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(The eighty-ninth from its OrgkoinUon) 
or THE 



STATES OF AMERICA, /ii^ .O-m^^J-t, 

Pretented to iAe Qeneral Aaaentily, at Detroit, Mich., 
May 2M, 1891. 


D,j,i,i.aL, Google 



^oarb of Jomr ||tisnoiis of l^e ^rtsbftman €l^tt\, 


The term of service of the fallowing eipires in May, 189a. 




The term of tervlce of the following eipires in May, 1893. 




The term of service of the following expires in May, 1894. 





Rev. JOECN ECALIU. DJJ.. President. 

" WILLIAM raVIN. D.D. ( Corre«p<main« 

•• D. J. MoMILLAN. D-D. 
O. I>. KATOTT. Treasurer. 
OSCAB HI. BOYD, Reoordlns Secretary. 

Piwbyteriu Bmte, 53 Fifth ATsnoa, Hsw ToriL Bex L. atatlon D. 

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The Board of Home MUaions baa completed the eightj-Duith 
year of its service — ita twentj-firflt since the re- anion. 

In presenting the annual report to the General ABsembl; the 
Board deeirea to ezpreee gratitude for the goodness of G-od throDgh- 
out the year. While He has seen fit in His providence to restrain 
the Board from the aggreBsive work to which the growing conntry 
has so urgently invited, He has nevertheless attended the bnsiness 
of the year with signal blessing. 

No officer or member of the Board has been removed by death,* 
and Ood bath dealt gracionsly with thoee whose labors have been 
intemtpted by physical infirmities. 

One member of the Board, the Rev. Henry M. Booth, D.D., 
whose term of service expires at this time, resigned in view of a 
contemplated absence abroad. Hia reeignation removed tirom the 
conucilB of the Board one whose large experience and faithfnl ser- 
vices were always helpfnl to the office and of great ralne to the 

The Rev. J). Stuart Dodge was elected for the unexpired term. 

The number of missionariea who have been called away from 
earUi daring the year is nnoeiiaUy small. The Board bears record 
to their faithfalness onto death. Their names are as follows : 

Bot. B. p. BUSSEL Nabruka. i R«t. S. N. BT. JOHN Emm**. 

" O. W. WIHCHBBT£B...WiMniBiii. " C. S. ABHBTilONO, D.D. .IDcblps. 

" TaOMASMcNINCH..Sou(lt Dakota. " JaMIS M. FRTSE Wiaorauia. 

» O.W.RIOOLB KewHeiloo. I " THOKAS 9. DEWINO... .KutUdiI. 

R«T. P. L. CABDEN California. 

■Jfc Jow^r. Jor.oB*of theoldtit membanoltb* Boatd,dl*d ApiUlltb.aftaitlia slow 

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The charohee, in the main, have been bleaeed with vigoroaa 
growth. Beporta of reTiv&ls of religion come from all parts of the 
field. The reaulte are tabalated on another page. Kany mJBeioa 
Btations hare become healthy chorchee. Theae manifeetatioiiB of 
the Spirit's preeence and power have in nearly all cases attended 
or followed the week of prayer. They have cheered and streagth- 
ened the misBionaries Qpon the field, and helped chnrchea toward 


The year opened nnder the shadow of a great debt, the amonnt 
of which was $80,391.84. This was caused by a decrease of 
$85,000 in the receipts of the month of March ; the last month 
of the fiscal year. No haroan wisdom coald forecast snch a thing. 
The General Assembly's call for a special collection for the debt 
met with a loyal and liberal response, but the liqaidation of 
snch a debt in the limited time between the close of the Assembly 
and the sammer vacation was impracticable. The vacation opened 
earlier and was more generally observed than nsnal. The facts 
snggested the wisdom of retrenchment at the ontoet. Presbyteries 
or their committeea were notified that the condition of the treasoiy 
would not warrant increase of appropriations and that no 7i«w work 
contd be supported by the Board. The cnrrent demands of the work 
already in hand rapidly out-ran the receipts during the summer. 
The small amonnt of securities at the command of the treasurer 
so limited the borrowing capacity of the Board that prompt pay- 
ments were impossible. Missionaries upon the field were com- 
pelled to wait and suffer for their well-earned but delayed salaries. 
The relief which legacies usaally afford failed in a large measnre. 

The receipts of the Board for the cnrrent work for the first five 
months of the fiscal year were $46,000 less than for the correspond- 
ing months of the former year. The aid-receiving churches responded 
most nobly, and the patience and heroism of the missionaries upon 
the field cannot be too highly commended, many of them re- 
linquishing, in whole, or in part, their mooh-needed salaries. But 
at length some relief came. The heavier contribations of the Ml 
and winter months made prompter payments of salaries possible, 
but did not at any time bo far relieve the treasury as to enable the 

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1891.] BOASD 0FH0MEHI8BI0HS. 6 

Board to resume aggreeaiTe work eveo in the moat invitiiig fields. 
The yosLT has closed with a emaller number of miesioQaries than the 
Board had last year; fewer ohorches od its roll by as many as have 
become aelf-sapporting, yet the yearcloaes witha deficit of |i!>8,346.04 
The Board appropriated $55,525.41 less than last year, and $110,000 
less than the General Assembly anthorized. Twenty-six appliear 
tioQB were declined, involving $12,300 ; forty-four new cases asking 
an aggr^ate of $18,833.34 were deferred from month to month, 
making the total number seventy, and the aggregate amount asked' 
for $31,133.34, notwithstanding the check upon aggressive effort 
above mentioned. These were all fully endorsed by Presbyteries 
or their standing committees, bat not granted for want of funds. 

But through this trying year the churches have been most loyal 
to the canse of Home Missions. The receipts from churches and 
individuals for current work have been greater than last year by 
$34,122.22, and in advance of any previous year in the history of the 
Board. In addition to this increase $64,000 were received toward 
Uqnidftting the debt. For this loyalty of churches and individuals 
the Board cannot too forcibly express its gratitude. But the 
receipts from legacies were only $87,990 as against $187,173 last 
year. This was in part foreseen, and so the Board was enabled 
to eatimate its receipts from that source approximately, and reduced 
appropriations as far as possible. The advance in receipts from 
chorches and individuals was not sufficient to overcome the falling 
off in legacies. 

In this connection it seems well to call the attention of the 
Assembly and the Church again to the great necessity of increasing 
the amount of the Board's permanent funds. Not only would an 
increase, wisely invested, produce an income, but it would serve as 
collateral, enabling the Board to borrow and pay its missionaries 
promptly daring the summer months when the contributions are 
always light and the expenditures are in excess of receipts. Too 
much emphasis eannot be placed npon this matter, in view of the 
possible recnrrence of the financial embarrassments of the last year. 

Knowing that the salary of a missionary allows him no margin 
above an economical support, it is the purpose and most oamest 
desire of the Board to give the matter of prompt payment of 

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salaries promiaence in all its plans of operatioD, and it calls most 
earneBtly apon those who desire to make the very best possible iise 
of money for the advancement of the canse of Christ and the re- 
lief of His faithfol and waiting toilers npon the field, to think on 
these things. 


The financial straits of the year have thoroughly tested the 
. resonrcee of the ohnrchee dependent npon the Board. If, as has been 
etippoeed, there were churches relying on the Board which ought to 
be self-supporting, and others v^ch ongfat to receiTO lees, the strin- 
gency of the year has afforded the best opportonily to discover them. 

Presbyteries and their committees have strong motives for re- 
lieving the Board and placing it npon a better financial footing. 
It is always a commendable ambition to desire to give the gospel 
to neglected commnnities, to take possession of strategic points, to 
enlarge the work and the sphere of asefiilness, as well as to have 
all their requests in behalf of established bat dependent chnrches 
honored. These, together with a loyal sympathy with the aboard, 
are powerful reasons for reducing to the minimmn every applica- 
tion for aid that seeks their endorsement. There are satisfactory 
reasons for believing that they have never been more conscientioDS 
and carefnl than daring the past year. 

One blesrang that has attended oar financial trials has been more 
carefnl and faithfnl presbyterial oversight. Another has been a 
more general acqaaintance with the affairs of the Board and a 
deeper personal interest in the great cause of Home Misuons, 
both by those who support the Board and those who derive support 
from it. 

Moreover the halt along the lines of aggressive work has enabled 
the Board to take its bearings ; bnt while these blessings have at- 
tended the trials of the year the country has been spreading, and 
np-epringing communities have been growing strong under godless 
influences. Much tfaiM; oonld have been done economically and 
effectively last year can only be done, if at all, at greatly increased 
expense next year. 

Another embarrasemuit ander which the Board labors, arises 
from the tardiness with which those who contribute to the Board 

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1891.] BOABD or HOHS HIB8IONB. 7 

send in their gifts. Great opportnnities for nBefoliiesB are often 
neglected beoaaae the reeonrcee of the Board for tbe ;ear are en- 
tirely nnknown ontil the year is drawing to a close. And mnoh 
is necessarily spent in paying interest on borrowed money which 
wonld be saved if coDtribntionB were received earlier in the 
year. This fact finds a striking illostration in the experience of 
the Ust year. During the first five months the Board received bnt 
$180,222.36. Daring the last month over 1200,000 were received. 
If these lai^ contribntions of the last month had been disbibuted 
throughout the year, or better still, remitted early in the year, 
while the aggregate woold have been no greater, the expense of 
doing the same work would have been less and the deficit at tbe end 
of tbe year smaller by tbe amount of interest paid on borrowed 


In reviewing the field it is proper to begin in the Northeast, 
and pass westward and soathward. 

The Chnrch may well look with pleasnreupon the steady pro- 
gress of its work in New England. Superficial observers, or thoie 
who have little or no opportunity to know of the work there, may 
not be prepared to credit the statement that entire harmony and 
good feeling exist between onr chnrches and others of like or kin- 
dred faith. There is no encroachment npon preoccapied territory. 
The manniactaring towns of New England have attracted mnltitndes 
of Scotch, and Canadians of Scotch ancestry. " There are more 
Canadians in this country than in Canada, and Canada is laigely 
Presbyterian," says Dr. Scott. Those who know the conditions 
reec^ize the purpose and necessity of the work of the Presbyterian 

These people bring with them their obaraeteristic loyalty to 
their ancestral faith and its symbols. Oinrches of other denom* 
inationa, long established in New England, realising that these - 
people can be reached only by the Church which they know and 
love, give strong and substantial encouragement. Dr. Scott further 
says , " One Oongregational chnrch gave $1000 toward the erection 
of a Presbyterian church. The largest subscription toward another 
came from a Roman Catholic. A Unitarian gave a lot on which 

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a chnrcli iB being bnllt. One chorcb worahips in a honse which 
cost $18,000, another $13,000, another $10,000. Two others are 
building which are to cost respectively $10,000 and $6000. But 
where does the money come from 1 The people do what they can, 
a few friends outside are coDsiderate, and the churches in the 
vicinage are never appealed to in vain." 

Bat the results of the work are its best justification. 

Nine years ago Boston Presbytery had 2721 communicants and 
2874 children in Sabbath-school. It has now about 5500 com- 
municants and aearly 6000 children in Sabbath-school. 

The acceasions to the churches id Boston Presbytery exceeded 
those of any other presbytery in the great Synod of New York ex- 
cept Brooklyn and New York. 

But with all this growth and promise no new work has been 
undertaken io New England the past year, nor can it be until the 
treaeury of the Board is relieved. 


Under ^lis head can beat be disoaBsed the work from New Eng- 
land to the Mississippi Kiver, north of -Mason and Bison's Ime. 

These older Synods have, with laudable purpose, undertaken to 
care for their own dependent churches, withoat reducing their 
contributions to the Board. New Jersey has succeeded in doing 
this. It has done more. Its churehes have steadily increased 
their contributions each year, having given to Home Hissions 
$6000 more than they did last year, and at the same time sup- 
ported all the mission work in their State. New York has done 
well, but has not accomplished itfi high aim. There has been a steady 
increase of aggregate oontribntions from the Synod ever since the 
Bustentation soheme was adopted, bnt not a sufficient advance to 
support its own work, in addition to its gifts to the Board. One 
of the difficulties with the working of l^e scheme is the tendency 
of population to shift from rural regions and villages to the cities 
and the west, continually disappointing hopes of churches aiming 
at progress toward self-support. Bnt there is ground for hope that 
even this great difficulty will not prove to bean insuperable barrier 
to the success of the scheme. Pennsylvania has an admirable 

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1891.] BOABD or HOHS V I KB ION 8. 9 

pl&Q, but hw not been able to advaQce far enooj^li to snpport all its 
vork in addition to ite regular contribntions to the Board. New 
villageB are Bprin£;iDg np in ite mountainB. Rural popnIationB are 
forsaklDg the conntry chnrches and flocking to the cities, creating 
new demands in growing sabarbs- These with other causes retard 
the progreaaoftheir admirable scheme in spite of the faitbfnl efforta 
of Uieir able committee. 

The Synods of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois are aiming at the same 
thing, bnt working along difierent lines. Bereral presbyteries in 
Ohio have attempted to aapport all the work within their own 
boands and have made gratifying progress. Provision has been 
made for syoodical aid to the weaker preabyteiies. 

Indians has never been able to contribnte as much as it received 
from the Board, bat the Synod, at its late meeting, resolved to Bap- 
port all its own work, aakiog no aid from the Board. This was a 
brave and generooB movement, and there is a bright prospect of 

The Synod of Illinois last year employed four evangeliete to work 
among the feeble chnrehea and destitute fields with a view to pro- 
gress toward aelf-eupport. The resalts were very gratifying. The 
evangelists reported over 800 converaiouB, and many churches 
revived and strengthened ; $3625.28 were contributed by the Synod 
for the support of this work. This Synod is making a splendid 
record, having given to the Board nearly $16,000 more than it 
received. It is fast taking rank with the strongest synods of the 

Hichigan has had its share of numerical increase and material 
proq>eri^. There is an eameat and importnnate appeal for the en- 
largement of our work within its boands. 

Minnesota never disappoints us. Ite prosperity in spiritual, as 
well as material things, has demanded much more of the Board than 
conld be granted. Twelve churches have been organized, and there 
havebeea about two thousand aecessiouB to the ohurch membership 
daring the year. Sixteen churches might be o^anized at once. 
Baeidee all this, new railroads are ojiening up new country, bnilding 

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10 A-IfVVi.h BEPOBT OF IHB [1891. 

new towns, introdnciiig new popalation that will call for a score of 
new cbnrofaee. Minnesota ofiers ne a very promiBing field, and the 
character of its population and its material prosperity give our 
cfaarcfaes the brightest promise of early eelf-sapport. It may be 
noticed from last year's report that the Board had exactly the same 
nnmber of missionaries in Minnesota that it had in California, 
ninety-seven. CaUfomia contributed to the Board's treaenry $3638. 
Great as has been the work in Oalifomia, it hae been greater in 
Minnesota, where the chnrches contribated $9S93, nearly three 
times as much. And yet California has three thousand more Pres- 
byterians than Minnesota. This oontraet is intended to strengthen 
the proposition that it will pay to pash oar work in Minneeota. 

What has been said of this State as a field of ^eat promise may 
be said with some qualification of Wisconsin. Growing cities, 
inflow of population of an excellent class, railroad extension, and 
the consequent opening up of new country to improvement and 
settlement call loudly to ds to provide liberal things for the coming 
year. Within the year last past there have been oiganized five 
churches, and gathered into our churches 1000 members. The 
present demand is for six new men. 

In aoy estimate which takes into the account any of the great 
moral movements of onr Christian civilization, the State of Iowa 
must always be accorded a place in the front rank. She has no 
great cities, no great centres of wealth, no large mannfitotoring or 
mining interests. Her wealth is generally diffiised among thrifty 
and progressive cities of the smaller class, villages and farming 
communities. And yet at the late meeting of the Synod a propo- 
sition looking toward synodieal sustentation was seriously discussed. 
Five new churches with an aggregate membership of 115 have been 
organized during the year. The last year was one of spiritual 
prosperity. Abont 2200 have been added to the olinrches, nearly 
half of whom have been gatiiered by the mission churches. Several 
additional communities are calling for the organization of Presby- 
terian diurohes. Fifteen more ministers are imperatively called 
for, and still the synodieal missionary writes that Iowa is better 
snpptied than for many years. The supply has never equalled the 
demand in Iowa. 

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Mieaonri presents ao interesting and qoite inexbaaBtible topic. 
Thresded throogh uid throogli with railroads, midway between all 
extremes of the country, with vast ttgricaltural and mineral re- 
soarcee which are being developed with greater energy and to 
greater extent ^an ever before, she has the well-groonded promise 
of great growth in wealth and popalation. Of her 8,000,000 pec- 
ulation only about 16,000 are members of oar Ohorch. Bnt there 
are many commanities who most eameetly invite ns to give them 
the goepel. Sixteen are ready now And asking to be organized. 
Among them, one has a population of 4000 and no church of any 
denomination ; anotiier 3000 and no cfaorch ; another 2000 and no 
church ; others of equal size bnt imperfectly provided with church 
privilcf^es, and many others, smaller but growing. A still larger 
namber of conununitiea are waiting for our miBaionaries, bnt have 
not been prepared for organization because of the Board's admon- 
ition "no n0U> work." Thirteen chnrches within the bounds of 
this Synod have become eelfsupporting dnring the year and are 
tributary to the Boards of the Ohorch, and (173,000 has been 
raised and expended on church building. Miseoari aake most 
earnestly for thirty new men. This State is at present one of our 
moet inviting fields. Its resonrces of coal, iron, lead, zinc, and 
building sttme and stones of commerce, grazing and fmit-growing 
lands, farming and lumbering industries, have never been known, 
not even suspected until recently. 

What work we have in Arkansas is within this Synod. It con- 
stats of five chnrches, three of which are negro churches of great 
nsefnlneea and promise, ministered to by men of learning and • 
eloqnence. Three railroads are pnshing their lines into northern 
Ark«isa8, and new towns will spring np to demand our attention, 
A severe drought came up from the south and swept across the 
Indian Territory, Oklahoma, Western Kansas, Western NebraAa,- 
and the Dakotas, in many parts paralyzing business, causing 
widespread eoSering which called for relief from the general govern- 
ment and from the several States, and in many cases reducing 
population by removals to such an extent that chnrches were left 
to languish or to sDSpend, and ministers to suffer. The churches 
throughout that region called most earnestly for increased appro- 



priatione from the Board, bat the increase was deoied them for 
the Bame reasou that all new work was declined. Bnt the early 
spring givee promise of a prosperous year. The clinrches in Indian 
Territory and Oklahoma have something more than held their own, 
and 13 have been organized. The "Cherokee Strip" with its 
9,0Q0,000 acres of attractive land is ahont to be opened. Three 
counties with a dozen towns will be ready for Beveral ministers. 

From Kansas there come very interesting facts. Take Emporia 
Presbytery as fairly representing the State, lying as it does partly 
in the drought«tricken district aod partly in the more favored 
regions. While there has been a perceptible decrease in the 
additions to the churches on oert^fioate becanse of the outward 
movement of population, the additions upon examination show 
an increase oi ji/oe hwndred jper cent., (woj^;^^ of which have been 
gathered by the self-«npporting churches, and th/re6-j^ih« by our 
missionaries. Another significant fact appears from the additions 
on certificate, namely : only one-third was received by the mission 
chnrches, while two-thirds entered the self-«apportiug churches, 
showing that the drift of the population was from the weaker toward 
the stronger churahes in the old-established communities. While 
there has, therefore, been a loss in population, there has been a 
gain in church membership. And while there have been heavy 
losses by drought there has been an increase of over (300 to the 
Board by that Presbytery alone. Church work grows in Kansas 
as it always has done, and yields rich returns for the inv^tments 
of the Board. That State cfJts loudly for more men, and ought 
. to organize a large number of new churches — but is held m check 
by the condition of the Board's treasnry. 

What has been said of Kansas is measurably true of Nebraska. 
The drought afiEected the material interests of the western part of 
,the State, and cansed great suffering. Churches, of course, felt the 
effect most keenly, and yet four churches reached self-support, and 
fourteen dedicated houses of worship at an ajj^r^ate cost of $45,500. 
The Spirit of God has been manifest in many of the churches of 
the State, and again the accessions ou examination exceeded those 
on certificate. The rapid growth of the cities and the growth of 
manufacturing towns, and the increase of popnlation in the frontier 

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1891.] BOABD or HOHB MIBfllOHS. 18 

conntiee, call for at leaet eight new cfanrchee, notwithstanding the 
entire Bnppreesion of aggresBlTe work. Twenty men are needed in 
thiB State. The drought has stimnlated the enterprieing citizens of 
the Btricken portione of Nebraska and the D&kotas to deviee means 
of artificial irrigation, which they are sncceeafally doing. Bat 
Soatb Dakota, with its great and rich mining regions in its weetem 
part, and North Dakota, with itB vast, never failing and inexhansti- 
ble Red River Valley, anrTive seTere winters, dronghty eammere 
and Indian wars, and cootinae to grow and call for ohnrches and 
miniatera. North Dakota wants twenty-fonr men. 

Montana, with its diversified and inexhaastible resonrces, has 
attracted three of the great transcontinental railroads, viz.: the 
Union Pacific, which was diverted over 400 miles out of its course 
in order to tap that vast mining bnsinese ; the Northern Pacific, 
which bnilt over 800 miles of its main line to get through that great 
State from east to west, besides building six or seven lateral feeders ; 
and the Oreat Northern, which went round by way of the great 
stock ranges, the n^lected agricultural lands and the coal fields, 
along the conrse of the Missoari River, then came down to the 
mining centres after a part of Montana's big business, and now has 
resumed its march toward the northwest coast. 

Idaiio lies to the west with an extent and variety of resources, 
and a population that demanded and justified statehood. The new 
State of Washington completes the journey across the continent 
from ocean to ocean without touching a territory. From any point 
of riew these three States ure of thrilling interest and momentous 
importance. Into them, within a year, a half million enterprising 
eitixens have gone. Montana leads all the States in outpat of 
precious metals. 

Bat vast as is this industry aud its possibilities the State has the 
advantage of at least two other industries, each of which is sufficient 
to Buetaio a State, viz : — agriculture and stock raising. The 
Board's iovestoLents in this State have been paying. Montana has 
twenty charches— -six of which are self-supporting. The church 
at G^ranite paid a fall salary from its organization without receiving 

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ttQj aid from the Board. This State calls for nine men to Bap]dy 
loi^^ wuting and n^lected fields. Idaho has been & profitable 
field for onr Ohoreh and offers great indnoements to six new men. 

The growth of Washington and its cities has been phenomenal. 
Seattle, Tacoma, Fairhaven, Whatcom, Anacortee, Spokane, and 
EHenaburg, have never been snrpaBsed and seldom equalled in the 
rapidity and character c^ their growth. Of some of these the 
public has heard ; of the jroongest there has been soarcel; time for 
the coontr; to be informed. BeUingham fiaj, reached tbroogb the 
Strait of Jnan de Fnca, was a favorite harbor for vessela long ago, 
by reason of its calmness and depth. Fairhaven is its chief port. 
This city is not yet. two years old and has a population of SOOO, 
with taxable property of 120,000,000. 

Dnring the year fifteen churches have been organized by the 
irreaistiblo force of the demand iu spite of the halt called by the 
Board. The past has been a year of revivals in this young State. 
Sixteen churches have been organized and 15U0 souls gathered into 
onr churches. Twelve men are ifoperatvody called for in this State. 

Oregon is not much behind. Its churches are growing into self- 
snpport and oar missionaries are very restive under the restraint 
which the condition of our treasury imposes. No finer field ever 
opened to the Board, and no more faithfal and consecrated mis- 
sionaries ever wrought in the vineyard. The money spent in 
Oregon has always yielded ready and large returns. 


Oalifomia is better known than the newer States. Onr choreb 
work has steadily advanced, though there has been no specially 
fmit^il revival. Last year the Presbytery of San Francisco gave 
more to Home Missions than it asked from the Board. Eleven more 
men are wanted for as many vacancies, even if we make no advance. 

Nevada at last is looking np. Fiocfae, that so long seemed dead, 
comes to life and offers a very inviting field. Four other points 
call for oi^uization and the goqpel. Sev^ men are needed. 

Ooming eastward, we may for the Hret. time class at least a por- 
tion of Utah with oar Ameriean communities. Leaving the Mor- 
mon work to its appropriate head, we have cause fffl* profound 

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1S91.] BOABD or HOKt MiaeioHB. 15 

gratitade that the long and fiuthfnl labors of oar miBaionsrieB in 
Salt Lake Oity and Ogden hare been abundantly rewarded. 
American ciTiiizBtion has at last won the rictory in thoee two cities 
over the Araatic system that has so long dominated them, and with 
tluB progrees onr first churches have bravely assumed self-sapport. 
The night has been long and the fight stobborn, bat the morning 
has dawned and brought victory. The second church in Salt 
I^e City is following in the wake of the first. A precious 
revival greatly cheered its members and enlai^ed their nnmber. 
But Salt Lake City with its 50,000 population should have a fourth 
and a fifth chnrch, and Ogden a second. The time has fully come, 
and the communities are ready for the gospel. The power of the 
Spirit was manifest also at Manti, adding many, and among them 
some Tery influential citizens, to the membership. The mission at 
Richfield, the county seat of Sevier Coonty, bas grown into a church 
and members have been added as the fruits of special services. The 
churches in Utah were never so strong and hopeful as at the present 
time. An important railroad has been built through San Pete Yalley 
into Serier Coonty, and is rapidly reaching southward toward Iron 
Coun^. This will prove a powerful factor in the problem of 
Utah's complete redemption. 

WjfomtTig.—The youngest of the sisterhood of States has yielded 
rich treasnres to the prospector. Extensive coal, iron, silver, tin and 
Boda mines have attracted railroads, popnlation and capital. New 
communities have called for the chnrch and minister ; still only 
two new churches have been organized. Several growing towns 
in this State are pressing their claims upon us. Bnffiilo is oneof them. 
There are forty-five Presbyterians in this town ready for organiza- 
tion; but in the judgment of the presbytery it would be unwise 
and unfair to organize a chnrch when the Board steadiaetly declines 
to support new work. It would be better to leave the field open to 
some other denomination. Four other towns are in similar need. 

Colorado. — This State has had a vigorous and steady growth 
Bince the advent of the railroads twenty years ago. Our cliurcbes 
sod missions have been signally blessed from the first. The past 
year has marked another era of prosperity in material develop- 
ment and in church growth. Though the presbyteries have been 

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reBtrained Iroin adranoing iDto new and ioviting fields by tbe in- 
abilitj of the Board to aid them, tbey have been compelled to or- 
ganize two cbarchee in commanities where mission work had fiillj 
ripened. South Denver was one of these, Colorado Springs the other. 
Twelve meo are needed and conid be secnred for these promising 
fields if the Board were prepared to give them reasonable support. 
Dr. Eirkwood, the Synodtcal Miesionary for Colorado, in his report 
says : " I have never seen a year in the history of my work on this 
field when so many places of present (not to say proepective) im- 
portance have been opened to ns. We conld hare added twelve 
or fifteen chnrches, bnt have been restrained by the condition of 
the Board's treasury." The chnrches of Colorado have coutribnted 
to the Board more generally than ever before. 

ir#w Mexico. — In 1881 there were five churches ; there are now 
twenty-one. Tbe annual increase of membership has been' thirty- 
three per cent. This territory has been for three centuries under 
the domination of a corrupt and ignorant priesthood. Abont sixty- 
five per cent, of its population are Mexican Bomanists, who onght 
to be enlightened and Americanized before tbe territory is admitted 
to the union of States. 

A large infusion of enterprising American citizens are making 
this territory their home, attracted by its fertile soil, mining re- 
sonrces and salubrious climate. Oar American chnrches at Baton, 
Las Y^as, Santa F^, Albuquerque and Socorro have had a healthy 
and vigorous growth. The Las Yegas church has assnmed self- 
support. Albuquerque will do so within the coming year, Santa 
F^' soon aiter. The others mentioned have not the numerical 
strength nor the material resources to warrant the hope of early 
self-support. Oar church at Silver City has been vacant more than 
a year, although a most inviting field with a thrifty and excep- 
tionally intelligent population. Other American commonities are 
springing np and beginning to call for the gospel at our hands. 
Mexican churches have been organized at Rincou and Socorro. 

Af^sona has been neglected. Our churches at Tucson and 
Prescott have long since passed out of onr connection into other 
denominational relations because of our inability to supply them 
with ministers. Our church at Tombstone, long vacant, has at 

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1891.] BOABD or fiOME UIBSIONB. 17 

last a settled pastor, but Phfleoix has been calling io vaia for some 
months. A new chnrch was organized at Flagstaff during the year 
with a membership of eighteen, and a Mexican chorch at Lake 
Side. Six additional men are needed for work slreadj in hand, 
and more if we advance. 

There is a great opportunity in the South. Both branches of our 
Chnrch do not supply the demand. The Board has missionaries in 
all the Southern States — except South Carolina, Georgia, Missis- 
eippi and Louisiana. Texas is a great State and growing greater. 
Agriculture and stock raising have been the chief occupations of its 
people, but its mineral resources are now attracting attention. Capi- 
tal and population are coming in from the North, the East and 
foreign countries. Bailroads and manufactories are multiplying. The 
large ranches are being cut up iuto small farms, villages are multi- 
plying and growing into towns, towns into cities, and cities are 
growing larger. The presbyteries and the missinnaries in this 
State have been restive under the restraints which the condition of 
our treasury imposed. Fonr new churches were organized during 
the year ; these grew out of missions formerly maintained and are 
not new work; many others are impatiently awaiting the assurance 
of aid that they may organize. There have been 500 accessions to 
the churches ; 40ii of these on examination. Twelve men are im- 
peratively called for, and many more could be nsed to advantage. 
Dr. Little, the Synodical Missionary, in his report, says ; " I have 
had more good men proposing to come to Texas than ever before — 
twenty-one of them." 

The Board's work in Alabama and Tennessee is within the 
bounds of the Synod of Tennessee. This Synod has been derived 
of the aervicee of a synodical missionary since the resignation of 
Bev. J. M. Davies, D.D., last autumn. For this reason and the fact 
of the Board's debt no advance has been attempted ; but the 
growth of our churches has been gratifying. 125 members have 
been added to our mission ohnrches in the presbytery of Union and 
113 in those of Holston. Our mission, known as Bell Avenne, in 
Bjioxville, has become a vigorous chnrch with bright Prospects. 

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The SoQth Knozrille chorch has dedicated an attractive and commo- 
dioQS hoose of worship free of debt. Eleven additi<»ial miniaterB 
are very much needed in this Synod for the work now in haod. 
Eight new organizationB are demanded. The Synod of Kentncky 
reports no chorch organized during the year, bnt 586 members have 
been added to onr churches, of these, 388 were received on exam- 
ination. Seven new churches are needed which three new men 
could supply. Bev. J. P. Dawaon, the Synodical Mieeionary, in 
an admirable report says : " Our charches seem to he taking on 
new life and activity. Our educational institutions are coming 
to the front again. Alti^ther the ontlook is more encooraging 
than it has been for years. We have felt somewhat cramped by 
the financial strees upon your generone Board, ao that we have 
tamed onr attention to developing what we already have rather than 
entering upon new enterprises. The great problem which ever 
stands before ns is our mountain work, the true and sucoeaafnl 
solution of which has yet to be found ; and which will require the 
most enlightened and sanctified common sense and patient perse- 

The eztenaiTe mineral deposite of Eastern Kentucky, Tennessee 
and Alabama are attracting immense capital and lai^ population 
from the Northern States and foreign countries. The church may 
expect large demands for missionarieB and houses of worship in the 
immediate future, to be followed very soon by liberal contributions 
to its benevolent causes in return. 

Florida. — The churches in this State report a very prosperous 
year : 184 have been added to the membership, and about $8000 
has been contributed for alt causes, being about eight doUars per 
member. " Only two new churches have been organized during 
the year," writes Rev. H, Keigwin, " in view of the Board's debt 
and your expressed unwillingness to undertake new work, and 
without seeking for new openings a half-dozen places «k ofiering 
encouraging prospects, and without advertising our need of minis- 
tera X have the names of as many men who are asking for labor in 
onr bounds." Mr. Keigwiu says further : " It is a great mistake 
titat our church doors must be closed six months in the year, and 
our ministers retire to a more temperate climate. It shall ever be 

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the um to m&n the churches with miiuBtere who are willing to 
remain with their people all through the year and identify them- 
aeivee with the couutrj." 

New eQterpriseg are springing up in Florida. Immense deposits 
of phosphates have recently been discovered, large areas of land 
have been drained, and the extensiTe production of sugar eane will 
add to the attractions and wealth of the State. 


One-third of the popolation of the United States dwells in 
citieB. There are several reasons for this fact. In the first place, 
rural occnpationa offer little opportunity for the rapid acquisition 
of wealth. In the second place, the cities present superior social 
and intellectual attractione. In the third place, the improved 
machinery now used on the farms enables one man to do the work 
which formerly gave employment to ten men. Nine are therefore 
thrown out of employment and must seek other occapations. In 
the fourth place, the application of steam and electricity to the 
business of life, and the rapid increase of mannfacturing, open to 
them imnumerable attractive places in the cities. 

These cansea show the movement to be permanent. There can 
be 00 reaction. Then the pauper and mendicant classes seek 
the citiee, the centres of wealth, as most suitable to their condi- 
tions. Certain lawleaa and vicious classes can ply their voca- 
ticots only in the massed populations of cities. These causes 
operate in the farming States of the middle West as well as in the 
manufactnring States of the East and the mining States of the 
West. Take Illinois as an example. Leaving out of the account the 
la^^t city or town in each connty of the State there was no 
increase of popnlation during the last decade, although the increase 
of popnlation of the State was 743,4:80. 

These &ctB present two problems to the £oard : 1. What shall 
we do with the churches in the country and villages. It will not 
do to let them die. They furnish a large per cent, of our best 
ministers, and these rural communities are furniBhing annually 
companies of recruits for the cities and the newer West to fill 
either prisons or pews. It is better, it is cheaper, to sustain rural 

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so A.SSVA.1. BKPOST OF TBB [1891. 

cliiircheB in order that thej may coutinne to be rich Bonrces of 
nutrient elements by which the churches in the cities and the 
West may be enriched. The older Synods are trying to provide 
for this class of chnrohes within their bonnda ao that the Board's 
income may be used exclasiTely in the new West and in the cities. 

2. What diallwe dowiththeunchnrched massesof the cities? It 
will not do to leave them to the volnntary care of individual city 
churches. The burden proves too great and the provision too 
precarious. There should be some denominational provision and 
constituted oversight. lu the nation's metropolis where this work 
has been left to the churches of the city, great as has been their 
work and liberal as has been their provision, the fact remains that 
large masses of the population are not reached. The churches are 
driven uptown while the masses concentrate downtown. During 
the last decade the population below Fourteenth Street increased 
140,000, while the number of churches — ^never enough — decreased 
by twenty-one. The reason is obvious. Churches wisely " begin 
at Jerusalem," evangelizing the regions most accessible and most 
easily worked, leaving the more remote to suffer. In other cities 
the nnevangelized masses are out of all proportion to the streng^ 
and ability of the chnrehee of the community. 

But where the constituted power — ^the Presbytery — has under- 
taken the city work and called upon its ally the Board of Home 
Missions for aid, as in most of the western cities, the results have 
been very gratifying. The work in the cities is relatively more 
economical than in the rural regions. Greater numbers are reached 
and earlier results are accomplished ; more speedy attainment to 
self-support, and earlier return of the invested money to the Board's 
treasury. The first church of Portland, Oref;., was aided by the 
Board four years, at an afi^regate expense of $1100. Already 
that church has paid back to the Board about |10U,000, besides 
making lai^ contributions to the other causes of the Church. But 
that is not all. There are now twelve other churches in the city 
of Portland. In Eansas City great wisdom and untiring eneigy 
have been displayed in capturing a dozen strat^c points for the 
Master. The strongest church in the city — the second — was nursed 
in its infancy by the Board. It has returned many fold in increas- 

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ing aoDDal ooDtributiooB, beeidea nureing others into strength aod 
ability to f^ve. la Omaha an average of one chnrch a jear has been 
organized for foarteen yean. The fifteenth church is ready for 
erganization at the beginning of the fifteenth year. St. PanI, 
Minneapolis, Dolntb, Denver, Los Angeles, Tacoma and Seattle, 
have made similar records. And now there are growing with 
unprecedented rapidity yonng cities that promise ae fair if now 
taken care of. 

Middlesboroogb, £y., not yet two years old, with 50O0 popnla- 
tion, three railroads, several millions invested in establlBbed indus- 
tries, with anmeaanred wealth of resonrcee in the immediate 
vicinity, — Fairbaven, Wash., not yet two years old, with an aeaared 
[K>piilation of 7000, or, including 8eliome and Whatcom, now 
practically one, li!>,fiOO, — Bntte and Helena, Mont., — Salt Lake 
Oity, at last Americanized, — shall these call in vain for faelpl 


There are thirty dififerent nationalitiee, in every oity in our 
country, having a popolation of 100,000 or over. The immigration 
last year represented ninety-seven diferent countries. 

Themieeionariesof oar Board are preaching the gospel io twelve 
different langnagee, not counting the Indian langaages and dialects. 
But we have scarcely touched the great work that lies before us 
among our foreign populations, although no department of our 
work is more promising. There are in Texas twenty counties 
dominated by Germane, an excellent class. We organized but one 
church among them last year. We ought to give them twelve 
ministers at least this year. Among the 200,000 Scandinavians in 
Minnesota, the 50,000 in Wisconsin, the many communities of them 
in the Dakotas, Kansas, Montana and Utah, there is a large per 
cent, accessible to our Church, and dependent upon us for the 
gospel. There is a pressing call for twelve men for this work. 

These, as well as the Germans, come to this country with church- 
going habits. They gather into thrifty communities. If not pro- 
vided with the sanctuary and the ministry they become convivial 
in their assemblies, and drift into rationalism and infidelity. 

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The Bohemians, notwithBtaDding the prejudice that QDJostly 
attaches to their name, are among onr most industrious and reliable 
citizens. Thc^e of them who are Protestants are Oalvinists, and 
cling to the Presbyterian form of government. They belong to the 
lieformed Church of Bohemia, which has always been represented 
in the Pan Presbyterian Council. A great responsibility rests 
upon onr Chnrch in view of the wants of this interesting people. 
There are 30,000 in New York City where we have a church, 
10,000 in Baltimore where we have a church, 40,000 in Chicago, 
8(»,000 in Wisconsin, 10,000 in Omaha, 50,000 in Minnesota, several 
large communities of them in Nebraska and Kansas conveniently 
situated for economical evangelization. We have fourteen churches 
among thebi already in our connection, besides sixteen stations 
ready to be organized at their own request by our presbyteries. 

There are many startling facts connected with the foreign ele- 
ments of our population, even if we confine our attention to the 
better classes who have always been most welcome to our Ehores. 
One^narter of the population of New York City is Gherman, one- 
half of Wisconsin is German, two-thirds of Wisconsin's popula- 
tion are foreigners. Of the 30,0u0 population of La Crosse only 
8000 or one-quarter speak the English language. One-quarter of 
Chicago's inhabitants are German. We have no adequate provision 
for the supply of minieters to these foreign populations. The 
seminaries at Bloomfield and Dubuque are doing great things for 
the G^mans and Hollanders ; but little can be done by them for 
the Scandinavians and the Bohemians so accessible to us— mnch 
less can they do for other nationalities. 


Twenty per cent, of onr inunigrants are under fifteen years of 
age. Half are under twenty-five. If we were prepared to take 
them at this impressible age, and evangelize and Americanize them, 
one element of danger would become a source of security to our 

But the changed motives for immigration cannot escape the 
notice of any observing mind. The earliest immigrants came for 
freedom to worship God. Later foreigners fiocked to our shores 

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beoaose thej admired our civil iDStitntioDB. Then the material 
prosperity, pTodneed by a new and nndeveloped conntry, furnished 
the motiveB. Farmers and mechanics eonetttnted a large olaas. 
Now fifty per cent, of the increase of onr popolation are without 
oecapation. Formerly the nobler nationalities — the Scotch, the 
Irish and the Germans constituted the bnlk of onr immigrants. 
Now the lawless elements of erery nation predominate. 

In 1850 one in every S286 of onr population was in a penal in- 
stitation. In 1860 oTie in every eigfU htrndred and siseiy-iao. 
While in £ngland the dwrease in conrictions from 1868 to 188tt 
was aieefyf-fyoo per <!ent., in Scotland sixty-nine per cent., and in 
Ireland from 1870 to 1890 abont forty per cent. Tbeee fignres 
show that from some cause Great Britain has been steadily losing 
its criminal classes, while in the United States tlie criminal classes 
have been increasing twenty-three per cent, faster than the popnla- 
tion. A like comparison with other foreign countries would exhibit 
still more alarming facte. The facts hare a serious bearing upon 
the work committed to the Bovd of Home Hiesions. 

The Indians, the Kezicans, the Mormons, the Alaskans and the 
Mountain 'Whites of the South are passing through a period of 
pupilage which is necessary to prepare them qot only for dischaig- 
ingthe duties of citizenship but for hearing profitably the preach- 
ing of the gospel. The mission school is the chief agency in this 
work. Prosperity has generally attended the schools. There haa 
been a steady progress toward more perfect organization and 
equipment. A very much needed and very complete academy 
buUding was erected at Logan, Utah, the ladies of New Jersey 
providing the money, and another at Mt. Pleasant, with money 
ndeed by the ladies of New York. Each of these has ten well- 
conducted mission schools in the populous valleys adjacent from 
which to draw students. These academies, together with the Cel- 
lmate Institute at Salt Lake Oity and Hungerford Academy at 
Springviile, with all their tribatary mission schools, are the realiza- 
tion of a plan matured sixteen years ago at the inception of onr 
Kormon work. Our schools among the Mormons were never in a 

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more proeperooa condition. After carefal sowing, faithful tillage 
and patient watting the harveBt time baa come. There have been 
numerous convereionB in our miBSions in Salt Lake City, Spring- 
ville, Mt. Pleaaant, Manti and Bichfield. A church wafi organized 
at Bichfield, another at Box Elder. Thronghont the Mormon 
realm our work is becoming so Srmly entrenched in the affec- 
tions of the people that the interference of the priests tends to 
weaken their own power and strengthen the influence of our mis- 

Our school at Monroe met an irreparable loss in the death of 
Misa Anna 6. Palmer, a most conBecrated and successful teacher. 
But the work goes on and her influence lives. In Southern Idaho 
oar schools have been so prosperous as to create a demand for 
ministers which the Board is not able to supply. 

Our miasionaries among the Mexicans are not able to meet the 
demand for the gospel. They are assisted by native '- Helpere," 
who are appointed by Presbytery to act under the special direction 
of the ministers whom they assist and by whom they are instructed. 
This seems to be the only means of supplying the great demand 
for the gospel among the waking mnltitudes of ignorant Roman- 
ists. The means have been abundantly blessed, as the statistical 
report shows. During the year new opportunities have come 
to ns. Populous T^eys which the missionaries had not been able 
to enter in safety, have opened invitingly to the minister and the 
mission school. Seven new communities have urgently petitioned 
for schools. Pena Blanca, a large and populous valley, is at last 
accessible. It presents a most promising field. One missionary, 
a lady of cnltaro and consecration, unable to resist their plea for 
light, went alone without commission or salary, and is doing a 
noble work. Several other teachers are needed. Cherry Valley, 
a very attractive agricultural community in Mora county, sends an 
earnest petition for the school and the eanctnary. There is not 
a plaza in all the Mexican regions now closed to us. There 
remains, therefore, no barrier to the progress of the work among 
the Mexicans but ignorance and saperstition ou their part and 
poverty on oors. 

Miss Celia Morgan, a true missionary, died at Corrales, Dec. 20. 

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The war with the lodiiins last winter had no perceptible effect 
upon oar mlBaione. No iaterraption was experienced taid no 
excitement waa observed among those who were nnder the inflnenoe 
and instrnction of the Board's missioaaries. The Indians have an 
furtent religiooB nature, bat have never been idolators. The 
Christian's Ood thej recc^nize as the God whom they have always 
ignorantl; wotahipped. But a large majority of the Indians have 
never learned of him, hence the grotesque resnltB of their groping 
after him which hare been called by difierent namee — ^latterly the 
" Messiah craze." Any people may be best controlled by proper 
appeal to their governing passions- The " lodiaa problem " may 
therefore be most efiectaally and eoonomioally solved by enUgfat- 
esing and ohriatiuiizing them. Our ohorohee among the Indians 
have 3000 membera, not one of whom was in any way connected 
with the " Messiah craze," the " Oboet dance " or the tronbles of 
last winter, bnt they oontribated $4000 toward the benevolent 
cansee of onr Church. A voluntary society of Indian womea at 
the Yancton Agency supports four native missionaries. 

There have been precious revivals in the Indian Territory. At 
Spencer Academy many students were converted. Among onr 
Pn^lo schools in Kew Mexico there has been a deepening interest 
but no open professions have been reported. Our church among 
the Papagoee at Sacaton, Ariz., has twenty-five members and a 
congregation of 300. The Sabbath school numbers 150. Rev. 
Charles H. Cook, our faithibi and very succeesfal missionary to the 
Ptmas and Papagoee, sends as this most interesting statement : 
" One half the Pimas abstain from work on the Lord's day, and 
370 children are in oar school there with a prospect that the attend- 
ance will reach 500 next fall." Our two ohorchee, ministwed to by 
Ur. Cook, cost |3000, of whidi the Indians paid in cash and labor 
abont (3000. Oar Indian boarding school at Tucson is thoroughly 
equipped with baildings and appliances and a splendid force of 
consecrated teachers. The rairollment has reached 14S. 

At Atbnqaerqae oar school has been most admirably managed 
by the Superintendent and an efficient corps of assistants. The 
attendance has been somewhat reduced by the erection of a 

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96 ANNTAL BBFOBT 07 THE [1891. 

govemmeDt school which proridee for manj who were formerly 
with as. The gospel has been faithfnlly preached in the Lidiftu 
Territor; b; our miasioiiBrifls, aided very efficiently by lodian Ucen- 
t[ateB and candidates who have had apeeial traiDing for the work. 

The HoBCOgee school has sustained a great loss in the death of 
Hiss A. L. Willey. 


A ohnreb of twelve members was organized at Hoonah, March 
15th. Mne of the members were young men and women from onr 
sobo<d. Our church at Sitka has received thirty-fonr memberB 
dnring the year, and now has a total of three hnndred and eighteen. 

Some of the students have married, and be^on to eetablieh 
Christian homes. Others desire to prepare for teaching, and are 
now ready for normal training. Provision may be made for theae 
wifchont additional expense to the Board. All oar work in Alaska 
ia in a satisfactory condition, and the Spirit of God is manifestly 
with the missionaries. 

In this department of our work no advance into new communi- 
ties has been attempted daring the year except at Point Barrow, 
the northernmost point in Alaska, where Dr. Jaokson has estab- 
lished the first school, and provided the fiist missionary for the 
Esquimaux. The expense of this enterprise has tieen borne by 
special contribntions. 


These peculiar people present a most interesting and promising 
branch of work. They respond very promptly to the guiding hand 
and moulding influence of onr teachers. There has been a steady 
and gratifying progress in all onr schools among them. There have 
been some very tOQching instanoes of aouversion. The demand is 
still for enlargement of the schools we have, and advance into 
regions not occupied. 

Oakland Institute was sold dnring the year, so as to enable the 
Board to erect a building better adapted to the purpose and more 
capable of economical management — plans for which have been 

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18tl.] BOABD OF HOUK HIS8I0HS. 97 

This report would- be incomplete if do aoknowledgment were 
mftde of the helpfdloeas of the Boards of Charoh Erection and 
Poblioatiou. Witbont the Sabbath-Bchool miaeionariee much of the 
fMK^ress which we have been able to report would have been greatly 
retarded, if indeed it conld have been made at all. The valne of 
their work cannot be oTereetimated. Witbont the sheltering sanc- 
taarj many an infant chnrch wonld sicken and die. 


The condition of the Board's bneineaB, with tresh facte from the 
field, has been faithfally presented to the Chnrch through 7^ 
Chureh at Some and Abroad, and by means of innamerahle 
tracts and leaflets frequently published. The Woman's Ezecntive 
Committee have maintained The Home Miasion MorUHy as the 
Off^ of their work. 


We cannot close onr report witbont empharizing a few facts that 
mnet appear from the for^^ing. The Presbyterian Church is not 
doing its part toward the evangelization of onr country, and there- 
fore not developing its resonrces for the conqnest of the world for 
Christ. Hnndreds of commanitiee of onr own people and of 
foreigners prefer the Presbyterian Chnrch, and conld votk. and 
grow best within its fold. They have foond the ^mbols of its &ith 
■nd the forms of its worship most helpful to them. They desire 
the same for their children, and they appeal to the Board, hot appeal 
in vain. Jnst at this time, when society is in its formative period in 
the yomig States, — when popular sentiment, especially with regard 
to religions matters, is taking shape, — when good and bad influences 
are contending for the supremacy, opportunities of very great valae 
to D8~opportnnities of rare oeourrence in a nation's life, are slip- 
ping from as. We shall not have their hke again. 

It is the policy of the Board not to pauperize the weak churches 
by giving them something for nothing, but to put them upon their 
feet, and then to require an annual offering and annaal progress 
towards aelf-eopport ; to help them to help themselves, and to en- 
courage them to bear fruit while they grow. 

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98 kllSVJLh BBPOBT or THB 

The namber of miaeioaaries wlio have labored the -whc 
part of the year in connection with the Board is 1677, ax. 
have been distributed as follows : in 

.... 4 



.... 8 


... 6 



.... 8 



.... M 



.... 1 



.... 8 





.... la 



.... 80 



.... 86 



... .109 





.... S 




.... 19 



.... IB 



.... BS 





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.... 67 


TbiB table ebowB that tbe Board's work is ae long and broi 
the national domain. Its miBsionaries are in forty-five ot 
fifty States and Territories of tbe Union. It has none in S 
Carolina, Georgia, MiBsisBippi or LoaiBiana. New Jei'eej snp] 
its own work, besides contribnting to tbe Board of Home Mise: 


SobooU. TsMhara. SoholUB. 

Among the Indians 36 158 3,664 

" " MonnoDB 34 88 2,259 

" " Mexicans 30 55 1,496 

In the Sonth 18 44 1,514 

Total 118 340 7,932 

Digitized by Google 

1891.] BOABD or HOMB MISBIORS. 29 


We condense the main feataree of the year's work into the 
following, viz. : 

NumbwotHiMknariw, 1,677 

" " HuBonarr Teoohaia, 840 

AdditiaiiB on Vntmmao. of Faith, 10,688 

•* " Certafioato, 7,408 

Total Hembwdtip, 11S,4B0 

" in Congregmtiona, , - lM,aa2 

Adult B^tianu, - 8,861 

bituit Baptimu, 6^18 

Snndaj-Boliooli orgaiUMd, ........ 488 

Nnmbv of SnndaT-wihools, 8,468 

Hembenliip of BoAdaT-sohook, 178,166 

Chnioli Edifloea (Tdne of aanu, $4,0?0,3H)> ■ ■ - - 18,581 

•■ " tmflt during the year (oost of nme, |42S,48S), - IBS 

repaind and enlargad, ( " '■ f78,384), - 301 

Chnnih debti ooaoalled, $148,868 

ChnxahfiB aelf-aiistBiDmp thi* j«ac, -'--■- 86 

" argaoued, •■ << ...,_. i86 

HnmbBr of Faraoiiagea (valne VM2,704), 897 


The term of service of the following memberB expiree with this 
Aesembly, namely : 

Minigtera — Rbv. John Hall, D.D. 
" D, Stdaht Dodoe. 
" JoHH R. Paxtoh, D.D. 
Layman — Mr. 6bobob B. Loocwood, 
Mr. TrruB B. Hxias. 

All of which is reepectfoUy eabmitted. 

By order of the Board. 

WM. mVIN, isecrHanea. 

D. J. McMillan, S 

Digitized by Google 



0. D. EATON, Traaiurar, in account with the BOARD OF HOME MISSION! 
Prrabytflriin Chjrch In tiw Unltod States of America. 

■••I— Manh aiit-To CaA mntTBii tor Benu Jflntaw, tIi : 

IlliiinliM, •tm.iei 11 

labbatb Solwolii, ■ " "" " 

^dlTlda»U, Mo. , 
IntMut an F*riud 

Sabbath dolwolii, - - . - - 8t,e40 W 

— . «>,UMeO 

St.fO II 
<B,TI4 18 

IBM— ApiD lit— To BaUnoa, Panuanaat and Trait Tnitdi 

17 >771| 

lUM—Mtrek tlat-^ Oaih noatrad loc Paimaoant nud. lUBO 
" ■' " - TrutPoDd, itiwe 

■••■— Itanh tlat-To OaA ncalTad to data, 


W »— torti IM— To BaUooa-Patmanant Vnnd, , 

" - tW» dMe, - - l,e« 8> 

18»1— Hank tlat— To Caab caoalrad to data, Tia. : 

~— .--- StniBl 

•• bSiUaaU, ato., K IB 8,UB ao Vd,* 

tSala of Baal EataU (AaherlU*. If. C), $iaUC 

om, ^^ 

IWV-Apia lat-Br Balanoa, Bim* MttHau, IndabMAuaa 

lUadate, ttSMt Si 

tamban aod Ohv^b-lDdebtediiaaa thli date, lB,au 17 

im-Mardi BUt-Br Oaah paid to dan : 

Aoommt Samt Jftoiniu, - . - . Bn,8TS <1 S88B,ni 01 

■■ SNCMtoKoK. 1^4 M 


■Apdl IM— Br BaianM, ladabtwlneaa thli data, - 9W,W1 33 ■ 
■anh Slat-^ Oaab paid to data^- S3,Sn W 01,874 U 

tBr InTsatmlni, P 

TfiiSiiriaa, --.--■ tUl.Ul 78 '" 

Bpaolal, aa da^nated bj donora, - SIS ra 
AraAara aod Obv*>* (ioaladlnf onoa Salarlai 

PilBtliis,BtatlaDeiT,ate.,amoBiitliutof8,BBB.4T),«l,aST ffl 

^saa tm Baal Batata, n fl 

Intamat on bonowad moo^, ajoe M fsn,!!* n 

Oomapoodlnc Baarattoiaa, - $18^000 OO 

Traaaarar, ..... 4^ oo 

Baaordlng Saotetaiy, 1,000 00 

Oerfca, .---.-- 5^aa> n 

TtavAngKxpaiuaa, MB 01 »4I1 " 

.or, alaanlof, fnal, ate., - 1,W0 84 y08l 

Pribtlnfi and Bladlag Annoal Bapon bat raar, - (l,7«t ts 
Printing and Stationer;, . . . , ],gn ST 

Aa Qnuoli at Bone and Abroad, 



OcJIatant Inhailtw 

Hotna Xladoni Indabtadnaaa, 
Maw Totk BynodtMl Aid Fond 

Indabtodnaaa, « Jff W 

LaM Balanoa In Teaohata and Chapala, 18,(08 n 

•MeSM.NplBOadtothearadlloI M. V. BrBodtMri Aid Rugd. 
t Parnhaaa monaj mattfgt m,ra.OD. 

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FBBXANBNT FUNV8. tke Ibmhs oalj to b« wed. 

UmtM BUtoi QonnDWnt BooiU. |a(,n» 00 

Ns* Tcnfc Cttr BoBdB, 8,000 00 

Bsnda and K DitaM«> 1,000 00 

Tta John C. Qnm Fond, iaO.«)0 OH 

Eqnttabto Qam LWt Oo. Bonds, 87,000 00 

Oalaa PboUo B. B. Bond*, "'--' — Bniuh (d 

UaaMfl Boad. Memphla. Ttaa. (donmd), US 00 

Pauka7lmiUB.B.Bondl(4MP*lMnt.}, «7,OaO 00 

TownAIpB. B.Bondi(be<|nwtbM), 1,000 00 

LoDlH B. Qn«n Xamorial Fniid. TJXXt 00 

CanooV. AdAmaFond, tJHO » 

CwttOoato of Dapoilt— Cnitnl Tnut Co., N. T., - l/MO IT 

¥MillMii BuUns Co. gdoiuUd}, ^,000 00 

■-*■ r~"- BoDhw Kin Btook (Pai Vain* S»,O0a^ wmliul nlna). 

TBinrr PUHDS, tha IsooiDa from irUeb U M l» raoatrtd br tba donon 
dortoc thalr Htm : 

Be* TaA Ottr Bond*, tIMO 00 

Praiu]>tmil«B.B.BaDdi(4Wp»iMiit.), 1,000 00 

Iqidtabla Qm U^ Oa Bonds, UMO OO 

Tovsatip B. B. Boads, 4,00» 00 

LoM oo BmI btato, ... .... SJUO 00 

■t Co., K. T., . ' 1«,000 00 

TovwUp B B. Bond* (bH|iiwtlwd), 9 0,000 00 

Ba>dudHOTt«ma(Aib*Tll]e, M. C). TTJUO 00 

BKAL JB8TATB— PiHbTtsriui Hoiua, onsluK IntenM la th* prapertf. twtthBut aorsai 
at ruth Avaniu and TveUtta UtTMt, Maw Toik Oltr. 

O. D. BATON, TVaotww. 

rkt aadirtigiHd totUg tganUitta Cl< iMwiiait, uUl UU witaUrf, i/ O. D. KAtOM. TWo*- 

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YEAR 1890-91. 

ldwvdH.Brabakw,BiickBn1Ua,Fa.. ■. • 

»fco,-A.P.B." 1 

Mn.S. 9. Hoban 5 

Bn. DaTld Otark. O^ana, ID 

Ma C. Wlfk, Yovaguomo, OUa GO 

noa.OMliiu,Bi.Pnii,'Minn.!i!:!!:!i!!: S 
MSm Emit; C. Outlm., Hontrow, Pa. . . . 
Soeian of ■■qoln, Laiw llwaloclcnl Sam- 
tMUT, Olmivutl, OU* I 

x.T.« a 

Woodtreak Ittirfm Bud, Rm York 

TUte Honer and eootoDU oT MIM OheM. . . 

BnotaHajn.SmanU.S.J . 

J. K. Bmtb, Sebdl CM*, Ho 

Hba CaptuOa Oon^ OmIui. bd 

B«T. B. C. Hsmrd, TonD, Tax 

Kn. D. R. Taraaj, cmiaTlhe.OUo. 10 

HIM Mabel BUde, Briek Cbaitk, K.J W 

-Chulla" 8 

■n. W. 9. Ladd, PaTUaud. One 7 

Kn. THektaaon iDd daiwbUra 1 

-m«Qd*" so 

Mlaa Fanda DaDar. SpanUi Fftt, Uuh. . . 

Ba>. M. Oobb, WuUiklOB, D. O » 

Mn. Waiaon, Btmln^un, Pa 


"C.ti. P.,"Aiiorta,l>ret. i 

StmMj or Utetonarr InaiiIrT, 
SNUDaiT. Aabm. M. ¥ 

_N.J « 

WoL Scknnmi, Eeane>, Rab ( 

TW*. L. Vui NMdan, Saw Yirt City K 

-Mia. If. CM." loo 

B— a K. WaUiai, HaneUtea, Obta 1 

BWT Bobvlaon, IWado, Ohto « 

NIaaWlilUD«.Nsirrork E 

HIaa Calphaiioa A. HaTBion, BUtoaUmis, 


Ananwaa, Laimn Pa.. IE 

nilott T. Bbapard. Haw Tort « 

J. D. Ifna^^daddonflald, 9 . J M 

Si.St^&gStT,BaattoJI.T... BE 

Rot. WIII&C. GaTlord, Bockaater, H. T. . E 

Cfaaa.G.WUaaD,ItoKBIU,Fla IC 

-8.B.- ( 

Boi to, Sparta, U IC 

r. W. Tan Wagaoan, Wubliulon, D, C... ac 
;ckaiM«rjuiyrT? ,^77 i 

Uti-Urna Piiaf»i'hnmnnK'ia'.'.'.'.'.'... 71 

Mka Kau CoDMoA, Pana. Dl 

Mn. Calkarlne Craig, Lima Sprinfa, Iowa, 1 
Alex. H. MaiOovan, Capl. Twelfth V. B. 

labour, Fort SBliy,B.b I( 

K. Doat, UroDla, Ind IE 

Lora M. Gen. HaDatead. Pa I 

Wai.H.PviloiiH,UD.Ba(Uarlwr,N.T., I 

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Cn«ragalbMon(a(aman,ChrlMlan Union, 

"A Friend," MaHne Mty (S H 

8. 9. or Blddla nnlrentflj, N. C 7 « 

He*. W. 8. Natoon.Brria 4 U 

BeT.B.P.Can(>n,D.D..9oaU»Dd,9.D... 10 M 

Kn. P. LeeDhoiue SOI 

T, L. Harriwn, New rork , 10 OC 

Dl, KUK Atbland, Wl* B M 

Cmmown Donor S N 

B. Paol, Hew York M TI 

A mend, LaocaMar, Pa. SO CM 

Hn, Edward Bigelow. FaimlnRdale, N. J„ M 
Rot. Dr. and Iba. Geo. Kraaoaa, Carllala, 
^^Pa ^ .,, WW 

Mn.'C.'u! KeilogE^ Eiheffleid,' Maia', '.'.'.'.'.'.'. S OC 

8. U. WHlard, New York 16 « 

A Friaad or Mlaakmi In WaaUnHoa Co., 

N.T *6M 

Ulu ManC. Ba 

Mary B. Wbealu, 

Bodetr or Inqntr*, Union 

lnarT,Maw Totk 

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Mkn E. L Keje s OO 

"A.C.Q." S0« 

"X. Y.Z," |«O0 

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" A thank olfcrtlg tofMlMlDga raeelTeJ.". . SB OC 

"C. PenoBTlTaila." 14 OC 

Bar. W, M. and B. H. Donaldaan, Haulan, 

Minn., BlrtbdaTOIHlDa 9H 

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Ulu Sopkia D. Hat^ AlEiaar, M. T II 0( 

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Teiai , SS OC 

It. E, Drake, Broetuorl, N. Y s oC 

BeT. and Mr>. B. L^ree, Pania W M 

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"C. Penniilranla.'' H OC 

Mn. C. A, Taflor, Ofdea, HI 8 OC 

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Jamea OUrer, arajBTllte, Pa » oc 

Friend In PhftadelpWa, Pa E OC 

" Mr. and Mn, a.r IE OC 

W. J, Blain and Fkmlif lo 00 

" QermulowD ". 100 01 

J. W. Parka, Hnnnewall, Kan X K 

Bar. R, Tijlor,D.D.,Betarl7, N. J IG 00 

^ In Hemorlam " .. SC OC 

John B. Jooaa. Tarn Alia, Wail Ta GO OC 

Chaa. «. Wltaon. RoaeHUi, Fta S OC 

Joa. D, Mralm, Delta. Pa 6 OC 

ReT «. A. Hoflbii, Korea 10 oC 

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Trtaad," Hamiwiaad, B. D 100 

Hn. HeleuD. Ullli,TaakbuinD«k, Pa.... tfi OS 
J. a. Sblpoun, BalTtdna, N, J., thank 

F. W. VMi'Waj 

" A beUerar In Bodm HlaUona." ISOU 00 

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Wm. Bohramra, Esaner. Hab. 

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iwiDBj DommKn, i^ouasD, ui ij w 

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J. A, Porwr, BrooUyn, Hloh 100 00 

B, W. Berapio, B*wlek|T, Pa » 00 

BoT. W. H. J<nn,I>.l>.,AUaBban;, Pa... WOO 
Frank L. JanwiT. Now BreuwIok.N. J. .770 M 
S*T. J. Edvaidi. D.D.. L.L.D„ HwItDIo, 

Bar. fi. Frama, Chicago, m... 

JeUi HomptarcT. AdrUu, Hloh 1 

Un. Jaj U. Long and daugtiMn, Ollre and 

Un. Jane H.AniUB,UDniT«a^Ho^!!!!!" 

nodlaj, H.D., J , . 

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t J»j BrooB, Naw York K 00 

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HtaU. BiBiBBD,PUlna^N.J. SO 00 

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V.C. NalBD, LMtl,Ku U 

E. C. Wtiika< Moont Jdt. Pm 40 00 

Jotaa. L>le,HawT«k KOO 00 

"A. iBd C. oalc," lava. I 00 

IIn.l(,T.I>BTl>, Psts^bar■.Iflell.,Chrls(- 
IIHaa>rlu 10 00 

Sunod L. erMDlnii; Nair Tork CllT 7G DO 

Hi« CdihHb L. Ui>7<1, Rilalsta, S. C. 

'■HewYaut," ,, 8 00 

-A Widows Mlla." 10 W 

Kit. KUu Blgn, D.D., OouUDtlBopU, 

TnrkBT SO 00 

tew. R. CrmlKhBwl. D.D., MMdvIll*. Pa. , .100 00 

Fllaidi, a«ineU«r, Pa BOO 

B«T.A. a. TkTior, OMks IB OO 

L P. TlbbakTlIav ITork CIlT- 10 00 

A.ILL«>A,Ctimllenfs umi, Cil 10 00 

Mn. L. K. KsMonn, rocbaMown, Ol S BO 

Bgad* P. L«c, Wuh BOD 

J. S. ffaBwia, Wub am 

"C.. Poui^Taiil*-'' .. 
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Strugs, Buue ivftued. 

HhTH- D. Wud, AftoD.N. J 10 00 

A_D. UsBrtdc, BoahaMu', N.T 100 M 

Mn. H. E. HarrtncloD, CohUDbiia, OWo.. . E M 

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Wed. Adrtanoe, PoDKiikMip>la, N. T 10 00 

JotaB War. Jr.. SawlaklaT, Pa 100 00 

-■ForCamnt Szpguea, 3. C P." 100 00 

Oaa. A. Stnnc, NewTockOUr 100 00 

"H.DM." 10000 

Kn. Blla C. HelleD, Sprlimtald, ObiB i OO 

MI«L.IdaLli>T<l,iuigella, N. T 1 00 

"FmaaWUow." 1 oo 

"nteBdjPsBDB^TanU 1000 00 

Mn. S. SMBg. PeskakUl. N. Y «S 00 

lOai llollta ClonsDta, lutUui Tntntns 

Stkool, AUraqnarqiw, N. Uai 10 oO 

■n. Umt J. OAmw, Sliln, Fa . ... n eo 

'A Frl<^ oTHIaatiHi In Waiklulan C».''. K oO 

KtoLMTA. UUakell,ElkOreak,Oal lo 00 

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M. W. Ijon, N. T BO 00 

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FrKBd, Ackler, loin 100 00 

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Jaka If anbew, AwlenoD, lad IB 00 

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Mn. H«uT J. BUdle, PkitodslpUa, Pa. . . . 100 W 

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Mn. L. L. BDardnUB. Trraa, H. C 1 00 

OluHL Krbe, OalMia, Dl 10 00 

Bar. £. W. MaSowcU. Hoaal, Tartar 10 00 

PnalnlerlaoCbDrahofBaliU,BniU 10 00 

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Bar. andHn.J. W. IlH,Laka01tT,Mlnn. 10 00 
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Alaxandac MUna, New Twk OI>r 100 00 

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"APrlend." |0 00 

ladlui Tnlnluc Sahoal, Albnqnarque, 

N.Mai,....^ !7.. ... BOO 

Hn. Saiah B. Calluan. OnoBallnllla, Pa., tS 00 

Bar. Wandell Prima, D.D., Maw Yoit JOO 00 

"B. 8. B.,"Hill»delplil« EDO 

H. V. D. fiaed, Amenla Union, H. Y fi 00 

Bar. ud Un. J. B. Bmlth, Cioekau, Tex., IB 00 

"0, A, S. H.". BO 00 

M. U. R«an, An, Nab BOO 

Friend. La Fori*, Ind IB 00 

Bar. W. W. Aliartarr, D.D., Naw York, .. BO 00 

Un. Cynu Dlekton aoo 00 

"From a Widow.". B 01 

"G. r.A." 17 oe 

From Home Friend*. BO OO 

Mn. T. M. Sinclair, PhlladelFliU, Pa. BOO 00 

Ber. K. Artbor, Wblle OItT, Eu., " tUbe." U 

Mn. B. U. Hoaidlar. En«]e«ood, N. J 100 00 

Valler UgQueen, Sahenaeiadr, N. Y 100 OO 

"C.'-NbwTmIi 14 00 

V. M. OIjpbaDt, New Yoifc CIlT IB 00 

J, I. Bob, Wukea Baira, Pa S OC 

••L.P.8." lOOOO 

Wm. M. FlndlBT.M.O.. AKooaa-Pa 10 OC 

Dr. J. B. WlUlaiaa, WUklubnif. Pa. 1 00 

8. NewioB Smllh, Now York IB 00 

Htudeals' MlHlDnirjr Ai«>d«IIon of Mo- 
Connlck TUaoloElcal Seralnarr, OUean. 

Ill :....!T;i4oii 

Mn. C. Klrkpalrick, Kaota, la. - GO 

"A Prtend.".... BO OC 

B. F. Fall, Qalena, 111 100 00 

Ibrr Tanee, RoBa, Oa 10 OC 

Mn.IaabdlePaBeroT,FalrTlew, ff. Ta... 1 OC 

KeT.J.8. PonuTOj,Fa1r>lew, W, Ya IOC 

AUeatown, Pa TOO 

Hi*. Jane M. AndeiMn,BellBln.Ohlo.... to OC 
Mn. LIule B. Woodbrldge, Ballaira, Oblo, 10 OO 

■• Boi IJO, Cbe««r, m." 10 OC 

"A Friend." GOO OO 

MluB(MaS(aaan*,Tuooia,Wad>, GOO 

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Jat.HoU*ad, BHscr*! Penr, Idaho 

Opt. A, B. Moeons.TvelfQi V. B. Inha- 

trj, FortSBlli, 9. D 10 00 

Mtal-.T, Oee,NBphl,Ulrt " " 

"L.," Moiilrose,Pl _ _. 

■tin* Nertill. UUau P« W 00 

3m. TbompHn, O^e, P« 1* 00 

UlM ir. H*m11IDti, FblUdelphU, Pn 10 00 

B. Do Will. Elrrli^Wo SO 00 

Ttaoa. TsmpleloD, Chlouo, III SGO 00 

" A FrIeDd In Prlooeton?' SOO 00 

"M. B," 6 00 

A. C. UeCatdien, HuTirtll*, P* 80 00 

T. W. DDBBtaw, MMdletown, N. T £00 

DiTid Jaoki, Honurn, Cai IMG 00 

"A rrfud." MOO 

Frload, Onaa Oore Sninn, Fl*. 00 00 

- Bewlrr oT Iha Nmr TnrE Obaanw." 10 

J. D. TMiiipaoa,BMtIjDa Aiwe1«*,Cal...lBaa 00 
Bar. F. A. UMlairandvtta, Annata,!!!,. 10 00 

Wflmer Wawoat, WUUuDMowB, tr. J S 00 

Un. A. B. UoF irlaiid, Hannah, Alalia. ... 10 00 

Alazandar Gnr, Oibrd. Ohki 100 00 

IfbaD. J. SulTird, Wubmrtoa, Mo e 00 

'■CaduH," aOOO 

R<T. T J. Sbeptiwd, D.D., CHeDWood, Hri. K 00 

A Fiiead, AUorla. One »0 00 

Harrr Holoblaiin, Falla Creok.... 5 00 

'■O.PBniiairlTMla." H 00 

Bar. I. N. SpraKue, D.D 10 00 

Iaab«lia HH3nMD, HtAiaDMiUlTi IT B Ol^ 

"H.T.F," 10 00 

Mr*. B. 3. Hinb, Waat OuNale, Miob, . . 1 00 

■'Friaadi." MOOD 

8«elT Wood. Crtwiia, Ohio fS 00 

CIUmu of EaraalB, iid. Tar. S 00 

"M. M." BSOO 

B. W. Biiraali, OlndnnaU, Ohio .WOO 

Bar. H. L, Hlltord, BeDDtt, Neb V 00 

JnilaClaTk.Oiioa, III 4 00 

B*T. Lnks Dorland, Hoi Spring!, N. C 6 OO 

Robl. Walkat, Clinton. Ill 90 UO 

Klubetb A. and Banb B. PatUioa, »lng 

aing.N.T... 90O0O 

K. W, Ooaaar, pmladelpbla. Pa £00 

lCn.C.J. King, Halleoj. Cat B 90 

SablwUi-Bofao^otAaSableC)iBara,N.T.. 8 W 

Kn. M. B. Dlglclnaon SOO 

HlH H. A. DIoklDMU G 00 

MtM U. T. mcklnnn SOO 

"Sawlai Uaaklna Ihnnutli Haw Torit 

Obaarrar," 94 M 

"Upparai, Clair, Pa." 16 00 

Jai, B. &llkUl,TraDlDn, N.J 10 00 

W. S. HDblunI, Indlanapullt, Ind B 4G 

RaT. Jd*. Hlareat, D.D. ud ramllj, Jemej 

Sliora.Pa BOO 

Boban k'mitan, Ollveibarg, OUo ISO 00 

J. A. Mlllw, Hurtaborg, Pa,,. BOO 

BInum Taodea, Indlaoapidli, Ind 100 00 

•i. 0. i 

. WaitalBCton. Pa SO OO 

Mra. H. U. Lanier, New York 100 00 

lOaalf , J. Mllaa, Draaton, Neb 1 00 

J. W. Wvokoft BolTldOTO, N. J BOO 

A Frtead, Brookljn 9 00 

Andrew Bogen. Uammond, N. T 19 DO 

Thningb Rot, F. M. Wood <8 

Bel. John B, 'nutrnpaoD 10 00 

"J. B. G." B OO 

Mra, L, D, Adama, Port Tawitarnd, Walk., 10 OO 

Mn, B, L, l^laurt. New York 10,000 OU 

D, O, Bloaaom, Atoka, lad. Tar S 00 

A Friend, GalMia, lU SO 00 

RCT, .1. Q, Cnti^ead, D.D., Wublngtoo, 

D,C * - -,- WOT 

BCT, *Dil Hr*. B. Boell Lore, IDDpaM, 

Olio 40 OO 

H. B. TomNilu. New Yotk K 00 

BsT, Win, DrunuDDBd, Stone Bank, Wl*. . . GO 

W. B. Aodervni, Jaweu, OUo B 00 

Un.II. C. JameaoD 6 00 

DSTld Ja<ika.Moni«ei, Cal WOO 

Ber.CanvUCaUar.D.D., Charlotte.TI.C.. 5 00 

Wai Alice L. Hnlbnrd. Bockflird, III IS 00 

H. Onanwood. 9>n FnuMiaoo, C«l 910 00 

O. r. Harper, Sldnej, N, T BOO 

"A nrianJi" par J. L. Scon, D.D XS 00 

CliBa.9. Wll«iaandwlfe,Bi>ae Hi1t,FlB... GOO 

.lane L. Park, ThompBOBTiDo, Pa 10 00 

Eei. W. B. CaiT, LUroba, Pa .,,8500 

"AFWend.",, 10 DO 

Ksv. Q. Koblnoni, Fl. D«Tia,Tu 16 GO 

"APrlend." .. WOO 

Rer. Bobt. OolinMn, Albaqnarqno, N. Vex. 10 00 

Bar, J, H, Edwardi 10 00 

Bbt.B.C. Swank, "TlUio." 6 00 

Mr. Donglai, N. J, BO 00 

Traaf B. Orlnio1d,Blniira.N. T 100 

UaryK. Y VB 00 

Friend, Kamllle, Utah 10 00 

Mn. Jacqaei, Nanaa, N. T 1 00 

"No Name." SOO 

" C. PannaTlfiiiila 14 00 

MlaiTIUteA. Odj, 8anLala,Col It OO 

Mlea a. O. WblUmui, Salt Lake Cllf « EO 

Mrs. K. M. B..AIIkot.>'. T 10 00 

Mlat B, If, E., Albanr, N. T 10 W 

■■C.H.,"M.,N,J 7 80 

Peter Cameroo, Honlidale, Pa SB 00 

Chai. s^troaR, Bew York S 00 

Mra. E. B. Bobblna, Freawaler, Oiw 1 00 

"D.D." BOO 

Htsi Ella F. Peak, Cal SOO 

Un, Annie HarKf, Cal SB 00 

"D. B. H." 10 OT 

Mra, Karr B. Sobanam, Oal S OO 

Be>. J. L. Stoat, D.D IS OT 

t«,T14 1> 

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DEBT OF 1889-90. 

R«. W. B. CbMDterUn, Co»ttI11b, Kan. . 1 

Bar. J. HutlH, HHtlBfton, Mab , [ 

Bm. H. Kahprtn, SL AuMtbu, ri> IC 

Hn-HurK JoluMtoa,Ci)buHia, Pi E 

Kn.-'C. D.a." S 

8«. ILA. WUIIuiu,UaiUacd,Onff 1( 

Mn. J. B. BiUar, UendoU, HI . , tiC 

B. M. BoBiiMm, TroT, N. r S 

■'OtnnaiUffn.PUladelplilK.pB IK 

-T.H, W- i 

Rn. H. S. FajBe.AUmiitK.Ga t 

K0t. W.CnaJatag.'Wt.veiljiMa.. ..'..'.v.. t 

Mn. F. K. BdU«, UUniT, I^ C 

Be*. W. A. Nile* ni wlb, Blogtui' 

t».H.T V;....T? « 

■•ArriMd." M 

C. A. a. Hannl, Lana*. N. Htx. 1 

"RlgUHud." It 

Wn. K. Dodn Haw Totk KK 

"frlBDj" I 

-TMkaBoi" DC 

Mr. indHn.J. 0. Lou. I 

J«bhH. Ham,Bn>ok^, B. T IS 

-J."...- I 

M^mi fHinrnh ■! Mintlrnlln Art 

"A Tlaok oArinc Kir MMilnp nccltad.". n 

I. B. DaTldMm, HevrUla, Pi C 

W. F. WfllMB, ImlDB, Ohki ( 

Bn. J. T. Bii«h«. Shawano, Wli. < 

A. Cnlg, Line Sprlon. loin 1 

Bar. A. L. Iddv andirlfs, Sonrood, MaiL 1( 
[. M. Com at Nevtoirii ctiarcti, CTawfOrd- 

TfUe PrBabTMiT ( 

Bw. J. T. LapJaj, P.P. aad wife E 

Bot. r. U. EUoU, Ooasord, Ulob 1 

Un. W. a. Bdwardi ud fUollT, PMa- 

flaw.IU i 

Hn.E.e.PlBn^Gowan<la,N. T 1 

tor. M. A. BanUD, SuiDK HUl. Kan i 

Un.B.B.WUIIaiiia,J^3eD,t). Y E 

llia.8. D. Wkalei, BlYttbead. N. T It 

E&r. S. A. Nalwn, D.D., FhllMlalphU, F*. X 

Ilia. IL I. Oslcle;. DofdMlar, Uaa t 

B«. H. T. sSn. B. SprlnMKOd. N. < ... '• 

-B.8.M,"eaiUBTllla,lll ( 

I(fa.llanliaA. QrabaiB,Arkw,>r. X S 

Bot. BdvtB P. BoUuDB, OnOuid Pufc, 

H.T ( 

■ ■ -■ 1*." X 

boUi. BnUar, Pa )I 

J-fcla." E 

eTMwn, UoLmn, It) 1 

■la. a. n. iioLaaa. B*> Aaioiila, Tax II 

JilbOlaA, Orion, n i 

B«T.aBdlIn.LoiU*P.HBi;Plnribtd, U.T. IC 

-Cal^Oraa, <Wo." 

Itr. aiJ Kn. Wm. J. Edward! IE 

BCT. Bm* F. Ba«r, Oiwn, Ol t 

B«T. C. B. Rnnnt, ChaDoM MHIa, Cal. . . 1 

A Prtod la PAnMtoD, N. J. UK 

W. L Hapbnn, Sloai CUr.Iova U 

B«.R»id,ailJtonila.. i 

J. D. Moadnnii and tamllT U 

0. A. OniB«r, H mla VMa, CoL i 

HiB. ElUoll P. Bhafiald, Naw York CHj . . .JDO 00 

FiotaaMmd. 11)0 00 

Bar, John Bniiah, Wbltchall. Ill E 00 

Bar. E. C. HaakelL, Brokmi Bow. It 00 

-AhmllToflllUacUldran," G 00 

" Cedar Eaplda." Ka 00 

Thomaa A. OraUh, Omalia, Neb M 00 

"A MlnlUaT'i mdow." a 00 

W. P. Nicliola*, Kaoknk, Iowa 1 SB 

Be*. E.P. WUlard,CaTDaa,N, Y BOO 

BeT. v. B. Ckamlwrlld. Uonjrllle, Kan. . 1 SO 
Hn. A. L. BonwL ICl. Plcaaaat, tTUh ... » flO 

Tha Htaaa Clark. Rldilleld Sprlnca K 00 

Bot. OhuH. Walkw, OkUt>nwigo.N. T.. ISO 
BeT. J. H. CarmloUal, Nimda, H^ T . . . 10 00 
lira. B. M. Bhotwall, '■MnladarftiBd."... i 00 

'-Mooldalr.H.J." 4 00 

HiB Han S. NatKn, Fblladelphla. Fa 6 00 

L. L. Boanteui, TiToa 0*9. MO (00 

■■Mr. and Un. a. W STB 00 

"A Brooklra Ladr" 10 00 

UtiaJ.J.Carpealer, Saratoga, IT. T S SO 

Bar. JameaB. Boblnun, Boalhport.N. Y. E 00 

NMteDlelBo«,Wi«kln(loDTlUe,N.T BOO 

Bar. Jool Seanedj, Ua^on, Iowa a BO 

iiiMS. J. viuom AtM^fi'.'.. 

"~- " " CarTjI.atnlie,Pa.,.. 

_. D. Nandaln, j<'< 
Bar.T. W. andSo 

r. Wm. MIIoIhU, BoHelh'ltle.OUo... 
.," Uooalck Falli, N. Y 

B. «. PnMldBl. HelrtLatown, N. J. . ,. 


Bar. J. a. NUaaaod ilutir 


Klaa Oomalla U. HalMf, Mswark, fi. J .... I 

■■Mn.B." 1 

John Howall. Naw Oambrla, Ho 

CbaCatra Hogtaaa, " 

'■ Iihaeaiir. T." 

UnTBTV. B. HUdraULOoldwaMr, HIsh.. 
lira, and >IlBPIanon,Warwkik,N.T. .. 
Bar. W. W. AUwbuijr. D.D. . . 

a, III, . 


Un. £. E. BeoTell, Lawtnown, N . ■ 

Bar. E. P. Itafaliuaa,OniltardPaik.N. T.. 1 

Un.K.S.Uanh. Weal CarlUle, Web 


R«T. J, U. WUUnok, Laa Tetai, N. MnL,. 
TwoiMeraorAlbauTFn*TU>7 1< 

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ST. J. 1 

3. D. Coopv, Tajiar, Taw 

Hra. H. NVL*BiM,'liMMt«,'oUo.'.'. 
I' B. B. a„" WUkertiMTii, Pm 

A Prmd, KM(iMt«ri H- t! ! ! I ! ! '. ! ! ' ! 

"A. HoDW UliakmUT (Dil «U>.*> 

I£t. ud Un. J. O. CUdwril 

" TUha," WelllBCtod, Ktn , 
Hln L. W. ud Mn. £._._ 

Win M. ^ Oort, HVnD<,'uuk'. 

Mn. H. B. I>mi> 

J. e. Tldlnll, Hpokua r«ll*, 


BntoklTD, N. 

I. BrDftaU) 

BsT, W. J. ThompaaD. 

Friend, Wllmlnition, VbI.'.'.'.. '.'.'.'..' V,.' 
Mlv Mu7 U. Broonifl, Taaomft, WMfa . . 
Hinha PUMWO, Bta Fnndiso, ClL. . . 

Kbt. HeuT Kdnlo, FkirtdL 

ttn.'-M.B.T.^Bfooklni.M. T. 

A FriiDd, BnxriilTii, H. T. 

Wd. J. Bdwtrrte, roodntoa, Ofak> 

BaT. H. a Dra. fllerilw, H<b 

Mn. Jobs Kalluid, FlmaniiB, HIA 

BeT. Joai^ PUdI, OlUbe, Km 


Tlia HlHaa WUIard, Aobnn, N. T 

"Utah for DaK" 

J. B. Bdnrdt, N*w Turk Ctlj 

Hn. Bar. C. L. BartncUia 

'■A «llsadtaUM Board!.'* 

Mn. Bar. R H. Hooka, Oakci*,N. IMk... . 


IOn BaUla S. Halhea, Naw Tean -nuBl 

-J. L.t"! !!'!;!!!!!!"!!'!!!!!!!;!!; !i!!! 



Mn. Bell, ekuHUk^ N. T 

B«r. J. H»wkM,Eo*Tilii',Ind',V.'.."!'"!! 

A Frtaad, MuUioii. WU 

B«T. andlln.J.W. BUIn,BB«uea,N.T. 

BaT, J. C. 3l>apaid.«o(d*a(ntr,II* 

Hln LIda A. Aiba, Wheelock, lad. T«T. . . 


B, U. Boagbkni, TrOT, N. T., Ulba 

Wm. M. F&dle]', H.O., Alioona, Pa 

ICIu J. ud T. Sweia;, Puuu, K. T 

Benn W. AiBTT, BelTtdere, ni 

nei Watan, Oaveco, N. ¥ ] 

Fo Nania." *5 

ln.H." M 

t. D. A. WalLaw, Poallao, 111 

tn.ll. W." I 

. and Mn. Artbui H. Xa|^ Nawarii, 

0. w! coweotii riartoD," Pa! ! ! ! ! ; ! 

^Fla. , 

"WmtOD, the wldoir'* mile." « M 

"A Frland." BO 00 

Mn. Man Montford, BnOUa, Pa WOO 

JobD P. Hamlllou, yUmfOfd, Coon GO 00 

" A frlsDd of Hlia[ona». a 00 

H«». H. P. fiaraoB 10 00 

Hn. L. L. Arahlbald and mother, Point 

Arena, CjI 10 00 

Bar. John Bnueb, White Ball, in 1 00 

Mn. Marr ?. Mllla, BUaofe, Or«c S 00 

Friaad. tioireniwir, N. T. . 1 00 

Mte La«7 B. Porter, Hpaalah Fort, Ulab. . 10 00 

Lera, Oiwago, N 
Sbepard, Ho. . 

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Digitized by Google 





ENDING MARCH 31, 1891. 






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HoMb OntBa"\'.\V^'.. '.'.'.'.'.'.'.','.'.'. 










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AcKTsa, TKAxqciuNa.. . 


AdamBiJomfh M 


AiuBa.Bauai L 

Adamm, Rob»t K., D.D. 

Adas*, Boluh L 

Aixua. Wm. K. 

Aluuoht. Hk»t f 

■Aldbk, QnruvusS 

■Auiuoa, BtkoN L 

Alexuidsb, Fkake M.. . 

Ausa. Dtra B 

Au^B, David H 

Allcv. rBOtaBIOE K. . . ■ 
Ali.k«, Jobh F 

•AlJXT. rasoBBicS 

AixaiH, Wa. A 

amblbc t«<1«. a 

Am^boob. Datid B 

AaLova. Jao. L. 

Amswon, Juns li' . . . . 
AniBKaoH. SAMm. R^. . . 
•AnuaoH, WnxuM.. .. 

■AwDkzwm. Nath'L B 

AiDBsn. BahvCL 

Aaoiu iUa. D 

AmB.JoBif A 

ABMnrTBogr. Taos. 8... 



ABBBnoMO, Cnitrs C . . . 

ABBBfBOVa, Cha b- W.. . . 

ABMnBuiia. Sauaob 


AunrBONO, Tao>AB C 


B. Dkk. 

iodUal UiuianuT. ..'. '.'.'.'..'.'.'.. Klnn! 
...irSbaniD, UlKhton udOUTet .Iowk 

IdOOtK, RedlDBtOD Uld BdttlOll*, 

ud UUoA ud Tunon Nab. 

Dnjton N. Dak. 

Dexter aad "—"■■" Iowa. 

Oiford, « Pa, 

Beymaur, Tbraokmortoo, Anher 

City and Jtatkin ,.Tbi. 

aalniniiie Fla. 

Boqnlam. Waah. 

""nibyatHini and CarMiafllle IIL 

ihaTlTaala, Boab Cr««fc and 

Mt. VtotoTT Ohio. 

BbertoD and ftoaalla. Waili. 

Vluita, Fheaaaot BUI * Atton ..lad. Tar. 

If Iddle laland and Selden N.T. 

CaoadaTille and itatlraiB lad. Tar. 



Caaa CItT and BriH. 

HotSpniinaDd itatlona B. Dak. 

"~in ud aUtlan M. Y. 

. r:.,)^ u,d BIk Pnlile. Ko. 

id Fetton Dal. 

LlbertjTUIe. Half Say and ■UtloDa.IlL 


Bt. J« 


, and Row 

Caatle Ohl 

Mnea Ctty, lloDt. and La Orande., On^ 

Lsta'city. ifei 

AlbnqDerque. M Spanlab. 
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w "■<"'■ ^'"^ h- 

Edmond, Deer Creek. Paul's V^ley. 
Norman, White Bead Hill. 
Wynne Wood, Aidmore and 

stations -. Ind.Tor. 

Northwood. Orant. Ohio « sta'n . .N. Y 
Bltka,lstriidThllnket Al«k». 


•AiUMsoH Tgoiue 


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Pnitton"'.. '.'.'...'.'.'.'.'.'.'.. '.'.'.'.'.'.'. 

Ulladale ui'd*sUtioD".'.V.'.'.'.V. 
North Park Ctronlt 


Laurel and HarlpoHa 

Sedan. Wauneta, Dexter A Eatt 

Walker and Rowley 

Grand RlTer.Dlsgonal & Hope* 

UL«^ TUBKBK S.; 'D.'bV. . - 


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Beuvelton, iBt 

Ban Antonio. Hadlsoo Square 

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Bobe City, 1st, and stations. . 

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D^llJ and SstatioiaV.... v.. '.■.:: 

NawHiTllle and stations 

Dolontown. Blohland. Klmbal 

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31 4 





Hookf ort and statlonii^and Wrtir- 

TlUe and stations Wash, 

Uanllus N. ?. 

Bbrcbih, Johk E 




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BCLTILLK, gUl'l. R... 

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Bmww. HoUBK H... 

BsmoH, K>o> 

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Bkktokd, Lbti F 

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Buu,TH(ie.E., D.D. 

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Bomuv, TtAxm... 

Bam, BoviKT P.... 



*B(FTI^W«. L 

Bomt, ilMWB Wm., . 

Bucuv. Thbo 


Kngle ind Bl Hon) 

H^le Onek asd BtktloDB Oteg. B 

Carrie, Cottonvood, Home. Jcaper, 

LakaflaU, Ao Ulnn 

HoWreaa Neb, K 

Wahoo and aUUon . , . u-,. o 

Chlcaco. Colondo Ave 

Pine Ul^ and Bnab Cl^j i 

wmiamaTUie. Union iind nstloDi 
.aianTllle and Ht . Fleaaant. Der. . . 

Chloago, iBtGer 

lAnoka HlesiOD ud TtcloltT. .. 
iQllby ar-" — •— 

t. Hlaalon.. 

^ , Ohio. 

CooDD. Zlon. and Btatlon lovi 

doUfthwalle. Kllbam. BIpe Sprlnn. 

Feoui VslleT and atalloni Tei 

Bdwln. Coolldce, Kendall A sta'ng. . Kai 

CalTMT Waal 

BnwklTn, BeOi»ny N.l. . 

Kampa Idaho, 8 

Konie, Eellei' A Bland Jnnotlon . . Wis. S 

Pierre 8. Dak. B 

BrfdnvUle, Del., A FedaialabnrB. .Hd 

Beading Mich, S 

"aikatoD, Union Centre and nation 

and HumoDT 8, Dak, S 


Hrrom and UlllTllle. , . 


. ,, Minn, S 
.,N, Dak, 8 

CaldweU uid (t 
Haolfcowoc - -,- 

..Utali, S 
. Iowa, e 

tlon 8, Dak, 6 

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A Btatton . Vaah, B 
la&sta>nB,K,Dak, 8, 

FTHAet and atatloiaa 
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HontpeUer. Paris and Htatlona,. Idaho 

Poniand.4tli OrCR 

Pendleton, lat, Oreg., and Seattle, 

OalTUT Wash 

Barmood and Cereaoo, Neb,, and 

NortoDTllle Kan 

LonlairUle, Ollret Chapel K; 

Burlington Kan 

Down*, Boee V^er. Bo* Creek, 
Logao, Zlon, Wakeaner, Ixms 

lalasd, CelbT and Hoxle Kao 

(«r Neb 

. ineiraukDn and itatlona K, Dat 

BprlDgtown, Kllaap and station, ..Tei 
Bt, Tbomaa, aiav&n A station. H. Dak 

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BBADT.Caia. E 


BBumT, GdbuvD* a.. 

Bkuidt. Johv B 

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LaCreioflDtaDdHiAah. BiDtl. Ij 

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CumtMAM, David T.. 
CAsmrrzK, GsomsB.. 


Caul. Wn.UA> B.... 

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Class, Bbth G 

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IR^ddaaad La Prairie... MlnD. 

Port Tavuamd, )at .Waah. 

Chlllloothe Hamoilal Ohio. 

~Mlbi iDwa. 

'OsibigtoD, eilbert 

—rMitOD lu, 

BnodloU UlBdoiian S. Dak. 

PaolBo. ITnloD ant) Hoaalle Hi 

QleD Bom aod Btatkma Tsi 

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~- - - Ala. 

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Cni-iJit. HiHBV 

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CunmiaBAK. Autx. H 

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D'ABoniT.'Wit. B.Uir.... 
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Dawboh. W. E.... 

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~ ■■■ iBt.. ,... 

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bon and atallon M. Dak. 

Woodbun, Anioi* and BtatlODa..Orwr, 

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and Qenoa Ohio, 

Digitized by Google 




Vmta, Hbvbt S 

DarruKiiraa, Qbo, L. 
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DflLoao, ALiVBBD B.... 

DsLoao, CKAa.B 

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mm, Saoaas H. 

DtB, lAiTMaa B 

Draa. JAaaa 

Ktior, John SaWdsi-. 

■OOTOBM, Jaoob 

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Yo'tkUtwa And Nonrloh 

HonniuDt, Pklnwr Lake * tta,'. 
Vulotu itMloui. 



leaCer. Caddo and Donnt.ii 

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BroolutDD, Meadow Lake and (ta- 

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mun OF usoB. 

raaar Core, Bpibi( Ottr and 
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Glendale and Bur- 

Stcplieiieovn and itatlon 

Ibvlaton and Darbln H 

■"- - Jordan HIeh. 8 

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WloMU. Oak Street. Kan. 

Saoboml^ Union Wash. S 

Brodhead and ■tationa 

LangdoD, nfcwDOd aod ataUoua . N 
Tehama, Klikwood and Tina 


Cedar Bapld*. Bohemian.. l .Iowa. 8. 

Bnah Cltj, Flue CItT and station. Kinn. S 
BllentimrBti '^-— ° 

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La Claire 

' I, CtUmore Cit; and at 

Ht. Folk and Philadelphia. . . 

, .. Jhlo Street 

Btu^li and Pleasant Valley . . 

.8. Dak. e 
N. DatS. 

.. Oreg. 8 

and LewMowu and Pbllbnxik.UoD 
Wheelook aad tMUana tnd. Te 

£iuid, Vttbat and statlom 


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Vienna and Lawmmile Ta. 

Bt. Charles Iowa. 

gS^^/'""' *^ 

Inkete'r, ElbiiW ^ O^nr :M, Dak. 
Caaer and Adair. Iowa. 

SteTsnaTlllo, Tiotor and station . . Hont 

Ban FnnolKw, Central Cal 

Unod Rapids and La Prairie . . . Hlnn 

Crookstoa and station* Ulnn 

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Fort KeuTon aod Fartona Cal 

JaoksoDYiUo. Phoenti and sta- 

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BTCnum,JoRK B 



Sedan a^ WaimeU Kan 

Kansas OitT.ttb, and station Ho 


EnntB, LaoMARD J 

Los Annies. Betbaor Cal 


OUnton and stations Kan. 

Alta.lst Iowa 

BreoBop, BbenosBr'aiidirtatlon"; .Kj 



North PoA and stations Ind. Ter. 

TumsiCo.. 1st Qer 8. Dak 


Baa Pablo Cal 

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Ashler and stations "out. 

Stookbrldfe Indian Wis. 




VLicuiieiB, RoBEwr E 

Fonda and stations ..Iowa. 

FloraandOdln m. 

Selette, Xorth Gair and Sonth 

Galr.. 8. Dak. 

HonntalnHead B. Dak. 


AaboTD and ■tatione Iowa. 

Chieag. Hope and ■■ OnwanI - Mto.^ 


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VmrLim, Jobh B . . 

rusBK.WM.J \' 
n«n.uti>. DtH'L N. . . 

Cutlawoodud lUttoDB a. Dak- a 

traldouid Hawtboine TU- B 

B*rfl«iij,iat wiB-a 

81. PmL Arlington f""- "' — 

OblaBgo. B» Union. . 


leud FrMpon.. .Kan. e 

Hooter and Blaoijurd. . . 

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6UJ.AHZR. John A >muiD»uie, m iBi. n, 

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Boston, Hootoh Uai 

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BonaAX, Wm. B 

BouowAT, ALTBBira B 
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WlDasld and Plwtaant FUti 

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Tipton aiid Centre Orore. . 

Orieuu. Stunfonl and PriaBdahip.Meb. B 
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Wast Pomi Station 

BlgVAU*T,SUlohaiulPreeatone...Cal. B 
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BaMMora, Gnoa ,. 

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. ..liBl. West Union Iowa. 

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C«UlnB(IUe and M 

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Honu., Cbuou J . . . 

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LAiu>,aio. B 

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O'NellL Lambnt, inman, South 
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I^kir and Bafle Pan. Tex. 

Bl^ Springs. Psaan Valley Ai4 Ma**, . Pa. 

Prsderlok. Oneota and iCa'ni,. .B. Dak. 

itrille K.r. 

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KwtODTlUa, Tabla Book ud ^mOoiL, 

— ' ' -- '-' — H uid I« Junta. ,CoL B, 


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N. rDodnHamorlalaiidMatlon.N.T. 
Bdiiani£ Mt. View, Gluiwood A 

■tattoo. N.Itek.B 

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■"xauosket 8. Dak. B. 

lahoma CltT, lit Ok. Tar " 

iipaDt, AndOTer, BoStOD aod ita- 

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Portlud, Bt. JohD'a Orag. 1 

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BlUatHirD and KalM M. Oak, B 

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PaaPa TaUar, Vrnne Wood, Wblta 

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.<)a'nuaaBditallou....B.H«K. I 

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Piatt, AbumA 

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rrabrtartal HlMhuurr. OUo. 

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Your Committee feel that there is no more important snbjeot claiming the serious 
and prajerfal attention of the Auembly than that whion we now present; not 
merely booauae of the finanoial interests involved, nor yet beosose of the neoeBsitr 
of the work itaelf for the preeerration and eileniiioa of righteous 

but espedallj beoaose of its relation to the life of the Chomh. The vig'"' °^ fiuti 
lot only measured by obedienoe, but determined by obedienoe. "Iba work of 
IS holds the secret of the apiritaalily of tho Ohoroh, and spirituality will 

throw oft threatening evils as a healthy body throws off a oold. "Walk 

Spirit, and ye ghall not fulfill the lusts of the flesh. Now the works of the flesh 
are manifest, which are these: wrath, atrifes, seditions, heresies, but the fmit of 
the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, 
temperance." For its own sake, therefore, as well as for uie sake of the perishing, 
the Chnrch needs a great nussionaTy awakening. This oonTiatitm gives emphatds 
to the report we now present. 

It is neaessary fiiat of aU to get clearly before us the work to whioh we are 
called in this land. It is to be leafed that many have no just oonoeption of its 
extent and variety. The mere reading of the *"""«■< Keport of the Board is a 
revelation of the practical boundlessness of onr AtM, and of the multiplying agencies 
required to meet the obligations laid upon us by every oonsidsration of patriotism 
and Christian stewardship. 

In addition to the report of the Board your Committee have availed themselves 
of other sources of information, and now bring before yon a somewhat detailed 
etatement of the work intrusted to this great Church of Christ. While sndi a 
statement may seem cepetitioas to tliose already informed, it is necessary before 
intelligent action can be taken by the Assenxbly, suoh action as seems imperatively 
demanded in this time of emergency. 

The picture called up in most minds by the term Home Missions is donbtleaB 
one of pioneer life in the West. The appeal most frequently urged in our pulpits is 
in beh^ of the strolling settlers in tlie rapidly-developing States and Territories. 
This may be because the need in snoh plaoee is more apparent, wbioh makes ^le 
appeal more nrgent ; or it may be because of limited knowledge of the field of 
operations. That field is praotioally oommensurate with the United States, inolnd- 
inic old Mew England as well ae the new Northwest ; Florida and Texas, as well as 
Wiaoonsin and Idaho ', great cities, as well as mining oamps and booming Tillages, 
not to mention Alaska and Indian Territory; and without depreciating the pros- 
peots in Kansas, Nebraska, the Dakotas or Hiimesota, we believe that tne work in 
every other section is fai too importent to be overlooked or lightly esteemed. Even 
if it irere a question of relative importance, whioh it is not, there are many who 
woold give the first place to same other territory than that just named.- We 
mention this only to show the neoeamty of comprehensive knowledge of the field 
before the Church can be aroused to its duty and high privilege. It would be oompcut- 
atively e«ay to take care of the prairies, but what of the eeo-board, the mountains, 
the palmetto groves. The need oi the QonMl is no less imperative in these districts, 
aod this ohninh ia tlie Presbyterian Churtdi in the United States of America. 

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Beginning with the extremB KorQieut we tooe this condition of need and 

New England, long regarded as ^pealing in no senso to oar Presbyterian sym- 
pathies and Ohriati&ii ftg^reatiTeneBs, htw been brooglit before ua in the pmndenoe 
of Clod aa a part of our inharitanoe in tiiis land. Oanadiane, Sootoh and 9coteih- 
ItibIi, who are Presbyteriane by birth, training and ooarlotion, are there by tfaoa- 
Honds, and through immigration are inoreaaing by thoiuanda each year. They 
natamlly reooh oat their handH to ns for help. D tliis were merely a mattot of 
ohoToh pride, it were better tor mi to crammend them to the oare of one Congregs- 
tlonal brethren, who would gladly miniiiter to their spirita a\ needs. Bnt m tlie 
work of the Lord oonTiationa are too aaered to be diBregarded , and natnral tenden- 
Diea are not to be treated lightly. The tenacity of the Sooteh obaraoter may be a 
weakneaa in New England, but we oall it strength elsewhere, and to it more than 
anything else of earth is due the vigor of ProsbyterianiBm in these United States. 
This Tery tenacity of oonviotion and porpose becomes a call of the Lord to reach 
our hands to those onCstretohed towards ua from the East, for they will not be 
tnnied towards others. Eiperienoe shows that for the Scotch in Now England at 
least, it is a Presbyterian Churoh or nothing. This is the real basis of the demand 
th»t comes to ns from New England, and while the blood of the Covenanters is onr 
inheritanoe, that demand should not be and will not he disregarded. The hietory 
of onr work there is a proof of its need. It moyea rapidly forward. The inoreaae 
in membership during the past decade ia far in advance of that resulting from a 
like am^ojraent of men and expenditure of money in many other parts of our 
country. Ihiring the past year the inoreaoe upon eonfeaaion of faith in the Presby- 
tery of Boston is greater than that of any other FrMbytery in the Synod of New 
York, eioepiing that of New York and Brooklyn. This ia^io true of the additions 
by letter. Moreorer, the advanoe in the finamnal support of theae cburohes is 
marked. The aggregate oontribationB far eioeeds those o! some entire ayuoda. 
The statisUos of this field will oonvinoe any one tliat onr Ohureh has a place in New- 
England, not by crowding itself in and crowding oat some others, biit by talditg 
up that which is naturally and ptoridEntially its own, and whiob it has no right to 
neglect Our Church is no parasite. It never has to steal its aheep to start a flook, 
or to keep the fold from going empty. Here, as every where, it gaUietB its own kind. 
and wants none else. And its own kind are here by hundreds and thousands, and 
other hundreds and thousands are ooming. 

It should he added that besides this foreign population, Presbyterians by inheri- 
tance, there are many native Ameriosns who are looking to our Chnmh beoaoae of 
its snperior polity and its evangelical faith. Wo have been neglecting that aggiea- 
siveworh among these native bom, whiob has oharaot«rized our operations elsewhere. 
In view of this open door what reproach is oarried by the statement of the Board, 
" No new work has been ondertaken in New England this year." 

After New England come the great Central and Western States east of the Mia- 
sissippi. These represent the stronghold of Freebyterianism in this country, and 
might tlierefore seem to be excluded from strictly Ilome Mission territory. Bat 
another phase of need is here developed. From this region, especially from country 
districts, moltitndes are constantly moving to settle in the great cities or in the fax 
West, Because of this, many ohorches once vigorous are shorn of their strength, and 
demand help if their existence is to be maintained. We cannot let them die for 
they are still needed by the oommnnities about them. Besides it is not Christian 
to abandon the weak, simply because they are weak, especially when their vitality 
has been given to othera. Then these old States are constantly increasing in popn- 
lation, and there is a demand for aggrBsaiva work. New chnrohea must be org»n- 
ised- This field alone is important enough to elum all the men and money provided 
by the ohurchra within it. But instead of diverting oontrihations from tiie regions 
beyond, an effort is being made by some of the synods ta provide for their own work 
in addition to all that they have previously done for the Home Mission cause. 
Tour Committee oommend most heartily this effort. In their opinion mnoh would 
bo gained, if the synods, and especially the older synods, would assume more diroot 
responsibility for the work within their own borders, developing synodioal sgenciee 
for supervising and pushing their own miaalonary eoterpriseB, uius relieving the 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 

AFFBNDI^. 153 

Bcud of aome of ito ardnoua Isbon. The employmeoit of miaaionBry eTBngsliBta, 
ni«U tksiiuan(n)arTeiiperiDteiidenta,aein the Bynod of niinoui, woiild seem » wiM 

■aumcwary provision. 

What is o&lled the Middle West is another distinotiTe field, offering ita own 
I«Mems. From Hmnesota and the Dakotaa on the north to Arkanaas on the soath, 
Skit seema oar most froitfol and enooiiTagiiig Territory, beoame of the marvellooa 
powth of theae States in popnhitioii, the rapid development of their resonroes, and 
. Ike opening of new regions by the ramifloationB of great raili^^ syBtems. It U 
inpouble to represent fairly the need thus bronght before iih. The report of the 
Baud is almost diaoonraging by its reralation of practioally bonndleaa opportnnitles. 
TJunk for a moment of a town in UiMonri of four thousand inlmbitaiits, and not a 
ehnroh of any kind. Another of three thousand and not a church Another of two 
thousand without any ohnroh. Miesonri alone ukH for thirty new men and not one 
can- be given, for the Chnrch has said through its Board, " No new work mnst be 
andertaken." What is tme of Missonri is tme of all the other Staten within this 
belt. Opportunities everywheni, and nothing with which to meet them. What the 
Chnrch has done shoirs what the Ohorch mig-ht do. It may be questioned if this 
eautnry or any century sinoe the Beformation has witnessed such quick returns, and 
■Doh large retonu, for spiritual inveatments as these Htatsa have brought. The 
nianon church of one year beoomes the missionary church of the next year. 
Nothing UBiiiis laekiiig to arooae interest and cnthnslaam in the work of egtablish- 
ing Gospel inlnenoes in the great States of the Middle West. 

Within thia region lies the Indian Territory which offsrs some features of ex- 
ceptional interest. The white population is new twice as great as the Indian, and 
■o special attention must l>e given to its needs. This is the formative period when 
the school represents out most BUDCesflfnl work, and is doing more for civilization, 
more for ChristiuLity, more for general prosperity, than all other agencies oombined. 
Under the wise and direct control of the Board of I^Iome Uisaiun!, with teachers 
and snperinleudentB elected for special fitness, these schools have beoomethe mighty 
power Aey are, and empha«ie the wisdom of former Assemblies in placing fnU 
responrability for their management directly in the Board, giving preshyterias 
advisory power only. 

Closely identiiied with Indian Territory yet separate, is Oklahoma, which is rich 
with promise. Two years ago it was opened for settlement. To-day it ia clamoring 
for admission as a State. Onr work here is hindered by lack of men, and insnfS- 
citmt means for churoh erection. 

Bat beyond this Territory of the Middle West lies that of the Sonthwest and 
the new Northwest, even greater in extent, and no less inviting to missionary en- 
terprise. Gold and silvei stored in the mountains, harvests prophesied in the fertile 
valleys draw inoressinR thousands from eastern homes uid from lauds across the 
seaa, all intent upon the riches that perish, but all needing treaeutea unseen and 
eternal- Colorado, CaUfomia, Oregon, Washington, these are names sttraotiDg the 
attention of the world. To them tde Church must also pay heed if it would be tme 
to lie tiust. The story of our work in this r^ion is a story ot uninterrupted sao- 
oesB. The laat year has been especially fruitful. In Washington, sixteen new 
ehorches have been organized in spite of the Board's protest, and fifteen hundred 
souls added as the result of a revivaL From every one of these States conies a 
demand for more missionarie* — a demand created by the needs of growing oom- 
mnnitiea without the Gospel. 

Still we have not travorsed in thought onr entire Seld, The Bonth opens before 
as. Wa have misdonariea in all the Southern States but four. Texas with its vast 
ana, and with its population of over two miUion souls is a most inviting field. Tbe 
North ia sending miUions of dollars to be invested in lands, mannfaotoriee, mining 
and iron indoatries. The people ate following the money in great nomberH. God 
h>a greatly blessed our work in this field, A home missionary is a commissioner 
to this Awembly, who reoeived at one time during the last year fifty-five souls upon 
ooafsasion of ^th, and others have been almost eqaaUv blessed. Two yearH ago a 
miseiODary was settled in a town in Southwestern Texas. His churoh was very 
small, but sinoe then they have built a house of worship which is filled, and the 
paotor has arganiaed two other obnrcbes. Here as everywhere else the cry is, " We 
muat have more missionaries," 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 

TeD yean iao w« had bnt Jbnr diurohea in Florida and leu tiian two hundred 
membCTB. To-daj we liav9 forW ohnrohea and more than a thoiuand members. 
This year their oontribntioii to Home and Forei^ Hisaions was nuire than doidde 
that of last year. The State is being rapidly developed by Northern oapilol, and 
the outlook IS most promising for all ita enterprises, seonlar and religious. 

While in this hasty rerie v wa have gone up and down the land, we have uotioed 
for the most part only our native papulation, or rather our Ehiglish-speaking 
population. Besides this there is a great foreign element, found eepeolAlly in our . 
great citiee and in western agrionltiusl dis^ote, and which demands special 
agencies for it« evangelization. As yet wa hare aoaroely tonohed thi« irork, Blthoogb 
aoooiding to the report of the Board, no department of our work is more promiain^. 
This oertaioly is not the part of wisdom, when we consider that the problem of our 
Amerioan oivilixation is the problem of the city, and that the difSoultiefl in the 
way of its solution are found in the number and character of our immigraut popu- 
lation. Wo do well Ifl send fraternal greetings Ifl the Reformed Chumh of Italy. 
We would do better to send the reforming influences of the Gospel to the Italy and 
Germany and Scandinavia of onr own coimtTy, " These ought ye to have done, 
and not to have left the other undone." Your Committee feel that the eathuaiasm 
of the Church would be aroused, and the blessing of Ood would rest upon na, if we 
entered systematioally upon the work of evangelizing the immigrants ; and we feel 
oonstrained to say that Qiis must be done if we would do our part in oaving our 
country from Sunday desecration and unbelief, from anarchy and crime. 

But beyond this the city presents a most serious problem to onr Christian 
thought, because of the abandonment of our oburohea in down-town diatriota, 
thickly populated not only with foreigners, but with native Americans, the great 
working class as we call it. The moat needy Ilome Uission field is to be fonnd in 
the wards of onr aides that were ouoe abundantly bleaaed with Gospel privil^cea. 
This field demands organized work, calling for the outlay of much money and the 
employment of many conseorBted workers. It seems to your Oommittee a great 
evil that any church site should be abandoned, while thousands of sonls are oins- 
tered about it. It should be a part of the Home Mission work of mdividuals to 
sacrifice ease and oomfort tor these perishing multitodes. 

It is simply impossible to speak of the further work appealing to us through the 
Board, the evaugelizatioD of the poor mountain whites of the South, the Tnilian^ 
and Mormons, the Alaskans. Each of these fields is deserving, and calls for our 
interest, prayers and gifts, and each promisee large returns for oonseorated labor. 

We have dwelt thus at length upon the field, its opportunities and needs, only 
that we might have a just appreciation of the magnitude of the work to whiob 
Gk>d <^ls us. It is work, brethren, work that calls for onr best thought, our most 
fervent prayers, the fullest oonseoration of ourselves to onr Lord, and to humanity 
for His sake. It must be manifest to all that the measure of our consecration in 
the past will not sufBoe The Church has not regarded this as its serious business 
in the world. Despite the steady refusal of the Board to undertake new work, 
despite actual retrenchment in many directions, we begin the year with a debt of 
198,346.04, an increase of nearly (20,000 over the indebtedness of last year. It is 
only just, however, to say that this is due wholly to the daoreaae in receipts from 
legacies, the gifts from the churches being CS4,122,33 in advance of the previous 
year, excluding $S4,000, oontribnted espetually towards liquidating the debt. la 
this raspeot, therefore, the record of the year is grati^ring Indeed, and enoouragea 
the belief that even the indebtedness of nearly (100,000 will not stand in the way 
of the great work before the Church. But the Chnrob must be aroused, and when 
we say the Church we do not mean a few congregations, supposed to be especially 
responsible because especially rioh, but every oongregation, however small, and 
however poor. One talent aarries with it as much responsibility as t«n. 

Our Lord makes no distiaction in His Spiritual commands, and when we trans- 
late duty into privilege, as we ought always to do, no individnal or church will care 
to believe that He does make a distinction. The Church, the whole Oburob, must be 
aroused, first by the explicit teaching and emphasizing of missionary obligation. 

1 seoondly by the presentation of the facta oalonlated to arouse interest and 
direot enthusiasm. Wnat many of our ministers need, and not a few of our ohurolieB, 

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n, more talth that the Lord wiU take care of them if tiier wiU take care of His 
KQik. Chnat did not make a miBtake when he said, " Seek je first the Kiogdom 
ul Qod and His rigbteooHueaB, and all thaae thinga shall be added unto yon," 

& moot KTBtifying part of the year's work ia found In the report of the Woiuiid'b 
Eieontive Committee. If tliia r^iort were read in every ohnich, it wonld eerre to 
Btimolate aotivity in thia oause. When we oonaider that the women of onr Church 
«ontribnte, independently, nearly if not quite as mnoh as the ohnrohee themselrea, 
we realixe what might be aooamplisbed if something of their wisdom and zeal were 
ihated by tlieir bnrthers in the Lord. It would seem that in this, as in erery other 
eceat aose of riKhteoosnees, the women ue the Ood-appointed leaders. Whether 
It U natural uituitian or divine inspiration, they seem to plan more wisely and work 
more efKoiently. 

In liew of the multiplying opportunities of evangelization which lay upon the 
Church, increasing reeponsibilitLeB. demanding especially at this time a mighty 
forward movement by the entire Choruh, and in view of the neocesity of extraor- 
dinary efforts to effect this advanoe, your Committee offer the fallowing resolutionB : 
1. That the Assembly ro-affirm its grateful recognition of the great service 
rendered by the Woman's Eieoutive Committee, and recommend to all pastors and 
■eainonB the duty of fostering this work in their ohurohea. 

S. That all the Siindiiy-schooU be mged to tsJw a oollection tor the eduuational 
work of the Board of Home Missions daring the year, and that so iai as possible, 
Qie Sunday before Thanksgiving be observed for their united offeringH. 

3. That this Assembly instruot the Board of Home Missions 1o organize and 
posh the work among the foreign population with all possible energy, even to the 
extent if neoessexy of employing an ofBoer who shall have it in speciej charge, and 
that in view of the spiritual need of the Italians now coming in saoh numb^ to 
ir coimtiy, the American Bible Society be reqneeted to furnish, as soon as possible, 

• oheap edition of the Bible in the Italian tongue. 

4 That the Minntee of the Board harii^ been extmUned be aimrovft 
. That the following membtffs of the Board whose term of omoe expires with 

it the Minntee of the Board harii^ been extmUned be a] 
it the following membtffs of the Board whose term of a 
this Anembly be reappointed. Jfi'niitera — John Hall, D.D., LL.D., B. Stnart 

daolines to serve, and Hr. John Crosby Brown, in plaoe of Hr. Jos^h F. Joy, 

by that J 

tB charter may be neoeasarf for this inoreaaed membership. 
. That the Assembly expresses its grateful appreciation of the work of the 
Board during the year, and commends its administration of the great trust com- 
mitted to it to the oimfidenae of theChorch, and we recommend the sum of $1,000,000 
as the amount which should be contributed daring the year in order both to carry 
on the work and to liquidate the debt. 

8. Because of the present embarrassed condition of the Board, we reoommend 
Immediate remittances, whether as r^nlar or special offeringa, on the part of indi- 
Tidnals and dharohSB. 

S. At the Boggection of a Committee of the Board appointed to examine into the 
flnaiunal ritaation of the Board, we reoommend that Out Assembly anthorize the 
Board of Home Missions, regardteas of the amount of legacies received in any one 
yaar, to expend only an amount equal to the average amount of legacies received 
during the preceding ten years, and to reserve and invest any surplus in any one 
year to meet farther defloienoy, such as has oocurred during the past year, this 
policy to be continued until there shall be such an increase m revenue as, in the 
opinion of the Board, will warrant a departure &om it. 

Bespeetfolly submitted for the Committee. 

ANDREW V. V. RAYMOND, Chairman. 
A true oopy of the above report, as adopted by the General Assembly. 
Wh. H. Robbbtb, StaM Clerk. 

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Tw Ute Board of Home Mittttnu : 

The close of sJiuther twelve mcmthH uf labor aleo completes the 
twoHth year mace tlie organization uf tho Woman's Exeontive Committee of Home 
HiaaionH. It Ufiltiiig that we pause not only for a brief review of the events of the 

CT, bat that we may also devoutly aoknowledgi! the Divine aid of Him whose hand 
led aa onward year by year, and whose name we have song-ht to g'lorif j in our 
efforts to maintain and extend tho work committed to onr care 

The past year wa« onlered upon with peculiar aniie^. The heavy debt of the 
Board of Uome Missions, a portion of which had been incnrred in its edaoational 
work fbi whose sapport it depends apon the Woman's Executive Committee to 
provide the neoessaiy funds, mode it apparent, in forecasting the work of the year, 
that the ntmoflt vigilance, the most asaidnoOB and unremitting ottort, and tLe most 
jndicions management and adjustment would be neoeasary, in order that financial 
obligations shonld be saoredlj met. A careful snrvoy of Ute field was made at the 
outset, and retrenchment nndertaken wherever it oonld be accomplished witliont 
■orions omharrassment and loss. 

Having thus endeavored to wisely plan tho work before us, eoaroely had it been 
entered upon when the severe financial depression was experienced, which soon 
swept over the entire country. It became evident that many snpporUrs of the work 
would be unable to duplicate their past oontnbutions, and that some plan to slimn- 
l&te and gather increased fnnda mnst be urged at onoe npon tho women of the 
(%uroIi, The fact was borne in mind that the great butt of money oomes to our 
treasury in small amounts, and that any proposed plan must adapt itself to the 
resources of those who, as a rule, do not control large sums. Mindful of the aggre- 
gate pawor of littles, and also, that if every woman in the Presbyterian Chnrch 
would give but a penny a day it would amount in one year to more than the 
Woman's Executive Oommittee had thus far received nince its organization, the 
saggestion of the eitra-penny-a-day offering was adopted. The plan, as set forth 
in &e columns of the itoTut Miision Monthly, met with such wide favor, that the 
first lot of ten thousand mite boies, specially prepared for this purpose, were ex- 
hausted within two weeks, and a second lot ordered ; these were in turn speedily 
called for vith continued demand ; during the past nine months we have distributed 
nearly forty thousand of these convenient little depositories, thereby securing funds 
(or tho prosecution of onr own particular work, not only, bnt by this raedinm there 
has also been gathered and sent directly to the treasury of the Board of Home 
Missions, to help pay tho debt, amounts aggregating a goodly sum which would not 
otherwise have been available. 

In view of all the ciroumstanoes which have made the year exceptional, and of 
the unusual financial stringenoy during some of its most important "workiug mouths, 
it is a matter of profound satisfaction that we are able to report that the reoeipts 
of the Woman's Executive Committee for the year have reached a total of 9838,846.76. 
Though this sum is but slightly in excess of last year's receipts, yet the gain is 
greater than at first glance is apparent, as the receipts of the previous year included 

'■ ' ■ .' - .,-.... . ■- ■ itialg to conclude the 

. . "... 'I has, however, been 

fully equaled and covered by our ordinary receipts, thus making an actual advance 
in the general work of a corresponding amount. 

It was feared at the beginuiug of the year that, notwithstanding all the caution 
observed in formulating plana, before its close it might be necessary to curtail the 
work even more severely or report a heavy deficit It is witti great thankfulness, 
therefore, that we record tho fact that all our obligations for the current year have 
been met, and that the entire indebtedness of the previous yeai in the mission sohool 

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wtA of tbe Soard liaa been folly and completely e&noeled. This ei:tremely gfrati* 
Ifing reoolt ie Ituvely dne to Uie nnity of eflbrt whioh our form of organization 
permits, to our &ithfal oo-lalxiren thTonghent the Hynods who hsTe shaied our 
neponnbilities. and have been untiring in tlieir loyal Bupport. aa well as to the 
<ystematio and geneianB gifts of the membera of out auxiliary societies. 

It ia a farther gratifyiiig fact which should not paw ODUoted that, while endea- 
Toring to proTide the funds to support the work of the Woman's Executive Com- 
iaitt«e which the General AgBembly has oommitted to them »8 their espeoiaJ and 
partioalu oharoe, the women of the Church have not neglected to also oontribute 
by indiTida&l fpttM and through the Vsnal church cullections^ as well as by legacies, 
ureetly to the Bosird of Home Hissiona for its work of planting and maintaining 
new and weak ohtirches, many thonsands of doHara, amounting to a very large 
PTupurUon of the total receipts of the Board aa shown by the books of the Treasurer. 
Hot may it be amiaa to here note the entice loyalty with which the mission school 
work has been sustained, no portion of whiui has been undertaken without the 
approval of the Board of Home Missions, and all of which is nndcr its immediate 
and personal jorisdiotion, all disbursements being made through the Board's 
Treasurer. Organized distinctly and primarily to gather funds for Christian eduoa- 
tiimal work among the exceptional populations, when importuned to assume other 
than their present work, thongh the objects in themselTes were commendable, the 
Woman's Eiecntire Committee has not felt at liberty so to do, lest funds should 
thereby be diverted from the treasury of the Board, and its work seriously 

In addition to money oontrihuted, great relief has been afforded the families of 
miniatera on Home Mission fleldfi by the generoaa boxes of clothing and other house- 
hold oomforts and neceeeities amounting to the sum of $78,485.00. 

One of the marked features of enoouraa^oment haa been the interest displayed 
by Toimg people's aooleties of (Christian endeavor and by the Sunday .eohools in our 
wo» of reaching and saving less fortunate youth among the Mexioans, Indiana, 
Mormcms, and at the South. The Assembly's recommendation for a special contri- 
bution in the Sabbath.sohools on the Sabbaui immedistety preceding Thank^ving 
wss widely observed ; three hundred and six sohools being new contributors. 

We report with pleasure that our publications meet with increased favor. Dur- 
ing the paat year we have published 386,000 cx>pieB of leaflets on Home Mission 
topics. Our leaflets find ready sale, targe numbers having been purchased by sister 
datominations, as well as in our own Chnroh. Onr ma^razine, the Honw, mxttion 
M&nlhl]/, records the most prosperous year in its history. Ite rapidly-increasing 
snbaoription list during the past months is gratifying evidence of Its acceplance and 
DsefnliieeH. Its financial oondition also affords much satisfaction. It continues, as 
heretofore, entirely self-supporting. It is a cherished aspiration, for the nea 
aefrom snl ■ ...... 

_ inhsoriptionB, thot a large part of the office expenses 

of administration of the school work shall be met from this source. 

Dnring the year, death, with swift aim and snre, has strioken three of our most 
devoted and suooessfol teachers, Uiss Willey, of lodian Territory ; Uiss Celia 
Morgan, of New Mexico; and Miss Anna Palmer, of Utah. Exceptionally well 
fitted for theii work, their loss to the cause is great, but their influence will long 
abide among the people whore tboy labored, and for whom they literally gave their 
lives. oountiDg not the cost, if thereby some souls might be saved. 

We have also suffered the loss by death of an honored and ag«d Vice-President, 
Mrs. Jeame Williams, of Indiana, who has been summoned to higher service, in the 
immediate preeenoe of our Lord. 


We have soonred the pledged support from societies and individuals of one 
hundred and forty of our mission teachers, amounting to $00,000.00. We have aln) 
the pledged support of seven hundred and seventeen scholarships in our various 

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mianon sohoala, amonntiiig to $36,000 00. We have thai Moimd to our trauiir7 
a pledg^ mm of (103,000.00, u a definite and eertsin revenne. 
Oni aohoola and teaoheni are diatribnted aa followa : 

SohoolB. TBHhan.* PupUo. 

Indiana 86 ISS 2«M 

Motmoiw M 88 3268 

Mexioana 80 55 1496 

Southern Whitm 18 44 1614 

In addition to the achooU and teaohera under the oare of the Board of Home 
Miadong, onr ■. mtilia.r y societiea also oontribnte toward the enpport of tbnrteen 
Bohools and thirtj-two teaoherB among the Freedmea, making a total nnmbec of 
one himdied and thirty-two aofaoalB, and three hundred and Mrenty-two teaohera. 

In preaentiiig the year's snmmarj in fignrea there is moch to read " between Ihe 
line* " to jiutly appreciate all that these fignrea repieMst of ardnona, oonaeorated 
labor by the miaaianariea on the field, and of cordial, prayerfiil, erau ■elf-denjing 
anpport among Uie workers at home. On the remlta of the miamon aohool work we 
cannot enlarge. Snffioe it to eay that to many papila there baa come the subtle 
ohaose which pnta into the heart a new hope, and into the life a new purpose, for 
thoy haTe learned die marrellooB trnths of the Qoapel of redeeming love. We arc 
a)ao beginning to realize our cheriahed piinmae to raise up leaders and teaohera from 
among the pupils in out mianon sohoola for their own pocrole. We now have oi- 
ccllent native aasiatanta in Alaska, New Mexioo, among the ludiana, and elaewhere. 
This □umber we hope to steadily increase. 

The obligations to snstain work already undertaken, and to avoid indebtedneaa. 
has compelled ua to rcfnao argent and touchino' appeals to assume new and impor- 
tant work. This haa been especially true of onr New Mexican field. It has seemed 
almoat imperative, if we would not lose the result of laborious seed-sowing, that 
we shonld extend our work among this class of people who are so nnder the power 
of the Romish Church. A clergyman vho has labored among the Hexioans, and 
closely studied the situation, says emphatically : " Plant a church in a purely 
Mexican community, and you arouse the hostility, not only of Hie priest, but of the 
people Bs well. Bnt plsjit a school in the some oomm unity, put atitaheada woman 
with her gentle wayi and oonaeorated spirit, and she will receive a cordial welcome 
from the people. The priest may threaten, bnt the teacher will win, and lay solid, 
de^foundaldana for a church." 

What is true in this field of the influence and need of the ChriatiHa teacher to 
prepare the way for the Christian minister has been found to be true everywhere 
among the daasea where onr missianary leaoheTS have been sent. 

Uany new fields are calling londlv for help. The coming year is already fraught 
with important opportunities. With returning financial prosperity, we shall hold 
ourselves in readiness, in the name of Presbyterian women, to loyally undertake 
such portions of this work as the Board of Home Hisaiona may approve, and to go 
in and possess the land, that wo m^ claim for Ood and the Church tJie Divine 
promise, " Every place that the sole of your foot shall tread upon, that have I given 

Having now fully completed another year, we tnm with courage to the dnties 
of the future, not as though we had already "apprehended; bnt forgetting those 
Uiings which ore behind," we wonld reach forth to those that are before. 

liespectfatly aabmitted. 

hrb. d. b. fines, 

ns and anlstants. irho have heen oominlBSf on»d 

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Miss 8. F. LINCOLN, Trkasubbr, in < 


teoanl vith the WouAi^'e Exbcdtive 
' THE Prebbttkbiah CHUBOn. 



ApiU t-To BBlanoe 


March Sl-Br Baard ot Home Mhi- 


Hioiui ptti,mn 

lUrob SI— SfDOd of AUmotln... 


^ irfninTfortSeBon^ 

8,887 14 


47 4S 



l,IH9 to 

ddnmbU. .. 






;; odluiT«r. . 

<,Ha w 




Kmtnoki. ,. 

1,806 80 



S.I40 1S 









NewYort ... 

81,Elff «4 

NoHh D»kDts 







4T,m IS 




148 W 



174 n 

WiKiDiuIn . . 

i.rat u 


ImImi 87 




Examined and foand correct 

New York, May SO, tmi. 


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, Google 







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i8So-i8gi. Rev. R. R. Booth. D.D., Rev. C, H. Parkhurst, D.D., Rev, 

W. R. Richards, Edward Wells, Esq., Messrs. G. S. Coe 

and D. R. James. 
1889-1692. Rev. W. M. Paxton, D.D., Rev. J. D. Wells, D.D., Rev. J. 

Balcom Shaw, Rev. David Grego, D.D., Messrs. E. M. 

KiNGSLEV and Alexander Maitland. 
1890-1893. Rev. Charles K. Imdrie. D.D., Rev. George W. Alexander, 

D.D., Rev, Joseph R. Kerr, D.D.. Messn. Henrv Ide. 

Warner Van Norden, and D. W. McWitUAUS. 

Rev. John D. Wells, D.D.. PnHdtnU 
Mr.WiL^iAM A. Booth, Vicc-Pniidtnt. 
Rev. Frank F. Ellinwood, D.D., 1 
Rev. Arthur Mitchell, D.D., J- Sicrtlaritt. 

Rev. John GiLLESfiE, D.D.. j 

William Dulles, Jr., Esq., Treaiurir. 
Rev. John C. Lowrib, D.D., Secretary Emeritus. 

Rev. Thomas Marshall, Field Secretary. 


Letters relating to the pecuniar; affairs of the Board, or containing remit- 
tances of money, should be sent to William Dulles, Jr., Treasurer, same 

address. ^* 

The Church at Home and Abroad coniains a large amount of Foreign 
Missionary matter. It is the organ of all the Boards; price, one dollar a 
year ; published by the Board of Publication and Sabbath-School Work, 1334 
Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Penn. 

Woman's Work for Woman and Our Mission Field, published monihly, 
under diruclion of ihe Woman's Foreign Boards and Societies, at S3 Fifth 
Avenue, New York. Price, 60 cents a year. Address orders as above. 

Children's Work for Children, published monihly for the Woman's 
Foreign Boards. Price, 35 cents a year. Address, 1334 Chestnut Street, 
Room 3S. Philadelphia, Pcnn. 

Form of Beouest. — The Board is incorporated by an Act of Ihe Legiilature 
of the State of New York. The corporate name to be used is— The Board of 
Foreign Missions of the Prcsbyierian Church in the United States of America. 

Cbrtificatf.s of Honorary Membership may be had on the payment of 
thirty dollars ; and of Honorary Directorship on the payment of one hundred 


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At Detroit, Mich., May 27, 1891. 

The Report of the Board of Foreign Missions, and the manuscript 
volume of its Minutes for the year ending April 30, 1891, were pre- 
sented to the General Assembly at Detroit, May, i8gr, and re- 
ferred to the Standing Committee on Foreign Missions. The 
Committee consisted of — Ministers : Hiram C. Haydn, D.D., Rob- 
ert M. Longhridge, D.D., Wm. A. P. Martin, D.D., I.L.D., John Mac- 
naughUn, D.D., Wm. M. Johnson, D.D., Galen W. Seller, Gavin L. 
Hamilton, George L, Sniead ; Ruling Elders : George Junkin, Esq. 
Hon. James K Silver, Frank I,. Janeway, F^win C. Higbee, Morti- 
mer A. Trowbridge, James H, Race, Warren S. Dungan. 

On Wednesday, May z7ih, this Committee reported to the Assem- 
bly, and the following recommendations were adopted : 

■St. That the Minutrs of Ihe Board be approved. 

ad. That the [ollotring members of the Board, whose term of office has ex- 
pired, be re-elected, to wit: Minislirs : Robert R, Booth, D.D., Charles H. 
Parkhursl, D.D.. W. R. Richards. Laymen: Edward Wells, George E. Coe, 
and Darwin R. James, also David Gregg, D.D., new member, 

3d. That Ihe Assembly adopt as its own the suggestions made in the body of 
this Report as to means and methods of stimulating interest and securing the 
necessary funds for the work. 

[The following are the suggestions referred to : 

" First of all. Pastors and Sessions must take this mailer upon their hearts 
and determine upon liberal things ; then let Presbyterial and Synodical Com- 
mitlees do their work faithfully, arrange simultaneous meetings and confer- 
ences wherever it is practicable and see that Ihe dilatory are brought into line. 
Let the Synod of New Jersey instruct us. 

" In the local church and in public gatherings let the method of gathering 
funds be scrutinized and new ones devised. Keep the old one if necessary, 
bat put a special subscription on top of that. Take up some special work in 
the Church, ia Sabbath-school, in Mission Bands, over and above the annual 
plate collection or the weekly offering. Exercise ingenuity in these matters. 
We get into ruts. The annual plate collection is a very bad one for most 

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churches. Our highly esteemed weekly Sabbath oSeriag divided, such a per 
cent, to each Board, is liable to become a very unsatisfactory nit, if trusted to 
altogether. Neither of these methods alone will ever meet the exigencies of 
this last decade of a missionary century. Let our Board and the Secretaries be 
aleit to suggest methods of increasing the offerings. It will never do for them 
to wait till the churches come up to the true ideal. Let them lead and inspire 
the churches. Let them not tie up too closely to methods of fifty years ago. 
Let them not be afraid of innovations; guide them. Let them encourage in- 
dividuals to go out at their own charges, to support missionaries, to take up a 
native helper, a school, a student, or a scholarship in a college. Only do it 
through the Board."] 

4th. That a Christmas offering be planned for and taken in every Sunday- 
school of our Church, in aid of making Christ known to the nations, that this 
blessed charity may be associated with one of the sweetest festivals of cfaild- 

Sth. That our various Women's Boards be heartily commended for the work 
of the past year, and begged not to relax one jot or tittle of their splendid en- 
deavors, but to go on to greater things, to be just as inventive, consecrated, 
and winsome as they can be, and, having covered the rest of the ground 30 
well, to try their hand on the mfa and see what they can do with them. 

6th. That the recommendation of last year as to the expenditure be reaf- 
firmed for this year, with instructions to the Board to obey the injunction of 
the Assembly, if the exigencies of the work demand so much ; and the churches 
are urged to at once plan to meet the requisition, by raising the sum of 
$1,100,000, that this Board may incur no debt. 

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With devout acknowledgment of the multiplied tokens of 
Divine favor with which the past year has been crowned, the 
Board of Foreign Missions presents to the General Assembly 
its Fifty-fourth Annual Report, together with the volume of 
Minutescovering the year just closed. Two changes have taken 
place in the membership of the Board during the year — the 
resignation of Mr. John Sloane, who, much to the regret of the 
Board, found it impossible because of increasing business cares 
to attend the meetings, and the election of Rev. David Gregg, 
D.D., under the action of the Assembly of 1889, which author- 
ized the increase of the membership of the Board to twenty-one. 
The General Assembly is respectfully requested to confirm 
this election. The resignation of the Rev. John C. Lowrie, D.D., 
Senior Secretary of the Board, which took efifect May 1, 1891, 
severs an official tie which in one form or another has existed 
since the organization of the Board, more than half a century 
ago. Appropriate action in the premises, embodying the 
Board's estimate of Dr. Lowrie's long and faithful service, will 
be found in the Minutes herewith submitted, and in the Church 
at Home and Abroad for April. 

In accordance with the action of the last Assembly, author- 
izing the employment of a Field Secretary for a period of 
three years, provided funds to meet the expense were secured 
from sources outside the Board's ordinary sources of income, 
the Board, on November 17, 1890, appointed the Rev. Thomas 
Marshall to this office, the condition as to special funds having 
been met. Mr. Marshall entered upon his duties December i, 
1890. The wisdom of this selection has been fully justified by 
the approval of the Church and by the uniform testimony which 
has been borne to the efficiency of Mr. Marshall since he 
entered upon the duties of his office. 

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At the opening of the year the Board was greatly embar- 
rassed as to its duty with reference to reinforcements for the 
several fields. The widespread interest in foreign missions 
had borne such rich fruit in our seminaries of learning that an 
unusually large number of candidates had filed applications 
for appointment. After these had been subjected to the usual 
thorough sifting process it was found that seventy-three of the 
applicants, including wives, had stood the test. As most of 
them had been appointed during the earlier months of 1890, 
and the demands from the field were pressing, and, moreover, 
as the General Assembly had urged a forward movement in the 
work, the Board, after earnest and prayerful consideration, 
resolved to throw the responsibility on the Church and to send 
forth these laborers into the harvest field. The subjoined state- 
ment shows who these laborers were and to what missions they 
were sent. On the other hand, however, because of impaired 
health and other providential reasons, six severed their connec- 
tion with the Board, while nine finished their labors on earth 
and entered into the joy of their Lord. These latter are Rev. 
A. L. Blackford, D.D., of the Brazil Mission ; Rev. B. B. Brier, 
of the Gaboon and Corisco Mission ; Rev. R. E. Abbey, of the 
Central China Mission ; J. W. Heron, M.D., of the Korea Mis- 
sion ; Miss Margaret R. Craig, of the Lodiana Mission ; Mrs. J, 
N. Wright, of the West Persia Mission ; Mrs. F. V. Mills, of 
the Central China Mission ; Mrs. Stanley K. Phraner, of the 
Laos Mission ; Mrs. Ida D. Cranshaw, of the Liberia Mission. 
Fuller reference to these missionaries will be found in the 
detailed reports of their respective missions. 

The work of the year as a whole has been most gratifying, 
although serious difficulties have been encountered in several 
of the fields. The war between Guatemala and San Salvador, 
now happily ended, reacted severely on our work in that re- 
public, while the civil strife still raging in Chili has very seri- 
ously interfered with mission plans. It is to be recorded, how- 
ever, with gratitude that none of our missionaries have suffered 
personal harm, although they have been subjected to very 
great anxiety and annoyance. The uprising among the Sioux 
in our own country, though it necessarily interfered for a time 
with part of our work in that tribe, illustrated the value of 
Christian missions because of the conspicuous absence among 
the hostiles of those who had been trained under missionary 

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influeace. The virtual expulsion of our missionaries from Chi 
Ning Chow, one of the stations recently occupied in Shantung 
Province, China, though unaccompanied with personal violence, 
is sufficient intimation that the interior of that empire is not 
to be won for Christ without anxious and patient effort. On 
the other hand, the unchallenged occupation of I Chow Fu, 
another new station in the same province, encourages the hope 
that such effort by the divine blessing will prove successful. 
The grave apprehensions entertained at the beginning of the 
year concerning mission work in Japan have happily been dis- 
appointed. As the detailed report will show, the work, espe- 
cially in the region of Tokyo, has felt the influence of political 
agitation and the reaction against foreign customs, but the 
kingdom of Christ has moved steadily forward and large gains 
are reported from many parts of the empire. It is cause for 
thanksgiving that the Ottoman Government has so far relaxed 
its hostility to missionary operations as to give permission to 
reopen the long-closed schools and to reissue the Neshra, the 
Arabic newspaper published by our Syria Mission, 

The ingatherings for the year bear ample witness to the 
present e of the Holy Spirit among our missions. The aggre- 
gate of additions to the churches reported is 2,875, being a 
slight increase over the number received last year. Unusually 
lai^ accessions are reported from the Shantung and Laos 
Missions, where a mighty work of grace has been experienced. 
The educational work shows an increase in the number of 
pupils enrolled, the total being 27,840, as against 26,348 last 
year, and this notwithstanding the closing of a number of 
day-schools because of retrenchment. The boys in boarding- 
schools, including a large number of men in training for 
teachers and helpers, number 2,202, nearly double the num- 
ber reported last year, while girls in boarding-schools, includ- 
ing women under training for similar work, number 1,715, 
or an increase of 1 13. Students for the ministry in our various 
theological schools and classes number i6oj being an increase 
of about 50 per cent. 

The work of Medical Missions continues to grow in favor as 
a pioneer evangelistic agency, and as an element of power in 
established centres of mission work. There are now connected 
with the Board thirty-three physicians, of whom seven are or- 
dained ministers, eleven lady physicians, twelve hospitals and 

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fourteen dispensaries. A number of native pliysicians, trained 
under tlic eye of our medical missionaries, also render valu- 
able assistance. The reports of the medical department of 
some of our missions are incomplete, but as far as rendered 
they show an aggregate of 116,659 patients treated, including 
about 6,000 surgical cases. 

The various mission presses have been increasingly busy in 
issuing a wholesome religious literature. The detailed reports 
of those heard from, including the two great plants at Shang- 
hai and Beirut, show an aggregate of pages issued for the year 
of 64,023,335, of which more than 40,000,000 were Scriptures. 

The Treasurer's statement exhibits a marked improvement in 
receipts as compared with those of last year, the total from all 
sources being $942,690.64, a gain of $148,634.30. This gain 
represents an advance in every class of gifts except Sunday- 
schools and legacies, which have fallen below those of last 
year. The Women's Boards and Societies, with characteristic 
energy, have pushed their receipts to the highest figure yet 
reached, being an increase of S55r9S9.z7 over the preceding 
year. For this and other marked evidences of sustained in- 
terest and increasing efficiency on the part of these noble 
auxiliary organizations, the Board is deeply grateful. The 
churches have made sufficient advance to encourage the hope 
that they have begun to press vigorously forward, while the 
receipts from miscellaneous sources indicate an increase in the 
number and gifts of individuals contributing directly to the 
Board. By an arrangement with the Board, the salaries of 
sixty-five ordained and medical missionaries are provided 
through the Board's treasury by individuals, churches. Sabbath- 
schools, and young people's Societies of Christian Endeavor, a 
plan which is believed to have materially added to the income 
for the year. For these enlarged receipts devout thanks are 

With all these elements of encouragement, however, the 
financial outlook of the Board calls for earnest thought and 
wise action on the part of the General Assembly and the 
Church at large. When, after the adjournment of the last 
Assembly, the Board was confronted with the question of the 
appropriations for the new year, it was found that a total of 
$900,000 would be required unless disastrous retrenchment were 
resolved upon. This, of course, was in addition to the deficit 

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of $60,000 carried over from the previous year, to meet which 
the Assembly recommended a special offering. To cut down 
the estimates received from the missions even to this figure 
was not an easy task, and involved the eliminating of much 
work regarded as essential by the several missions. 

On the basis of the unprecedented action of the Assembly at 
Saratoga, however, authorizing by special vote the spending of 
a million dollars on the work of the year, the Board appropri- 
ated $900,000, knowing also that in the course of the year ad- 
ditional grants would be required to meet unforeseen exigen- 
cies. But to conduct the work in the future even on this scale 
of expenditure will be impossible, unless repression, rather than 
expansion, is to be the policy pursued. An annual advance of 
ten per cent, was formerly considered the least the Church 
should contemplate in order to keep pace with the growth of 
the work in fields already occupied. This of course was in- 
tended to provide for the better equipment of stations already 
established and for the gradual extension of the work in con- 
tiguous territory, A ten per cent advance now, however, 
means a hundred thousand dollars a year, and it is evident 
that with present methods this rate of increase cannot be 
realized. The Board would therefore urge upon the General 
Assembly the necessity of pressing upon the attention of the 
churches some method of securing funds for this large and 
growing work more adequate than that furnished by a single 
annual collection. Some form of a subscription plan has, on the 
recommendation of a recent Assembly, been tried by a number 
of churches with marked success. 

The Foreign Missionary spirit is abroad in our schools of 
learning, so that men and women stand ready to go at the 
Church's call. The same spirit is also abroad in our churches, 
so that what is needed under God to secure a steady advance 
in the work is a wise development of the resources within the 
Church, which ought to be available for the extension of the 
Redeemer's Kingdom. 

The Board takes pleasure in again expressing Its indebted- 
ness to the American Bible Society and the American Tract 
Society for generous grants of their publications to our mis- 
sions, which have added greatly to the volume and effectiveness 
of the work accomplished. 

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Dakota Mission. 

Rev. and Mrs. £. j. Lindsey- 

Missions in Mexico. 

Rev. and Mrs. M. E. Beall, returning. 
Rev. and Mrs. Isaac Boyce, returning. 
Rev. J. M. Greene, D.D., reluming. 
Rev. William Wallace. 

Mission in Colombia' 

Rev. and Mrs. A. R. Miles. 
Rev. T. S. Pond. 
Miss Elizabeth Cahill. 

Mission in Brazt,- 
Rev. and Mrs. W. A. Carrington- 
Rev. W. A. WaddeH. 
Miss E. R. Williamson. 
Miss Clara E. Hough. 

Mission in Syria- 

Rev. and Mrs- William Jessup. 
Mrs. O. J. Hardin, returning. 

Missions in Persia. 
Rev. and Mrs. Turner G- Brashear. 
Dr. and Mrs. W. S. Vanneman. 

Mission in Siam. 
Rev. and Mrs. F. I^ Snyder. 
Rev. A. W. Cooper. 
Dr. and Mrs. W. R. Lee. 
Miss Larissa J. Cooper. 
Miss S. E. Parker. 

Mission in Laos. 
S. C. Pcnples, M.D., and family, returning. 
Rev. and Mrs. Stanley K. Phraner. 

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Rev. Robert Irwin, 

Dr. and Mrs. W. A, Briggs. 

Mission in Korea. 

Rev. and Mrs. W. M. Baird- 
Dr. and Mrs. C C. Vinton. 

Missions in China. 
Rev. and Mrs. J. C. Melrose. 
Rev. and Mrs- W. H. Lingle. 
Rev. W. J. Drummond. 
Rev, Joseph Bailie. 
Rev. and Mrs. A. M- Cunningham. 
Dr. and Mrs. J. L. Van Schoick. 
Mrs. W. M. Hayes, returning. 
W. R. Faries, M.D., returning. 
Mrs. W. R. Faries. 
Miss Annie Morton. . 
Miss Effie D. Worley, M.D. 
Miss Mary E. Cogdal. 
Mrs. M. M. Crossette. 

Missions in JapoTi. 
Miss A. K. Davis, returning. 
Miss S. C. Smith, returning. 
Miss I. A. Leete, returning. 
Rev. and Mrs. J. W. Doughty. 

Missions in Africa. 
Rev. and Mrs. A. C Good, returning. 
Rev. A. W. Marling, returning. 
Mrs. W. C. Gault, returning. 
Mrs. R. H. DeHeer, returning. 
Mrs. L. Reutlinger, returning. 
Captain Peter Menkel, returning. 
Mrs. Peter Menkel. 
Rev. and Mrs. C A. Codduhn. 
Rev. and Mrs. W. S. Bannerman. 
Rev. and Mrs. Herman Jacot. 
Rev. and Mrs. John McMillan, M.D. 

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Missions in India. 
Rev. Thomas Tracy, reluming. 
Rev. and Mrs. G. H. Ferris and child, returning. 
Miss Esther Patton, returning. 
Rev. and Mrs. W. H. Hannum. 
Rev. J. M- Irwin. 
Miss Rachel Irwin. 
Rev- and Mrs. H. M. Andrews. 
Rev. and Mrs. H. D. Griswold- 
Miss J. L. Colman. 
Miss Margaret Morrow. 
Rev. and Mrs. A- H. Ewing. 
Miss Annie E. Scott, reappointed- 

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fiabooB and Corluo Hlaaloi. 

Basaka ; on the Gaboon Rjver, n 
X sUlioQ, 1^3 ; tranEfencd bom American E , , . 
C. Guite; French uacbcr, M. E. Prenet; Captain of " Na£Eau," Mr. and Mrs. Peter 
Uenkel ; Rtv. Ntaka Truman ; two IkEnlJates and one Bible-woman. 

AnoOH : abore Nengenenge, on Ibe Gaboon River ; occupied as a station, iSSi ; U- 
bORi?— Rer. and Uis. Arthur W. Uarling, and Mrs. T. Spencer Ogden. 
Im tkitamiUry: Hex. A. W. Uarline. 

CORISCO : 55 miles north o( the equator, and from 15 to 90 miles from the mainland \ 
occn^ed as a station, 1850 ; laboren— ^cv. iiia F, fiinge ,- ooe native asnstant and 
one BiUe-voman. Outstation at Mbflco, on the mainland, opposite Coiisco. 

Benita : QB mOes north of Gaboon; occupied as a station, 1S64; laborers — Hn. 
Louise ReuIliDTcr Krs. C. De Heer, and Rro. Frank ifyongo ; 4 male and I female 
helpen, and 1 Bibte-woman. Six outstations. 

BataHoa : 170 miles cortliof Gaboon; occupied as a station, 1875; laborers — Rev. 
Messrs. G. A. Goddubn and John UcUiUan, U.D., and theii wives, five male helpers, 
and one Uccntiate, Four outstations. 

K.AHOWE : on Ibe Ogowe River, 130 rnOes from the sea, or go miles direct ; occupied 
as a station, 1S76; lAborecs — Rev. Messrs. A. C. Good and Herman Jacot, and their 
•ifes; French assistants, H. Cormien and M. Gacon ; one licentiate and live male 
betpeis. Four outstatlonx. 

Talaoitoa : on tbe Oeowe River, So miles above Kanpie ; occupied as a station, 
aHa ; laborers— Rev. Robert H. Nassau, M.D., Rev. and Mrs. W. A. Banneiman, Miss 
loWij A. Nassau, and one native readier. 
I» tUi amtitry: Rev. R. H. Nassau, M.D., and Hiss Isabella A. Nassau. 

The territory occupied by this mission stretches along the west coast 
from Batanga, 40 miles north of the Campo River, to the mouth of 
the Ogowe, 50 mites south of the equator, a distance of about 250 
miles. The tuisuon has also penetrated the interior on the Ogowe as 
far as Talaguga, zio miles from the sea, and on the Gaboon to An- 
gom 65 miles from its mouth. A number of native tribes are found 
within this territory, but chieBy those speaking the Mpongwe, Benga, 
and Fang languages. The Mpongwe were formerly the dominant 
race on this part of the coast, but are now rapidly disappearing before 
tbe more powerful Fang of Fan, or Pangwe, as the name is variously 
written. The late Dr. J, Leighton Wilson, in his book on Western Africa, 
states that this tribe was scarcely known, even by name, to the west 
coast people in 1S50. It is less than fifty years since Ihat missionary 
net the first company of this tribe, who had ventured far enough from 
their mountain homes lo look upon the head-waters of the Gaboon. 
As the sequel proves, that company was the advance guard, because, 
being pleased with the appearance of things on tbe western side of the 
mountains, they returned in force, and have gradually spread them- 
selves over the coast region. Even in his day Dr. Wilson spoke of 
them as a very remarkable people, of medium size, but compact and 
well proportioned, their fonn indicating strength and energy, and their 
whole appearance suggesting manliness and independence. They are 

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known to occupy the region immediately behind the coast belt, which 
our mission has been exceedingly anxious to reach, and a recent 
traveller is certain that the very same people have been met on the 
Congo, south of the head-waters of the Ogowe. 

The most embarrassing questions connected with the conducting of 
missions in this region have arisen from the claims of European Gov- 
ernments. The territory occupied by our mission represents no less 
than three of these Governments — the French, the German, and the 
Spanish. The only serious interference with mis.iion work, however, 
has been on the part of the French Government, which continues to 
insist upon our teaching the French language only, while the German 
and Spanish Governments make no objection to the teaching of the 
vernacular, Itecause of this, the mission has again renewed its earnest 
request that that part of the field lying within French territory be 
transferred to the Socidt^ de Evangeliques. As the two explorers 
who had been sent out by that society to examine the various local- 
ities on the west coast, with a view to establishing a mission, have re- 
cently returned to France, it is expected that the question of transfer 
will be settled either affirmatively or negatively in the near future. 

A deep shadow fell upon this mission during the past year in the 
death of the Rev. B. B. Brier, which occurred at Batanga on May 14, 
i8go. Mr. Brier was a graduate of Wooster University, Ohio, and 
McCorraick Theological Seminary, and a member of the Crawfords- 
ville (Indiana) Presbytery. He had entered u|X)n his work with 
great enthusiasni, and was looking forward to the time when he could 
reach, not only the people living along the coast, but also those back 
in the " bush." It pleased the Lord, however, to disappoint his hopes 
and ours in this direction, and the young missionary sleeps in the little 
cemetery which he himself had laid out on the mission ground on the 
hill back of Batanga. Mrs. Brier has returned to her father's home in 
Indiana. Mr. Brier's death left the northern part of the field without 
a white man, as the other stations were so greatly depleted that no 
one could be spared for permanent residence at Batanga. 

Happily, in the providence of God, the way was open for send- 
ing unusually lai^e reinforcements to this mission last autumn, con- 
sisting of the Rev. Messrs. G. A. Godduhn, W. S. Bannertuan, Herman 
Jacot, John McMillan, M.D., and their wives. This new reinforce- 
ment, with the return of Mr, and Mrs. Good, Mr. Marling, Mrs. Reut- 
linger, Mrs. DeHeer and Mrs, Gault, greatly strengthened the hearts 
of the few who had remained at their post, and made it possible to 
give fairly adequate supervision to the various stations. Miss Nafi- 
sau, after many years of service, returned for a much needed rest in 
the homeland, and her brother. Dr. Nassau, hopes to be in this coun- 
try by the time this report is presented to the General Assembly. 

Baraka Station. 

The burden of secular care at this station continues heavy, although 

an effort is being made to reduce it. The missionary in charge, as 

treasurer of the mission, must disburse the appropriations to the several 

stations. Were this a matter of checks or ca^ the labor would be 

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Bnu choTh nMliH 

UU.alOipnr.'H. TB V 




M\ '*»»"';* 

















s" " • 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


comparatively light, but as goods are largely the medium of exchange, 
and Gaboon is the port of entry for most of the st&tions, the treasurer- 
ship involves the receiving and passing through the Custom House of 
a large amount of freight and the reahipment of it toihe several sta- 
tions north and south. In these secular cares Mr. Gault has been ef- 
fidently assisted by the French teacher, M. Presset, so that with the 
aid of native helpers he has been able to look after the spiritual in- 
terests of the station. The usual services have been maintained in 
Mpongwe on the Sabbath and during the week. A catechumen class 
was formed early in the year, and from it Mr. Gault expected good re- 
sults. The annual report of the station, however, having failed to reach 
us, no definite statement can be made as to the outcome. M. Pres- 
set, who came to us highly recommended by the Evangelical Society 
of France, has within three years mastered the Mpongwe, and made 
excellent prc^ess in English. Concerning the school under his 
charge he writes : " The end of this work is Christian education ; 
religious exercises, and the teaching of the Word of God have taken 
the ^atest place. However, no exercises which would benefit these 
pupils and satisfy the French Government have been neglected." The 
school was examined in January by a commission of three members 
sent by the Government. These gentlemen were well pleased with 
what they saw, but expressed their disappointment and regret that the 
school was not a boarding-school. M. Presset makes grateful mention 
of the comfortable quarters provided in the school-house built during 
the past year, and also of material furnished for the better equipment 
of the school. 

Angom Station. 
' The absence of Mr.and Mrs. Marling in the United States, on fiirlough, 
threw the entire burden of this station upon Mrs. Ogden, there being 
no ordained misdonary available. With the exception of two months, 
during which one of the French teachers was located at Angoni, Mrs. 
Ogden was alone, 63 miles from the nearest missionary laborer. Not- 
withstanding the depressing surroundings, she nobly stood her ground 
until ill-health compelled her to go to Gaboon for medical treatment, 
where she remdned for some two weeks. Although no ordained mis- 
sionary was on the ground to preach the Gospel, the regular Sabbath 
service was maintained, Mrs. Ogden giving instruction m the Bible, 
which was well received by tne people. She reports with gratitude 
that a few of the women are endeavoring to serve the I^ord. On Sab- 
bath afternoons the children of the Fang tribe, to the number of 69, 
met for Sabbath-school exercises. At the close of this school' some 
Benga boys recited and read the Scriptures, white still later in the 
evening a service was held in Mpotigwe, the workmen at the station 
and the Mpongwe traders, whose boats were anchored near the mis- 
sion premises, attending. Mrs. Ogden writes ; " This last service on 
the Sabbath was often the most interesting, and sometimes it became 
an inquiry class. Three of the young men have been especially aox- 
ioas to learn more about Jesus. The interest tn Bible study on Sab- 
bath evening led to the starting of the Wednesday evening prayer- 
meeting, which has been a blessing to us all." 

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After the transfer of M, I^csage to Kaiigwe, Mrs. Ogden attempted 
to carry on the scnool with such assistance as was available from the 
natives. Three of ihc young men who had begun the alphabet within 
the year are able to read the Bible and hymn-book in a measure. In 
the midst of other pressing duties, Mrs. Ogden devoted quite an 
amount of time to caring for the sick, as these poor people naturally 
look to the missionary for sympa:hy and help in their troubles. 

Towarc the last of October, Mr. Marling, who had left his family 
in the United States, returned to Angom, accompanied for the time 
being by Mr. and Mrs. Bannerman. Mr. Marling was delighted to 
find everything in such excellent condition after his long absence, and 
immediately resumed the regular preaching service on the Sabbath, 
and b^an giving instruction to a class of catechumens in the afternoon. 
He has also taken charge of the school, which has a roll of 60, repre- 
senting several villages within easy reach. 

Mr. Marling had made one evangelistic tour down the river below 
Nengenenge, visiting a number of the Fang villages, whose inhabitants 
had been plundering the boats of the traders. He received a cordial 
welcome, and the truth seemed to make a good impression on some 
In addition to his other labors, Mr. Marling is translating the Gospel 
of Matthew into the Fang language. 

Kangwe Stu/wn. 
The absence of Mr. Good in the United States on account of health, 
threw the supervision of the work at this station upon Dr. Nassau, 
whose time was already well occupied with work at Talaguga. The 
Doctor visited in turn, and held communion at the three churches con- 
nected with this station, located respectively at Kangwe, Igenja, and 
Wambalia. Because of the great distance to be travelled, and the 
number of points to be visited, the care of the churches was neces- 
sarily left in the hands of Bible- readers. Of these Dr. Nassau writes : 
"They were all living at points spread over the area of a semi-ellipse, 
whose diameters would be 50 and 30 miles respectively. Of these 
Bible-readers three were elders. Two of ihem, being located in the 
vicinity of the churches to which they belonged, kept up the services 
in their respective churches, in addition to their field itineration." Dr. 
Nassau appointed the third elder, who is also a candidate for the 
mioistiy, superintendent of the three churches, who devoted his time 
to visiting these organizations, and overseeing the work of five Bible- 
readers. Soon after his return to the field Mr, Good reported the at- 
tendance at the December communions as most gratifying, (here 
being in many places a good deal of religious interest. He was pained, 
however, to observe a decided falling off among some of the Christians, 
especially among those [o whom it had been impossible to give proper 
oversight and instruction. Mr. Good adds : " But the great cause of 
the present spiritual declension is a revival which took place a year 
ago in the ivory and rubber trade. Prices went up in England and on 
the continent to twice and three times what they had been, and the 
result was a nish up the river. Every native who sought employment 
easily found it, and the result is that the best of our Christian young 

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men are up in the interior, their families left behind, themselves ex- 
posed to great temptation, those who were leaders in their villages in 
teaching and helping others usually being the first to go." Mr. Good, 
however, is confident that this check is only temporary, and believes 
that he sees si^ns of a deeper spiritual life. 

The outstation near Enyonga, some 80 miles below Kangwe, which 
was established a year or two since among the Nkami and Orungu 
tribes, has been maintained by licentiate Mbora, a member of the first- 
named tribe. He has taught a few children, and preached the Gospel 
in neighboring villages, greatly discouraged at times because of the 
lack of support on the part of nominal Christians. 

Educational. — The school at this station was taught during the 
earlier months of the year by Mr. Carmien, and later by Mr. Lesage, 
French teachers furnished through the kindness of the Soci^l^ de Evan- 
geliques. The school was discontinaed for several months owing to 
me withdrawal of the latter. Happily on the anival of Mr. and Mrs. 
Jacot, to both of whom French is the mother tongue, it was possible 
to reopen the school, and to gather in the scattered children. In a 
few days 40 had been enrolled. In addition to the ordinary curricu- 
lum, which includes instruction in the Word of God, and in the 
Mpongwe catechism, the boys spent about two hours and a half each 
day in manual labor, looking after the mission premises. For this they 
received $3 per month in trade, being a little over half that amount in 
cash, and with this they clothed themselves, food for the time being 
supplied by the mission. When the report was written a teacher was 
daily expected from France to relieve Mr. Jncot, who is anxious to 
take up evangelistic work along the river as soon as he has sufficiently 
mastered the native language. 

The school for girls, which had to be suspended when Mr. and Mrs. 
Good left for the United States, has been reopened since their return. 
Concerning this Mr. Good writes : " We have all these years been 
doing almost nothing for the girls, and the result is that while the men 
have in many instances advanced in the direction of civilization, the 
women are for the most part as ignorant and stupid as ever. The lot 
of woman is hard indeed. Here, more than anywhere else in this 
country, she is bought and sold, married and unmarried without any 
regard to her own preferences. Once married into a family, that is, 
once they have paid for her, she belongs to that family, if her first 
husband dies, she must marry some other man in the family. If she 
declines the man who offers to marry her, then she has committed the 
heinous crime called here ' hating her husband,' the punishment for 
which is usually death. Our young men have been begging for a 
school where their betrothed might be trained to sew, wash, etc We 
shall teach these girls to read the Mpongwe New Testament, and to 
do such housework as will III them for their future sphere. The neces- 
sity for this school is increased just now by the fact that several Ro- 
man Catholic sisters have recently come and opened a school. The 
people would much prefer to place their girls under our care." 

Should the much-talked-of transfer not take place, Mr. Good is face 
to face with important literary work which ought to be undertaken 

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fbrthnith. A revision of the Mpongwe New Testament is urgently 
called for, as also a better collection of hymns in the same language. 
Mr. Good has also a large amount of material gathered for a grammar 
and dictionary in the Fang language, which are greatly needed. 

Talaguga Siatwn. 

The absence of Miss Nassau on furlough in the United States, left 
her brother. Dr. Nassau, alone at Tataguga. Of the work at that 
statioo the Doctor writes : " The work of the year has continued to 
grow in harmonious relations with the adjacent Fang villages. These 
have been regularly visited twice a week by my resident Bible-reader, 
The other Bible-reader, some thirty miles down the river, has weekly 
travelled in the district assigned to him, and reports respectful atten- 
tion to his exhortations and instructions. One of the three inquirers in 
that district, a lad who had learned to read at Talaguga, died leaving 
a good hope in his death. The Sabbath services at Talaguga have 
been attended by a larger number of Fang than during the previous year. 
But I cannot report any interest in personal religion on their part." 
Continuous work at Talaguga by Dr. Nassau was rendered impossible 
by the burden upon him in connection with the Ogowe churches. The 
quarterly communions in these churches in March, June, and Septem- 
ber required him to be absent from home a full month on each occa- 
sion. The school was not opened during the year, as no one was 
available who was sufficiently familiar with French to meet the require- 
ments of the Government. The Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Bannernian have 
been assigned to this station for the present. It is deeply to be re- 
gretted that the necessities of the case require these young mission- 
aries to be so far separated from the fellowship of their co-laborers in 
the mission, their nearest Christian neighbors being at Kangwe, sev- 
enty miles below on the river. 

ne N*rth«rn Flild. 

Corisco Station. 

This starion is situated on the island of Corisco, some 55 miles 
north of the equator, and from 15 to 20 miles from the mainland. 
Moving northward, it is the first of our stations where the Benga lan- 
guage is spoken. It is under the care of the Rev. Ibia J. Ikenge. 
Unhappily this minister is at present virtually a prisoner at Fernando 
Po, having been arrested by the Spanish authorities, because of an 
alleged insult to them. Roman Catholic priests, who have with char- 
acteristic hatred of Protestant missions opposed our work on the 
island, are involved in the case, having instigated evil-disposed per- 
sons to destroy some of our mission pro|>erty. It is hoped that the 
influence of the mission with the Government at Fernando Po may 
secure the release of Ibia, and the restoration of the property on the 

Up to the time of Ibia's arrest, the work at thi station had been 
carried on with a fair measure of success. Four adults had been bap- 

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tized, and quite a number of candidates who were awaiting baptism 
would probably have been received had the pastor been at home. 
Over zo inquirers are reported. In addition to the usual Sabbath 
services, Wednesday prayer-meetings have been conducted, and a por- 
tion of Scripture explained every morning and evening lo all who at- 
tended family worship, 

A school for both sexes, with a roll of zo boys and 6 girls, was main- 
tained. The mornings were devoted to study, and the afternoons to man- 
ual labor. In his report Ibia puts great emphasis on the importance and 
necessity of training boys and girls to self-support. In his somewhat 
imperfect English he writes : *' I have not abandoned the idea, and I 
never will abandon it, of training boys and girls to be self-supporting, 
by teaching them something useful. Our boys are much praised at 
the expense of the padres. When any parent brings a boy to me 
they always say, 'I want you to make my boy a strong man.' Idle 
men are now despised by the women, and working men praised by 
them. No man that will turn to farming now will no more be laughed 
to scorn." 

Ibia also visited the outstations on the mainland, although not to 
the same extent as in former years. Grateful mention is made, how- 
ever, of the character of the work done by the Bible-readers at Mbiko 
and Italaraanga, one traveUing north as far as Aje, and up the creek 
of the same name to Belingi, where several men are reported inter- 
ested in the Gospel. The other Bible-reader travelled throngh the 
Mbiko country, which is now largely occupied by the Fang. He also 
visited the outstation EUobey, where six members of the church re- 
side, who keep u|) morning and evening worship, and a weekly prayer- 
meeting on Friday. Ibia urges the Presbytery to organize two churches 
within this field so that the scattered members of the flock may be 
suitably cared for. The Roman Catholic Church is making every 
effort to strengthen its position in Corisco, and on the adjacent main- 
land. I'hey have now three stations with eight priests and seven lay- 
men. Three sisters of mercy have recently been sent to the field to 
instruct the girls. Th«y are using all possible means to induce the 
members of our own church to send their children to the school just 
opened. Because of this Ibia makes an earnest plea for the reopen- 
ing of the girls' school which had been closed for lack of a properly 
qualified teacher. 

Benita Station. 

The only report which reached us from this station comes from Mrs. 
Reutlinger and Mrs. DeHeer, who arrived at the station in October 
last, the work, during their absence in the United Stales, having been 
in the hands of native helpers. The ladies write as follows : " Imme- 
diately upon our arrival in Africa, we entered upon the work waiting 
for us at this station. We found the premises much overgrown and 
neglected, and the buildings in pressing need of repair, after two years 
without being occupied. Young and old crowded upon us for help 
and instruction, until very soon we had a boarding-school numbering 

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it, and a. day-school of 1 1. A large number of boys applied Tor ad- 
mission to the school, but we felt we could take only the girls and 
leluctantly sent them away. The church services, which had been 
held when circumstances allowed, have been regularly sustained siuce 
our arrival, and the congregations have been good. During the last 
month we have had the services of Rev. Frank S. Myongo, which are 
very acceptable. A number of inquirers who have been waiting long, 
still wait the opportunity for examination, with a view to admission 
to sealing ordinances. The church work has suffered through the lack 
of an under-sbepherd ; there are cases needing discipline, which, we 
hope, may not have long to wait. During the past year many people 
from the interior have settled on the banks of the Benita River, whom 
we hope to reach with the GospeL To this end, one of our Bible- 
readers has visited them twice during these months, and hopes to do 
so oftener during the coming year. We would earnestly call your at- 
tention to the needs of the work here, and in the meanwhile will en- 
deavor, through the grace of God, to do what we can to further the 
work, trusting to His blessing in answer to the prayers of His chil- 

Balanga Station, 

The death of Mr. Brier, and the consequent withdrawal of Mrs. 
Brier fix)m this station early in the year, left it without a foreign mis- 
sionary. Both had come to regard the field as one of great promise, 
and were especially anxious to reach the people in the " bush," as (he 
le^on lying back of the coast is called. They had engaged a native, 
at their own expense, to carry (he Word of Life to that region. Dur- 
ing a visit to Batanga, Mr. Good wrote concerning this as follows r 
" I was glad to learn that those of the Christians who went into the 
interior, not only for trade, but for other purposes, were, to some ex- 
tent at least, letting their light shine. Several of the Bible-readers go 
for days at a time among the bush people to preach thq Gospel, and 
already some of them are inquirers." Soon after the death of Mr. 
Brier, Mr. Gault visited the station and administered the Lord's Sup- 
per, at which time eleven persons were received into the fellowship of 
the church. He found a very serious question confronting the church, 
however, namely, the relation of the members to the rum traffic. The 
controversy was precipitated by the white traders, who insisted that 
the members of the church, engaged in their factories in the selling 
of rum, ought to be allowed to sit at the communion-table. In their 
zeal to protect their trade, and at the same time retain the services of 
men in whom they had confidence, they went so far as to threaten the 
establishing of an independent church. Mr. Godduhn, who with his 
wife has recently been assigned to Batanga, after referring to their 
arrival, and the delightful communion season held on the following 
Sabbath, writes on this question as follows : " The only unpleasant 
featnre in the work at Batanga seems to be the rum traffic. The 
traders are opposed to our work because we do not allow our church- 
members to drink their poisonous stuff, or to sell it to their brethren 
after the flesh." The young missionary however, is hopeful that the 

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difficulty may be successfully met, and the purity ot the church pre- 

Workmen have been busy erecting a new house, which is intended to 
accommodate two families, those of Mr. Godduhn and Dr. McMillan, 
the latter having been assigned to Benita until the new home is ready. 

The station having been for most of the year in charge of a native 
helper, no detailed report has reached the Board as to the Bible work 
conducted in and around Batanga. The favor of the authorities rep- 
resenting the German Government, of which we have been assured, 
encourages the hope that with the reinforcements now on the ground 
the work in this promising field, by God's blessing, may develop rap- 
idly. It is from this point the mission has seriously thought of 
attempting to penetrate into the interior. Concerning thi^ Mr. 
Good, who has given a great deal of thought to the subject, wntes as 
follows : 

"This field is ours. The Basel missionaries at Kameruo have all 
they can undertake there, and they have urged us to take up the work 
at Batanga, and we have done so. We therefore command the ap- 
proach to this field, which can be entered only from Batanga and 
Bata, or by the Campo River. This plateau cannot be reached from 
the Congo, and is not a part of the basin of that river, for it is drained 
by rivers coming from the east. Hence the watershed between this 
river system and the Congo basin is far to the east, and may be, 
probably is, a mountain chain. If we do not enter this field, no other 
society can. 

" The difficulties in the way of the undertaking are considerable, 
but not insuperable. In the first place all thought of water transpor- 
tation must be abandoned. If this country is to be reached, it must be 
by travelling overland, and transportation must be by carriers. The 
overland route, so far as known, can be travelled only with great dif- 
ficulty. The paths are very narrow and often obstructed. The forest 
is so dense for days together that midday is like twilight. The ground 
never dries, so that the path is wet and shppery where it is not through 
mud and water. After the mountains are reached, at a distance of 
fifty miles from the coast, the country becomes very broken and rough, 
making the work of the carriers exceedingly difficult. To add to the 
difficulty, the country for five or six days of the distance is uninhab- 
ited. No food can be found on the road, and as a result a large part 
of the load of the carriers must be their own food. It will therefore 
be impossible lo carry any but the most necessary articles to that in- 
accessible country. 

"Those who shall occupy this field must be content with a mail 
once in three months, and with very, very rare glimpses of even such 
civilif:ation as the coast affords. They must live largely on native 
meats and vegetables. Perhaps at that elevation some of the vegeta- 
bles and grains of the temperate zone may be successfully cultivated. 
They must live in houses built from the materials on the ground, in- 
stead of using American lumber as we do on the coast. In short, the 
industrial element will, of necessity, be prominent And in the early 
days of pathlinding and choosing locations, and in the first contact 

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with ignorant and suspicious savages, there will be privations and per- 
lups Angers to which our missionaries have of late years been stran- 
gers. But the prize is well worth it all. And perhaps if the effort is 
made to plant a miBsion on this interior plateau, these difhculties will 
assume much less formidable proportions. In any case, other soci- 
eties in other parts of Africa are occupying regions more isolated and 
more remote from civilization, where the difficulties and dangers to be 
encountered in reaching their field of labor are far greater than any of 
these. Let not our mission and our Church turn back from such a 
field because there are difficulties in the way 1 " 


Ordained missionaries lOne a physician) 8 

Hairied lady missionaries.' S 

Unmarried lady missionaries 4 

Ordained natives 3 

Native licentiates 4 

Native teachers and helpers (male) la 

Native teachers and helpers (female) 5 

Numtier of churches 9 

Communicants 1.147 

Added during the year loS 

Number of schools 7 

Boys in boarding-school 74 

Girls in tx)arding-5chool, js 

Boys in day-schools 76 

Girls in day-schools 44 

Pupils in Sabliatb-schools 1,156 

Contributions %r]i 

Miufon In Liberia. 
■ointaviA : Rot. Frank P. Pen?. 

BBEweKviu.B : Hr. JoieiA W. N. Hilton, licentiate preacher. 
Ciav-AsHLAMD : Re*. PbfUip F. Floumor, Prof. Albert B. Kin^. 

Guiu, in tbe Ve; conntiy : , teacher. 


CaaETSBURCH : Rev. Robert A. U. Depude. 

lUaSHalJ. : . 

GaassDALE : Ur. John H. Deputie, (eacher. OtUslaliens, Little Baisa: 

teiACT. lit. Tabor : Mn. S. E. Nunc, teacher. 
Gkeesville, Sinoe : Rev. David W. Fiaiier. Outitaiion, Wamey. , 

r. Samuel J. Glassford, teacher, 

I'be lives and health of the missionaries have been preserved, ex- 
cepting in one instance. Mrs. Ida D, Cranshaw was called to her rest 
on tbe 29th of January last, afler a short illness ; particulars not yet 
received. Though not many years connected with the mission, yet her 
consecration, efficiency, and success in the school at Warney, near 
Greenville, were remarkable, so that her early death is a serious loss 
to our work, though doubtless great gain to her. 

It u with regret that the Board has to report that no new mission- 

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aries have been found in this country fur Liberia in the last year. One 
new teacher from Prof. King's school has been stationed at Qush, in 
King Bromley's town, Vii^inia, I^iberia. On the other hand, it is con- 
cluded to discontinue the appointment of two teachers — one at Glima, 
the other at Little Bassa — as not well qualified for the required work. 
Mr. Hilton, licentiate preacher, at the request of the Presbytery, will 
remove from Johnsonville to Brewerville, where his services are much 
needed. A new church was organized by the Presbytery in August, to 
be known by the name of Granger, at Johnsonville. The Rev. F, B. 
Perry acts as stated supply for the present, both to this church and the 
church in Monrovia. 

In general, the condition of the churches and the schools differs but 
little from what was reported in the year preceding. But the station 
among the Veys at Glinia is virtu ally 'suspended ; further consideration 
wilt, no doubt, be given to it as soon as practicable. The school at 
Schiefielin also needs special consideration. Its teacher received his 
support, not from the Board directly, but at the instance of the late 
Mr. Henry M. Schieffelin, one of Liberia's most liberal friends. His 
dejiarture from this life makes a new arrangement necessary for this 
school. Statistical returns are given concerning both the churches and 
the schools in the following tables : 


Addtden Added by Whih 
Examination. Jitter. Number. 

Honnnia. a 54 

Cla];-Ashkmd i 



Beadle Uemoiial, ol Grassdale . . 

Greennlle, Sinoe 

GraDger, Johnsonville , . 


Clay-Aahland, includinj; three monitots 66 

Schieffelin 40 

Giasdole ao 

Kt. Tabor 10 

CareysbuT^h 35 

Little Bassa 13 

Johnsonville la 

GUma 4 

Qush, Upper Va 12 

Wamey 34 


The Board refers again to statements and suggestions concerning 
the mission work which are contained in its Report of 1890, pages I3 
and 13. They are regarded as still of practical importance. The 

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work in Liberia seems to be almost stationary. ITie number of min- 
isten is the saine as last year, the number of communicants and of 
scholars nearly the same. Two of the churches, however, report an 
increase of several members received on examination ; and three of 
the schools, if not more, including the principal one, have been con- 
ducted with vigor. But the general outlook does not indicate much 
progress- Tbe foregoing pages may give a general idea of the case ; 
and without going further into details, two things may be stated as 
worthy of consideration : 

1. As to common-school education under Christian influence, let the 
aid of the Liberia Government be sought by its Christian people in 
two respects — that of encouraging all sections of the Church to nomi* 
nate or recommend for the Government's approval by license or ap- 
pointment, suitable teachers for the primary studies, reading, writing, 
etc., their salaries to be paid by their denominations respectively, and 
leaving the buildings or places of holding the schools also to them. 
But as to school-books, etc, let these be obtained, with the aid of the 
Government, by a small tax, which would be so moderate as not to 
be inconvenient. Nationality, uniformity, and general schooling, it 
may be hoped, could be obtained in this way, with the essential advan- 
tage of Christian influence. 

2. A Theological Hall and a Female Seminary, under the Board's 
auspices, should be established on the St. Paul River, both to be in the 
charge of well- qualified supierintendents and teachers, at first of two per- 
sons each, sent from this country, to include industrial work, and for the 
present not to exceed a small number of students in each, for whom a 
moderate support should be provided, subject to their satisfactory prog- 
ress. For these higher schools there are already bright young people 
in Liberia, some of them in Prof. King's academy, who would greatly 
prize such education as is here suggested; others, able to defray all 
expenses, might be admitted to these advantages, under suitable regu- 
latioDS. A very eligible property could now be purchased for ihe Hall 
at a moderate price. But in the present condition of the Board's in- 
come, neither of these schools could be instituted, unless special means 
were offered for the purpose, and this without lessening the support of 
the Board's existing work. It would probably require about $11,000 
for the Mall and the Seminary, their teachers, and ten or twelve 
boarding-scholars in each, — all during the first year. Afterwards the 
expense of baildings, for repairs, would be moderate. 

The Board has for many years pursued the policy of superintending 
missions in this country very much on the Home Board method, in 
connection with the action of the Presbytery, The reasons are obvi- 
ous, as the inhabitants are at home, and expect to remain there — the 
Americo-Liberians, perhaps 20,000 in number. It does not now seem 
probable that this class will be, or ever could be, largely increased. 
Bat if inspired by Diiane grace, their example, their labors, their in- 
fluence over the several hundred thousand aborigines in Liberia, and 
in the regions beyond, would be of priceless moment. May our Li- 
berian brethren cherish as their great personal aim and endeavor — 
Africa for Christ, Christian Africans for Africa I 

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CaitOB HlttloB. 

Canton: Rev. Unan. B. C. Henry, D.D., H. V. Nores, O. F. Wlswr, mnd W. H. 
LiUFlc, and their wives, >nd Rev. Andrew Beittie ; John G. Kerr, H.D., J. IL Swan, 
iTd., and E. C. yachle, U.D., and Ihdr wives ; Miu E, U. Butler, Miss Hattk Nofo, 
Hln Hattie Lewis, Uiis U. H. Fulton, H.D., and Uin Louise Joboston ; 1b; assistanl, 
Ur. C. A. Colman. Sev. Kwati-Loi, Sev. Sii-ITau, and Sev, Lai Pa Ttnn ; aa un- 
onlained evangelists, i6 native asiistants, 44 teacben, and 13 Bible-women. 

Hainan: Rev. Hessis. P. P. Gllman and J. C. Uelni«, and tbeii wives, H. U. He- 
CandllsB, U.D., and wife, and Mr. C. C. Jeiemiassen. 

MiCAO : Rev. J, C. Thom»iMi, U.D., and wife. 

In tUi lounlry ; Revs. A. A. Fulton and W. J. White and their wives, and Min U. 
W. Nilet, H.D. 

The Canton Mission has been recruited during the year by the ar- 
rival of Mr. and Mrs. W. M. I^ingle for the Lien Choir station, and 
Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Melrose for Hainan. Messrs. Fulton and White 
and their wires, and Miss Mary W. Niles, M.D., have been in this 
country on leave of absence. 

The health of the missionaries has been good, with the exception 
of that of Miss Hattie Noyes, who, after a long period of healtii and 
strength and eflicient labor, has been laid aside for some months, and 
of Mrs. Machle, whose health is now somewhat improved. In the 
Utter part of the year Dr. and Mrs. Henry were called to tnoum the 
death of a little son five years of age, a sad loss, in which the syin)>a- 
thies of all who knew the bright and promising child were deeply 
moved for the afflicted parents. 

The year has been signalized by the opening of a station at or near 
Lien Chow, situated about 300 miles north of Canton. This has 
long been looked upon as a promising field, though with repeated 
efforts the mission has never been able to effect a permanent settle- 
ment until the present time, and even now the station premises have 
only been secured at Sam Kong, a suburb of the city from which the 
station takes its name. The region of country in which Lien Chow 
is situated is salubrious, being varied by alternations of lofty hills 
and even small motmtain ranges. Premises have been secured on 
a lease extending as the legal document expresses it, " to the Judg- 

It is expected that Dr. and Mrs. Machle and Miss Johnston, to- 
gether with a clerical missionary and his wife, will occupy this station. 
For two or three years a church organization has been in existence 
there, and the place is the centre of a very hopeful work. When once 
a base of operation has been well established so far in the interior, it is 
believed that an extensive and most fruitful work will be accomplished, 
cot only among the Chinese populations, but among the H^kas, a 

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uinpler race, among whom the mission has long desired to extend its 
work. These people live at various points in the mountain regions 
of the Canton Proviace. But little progress has been made as yet 
toward the occupation of Yeung Kong, 250 miles southwest of Canton, 
and not very far from the coast It is hoped that during the coming 
year the permanent establishment of a station will be effected. 

During the year the Canton Mission has received indemnity for the 
losses inflicted upon Mr. and Mrs. Fulton, and Dr. Fulton, at Quai 
Kng three or four years ago. This consummation was effected by the 
efficient efforts of our United States Minister, Denby, and Mr. Charles 
Seymour, United States Consul at Canton. The amount of money 
winch was agreed upon has actually been paid over to the mission. 
It is stated with much satisfaction in the mission letters that the atti- 
tude of the present Viceroy of the Canton Province is more favorable 
to the interests of missions than that of any predecessor for a number 
of years. It is encouraging to know this at a time when in North 
China severe restriction and even persecution is encountered wherever 
the missions attempt to occupy new ground. 

The Canton Mission has aS outstations. These have been worked 
firom Canton and from Macao, Among these Lien Chow and Sam Kong 
have heretofore been reckoned ; also Lung Hau, Kong Wa, and I^ain 
Mo, in the Munan Province ; Kang Hau, situated on the Lien Chow 
River ; Shek Lung, 60 miles east of Canton ; Sara Kong (to be distin- 
guished from a place of the same name near Lien Chow), S miles west 
of Shek Lung ; Wong Un, 30 miles northeast of the place just named j 
Lin Po, 70 miles ea^t of Canton ; Tai Long, 6 miles from the latter 
place; Ap Chi Ling, 13 miles beyond; Tai Kat, 30 miles north <^ 
Canton ; Ngo Tau, 30 miles northwest of Tai Kat. In the southern 
district, besides Macao (which is reckoned an outstation), there is San 
Ui,75 miles southwest of Canton; Chik Mom, 115 miles southwest of 
Cutton ; Chung Lau, 145 miles southwest of Canton ; No Fu, Fu Lo 
Kong, Lo Kwan Tong, Van Ping, and Sha Ho. Kwong Sai Province 
baa been under the general oversight of Rev. Mr. Fulton in the past, 
and although permanent settlement has not been gained, many itiner- 
ations have extended into this unoccupied region, and it is hoped that 
ere very long it will be brought fully under the influences of the Gos- 
pel It will be seen that these outstations embrace a region extend- 
ing from Lien Chow, 300 miles north of Canton, to Macao on the 
south, and from 60 miles east of Canton to 145 miles west. This is 
not all Yeung Kong, 250 miles southwest of Canton, itself an out- 
station as yet, has become the centre of an extended work, mostly 
nnder the Erection of Mr. Colman, which has been carried to various 
other outstations. Prominent among these is Mui Lak, which has 
been occupied by Mr, Colman. 

duress of the Canton Mission. 

These are ten in number, with a membership of 698. There 

are three churches in Canton. The First Church, Rev. U Sik-Kau, 

pastor. This was organized in 1863 with 13 members; its present 

nnmber of communicants is 109; 4 have been received during the 

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year on profession of faith ; contributions, $84. The Second Church, 
Rev. Kffan-Loi, pastor; communicants, 194; received on profesaon 
of fiuth, 31 ; contributions, $240. Canton Third Church, under care 
of Dr. Henry; communicants, 84; members received, aa; contribu- 
tions, $85. San Ui First Church; communicants, 25 ; contributions, 
$8.36. Chile Hom First Church; communicants, 46; persons re- 
ceived, 4 ; contiibulions, $20.64. Shek Lung Church, under care 
of Dr. Henry; communicants, 53; received on profession, 9; con- 
tributions, $10. Liu Po Church, under care of Dr. Henry; com- 
municants, 82; members received, 2t; contributions, $29. Lien 
Chow Church; number of communicants, 48; received on profession, 
6 ; contributions, $30. Of chapels there are four in the city, at 
which daily preaching is maintained. The Sz Pai Lau Chapel is 
the place of worship of the Third Church. In October last, at the 
quarterly communion observed in this church, 8 new members were 
received and z children baptized. The work in this church had re- 
ceived a great impulse from the dispensary under the care of Dr. Ful- 
ton. She bad labored hard for the people who canie to receive med- 
ical aid on Wednesdays and Saturdays. Sometimes the attendance 
reached 145, beside the attendants of the patients. Miss Fulton also 
taught the women upon the Sabbath, forming them into classes. One 
of the women who was baptized on the above-named occasion had 
walked nearly six miles from a village to the eastward of the city, an 
achievement which was the more rematkabie from the fact that she 
has small feet ; nevertheless she is a regular attendant on Sabbath 
services. Another was the wife of a man who had received help in 
the hospital. He had died at his distant home, but had enjoined 
upon her to inquire into the truth and become a Christian. Still an- 
other was the wife of a scissors-grinder, who, on his daily rounds, had 
observed some girls going to school. On inquiry he became anxious 
that his wife should enjoy like privileges. The result has been that 
the blessing of God has come upon his household. The husband also 
has become a believer. One of the young men received into the 
church belongs to the Tartar class. His father had been interested 
in the truth years before, but had grown careless, and his family had 
grown up in neglect. One of them had become a Buddhist priest, 
and this young man was looking toward the same vocation when he 
happened to hear a sermon in a chapel, which turned his attention 
toward the truth as it is in Jesus. Christ. 

The year has witnessed the permanent establishment of the Boys' 
and Men's Training. School, under the care of Rev. Messrs. Noyes 
and Wisner at Fa Ti. The new and ample premises purchased two 
years ago have been occupied with suitable new buildings for the 
accommodation of the school, and a residence for the missionaries, 
and now, with enlarged accommodations, is prepared to admit at 
least one hundred pupils, and with suitable equipments will become 
a thorough organization and established institution. The patrons 
are poor, mostly members, and children of members, of the churches 

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D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


in the interior districts, but they are a hopeful class, with respect 
not only to their own spiritual life, but with reference to their future 
usefulness as preachers and teachers. It is proposed to make such 
changes within the coming year as will extend the scope of education 
by a scientific and, perhaps, a collegiate department. Mr. Noyes 
is in charge of the theological instruction, while Mr. Wisner con- 
ducts that belonging to the scientific department. Through the 
generous gift of Mr. C- A. Colman, the appliances of a chemical 
laboratory are now in possession of the school. As to the general 
character of the institution, it was found a year ago that of the 
sixty pupUs only five were not either members of some Christian 
church or the children of such members. Instruction has been 
given in Old Testament history ; exegesis of the Epislle to the 
Romans, and part of Acts; sermonizing, Chinese classics, letter- 
writing, and composition ; and the whole school have learned thor- 
oughly the "Shorter Catechism." In the boys' boarding depart- 
ment very much of the time is devoted to committing to memory 
the books of the New Testament. The pupils of both the men's 
and the boys' department meet together for prayers morning and 
evening. Religious services held on each afternoon are enlivened 
with music, and closed with reciting in concert the Ten Command- 
ments, the Creed, and the Lord's Prayer. 

The Canton Female Seminary has likewise two departments, dis- 
tinguished by the age of the pupils. The Training School for 
women has long been a feature of this flourishing institution, in 
connection with the instruction of the young girls. The work has 
been under the charge of Miss Hattie Noyes (except during the 
period of her illness). Miss Butler, and Miss Lewis. Seven native 
teachers are employed, mostly those who have been educated in the 
Seminary. The number of pupils in attendance has been 140. The 
women and girls ore organized in various ways for Christian work. 
During the year $65.20 has been contributed for benevolent objects- 
There is a Dorcas, or Home Missionary Society, which meets weekly. 
Saturday afternoon is spent in sewing for the poor, or in making 
articles to be sold for the missionary box. A large proportion of 
the instruction is of a religious character. The larger girls com- 
mit to memory the New Testament in classical style, and have 
daily lessons in rendering it into colloquial, and explaining the 
meaning. The pui^ils of this seminary are connected with the con- 
gregation worshipping in the Second Church. Over one hundred 
and fifty of the pupils of this institution have been received into 
the church since its organization in 187a. Of these, eighty have 
been employed as helpers, teachers, or Bible-readers by our own or 
other missions. These graduates or recipients of instruction are 
now widely scattered through the country, and many of them are 
known to be consistent and active Christians- 

The day-school system of the Canton Mission is extensive and 
fruitful in results. There are 20 boys' schools, with an aggregate of 
429 pupils, and 18 girls' schools, with 435 pupils. Several of these 
are m the city of Canton, but many, also, are scattered among 

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coantry Tillages and larger towns. The oversight of these schools 
is distribated among the missionaries, to a large extent the ladies of 
the mission. 

Medical Work. 

The medical work during the year has been carried on success- 
fully at Canton under the direction of Drs- Kerr and Swan, of the 
hospital, and of Dr- Mary Fulton. Dr. Niles, as has already been 
stated, has, after several years of faithful and efficient service, been 
enjoying a much-needed rest at home. During the year the direct- 
ors of the hospital have attended to 20,737 out-patients and 1,325 
in-patients. Surgical operations have been performed to the number 
of 1,966. The dispensary work of Dr. Fulton has already been men- 
tioned in connection with one of the Canton churches. This 
branch of mission work has long enjoyed the confidence and sup- 
port of foreign residents, and has constituted an efficient branch of 
service. It has of late more and more attracted the attention of 
natives of high position, and the physicians have been called to 
treat high officials, which, having been done in most cases with suc- 
cess, has exerted a good influence upon the whole work of the mis- 
sion. Dr. Thomson has made occasional visits to Yeung Kong, 
where he has prescribed for a large number of patients, and has 
succeeded in maintaining through a native medic^ assistant a per- 
mauent medical work. More or less, while residing at Macao, be 
has given attention to local medical work, but no distinct report 
has been received of this. 

Mr. Beattie has been largely engaged in the study of the language, 
and a part of the year has assisted Dr. Machle in the work at Lien 
Chow. He is hoping to enter Yeung Kong with some associate ap- 
pointed by the mission, and to make it henceforth a permanent sta- 
tion. Mr. and Mrs. Lingle have, of course, been almost wholly 
engaged in the study of the language. 

The work of Dr. Happer in connection with the Canton Christian 
College, which he had been instrumental in establishing, has been 
arrested by serious illnesa and an abandonment of the work. Mrs. 
Happer has labored assiduously with her husband in the routine 
work of the school, which had grown recently to the number of 
sixty pupils. About the same time of Dr. Happer's serious failure 
of health — so serious as to lead him to present to the trustees of the 
college his resignation as its president — his wife was also stricken 
down. She returned some months since. Dr. Happer is expected 
to arrive in this country in the early summer. 

Dr. Happer's work in Canton, now terminated by the necessities 
of his physical condition, has been one of long-continued fidelity and 
success. He was among the pioneers of the China missions, having 
gone to Canton in 1844. For ten years he labored on in faith, with- 
out having witnessed the conversion of a single convert. He has 
in his time seen the whole growth and development of all the lines 
of work connected with that mission, and also with other missions, 
American and European, which have been established in Canton 

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and throughout the Empire. The growth of the medical college, 
now under*the care of Drs, Kerr and Swan, has all passed under 
his eye- The development of education, the formation of churches, 
the multiplication of day-schools, as well as boarding-schools, he 
has witnessed, and has contributed to their growth. The crowning 
labor of his missionary life has been the successful effort made in 
this country three or four years ago for the endowment and estab- 
lishment of a Christian College for China. He was instrumental in 
securing subscriptions for considerably more than )ioo,ooo, and, 
having been appointed president of the college, he proceeded to 
Canton (though laboring at the time under great physical disability), 
where he established the institution, and for two years continued 
his arduous duties in the work of organization and mstruction. 

During all his missionary career Dr. Happer has been widely 
known for his scholarly tendencies, by his broad views of the whole 
missionary problem, his thorough knowledge of China and its wants, 
bis intelligent foresight along all the lines of progress, and his com- 
prehensive grasp of the whole missionary interest, and this not only 
with respect to China, but the whole heathen world. Many friends 
on both sides of the globe are sympathizing deeply with Dr. and 
Mrs. Happer in the necessity which compels them to withdraw from 
active tabor. The problem of directing the college from this time 
forward is being carefully studied by the Board of Trustees, and 
insomuch as the work of instruction is entirely suspended, an early 
solution must be reached. Meanwhile, all will appreciate the great 
and successful effort of Dr. Happer in having laid so well the founda- 
tion of an institution which, upon one plan or another, will perpet- 
uate in years to come that influence which he has been instrumental 
in inaugurating. Grateful assurances may well be given to Dr- 
Happer of the appreciation widely felt of his work, and of the sym- 
pathy cherished toward him and his beloved and efficient wife in the 
evening of their days. 


Tl)is large island was occupied in 1881 by Mr. C. C. Jeremiassen, 
who, beginning first to labor at his own charges, was alterwEtrd em- 
ployed by the mission and the Board. In 1885 Dr. H. M. McCand- 
liss and Rev. F. P. Gihnan were sent to occupy Kiung Chow, the 
chief city, situated three miles from the northern port of Hoi How. 
It is due to Mr. Jeremiassen's self-denying and aggressive work that 
the island has been opened to the Gospel. So far as is known the 
Presbyterian Board is the only organization now striving to reach the 
million and a half of people who occupy this great island. During 
the year Mr. Jeremiassen, who has since been granted a leave of ab- 
sence after many years of faithful service, was enabled to complete a 
small but commodious house at Nodoa, 90 miles south of Kiung Chow. 
The way was opened for securing property in Nodoa (a consumma- 
tion which has not even yet been reached at Kiung Chow) through 
the efficient service rendered by Mr. Jeremiassen, a pnrtially instructed 
physician, to a garrison of native soldiers in lime of a severe epidemic. 

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He was rewarded for his efficient and most ugcfiil service by a site foi 
a hkMpital and other buildings. 

The work in the interior of Hainan is full of interest and promise. 
During the year Mr. Gilnian made some tours among the Hakka 
population, where he found great encouragement, although an en- 
trance can scarcely yet be said to have been made. The people, of 
course, are timid, and more or less distrustful, not having yet learned 
the benefits to be derived from the truth, from education, and especially 
front medical attendance and the healing of disease ; but the light ia 
beginning to penetrate their minds. Although Mr. Jeremiassen was 
occupied for a considerable portion of the year in the building of 
the house above named, he was enabled to do considerable work in 
itinerating. He paid a visit to the Loi country, and had a new op- 
portunity of learning something of the interesting people known by 
that name, an aboriginal class, who are looked upon as full of prom- 
ise for evangelistic work. It would be a great blessing indeed if these 
people, who are less enchained by the three great religions of China, — 
Confucianism, Taouism, and Buddhism, — if, from the stand-point of 
their dmpler and aboriginal faith, they could be led in great numbers 
to embrace the Gospel. They are a manly people, and it has been 
an earnest desire of the missionaries and the oflicers of the Board to 
make fiill trial of the opportunities which are afforded for bringing 
possibly very large hnmbers to the knowledge of the truth. Mr. 
Jeremiassen, in company with a Bible agent working in connection 
with tbe Basel Missionary Society, made some itinerations to the 
northeastern part of the island, where medicine was dispensed to over 
1,000 lick people, and where each case of healing will doubtless be 
found to be a planted germ of influence, whose fruitage in the time 
to come may be blessed. Altogether Mr. Jeremiassen has been able, 
in his itinerations, to administer medicine to over 3,000 persons. 

The missionaries at Kiung Chow, Messrs. Oilman and McCandliss 
and their families, although they have still been baffled in all attempts 
to purchase property, have succeeded in effecting a six years' lease of 
premises which, with such enlargements and repairs as the owner has 
consented to make, will accommodate them very comfortably for the 
present. Besides the dwelling-house, two other buildings and some 
small outhouses are included in the lease. This property, though 
without the improvements, has been occupied by the missionaries foi 
some time, the small buildings being used for the printing-press. 
It is hoped that in one of these structures a boys' school may be 
opened. Though not altogether satisfactory, the accommodations for 
our missionaries in Hainan are now wonderfully improved as compared 
widi the past. Tbey have been living in Chinese houses without par- 
ticular change, an experience which always involves much discomfort 
and no little risk to the health of foreigners. Mr. Melrose, the newly- 
arrived missionary, after having visited Nodoa, is reported as full ol 
enthusiasm and making rapid progress in the language, his wife, at 
the same time, pursuing the same study with assiduity. Efforts made 
in Kiung Chow to secure more ample accommodations for a dispen- 
sary and chapel have not been successful, yet the work in Hainan is 

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full of promise, both at Kiung Chow and at Nodoa. But the earnest 
desire and request of our missionaries is that the I,ord of the harvest 
will provide more laborers for this great Geld. It is disheartening for 
one or two men to stand alone in a great island wtih a million and a 
tulf of people, among whom the Gospel has been entirely unknown, 
and tens of thousands of whom, it is jjelieved, might be won to the 
truth were efficient heralds sent to them before it is forever too late. 
How can the Christian churches of America listen to such appeals 
and remain unmoved ! 

The work of Mr. Gilman has been of a miscellaneous kind — keep- 
ing np religious instruction as opportimity offered at Kiung Chow, 
making itinerations to the interior as well as to the region round 
about A part of the year he was at Nodoa vrith his family. A part 
of the year, also, was occupied in labors among the students who con- 
gregated in Kiung Chow for the competitive examination. While Dr. 
McCandliss dispensed medicine to these, Mr. Gilman preached wher- 
ever he could 6nd an audience. Many persons from all parts of the 
island had an upportunily to learn something of the foreigner's healing 
art, and of the Gospel in which he trusts. A trip was made by Mr, 
Gilman and Dr. McCandliss and their families up the river, which 
flows northwest to the ocean, pursuing their journey to the limited 
navigation. Many towns were visited and hundreds of patients pre- 
scribed for ; tracts and gospels in great numbers were distributed. 
In one of the journeys to Nodoa, Mr. Gilman was attacked with fever 
and obliged to turn back to Kiung Chow. lie made one tour for 
observation and for preaching to the eastward, preaching from time to 
time in the market towns. Something has been done during the year 
with a small printing-press, which was contributed to the mission by 
a generous friend of our work. This work provides smalt leaflets for 
distribution among the people. 

Except at Nodoa, school work has not been successfully carried on 
as yet in the Hainan Mission. With reinforcements this work can be 
undertaken. Earnest appeals also have been made for a lady teacher 
to b^D work among the girls. 

In addition to the stations of Kiung Chow and Nodoa, Nam Fung, 
lying a little southward from Nodoa, is now occupied with chapel 

Statistics of Canton Mission. 

OrdaJned mlErionaries, o( whom odc ii a physidan 9 

Phjnkiani, at whom two ore womeo 6 

Lajhelpoi. 3 

Uuriccf female mimioaaiies. 13 

Uamanied female missionaries. 4 

Native paston 3 

UDordalaed enngelicts (iDchidliig a licentiaies) 23 

Colporteun 13 

Teachers 44 

Bible-readen. la 

Total membership 698 

Number added on piofessioD ot faith g6 

CantributloDs. . . . .s $579 

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lien and boys in boardlng-acbcKdi . 

Gills in boudiiw-ichoob . 

BojFi' daf-gctaoob. 

Gills' dajr-Kbooli 

Boys in day-ichoob 

Cirta in day-achools 

Total attendance in Echools 

Pupils in Sabtwth'schools 

Summary of Medical Work. 


Oot-paticDls (attcDdaDces). . 
In^jatienls. . 

Sureicol openUions \ 966 

Visit* at tiomei Go 

Out-patients (attendances) . . 
Sui^ical openlioos. 

Vbiu at hi 

Out-patients (attendanca) . . 
Su^icalopei '' 

il opentioDS.. 


Ont-fBtients (attendances) 3.3m 

Ont-Dotients (attendances) i6,u8 

SuTsical openuioDS 674 

In-patieDts iSo 

OM-patienli (attendances) 300 


Out-patients (attendances) 300 


OntfkUients (attendances). 8,840 

Visits at be 


SsKssi'™ "* 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 

Central Chlu Mission. 

Q the Ningpo River, ij miles (lom Ihe sea ; occupied ai a missioa >t 


doHg-no ; 7 Ucenciales, 9 native teacEers, 7 Bible-women, and j helpers. 

SraHOHai : oo ftie Wocsung Rivei, 14 miles From the sea ; occupied aa a mision 
station, 1850 | laborera— Rev. J. M. W. Famham, D.D., Rev. J. N. B. Smith, Rev. 
George F. Filch, Rev. John A. Silsbj, and Ifaeir wives ; Uiss Uaiy Poaef, Uisi Hair E. 
Coedal ; R/v. Mtstri. Tsn-Ttk-San, Wtng Vttng-ian, Ban Tsih-d»at, aod Tang Tek- 
tieng; 3 Bible-readers, 9 male and S female teachers, arid 4 helpers. 

HakocHOW : tbe provincial cajutal of Chekiang province, 156 miles Dorthwest of 

Ningpo; o "'" — - — ' — ' ■-'' — -o— - i-t__^— ¥1^ _^j »f^ ¥ ¥1 T..J 

Rev. F. V. 

SucHon ; 70 mitn (mm Shanghai ; occufded as ■ mission station, 1871 ; taboicn — 
Rev. and Mrs. J. N. Hayes, Rev. D. N. Ljon, Rev. Joseph Bailie, and Hiss Effie D. 
Worler, H.D.; i Bible-woman, j teachers. 

R. E. AbtxT, Uiss Mu7 Lattimore, and Uiss Emma F. Lane ; a Bitde-womeD, and a 

This mission occupies a commanding position, not onl^ because of 
the immense population within easy reach of the statiODs alrt^dy 
established, but because fA the ready access afforded to still vaster 
multitudes within the broad valley of the Yang-tse Kiang with its 
tributaries. Eight of the twenty provinces of the empire border on 
this " Son of the Ocean," with an aggregate population of 300,000,000. 
Even within (he territory already nominally occupied there are cities 
and towns wholly untouched by the Gospel. Between Shanghai aod 
Hangcbow, about one hundred and fifty miles by canal, there are three 
walled cities, each with a population of from 250,000 to 300,000; 
while between the two cities there are not less than ten walled cities 
of various sizes without a missionary. An earnest plea is made by 
this mission in behalf of the region west of our present field, especially 
the provint:e of Szchuen. Concerning this province a committee of 
the mission writes ; " Its capital city is about as far from Shanghai as 
Minneapolis is from New Orleans. The province, which covers an 
area of 166,800 square miles, is one of the richest in China, and on 
account of its variety of products and isolated position, may almost be 
considered an empire in itself. The climate is comparatively free 
from the malaria of East China, and the products are cheap and 
abundant The only Protestants now doing work in this province are 
two of the M. E. Church of America, and about a dozen of the China 
Inland Mission." 

The mission laments the inadequacy of the force at its command, 
which renders impossible the occupying of these needy fields, or even 
properly meeting the demands of the stations already established. In 
a carefully prepared appeal, an earnest request is made for five or- 
dained missionaries, and three single ladies to be added to the several 

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Stations, and for six ordained missionaries, three physicians, and two 
ND^e ladies with a view to the opening of three new stations in this 
vast territory. 

The mission reports sixteen churches, with an aggregate niember- 
ihtp of 1,031. Five of these churches pay their own pastors, and 
others are making satisfactory progress toward self-support. These 
fetcts embolden the mission to ask for still greater things at the hands 
of the Charch, as the purpose is to build up a self-sustaining work as 
rapidly as circumstances will penniL 

Two of the missionaries connected with this mission died during the 
year, the Rev. R. E. Abbey and Mrs. F. V. Mills. Mr. Abbey was 
appointed in 18S2, and assigned to Nanking station, where he died 
October 9, 1S90, in the midst of his usefulness, deeply lamented by 
his fiellow-laborers, and by the Chinese whose confidence he had won. 
Mrs. Mills died at Windsor, Conn., while on leave of absence with her 
husband in the United States. Her missionary life, which was spent 
in Hangchow, extended from 1882 until 1890. 

It is gratifying to report that the Board was able to send to this mis- 
sion last autumn, the Rev. Joseph Bailie and the Rev, W. J. Dnimmond, 
who have been assigned respectively to Sudiow and Nanking ; Miss 
Mary K Cogdal, who has been located at the South Gate, Shanghai ; 
Miss Efiie D. Worley, M.D., who is to labor among the women in Su- 
chow, and Miss Annie R. Morton, who is associated with Mrs. Butler in 
the Girls' School at Ningpo, the latter having resumed her work after a 
furlough in this country. It is deeply to be regretted that, owing to 
continued ill health, Miss Sarah 0. Warner, for ten years connected 
with the Ningpo station, was compelled to sever her connection with 
the Board. 

Ningpo Station, 

The churches connected with this station number ten, and cover a 
wide territory, stretching from Ningpo near the coast to Tong Yiang, 
about two hundred miles southwest. Eight of these report an aggre- 
gate addition of 44 during the year. Of the two reporting no addi- 
tions, that at Saen-poh is said to be in a very low state, while at 
Zong-yu, though none made a public profession of their faith, a number 
irf interesting inquirers are reported, and in connection with this out- 
station a new chapel has been opened at Tong-hwaen, Eleven were 
received on profession of faith into the church at Ningpo, one of whom 
was the first pupil enrolled in the boys' school, forty-five years ago, 
and the third received into the Ningpo church. Subsequently he was 
expelled from the communion, but after many years of wandering in 
different places, having given evidence of a change of heart, he was 
again received into the fellowship of the church. This church sus- 
tained a great loss in the death of Mrs. Zi, the wife of the pastor. 

The bitterness of persecution has been tasted in several of the 
churches outside of Ningpo. In Bao-ko-tah, eight miles east of the city, 
a certain clan had adopted a series of rules, one of which provided 
for the expulsion of "all believers in the Western barbarian cult, as 
they contemptuously denominated the Christian religion," Because 

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of this, one of the members of the church was dropped from the rail of 
the clan, but was finally restored through the inflnence of the distriri 
magistrate. At Dziang-ding, a point connected with the Yu-yao church, 
several inquirers of promise had been subjected to severe persecution, 
and for a time at least had gone back. At Dziang-loh, where four adults 
had been received by baptism during the year, and which is spoken of 
as a " very noisy, rough place," a good deal of prejudice against Chris- 
tianity exists. Notwithstanding this condition of things, the Fresbyteiy 
regards the state of the churches as hopeful, as indicated by the Pres- 
byterial narrative, which closes as follows : "Though in every church 
some have been afflicted by flood, or famine, or death, and many have 
been reviled and persecuted, yet the lord's hand has been manifest, 
and all has been patiently suffered for the sake of the Lord Christ. 
The Lord has certainly greatly blessed us." 


The Presbyterial Academy is a boarding-school for boys tinder the 
care of the Ning^io Presbytery. It is supported by tuition fees, local 
. subscriptions, and a small grant by the Board. The principaJ cS the 
school is Bao Ming-kyin, son of the pastor of our church at Yu-yao. 
Twenty-five pupils were enrolled. Ten of the boys presented them- 
selves before the session for admission to the church, but, according 
to the plan hitherto pursued, most of them were advised to wait for 
further instruction. 

The Girli' Boarding- School, during the absence of Mrs. Butler, has 
been under the direction of Mr, McKee, with such assistance as Mrs, 
McKee's health would permit her to give. Deep regret is expressed 
at the withdrawal, on account of ill health, of Mrs. Li, the matron 
teacher, whose Christian influence had been an element of power in 
the school. Two girls were graduated last year, and two new pupils 
were added. Fifteen applications were declined for want of room. 
Thirty-five pupils were in attendance, twelve of them being members 
of the church, of whom six made a profession of their faith during the 
year. Seven inquirers are enrolled. Now that Mrs. Butler has re- 
turned, the care of the school will devolve upon her until Miss Morton 
has sufficiently acquired the language to relieve her in whole or in 

Day-Schools. — Of these there are three for boys, located respect- 
ively at Ningpo, Yu-yao, and Bao-ko-tah, with an aggregate attend- 
ance of 57. Two day-schools for girls have been in operation until 
recently, when, owing to the death of Mrs. Zi, the wife of the 
Ningpo pastor, and the lukewarmness of the people since the dis- 
tribution of cash was discontinued, one of them was closed. The 
other, which is on the north bank of the river, had a roll of 25 
pupils, although the attendance was irregular. Mrs. Partch, who 
has had the oversight of these day-schools for girls, has also super- 
intended the work of the Bible-readers, of whom six have labored 
during the year. In addition to work done in and around Ningpo, 
two months were spent by these Bible-readers in itinerating. The 
report says : " Some of the places visited were very promising, and 

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the Bible- readers were gladly received and heard. This is hard 
work for anybody, especially so for Chinese women ; butwe believe 
they do much good, and therefore try to encourage them. We hope 
to have more and more of this kind of work done. During the 
past year these women have gone out about 1,000 times, visited 
2,900 houses, and talked to 14,800 people. The churches have 
Tcceived several members, and there are several inquirers as the 
result of their labors." One of the Bible-women has also conducted 
a weekly industrial class, which numbers 25, several of whom have 
manifested quite an interest in personal religion. 

Itineration. — A year ago the Presbytery of Ningpo arranged to 
have most of the licentiates and helpers connected with the station 
go out two and two to do evangelistic work where there were no 
chapels. This was done with some succesi!. The report adds; 
" More important itineration was inaugurated in the spring. Pastors 
Zi and Viang each led a band, the one of three, the other of five — 
including their respective sons, the young medical students, the 
former going to I'ong-yiang, the latter to Hae-nying. They did not 
devote themselves exclusively to these two fields, for they moved 
leisurely both going and returning, stopping at the places by the 
way to dispense medicine and preach. Altogether they were gone 
about three months. The plan they usually followed was, in the 
forenoon to have the doctor dispense medicines, while the other 
members of the party preached the Gospel to the patients ; in the 
afternoon all to go out in the street or places of resort, wherever a 
crowd could be gathered, and preach. At the city of Tong-yiang, 
a city of some 15,000 inhabitants, 200 miles southwest of Nin^pOt 
Hr. Zi's band were cordially welcomed and hospitably entertamed 
during their entire slay by Wu Siang-fu, a wealthy merchant of the 
place- Though not a Christian, he had learned enough of the doc- 
trine during a short stay at Dr, Main's hospital at Hangchow to 
want more and to have a thorough respect for its teachers. His 
mother, who is a vegetarian, opposed them, but to no purpose, and 
finally she, too, helped cook for them, even though meat was on the 
bill of fare, and on their leaving asked them to pray for her. 
Stang-fu himself has put away idolatry, and says that he prays and 
is trying to lead a Christian life." 

Medical Work. — The medical students referred to above are sons 
of two of the prominent pastors of the Ningpo churches. They 
were graduated from the Prtsbyterial Academy some years since, 
and by arrangement with Dr. Main of the Hangchow Hospital, 
connected with the Church Missionary Society, received a good 
medical training in that institution. They are spoken of as young 
men of exceptional ability and consecration. In the itinerating 
lour referred to they attracted a great deal of attention. Their 
pbn was to charge a nominal entrance fee of from a cent to a cent 
and a half. They were well received by the people. On this sub- 
ject Mr. Partch reports : " In Tong-yiang one woman subject to 
convulsions, given up as incurable by the native doctors, was taken 
in hand and cured, much to everybody's wonder. It speaks well 

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In the afternoons, or whenever they went out preaching, the young 
medical students took part with the others on equal terms. Since 
their return, during the summer, a large part of their work has been 
preaching. They have been their father's active assistants in the 
daily opening of the chapels. They also have dispensary days in 
the adjacent villages. Mr. Zi's son has gone out regularly to Kao- 
gyiao. Mr. Yiang and son recently went to Dziang-o-z for a three 
weeks' stay. During this time he received 830 patients, of whom 
130 came on the last day. Altogether 3,543 patients have been 
treated by both doctors. On the whole we feel quite gratified at 
the results of our experiment. One thing that hampered the young 
men a great deal was the lack of medicines- Their whole outfit 
and medicines depend on private donations and are hence quite 
limited. We believe they could work to much better advantage 
with a larger stock." 

Shanghai Slation. 

Churches- — There are three churches at this station, one at the 
South Gale, another connected with the Mission Press, and a third 
in Hongkew, a district within the American Concession. The 
church at the South Gate reports a membership of 108, and an 
average Sabbath morning attendance of 150. Six were added on 
confession of faith during the year. Mention is made of the death 
of the oldest communicant in the church, Mr. Vi Ne-kwe, one of 
the four original members, the other three being American ladies. 
Eighteen were dismissed by letter from this church, and united 
with the church at the Press or with that at Hongkew. The church 
at the Press still enjoys the ministry of the native pastor, Mr, Sz, 
whose support is provided for by the church itself. In addition to 
meeting this obligation, and the running expenses of the church, a 
day-school has also been conducted under the care of a committee 
of the members without help from the mission. The number of 
communicants is 53, of whom 3 were added during the year. The 
church at Hongkew was organized by a committee of Presbytery 
on February 2, 1890, with 21 members, 15 natives and 6 foreigners. 
Five have since united and others are asking for admission. The 
church worships in a most uninviting Chinese house, which is " ap- 
proached through a dirty street and filthy alley." An urgent appeal 
IS made for better accommodation. The total number of pupils in 
the Sabbath-schools connected with the churches is 450. Preach- 
ing has been sustained in the street c/tapel in connection with the 
South Gate, with a varying attendance. Two applications for 
church membership are reponed as the fruit of this work. They 
seem to be deeplj^ in earnest, but the session has thought best to 
delay their reception for a time. 

Educational. — The Boys' School, known as the " Lowrie High- 
School," reports an attendance of 37, 30 of whom found accommo- 
dation in the boys' dormitory, while 7, sons of Christians, slept at 

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their homes near by. Six of the boys are communicants, and 6 
others have made application for admission to the church, while 2 
have been received into full communion. During the visit of Mr. 
L. D. Wishard, of the Intercollegiate Y. M. C. A. at Shanghai, a 
Young Men's Christian Association was formed in the school, with 
good hope of stimulating and training the pupils in methods of 
Christian work. The boys devoted about half their time to the 
study of Chinese classics and the other half to Christian books. 
The new system of Romanization of the Shanghai dialect has been 
taught with satisfactory results. Grateful mention is made of the 
health of the pupils during the year, notwithstanding the prevalence 
of cholera and influenza. While other schools were suspended for 
a season on account of prevailing sickness, this school went for- 
ward without serious interruption. The sanitary condition of the 
premises, however, is far from satisfactory, and the hope is ex- 
pressed that the Board may be able to do something to remedy the 
defect at once. During the absence of Mr. and Mrs. Smith on fur- 
lough this work has been under the care of Mr. Silsby, Miss Posey 
having also rendered assistance. 

Owing to the absence of Mrs. Smith, who had charge of the Girh' 
Boarding- School, and the fact that Mias Posey and Miss Cogdat had 
not sufficiently mastered the language to assume the responsibility, 
the mission secured the services of Miss K. R. Brunton, who had 
been engaged in a similar school in the city. She is assisted by Miss 
Cogdal. The school reports 30 pupils, 14 of them professing Chris- 
tians- The line of instruction is similar to that in the boys' school, 
the new system of Romanization being taught to the older girls- 
The report adds: " Miss Brunton is giving careful attention to in- 
struction in needlework and other domestic attainments, as well as 
in habits of regularity and cleanliness. She has been giving careful 
attention to the food and clothing of the girls also, and an improve- 
ment in health and cheerfulness and good discipline is already quite 
marked." Through the kindness of a friend in the commission 
business large samples and remnants of woollen goods were secured 
and made up by the ladies into warm underclothing for the pupils 
of both boarding-schools. 

There are fom day-schools connected with the South Gate, with a 
total attendance of about 80. Last year seven day-schools were in 
operation, but owing to the financial pressure on the Board, three of 
them had to be abandoned. The hope is expressed that tiiese can 
be reopened next year, as they are regarded " as important agents for 
the effective preaching of the Word of Life," Three day-schools have 
been maintained at Hongkew \ one taught in the chapel by Mrs. Woo, 
the wife of the native pastor, with a roll of 45 boys and girls, another 
taught by Mrs. Dzung with 41, and the third by Mrs, Tsu with 30. In 
all these schools one-half of each day is devoted to religious instruction. 
Jn this connection the report says : " Mrs. Famham visits the schools 
as she finds time, always examining them monthly, and ^ving slight 
rewards for attendance and diligence in study. She visits weekly 
atDong the parents of the pupils and thdr neighbors as she can gain 

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admission. A faithful Christian woman accompanies her, and they 
do all they can to bring souls to Christ The visible results are not 
so great as we could wish — indeed they seetn as nothing compared 
with the labor and expense, yet we are thankful there is any evidence 
of the Master's presence." 

In addition to the day-schools in the city there are five connected with 
the three outstations, with an aggregate attetidance of about loo. 

The only itinerating -work reported is that done by Mr, Silsby, ac- 
companied by one or more native ministers, who spent some two 
months visiting the three outstations connected with Shanghai. Of 
this work he reports ; " We have had no reason to complain of un- 
kind treatment, and have been gratified to note that almost every one 
whom we meet has at least heard the name of Jesus, while now and 
then we find one who can converse with considerable intelligence 
about the ' Jesus Doctrine,' " The two native ministers associated 
with Dr. Farnham have spent some time in visiting the hamlets and 
villages north of Hongkew. 

The work among the women has been continued, the missionary la- 
dies and Bible-wonien receiving a cordial welcome as in former years. 

Literary Work. — Dr. Farnham has continued to have the editorial 
care of the periodicals of the Chinese Religious Tract Society, The 
Chiles Paper and Chinese Illustrated News, the former now in its 
sixteenth year, and the latter in its eleventh. These are issued monthly, 
and contain " a vast amount of useful information on a great variety 
of subjects, illustrated with beautiful engravings, in most cases the 
gift of the American and English Tract Societies." Dr. Farnham 
writes : " I have furnished the Chinese Religious Tract Society with 
the manuscript of the Bible Reader and the Bible Cyclopedia, both 
prepared under my superintendence, and for the latter I translated 
many articles from various encyclopedias, Bible Dictionaries, and 
works on Natural History, TTiese two books will put within the reach 
of native assistants and preachers and all Hble students much new 
and useful information," 

Weekly Sunday-school Lesson Papers, prepared by Mr. Smith, and 
during his furlough by Mr, Silsby, have been issued regularly, and are 
not only used by our own mission in Shanghai, but also by three others 
in the city, as well as by the Methodist and Presbyterian Missions of 
Suchow. A weekly edition of r,3oo is issued. Mr. Silsby has also 
superintended the publication of a Syllabary of the Shanghai dialect, 
and as secretary of the Shanghai Christian Vernacular Society has 
rendered assistance in the publication and dissemination of vernacular 

Mission Press. 

The Rev. G. F, Fitch, Superintendent of the Mis^on Press, reports 
that, with the exception of a few weeks in the summer, the Press has 
been constantly crowded with work, the British and Foreign Bible 
Society especially having made large demands upon it. During the 
year there were printed : 

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, 14,987,500 

Religious books aod IractB TiStS.iio 

UisccDaneatu 3i533,435 

Calendan and sheet tracts 387^00 

Illustiated Newi 633,600 

Child's P^>er S$7,S™> 

Cbioese Reccrder 408.900 


These figures show an increase of 13,333,950 pages of Scripture 
over the lunount printed last year. Mr. Fitch writes : " Dr. Mateer 
spent several months with us, seeing the pages of his Mandarin Les- 
sons through the press — a work which is the result of great labor and 
ripe scholarship, and which when completed will be a boon to nearly 
every student of the language. Dr. Hunter also began his work on 
Therapeutics, which promises to be a valuable addition to the list of 
medical works in China prepared by missionaries. The third edition 
of Williams' Dictionary was also finished during the year. Before the 
General Conference in May, the Press undertook to print the essays 
which were to be presented at the Conference, and published an edi- 
tion of two hundred of fif\y-thrce essays. The Press was also asked 
to publish the Records of Conference, which will make a volume of 
seven or eight hundred pages. The paper was telegraphed for to 
Ixindon, and the work of stereotyping begun at once. It is expected 
that the volume will be ready near the end of the year. One thou- 
sand copies will be printed as a first edition. The circulation of the 
Recorder has steadily increased during the year. The editing of the 
magazine has devolved upon the Superintendent, not from choice, but 
because no one, who was thought suitable, could be found willing to 
UDdeitake the work. It is hoped other arrangements may be made 
in the near future," Of the workmen employed, a8 are members of 
the chiu-ch, most of whom have been engaged in active Christian work 
under the direction of the pastor. 

The Board has recently appointed Mr. Gilbert Mcintosh to be as- 
sociated with Mr. Filch in the conducdng of the Mission Press. Mr. 
Mcintosh is a practical printer, and for Sve years was superintendent 
of the press for the " Society for the DifTusion of Christian and Gen- 
eral Knowledge among the Chinese." Mr. Mcintosh expects to 
enter apon his work in May of this year. 

Hangchow Station, 
Four missionary sodeties are at work in Hangchow, a city of half 
a million people — the Church Missionary Society, the China Inland 
Mission, and those of the Presbyterian Churches of America, North 
and South. The field outside the city is large and inviting, the prov- 
ince, although the smallest of the eighteen in the empire, having an 
area equal to the State of Ohio. 

Cfturches. — There are two churches connected with this station, one 
in the city, and the other at Sin-z, 30 miles north of Hangchow. 
Fourteen were added to the fonner on confession of faith during the 
year t j of them being boys from the boarding-school. The session 

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is very cautious as to aiipUcations from boys in the school, requiring 
those admitted to the church to pass a searching and satisfactory ex- 
amination. Of those outside the school the report says : " An inqui- 
rer gave up his position in the bank, and became the personal teadier 
of Mr. Garritt, at a smaller salary, in order that he might keep the Sab- 
bath. He still hesitates to confess Christ on account of the opposition 
of his aged father." The gradual increase in the number of the schol- 
ars and of church members has taxed the little chapel to its utmost 
capacity, and an earnest plea is made for a more commodious house 
of worship. Some twenty of the members of the Hangchow church 
reside at Zang-peh, a town about 25 miles northwest of the city. The 
spiritual condition of that community of Christians is reported as most 
encouraging, and the hope is expressed that in the near future the way 
may be opened for the organization of a church. The church at Sin-z 
piimberB 42 members, four of whom were received during the year. 
Concerning these outstations the report says : " Our members at both 
5in-z and Zang-peh are mostly poor farmers; but, as the crops are 
better this fall than last, they are better able to do and to give than 
last year. The attitude of their heathen neighbors is friendly aX both 
these places, and there is a wide-open door in all that region." 

Evangelislic- — Two chapels have been kept open most of the year, 
preaching being mainly by two licentiates. These two young men 
with the Hangchow pastor, and several evangelists from Ningpo, vis- 
ited Hat-ning in the spring, a walled city on Hangchow Bay, about 
thirty miles east of Hangchow. The report adds : " The evangelists 
met with a little difficulty at first in renting a house, but they remained 
about six weeks. In September our two helpers went again for a 
month, being heard by many with interest and gladness. We hope 
that the books they distributed and the word they preached will beiar 
fruit. Just a week before returning home, however, they were roughly 
treated by some evil-n)inded men, one of them receiving a slight scalp- 
wound and their books and some other articles being snatched from 
them. We feel that this field is open to us, however, and expect next 
spring to visit Hai-ning again. Those few who have become inter- 
ested in the Christian doctrine are, as often happens, people living in 
the country near by." 

Educational. — The Boys' School, under the superintendence of Mr. 
Judson, reports a year of light and shadow. More than half the boys 
were ill with the mumps during the spring, and in June the world-wide 
influenza attacked most of the scholars, soniu of them quite seriously. 
The regular exercises, however, were suspended only about a week 
because of the prevailing illness. Two of the graduates of this insti- 
tution are now studying theology at Tungchow College in the Shan- 
tung Province. The society which the boys have maintained for 
the past four or five years was greatly stimulated by the visit of Mr. 
Wishard, of the IntercolIeEiate Y. M, C. A. Of the future of the 
school Mr. Judson writes : We feel that there is every reason for en- 
couragement, and that steady progress is being made, though very 
slowly indeed, toward the end which has ever been held in view: 
namely, the building up of a Christian institution, in which young men 

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may be fitted for difTereat callings in life, some for the Christian tnin- 
istiy, some for Christian teachers, some to enter upon secular voca- 
tions, all, in whatever position, to be witnesses for the truth. The 
school is in s growing condition and the number may be increased if 
this is the desire of the mission and the Board. The house in the 
school compound formerly occupied by the pastor of the church, has 
been vacated, as was proposed last year, and some seventy boys can 
now be accommodated. Should the number be allowed to increase, 
however, two things are imperatively necessary, namely : an increase 
in the estimate and a man to help. Concerning the running ex- 
penses of the school, it costs about twenty-five dollars a year for 
each boy." 

There are four day-schools connected with this station, two at 
Hangchow, and one at each of the outstaiions. Concerning these 
schools Mr. Garritt writes : " It is very desirable to sustain these day- 
schools, and give them such direction as that they shall be feeders for 
the boarding-school. In the boarding-school the preference is given 
to sons of Christian parents, and among heathen children desiring ad- 
mission, the preference must certainly be for those who have in the 
day-school already learned the rudiments of Christian teaching." The 
teachers in three of these schools are graduates of the boarding-school, 
two of whom talk of going north to study theology at Tungchow. 
Two single ladies are earnestly asked for as a reinforcement to this 
station. The work in Hangchow is sadly lacking in this direction, 
the oniy lady connected with our mission there at present being Mrs. 

Swhow Station. 

The work at this station was necessarily crippled by the absence of 
Mr. Hayes on furlough, the entire burden of supervision thus falling 
upon Mr. Lyon. I-ater in the year, however, Mr, Lyon was joined by 
the Rev. Joseph Bailie and Miss Erne D. Worley, M.D., who are both 
busy with the Suchow dialect, and are doing what they can to help in 
the present exigency. The church in the city reports a membership of 
50, three of whom were added during the year, and 50 pupils in the 
Sabbath-schooL There axe five chapels connected with this station, four 
of them in the city and one in the country. Three of those in the 
city are used for street-chapel preaching, and one for services on the 
Sabbath. Concerning this part of the work Mr. Lyon writes : " The 
attendance at street diapels has not shown any falling off from former 
years. Our bith in this mode of work has not been in the least shaken 
by the lack of visible results. No better means of advertising Chris- 
tianity than this could have been devised. ' Whatever general knowl- 
edge o( the Christian faith and of the usages of the church the peo- 
ple DOW possess, has been obtained largely by attendance upon street- 
chapel preaching. It is said that the little knowledge thus obtained 
it likely to do more harm than good. We answer that the little knowl- 
edge has been, in not a few cases, the means of creating a thirst for 
more, and thus the street chapel has been the stepping-stone leading 
into the temple (A God. We record gratefully the conversion of one 

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man through the preaching at the Chang-men chapeL" An earnest 
plea is made for a commodious church building to take the place of 
the little shed now used for the purpose, and which is frequently 
crowded to excess. It is believed that a suitable Chinese building on 
the main street could be erected without large expense, which would 
answer the purpose of Sunday services and street-chapel preaching, 
besides furnishing a room for a dispensary for women. Our mission 
is the only one in Suchow which has not comfortable and adequate 
church accommodation. 

Four day-schools are reported in Suchow and one in the country, 
with an aggregate attendance of 6y pupils. The children in these 
schools attend services on Sunday, through which they have become 
familiar with the forms of Christian worship and the truths of the Bi. 
ble. The report expresses confidence that these schools, by the divine 
blessing, cannot fail to be of permanent benefit. Though the children 
leave at an early age to learn trades, they carry with them the precious 
seed which has been sown, and sre followed by the prayers of those 
who have taught them the way of life. 

Village Evangelization. — On this important phase of Christian effort 
Mr. Lyon writes : " The most interesting and hopeful part of our 
work at present is village evangelization, in connection widi our coun- 
trychapel five miles west of the city. This work dates back to almost 
the beginning of our permanent occupation of Suchow. During the 
early part of Mr. Fitch's residence in Suchow some cow-men, whose 
cows were brought into the city to supply the foreigner with milk, 
were brought under Gospel influence in the family and chapel services. 
Since Mr. Fitch's removal, four of these men have been received into 
the church. About two years ago a chapel was rented and a day- 
school opened in their village at the foot of Lion Mountain. No 
native preacher has been stationed there, and aside from the Sunday 
services held by the Christians themselves, only occasional visits had 
been made up till last spring, when I spent the month of April, living 
in the chapel and working daily among the people. 

" My plan was to preach in one or two of the neighboring villages in 
the forenoon, and to spend the afternoon in the central vdlage, visiu 
ing the people in their homes, and instructing the women and children 
in catechism and hymn-book, teaching orally by line upon line repeti- 
tion. In the eyening, after the people were through their supper, we 
had a meeting in the chapel, singing, reading the Scriptures, and prayer, 
lasting one hour. All who could read took part in this service, and the 
explanation of the passage was principally by question and answer. 
During the month we read through the Epistles to the Fhilippians, 
Colossians, and part of Ephesians. After the study of the lesson 1 
made a short address to the outsiders who were present, and dosed 
with singing and prayer. By this method the Christians were greatly 
advanced in knowledge, and the heathen were impressed with the fact 
that the Word of God is a great fountain of wisdom and comfort to those 
who search it diligently. The only native helpers present were the two 
Bible-women, Mrs. Xm and Mrs. Li, who were very diligent in preach- 
ing from house to house, and in the towns and villages round about. 

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Since that time two of the women instructed have been baptized, and 
another has decided to be a Christian. The whole membership at this 
village is now seven, four men and three women. Within ten miles of 
Suchow thve are more than two thousand villages awaiting the 
evangclizer. To do this vast work we need more men, who will come 
out with this special kind of work in view, and who will devote them- 
selves to it with a whole-hearted faith and consecration. From the 
top of Lion Mountain 400 villages are within plain sight, which contain 
at least 50,000 people, lliis is my country parish, where I am sup- 
posed to fill up the odd moments 1 have left after caring for four 
chapels, four day-schools, a native church, various literary duties, and 
the routine work of the station. Forty such parishes lie within easy 
reach of Suchow, and are waiting for Presbyterian supplies." 

Concerning literary work, the report says : " In the line of literary 
work, the year has seen the completion of the revision of the Suchow 
New Testament, which is now being printed by the Presbyterian Mis- 
sion Press, under orders from the American Bible Society. The Su 
chow Union Hymn-book has also been completed under the super- 
vision of Mr. Mayes, who has in addition printed a simple catechism 
in the Suchow dialect. Some work has been put upon the transla- 
tion of the Revised Book of Discipline in the Wen-li, ordered by the 
Synod of China at its last meeting. This is also in the hands of the 
printer," In addition to this, Mr. Lyon, as a member of the Synod's 
Committee on Commentaries, has corresponded with the missionaries 
of the Presbyterian and Reformed churches in China, and secured 
promise of efficient help. 

On the whole, the work in Suchow is regarded as being in a roost 
hopeful state, and is beheved to require only to be pushed with 
vigor in order, with the divine blea»ng, to yield laige results in the near 

Nanking Station- 

In submitting the report of this station for the year, Mr. Leaman 
takes advantage of the close of the third period of five years in its 
history to take a wider survey. Referring to the Mission Meeting 
which was held in Nanking hve years before, he says : " Five years ago 
the mission found us taking a new lease of life. We had just passed 
through a decade of greatly intenupled and desultory work, old mis- 
aoi>aries going home, threats of retrenchment, sickness, even death 
itself entered to weaken the hands and baffle the best hopes of those 
who were interested in the enterprise. After much delay and many 
difficulties, during which the station was left without a missionary for 
long periods, sometimes for more than a year, we secured in the spring 
of 1882 our first permanent residence on a lot at the west gate of the 
city, granted by the officials in accordance with the negotiations of 
onr Chinkian consul, Mr. Smithers. In the same fall the Rev. R, E. 
Abbey joined our station, fresh from his home studies. In the follow- 
it^ spring another new dwelling was built, which became the residence 
of myself and family on arrival from a relief trip home in the fall of the 
same year, 1883. In the spring of 1884 the building of the girls' 

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boarding-school was begun, which was completed and the school 
opened in the fall of the same year. In the spring of 1888 land was 
purchased adjacent to our compound, and a ladies' home built and 
occupied by Miss Mary Lattimore, just arrived from the United Stales. 
The following autumn she was joined by Miss Lane, and both are 
preparing for work, and laboring among the women and girls in con- 
nection with -the girls' boarding-school. In the spring of 1889 a 
chapel was completed and dedicated to the worship of God in con 
nection with the work of our station, supplying us with much-needed 
room for our devotional services." 

In the judgment of the brethren in charge the tinie has not yet 
come for tt^anizing a church, although so communicants count Nan- 
king as their church home, 10 of whom were received on confession of 
bith during the year. The ordinances are administered by Mr. Lea- 
man, with the assistance of a ruling cider of the Hangchow church, 
who is a helper in Nanking. In this respect the church stands on the 
same basis as a number of those in the Shantung Province, the mis- 
sionaries deeming it best to wait before organizing until suitable 
material for elders has been secured. Those received into Christian 
fellowship have been gathered from the boat population, from the 
country, and from distant provinces, as well as from the city. 

Chapel preaching has been sustained throughout the year, and such 
itinerating as was possible with the assistance of an elder, who has been 
most faithful and effective in disseminating the truth. An urgent plea 
for more help in reaching out to the multitudes in and about Nanking 
is made. It was with reference to this work that Rev. W. J. Drummond 
was appointed to the Central China Misnion last year. He is now in 
Nanking stud^ng the dialect, with a view to taking up evangehstic 
work in the distnct of which Nanking is the centre. 

Educational. — The following brief history of the boarding-school for 
girls and women, furnished by Mrs. Leaman, is worthy of a place in 
this report : "This school was opened October 15, 1884, with a Christian 
teacher from our Ningpo girls' school. I say the school was opened 
at that time, but I simply mean that the doors were opened, for not a 
pupil made her appearance for some three weeks, then one timid little 
one came, but said she would not stay all night, she was afraid. After 
a few months I bad one boarder, and in a month or two, three more. 
I had in this time added a few day pupils. When the school had been 
opened some eighteen months I had about lo boarders. I took any I 
could get, asking no questions for fear of frightening them away. At 
the end of five years I was able to get far more than I could take, and 
to dictate my own terms. Many have unbound their daughters' feet 
to gel them into the school, and I can now keep them as long in most 
cases as I care to, and many of them are willing to provide their 
children with suitable clothing during the time they are in the school 
Now about the religious outlook. They have come, with but one 
exception, and that exception a late arrival, from purely heathen 
homes, and how do they stand now? Six of the older pupils are 
members of our little church. Two went home, I trust, to the dear 
Lord last year rejoicing in the hope of the Gospel. They died with- 

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out a thought of fear, trusting in Jesas. They had not yet been bap- 
tized, but they confessed Christ before their families, and their heathen 
parents say, ' We (eel sure they went to God.' Several more of the 
^rls confess Christ in the school and at home, but as yet the opposi- 
tion is so great in their fiomes that they have not been able to come 
out. These girls take part in all meetings of prayer just as the church 
members do. The first and second classes of girls in the school have 
kept up a meeting for prayer themselves for almost a year, meeting a 
little while at noon. Many of the younger girls count themselves on 
the Christian side, I am sure, and not on the heathen side, although 
they as yet have taken no decided stand. I can only say, ' What hath 
God wrought! ' To Him be all the glory. Our school is divided into 
three departments : a day and boarding department, and a class for 
women. I have most of the time had two or three women. I take in 
only women who are interested in the Gospel, or who have friends 
who are interested in them and want them to learn the w:iy of truth. 
Three who came into the women's class have united with the church, 
and will, I trust, make useful women." As intimated above. Miss 
Lattimore and Miss Lane are associated with Mrs. Leaman in this 
work. The serious illness of the former has quite interfered with 
effective service in the past, but it is earnestly hoped that the crisis 
has passed. 

The death of Mr. Abbey was a serious blow to the Boys' Board' 
ing-Sehool. With the consent of the mission and the Board he 
opened the school a few years ago on a very small scale, furnishing 
part of the necessary funds from his own slender resources. His 
main object was to train boys under a Christian influence, with a 
view to selecting the most promising for further instruction as min- 
isters, teachers, or helpers. In one of the last letters he wrote to 
the Board he refers to the school as follows : " The Boys' Boarding- 
School is gradually becoming systematized. I think that in that 
respect we have progressed as well as any of our boarding-schools. 
The times for reciting and studying have been regulated with the 
precision of clockwork. Mrs. Abbey and I are concentrating our 
energies on the boarding and day schools which are on our premises. 
On the rolls of the two schools there are 26 scholars. We have 10 
boarding-school scholars. I have refused a number of applicants, 
because I want boys with some promise of success. I also desire 
to see a strong Christian sentiment among the present scholars be- 
fore adding others- Our first desire is to lead them to the Saviour. 
I see now that the ideal way of beginning a boarding-school is with 
Christians or the children of Christian parents. I thank the Lord 
that four of the boys have already joined the church, and all the 
rest are favorably disposed to Christianity." Mr. Leaman pays a 
high compliment to the single-mindedness of his departed brother, 
and his untiring devotion to the work of building up this boarding- 
school. Mrs. Abbey, who was intimately associated with her hus- 
band in the work, after a rest in the United States, hopes to return 
ajrain to Nanking, to take up such part of the work as may be agreed 
upon with the mission. Meanwhile Mr. and Mrs. Leaman are doing 
what they can to carry the double burden. 

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Pemra : the '^r-'*' of the coiAtrf ; occuFncd as a minion Malion, 1863 1 1111^00017 
liborefs— Rev. Hesna. J. L. Whitiii, John Wheny, J. Wattec Lowrie, W. U. Lanf- 
doa, and A. H. Cunninebam ; B. C. Attertiurr, M.D., aod wife, and G.Y.Tajrkr, 
tl.D., Hn. Reuben LowBe, Mn, Wherrr, and Hn. Cuoningham; Miss Grace Newton, 
His lluion £. Siodair, U.D., and Ulm Jenoie HcKillicaii: Jfai. Ilm CUiig, Stv. 
(Ma Lan fang, Rrv. Tmg Ying ; sative belpen, 33. 
/■ this country ! Un. J. L. Whiting. 

The Peking Misuon has during the year been reinforced by Rev. 
and Mra. A. M. Cunningham. Rev. D. C. McCoy, with his wife, have 
resgned their connection with the mission, and will remain in this 
country. Throughout a protracted service of twenty years, they have 
enjoyed the high esteem of the Board for their Christian character and 
its confidence in their fidelity as missionaries, and they are cordially 
commended to the churches in our own land. 

The extension of the work in the mission has not been large, but 
in both the First and the Second Churches of Peking there has been 
a healthy growth. The Second Church provides four-fifths of the 
salary of its pastor, a popular and successful native minister. The 
street chapel has been kept open during the year by Messrs. Whiting 
and Wbeny, and various visits to neighboring cities lying within a 
range of thirty or fortj miles, have been made. At one of these places, 
called San Ho, an mteresting work has sprung up through the influ- 
ence of a peanut peddler who had happened to stray into a street 
chapel in Peking, where he heard the way of salvation through Christ. 
As a result of bis communication of what be had heard to his 
ndgfabors, there is now a little company of believers in his native 

The medical work, under the charge of Drs. Atterbury, Ta)'lor, and 
^nclair, has been highly prosperous. Four thousand five hundred 
patients have received prescriptions in the dispensaries, and there 
are two in die city, one of which is for women ; and also one in the 
countiy. Four hundred and fifly patients have been visited in their 
homes, and 350 in-patients have been Created in the hospital. A large 
number have been assisted in breaking up the opium habit. A native 
f^ysician has been placed permanently in charge of the country dis- 

During the summer of 1890^ Dr. Sindur and Miss McKillican ren- 
dered a valuable and self-denying service to a dying missionary of the 
American Board at Kalgan. 

Woman's work has been carried on by Mrs. Lowrie and Mrs. Atter- 
bury ; tbey have also conducted Sunday-school classes and prayer- 
meetings in the neighborhood of the Second Church. By means of a 
^rpewnter they have prepared Bible lessons in the Romanized Chi- 
nese; and have superintended the boys' and the girts' schools. At the 
western compound more or less of the same kind of work has been 
conducted by Miss Sinclair, M.D., and Miss McKillican, the latter 
having of late devoted a large part of her time to spiritual work. 

The Boys' Boarding-School has been under the care of Mr. l,owrie, 
who has had thirty-eight pupils. The Girls' Boarding- School, under 

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the care of Miss Grace Newlon, has bad the same number. Both 
these schools are oow admirably conducted, and are on a strong and 
firm basis. The Boys' Day-Schools number in the aggregate 62 pupils, 
and the Girls' Day-Schools 37, In the Sabbath-schools are found 187 

During the year the contributions of the two churches have amounted 
to $101. Some improvement has been made in stimulating the self- 
help of the pupils in the boarding-schools. Ten members of the 
girls' department are members of the chuich, and take their turn in 
conducting school prayer- meetings. Two more are candidates for 

The tola] membership of the two churches in Peking is 305. There 
have been 29 accessions during the year. 

Messrs. Whiting and Wheny have been engaged a part of the time 
in the preparation of Sunday-school lessons and various Chinese re- 
ligious books. Mr. Wherry has be^n invited by (he Shanghai Mis- 
sionary Conference to take part in the work of preparing a more cor- 
rect and complete version of the Scriptures. 

More or less work has been accomplished in the country round 
about Peking, but whether from the influences of the city or other 
causes, this work has not been very productive. 

The altitude of the Chinese Government toward foreigners has been 
exceptionally cordial. The young Emperor, by a public decree, the 
text of which was published in the Ptking Gazette, has announced his 
intention to give an audience to the representatives of the foreign pow- 
ers. Several years have elapsed since a similar event occurred. 
Statistics of Peking Mission- 

Ordaintd mii^oiutries S 

Uisslonarf pbyildani, Includlnj; Hiss Sinclair, U.D 3 

Homed female Diissiootuies 4 

UuDuricd female missionaries. 3 

Ordained native* 3 

Christian helpen 3 

Mediial a^stants 4 

Native teacheis (male and (em^) la 

Bible-women 4 

Churches 3 

Added during the yeai-. ag 

Pupils in boys' daj-sdiools 63 

" " Kills' " " 37 

" " boardmg-schools (a) 76 

Total Dumber of schools 10 

" " " pupils 165 

Sabbath-achool puirfls 187 

Patients treated. 10,1x10 

Contributions (101 

Shantung Mission. 

nilFs from Cbefoo ; occupied as a miKian station, 18G1 ; 

1, C. W. Uateer, D.D., Charles R. MiUs, D.D., and 
Uieir wives; Rev. W. U. Hayes and vrife; and Mrs. E. G. Ritchie; Rev. Yiu Kik 
i'lH 1 I licentiate, il teachera. 

CHEF^K>; the chief foreign ptnt of Shantung; occufded as a mission station. 18C9; 
missioaaiT laboren— Rev. Uessis. Hunter Corbett, D.D., and Geo. S. HafS, and tbdr 
wive* ; 3 licentiates, 3a helpers, 4 Bible-women. 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


Ckiiiahpu : capital of the Shantune; province, 300 milei south of Pekiag ; occupied 
ai a misdoD statiOD, 1873 ; missionaTT laboren— Rev. Uessn. John Muiia; and Paul 
U. Be^ea, and their wires : Rev. Ueaui. Gilbeft Reid and W. B. Hamilton ; J. B. 
NnI, H.D., and wife ; a belpen. 

Wq Heih : 150 miles Boutbwest Irom Tungchov; occupied ai a stalion in iBSa; 
miisloaaij laboreis — Rev. Mesiis. J. A. Leyenberger and R. M. Uateer ; Rev. Heisis. 
J. H. Laughlin and F. H. Chalfaat, and their wives; W. R. Fanes, U.D. and wife; 
His Emma Anderson, Miss Emma F, Boughlon, Uiss U»ij Brown, U.D.. Uiss Madge 
Didison, H.D., and tias Fannj' Wight ; Jfev. Chang yu-ftmg, Lan yvt-kv)ea, LifiHg-i, 
Lmm jvng-5€ng i 43 teacheis, 3 Bible-women. 

Icnowru : 130 miles southwest from Chefoo ; occtipied ai a station in 1B90 ; mission- 
air bborere— Rev. Uessis. W. P. Chalfant, C. A. Killie, and W. O. Elterich, aiHJ their 
wnes; and C F. Jobnson, H.D., and wife ; 6 native assistants. 

Tlie foDowine names were assi^ed to a new nation at Cbl Ning Clioir, but the 
■nempt at a settlement having failed, they await a linal desienatlon : 

Re*. Heisn. S. A. Hunter, U.D., J. A. Fitch, and William Lane, and their wives, 
J. L. Van Sdundc, V.D., and wife, and Un. X. H. CnHsette. 

/■ tkit ceuntry: RoU. Cohmao, Jr., M.D., Rev. J. L. Neviu*, D.D., and their 
wfrei ; tnA Mrs. J. A. Lefenberger. 


The Tungchow station has suffered some serious tosses ; first, in 
the death of Rev. & G. Ritchie, who was stricken down with dysen- 
tery during the summer. He had been chosen as an instructor in the 
coU^e, a work for which he was supposed to have pecuhar fitness. 
His genial character and earnest missionary spirit had won for him the 
friendship and esteem of all. These providences arc mysterious, but we 
must learn to accept the fsu^t that God carries on the great work of 
His kingdom under human conditions, and that it must ever be sub- 
ject to the vicissitudes which are incident to human frailty. The 
station has also suffered loss in the departure of Dr. and Mrs. Colt- 
man for this country owing to serious ill-health. This leaves the sta- 
tion without a physician, and is the occasion of no little solicitude. 
Most earnest appeals come to the Board for more helpers in the col- 
lege and in the other work of the station. 

The general work has been carried forward as usual by Dr. and 
Mrs. Mills. Dr. and Mrs. Mateer have been absent for a part of the 
^ear at Shanghai, as Dr. Mateer is engaged upon the preparation of 
important books. A part of their time was also given to famine re- 
lief and to supplementing the scanty force in charge of the college. 
The statistics of the Tungchow station and outstations are, on the 
whole, encouraging. There are five churches with an aggregate mem- 
bership of 252. Twenty persons have been added during the year. 
In the day-schools are r29 boys and girls; there are altogether 207 
Sabbath-s<^ool pupils. The amount of contributions is %4,\. The 
station reports i native pastor, i licentiate, and 8 helpers. 

TTte College. 
Tliis institution has now completed its twenty-sixth year, and it may 
well be said to have been the brightest in all its history. The highest 
number of students during the year was 103, the lowest 97. The 
average weekly attendance was 100. I'hese Azures show a high de- 
gree of discipline and of interest. No year in the past has shown so 
&vorable a report in this r«spect. Two years ago 100 were enrolled, 

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but the average attendance was only 81. The health of the students 
has been good, considering the overcrowded condition of the buildings 
and their general want of adaptation to lo great a work. Four students 
have in some cases been obliged to occupy together a room only eleven 
feet square. There is great need that some generous patron should 
arise and by his timely aid provide more ample acconimodations. 
The religious tone of the school has been fairly good. Ten students 
have been received into the communion of the church. The last 
graduating class numbered 7, the largest yet graduated. All (tf the 
seven are en]ployed by the Shantung Mission as teachers and helpers. 
The force of missionaries having been seriously depleted during the 
year, it has been necessary to greatly increase the corps of native 
teachers. This provision, however, should be temporary, as the in- 
stitution now demands the most thorough instruction. Men should 
be employed who arc able to mould the character of the Chinese youth 
and raise them to a higher plane than the habits of the Chinese mind 
are able to secure. Dr. and Mrs. Mateer have been present and 
able to give instruction only a part of the year. Rev. and Mrs. G. S. 
Hays, however, gave instruction for a few weeks in their absence. 
Dr. Mateer has given his principal attention during the year to the 
completion of an important work, entitled "A Course in Mandarin.* 
Mrs. Mateer has, as in years past, given a part of her time to the 
instruction of classes 'in the Christian catechism, at the same time 
having personal supervision over the general welfare of the students. 
Mrs. Mateer also spent a part of the year in work among the women 
of Peh Hing, about aoo miles west of Tungchow. The death of Rev. 
E. G. Ritchie, only a few days after the time when he expected 
to receive charge of his first class in the institution, was a severe 
blow to its interests. His manifest adaptedness to the work of an 
instructor in the college, gave a deeper sense of loss to all the mis- 
sion circle. Mrs. Ritcliie, overwhelmed by her bereavement, has re- 
solved to remain at her post, and find her solace in carrying out the 
work from which her husband was so suddenly taken away. She 
will continue to give instruction to the students of the college. 
Mr. W. M, Hayes, now charged with great responsibility in u»e 
conduct of the institution, has given scientific instruction m astron. 
omy, physiology, etc., to the great satisfaction of the students. 
While the Tungchow College aims at a thorough education in import- 
ant secular branches, its high Christian character has been fully main- 
tained. The fact that at the mission meeting held in the autumn of 
1890 five young men were ordained by the presbytery, all graduates 
of this institution, is an indication of the kind of work that is being 
done, and of the favor with which God is crowning that work by the 
influence of His Spirit. 

The Chefoo station has suffered during the year from the loss of Dr. 
and Mrs. Nevius, who returned at the beginning of the year to this 
country. Dr. and Mrs. Corbett and Mr. and Mrs. Hays, have carried 
on the work with a high degree of success, both in the city of Chefoo 
and in the country. Twenty-one native preachers are employed with 

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Messrs. Corbett and Hays in carrying on their wurk, which is spread 
over a wide and very fruitful districL Four Bible- women are employed 
also. Of his country work Dr. Corbett speaks as follows : 

" During my absence of fifly-three days I received 40 into the 
diurch on profession of faith, making 9a this year. Sixty children 
have been baptized. Our work is, on the whole, very encouraging. 
Wherever we have a school there are inquirers and persons 
interested in the tnith. The Christians, as a class, arc remaining 
steadfast, and some of them growing constantly in knowledge and in 
grace. Within the bounds Of our presbytery about 500 have been 
added to our church since the last annual meetingi and there are 
aboat 1,300 hopeful inquirers, some of whom will be baptized this 
autumn. When I contrast the present with twenty-live years ago, 
when we had no churches, when long journeys were made without 
meeting any one interested in the truth, I cannot but feel thankful 
that my life has been spared to see the goodness and mercy of God 
in this land. Surely, the prayers of God's people have been heard 
and answered." 

A flourishing Boys' School is carried on in Chefoo, of which Dr. Cor- 
bet! says : "The pupils of this select school in Chefoo b^n their 
studies every morning at daylight, except in the winter, when they 
begin before break of day. They appear to be diligent in study. Not 
a word of English is taught, but the Chinese is the medium of all 
general instruction. Chinese classics are taught to some extent ; daily 
lessons are given in the evidences of Christianity, and selections from 
the Scriptures ; sometimes endre books of the Bible and other Christian 
books are memosized. The course requires seven years of study. If 
any have special talents and desire more thorough education, they en 
ter the college at Tungchow and take a special course of six years 
Not a few very superior men have thus been trained, and are doing 
excellent work as preachers and teachers. Boys who prove to be dull 
and not apt to learn, are generally recommenaed, after fair trial, to 
find some other pursuit. They are not encouraged in useless study. 
The pupils admitted to the institution are selected from the country 
schools. These latter schools, of which there is a laige number, have 
proved a most useful means of promoting the spread of the Gospel ; 
the children are educators of their parents, and many are the instances 
in which fathers and mothers and even 'grandparents have learned of 
Christ through the children in the day-school." 

The reports of the station speak of the desolations caused by fam- 
iite in many parts of North China. Multitudes of the people, some of 
whom were once possessed of ample means and were highly educated, 
arc now reduced to great extremity. " Even in good years," says Dr. 
Corbett, " not a few of the people are obliged to mix chaf^ the leaves 
of trees^ potato vines, etc, with their food. It is not that the people 
arc not industrious, but they are so numerous that there are none to 
employ them. Such people, however they may prize education, can- 
not possibly secure it and pay private teachers for their children, and 
it is this class, once competent, but now in utter poverty, appreciating 
education, and yet unable to secure it, that the instrumentalities of our 

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mission work in caiT)'ing on cheap day~Echools are calculated to bless ; 
and since they have to do with so promising a class, it seems impossi- 
ble to overestimate their value. The aim o( the mission is to teach 
as far as possible the liberality of the people, and only to give suf- 
ficient aid to secure a success. Many of the teachers are in 
deep poverty, and, therefore, willing to teach for very small wa^es. 
Possibly in no other form or direction can even moderate contribu- 
tions accomplish so much as in this worlt of education in the country 
districts of Shantung. A well- qualified Christian teacher is a great 
power, not only as a teacher in the school, but as a preacher in the 
community." " So great," says the report, " is the demand for quali- 
fied teachers that last year we saw our way clear to open a normal 
school for the special training of teachers and lay preachers. We give 
a special course of three years to men who have been in native schools 
from eight to twelve years. The best teachers are those who have 
graduated from the Tungchow College." The report closes with the 
appeal, "Ask the Christian people at home to pray not only for China 
as a whole, but especially for the youth. Our hope is largely in the 
youth and children. Faithful and efficient work in this direction must 
exercise a right influence in the near fiiture. How many boys and 
girls in the home churches could each educate a child in China 1 " ,^ 

.■'it*''t: ' ' Chinan/u. 

The missionaries of the Chinanfu station have not yet succeeded in 
securing property for Ihe erection of houses, school- buildings, etc, but 
their work has gone on in the ordinary channebwith a measurable de- 
gree of success. The niissionary staff, as reported, consists of Rev. 
Messrs. Murray, Reid, Bergen, and Hamilton, J. B.NeaJ, M.D., Mrs. 
Mnrray, Mrs. Bergen, and Mrs. Neal. 

Dr. Neal has had a class of five medical students. He has also 
given much time to dispensary work. 

Mr. Bergen has been acting as pastor of Ihe church in Chinanfu ex- 
cept when called away on itinerating journeys in the country. He has 
preached in Chinese almost every Sunday during the year, conducted 
prayer- meetings, etc During the year about seventy days have 
been spent in itinerating. He reports the outlook throughout 
his district as very encouraging. There is a friendliness manifested, 
which indicates a growing inclination toward the truth. There are, 
however, but few genuine inquirers as yet. Mr. Bergen has preached 
in many market-towns, and had conversations with a large number of 
individuals, Mrs. Bergen spent two weeks in the country in the au- 
tumn, and was kept busy talking with women and children. It is dif- 
ficult to instruct the women to a very great extent in their homes, as 
they are occupied and distracted with many things. Mr. Bergen has 
preached more or less in the chapel in the city, where an attendance 
of strangers is always convened. All classes of people have listened 
to the Gospel message and talked with the preacher about it. The 
work is believed to be a valuable one ; it defies mathematical estimate 
as to the good accomplished. Mr. Bergen has also spent consider- 
able time in compiling and translating the Commentary on ist Thessa- 

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lonians, having been appointed by a comtuittee of tlie Synod to this 
work. It is now completed. A theological class has been infitnicted, 
and also the medical students, as opportunity offered. Mr. Bergen 
attended the Shanghai Conference in May Itut. There is a good de- 
gtee of prayeiftilness among the native preachers, as well as the mis- 
Konaries, for an outpouring of God's Spirit uiX)D the work connected 
with the Chinanfu station. 

Mr. Reid has employed much of his time in effin'ts to secure a 
removal of the restriction of the Chinese Government upon our pur- 
chase of property for the uses of the mission. The difficulties attend- 
ing this matter have continued for several years, and with, as yet, Ut- 
ile prospect of favorable change. There are, however, recently some 
iavorable indications. Mr. Reid has preached a few tunes at the reg- 
ular Sunday services in the city, and for about two months he had 
temporary charge of the boarding-school. He has also prepared sever- 
al articles in Chinese for the press. Toward the end of the year be 
entered on a three months' course of training of the theological class. 
In May he attended the Shanghai Conference. The street chapel has 
been placed under his charge, but he has been assisted in this work by 
his colleagues and by native assistants. He has made seventeen 
visits into the country, occupying 8i days. Me has accomplished 
much good directly, and at the same time has gained increased influ- 
ence by having with him a young native assistant physician who had 
received instruction from Dr. Hunter. In this way some thousands of 
persons have received treatment for various ailments. 

No specific report has been sent from Mr. Murray, but he has had 
charge of a district in which he has carried on itinerating work, being 
sometimes assisted by Mr. Hamilton. Mr. Hamilton has spent much 
of his time upon the necessary work of acquiring the language, in 
which he passed satisfactory examination by the mission. Dunng a 
part of the year he paid visits to some of the outstations* of Messrs. 
Reid and Murray. Upon the removal of Mr. W, P. Chalfant to the 
new station of Icbowfu, Mr. Hamilton was placed in charge of Mr. 
Chalfont's Boys' School in Chinanfu, which numbers 14 boarders and 
one day scholar. 

fVei Hein, 

The general outlook at Wei Hein was never so auspicious as now. 
The work of the churches is carried on by four ordained missionaries 
and four ordained natives. The medical work is in chaise of three 
physicdaos, two of whom are ladies. In the outstations 43 native 
teachers are engaged. Seven churches are reported with 1,707 mem- 
bers; 414 have been added during the year; there has been a gain 
over deaths and removals of 298. The inquirers in this district num- 
ber several hundreds. There are 380 boys and girls in boarding- 
schools and 394 in the day-schools. In Sabbath-schools 1,870 youth 
are tau^C The amount of contributions has been $1,115. 

The reports which have been received from the field by individual 
missionaries are so brief and to the point that we present them in 
dieir own words. They show the work of each missionary of the sta- 

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tion, and give the reader a graphic view of the nature and variety of 
mission work in such a field. Tbey are as follows : 

Rev. J. H. Leyenbergcr : " The year has been, by the grace of God, 
the most prosperous that we have ever known in connection with the 
Wei Hein station. There has been a great and widC'Spread revival of 
interest over the whole field, even in those parts that were not affected 
by the famine. No such awakening has been seen since Wei Hein 
was occu[)Ied as a mission field. 

" In reference to my own work, I may say, that I have made five 
itinerating journeys extending over a period of one hundred and eleven 
days. It has been my privilege to receive 123 persons on profession 
of their faith ; 12 children have also been baptized, making a total of 
134. Besides these, 188 inquirers have been examined and enrolled, 
and there are many others who have not been yet examined. 

" One church of 60 members has been organized in my field during 
the year. Petitions have been sent to the Presbytery, for the organ* 
ization of four others. 

"There are now 510 adult members under my care, distributed 
among 30 stations and about 70 villages and cities. 

" Many interesting incidents might be mentioned in connection 
with the work. A native physician was baptized at one of the stations 
in Chang-yi. He immediately went to his home, about 60 miles dis- 
tant, and there made known his great joy, and the new treasure he 
had found. Many became interested, and now there are ao or 35 
persons engaged in study at that place. Many similar cases have oc- 
curred, and it is thus that new interest is aroused and new preaching 
stations are established in widely separated localities. 

" Many of our native Christians have emigrated to Shansi, Driven 
out by famine, they have sought new homes in the far West, having 
to <^t>ss two other provinces to reach their destination. They go out 
singly or in companies. So far as we have teamed, they continue in 
the faithful performance of their religious duties, and thus little Chris- 
tian colonies are planted in those distant regions, which in turn may 
become centres for the diffusion of Gospel light and truth. 

" We tnd it hard to overtake the growing demand for schools. 
There are now zo schools among the stations under my care ; 14 for 
boys, and 6 for girls. During the year, 253 pupils have been enrolled, 
and the average attendance has been 244. Requests have been 
handed in for the establishment of 5 more schools, but the low state 
of our funds has obliged us to refuse. These schools have been, and 
continue to be, one of the most im|rartant evangelizing agencies. 
Many converts trace their first religious impressions to their influence ; 
if it were possible, we would like to establish a Christian school in 
every village where there are church members. 

" In most places, the Christians are allowed to meet for public wor- 
ship on the Sabbath without disturbance. But in some localities, bit- 
ter prejudice and hatred still exist, which only need some exciting 
cause to flame out in violent persecution. One family have lost all 
their possessions, and have been driven out from their home. In the 
absence of the men, the female members of the family were beaten 

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t^ an nnfeeling tyrant, a rich man on whose lands they lived. One 
aged woman was so severely bruised that her recovery was in doubt 
for a long time. These insults and injuries have been borne with firm- 
ness, but up to the present time no satisfaction has been obtained." 

In giving a general report for Wei Heiu, Mr, Leyenberger says that 
there are 1 30 outstations in which there are chapels, and where services 
are held on the Sabbath. The number of vilUges in which Christians 
live would a^^egate considerably over 20a It should be borne in 
mind that these statistics only include the Wei Hein district. 

Rev. RobL Mateer : " After my arrival on the field the first weeks 
were occupied in the study of the language. I spent r39 days in 
country work, divided between famine work, schools, examining in- 
qnirera, and preaching to the heathen. In May I attended the Shanghai 
Conference. In the summer I had a class (^ 33 men for a course of 
six weeks' instruction. I also had oversight of the Boys^ School at 
Wei Hein, and about a dozen helpers. Received, during the year, in 
my field, 235 members." 

Rev, F, H. Chalfant : " My time the past year has been divided 
between country work and study of the language. My country work 
lias been of two kinds : itineration ami famine relief. The latter 
occupied altogether some 48 days, of which 41 days were spent with 
Mr. Laughlin during the months of February and March, at a place 70 
miles northwest of Wei Hein. From that place as a centre of opera- 
tions, and with the assistance of two native helpers, we personally in- 
spected over 70 villages, enrolled 10,300 names as fit subjects for 
relief aod afterward distributed the cash to the individuals enrolled at 
the rate of fifty cents per capita, paying out the sum of $5,400. This 
mediod consumed much time and forethought, but injured to the 
people the actual amount promised thetn, which result cannot be 
secured where the money passes through the slippery fingers of the 
village Esthers. Subsequent to this distribution an interesting work 
has sprung up in that r^ion, and in November Mr. Laughlin and I 
returned and examined 150 inquirers, and organized 11 new centres 
of worship, where there were a sufficient number of inquirers to insure 
■ regular Sabbath services. Many of these men had received no help in 
the relief work, and a large proportion was drawn from the better class 
of people; not wealthy, but respectable, and able to make a living; 
that is, school-teachers, business men, and one doctor. 

"In itineration I spent 76 days, making a total of 134 days in the 
conntry. Most of this time was spent in company with Mr. Laughlin in 
order to get acquainted with the location and nature of his work, the 
most of which falls to me during his furlough home." As member of 
committees appointed by Presbytery, Mr. Chalfant assisted in the 
organization of four new churches in the counties of Wei Hein, Shon 
Kuang, Chang I^o, and Kao Mi respectively. In the prosecution of 
country work during the year he travelled 1,800 miles on donkeys, 
horses, wheelbarrows, and carts. 

" Mrs. Chalfant has made two trips of two and three weeks respect- 
ively. She has also made many short excursions with our lady 
doctors, to see patients in the neighboring villages. While at Wei 
Hcio she daily visits the Boy^ ScbooL" 

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J. H. I^ughlin ; " My time has been divided between home aad 
field work — the fonner comprising studr of the language, occasional 
preaching in the chapel, receiving and connsellin^ with native helpers, 
elders, and others from the field ; the latter, distribution of famiDC 
relief, visiting Christian stations, and itinerating among the heathen, 
in field worlc 174 days were spent. Of these, forty were devoted to 
&inine relief, the distress being not nearly so great as that of last year, 
but enough to warrant one in feeling that he wa^ engaged in a good 
work. My connection mth this work during the last two years has given 
me acquaintance with thousands of people whom I could otherwise 
never have met, and many of whom I think I may now safely reckon io 
the category of friends. My preaching tours in that region have been 
exceedingly pleasant, and not, I think, without present results and 
larger promises for the future. My visitation of stations has been 
equally pleasant. Hardly one but seems to have had a special blessing 
of God. Old members have been revived, a few backsliders restored, 
and scores of new members received. The list of inquirers, moreover, 
— like the widow's cruse — continues to be replenished in proportion to 
the drains made upon it, giving the promise, with God's blessing, of a 
still more bountiful harvest next year, 

" A valued helper — a ticentiate — and several of the members were 
stricken down by a fever-plague. All, so far as I can leani, witnessed 
a good confession to the last, declaring their trust in Jesus, and direct- 
ing their heathen relatives to let their bodies be buried by their fellow- 
Christians, and with Christian ceremonies, 

" Two new churches have been organized, with a complement of 
good officers. In a word, the year 1890 has been the most fhiitfb] of 
blessing of any that I have spent in China. To God be pruse, honor, 
and glory 1 " 

Mrs. Laughlin : " The spring months were spent in the coantry. 
We went to the stations where the women of the church were most 
ignorant and neglected, settled down and spent some time in one 
place, and the women and children came every day, after break- 
fast and Eiayed until noon, then went home and got dinner and 
came again and studied until it was time to go home and do their 
evening work. No money was given them and no food. Part of 
the autumn was spent in the same way and part in itinerant visit- 
ing- We have also given special attention to the ' Temple women.' 
In this region there are great masses of women who visit the temples 
regularly to burn incense, pay vows, and offer prayers ; this is the 
religious class and the hopeful class of women. We are trying to 
reach as many of them as possible." 

Dr. W. R. Faries was absent from his field for a part of last year, 
during which time he was married. When in China he has been oc- 
cupied with the study of the language and in medical work. A month 
was spent in Chinanfu during the absence of the regular physician 
at that station. He has had some medical and surgical cases that 
the native helper, Mr. Ding, could not manage. There have been 
6,000 cases at the Mateer Memorial Hospital, nearly all of whom 
were out-patients. A large number of the patients are from the 

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ciiy. The patients submit to major operations without much hesi- 

Miss M. Brown, M-D. : " Last spring I was in the country for ten 
days with Mrs. Laughlia and Miss Anderson. I took a supply of 
medicines with me and treated a great many cases. I have made a 
number of short trips to the surrounding villages where I have been 
called to see the sick. I also have practiced at Wei Hein to some 
extent, have performed several important operations, and have found 
the people willing to submit to whatever treatment I have thought 
best to use. They seem very grateful for relief. 

"This has been a very happy year for me, I have enjoyed both 
the Tork among the people and the study of the language." 

Miss Emma Anderson : " Of the past year I have spent five 
months at the stations helping Mrs. Laughlin in her work among the 
women. Most of the remaining months were spent in receiving 
women who came to visit us, and those whocame to the dispensary, 
explaining to them what this' Jesus Doctrine' is and teaching those 
who were willing to learn. When not employed in teaching the 
women my time was spent in the study of the language." 

Miss Emma F. Boughton : "My time has been almost entirely 
given to the study of the language. 

" In the spring I was in the country for ten days with Mrs. laugh- 
lin and Miss Anderson, and in the autumn I spent four weeks with 
Mrs- Mateer in the region of the famine relief work of two years ago. 
I also went with Miss Anderson for a three-days' visit to some of 
the country schools- 

"I am more and more interested in the work here, especially the 
work among the women. The four weeks spent in the country this 
fall were the happiest of ahappy first year in China." 

Hiss Fanny Wight, formerly of Chefoo, has been assigned by the 
mission to Wei Hein, and has made a beginning as an assistant in 
work among women of the outstations. 


The successful opening of Ichowfu, situated 150 miles southwest 
from Chefoo, has been one of the auspicious events of the past 
year. The way was prepared by itinerating labors performed in 
years past by Dr. Corbett and others, and by the friendliness of a 
well-to-do Christian convert, Mr. Chang. This man has not only 
rented property to the mission at a moderate rate, but has done 
much to allay jircjudice on the part of his neighbors, and thus se- 
cured for the mission a favorable reception. With the exception of 
some trifling annoyances by boys and heedless men our missionaries 
have remained unmolested and have carried on their work under 
bvorable circumstances. The missionaries assigned to the station 
are Chas. F. Johnson, M.D., and wife. Rev. Messrs. W. P. Chalfant 
and C. A. Killie and their wives. Rev, W, 0. Elterich and wife 
were also expected to join the station early in the spring of 1891. 

Several stations which hitherto have been worked from Chefoo, 
being amch nearer Ichowfu, have been assigned to the brethren of this 

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statioD, and Mr. Chalfant, who has been in the country sufficiently 
long to have acquired the language, has had during a part of the 
winter a theological class composed of native helpers called in from 
their field work duripg the inclement season. This branch of in- 
struction has long been an essential feature in the methods of the 
Shantung Mission. The winters are inclement and itineration is 
practically rendered impossible owing to the want of roads and suit- 
able accommodations for travel, and, therefore, the time is profit- 
ably occupied with adding from year to year new sources of knowl- 
edge and new degrees of qualification to those partially taught, but 
generally efficient Shantung men who have been selected for 
Christian work. The brethren of Ichowfu have been fortunate in 
having had the way prepared for them by the tabors of our own 
missionaries instead of having had the ground burned over before 
them by Roman Catholic influence, as was the case with the whole 
great valley in which our unfortunate station, Chi Ning Chow, is 
situated. To move in advance of the Ronanists and gain the con- 
fidence of the people before the curse and blight of Jesuitism shall 
have filled them with prejudice, reminding them of old wrongs, and 
arousing anew those suspicions which every heathen race has come 
to feel toward Jesuitism, — this is the great desideratum in occupy- 
ing missions in China as in other lands. The outlook of the new 
station at Ichowfu is thus far auspicious, and there is encouragement 
to pray for the continued and uninterrupted blessing of God upon 
its work. 

The accommodations occupied by the missionaries of the 
station are sufficiently humble, the whole property which accom- 
modates three mission families having been rented for a few hun- 
dred dollars per annum. Photographs of the buildings which have 
been sent to the Board indicate low one-story structures, built 
closely upon the ground and poorly lighted. " They are built of 
mud brick and thatched with straw." One of the letters received 
ventures Co say, " One is tempted to wish that some of the more or 
■ess friendly critics who fear that the average missionary is having 
too good a time might be transported to such surroundings as these 
and told that they were expected to bring their wives and children 
to such quarters, one hundred and fifty miles from the nearest 
foreign neighbor, and there take up their abode. I imagine that 
even after they had with much difficulty succeeded in putting 
in shaky board-floors and queer-shaped glass windows (hey would 
not look upon their situation as a particularly enviable one or one 
calculated to foster a spirit of extravagance." One of these low 
structures is dignified with the name of " chapel " and another as 
the "dispensary." 

Chi Ning Chow. 

During the year the Shantung Mission, with Ae consent of the 
Board, took steps for the occupation of two new stations, Ctu Ning 
Chow and Ichowfu. To the former Dr. and Mrs. Hunter, Mr. and 
Mrs. Lvie, with Mrs. Lane, senior, and Mr. and Mrs. Fitch, were 

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assigned. Mrs. J. Fidier Crossette, and Dr. and Mrs. J. L. Van 
Schoick having been added to the mission during the year, were 
also assigned to Chi Ning Chow, though they had not intended to 
enter upon their work until the Elation had been opened by the 
older missionaries. Dr. and Mrs. Hunter and Mr. Lane made an 
attempt to occupy the station early in December. They had pre- 
viously visited the place and rented necessary property, but through 
intimidation the owner bad withdrawn from the contract. They there- 
fore secured private apartments in a Chinese inn, and took possession. 
Very soon, however, they received notice from the authorities that they 
must leave the place, as the populace were determined to drive them 
out. For a day or two they maintained their ground, but at length it 
became evident that their lives depended upon following the advice of 
the ofGcials, and with great sorrow they were obliged to withdraw from 
the station. An additional element of sadness in the case lay in the 
fact that Mr. Lane, upon his return to Chinanfu, was found to have 
developed lung disease of so serious a character that he was ordered 
by his physicians to return home at once to the United States. These 
adverse providences are mysterious, and it is difficult to foresee the 
result. God has, doubtless, plans by which even these reverses will 
redound to the advancement of His cause, but they cannot yet be 
known. Only partial repoits having been received, the statistics of 
last year are to some extent given. 

Statistics of Shantung Mission. 

OrdaiiKd mtekmailes, of whom one ii a physidan aa 

MbiloDai; phfEkluu, of whom Iwo ue women 7 

Married feniate missionaries , aa 

Unmanied fEinale misiioDUiei 

Oidained Datim 


Native teadien BDd belpen ^ 

Chtucbei 34 


Girb In baaidlnHctwolt 179 

Pnplli in dar-MAooto 1,044 

Total nundMr of Kbooli 93 

Total namberof pupils , i><^3 

Sabbath^cbool sdi^an 9,077 

CoDtributkmi. , $1,150 

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San FbakCMcD: miasiini begun 1853; mis^ouaij laboreis — Rev. Uessra. Auguatus 
W. Loomii, D.D., and A. J. Kerr and their wives; Mi3S Ma^e Culbertson, Mis £. R. 
Cable, aod Hiss U. H. Bukin ; three teachers In EagUsh ; two oatiTe helpers. 

AmoHg lie Japama : One DStive supeiinteDdenl and one nalin helper. 

Oakland : miadon bqim 1S77 ; Rer. I. U. Condit and wife ; two teadtert ; one 
■uUive helper. 

Los AlTOELES : two native helpeis ; four teachers in EjigUsh. 

San Francisco, 

From the mission in California the Board has not received timely 
reports, though according to letters received through the year, work 
has been carried on systematically and prosperously in San Francisco 
and the stations connected therewith. Dr. Loomis has remained at 
his post, laboring faithfully, though under great disadvantages, owing 
to the ill-health and protracted suffering of Mrs. I^oomis. At the 
close of the year he is hnding a resort in Southern California, where a 
more favorable climate may be found. In connection with the church, 
night-schools, etc., in San Francisco, he has had oversight of the Globe 
Hotel Boys' School, which toward the close of the year was transferred 
to the direct care of the Board. Much labor and care connected with 
the general interests of the Chinese in California has been laid upon 
him, as in former years, owing to the hostile feeling against Chinese, 
the need of protecting them in the courts and giving counsel, not only 
to those in the city of San Francisco, but to those also who are 
scattered in various places up and down the coast. For inany^^many 
years Dr. I.oomis has been a faithful friend of all Chinese in Califor- 
nia, more or less sustained and supported by the sentiment of Chris- 
tian men and women, but to a large extent left without sympathy with 
the masses of our American people. He has stood up firmly for the 
political and social rights of these people, until he is known throughout 
all the villages and mining camps of the Pacific coast where Chinese 
are gathered, as their staunch friend and father. Mr. Kerr, his faith- 
ful associate, has been taking more and more of the responsibility in 
all the lines and departments of this work, taking part in the general 
oversight of carrying on the work of sympathy for the oppressed and 
unfortunate, in the church and schools, etc He has also given large 
attention to the separate department of work connected with the 

Efficient aid has been given to the missionaries of the Board, Dr. 
IiOomis and Mr, ICerr, by members of churches in Sao Francisco, 
Oakland, Sacramento, and various other places where Chinese Sunday- 
sdiools and night-schools have been maintained. This has always 
been an encouraging feature of the work, and has afforded abundant 

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atl«Ution of the bet that liowever hostile the general current of sen- 
timent may have been toward the Chinese, there has never been the 
time when there were not faithful men and women who were ready to 
devote unsparingly their time, labor, and resources for these people. 
As an indication of the healthy Christian sentiment which prevails 
among our churches on the west coast, however many Christian men 
even, may have been affected by anti-Chinese sentiment, the Synod of 
the Pacific at its session of 1890 sent a strong overture to the Board 
asking for enlarged operations 1 first, in behalf of the Chinese, whose 
diminishing numbers on the Pacific coast only render it the more im- 
perative that those who are among us should be thoroughly instructed, 
and if possible evangelized, that upon returning to their native land, 
as many are constantly doing, they may be messengers — not of evil, 
creating prejudice against our country not only, but our Christian 
fitilh — but rather of good, commending the Gospel which bad been the 
means of blessing to themselves. Among other points presented by 
the Synod was the importance of establishing a training-school in which 
young Chinamen of unusual promise might be trained for direct service 
as evangelists among their own people in China. To this overture the 
Board was compelled to make reply, that with its present resources the 
outlay ab-eady made for the Chinese on the Pacific coast was as large 
as a just reference to its work, as a whole, in various lands would 
warrant ; but it gave encouragement to believe that with more liberal 
gifis it would gladly undertake larger measures of work for the perse- 
cuted Chinese. Mr. Kerr, in speaking of the need of such an institu- 
tion, presents a specimen case among many, in which, with a moderate 
d^ree of training, valuable men might he secured. He says : 

" There is a very promising young man now ready to begin study. 
His situation is about as follows : He has a wife wholly dependent 
upon him, and a father and mother partially so, in China. He nmst 
continue to send them about $45 annually. His own necessary ex- 
penses for clothing, board, etc, would amount to $180 annually; in 
all, $225- He already has a good understanding of Christian truth, and 
would be ready, we think, for full service as an assistant preacher and 
colporteur in two years, if we could purchase a good preacher for 
$450 we should consider it a bargain. There will doubtless be others 
quite like this man, and the announcement of the opening of a school 
would bring the matter definitely to the attention of a good many," 

To the Synod's suggestion ot, increased work among the Japanese, 
the Board gave a somewhat more favorable reply, expressing the hope 
that, although suffering serious deficiency in its supplies of funds, it 
might soon be able to make larger and more adequate effort for the 
young men of Japan, who, to the number of at least three thousand, 
are already found in and around San Francisco and Oakland. They 
have continued to come by every steamer. Some women are found 
among those who arrive, some good, others bad. Christian women in 
California are considering the question of undertaking some special 


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work for them, and especially a rescue fui young girls, who are brought 
over for the worst of purposes. 

Two years ago Dr. and Mrs, Sturge, who had for some time been in 
charge of the Japanese work in San Francisco, were obliged to withdraw 
on account of ill-health. Although an excellent native superintendent 
was found in the person of Mr. A. Hattori, who had spent some time in 
Princeton Theological SeminarVj yet the work has grown greatly be- 
yond his strength or ability, and it was with great satisfaction that the 
mission learned that Dr. and Mrs. Sturge could again be secured. 
They were accordingly reappointed by the Board late in the year, with 
the understanding that they should commence work May isL Mr. 
Kerr, in writing of this step, says ; " Dr. Sturge's past experience 
among the Japanese would indicate that very few men could be found 
who would do so good a work as he. The Japanese loved both him 
and Mrs. Sturge, and their return would create a good deal of enthusi- 
asm in the mission. Moreover, the present would be an auspicious 
time to begin work in Oakland for the Japanese, if there were some 
one who could give time to it and I think it could be carried on 
at small expense. The pastor of the First Church there is interested 
in these young men, and I know the officers of the church are fiiendly." 
Mr, Hattori, m speaking of Dr. Sturge's return to the work as looked 
upon by the Japanese, says, "All hearts are full of joy," 

In a letter of November 13, 1890, Mr. Hattori writes thus of a 
memorial gift and its blessed influence : 

" The Japanese church received a nice set of communion service 
from Mrs. A. W. Loomis, as a memorial of Luitza Saisho, a Japanese 
youth who came to California in 1882, and relied on her as a conliding 
child, since he came with his letters of introduction to her from her 
friends in Japan. Saisho was my peisonal pupil before he came to 
this country, and was a young man of brilliant intellect and remarkable 
intelligence for one of his years. Arrangements having been made 
with the Faculty of Knox College, Galesburg, 111., Saisho entered the 
academic department early in the spring of 1884. It was there he 
contracted or added to the cold which finally settled on his lungs, and 
from which he never recovered. The members ore greatly delighted 
with the gift, and are striving to imitate the good qualities of Saisho, 
and to follow him so far as he followed Christ." 

Mr. Hattori has during the year labored most faithfully for his 
countrymen in San Francisco, both in the maintenance of religious 
services and in night-schools, Sunday-schools, etc., in attending their 
Young Men's Association and visiting them in their places of business, 
interesting them in religious matters 3nd in associated efforts for their 
mutual improvement. 

During the ye^ir enlarged accommodation has been secured for the 
schools and the various forms of Christian work carried on among 
these young men. There is a great need of still more ample accom- 
modations, and it will be a happy day for the Japanese in California 
when they shall be able to realize their hope of securing a church or 
chapel in which they may hold regular services. There is scarcely 
any form of missionary work anywhere, at home or abroad, which 

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deals with a more interesting or promising class, aii(] which has greater 
im>inise of blessed fruits, than that whidi is carried on among these 
people. It seems imperative that our Church should enlarge this 
work. As has been shown in previous reports, a very large per cent, 
of the young men who come to this country from Japan are members 
of the United (Presbyterian) Churches of Japan. They have a special 
claim upon us. They should be so treated as not to lose conlidence 
and faith through lack of sympathy, but rather to gain strength and 
new qualification for the performance of Christian duty when they shall 
return to their native land and dwell among their countrymen. 

Throughout the year young men, who were before either heathen 
or utterly indifferent, have been received into the little church, " On 
Novemt^r 9th," says a letter of Mr. Kerr, " two young men were re- 
ceived on baptism. One of them had but recently arrived from Japan, 
where he had learned much of the truth. He was graduated from one of 
the departments of the Imperial University of Tokyo, and came to this 
country to pursue a course of study in political science. He intends 
to eo to Johns Hopkins or to Harvard University." The instances 
are Dnmerous in which the very brightest youth of Japan, coming to 
this country for university training, are sent back to Japan enveloped 
in the fog and gloom of agnosticism. Such cases of conversion, on 
the very threshold of their American experience, are matters of great 
lejoicing. The Imperial University of Tokyo is, of course, agnostic, 
or if Buddhistic, only nominally such, and those of its graduates who 
have not received Christ in Japan, are in the condition of him whose 
Boul, swept and garnished, was ready for seven evil possessions worse 
than the first 

Los Angeles, 

Daring the year the Rev. Mr. Condit has received permission from 
the Board to remove from Los Angeles to Oakland, owing to political 
and commercial interests which affect the Chinese. The scene fre- 
quently changes in the California Mission. A very few years since 
such was the promise of Los Angeles, and the demands of the Chinese 
work at that point, that it was considered wise to remove Mr. Condit 
from Oakland that he might take charge of the greater work in the 
south ; but the Chinese population of Los Angeles has greatly dimin- 
ished, and, besides, another Board has undertaken mission work there, 
and the preponderance of claim lies again with Oakland. Accordingly, 
late in the year, Mr. Condit removed back to his old field, where he 
will have charge of the Chinese work in Oakland, rendering such other 
service to the general cause a^ lime and strength will permit. The 
service rendered by Mr. and Mrs. Condit in Los Angeles, both in direct 
work among the Chinese young men and in the care exercised by 
Mrs, Condit over the Chinese women found in the place, has been 
faithful and valuable in result. They are welcomed back to their 
brroer field with universal confidence and affection. During the part 
of the year spent at I.0S Angeles, Mr. Condit has preached to the 
Oiinese in their own tongue, and has also taken part in an English 
Kivice, compensation for wluch was turned to th^ account of the 

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mission work. Mrs. Condit, in addition to other labors, has had 
a prosperous kindergarten -school for Chinese children. "The boys' 
school work," says a letter from Mr. Condit, " has suffered heavily 
from the scattering of the boys to other places, and from the compe- 
tition of schools started by other organizations." 


The work among the Chinese of Portland has been carried on by 
Mr. Holt as in the past. The same restrictions which are felt in Cal- 
ifornia, with some shrinkage of the Chinese papulation, have been 
felt in Oregon and the Northwest ; but a faithful work has been done 
in preaching to the Chinese in their own language, and in the main- 
tenance of Sunday-schools and night-schools. Mrs. Holt has assisted 
her husband, giving special attention to the visitation of the Chinese 
women in their homes. 

Very great advances have been made by the Women's Foreign Mis- 
sion Board of the North Pacific in connection with Chinese women. 
The worthy example of the Occidental Board of San Francisco is^- 
ing followed by the sister organization in the north. Property has 
been secured for a home for Chinese girls. 

iVomatis Work for the Chinese. 

The work of the Occidental Board has widened on every side dar- 
ing the past year. The Mission Home is full lo overflowing, forty-one 
women and girls being there trained in Christian living and in house- 
hold work. Of this number thirty-seven are regular attendants at the 
Honie school, taught by Miss Houseworth. Since the founding of the 
Home 320 persons have been received. From January, 1890, to 
January, 1891, there have been seventy-one in the Home, forty-five 
being the largest number at one time, which greatly overcrowded its 
capacity. Of these sevenly-one, some have married, one has died, and 
others have returned to China. During the year three have professed 
their faith in Christ, and have been baptized. All attend divine serv- 
ice at the First Chinese Presbyterian church every Sabbath, though 
they are frequently obliged to have police escort to and from, to pro- 
tect them from hoodlums and highbinders. Miss Culbertson has fre- 
quent calls to render assistance to the sick and dying, and to protect 
the married Chinese women from regular and systematic blackmail by 
" highbinders." She has been forty-six times in court during the year, 
and has lost but two cases. A case now in court is of unusual inter- 
est, and is creating a decided sentiment against the slavery that exists 
in our free country, and is bringing more prominently into notice the 
work of the Occidental Board against this evil. The Home is also 
the headquarters of all the work of the Occidental Board, though there 
is a great want of more conimodiaus quarters. 

The Occidental day-school, under the care of Miss Baakin, has en- 
rolled fifty-nine pupils during the year, with an average attendance of 
twenty-five. Its work has never seemed more hopeful, A native 
assistant of Miss Baskin extends her influence to the homes of the 

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papila in a marked degree, as was proved recently, when, in direct op- 
poution to a lifelong custom, the bandages were removed from the 
feet of a suSering child, who was being crippled for life. Large num- 
bers of Eastern tourists leam in this school, as at the " Home," the 
religious side of Chinese life in San Francisco. 

The visitations of Miss Cable to the homes is full of interest. She 
has now the entree to one hundred and (en families, and teaches thirty- 
Six women, and sixteen little girls with bandaged feet. Her work also 
embraces the Chinese children of Oakland and Alameda, though but 
little time caii be given to these places on account of the absorbing 
work of San Francisco. The Occidental Board also has a Kinder- 
garten in Los Angeles, the only one for Chinese in the United States. 
It employs teachers in Los Angeles, San Jos^, Sacramento, and San 
Diego. I^rge numbers of girls, formerly inmates of the Home, are 
married, and are living in various parts of the State, where they are 
visited by the resident missionary or teacher, and their children are 

Help thete Women. 

The campaign that has been waged by the Christian women con- 
nected with the Occidental Board in San Francisco with unprincipled 
Chinese slave-holders and unscrupulous lawyers, should stir the blood 
of every Christian philanthropist, and should tinge with a blush of 
shame every loyal American citizen. Slavery of the very vilest char- 
acter, and without one qualification in ils favor, is carried on system- 
atically against helpless little girls who are brought from China like so 
many sheep for the Gambles, and while on the one hand the Christian 
sentiment of the women of San Francisco, backed by the broader sen- 
timent of the Christian churches, is seeking to rescue these poor waifs, 
a class of men who disgrace the legal profession are tempted by the 
gold of the slave-owners to aid and abet their schemes. The fight 
has gone on for months and even years. Perhaps never before has 
there been a time when the sentiment of the people at large was so 
thoroughly aroused as it is now. 

The great usefulness of this home and refuge is seriously circum- 
scribed for want of room. The buildings at present occupied are 
scarcely more than half large enough for the purposes lec^uired. They 
are in a bad state of repair, 50 much so, indeed, that an effort should be 
made at once to rebuild or secure other quarters. 

It is felt that the appeal made by this institution, carrying with it the 
CCHnluned weight of missionary motive, philanthropic impulse, and the 
simple honor of citizenship, should find a wide and general response. 
Miss Culbertson, who is at the head of the home, says in regard to 
this feature of her work : 

" Our limited quarters, which will not accommodate more than 30 
Oiinese without discomfort, have been greatly overcrowded. 71 
women and children have been cared for throughout the year. Of this 
Dumber 37 were steamer women, sent to us by U. S. customs officers 
irtiile awaiting their examination by the court as to their right to land. 
Sotue of them have fought hke tigresses when brought to the ' Home,' 

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but have finilly yielded to kind treatment, confessed that they were 
perpetrating a fraud upon the Government, and have been remanded 
again to China. 

" We have begun the New Year with a vigorous court campaign in 
defense of children we have rescued. A case that has excited 
much interest is that of little Woon Tsun, a pretty child of twelve years 
of age. The daily papers have espoused our cause, and by presenta- 
tion of facts, have aroused public sympathy in our behalf, thereby 
bringing the work of the 'Occidental Board' before the public as 
never before. Our Board proposes to carry on this crusade till pub- 
lic sentiment is so moulded that it shall be considered disreputable for 
lawyers to espouse the cause of the slavenawner, and when we have 
once succeeded in rescuing these unfortunates from their pestilential 
surroundings, there will not be a person found who will be willing to 
aid in sending them back again to dens of infamy. 

" The Occident, our Presbyterian organ on this coast, has sent out 
over thirteen hundred extra copies gratuitously, containing an ac- 
count of this particular case, as their contribution to the work, and in 
aiding to riuse (iinds to build a new ' Home.' " 

Chinese Home in Portland. 

The report of the Chinese Home for Women in Portland, carried 
on by the Woman's Missionary Board of the North Pacific, is as 
follows : 

" As we look back upon the past twelve months of our work in the 
Chinese Woman's Home, there is but one word written on most every 
effort, and that word is — success. 

" During our brief history, eleven have received baptism, four of 
whom were baptized during the past year. Of the nine inmates in the 
Home at present, all have been baptized but one, and she has applied 
for the same. 

" We look with wonder on the change that has come over the faces of 
these women after they have been a short time in ' God's House,' as 
they call the Home. There has seemed to be a transformation with- 
out and within. 

" They come to us in such a pitiable condition — in rags and filth 
some of them, and often bruised and sore from the cruel treatment of 
their owners. 

" One little girl came wearing a jacket completely covered with ver- 
min, and on her face was depicted fear and suUenness. Now her 
&ce is really pretty, and love and gladness seem to be a part of her 
nature. A few days ago ^e asked permission to join the others in 
their round of prayer at family worship. What hath God wrought 1 

" Another of the women, after having been cross and ill-natured all 
day, upon being questioned as to her ill-humor, replied : ' Well, no 
wonder I've been cross, I forgot to say my prayers yesterday morn- 

" Every Sabbath morning services are held in Chinese at the Home, 
and communion is administered once in two months. 

" Every Thursday afternoon a prayer-meeting is held, and once a 

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month this service is changed into a missionary meeting, as a result of 
a. Missionaty Society recently organized by the women. 

" The women have shown a great desire to earn something for them- 
selves, so different ladies have sent in plain sewing and crochet-work, 
and in this way they have earned about $75, one-tenth of ■which they 
always gladly ^ve to the Lord. The rest they use in buying little 
things for their own use, thus making the burden of their supi>ort 
easier on the ladies. 

"The sum total of our expenses for the past year has been (944.31, 
an average of (78.70 per month. 

" The Woman's North Pacific Board of Missions have recently pur- 
chased property for the Home, and we soon hope to be in a house of 

Statistics of Chinese and Japanese m the Patific Coast. 

Harried female 
UainajTied itxax 

Nolire helpen. . 

Added di 
Girls in t 
Daj and nieht 
Pupils In day kcA _ . 
T<Xal number <A pupil 
Pufrils Id Sabbath-sdii 
StndenU for minlttr;. 

dducioeUw year 53 

in boaraing-scbool 54 

uid nieht Khools iS 

Chinese in Neiv York. 

This cnission, as heretofore, has been in charge of Mr. and Mrs. 
Huie. It has derived constant advantage from having received the 
special attention weekly of the University Place Presbyterian church. 
The work has been unusually prosperous. Services have been held 
in the Chinese language. In niany instances the sick have been pro- 
vided with homes and medical treatment. Legal advice and help 
have been secured for those in trouble. Missionary calls from laundry 
to laundry have been made by Mr. Huie. 

The number in attendance has considerably increased, and there 
has been a development of Christian character and conduct. 

The Sabbath-school rooms are filled. There has been during the 
year an average attendance of 49. 

The Sabbath evening service, held entirety in Chinese, and the 
Young Men's Christian Association meeting, have increased in num- 
bers and in interest. 

In Febmaiy there was held a union meeting for all Chinese Chris- 
tians, There were two hundred present. One young man was bap- 
lited at the time on confession of his faith. The sacrament of the 
lA)r(fs Supper was administered by Rev. Wellington J. White, in Chi- 
nese. This was the first meeting of the kind ever held in New York 
City, and was a great blessing to all. 

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In March a union meeting was held to present the Gospel to the 
Chinese of New York and vicinity in the Fonrteenth Street Presby- 
terian church. There wefe present about one thousand Chinamen. 
The Chinese Consul anil his suite were there. They were shown stereo- 
scopic view's of the life of our T^ord, which were explained in Chinese. 

The Nlonday evening school has increased since last year. Wednes- 
day, Thursday, and P'riday evening classes have been held at the home 
of Mr. Huie. 

Six of the young men have confessed their faith in the Saviour ; one 
has returned to China. Three others will soon be ready for baptism. 

Mr. Huie reports : " Five of our strong Christians have returned to 
their horn es in China. This makes seven Christians who have gone 
out from us, and all are living exemplary Christian lives and sowing 
the good seed in their native land. 

"The chapel at San Ui, China, which we assisted to build last year, 
is completed, and two of our own men are working in that chapeL 
The Gospel is being preached and taught to both men and women. 

"I have taken twenty sick men to the hospital and to physicians 
for private treatment, and have had one sick man living at the misaon 
under my constant care. 

"A Chinese hospital has been established in Brooklyn. I was 
elected to the Board of Managers and weekly missionary visitor. Two 
dying men in that institution confessed their faith in the I^rd, and ac- 
cepted Him as their Saviour. 

"Collections this year for the various purposes have amounted to 
$34'-47- Sabbath collections for the Board of Foreign Missions, 
$111.77. ''O'' t^ic self-supporting Chinese church of Canton, China, 
$173. For new hymn-books, $13,13. For republication of pamphlet 
on Chinese Question, $22.50. Incidental expenses borne by the 
Y. M. C. A., $29.07. For other expenses, $5. 

" Several times we have noticed and welcomed among our numbers 
a Mott Street gambler. Last Sabbath evening he was again among 
us. He listened attentively to all that was said. The subject of the 
discourse was the resurrection of our I^rd. He stayed after the 
service with eleven of dur Christian men for an hour or more, asking 
questions and defending his own religion. He insisted that ' when a 
man was dead he was dead,' and could not rise from the dead. He 
went away wondering at this marvellous religion. 

" May we not pray that the Holy Spirit will open his eyes to see our 
risen Saviour?" 

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O^anind in i88a : statioD, Goatemala Chj, about 60 miles from the seaport of San 
Jast ; laborers — Rev. Hessn. E. M. Haymaker and D. Y. Iddicga, and their wives ; Uiss 
H. L1 HuDmond and Hiss Iai(^«ne Stuneis. 

/■ tUi analry ; Hiss M. L. Hammond Bud Mtsi Imf^ene Stimeis. 

The past year in Guatemala has been one of intense excitement and 
tnnDoil. The war with San Salvador, although of short duration, 
stirred the little republic frotn centre to circumference. Life was ab- 
ruptly turned out of its ordinary channels ; commerce was interrupted ; 
btisiness was prostrated ; family circles were broken, and everything 
was thrown into the utmost confusion. The sudden termination of Che 
strife averted, or at least diminished, the results of a more protracted 
and bloody conSict, but tt necessarily left everything in an unsettled 
condition. Moreover, scarcely had the troops returned from the front 
until a scoui^e of small-pox swept over the country, claiming hundreds 
as its victims. Still later " La Grippe " visited the republic with fatal 
effect in very many instances. Happily our missionaries were merci- 
fnlly preserved in the midst of the excitement of the war, and from the 
pestilence which walketh in darkness. Naturally enough, however, the 
mission-work suffered severely, so that the progress during the year 
has fallen short of what otherwise might have been realized. The 
ehureh, which was prematurely organized in the early days of the 
mission, has but four members. The service in English has been con- 
tinued, and also preaching service, and a Sabbath-school in Spanish, 
all with increasing attendance. During the earlier months of the year, 
it was fully expected that the new church building, which had been in 
process ot erection for some time, would have been ready for occu- 
pancy before the close of the year, but the outbreak of the war made 
it impossible to secure workmen for a time, and when it became pos- 
sible to resume building operations, prices in material and labor had 
risen enormously. The Government made an issue of paper money, 
and forced its circulation upon the country ; as a consequence living 
became exceedingly expensive, and building material rose in price 
from one-fourth to one-half, and even hi^er. It is the expectation of 
the mission that the church will now soon be ready for dedication, 
MeanwhDe, service is being held in a small building, erected on the 
mission premises, for a printing-house and book and tract depository. 

The Girls' School, which has been in operation for the past seven 
years, almost from the planting of the mission, met with a serious em- 
barrassment during the year. For lack of a permanent home it had 
been occupying rented premises, which included rooms for the teachers 
and a cbapel. The building so occupied was sold early in the year. 
Unfortunately rents in Guatemala Cily had risen so much thai it 
was impossible to secure any suitable structure without paying an ex- 

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travagant price ; indeed, after a diligent search, it was found to be 
exceedingly difficult to get one at any price. No way seemed to open 
by which adequate provision for a school could be made at a reason- 
able outlay. Because of this, it was deemed wise by the Board, on 
recommendation of the mission, to suspend (he school until permanent 
provision can be made for it. The necessity for this step is all the 
more to be regretted, as the past year, notwithstanding the disiuibed 
condition of the country, has been one of the most successful in the 
history of the school. Forty-five pupils were enrolled, and the school 
closed with 33 in attendance. Quite a number of applications had 
also been made for the new year with the exjiectation that the school 
would be continued. It is believed to have accomplished a good 
work in the removing of prejudice among some of the better class of 
Roman Catholics, to say nothing of the Biblical instruction which 
has been given from day to day, the fruit of which may appear many 
days hence. Were the Board in position to purchase property, and 
erect suitable buildings for the establishment of a boarding-school, 
there can be little doubt that the reputation already acquired would 
%o far toward reducing the current expenses of the enterprise. 
Miss Hammond and Miss Stimers, the ladies in charge, have great 
confidence that a school established on such a basis would be emi- 
nently successful, and a great blessing to Guatemala. It is earnestly 
hoped that the day may not be distant when the Board will be able to 
take such a step. 

A ithool for poor boys was oi'Kned some months since, and recent 
advices report 37 in attendance. Of the class from which these boys 
come Mr. Haymaker writes; "They live in poverty. While their 
clothing is kept cleaner than in many places outside the capital, and 
in other countries, it is meagre and inadequate. The little child that 
is bom into the ordinary poor family begins indeed a stniggle for ex~ 
istence. Their physical condition is rendered infinitely worse by their 
moral and spiritual state. The family relation is a mere form for 
those who wish to keep it up. Crime abounds, while under all is the 
spiritual blindness, superstition, and ignorance of the people, all of 
which have been so abundantly fostered by the Romish system of gov- 
ernment and doctrine. To rescue and save these children, therefore, 
would be a humane work of the highest order, but if in addition we 
can evangelize them and set them in the way of temporal and spiritual 
benefit, the work is more than important for the mission." 

Other parts of the work are thus summarized; "In Santa Rosita 
there is a congregation of thirty or more, and a most interesting work 
is going on ; material also for a congregation as soon as we can start 
work in San Jose del Golfo, where there are more than a do7.en 
readers of the Bible and Mensajero (mission paper), three tA them 
former attendants of our congregation in the capital ; a r^ular tract 
and Bible agent in Quezaltenango, and another in Coban, two of the 
most important cities of the republic outside the capital. We have 
Hbles, tracts, and papers distributed all over the country, and they are 
being read and are doing their work. At present one of the students 
is working in two iinporUnt towns down the railroad, trying to bring 

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together some scattered friends of our cause who are known to be 
there, and form a nucleus for more definite work, and there is reason 
to believe that he will have success." 

Mr. Iddings expected, in company with a native assistant, to make 
a trip to Coban in the near future. This is the third city of the re- 
public, 200 miles north of Guatemala City, bnt difficult of access, 
being reached mainly by mule. His purpose was to establish tract 
agencies in the city, and io the villages as he passed through, in this 
way seeking to disseminate ihe Gospel. 

Notwithstanding the discouraging report for the year herewith snb- 
micted, the missionaries are full of hope as to the future, believing 
that the excitement and turmoil so recently experienced will work to 
(he weakening of the grasp which the Church of Rome has held for 
centuries, and to the strengthening of Protestant Christianity. 


Ordained roissionaries 3 

Married lady missionaries - ,^. .. 3 

Single lady missionaries .'. .. 3 

Nuilve teacher i 

Church r 

Communicants 4 

Schools 3 

Pupils (including one boarder) 83 

Students for tlie ministry i 

Pupils in Sabbalh-Echool 55 

Pages printed 30,000 

CoDtribationa tis.So 

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Lodlau and Furrukhabad HFsslou. 
[Tliese misdoTu occupr provinces In the Doithvest of India, with ttatloiu exlending; 
(ram AOahabad to Rawal Plodi, 900 miles apart, on or near Uk line o( tbe cbief rail- 
RBdt. Tbe umM languages are mostl]' In use, and tbe same formi of religious beilef— 
beatlMn and Hohammedan— chidlf prerail. Tlie metbodt of tbe Biissioiu in thsir work 
ue aho the same In both ndsaioDS, and so thefr stations and reports are here presented tn 
tegular sequence. Thdi division Into tvo misslODS is mainl; for eenend and local ad- 


RAWaL PiKDl : 170 miles noithvest of Lahore ; mission station commenced, 185^ ; 
mlsaloivu; laboreis^Rev. J. F. UUinann, Rev. Robert Uorrison and his wife. Hies 
Jessie Dunlap and Miss Agnes L. Oibison; Rev. Raila Ram; native Cbiistian assist- 
ants, nine. Outstalion : Uurree. 

L.aHoitE : the political camtal of the Punjab, 1,235 miles noithwest of Calcutta ; mis- 
sica station commenoed, ibiq; mtsdonaiv l^xirais — Rev. John Newton, D.D., Rev. 
Charies W. Fonnan, D.D., Rev. J. C. Rhea Eiring, D.D., Rev. J. Harris OrblHiD, 
H.D.; Rev.Henry C.VelleandPnrf. J.G.GflbertsonandtbdjwIves; Rev. laa CMaran ; 
Rib, AbdMllak .- one licentiate preacher, two native doctors, and fourteen other native 
»«°«'"'», teachers, colpotteurs, Blble-readeis. etc, of whom three are females. Em- 
plojed by the misslofi— three Christian female teachers Onlitattmi at Vaga, oiw native 

HosHVARPOBE : 45 milcs mrth of Lodiana, mission station commenced, 1867 1 Rtv. 
IC. C. CMattrrJt* and Rro. Mtiiammtd Skak ; native Christian assistants, four licen- 
tiate preachers, and nine teacheia, colporteurs, and catechists, oE whom three are 

Jalaxdhar : 130 miles east of Lahore, 30 miles west of Lodiana; mission station 
commenced, 1846; missionarj' laborers— Rev, Charles W. Fomuui, Jr., H.D., and his 
wife ; Rtw. Golot Natk ; Uixs Caroline C. Dowiu and Miss Maifiaiet C. Given ; three 
Hcentiaie fueacheis ; other natiVE helpers, three. 

Lodiaha: near the river SutleJ, 1,100 miles northwest of Calcutta; ndssion station 
Oommenced, 1834; missionai; laboreis~Rev. Edward P. Newton and Rev. Arthur H. 
Ewing and tbeir wives; Rev. Jekn B. Daitt, Stv. Dkarvt Daj; native Christian 
assistants, fourteen, of whom three are females. Otilstalimu at Jagraoo, Rev. Ahmad 
Stat ; native Christian assistants, Gfteen, of whom three are women ; at Khanna, Rev. 
Jtimal Singk; one native Chiistian aasistanL 

^ miles southeast of Lodiana ; mission station c( 

■Rev. Benjamin D. Wyckoll and his wid 

Llderwood, Uiss J. R. (^leton, U.D.; one 
W. Basten, Jitv. Sandar Lai, Rev. Henry Goloh Natk ; nativ 
Oiiiteen. At a station in the plains, in the cold season, and at Ani. in the hills. In the 
hot season. Rev. Marcus U. Carleton and his wife, and Uarous K. Carleton, M.D., post- 
oSu, Ambala Cantonments. Oulslalion at Jagadri : native licentiate, George II, 
Slaart and one helper. Ovlstalieti at Rupai : Rev. Matthias and one native helper, 
Ovittalion at Uorinda : three native Christian assistants. 

SakaTHU : in the lower Himalaja Mountains, 110 miles east of Lodiana; mission 
staiim oommeDced, 1836; missiooar; laborers— Atr. T, W. J, Wjlit; one native 

Dbhra : 47 miles east of Sabaranpore ; mission station commenced, 1853 ; missionarr 
laborea— Rev. Reese Thackwell and bis wife ; Hiss Harriet A. Sa^ge, Miss Elma 
Donaldson, and Hiss Bessie Babbitt ; five female asustants in teaching and lenana 
wotli ; ten native leacben, etc, of whom three are Bible-women. 

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Hist Hai7 £. Bailex, and Uiss Simn A. hutcbisoa. 

Sahara NFOR e : 130 mild southeait of Lodiaoa; uiuiion ttaUon commenced, 1836; 
misdonarj laborers— Rev. Aleiander P. Kdso and hli wife ; Xev. Kamoar Sain ; na* 
ti*e Christian asalMants — three licentiate preachen, one male and Gic iemale teachen. 

Uazaffakhaous : a few miles south of Sahanmpore, od the lailioad ; station ma- 

/■ His country ! Un. C. B. Newton and cfaildien ; Rer. F. J.Newton, U.D., andhli 
tamilT, and Rev. J. H. McComb and his wife ; Uiss A. S. Getsinger, llba Santa M. 
Wherry, and Hiss Clara G. Williamson, /h Girmany; Uin Clan Thkde. Onkii 
way to tkii auHtry; Rev. C. B, Newton, D.D. 

FURKUKHABAi) : on the Ganees. 733 miles northwest of Calcntta; mladon Hatkm 
commenced, 1S44; missionaiy laboren — Rer. Heifocrt U. Andrewiand hiswife ; iffir. 
ifakan Lai ; one Christian assistant ; two native Christian Bsditanti. OntitatioH : 

FuTTEHOURK : mission station commenced, 183S ; minianAiT laboRit — Re*. C. A. 
Rodney Janvier and his wife, Rev. John N. Forman and his wile, Kin Uaiy P. 
Ponnan ; native minister, one ; native Christian assistanta, Gre. Employed by the mb- 
^on — two Christian female teachen. 

Uynpuric: ^ miles west of Futtehguihi misnon station commenced, iSu ; minioa- 
VJ laborers — Rev. T. Edward Inglis and his wile ; two aiustanti ; twelve native 
belpen, of whom lour are women ; native Ouisliaa asristants, seven ; and at Ontittt' 
lion, foor. 

EtaH (tubtlation) : not distant from llynpurie; begun, 1B73; mitiionar7 laborers 
—three native Christian helpers. 

Etawah : on the Jumna, jo miles southwest of Hvnpurie ; mission station com- 
menced, 1863 ; missionary labiHera — Rev. John 5. Woodside and his wife ; three native 
licentiates ; five native Christian assistants, of whom two ar« females, lliss Cbiistine 
Bell, teacher and lenaoa visitor. Two stibstatioos. 

GWALIOR : capita] of the district of the same name ; miirion Mallon commenced, 
18741 Un. Joseph Warren; Rn. SukiPoi; native Christian assistant, onei 

jHANSi; 65 miles south of Gwalior; occupied as a missionary storion In 18S6; Rer, 
James F. Hulcomb and his wife, Rev. Hervy D. Giiswold and his wife; two female 
aasislants ; Rev, JVaii Baisk ; two native assistants. 

FtiTTEHFORE : 70 milcs northwest of Allahabad; station begun, 1853; mli^onarT 
laborer, one native licentiate preacher. 

AI.LAUABAD ; at the junction of the Ganges and the Jumna, 506 miles northwest of 
Calcutta ; mission station commenced, 183S ; missionary laborers — Rev. Jome* 11. Alex- 
ander and his wife; Rev, James J. Lucas, D.D., and his wife; Rev. Thomas Tracr ; 
Miss Sarah C. Seward, U.D., Kn. John Newton, Jr Hiss Uaiy L. Symes, UIb 
Jeonie L. Colman, and Uiss Uatgaret J. Morrow ; one Christian female teadier and ae- 
nana visitor; Rev, foJin S. Calti, Rev. /laac Pieldbrmn 1 three native licentiates; 
native Christian assistants, ten. 

Jn till coun/ry : Mrs. Thomas Tracy and children ; Rev, Henry Forman and his wile. 

Mrs. Ullmann, wife of the Rev. J. F. Ullmann, died in EnelaiKl, April 37, iSgo. Miss 
Margar« A. Craig died at Rawal Pindi, September 15, 1S90. The Rev. F. J. Newton, 
" " — d his family arrived in this couninr on a visit In M^y, 1890. The Rev. C. P 

it back to his work, but he is erpected to arrive again in June, 

lor the voyage, to accompany his wife and younger children in 

iiing to India. Miss Clara G. Williamson, of Woodstock, rettimed in Uardi. The 


n India in November, ei 
Scott, [Etuming to Woodstock later. Their stations are given in the genend 1st, tnfra. 
The transfer ofthe Rev. H. Fisher from Rawal Pindi to Feroiepore, Mrs. Calderwood to 
Ambala, Miss Duntap and Miss Oriiison to Rawal Pindi, and Hiss Babbitt to 
Dehra, are also given in this list The names of missionaries in this ccontty, bat 
not receiving their support from (he Board, though hoping eventually to retam to their 
former field of labor, are omitted in the general list, viz., Rev. W. F. Johnson, D.D., 
Rev. E. M. Wherry, D.D., and his vrife; Rev. Messrs. Bergen, Seeley, and PoIlodE, 
their wives, and Uiss Pratt, Misi Fullerton, and HIis Seeley. [As this paragraph ma 
to the printer the sad news reaches the Mission House of the death of Mr. Sedey at Hot^ 
ristown, N. v., on the 13th of March, of pnetUDCnU. He was pastor of the ch>m± 

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SioHstics of Churches 




J si 




ik 4 








SahMho. 1 

Ssntokh U&jan and Ani, P. O. Ambola 









Mora^ Gwalior 


Statistics of Schools. 









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t Report tSgo. 

Number of pupils under instruction in ler 
poned. Numtier o( Sabbalh-^chool sctiolara 

i,9&l; In Fumikhabad Mission, last jear, i.^oi. 

as reported, by native churches in Lodiana Mission, $651 
Suuistica will be lound [o the Geneial Sumrnai7, iii/r - 


as 001 geneially re- 

n Lodiana Uission, 

Ccmtribuiion, as fai 


Raival Pindi. 
The varied means employed at this station for making the Gospel 
known to all classes of people have been marked by encouragement. 
Mr. Ullniann, the aged missionary, while continuing his work for the 
press, has taken charge of the Sunday-school, the leper asylum, a 
Thursday afternoon prayer-meeting, and a weekly teaching of beggars 
applying for alms. Mr. Morrison was largely occupied with itinerating 
work, accompanied part of the time by his wife, whose successful med- 
ical "treatment of one or two cases" led to numerous applications 
from people of all classes and ages for relief. It was pitiable to see 
their importunity, especially as no relief could be given in advanced 
cases of illness, and an urgent plea is made for a missionary who could 
both preach the Gospel and minister to the sick. Referring to his 
visits among the vill^es, a valuable remark is made as to their quiet and 
simple method ; " We went from house to house, from village to village, 
talking quietly to the people, endeavoring to avoid the opposition 'CaaX 
must have come had we gathered large audiences." The labors aud 

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influence of ihe native ))astor, Mr. Rata Ram, are vamily commended, 
U)d his wife is a hel|>meec to her husband. Their sujiport and other 
expenses of ihe native church are defrayed by its own congregation. 

Mr. Fisher's time was chiefly occupied with learning the native lan- 
guage, and he can now take a share of the many duties of the sta- 
tion ; but at the end of the year he was transferred by the mission to 
Ferozepore, to the aid of Mr, Jones. In the urgent call for single 
women, Miss Dunlap and Miss Orbison were transferred by the mis- 
sion to Rawal Pindi. For the church and school returns from this 
ftation, see statistical tables on pages 77, 78, supra. 


Referring to last year's Annual Report of the Board for a somewhat 
particular though brief account of the varied missionary work of our 
brethren at this city, it may be well to state here that this work has 
since been conducted on the same lines, and with signs of progress. 
Preaching services, "chiefly in two churches and two chapels, one 
high-school, with eight branches, one night-school, one college, sixteen 
schools for girls, one dispensary far women and children, and one gen- 
eral dispensary," have been maintained. The number of communi- 
cants in the Hindustani church had increased from 97 to i2z. A 
number of the members are non-resident for a time. This churtii of 
native members was under the care of Dr. Newton until his failing 
health ted to its being placed under the charge of Dr. Forman. It has 
not yet obtained a native pastor. The English church, partly of na- 
tives who speak English, reports 56 members. It has the services of 
the college president and professor. 

The college has the services of four of the missionaries as professors, 
though their labors include other kinds of missionary work. The 
attendance of students was increased to 141 ; tuition fees, to $1,331 
from $1,761 in the preceding year, counting the rupee at forty cents. 
"We have a good college building, two comfortable boarding-houses, 
one for Christians and the other for non-Christians. The former is 
the gift of an American lady who visited us last winter." The general 
boarding-house is too small, so that a house has to be rented for the 
overflow. A house for the president is also needed, which about 
$2i375 would provide. The college property, as it stands, is estimated 
to be worth $34,800, subject to a lien to the Government of $13,000, 
without interest, on the land — one of the best sites in the city. The 
managers and professors are appointed by the Lodiana Mission, under 
the control of the Hoard, as in all cases of mission property. Good 
encouragement is reported in the instruction given. " Every day each 
student has some lesson from the Word of God presented to him. In 
this study some of the youths have manifested the deepest interest," 

There are other colleges in l-ahore — a Mohammedan, a Hindu, a 
Sikh, and an Aryan — all including instruction in English, so that our 
Christian college seems to be of no ordinary importance, however 
much its friends might desire to see it conducted like our college at 
Tungchow, China — on an exclusively vernacular basis, but with the 
highest order of modern and Christian teaching. 

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For the other kinds of educational work, see statistics on pages 
aiwve. In the boys' schools 1,013 scholars, and in the girls' schools 450, 
are reported. The schools for girls at Lahore form a greatly important 
part of the mission work there. In the city these schools have been 
divided among three of the missionary ladies — Mrs, Forman, Mrs. 
Ewing, and Mrs. Gilbertaoo — each having several schools under her 
care. And iti the work of itinerating and village preaching, especially 
at Vaga, in Uie temporary absetice of Miss Thiede in Germany, the 
missionaries, aided by their native helpers, are anxious to press their 
labors onward, 


This station has been conducted well, as heretofore ; all its laborers 
are natives of the country ; and thereby it may be seen in a measure 
what Christian missions in India will be when in charge eventually of 
its own people. Apparently none of the stations now occupied by the 
Board are more worthy of the confidence of our Church. Mr. Chat- 
teijee writes that " the simple preaching of the Gospel, as distinguished 
from teaching, still continues to occupy the largest share of our time 
and attention." This is shown by open-air services every day in the 
city, in the chapel three times a week, in a Bible-class part of the year, 
attended by some inquirers, two of whom were baptized, besides a large 
work of itineration from four central towns carried on amongst the 
hundreds of villages by his assistants, under his supervision, " Special 
efforts were made to reach the lower classes, the Chuhras and the 
Chaiuars, who form one-sixth part of the population of the entire dis- 
trict. They give," Mr. Chatterjee continues, "a ready hearing lo our 
message, and even join us in prayer and praise, but have not as yet 
shown an intetiigent appreciation of the Gospel, nor expressed a gen- 
eral desire for baptism. The result of our work last year, besides dif- 
fusing a knowledge of Christian doctrines and awakening inquiry, was 
(he baptism of five adults, three men and two women. Four of these 
are making satisfactory progress in Christian life," 

Three day-schools for heathen girls, with 65 scholars, a reading-room, 
a religious book depository, occupy attention in the city, with some 
encouragement. The Girls' Orphanage and Boarding- School in its 
good new building, erected by the New Vork Women's Board, is now 
well b^un, under Mrs. Chatterjee's charge. It is planned for forty 
inmates eventually, "to afford a home and Christian education for ail 
classes and creeds," especially " for the girls of the middle and poorer 
classes of the native Christian cotniuunity, who cannot afford to send 
them to more expensive schools." It is conducted in the vernacular, 
knitting, sewing, cutting, and embroidery work. The big girls learn to 
cook and do other domestic duties, which are taught with care. '' Our 
aim is to prepare girls who will be useful members of the native Chris- 
tian community, and make their fathers' and husbands' homes comfort- 
able and happy. The fees charged for each giri for board, tuition, and 
clothes vary from one to three rupees — each about forty cents now — 
per month, according to [he circumstances of parents or guardians who 
send tfaem. Those who cannot pay anything are received free." Six- 

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teen scholars were in this school at the end of the year, all in good 
health and making fair iirogress. 

Mr. Chatterjee began his report with a notice of a three days' Chris- 
tian Mela, attended by the native Christians generally, and greatly 
enjoyed by them. A Hindu Mela is all sorts of a meeting, held for a 
few days, or sometimes for weeks, formally for religious services, bat 
largely for purposes of trafBc, social Hfe, etc. It is a happ^ use the 
missionaries are sometimes making of this native custom in aid of 
Christian life. The Hoshyarpore meeting was greatly enjoyed, with 
its feature of cordial hospitality to all, by their brethren in the city. 
No doubt its good influence was felt through the year. 


At this station the Rev. Golok Nath has long been a missionary, 
but " on account of age and infirmities he is unable to do any work 
now." Dr. Fornian has been ordained as a minister by the Presbytery 
of Lahore. He is engaged in both medical and preaching services. 
In the dispensary, open for eight months and a half, 14,069 persons 
sought relief. Half an hour is spent in reading the Scriptures and re- 
marks when the dispensary is open each day. The native assistants 
were useful in many preaching services, four times a week in the bazar 
in front of the dispensary, and in visiting a quarter of the city occupied 
by sweepers. Two of the licentiates spent three months visiting eighty- 
two different villages, some of them several times. Mr. Forman could 
spend but one month in the district. The day-schools for boys report 
47r boys and 86 girls as scholars, making good progress. The ladies 
during a part of the year had to live too far from their chief work, but 
after they removed to the Mission Compound they found several ze- 
nanas open to them, and they are invited to others, while school work 
is more effective. They write that : " We feel the outlook is very 
hopeful. We find the people in the city most friendly." At an out- 
station (Karbarpur), one of the licentiates is doing a good work^ teach- 
ing the Bible in a school, as well as preaching there and in neighbor- 
ing villages, largely among the low -caste people. 

In the church at Jalandhar, after deducting two members for removal, 
44 communicants remained at the end of the year, of whom five bad 
been received on confession of their faith. 


The annual report of this station, written no doubt by the Rev. 
Grant Jones, is so clear, complete, and short, that it may well be in- 
serted here, just as it stands : 

Durinf; the last year the work in this station has suffered loss in several 
ways. In the middle of March, Mr, Newton and his family left for a year's 
furlough in America. Only those who luve bad Eomc experience of Indian life 
can realize the loss which is incurred by the departure, albeit for a short time 
only, of the chief missionary in a station, and this was especially the case here, 
since not only the Christian community, but also many of the Hindus and Hu. 
hammadans have continued to express their regrst at being left (as one of the 
latter expressed it)yalim, orphans. It is to be hoped that the coining October 
will see them returning in renewed health and vigor to their work. 

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The other losses which we have to record, are the transfer of one of our cat- 
echists. Pundit Ratan Chand, lo Lahore, and the death of anoiiier. Munshi 
SuUiman. Although advanced in years, he was exceptionally strong and 
healthy, and it was only after several weeks of fever, and finally a severe attack 
of pneumonia, that he fell asleep on the 3d of November. He passed away in 
perfect peace, and his faith in his Lord and Master was unclouded to [he end. 

Soon after the departure of Mr. and Mrs. Newton, and as a result of their 
efforts, the mission received from Government, as a Rtit, nine and one-half 
acres of land for mission purposes. This land is midway between the can- 
tonment and dty, and on the beautiful Mall that connects tbe two. It is all that 
coi;td be desired for a mission compound, and as soon as sulTicient money Is 
granted, a house for the resident mi:>sionary and his family will be built upon 
it. In view of the great opportunities for work among the native women of 
Fcroiepore, it is to be hoped that before long this new compound may contain 
a bouse for lenana workers, and perhaps a women's hospital. The thanks of 
the mission arc hereby expressed for this invaluable gift from Government, 
and especially to Colonel Lance, the ofticer commanding the station. lhrou):;h 
whose kindly interest and energy ■' "^ secured. We must here also refer to, 
and express our gratitude for, another gift, which comes from a friend in 
America, vii„ a large bell for the new native church. This will add much to 
the effect of the church spire, which can be seen from every direction pointing 
heavenward, and which will, through the sweet tones of the bell, send forth 
over the city near by the glad tidings of the Gospel. 

Tie Native CottgrcgaHon. — There have been hve additions during the year, 
three by examination and two by certificate. Since some have removed to 
other places, the gain and the loss are nearly equal, and the congregalion num- 
bers about the same as last year, viz., sixty-five souls, including children. 
Among the three who were added on examination was a young man, FazI 
lliht, one of the most prominent Muhammadans of the city. He was of a 
religions turn of mind, and had been searching for several years for the True 
Light. Being educated, and a good English scholar, he sought peace in the 
current philosophies and religions, but did not hnd it. That he at last secured 
it in Christ there is no doubt, since he liierally gave up all for his new Lord 
and Master, leaving his wife and little child, an aged father, relations, friends, 
and worldly possessions, of which he possessed much. His firm faith and 
humble walk since his conversion have been a source of delight to all his 
Christian friends. Not to lengthen unduly our report, we would refer the 
reader to an article in Thi Church at Ilomi and AhroadioT \iXie, 1390, in which 
is an interesting account of what this young man endured for Christ's sake. 

Baiaar Preaching. — This has been carried on regularly during the year, at 
least four evenings of the week- The audiences have been good, sometimes as 
Urge in numbers as seventy-five. There is always the disadvantage in bazaar- 
preaching, of having a floating audience. To remedy this, it is most desirable 
that a large hati or room be secured, in which Che audience can be scale J, and 
the distracting noises and scenes of the bazaar shut out. We have no more 
pressing need than this, and it is to be hoped Chat before long a suitable build- 
ing may be provided for the purpose. 

Mtdical fVeri.~~ln the absence of Mr. Newton the work at the mission hos- 
pital has been carried on by the native doctor. The register at Che hospital 
shows the following results for the last year: Number of visits, 13,983 ; num- 
ber of dew cases, 6,565 ; minor operations, 620: major operations, 16; in- 
door patients, 53. 

It is expected that Dr. M. B. Carleton will superintend this part of the work 
nntil the month of March. Every morning during the year the Gospel has 
been read and explained to the patients, and since perhaps the majority of 
them are people from the villages, they carry the Word of Life with them into 
the district round about. 

Diilrict Werk. — Since the hot weather two lours have been made in the dis- 
trici, one in tbe direction of Jalalabad, the other by Mr. P. C, Uppal around 
Uoga. Concerning his visit to the [alter place, Mr. Uppal writes: "In the 
evening I visited Moga, where I preached the Word for two hours, but met 

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with great opposition. But it is to this mominff s visit lo another village that 
I wish to draw your attention. Peihaps you remember that the village f^est 
here formerly gave ua his own huqqa in the presence of many of the vil- 
lagers. Well, this rooming I went straight to his house, and many people 
crowded around, to whom I preached. Rut when I asked for a Aucqa he gave 
me only the chilluin. which can be given to all classes.* One of the audience 
followed me when I left, and told me he was a priest of the village, and then 
I found out the reason why the old Pundit gave me only the cAillum instead 
of the htiqga. It was owing to the presence of this priest, his rival in the vil- 
lage. This new friend, who is a pnesi, opened his mind, and frankly told me 
that he was inclined to be a Christian." From this it is evident thai many, 
who are almost Christians, are held back by bonds, the power of which we can 
scarcely realize. And that there are many such in this as well as other parts 
of India, there can be no doubt. 

OulitaHoH Muktsar. — After much delay the house for a catecbist at thia place 
has been begun, and will soon be finished. 

On Che whole, the work in Feroxepore during the past year has been carried , 
on along the lines already laid down by Mr. Newton. The regular services of 
the church have been conducted mainly by Mr. P. C. Uppal. Rai Mays Das 
has frequently assisted in this work, as well as giving invaluable aid in every 
other department. The weekly praycr-raecting for the women of the church 
has been, since the departure of Mrs. Newlon [or America, in charge of Mrs- 
Maya Das. The Sunday-school also has been held every Sunday after morn- 
ing service, and contains about iB children. Thanks are due to the friends in 
the station who have regularly aided the work by their contributions and 


At this oldest station of our India Missions, the staff of foreign 
laborers had become reduced to a single family, that of Mr. Edward 
P. Newton, after Mr. and Mrs. McComb's visit to this country. Early 
in the year the Rev. and Mrs. A. G. Norman became connected with 
our work at Lodiana, at the request of the mission and with the ap- 
proval of the Board, provisionally, its funds not authorizing a fiill 
appointment. Mr. Norman is a graduate of one of the English Uni- 
versities, and he was for several years a highly esteemed missionary at 
Amritsar, near Lahore, io connection with the English Church Mission- 
ary Society. He is now a member of the Presbytery of Lodiana. He 
Elill retains the warm regards of his former excellent colleagues in mis- 
sionary work, and finds at his present station similar duties to tiiose 
previously occupying his mind and heart. At present he is on a visit, 
with his family, to his native country, but expects to return to Lodiana 
in a few months. 

The report of this station, drawn up by Mr. Edward P. Newton, 
like that of Ferozepore, may also be well inserted here, "just as it 

* The Indian tobacco pipe (Huyqa) consists of two parts. Gist a vessel resembling a 
bottle, which Is partly GUed with water. lutn this an upright tube is inserted, the kwet 
end of which is submerged. A second tube, placed al an angle to this, has its lower end 
above [he lurface of the water and iti upper end iiuened Into the mouth of the smoker. 
Second, a small earthen bowl, which serves as a receptacle for the tobacc^ii fixed to the 
lop of the upright tube, and can be lifted off and put on at pleasure. This is olkd a 
ckillum, and when, by suction, the air In the bottle is exhausted, the mioke passes 
down from the chillum into the water and rising in bubbles filla the racanl spac« abort. 
Hence the term liubHi-bubilt which is applied to this instrument. It a cootraiy lo 
caste rules for a Hindu to allow a man of another caste to toudi hii huqqa, but he may, 
without incurring the chatf^ of impiety, hand hiro the chillum to smoke. 

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In January Mr. Norman, up to [hat time a member of the Church of Eng- 
land mission at Amntsar, on his own application, was received into our mis- 
Hon [provisionally], and in March be united nitb the Presbytery of Lodiana 
at its meeting in Sabaranpore. Since joining us he has been in charge of lh« 
boys' boarding-school, which was left vacant last year by the departure of Mr. 
HcComb to America, and temporarily managed till Mr. Noimaa's arrival, b; 
Mr. Jones of Ferozepore. 

The Sunday and Wednesday services of the church have been held as usual 
also the women's Bible reading on Friday evenings, and the monthly meeting 
of the Women's Home Missionary Society. The attendance at these services 
has not been as good as it should have been, and our only comfort is that in 
this respect our church is not peculiar. Perhaps, however, It is wrong to take 
comfort from this fact. This much, in any case, we can say, thai with the co- 
operation of the missionaries, including those of the Society for the Promotion 
of Female Education in the East, who are iocated bete, all congregational 
expenses, the pastor's salary, ntc. have been met by the church, and that a( 
any rate is a legitimate ground of encouragement. 

Miss Greenfield, uf the above society, has very kindly presented the church 
with a manse, which is in every way admirably suited for the pastor's resi- 

Pressofstationworit has rendered it impossible for us to make any tours in the 
district, but the native brethren have both itinerated andalso preached frequently 
in the villages lying near the outstations, Jagraon and Khanna. The recep- 
tion they liave met has been so far encouraging that the people have almost 
invariably listened with apparent interest to the Gospel, and shown a friendly 
spirit to the preachers. Opposition there has been none worth speaking of. 
One man of the Cbuhra caste was baptized by Rev. Jaimal Singh in a villagr 
near Kbanna. There have also been other candidates ; but without the assur- 
ance of pecuniary aid. which we have steadily refused to give, they have been 
unable to make up their minds to break the old ties. Two at least of these, 
one a Brahman and the other a Sikh, have gone away and been baptized else 

Some of the brethren in their tours have gone without a tent, being accom- 
panied only by a man to cook for them, and another to carry their things,and 
potting up wiu such accommodation as they could find in the villages. This 
plan, where it can be carried out, is in every way preferable to the other, as it 
not only costs less, but brings the preachers more into touch with the people 
of the district. 

It ti«s been our practice for years to preach four evenings in the week in the 
Bazaar Chapel, ivhenever circumstances permitted our doing so. Lately we 
have arranged to hold a service there every evening, including Sunday, and in 
this we have received material aid from several of the lay members of the 
church. There is no branch of our work which affords us more encourage- 
ment than this. The audiences vary from thirty or forty to a hundred and 
more, and it would surprise those who think the work of missionaries is in 
danger of stirring up bad blood in Hindus and Mubammadans, to see th< 
quiet, earnest attention, not unfrcquently accompanied by expressions of ap- 
proval, with which they listen to the preaching of the Gospel, including the 
plain, unvarnished declaration of the highest mysteries of our faith. 

We ourselves have been surprised sometimes when preaching the Scripture 
doctrines of the Divinity and Sonshlp of our Lord, both of them doctrine* 
above all others offensive tothefoUowers of Muhammad, to find ourselves list. 
ened to throughout, by Hindus and Mubammadans alike, with scarcely a sign 
eves of disapproval. Looking back to the time when we took up the work hert 
which our predecessors left to us, we see a marked change in this respect in the 
attitude of the people toward the Gospel. Onlylet not ourpeople at home grow 
imnUient, and they will in time see abundant results of their work In India. 

But the time is not yet come. Any laxness In their efforts, or any attemptf 
to force it on by the adoption of false methods, must eventu^ly result only in 
disaster. We write thus because we think that already we see in some quar 
ten signs of such impatience. 

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In the schools for Hindu and Mtdiammadan boys (he average number of pnpils 
for the year has been 55B. Seven boys passed Ibe last matriculation examination 
of the Panjab and Calcutta Universities, 37 the middle school, ao the upper 

Srimary, 21 the lower primary, and 48 the infant standard examinations. 
iwing to a curtHilmeiic of our funds by the Board in New York it became 
necessary to close the school in Khanna about the middle of the year. 

The work in ^rls' schools and zenanas has been earned on as usual, under the 
supervision of Mrs. Newton, and only a few of the less hopeful pupils have been 
given up ; but oning to the removal of Misses Downs and Given to Jalandhar, 
and the necessity for one lady managing the work of three, no evangelistie 
work in the district has been passible, nor have half the opportunities of speak- 
ing to women in the city been utilized. The average attendance in the schools 
Is about the same as lasi year, and there has been steady progress in all the 
subjects taught. The three zenana teachers have done their work failhfuUj 
and well, and have shown a real desire for the conversion of their pupils. 

Mr. Nonnan writes : "The charge of the boys' boarding-school fell to my 
lot in January last. A feature very worthy of notice was the new fee system 
enjoined by the mission. The old plan, by which scarcely any fees were 
levied in ^ndia, and which had turned the school almost into a charity and 
orphan institution, was rightly stopped, for such was not the purpose for which 
the school had been founded. It was, therefore, necessary to introduce new 
regulations, by which full fees, with certain specified exceptions, are to be paid 
for each boy. 

"The sudden application of this scheme would have reduced the numbers from 
57 to 30 at once. But the spirit of the rules has been carried out. There are 
now not more than twelve boys who are perfectly free, and of these, two leam 
trades entirely. Of the remaining 57 boarders now at least 30 pay full fees. 
The rest pay from one to five rupees each. No new boys, with the exceptit>n 
of one convert, have been admitted free, and he learns a trade. But it is very 
encouraging to note that under this new rigime, though some boys have been 
sent away and others expelled, the number of boarders has risen from S7 to 
7g. The day-scholars, in number about 34, pay fees according to the Govern- 
ment Education Code. There is every hope that a Government grant wiU be 
obtained by the close of the year. 

"The teaching staff of the school is up to the mark, though this year no 
boy passed the entrance examination. 

" The trades require intelligent development, which is somewhat difficult for 
one who has been hitherto a bookworm. A regular system of Scripture in- 
struction has been introduced, with a progressive knowledge of the Shorter 
Catechism from the lower classes. A night school has been introduced for the 
trade boys. Careful attention has been paid to the establishment expenses, 
with a view of curtailing needless expenditure. Endeavors are now made to 
foster the love of healthy bodily games, such as cricket, in the new and exten- 
sive lield that has been lent to the school. 

"The buildings are, on the whole, all that can be desired, though, if the 
numbers increase, a large hall will be required for the assembly of all the 

" In the religious and moral lone of the school there is still much to desire, 
though not a few boys show manifest tokens of the work of God's grace. It 
is to be hoped that strict discipline coupled with patient love may work great 

"This school and its sister institution at Balala [English Episcopal] may 
justly be considered the sources from which we should look to a great extent 
for the progress of the cause of the Gospel in the Panjab and India. May 
God indeed grant that boys who go out from these schools may be greatly 
used by God in this dark and heathen country." 

The Ptess has, in conformity with the action of the mission at its meeting 
in the end of 18S9, been leased for a term of five years (o Mr. Wylie, one of 
the Elders o( our church, and he is now alone responsible for its manage- 

The Hindustani newspaper, NurAfshan, has continued to be published reg- 

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ularly each Thursday throughout the year, and under its new Assistant Editor, 
Uunshl Hasan Ali, has, we believe, improved in cbaracler. It carries (be 
Gospel into many places which we are unable to reach personally. 

We have again to thank the Religious Tract Society- of London for their 
liberal donation of paper for (he publication of this periodical. 

The Txxiiana church reports 107 members at the end of the year, 
including 15 received in the year, ail on confession but three. The 
number of scholars was 715, of whom 107 were boys in the boarding- 
schools, and 50 were girls in day-schools. In Sunday-schools, 311. 
Contributions of native Christians, $158, besides what was given to 
support the church. 

At this twofold station, first in the old city of 50,000 inhabitants, 
and also at the cantonments, four or five miles distant, where a con- 
siderable population has grown up around the military force, the mis- 
sionary work has been carried on as heretofore, by Messrs WyckofT 
and W. J. P. Morrison, Miss Carleton, M.D., Miss Janvier, who is 
employed by the mission, with the consent of the Board, three 
native ministers, and eleven other native assistants, two of them 
females. Mr. Morrison's feeble health made it necessary for him to 
live part of the year at Sabathu, and he spent some lime in preach- 
ing to English soldiers, 300 in number, for which service remunera- 
tion is made by the Governor. No report of his work has been 

Mr. Wyckoff reports the usual kinds of missionary work, preaching 
in the church and in the bazaar, and also on journeys ; supervision of 
schools, in which 806 scholars are reported, of whom 36 are girls ; 
there are also some women and girls under instruction in zenanas, 
visited by Miss Janvier and an assistant. Sunday-school teaching was 
attended by over 900 scholars, mostly the same as in the day-schools. 
The itinerant work met sometimes with marked interest ; at other 
times with some discouragement, - The church was divided by the 
Presbytery into two churches ; for years there had been two congre- 
gations, one in the city, the other at the cantonments. Eleven mem- 
bers were received, including four converts from the Ambala le])er 
asylum. Most of the lepers in this asylum, 39 in all, are converts to 
Christianity. Miss Carleton, M.D., has the medical charge of this 
asylum. And she is most devoted to patients in the dispensary and in 
Eamilies; about 15,000 having been ministered to at the former, be- 
sides many visits at their homes. Such large and devoted medical 
service, 50 valuable for its benefit to the suffering, and for its influence 
in favor of the religion from which it springs, can yet leave but little 
time for directly religious teaching. This remark may be partly qual- 
ified by Mr. Wyckoff's statement concerning work for the lepers, 
which he cximmends as an evangelistic agency. " For ultimate anii 
(ar-reaching effects, we look more to our educational system ; but for 
what are t^led immediate results, we do not know of any branch of 
our mission work which is more hopeful, than the labor which is 
bestowed on these poor sufierers." This is well slated, and it includes 
both the medical and the teaching lessons. 

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Otdstafion work from Anibala. The Rev. M. M. Carleton and 
his wife, and M. B. Carleton, M.D., P.O. address Ambala Canton- 
ments, are still occupied in the cold season at Santokh Mtijara, 
in the district of Karnal, and at Ani, in the lower Himalaya mount- 
ains, the rest of the year, their work being apparently confined to these 
two places. From Dr. Carleton no report has been received. From 
his father, Mr. Carleton, a report by his wife gives an account of the 
work at the two places above mentioned. His severe illness foi 
eight months made it impossible for Mr. Carleton to continue his 
usual labors ; but after the middle of August he was in so far recovered 
as to conduct one service each Sabbath. A day-school is held five 
days in the week at the Hill station, reporting eight scholars at the 
end of the year. Of the eight church members at Santokh, three were 
suspended for immorality, leaving five communing members. The 
number at Ani, not reported ; last year it was reported as seven. 
Mrs. Carleton conducted a Bible-class each Sabbath at [he former 
place, and the Sunday-school at the latter ; but not with large attend- 
ance at either. 

The outstation work at Jiupar, Jagadru i^i^d Morinda was con- 
ducted last year by native laborers, the Rev. Messrs. Matthias and 
Henry Golok Nath. George H. Stuart, licentiate preacher, and five 
catechists, and greatly aided during part of the year by the Rev. C. B. 
Newton, D.D. Their labors were marked by some encouragement ; 
two converts were b^tized, one by Mr. Golok Nath, the other by Dr. 

These outstations are in the district in the plains, from Ambala 
eastward to the foot of the Hills near Sabathu, a region often visited, 
by our missionaries ; and the people have become influenced favora- 
bly toward the Christian faith. A few years ago, some Baptist agents 
came into this field, and made a few converts ; but the English Bap- 
tist Missionary Society requested our brethren to take over this work. 
This could not be immediately done. Dr. C. B. Newton was by the mis- 
sion stationed at Ambala on his return to India, partly for this good 
purpose. On conferring with the Baptist agents, however, it soon be- 
came evident that they had changed their wishes, and so this matter 
ended. Dr. Newton gives a satisfactory account of interviews with 
some of the parties concerned, but it is well to leave Jthem in abey- 

After three months at Rupar and Morinda, trying to restore the 
church at the. latter place, and not without some success, Dr. Newton 
went to Lahore to relieve Dr. Ewing, President of the College, who 
was com|>eUed Co go to the Hills for his health. Two months and a 
half were well spent in this service, but his own health gave way by 
the time of Dr. Swing's return, and a resort to the Hills became neces- 
sary, so that it was toward the end of the year when the itinerant 
work at Rupar could be resumed. 


The work of the iiative evangelist, the Rev. T. W. J. Wylie, at this 

station, and of a native assistant, continues much as heretofore. The 

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leper asylum and its church are its chief features. There are about 
eighty inmates in the former and sixteen or more commnnicants in the 
latter, no separate report of this station having been received. The 
larger part of the asylum's expenses is defrayed by the liberality of 
European fnends. 


A good account is given by Mr. Kelso of the church, both in its 
English and Hindustani services. The attendants at the former con- 
tributed liberally toward the church expenses. Sixty-five communi- 
cants are reported, including five received last year, of whom four on 
examination. The usual bazaar preaching services were maintained 
fonr evenings in the week. Sunday-school and prayer- meetings were 
well kept up. The ladies of the mission conducted an interesting 
meeting for five of the wives of students in [he Theological Seminary, 
and of several of their children. The schools at this station are making 
the usual good progress, 39 boys in the orphan school, zo3 boys and 
180 girls in the day-schools. Zenana work was kept up by Mrs. 
Kelso and the supervision of the schools for gitls. In September 
Mrs. Forman's active services were interrupted by her serious illness, 
making it necessary for her and Mr. Forman to visit this country, but 
they hope to return to their work in a few months. 

The number of students in the Theolt^ical Seminary was thiity-one: 
in the Senior class, 8 ; Middle, 7 ; Junior, 7 ; Preparatory, 9. Two 
of these withdrew during the year. The Senior class graduated, arid 
went to different places to enter on active labor; one of them, 
belonging to the Scotch United Presbyterian Mission in Rajputana, 
to Jeypore. 

The necessary absence of Mr. and Mrs. Forman in the latter pvt 
of the year added not a little to the labors of the other missionaries ; 
but besides his usual work the native evangelist, Mr, Kanwar Sain, 
gave some assistance in the Seminary. Two special courses of lectures 
are referred to with great interest, one by the Rev, C. W, I'orman, 
D.D., of I^hore, and the other by the Rev. G. Macalister, M.A., of 


The death of the Rev. Prabhu Das in September was a serious loss 
to the native church. He was in the midst of his days, faithful in his 
labors, and much respected by all, both natives and foreigners. The 
cholera, of which he died, caused great distress in Dehra, but the other 
miEsionaries and their families were kept in safety. It is hoped that 
another pastor will soon occupy his place. Through removals of some 
and the poverty of others, the members of this church are ill able now 
to support their minister. The same is partly true of the English 
church) on account of absence in the Hills, but there may be an im- 
provement in this respect, and the attendance continues to be good. 
The names of members absent and not expected to return have been 
omitted from the register, so that, though seven new members were 
received last year, the number on the roll is less, the decrease being 
from 44 'o 3^' ^' ""^ seven new communicants, five were from the 

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Girls' Board ing-School and two from another school, who may all be 
expected to engage in useful work for Christ when they leave Dehra. 
The varied tabors of Mr. Thackwell have evidently been equal to the 
fiill measure of his health and strength, and attended with clear evi- 
dences of the Divine blessing. 

The schools at this station report 540 scholars^ of whom 403 are 
boys and 5^ gii'ls in day-schools, and 81 in the Christian Girls' Board- 
ing-School, paying for their expense according to the means of their 
parents. In the Sunday-schools the attendance reported is 340, in- 
cluding, no doubt, many of the day-scholars. The number under 
instruction in zenanas is not reported. It is difficult to report them, 
their attendance being irregular and varying; but it is important to 
enter doors open, or ])artly open, that have been closed for ages, eveti 
if systematic study is often not yet practicable. The Christian Girls^ 
SchiK)! has made good progress under Miss Wherrj's vigorous superin- 
tendence. In the instruction of this school, Miss Savage, who will 
take charge of the school, for which she is very competent, on Miss 
Wherry's visit to this country. The other young ladies. Miss Donald- 
son and Miss Orbison, were still studying the language, but also ren- 
dered aid in school work. The latter is now at Rawal Pindi, with Miss 
Dunlap, at the request of the ndssion. This school is partly industrial, 
the scholars being trained in household and domestic work as well as 
in ordinary educational lessons. Its religious inlluences are excellent. 
Five of the scholars were received last year as communicants by the 
Dehra church. There is also in this school a class in training for 
zenana work, consisting of five young women, natives of the country, 
speaking both Hindustani and English, from whose services future use- 
fulness may well be expected. Miss Geisinger, on her return to India, 
which is still expected, will find the zenana department of her work 
one of growing interest and importance. Mrs, CalderWood's work on 
this line for the last year was of marked usefulness, which will no doubt 
be continued at Ambala, to which she has been transferred by the 
request of the mission. 

Landour ; Woodstock Seminary. 

Mrs. J. I-. Scott continues in the charge of this school, though her 
health requires the lightening of her responsible duties. Her step- 
daughter, Miss Anna K. Scott, has returned to India, her health being 
much improved, and she will be of great assistance to her mother. 
Two of the teachers, however, have retired from this seminary — Miss 
Irene Grifihth, constrained by changes in her family to return to this 
country, and parting from the Board with its kind wishes for her con- 
tinued usefulness and comfort, and Miss Emily G. Foote on her mar- 
riage to the Rev. John N. Forman, of Futtehgurh. Miss Clara G. 
Williamson, another teacher, has returned to this country on a visit. 
Other teachers should be sent to Mrs. Scotf s aid, and one under ai>- 
pointment as a missionary will probably be sent in September. 

The number of scholars at the last report was 103, daughters of mis- 
sionaries of our own and other churches, a few native girls, a few of 
English parentage, and others of Eurasian families, all paying tuition 

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fees. Nineteen of the scholars were received last year as communi- 
cants in the churches of I.andoiir. 

A report of this seminary was made in July by ihe Rev. Drs, Lucas 
and Ewing, one from each mission. They speak of it as by common 
consent one of the best schools of ihe higher grade for giHs that is to 
be found in India, and of Mrs. Scott's sii|>erintendence of it as in all 
respects admirable. She has greatly enlarged the buildings, ex|>ending 
on them from the income of the seminary Rs.90,000, or over $36,000 ; 
bnt even yet many applicants for admission as scholars have to be re- 
fused for want of room — many the last year, as well as before. A 
grant for a new building as a dormitory, which is greatly needed, a new 
roof for one of the buildings, and the removal of a small debt the 
brethren urge the Board to provide for by a ^ant of $6,000 as soon as 
it is at all practicable, in view of the condition of its funds. But the 
new roof is an imperative need now, the old one having been wrecked 
lately, and only a poor and temporary provision having been made to 
supply its place. The brethren suggest that the Women's Auxiliary 
Society, specially interested in this seminary, could probably, by ite 
Kberat devising, soon accomplish these most desirable ends. They lay 
emphasis on the great good accomplished in past years — the numerous 
admissions of scholars to the communion of the church, the graduates 
now in homes of their own, or as teachers exemplifying the doctrines 
of the Gospel in many places amongst the heathen. And they warmly 
suggest that Mrs. Scott should be allowed a time of rest in this coun. 
try, after so many years of severe labor, as soon as a suitable lady can 
be found to relieve her. In this suggestion the Board readily concurs. 


At the large city of Furrukhabad and the neighboring places, Futteh- 
guih and Rakka, the ranks of the missionaries have been strengthened 
by the arrival of the Rev. and Mrs. H, M. Andrews, designated to this 
part of the Seld by the mission, and the marriage of the Rev. John N. 
Forman to Miss Emily G. Foote, of the Woodstock Seminary. The 
usual kinds of work as heretofore reported have been maintained, and 
they are described with interest by Mr. Janvier, but unhappily his re- 
port was received too late for particular use here. It contains infor- 
mation that may find a place in the pages of the Church- The schools, 
the orphanage, visits to bazaars and villages, attendance at a Mela, or 
assemblage of large numbers of people for heathen worship, but also 
for bartering many things, the building of a much-needed church, etc, 
are all referred to in this report. Its general tenor is encouraging and 
hopeful, though no additions to the church could be mentioned. For 
statistics see pages 77, 78, supra. 

The work of church-building was interrupted by many hindrances 
but an additipnal remittance of $1,000 which the Board felt constrained 
to make would complete the edifice before the rainy season of this 

Mr. Janvier refers to the ordinary work as follows : 

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92 india—fuurukhabad. futteugukh. 

no( engaged with other services, lo join in ihe preaching in front of oar new 
church buitdinj; in Fumikhabad, where we have generally had good-siied and 
acteniive audiences, and since Mr. Fonnan'a return I have continued to aid in 
the work there with as much regularity as possible. The only mamiHg street 
preaching in which 1 have been able Eo take part is that tn Fotebgarb Bauar 
on Tuesdays and Fridays. 
He then adds : 

A sperial interest was added to this last summer by one of our few expe- 
riences here of organiied opposition — not this time, slrange to say, from the 
Arytls, but from the orthodox Hindus. Mr. Forman and I had heurd that a 
subscription had been raised for the " destruction of Christianity," and that 
the first outcome of it would be systematic opposition preaching near our 
stand. Sure enough, one Tuesday moining a group of young men, conspic- 
uous for the multiplicity of sacred daubs on their foreheads, began preachmg 
about fifty yards from us. The novelty of the new movement Kas too :nuch 
for our hearers. We were soon left with no one, while our opponents tri- 
umphantly harangued an immense crowd. Afterwards we reasoned with oar 
young rivals, assiuing them of our friendliness, and oficring to make any 
arrangement of time and place which, while permitting them to preach as muui 
as they pleased, would leave us unmolested. But we saw at once that nothing 
short of absolutely silencing us would satisfy them ; so, determining not to 
yield even so far as to try another location, we came again, as usual, mustering 
our best preachers, and giving Che word beforehand — " Short addresses, to be 
interrupted by the singing of a bhajan the instant there is a break in our crowd." 
A partial gain was the result. We held our audience fairly well, but they had 
a larger one I Bound to be behind us In nothing, they astonished us next 
time — and drew the crowd, too — by following our lead as to singing ! Then 
we brought into successful use some large Scripture pictures painted on cloth, 
taking them as texts for brief sermons. The following Friday they had pictures 
too 1 But about this time the return for vacation of one of our theological 
Students, who had an accordign, gave us a great advantage. Even zeal for 
Hinduism could not resist the attractions of the musical accompaniment to the 
bhajans, and we preached to a growing crowd of attentive listeners, while our 
friends across the way were almost deserted. Their zeal flagged in the face 
of decreasing numbers, and after a few more spasmodic efforts, they left as to 
preach in peace. 

Mr. J. N. Fortiian reports the earlier months of the year as spent at 
Datia, "a fine little walled city of 28,000 inhabitants, and at other 
places in the dtstKct of Bundelkunti, of which Jhansi, not far distant, 
may be regarded as one of its northeastern cities." His plan of work 
itivolved living in the most economical way, similar to that of the 
natives. He gives an interesting account of his experiences. As in 
other hke cases, this plan, after earnest trial, proved to be inexpedi- 
ent, as he was well convinced, and it was relinquished ; but the gen- 
eral idea of itinerating and preaching work has been followed by Mr. 
Forman in the Fumikhabad district. In this moderate-sized district, 
he speaks of nearly 4,000 villages, besides larger towns, which are 
accessible by missionaries. In evening services especially, when the 
people have finished their day's wutk, good audiences will give 
attention to speakers who can address them in their own tongue. 
Well may the Church long for more preachers of the Gospel in such a 
field, especially for more native Christian preachers, with gifts and 
grace for the great work now waiting for them, Miss Forman has now 
gained such a knowledge of the native language that she can enter on 
work for the women and children. She met with some Sadha, also, & 

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class of Flindu ascetics, to whom the Gospel was spoken, and her 
work in general was encouraging. 


The laborers at this station were the sanie as last year. 

Mrs, Inglis writes to one of the Women's Boards, " Our giila' schools 
still number ten. Two have been closed, and two new ones opened. 
The two boys' schools .... have now been put in the care of one (rf 
the catechists. Over fifty zenanas are now open to our three Bible- 
women, and the work of supervision was becoming too extensive for 
the number of our workers." As to these day-schools in the vernacu- 
lar, and as to zenana work, and the plans now adopted as just stated, 
Mrs. Inglis adds : " This we are only enabled to do because we hare 
four educated and mature native Christian women in our midst, three 
of whom are Hble-women, Sundri, Jemima, and Die Persandi ; and 
one, Ruth, who teaches in the new Hindi school for girls." Particu- 
lar infomiation is given of the work of these good women, which will 
probably appear in the report of the W, F. M. S. The station is 
greatly favored in having such v^uable aid as is given by these and 
other native Christian helpers. 

The report of Mr. Inglis arrived at the Mission House too late for 
particular use here. He was engaged in the usual lines of missionary 
labor, esi>ecially in supervising the chief school ; in the services of 
the ditirch ; and in other local engagements. Two new communi- 
cants were received, but three were taken from the list, by removal to 
other places. The native assistants are commended as efficient and 
useful, especially in bazaar and village labors. The substation at 
Etak was visited by Mr. and Mrs. Inghs, on a tour for health and for 
evangelistic work, and a good account is given of the work there by 
the three native helpers, one of whom is now an aged man, but still 
useful in varied ways and highly respected. 

Mr. Tracy, go long at this station, made a sliort visit to his wife and 
children in this country. Returning to India in October, he removed 
to Allahabad as his station, at the request of the mission. For Miss 
Bell's work reference is made to the report of one of the Women's 
Auxiliary Boards. After twenty years of faithful work at Etawah and 
its neighborhood, she is permitted to speak very ho|)efully of her visits 
among the women in many villages, and among the poorer families as 
well as in bazaars and zenanas in Etawah and other large towns. She 
can "truly say that the Word of Christ has taken hold of a great 
many," of which interesting examples are related with beautiful 
simplicity. Mr. and Mrs. Woodside, aided by three native licentiate 
preachers, two colporteurs, and two Bible-women, have met with en- 
couragement in their work at Etawah and its vicinity. 

The uniformity of the seasons in the F.tawah region was seriously 
intenupted, first by the want of any rain for eight months, next by the 
iDteiisity of the heat, and then by the deluges of the rainy season. Un- 
usual sickness aad mcHlality prevailed generally among the people; 

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but the missionaries and the native Christian people were exempted from 
these sad results. And a greater degree of attention than usual was 
given by many to the Gospd, and yet also greater opposition on the 
part of others. Combined opposition by landlords caused trouble to 
native Christians, as for an example raising the rent of a small house 
of a native catechist from a dollar a oionth to eight dollars ; no other 
landowner would come to his relief, as they wished to expel him and 
his family from the neighborhood. But the usual missionary labors 
were marked by more than the usual examples of the divine blessing. 
Five new communicants were received on confession of their faith and 
were baptized, making the number twenty, and three children were 
baptized. Several cases of the conversion of inquirers were met with, 
of which two examples may here be quoted from Mr. Woodside's re- 

In the month of May a highly respectable man of the Kayest caste, with his 
wife and infant child, were received into the church by baptism. This good 
brother had for some months been an inquirer, so that we had no hesitation 
in admitting him to the ordinance of baplism. His wife, too, made a very in- 
telligent profession of her faith. They are now at Saharanporc, the husband 
attending the preparatory department of the Theological Seminary, We re- 
ceive most encouraging accounts of him from the principal. 

The liaptism of this family caused no little excitement among the people of 
that caste in the city ; and some of the more zealous declared that had they 
known beforehand when The baplism would take place, they would have pre- 
vented ic It was not long after that event when a youth of the same caste 
came out boldly and declared his faith in Christ, and his wish to be baptized. 
His relatives, however, kept such a close watch upon him that he found it very 
difficult to continue his visits to the native Christians in the city, or to the 
missionary ai his residence. For several months this dose survciUance was 
kept up, but in vain ; for whenever die young man couid get away he came to 
the houses of lome of the native brethren, or to Che mission premises. He 
was urgent for baptism, but that was deferred by us for a lime, pending the 
decision of a very interesting case then l>efore the Civil Court in Allahat)ad, 
and which was likely to affect bis case. In the meantime, our youi^ friend 
was sent away from the city to a village about twenty-one miles distant, and 
was kept under close surveillance there. 

At last he escaped and came to the missionary bungalow, one evening, 
wearied and footsore, having eaten nothing the whole day long ; and l>egg<ed 
for immediate baptism. 

He was afraid to appear in the city, as he feared he would be carried ofl by 
force and maltreated. 

After careful consideration of all the circumstances, we resolved to send him 
to Dr. Lucas at Allahabad, as he would there be beyond the reach of his rela- 
tives at Eiawah, whom he specially feared. He reached Allahabad in safety, 
and was there tiaptized before the congregation in the mission church at the 
Jumna ; but the vtry «rxt day he was carried oS from Allahabad, by men sent 
after him for this purpose; and has now been removed to some secret place out of 
our reach. We are patiently wailing, for the present, to see whether he may 
again be able to get away. We are anxious to avoid a reference to the civil 
magistrate, but should it be necessary to apply to the law to have him restored 
to liberty, we shall not fail to do so, 

Morar — Gwalior. 

Gwalior is no longer an English station, and but few foreigners now 

live in it. Mrs. Warren still remains at Morar, the former military 

suburb, and a native minister and a native helper assist her in 

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Christian work. But no report of this vork has been received. Hei 
health has become greatly impaired, and her medical adviser insists on 
her visit to this country for its recovery. On the application of the 
mission, leave to make this visit was cordially given, but she has not 
as yet availed herself of it. She is commended to God and to the 
word of His grace. 


The Rev. J. F, Holcomb gives a good account of the varied work 
in progress at this important station, preaching services in the vernac- 
ular by him and the native evangelist, Mr. Nabibakh. The latter preaches 
daily in the bazaar, aided by the native catechist, and gives Scripture 
instruction in the vernacular schools, thus making a good number of 
boys acquainted with the Gospel narratives. With these day-schools 
Siinday-schools are connected. The services in English are as yet 
attended by few persons ; the number will no doubt be increased 
when the church now building is completed. By the direction of the 
Presbytery of Allahabad, a church was organized on the nth of 
March, 1890, with four members, and the catechist was chosen as an 
elder. Five persons were afterward received by this church as mem- 
bers, three from other churches and two on examination. There are 
other native Christians, as well as some Europeans, who ought to be 
regular worshippers; but Jhansi is a rapidly growing place, with large 
railway works in progress, and other business matters, making what 
would here be called a " boom," prove, there as here, unfavorable to 
settled religious services, A change for the better may soon be ex- 
pected. Mr, Holcomb reports the progress of the new church edifice, 
with a reading-room adjoining, the latter for the benefit of many Euro- 
peans and natives, who are without homes in the new, growing 
city, and be urgently pleads for a small grant to finish this building. 
He reports also with satisfaction the completion of the new version of 
the Gospels and Acts in Hindee, on which he and other mission- 
aries, of several denominations, have been employed for some years. 
After examination extensively, and criticism, it has been accepted and 
it will be published by the North India Bible Society. 

An interesdng account of school and zenana work at Jhansi during 
the year 188^90, is given by the ready pen of Mrs. Holcomb. Its 
views of interior Hindu life, and the varied reception given to the mis- 
sionary ladies on their visits, will attract much attention. Her report 
is as follows : 

Dniing the past year, Mrs. Seymour, as formerly, has been occupied ex- 
clusively in lenona visiting, and finds the work "varied, interesting, and en- 
comaging," having pupils in Hindustani, in Bengali, and in Panjabi families. 
Forty-Eve lenanas have been visited regularly, and in these, sixty-five pupils 
have twen instructed. 

Our school for girls taught as in former years in a little building on the 
mission premises, is Btitl presided over by Miss Agnes Peel, assisted by 
Louisa Hamilton, a native Christian. In our Sunday-school work among hea- 
thea children, we find much pleasure and encouragement. The Cairns Memo- 
rial Cbnrch, Melt>oume, as for the two preceding years, has hefped us gener- 
ODstj with funds for the prosecution of our work among the wgmen, and for 
Cbis belp we ore eincerely grateful. 


D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


In every town Tisiled, religious instruction is given, and around the teacher 
gather other members of the household than those who are occupied with the 
reading-lesson ; and while some arc listless, others manifest much interest. 
In the visits of one day alone, we find wide contrasts, not only in abilily to 
acqtiire knowledge, but in outward condition and circumstances. Among our 
pupils is an interesting Bengali woman, the mother of two daughters, the younger 
of whom is in our girls' school. Very patient and gentle is this little mother, and 
much interested in the Bible lesson. Some of the female members of another 
faoiily occupying this same house, occasionally come in to listen to the in- 
stiucticm given. Among the number is an old woman who is a leper. " How 
do you occupy yourself all the long day ? " was asked on one occasion. " I 
help in making macaroni," was the answer. The macaroni made in this house 
Is sold in the bazaar. 

The little daughter of the Bengali woman who is in our school fs often ill, 
and the mother tells us that when suffering she says, " If I pray to Jesna, He 
will make me well," She finds, too, much comfort in repeating the hymns she 
has learned in school. 

Near the house occupied by this Bengali family, is a family from the Panjab, 
where we have pupils. There are seven women in this household, and with 
a single exception, all wear many beautiful gold and silver ornaments, some 
of the number being literally laden with jewels. The eldest of the company, 
a widow, is unadorned, but she is well clothed. Two only of the women are 
learning to read, but all sit in the room during the lesson and occasionally ask 
questions, and sometimes raise objections, or ask, " How can these things be 7" 
One of the number, as she listens, deftly plies her needle. The little ^Udren 
of the household flit in and out like sparrows, the jewels which they wear 
making a musical sound as they move about. A pretty child, two years of 
age. is attracted by the singing, listening with wide-open eyes, and uncon- 
sciously keeping time with his bare foot, the silver bells on his tiny ankles 
tinkling softly with every motion. A pleasant house is this one to visit, bnt 
(he little Bengali woman, with her sad, wistful face, seems to feel, as ttieav 

frosperous women do not, that there is a message for her in the words of 
[oly Writ. 

To one house which we visit, has recently come a grandmother, wrinkled 
and toothless, and with hair of snowy whiteness. There are two little grand- 
daughters in this household, and these were formerly pupils in our schooL 
" Why do your little girls not come now to the school? we aijkcd the mother 
on a recent visit, as she sat before us, book in hand. " Sie will not let them," 
was the answer, given in a low voice, pointing at the same time to the room 
where the aged dame was bustling noisily about. " Only get Aer consent," 
continued the mother, " and we will gladly send the children to school." 

Not deaf was lAe, nor dumb, for the withered woman, with flashir^ eyes, 
soon confronted us. "Send those girls to school," she exclaimed scornfully. 
"Look at them! They are too old to go to school." The children to whom 
our attention was thus directed, were two little girls seven or eight years of age. 
" I cannot send them, nor can their father," continued the mother, when we 
were again alone, "unless sAe is willing." 

Such opposition will not come from Sie mothers now under instruction, nor 
from the children now gathered into our schools. 

The wife of a prominent native official is one of our most satisfactory pupils. 
She always wears a happy face, and is quick at learning, making it a pleasure 
to teach her. Her casie people are often shocked because of the disposition 
she manifests to break away from the trammels of supetstition. but to their 
remonstrances she answers that both her husband and herself think alike in 
reference to such matters, and that she shall continue to do what seems to her 
right, quite irrespective of the opinions they may entertain in reference to 
her conduct. 

The wife of another native gentleman occupyii^ a prominent position, and 
himself a man of unusual intelligence, is particularly uninteresting, and Ends it 
difficult to make any progress in learning. No companion is this dull, igno- 
rant woman, for her keen, agcomplished husband, Betiotbei) In childhood, 

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he has grown and expanded. She is now a woman in years, but a child in 
knoi>lc<^e,~-[he occupations and pursuits of her husband being quite outside 
and beyond the range of her intellect. We have in this same household sev- 
eral other pupils, and all are dull. 

An elderly woman who began last year to learn to read, when the younger 
women of the household, discouraged, gave up the task, is still jaterested in 
her lessons. She is now reading the Gospel of John. 

In one Bengali house which we visit, are five or six women, and one of these 
is, perhaps, our very brightest pupil, making rapid strides in learning, and 
laking a keen delight in her lessons. To come from a dull, listless pupil, to 
this bright, eager woman, is most refreshing. 

In another house we have one pupil, a young girl about fourteen years of 
age, very pretty and engaging in manners. She does not lead a very merry 
life, poor child ] for her mother is often'sullen and full of complaint, because 
this daughter, the last of the household, is still unmarried. The parents desire 
(o make a suitable marriage for their daughter, but assert that such a bride- 
groom as would meet their requirements, would, in this degenerate age, de- 
mand with the fair bride a dowry quite beyond their means. " More and 
more difficult do we find it," says the mother, "to make ends meet. Former- 
ly the means at our command were ample to support us in comfort. Now the 
male members of the household, with the English language they are so fond 
of using, have adopted so many English customs in dress, furnishing, and even 
in food, that life is a continual struggle." And this is doubtless true in many 

In one or two instances, a woman has expressed a desire to leam English 
in order to read for herself the English cook-books which her husband had 
brought to the house, as she found it extremely trying, in his presence and at 
his dictation, to attempt to prepare articles of food according to the rules laid 
down in these books. 

As we go from house to house, we find something lo awaken our interest, to 
call forth our deepest sympathy, or to excite our pity, and always to lead us in 
supplication to the mercy-seat. 

The school for girls continues to be a comfort to us, as well as a most im- 
portant part of our mission work. Several of the larger girls, who were among 
oar most interesting pupils, were, at the close of the year, withdrawn from the 
school, to be married, though meie children still. Some of these gfirls we 
are permitted to visit. The mother of one of these child-wives said recently, 
" When my little girl was in school she was always well, now she is always 

We had at the close of the year the usual treat for the children, when they 
came dressed in holiday attire, and wearing with their gay raiment, faces 
beaming with delight. The lady friends we had invited to meet with us on 
this occasion, were entertained with songs and recitations, and very creditably 
did the pupils acquit themselves. The gifts which we had to bestow, and with 
which the children were greatly pleased, were generously contributed by English 
and American friends. 

The songs learned in the school, set to native airs, are sung at home, and 
Ihns. in instances not a few, Gospel truth is carried where we may not go. 

As heretofore, the English, Bengali, Hindi, and Urdu languages are taught 
in the school. The girls are taught to sew and to knit, and quite a number of 
jackets have been made during the year by the older girls in the schoo! as gifts 
to poor children at the holiday-time. 

A snitable building is much needed for this school, and God we believe will 
give us the means for this, by the hands of some of the stewards of His 

At the end of the year rSgo, Mr. and Mrs. Griswold, newly arrived 
in India, were placed by the mission at this station, and were making 
good prc^ess in the study of one of the native languages. They were 
wannly welcomed at piansi. A dwelling-house for them must be 
provided as soon as practicable. 

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This station is still without an ordained minister, foreign or native, 
but is under the general oversight of the Rev. J. M. Alexander, of Al- 
lahabad. Two native assistants were here last year. Mr. Alexander 
made as usual a monthly visit to this city, spending the Sabbath in 
preaching and other religious meetings, and holding regular conioian- 
ion services. Four new communicants were received, the iriiole 
number being seventeen. Several weeks were spent in this district in 
January and February by Mr. Alexander and his family, accompanied 
by four native helpers. Of visits thus made among the vill^es, he 
speaks with much pleasure, for the friendly remembrances met with 
and the attention given to the Gospel message. He saj^ : 

We worked out from five centres having our camp lor a week in each place. 
Over one hundred villages were reached, the audiences in each place ranging 
from 25 to 300. We had as usual several night meetings in the villages, which 
were weil attended. At Bindki, one of the chief men of the place (a Hindu) 
came (o our camp, and offered a large room in one of his houses, for our 
meetings. This was entirely voluntary on his part, and to the goo{l-will thus 
shown in offering the place be added still further proof of his sincerity by 
sending out invitations to the residents of the village to attend the services. 
Ai Khaga, our last camping place, I had a visit from two interesting inqnirers. 
They were patriarchs in villages in the vicinity, and possessed more than oitli- 

others, so with them, the separation from friends and relatives, seemed the 
only obstacle to a public profession of Christ Many portions of Scriptnre and 
tracts were sold during this itineration, in spile of the efforts on the part of the 
village school teachers (chiefly Aryas), to keep the people from taking Oiris- 
tian books. 


Missionary work in this large city and in connection with it has 
been efStriently conducted in preaching services, both at stations and 
on journeys for this purpose ; in schools of different grades ; in visits 
to zenanas, and visits amongst their people by native Christian cate- 
chists find Bibl e- readers ; by admirable medical missionary labors at 
the dispensary and among native families ; by superintendence of leper 
and blind asylums ; by the use oK the printing-press, especially in the 
publication of a monthly magazine in Roman-letter Hindustani, for the 
use of native Christians and others. This city, lying between tbe 
Ganges and the Jumna rivers, at and near their Junction, embtacei 
districts considerably separated, with two of the stations far apart — 
the Kutra and the Jumna — while the chief church building and the 
dispensary are at some distance from them, in the midst of a dense 
population of Hindus and Mohammedans. 

Kutra Station- — In describing his work, Mr. Alexander, after first 
referring to the changes that have occurred sint:e he went to this sta- 
tion, on his arrival in India twenty-hve years f^o, writes of last year's 
work in detail. He assisted the native pastor in the work of the Ku- 
tra church, in which five new communicants were received. He held 
services in the bazaars and suburbs, which were subject at times to 
disorder caused by Mohammedans and Arya Hindus. Even in the 

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Kulni church od one occasion a. mob of three hundred Mohammedans 
viotently interrupted the service, until the police were called in. In the 
schools valuable particulars are given. For statistics see tables above. 
His monthly visits to Kuttehpore, and the tour in that district of him- 
self and Mrs. Alexander, accompanied by some of the native brethren, 
have been referred to already. His charge of the mission treasury 
accounts has become increasingly onerous, and the supervision of 
bailding the dispensary required much attention. Manuscripts for the 
press referred to him for examination on behalf of the Tract Society 
of North India, and numerous papers of scholars in the schools, occu- 
pied valuable time. 

Interesting accounts are given of natives making earnest inquiries 
concerning their spiritual interests, one of them a young man from a 
distant city, who applied for baptism, but was seized by his friends and 
compelled to go with them. On making his escape from them, they 
applied to the Civil Court for redress. Public attention was widely 
given to the case, but the decision left the young man free, and he 
was baptized This Htigation involved an expense of over $300 by 
the missionaries, which they hope may be shared by some of their 
friends in this country. 

The missionary has to speak of the sad defects and faults of some 
of the members of (he Kutra church, but he can also speaic of Che ex- 
emplary conduct of others, and of the blessed hope of Heaven in the 
case of several who had died. The notice of one of the catechists, 
who was also an elder in the church, will be read with special interest : 

Kfberl J. Brrckinridp nas with me during our tour in the Fnttehpore dis- 
trict last cold season. He was weak in body, but earnest iu spirit, and 
altboiigh over seventy yean of age. did full service vith the younger men, 
walking daily to distant villages, and preaching the Word with more than usual 
earnestness. On New-Yeai 5 morning he remarked that he had come to his 
last year. The following April the end came. A sharp attack of pneumonia, 
following upon the influenza, took away the life of this man of God, beloved 
and Bincerely regretted by all who knew him. He had just finished 50 years 
uf service as catechist in the mission, his fields of labor being Futlehgurh, 
Uyoporie. Futtehpore, and Allahabad. He held the office of ruling elder lor 
many years. 

Notices are here appended of two others who entered into rest : 

IgHatim David ^kA in June, after a lingering illness. He was a young man, 
of earnest Christian purpose, thoroughly in sympathy with the affairs of the 
Chnrcfa, and striving constantly to inQuence by word and example those with 
whom he came in contact. Just before the attack of influenza, which ended in 
oonsnmption, he delivered a course of lectures on temperance, holding up 
Christ as the only source of strength, and the all-sufficient remedy for the 
weak and helpless. He is greatly missed in the congregation and Sunday- 
*c1k»L His memory is precious to all. 

y. RtnJaU, who bad been a member of our Christian community for several 
year*, united with the Kutra church early in the year. He was a bookbinder 
by trade, and worked hard to support his large family. His health tiegan to 
fail several months twfore his death, which occurred In August. Through all 
his soffeiiaga, which at times were great, he manifested a truly Cliristian spirit. 

1 prayer. Morning a .. . , 

family altar, and we may feel assured that the family, left without any v 
man* of snpptMt, can now look with confidence to Him who is the comfort 

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ength of the widow and fatherless. Since his deub his eldest daughter, 

yeais of age, who was a pupil in the J '-^-i-- n___j.__ r._i.._i 

has also entered into the rest of the people of G 

sixteen yeais of age, who was a ptipil in the Jumna Girls' Boaiding-School, 
• - ' ■ ■ if God. 

Jumna S(aiion.—Tiic Rev. J. J, l.ucas, D.D., writes of the work in 
this part of the city as follows : 

The report of another year's work may be toid in a few words. The preach- 
ing of the Gospel in city and village, in church and bazaar, by the riverside 
and in quiet places, has never sccined a greater privilege. When in Allahabad, 
I have usually preached four evenings of the week in the city church. Here 
usually quiet audiences have listened to the truth, and listened to it at times 
with such inlerest and attention that we all felt sure their hearts had been 
touched. Some remained to talk after Ihe service, and now and then one told 
us that be had accepted the Lord Jesus Christ as his Saviour, but for some 
family reason was not prepared lo be baptiied. This class of unbaptized be- 
lievers is largely on the increase. Let us pray and hope that speedily they 
may not only believe in the heart, but confess with the mouth the Lord Jesus 
as their Saviour. 

Sunday morning I have conducted the service in the Jumna church, and also 
frequently the week-day service. I have tried to secure a native pastor for 
the church, but as yet have not induced the brother best Atted for the work to 
accept it. This ha* necessitated my continuing to act as staled supply of the 
church. Twenty have been added on confession of their faith, ten of them 
Hindus and Mohammedans, and ten who had been baptiied in infancy. The 
young men and boys of the church organized in July a Philadelphia Society. 
The pastor's fund, of which I gave an account in my last report, is still dour- 
ishing. The people pay their subscription to it quite regularly. It now 

From January toth to February loth I spent among the villages across the 
Jumna, preaching morning and evening. Many of the poor villagers listened 
gladly to the Gospel, and were ready to become Christians could we guarantee 
them against loss of home and livelihood. This is the great problem in vil- 
lage work — viz., how to aid wisily sincere inquirers, so that they may live in 
their homes and villages after baptism. Some of them said to me: " We are 
ready to be baptized ; but the day we are, the landlord of the village will turn 
us out of home and land. Then what shall we do 7 " Ten days were spent in 
Sirsa, a large town on the banks of the Ganges, s; miles from Allahabad. 
The market is crowded twice a week with people from the surrounding vil- 
lages, and thus many are reached. In May a charge of eating beef and throw- 
ing the bones on the street to deRle the Hindus was brought against our cate- 
chists residing in Sirsa. The owner of the house in which they lived al once 
raised the rent from Rs.s to Rs.30 a month, in order to drive thera out, and 
with great difficulty they procured another house. This shows the necessity of 
our having a house of our own there, ii we are lo carry on work permanently 
and successfully. A good house can be had for Rs.500, the half of which sum 
1 have already secured by contributions from friends. One maa, a Hindu 
fakir, was baptized in Sirsa in July ; but as he was not a resident of the place, 
little impression was made by his baptism. 

In the Jumna school my work as principal has been very much the same as 
last year. I have opened the school with a brief exposition of a few verses 
and prayer. Every Saturday I have given an evangelistic address to the whole 
school assembled in the church. Since July I have taught the Bible to the two 
higher classes three days in Ihe week, giving an hour a day to this. Before 
the close of the school in May for the summer vacation, I spent parts of six 
days — eighteen hours altogether — in examining and marking every boy in the 
middle and primary classes on his knowledge of the Bible, At a result, I can 
speak most highly of the work of the Christian teachen of the Jth, 6th, Tih, 
6th, <}th, and loth classes. Nearly every boy of these classes can repeat Uie 
Lord's Prayer. Of the 3S boys in the 7th class, 32 can repeat large portions 
of Matthew, having committed a few verses every day. Many of the boys of 
these classes are quite familiar with the parables and miracles of our Lord. 

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The Bible is not a n^Iectcd book in tbe school, nor is it put in a comei. 
When that day comes, its doors as a mission school ought to be closed. That 
the truth has wrought in the hearts of some of the pupils 1 have good evidence. 
One of the pnpils I might have baptized, but defeired it for reasons I need not 
liere mention. In the school at present are 34 Christians, 56 Mohammedans. 
and IS3 Hindus. This is a most interesting and encouraging Geld of work, 
and my r^rct is that I can give so little time to it. 

My work as superintendent of the Blind and Leper Asylums bas been the 
same as in past years — a very pleasant work in the main. In the Blind Asy- 
lum are 6; inmates, and in the Leper 38. The asylums draw nothing from 
the mission, but are supported by contributions from the municipality and 
friends. The prayers and love of many of the blind and lepers 1 count a great 
privilege to have. 

As ^tor of the Maihgan'MaHlii, my work has been the same as in past 
yeaia. Tbe paper is intended to provide healthy Christian reading, and. that 
It is appreciated by many of its readers I have ample evidence. 

Tlie secretaiyship of the Christian Vernacular Educational Society for tbe 
Northwest Provinces involve* some correspondence, relating chiefly to the 
bringing out of revised editions of the society's publications. The translation 
of several new books has also been secured. The seven weeks 1 spent in the 
Hills in May and June, during the school vacation, were given almost entirely 
to the writing of my commentary on 1 Cor. — a work on which 1 have spent 
nmch time, as I liave found leisure, during four years past, I hope another 
year will see it through the press. 

At the beginning of the new year, a Christian Mela was held. It was 
attended by native Christians ot all denominations. Probably persons 
were present. It was a time of great religious and social enjoymenL 

WiUi the close of this year, i8go, I finish twenty years of my missionary life — 
yean not without trials, but in all there has been grace and strength, according 
to my need and faith. That I may be spared many years more to engage in a 
work which every year seems more precious, and a greater privilege to take 
pATt in, is my prayer. 

Aluihabad, Jtai., itgi. 

Womef/s Work. — The work of the ladies at this city has been con- 
ducted with great efficiency. A full record of it will np doubt be 
given in reports of the Women's Boards, auxiliaries of the General 
AsBcmbly's Board, but it niay be briefly referred to here. The wid- 
owed and the two married ladies, for whom thirty years, twenty.five, 
and twenty respectively have passed since they went to India, have 
been influential in their labors, as true missionaries ; and the single 
ladies also. Mrs. Newton had charge of the Christian girls' boarding- 
school, with its 61 scholars. Miss Babbitt aided Mrs. Newton in this 
school, and her work was highly approved by the Government In- 
ipecttn-. Miss Hutchison also gave assistance for a part of the year. 
As these young ladies have felt called to work of a di^erent kind, their 
names wiU be found at the stations to which they have been transferred. 
They are succeeded by Miss Cohnan and Miss Morrow, lately arrived 
from this country in India. Mrs. Alexander and Mrs, Lucas found 
invaluable opportunities of usefulness among the native women in the 
city and its suburbs, and with their husbands on missionary journeys. 
Miss Seward, M.D., returned from her visit to this country with re- 
newed health, and entered on her medico- missionary work with her 
usual vigor. In this work she had Miss Sykes* valuable assistance, and 
that of a Christian female teacher. They were also permitted to engage 
in visits to zenanas, as well as to share the oversight with Miss Seward 

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of religious instruction to the patients at the dispensary. " The num- 
ber of patients at the dispensary for ihe year was 3,73S,adaily average 
of 44, The whole number of visits made there, 13,000," Besides this 
large work, Miss Seward has had almost entirely ihe zenana na<^ical 
work — one involving a severe tax on the missionary's strength, .om- 
bined often with serious responsibility, but also with en courage tnent in 
pointing these patients to the Great Physician. In August the nen 
dispensary was occupied, with great satisfaction for its increase 01 
usefulness. The building formerly rented had fjecome so dilapidated 
as to be unfit for use. It is hoped that plans now initiated may scatre 
a suitable dwelling-house at an early day, to complete this medical 

Without adverting specially to other subjects in connection with 
these North India Missions, this report of them may be closed with a. 
reference to two matters which are of encouraging interest. One is 
the access to the lowest castes among the Hindus. Out of eighteen 
millions of people in the Punjab, Mr. Velte, of Lahore, sends an esti- 
mate of two millions as Chuhras and Chamars— occupying so low a 
place that they are barely recognized as having any caste. References 
have been made to them in our periodicals. And somewhat similar 
classes are found in other parts of India. They were in former years 
regarded as hardly open to missionary labors ; but of late a good many 
of them have come to a knowledge of Christ as the Saviour even of the 
poorest, and have been admitted to the Church by missionaries of dif- 
ferent denominations. The other and corresponding reference is to 
the interest which our missionaries are led to take in these poor people, 
now that they seem to be within reach ; and also, in general, to itin- 
erating work among people of all castes so far as practicable. One of 
the brethren says : " I feel strongly that we must give more attention 
to village work." The plans of another, as shown above, in connec- 
tion with the station at Ambala, are adjusted to similar work ; and he 
has lately been permitted to baptize eight adults, and to restore two 
who had forsaken the Gospel. This itinerant and village work, indeed, 
is work that has never been overlooked by our missionaries in this 
country, but which Providence is bringing more within their reach. 
The lioard cannot but hope that it will be largely increased, both by 
American and native agencies. And so, without disparaging or n^- 
lecting educational and other kinds of evangelistic work, preaching to 
the poor will become, as it was in the days of the Apostles, the leading 
feature of our missionary work in India and in all the missions (tf our 

Kolhipur Missioi, 

KoLHArCR : soo miles sautheasi of Bombay ; 45,000 iahabiUnts ; missjco station com- 
menced, 1853; talcen under care bf the Board, 18701 lalxiren— Rev. Uesnx. G»len W. 
S«Uer and Jas. U. Goheen and tlieir wives, Rev. J. U. Irwin, Mrs. J. J. Hull, ilia 
Esthei PattoQ, Miss Maigaiet L. Ewalt, and Uiss Rachel Irwin ; tbiileen native leadien 
and helpers ; one native licentiate : and two outstatioDS. 

PaKUaLa : 14 miles north of Kolhapur ; mission station comnienGed, 1877 ; bboi«n — 
Rev. and Mrs. George H. Ferris ; five natiye assistants ; Iwo outstationi. 

Sasoli : ,;o mites east of Kolhapur ; work begun 1884 ; laborers— Rev. Messrs. J. P. 
Graham and L. B. Tedford and their wives ; and W. J, Wanleu, U.D., and Ite. Wod- 

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km, Hn. IL G. Wilder, Hiss Graioe E. Wilder ; one natiie Ikeatiate ; live native he^n ; 
one outstation. 
_ RaTHAGIRI 1 70 miles aorthwest of Kolhapur ; mission station commenced, 187] ; mis- 
rionaiy laborws — Rev. and Mra. W. H. Hannum and Miss Jennie Sherman, and one 
native Christian asistant. 

The Kolhapur Mission is located in the southern part of the Bom- 
bay Presidency, among the Manithi-spealcing people. It extends 
from Ratnagiri on the west to Jath on the east, and from Karar on 
the north to Nipani on the south. With the exception of the Society 
for the Propa^tion of the Gospel, which has a mission in Kolhapur, 
the nearest mission stations of other societies are Satara, of the Amer- 
ican Board, seventy miles north of Kolhapur ; Belgaum, of the Lon- 
don Missionary Society, seventy miles south ; and Bij Apur, of the 
Basle Missionary Society, one hundred miles east. The work of the 
mission is mainly among Hindus, although a few Mohammedans, 
Jains, and others are reached. During the past year the missionary 
force has been increased by the arrival of Rev, and Mrs, W. H. Han- 
nnm. Rev. J. M. Irwin and Miss Rachel Irwin. In view of this addi- 
tion to the force, the mission has determined to reoccupy Ratnagiri, 
having assigned Mr. and Mrs. Hannum and Miss Sherman to that 
station. Owing to serious illness, it has been necessary for Miss 
Ewalt to return to the United States, at least temporarily, and Mr. 
and Mrs. Seller, with their children, have also been compelled to leave 
their field one year earlier than they had intended, because of the 
impaired health of Mrs. Seller. In addition, it is deeply to be regret- 
ted that Mrs. Hull, after nineteen years of connection with the mis- 
sion, has felt constrained to resign, that she may make a home for her 
children in this country. Mr. and Mrs, Ferris, with their youngest 
child, rejoined the mission after an absence on furlough, having left 
three of their children in the United States for education. Miss Pat- 
Ion also returned to her field after a visit to this country. 

The year has been one of spiritual blessing to the mission. The 
missionaries have been greatly strengthened by delightful Christian 
fellowship. A marked improvement in the spiritual tone of the native 
Christians has been evident, and a larger number have confessed Christ 
than during any previous year of the mission's history. 

Kolhapur Station. 

Kolhapur ts the capital of the native Slate bearing the same name. 
The State has a population of upwards of 800,000, and the city about 
45,000. According to the last census, there are no less than 88 dif- 
ferent castes of Hindus in the Slate, and 38 different divisions of 
Mohammedans. The converts to Christianity are largely from the 
class called Mahars, who are spoken of as despised and ignorant ; and 
yet when touched by the grace of God, many of them have developed 
into spiritually -minded and efficient helpers. 

The church in the city is imder the pastoral care of the Rev. J. M, 
Goheen, and has a membership of 75, 13 having been received on 
confessioD during the past year. In addition to the usnal Sabbath 

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services, a general prayer-meeting and one for women have been held 
weekly. In July a special day of prayer was observed by this church 
for increased liberality in the churches at home and abroad. Since 
that time there has beeo a iiiarked increase in the gifts of the native 
church, resulting in their undertaking to pay the travelling expenses of 
native helpers while itinerating in the districts. The amount cod- 
tributed last year was about $75. 

There are three Sabbath-ichooh connected with this station, the 
largest being that held in the chapel, which has an average attendance 
of about 350. The school is divided into 14 classes, including one of 
students from the inission and Government high-schools, which some- 
times numbers 35. Of this school Miss Irwin writes: "The first Sun- 
day I was here I watched the crowd about the doors. One of the 
native teachers has his class near the door, and I noticed that he suc- 
ceeded in interesting the outsiders, so much so that they gradually 
drew nearer and nearer, until he had them in his class." The offerings 
of the school amounted to %<,.^o. The other two schools, superin- 
tended each by one of the lady missionaries, together have an average 
attendance of 100 boys and girts. Sunday-schools are also maintained 
at the two outstations. 

Wadgaon, an outstation eight miles northeast of Kolhapur, has 
been supplied by native helpers, who have conducted daily services in 
the school-room. In addition to this, having some knowledge of med- 
icine, they prescribed for 507 different persons. Their method of pro- 
cedure is simple and impressive. Mr. Goheen writes : " They first 
ask God's help in prayer, and then apply the remedies. A Hindu 
brought his little girl to them one day, thinking she had been bitten 
by a snake. The child was unconscious. While Sidaram and Babaji 
were praying, Sidaram's little boy, about four years old, ran and told 
the girl's father she would get wet), because his father was praying for 
her. In an hour she sat up and asked for something to eat. These 
brethren are often sent for at night, and they have been taken into 
high-caste families where they would never have been admitted had it 
not been that the people believed they could cure their sick folk. 
They always take advantage of this to preach the Gospel." 

Mr. Goheen and Mr. Seiler have conducted street services twice a 
week in Kolhapur, preaching in many different parts of the city during 
the year. These brethren have also made several evangelistic tours 
in the districts, visiting in all about iio towns and villages, where thou- 
sands of people were reached by the preaching of the Gospel and tracts 

Zenana Work. — Mrs. Hull, who was ill part of the year, in addition 
to superintending some school-work, has bad five zenana pupils. She 
writes : " I have always been kindly received, and count among my 
precious things the friendships formed with these poor women, whose 
joys and sorrows are the same as our own, yet who know not our 
Comforter and Friend. Two zenana pupils have expressed a purpose 
to be Christians. They are seldom alone, being constantly watched 
by other members of the family, so that I have but little opportunity 
of talking with them. I was pleased to find that one of them had 
taught her sister to read." 

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Educational. — The Mission High-School, which has completed its 
third year, reports an average attendance of 115, the highest number 
present being 135, or 15 less than the maximum in other years. Mr. 
Seller is of opinion that " the Uberal sprinkling of Christian Hterature 
in the text-books, the fear of forcible presentation of the truth at daily 
prayers, and the influence of association with the missionary, keep 
many from coming. I am quite sure that some of these boys have 
been much impressed, and a spirit of inquiry has been excited In them. 
This shows itself in the essays they write, and in the expression of 
moral sentiments of which persons strangers to the Bible know nothing. 
A noticeable result is that the pupils associate, converse, or discuss 
with our native Christians and myself. They frequent our book-shop, 
borrow or buy tracts, and read such books as the 'Comparison of 
Hinduism and Christianity,' " Daily worship has been held in the 
school ; and among the text-books used are the Bible, " Pilgrim's 
Progress," " Evidences of Christianity," and a series of reli^ous Read- 
ers published by the Christian Vernacular Educational Society. Miss 
Sherman has rendered effeclive service in this school during the year. 

The Christian Girli Boarding-school has continued under the care 
of Mrs. Goheen, assisted by Miss Ewalt until the latter wa^ laid aside 
by serious illness. Sixteen boarders and ten day-scholars have been 
in attendance. In addition to religious instruction given daily, a Sab- 
bath afternoon Bible-class has been conducted by Mrs. Goheen. 
Three of the girls made a public confession of their &.ith in Christ 
during the year. A sad case is recorded of a little girl who had been 
taken from the school by her father, who at one time was a professing 
Christian, but has gone back to heathenism. The girls do all the work 
connected with the school, under the superintendency of a native 
matron. Four day-schools have been conducted in the city. Those 
in Shnkrawar (Fnday) and Shanawar (Saturday) Pets (market-towns, 
or districts of a ci^ where markets are held) have had an attendance 
of 40, showing an increase over former years. The school for heathen 
giris, under the care of Mrs. Hull, reports an average attendance of 
23. During the illness of Mrs. Hull this school was visited by Miss 
Sherman and Miss Fatton. The girts' school in Aditwar (Sunday) Pet, 
cHganized last year by Miss Wilder, has been taught by a reliable na- 
tive Christian woman, under the general direction of some of the mis- 
sonary ladies. Twenty pupils were enrolled. The school at the out- 
station Nerleh had an average attendance of about ao, which is Sjwken 
of as quite hopeful, the school being among low-caste people, who do 
not enc:ourage their children in securing an education. A school was 
conducted for part of the year by one of the native helpers among the 
Koshti and Shinupi boys at Wadgaon. These are low castes, the former 
being weavers and the latter tailors. 

The only literary work reported by the mission is the preparation 
by Mr, Seller of a commentary of the first 36 chapters of Isaiah, which 
inll soon be ready for the press, and the publication of the Maralhi 
Bible Index, prepared by Mr. Ferris, and authorized by the Board last 

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Panhala Station. 

Owing to the absence of Mr. Ferris and Miss Patton, this station 
has been in the hands of a native helper most of the year, undei the 
oversight of Mr. Seiler. Dr. and Mrs, Wanless, with others of the 
missionaries, spent part of the hot season there, however, conducting 
both medical and evaogehstic work. A husband and wife from a vil- 
lage some miles distant were baptized. 

The two outstations connected with Panhala, Itiwadi and Kiirdoli, 
were visited by Mr. Goheen during the year, and the sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper dispenhed. At the former place there is an organized 
church of 23 members. Concerning the work at Kurdoli, Mr. Goheen 
writes : "The work at Kurdoli has been very encouraging. Five fam- 
ilies, viz., eleven adults and thirteen children, have been baptized. 
This has stirred up the Hindus there vei^- much, and they have perse- 
cuted the Christians in many ways. Finally they refused to allow 
them to draw water from their wells. The Christians have borne all 
these things bravely. When their water supply was cut off, one of the 
Christians gave enough land on which to dig a well. The ground was 
measured off, a paper drawn up deeding the land to the Christians at 
Kurdoli for all time, prayer was offered up on the place, and the work 
of digging the well begun. The Hindus were nonplussed, and have 
not given the Christians any trouble since." The adults baptized were 
enrolled in the Itiwadi church, two and a half miles distant, there be- 
ing no organized church at Kurdoli. 

Sangli Station. 

The most important event connected with the church at this station 
during the year was the dedication of the new church edifice, which 
had been in process of erection in the midst of difficulties for a year 
or two. It occupies a prominent comer in a conspicuous part of the 
city, opposite two heathen temples. It was dedicated on the second 
Sabbath of December, 1S90, and the attendance since that time has 
been encouraging. But one person was received into the fellowship 
of the church during the year on confession of faith. The Sunday- 
school connected with the church has had an average attendance of 
no. A school conducted along the line of Sunday-school methods 
has been held for heathen children on Fridays in the Mahar Wada, 
and two on Saturdays in Budjam for heathen children. Mrs. Wilder, 
who has superintended these schools, writes : " Let us have a Sabbath- 
school in every town where boys and girls can read. Let us see to it 
that these good readers have some bit of Scripture placed in their 
hands to carry home every week. We have been much encouraged 
by the willingness of the children to learn Bible verses and hymns. 
We take a native preacher with us, and these gatherings prove a 
nucleus for preaching services. I find that bigoted Brahmin teachers 
are the great obstacle in this line of work." A Christian women's 
prayer- meeting has been well sustained during the year, and has been 
a means of grace to those attending it. 

Evangelistic Work. — In addition to the pastoral work in the city, 

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Mr. Tetlford visited during the year 60 towns and villages which had 
never been visited before. Concerning one of his tours he reports : . 
" In October I accompanied Mr. Seiler on a tour to Pandharpur. This 
is the Jerusalem of the credulous masses in this part of Lhe country, 
and is said to be visited by 8,000 pilgrims daily, on special occasions 
the number increasing to aoo,ooo. Our route was over a most desti- 
tute (natarally and spiritually) part of the country. By means of the 
niagic-lantem, we were able to gain attention and we fearlessly presented 
the truth to thousands of people. We found no one willing to make 
the great sacrifice ; but we believe the [ruth, sown not in vain, will in 
due time help to make this Southern Marathi country ' blossom as the 
rose.'" Mrs. Wilder and her daughter. Miss Grace E. Wilder, have 
made 140 zenana visits during the year, and have visited some 40 vil- 
lages in the vicinity of Sangli. Of one of these visits Miss Wilder 
writes: "At the home of a school-girl, a Christian woman with me was 
talking to a group, when one said : ' What you say is true, but it is not 
in us to do so. Where do we get the heart to do wrong ? ' Such ques- 
tions as, ' How can we do as we should?' 'Who does according to 
what you say ? ' ' What about our past sins — how will they go ? ' ' What 
should we do?' have been asked me by women." 

Educational. — There are five schools connected with this station, 
four of them for Hindus and one for Christian boys. The five have a 
total attendance of 105. Owing to the absence of Mr. Graham, the 
wperiD tendency of the boys' school was in the hands of Miss Wilder 
for the year. Thirty-one pupils were enrolled, most of them being 
sons of profesdng Christians. Mr. Tedford, besides teaching some 
classes, gave attention to instructing the boys in manual labor morn- 
ing and evening. In response to an earnest plea made by the mission 
for tiie appointment of a skilled Christian mechanic from the United 
States to take charge of an industrial department in connection with 
this school, to fit the boys for future usefulness, the Board has appointed 
Mr. John Jolly, who expects to join the mission next autumn. At present 
the pupils do their own washing and part of their own sewing. Miss 
Wilder devoted one hour each day to the imparting of Bible instruction. 

The Girl^ School, which had been suspended after the return of 
Mrs. Tedford to the United States, was reopened last year, 25 girls 
being in attendance. Mrs. Wilder has had the oversight of the school, 
and has found it an admirable method of securing an introduction for 
herself and Bible-woman into the homes of the children. The other 
three schools are among the low-caste children. 

Medical. — The medical work connected with this mission, under the 
direction of a trained physician, was begun by Dr. Wanless in Decem- 
ber, rS89, with headquarters at Sangli. During the doctor's absence 
in Panhala, where he treated a large number of patients, an old school- 
house was fitted up in Sangli for a dispensary. It measures iz by 40 
feet, one-third of it being used for compounding and consulting pur- 
poses, and the remainder serving as an audience-room, in which some- 
times as many as 100 persons were gathered. The number of new 
patients treated was 4,643, the total number of patients, including old, 
being 10,166 ; 125 of them cases of leprosy and 189 surgical cases. 

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The patients included Brahmins, high-caste Hindus, low-caste Hindus, 
Jains or Buddhists, Mohammedans, and Christians, and represented 
150 villages, distant from 50 to 135 miles from Sangll Dr. Wanless 
writes : " These patients come on horses, bullocks, in carts, litters, and 
on foot. It is a sore trial to be obliged to say to the poor sufferers 
who have made these long journeys to be treated propedy; 'You 
ought to be in a hospital We have no hospital, and so can do nothing 
for you.' " Thus scores have been necessarily turned away. To ac- 
commodate sOme of the surgical cases, two native houses were occu- 
pied. Six of these had their sight restored after a total blindness of 
from three months to two years and a half. Mrs. Wanless rendered 
most effective service to her husband in these surgical cases, her expe- 
rience as a trained nurse being of great value. Daily, between eight 
and nine o'clock, a preaching service is held in the chapel, admission 
being by ticket. All patients are required to attend before receiving 
the medical treatment which follows. At these services many friends, 
together with the patients, have listened most attentively to the Gos- 
peL In closing his report Dr. Wanless says : "These patients seem 
to readily grasp the idea that the doctoring and care they receive are 
given in the name of Jesus. Some speak of how they take His name 
at night. Six persons have broken off and given up their sacred 
beads. One man, a Jain, while nursing his father, read Christian 
books and attended our services. One day he remarked to me that 
he could see that we knew the true God, and that He helps us in our 
work. He said he had never heard of Christ until coming to os. 
Before leaving he asked for something more to read, that he might 
learn more about Christ. A woman who received her vision was asked 
what she would do. She replied : ' I am going back to my village, 
and am going to ^ve a feast.' ' But you must diank God for your 
sight.' ' Ves, I will thank Jesus God, but I want to give the feast 
also.' lliis medical work on our compound has demonstrated the 
need of a hospital as an evangelizing agency." 

Statistics of Kethapur Mission. 

Ordained niittionaiiei 7 

Uedical miiaionaiT i 

Single lad)' TnUsionaiies 7 

Harried lad; missionaries 7 

NatiTe teacheiB and helpers. 14 

Number of cburcbei 4 

Added durioE the TGU- ag 

Baatdini|^4chook. i 

Pupiliin tKnrding:-sclKKl 39 

Daf-^cbooli 9 

Pupili in daT-idxKib. . . ., 409 

Total aumber erf achoob 11 

" " of pupils In school! 44S 

Pupils In Sattbath-school* 555 

ContiibutJODs. $94-05 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 

Dakota Hhslen. 

Yabetok AoENCr, South Dakota : on ihe Uissouri River, 60 roilea above YankloD ; 
ilaiion occupied in 1S69 ; Rer. and Mrs. John P. Williamaon ; Miss Al*le L. UiUer ; 
Kn>. Henry T. Sitayn. Oulstalimis, 3 ; iwo Bible-women ; native helptia, 3. 

PIBE RitiGF. AOEKCY, South Dakota: occupied, 18B6; Rev. and Hra. Charles G. 
Steriine ; Hie Jennie B. Dicksoa and Hisi Cbarloue C. McCmght ; Jirv. Lauii Maaa- 
waiiHjOMna. Ovistatiens, j ; native helpen, G. 

FlandreaU, South Daliota : on Big Sioui River. 40 miles above Sioux Falls ; station 
occupied in 1869; Rni. yakn Eaitman. 

Lower Bkulb Aobmct (White River), Soutb Dakota : on the Mimouri River, 80 
milei ilxTve Yankton Agency ; station occupied in 1885 ; Rrv. Joapk Rogrrs. 

Popuut Creek, Hontano. .- on the Hlmouii Rher, 70 mita -west of Foit Buford ; 
aatloD occupied In 1880; Rev. and Ure. Edward J. Lindief. Outttatien, i; naliv« 

The history of the past year has shown most conclusively the 
power of Christian missions amongst the Indians in preserving the 
public peace. The excitements of the ghost dance and the horrors 
of war have prevailed exactly in inverse ratio to the efforts which 
have been made to Christianize the tribes. The agencies and the 
camps where mission schools and mission chapels are things almost 
unknown, or are as yet comparatively strange and novel features of 
(be scene, have been the localities where fanaticism, revolt, and blood- 
shed have prevailed, while among those tribes of the Sioux where 
our missions have been longest established, the Indians have stood 
like a rock, unmoved amidst the prevailing excitement and war. 
And even at those stations where but a minority of the Indians had 
been brought under missionary influence, the emissaries of the wilder 
tribes tried in vain to light the fires of fanaticism. The general 
statement is most instructive — that of the eleven hundred Pres- 
byterian communicants among the Sioux, imly one man, and he 
ftom Pine Ridge, the very centre of the whirlwind, was to be 
found among the hostiles during the past year, and only one joined 
the ghost dances. Among the Indians grouped around the Yank- 
ton Agency, where the missionary influence has been long at 
work under the direction of our veteran, Rev. John P. Williamson, 
every attempt to start the ghost dance utterly failed. Some of the 
heathen Indians from this point visited the dances elsewhere and 
came home under not a little excitement, but the public sentiment 
organized around the groups of Christian Indians was too strong 
for them. They saw it futile to attempt to kindle the excitements 
of superstitioti and war among their neighbors. The six hundred 

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Christians gathered in the churches absolutely controlled public 

At Lower Brule Agency, another of our mission stations, there 
were many wild restless spirits, and the ghost dance obtained quite 
a headway for a little time, but no hostilities whatever were even 
attempted, and the ghost dance itself was stopped without serious 
trouble. The fifty Presbyterians, and a still larger number of Epis- 
copalians found there, stood like an immovable wall. 

As for the Indians at Flandreau, they were interested in the Mes- 
siah craze only as other Christians throughout the country were. 
Or, if more deeply concerned, it was because several members 
of their church were actually away among the heathen Indians, 
teaching and restraining them. One of the elders of the church 
had just gone to teach in Sitting Bull's camp a few weeks before the 
tragic death of that chief. 

Even at Pine Ridge itself, the station most recently established, 
and where there were but thirteen communicants, and they not 
as yet organized into a church, the entire band, with one ex- 
ception, were loyal and were even active in preserving law and 
order. One man only was swept away by the wild excitements 
around them, and neither bribes nor threats could drag them to the 
hostile camps. 

The Present State of the Mission. 

There are now to be found among the Dakota Indians, in the 
stations of the Board of Foreign Missions, three ordained mission- 
aries, three single ladies acting as missionaries, four ordained native 
preachers, and thirteen native assistants and teachers ; the churches 
number ten, with five hundred and eighteen communicants, seventy- 
three having been added to the churches during the past year ; two 
hundred and eighty-seven children have been in the mission schools- 
It will be seen, therefore, that the year, notwithstanding all the dis- 
advantages under which the missionaries have labored, has been 
one of most encouraging progress. 

Mr. Williamson writes from the Yankton Agency ; " The attend- 
ance on our church not only holds its own, but still increases. We 
purchased last month two dozen chairs to fill up the aisles, and 
still we had to send out and bring in others. At our communion 
the first Sabbath of the new year, three entire families stood up and 
were all baptized in the name of the triune God. We noted it as 
rather a pleasant fact that in one of these families where there were 
three children, two were twin boys, named by their parents Peter 
and Paul. 

" There has been little change in our native laborers, who have 
been the principal means of gathering in these converts, and who 
still minister to them. By the appropriation of $500 from the 
Board, added to a little over $100 raised by the Indians themselves, 
we had the pleasure last fall of erecting a beautiful chapel for Cedar 
church, and that little community of believers is greatly strength- 
ened, Thi9 13 the only building erected on ray field this year. 

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" As to the Flandreau field„ I reported a year ago that the scat- 
tering of that community seemed imminent on account of their 
relation to the Siowx Treaty. I am happy to report that through 
the zealous efforts of Rev. John Eastman (their inteltigent and prac- 
tical pastor) arrangements have now been made by which the Indians 
will not only remain at Flandreau, but will be in much better condi- 
tion as regards their lands than for a number of years past. A num- 
ber of ladians who had left that locality are returning, so that the pros- 
pect there has been very much improved. 

" At Lower Brule Agency the Indians are still left in uncertainty 
as to their permanent location, but provision has been made by Con- 
gress for the appointment of a Commission, who it is hoped will soon 
settle the matter. Our people there who have been so long without 
a house of worship must then be aided in building a church." 

The work at Poplar Creek, in Montana, was under the care of the 
Rev. Mr. Williamson most of the year, but last September Rev. E. J. 
Lindsey and his wife took charge of the station, and the whole outlook 
is more hopeful at that point than it has been for a long time. Mrs. 
Lindsey, a granddaughter of that pioneer of all Christian missions 
among the Sioux, Rev. John Williamson, M.D., was for many years a 
teacher at our mission station at Yankton Agency, and her knowl- 
edge of the Dakota language, and lifelong familiarity with the Indians, 
have made her an invaluable helpmeet for her husband in their mis- 
non field in Montana. 

There remains to notice only the station of Pirte Ridge itself, 
which has been the scene of Indian war during so much of the 
past year. The general turmoil, of course, seriously interfered with 
all mission work. Mr. Sterling writes : " While our members have 
not generally been affected, our fair-sized congregations at the 
different camps became very much reduced during the excitement of 
the summer, and during the time of the active hostilities services were 
almost enbrely suspended. The various centres of our mission's work 
proved the very centres of conflict and of bloodshed. Fine Ridge, 
Porcupine Creek, White Clay, and Wounded Knee, which were all 
fonuliaT names on the lips of our missionary laborers, being the very 
stations where they were conducting their schools and Christian serv- 
ices, passed from the records of missions into the annals of war." 

So &r as mission property is concerned, we are thankful to say that 
but one of our chapels, that at White Clay, was destroyed. Wounded 
Knee chapel, although on the battle-ground itself, was untouched, 
while all other buildings in the vicinity were more or less injured. Our 
buildings on Porcupine Creek were also uninjured. " This place," 
aays Mr. Sterling, " seems to have been the dividing line between the 
work of destruction and God's work of restraining power. All the 
missionaries were kept safe and were not generally frightened during 
the hostilities. The blessed assurance that ' the angel of the Lord 
oicampeth round about them that fear Him, and delivereth them,' 
was our strength and comfort. 

" It is hard to predict the future of our work ; indeed the first 
question is, whether or not the war is really ended." Mr. Sterling 

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proceeds to say that future quiet in his judgroent depends upon the 
faithfulness with which the new pledges made to the Indians are 
kept, and the finnness of control which is maintained over the in- 
subordinate. He also points out the necessity of giving the Indians 
some employment Amongst a mass of ignorant idlers every ex- 
citement, every wild suggestion finds a fruitful soil- He is con- 
vinced also that the ghost dances should be prohibited, and not less 
rigidly the Omaha and other dances known among the Indians. He 
states it, however, as his conviction that the " surest, the most com- 
plete cure for all such disturbances, as this year has witnessed, is the 
earnest prosecution of Protestant mission work. There is no more 
conspicuous lesson from this year's experiences than the civilizing 
power which goes with the preaching of the Gospel to these 
people." Mr. Sterling, as well as Mr. Williamson, points out the 
palpable contrast between the conduct of the heathen Indians dur- 
mg this excitement, and that of those who had become Christians 
oi had come underChristian influences, and he entertains the highest 
hope of reward for the labors of Christian missions among these 
tribes. He writes : " The loyalty and Christian character of some 
of our Indians have shone out with greater brightness than before. 
Only one of them united with the hostiles." He declares that there 
is no more absurd conclusion drawn from the difficulties of this past 
year than classing all the Indians together as " Red Devils," and 
asserting that it is useless to try to do anything for them. " I have 
no hesitation," he writes, " in saying that one who knows the history 
of past mission work among this people, and who is patient, and 
will adapt himself to the methods required for contmued labor 
here cannot pursue this work without being full of the brightest 
hopes." He speaks especially of their expectations from the prom- 
ising young men whom God is raising up from the native church, 
mentioning three of these youth who are now pursuing a thorough 
course of study for the Christian ministry, and two others trho aie 
looking forward to the same work. 

The native missionaries at Pine Ridge have all done faithful 
service throughout the year. Miss' Dickson and Miss McCreight, 
who had been stationed at Wounded Knee, did not desert the 
mission even in its darkest hours of danger and fear, when 
strong men were seeking safety for their families and for themselves. 
They patiently continued in the work during peace and war, faith- 
fully warning the evil- disposed, cheering and strengthening the 
weak, and assisting in tender ministrations to the sick and wounded. 
We regret very much to say that the Rev. Mr. Sterling feels com- 
pelled, for reasons beyond his control, to withdraw from mission 
work among the Indians, and has recently accepted a call to a 
church in the city of Omaha. 

Statistics of Dakota Mission. 

Ordained missionaries 3 

Single lady missionaries 3 

Married lady missionaries 3 

Ordained natives 4 

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Native usisunts and teachers ii 

Bible-women. 3 

Cburches 10 

Communicanta 518 

Added daring the year 73 

Boys in boarding-schools 19 

Girls in boarding-schools. 31 

Boys in day-schools 120 

Girls in day-schools 137 

Total nnmber in schools ^87 

Number of schools 7 

Pupils in Sabbath-schools 3S9 

Stodenl for ministry i 

Amount of contributions 9i.334 

n« H« PnrM HiMitti. 

Lafwu. Idaho Ter., 1871 ; lite Kate UcBeth, 1S79. 

KuHAH : HtH Sue UcBetb, 1B77 ; icmponrilr ai UounI Idaho. 

Natirc ministen : Kamlab, Sai. R. WiUiams ; Umatilla, Riv. J. Hayes i North 
Fotfc, Res. W. Wkttirr; Lapwaj, Rea. Ptter LiMdiUy; SpiAane River, Rto. A. B. 
iMwjtr : WBll(dDit. gtv. Silas IfMlmaii ; Uearlow Creek, An. Enoch Pond. General 
erai^ielist, Rn. Jatnts Nina. 

The only misiioDaries directly employed by the Board in the Nez 
Perce Mission are Miss Sue L. McBeth, residing at Mt. Idaho and 
Miss Kate McBeth, at Lapwai, though Rev. G. L. Deffenbaugh, of 
Coeur d'Alene City, formerly a missionary of the Board, continues to 
render importatit service in connection with the Indian work, and 
especially as acting treasurer of the mission. 

Of the native ministers employed, three, namely. Rev, Messrs. 
Wheeler, Ltndsley, and Pond, are installed pastors. Rev. Messrs. 
Lawyer, Whitman, Williams, and Hayes are stated supplies. Rev. 
Messrs. Hines, Parsons, and MonCieth are without charge. 

Two stations of the Nez Perce Mission, Lapwai and Kamiah, were 
established before the massacre of Dr. and Mrs. Whitman and others 
in 1S47, and shared the disturbance which that sad event caused in 
the mission work among the Nez Perces. Lapwai was established in 
1836, and Kamiah in 1838. Something had been done, also, at Well- 
pinit in 1837, The other stations — North Fork, Meadow Cteek, Uma- 
tilla, and Spokane River — have been founded since 1880. 

The work of Miss Sue I^. McBeth is directed, as heretofore, to the 
education of young men for tht^ministry and for the eldership in the 
churches. Each department is important, as the churches could not 
prosper without the support of a native eldership. AU the work ac- 
complished under the direction of the Board is carried on in the ver- 
nacular language. The Misses McBeth have great familiarity with it, 
and undoubtedly get nearer to the people in sympathy and in effective 
influence from the fact that they employ it exclusively. The pastors 
and supplies all preach to their congregations in their native tongue. 
Valuable as the agencies are that are acquainting the Indians with the 
English, the language of their country, there are still peculiar advan- 
tages which attend that direct work in the Indian language, which 
alone gains real access to the adult portions of the Indian communi- 

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ties. The Indians love tbeir language, and it is only in their own 
tongue that any race of men can best be taught to worship God. 

In the theological training-school of Miss S. L. McBeth six students 
have been under instruction much of the time. Miss McBeth also has 
a class of six native women. In this department she is assisted by 
Mrs. C. Shearer, a resident of Mt. Idaho, Miss Kate McBeth's school 
at Lapwai has numbered nine pupils ; but in addition to this, she has 
carried on various labors in the families of the Indians round about 
Fort Lapwai, at the same time devoting herself to the work of the 
Sabbath 'School. She has succeeded in arousing a good deal of inter- 
est among the young people at Fort I.apwai, and has organized a 
Christian Endeavor Society. 

The removal of the Government school from the north of Lapwai 
Creek to Fort Lapwai has seemed to render it desirable to remove 
the diurch to the latter place, as the young connected with the Gov* 
emment school constitute a large and interesting portion of the con- 
gregation, and also an excellent field for Sabbath-school and mlsdon- 
ary work. There are, however, some obstacles in the way of procur- 
ing a proper site at the new location. Efforts are being made to this 
end, but nothing has as yet been consummated. 

The total membership of the seven churches is 796. During the 
year 43 have been received into communion and fellowship. In the 
Sabbath -school are 334 pupils. For religious purposes $673.26 have 
been contributed. This certainly is an exhibit worthy of imitation by 
the Church at large. Considering the poverty of this people, the 
average of their contributions is certainly high. It amounts to about 
eighty-four and a half cents per member. This seems the more cred- 
itable when we consider that the year 1890 was one of great drought, 
and many of the Indians had great difficulty in gaining the bare neces- 
saries of life. 

The past year has been signalized by valuable services rendered to 
the Nez Perces and to the mission by Miss Alice Fletcher, agent of 
the Government for the distribution of land in severalty to the Nes 
Perce Indians. She has been instrumental in securing valuable allot- 
ments of land for two or three of the most important churches, and is 
■till using her influence for the permanent establishment of the Lapwai 
church in a more available situation. Miss Fletcher having spent several 
of the summer months at these various stations and having become 
thoroughly acquainted with the work, its methods, and its results, has 
rendered a kindly service to our faithful missionaries in commending 
them to the fuller confidence and sympathy of the Christian women 
interested in the Woman's North Pacific Presbyterian Board of Mis- 
«ons. Through the personal gifts of different individuals provision 
has been made for the removal of the Lapwai church edifice to a new 
and more available site, if such site can be secured, and for the erec- 
tion of small houses for Miss McBeth and for the native preacher at 
Fort Lapwai, The Kamiah church edifice was repainted and other- 
wise improved during the year, through the generous gift of a friend in 
Pittsburgh, Fa. 

Alti^ether, the outlook of the mission among the Nez Ferces is 
most favorable. 

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Siaiislics of the Net Perce Mission. 

Female missiooarr teachers 

Native (eacbeis S 

Churches ^^.. ........ ............................. 7 

CommnnicuiCs. 790 

Added during the ^^ 43 

Students fot the nunisti; o 

Pnpili in Sabfaathicbools ^ 

Cootributioiu $673.36 

Santoa Mluloi. 

AiJ.EOaunr: AUeghaDj ReserratioD, WestKo NewYorit; Rev. U. F. Trippe and 
wife, aDd Rev. Willi^ Hall ; niae native assistants. 

SuBSTATloifS : oc Tonawanda, Tuscarora, and Complanter ReservatioDS. 

Ufpcx Cattarauous : Caltamugus Reservation, Weslem New York ; mission be- 
gun, 1811 ; transfemd to the Board, 1870; Rev. George Rundman and wtfe. 

The Chippem, Omaha, and Sac and Voi HisslonB have been transferred to the 
Boon] of Hcnie Hiuloiia. 

On the Alleghany Reservation Rev. Messrs, Trippe and Hall have 
beltl r^ular services in the Indian churches. Though there have not 
been laige accessions to the churches, yet 30 have been received 
dating the year, and there has been a gain of 3 1 over all losses by 
death or otherwise. The total membership reported for the churches 
under Mr. Trippe's care, namely, those of the Alleghany, Tonawanda, 
and Tuscarora Reservations, is 226. There are five church organiza* 
tioDS and four churt:h buildings. Contributions for the year have 
UKHiDted to $413. One native preacher is eng^ed upon salary, and . 
ftiur are laboring gratuitously. 

The Indians have been relieved during the last year from anxieties 
caused by a fear of hostile legislation at Albany, but there are some 
reasons to beKeve that efforts may be renewed to secure possession of 
their lands, or a.t least those which are considered most valuable. 
There is continued reason why the tiends of the Indians in the State 
of New York should cultivate and diffuse an enlightened and friendly 
sentiment in r^ard to these people whose heritage we have received 
and now occupy, and should pray that all schemes designed to dis- 
possess them of their homes may be thwarted. There is probably as 
good a degree of receptiveness to the truths of the Gospel among 
these people as in the average of white congregations in the State. 
From year to year goodly numbers are gathered into the communion 
of the church, and there is every reason for increased interest in the 
temptval and spiritual welfare of these wards of the State, to whom so 
great a debt of gialitude is due. 

At Tonawanda Reservation, Rev. John McMaster has preached in 
the Indian church once in two weeks and has found a good attendance 
and a &ur degree of receptiveness to the truth. The Tonawanda 
Indians have been greatly distracted during the year by the contest 
between two rival parties, the Christians on the one hand, and the 
pagans on the other, in the appointment of chief and officers of the 
trib& The matter has been finally placed in the hands of a referee, 

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whose decision has been rendered in favor of the Christiaa party, as 
those who had legally elected their officers. It is a question whether 
the Indian nature is favorable to an entire and peaceful acquiescence 
in such a decision. 

On the Alleghany Reservation at Jamisentown, Rev. Wm. Hall, who 
has passed the limit of four score years, has preached every Sabbath 
but one during the year, driving some distance for the purpose. 
"Faithful unto the end" has been his motto. He had leave (A ab- 
sence during the year to visit a daughter in California, but before the 
visit could be made she had passed to her heavenly rest, and the dis- 
appointed &ther remained at home. 

Mr. Trippe in his report speaks of a new centre of influence having 
been opened at Cold Spring on the Allej^iany Reservation. The 
people have shown a disposition to attend upon the preaching of the 

From Rev. George Runciman we have received the following report : 
"During the present year we have held five regular services every 
Sabbath, and many through the week, sometimes as many as five on a 
single day. The result of all these meetings is a deep, spiritual in- 
terest and the coming forward of forty-three persons who hAve united 
with the church on profession of their faith in Christ, These have all 
made a clear confession t>efore men, God has richly blessed us, yet 
we feel that our influence is not as wide-reaching as it ought to be. 
We have only worked two centres, one around the church and the 
other around No. i schoolhouse. We have on our roll of attendance 
at church 141 peisons. Our membership is no. We have added 
during the year 43 ; dismissed 7 by death, and la by letter. Our 
attendance at the sdioolhouse has been 66, so that we reach 207 per- 
sons. We have given to the Foreign Mission Board $ai, to Sabbath- 
school worit $7, and to our own Sabbath-school for papers and lesson- 
leaves $36.12. The great majority of those who have been received 
are young people. If these prove faithful there is a rich blessing in 
store for the Reservation." 

The co-operation of Mr. and Mrs, Van Valkenburgh, the superin- 
tendents of the Thomas Orphan Asylum, has been continued. They 
have been a very great help to Mr. Runciman in his work, and the 
pupils of the Asylum, about 100 in number, have formed an interest- 
ing portion of the congregation and the Sabbath-school. 

Two or three different points on the Reservation have been occu- 
pied with religious services in addition to the regular work in the com- 
modious church edifice provided for the Cattaraugus church. The 
schools which are maintained for the benefit of the different reserva- 
tions of the Senecas have reniained under the direction of the State, bf 
whose provision they are wholly supported. Satisfactory work seems 
to have been done by the teachers in these schools. Although it is 
not of a directly religious character, it has niaintained a high moral 
tone, and harmonious relations have existed between the teadiers and 
the missionaries, Mr, Trippe mentions one Ctmstian woman of Indian 
blood employed by the State as a teacher, whose religious labor and 
influence have been very marked. 

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But for the dangers of hostile I^sladon, designed to deprive the 
Indians of their vested rights, the outlook of the New York Indian 
tribes would be auspicious. Considering the entire work of the Seneca 
Mission, while there have been many disconrageroents, there is much 
also to encourage, and the total number received into communion of 
die churches is considerably above the average of the Presbyterian 
Church at large. 

Satisfies of Seneca Mission. 

Uanlcd f cnule n 
Native bdpen.. 

Added dnrine the rear 73 

Pupih jp Sibbath acboob 9^7 


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Eaat Japai HIsslon. 

Yokohama: on Ihe bay, a few miles below Tokyo ; miMon begun, iSssi laborera — 
D*. and Hcs. James C. Hepburn and Hiss Etta W. Case. 

Tokyo: the capital o( Japan; station occupied, 1869; laborers — Rer. Uessn. David 
Thompeon.D.D \Villiam Imbrle, D.D., George Wm. Knoi, D.D., James M. McCan- 
W, D.D., H. M. Landis, and their vHves ; Dr. and Ura. D. B. McCartee, Rer. Tbeodoie 
M. UacNair, Rev. George P. Piereon, Prof, and Mrs, J. C. Ballagh, Mrs. Uaria T. Troe, 
Hiss Isabdla A. Leete, Miss Kate C. Younipnaii, Miss S. C. Smith, Hiss A. K. DavU, 
Miss Carrie T. Alexander, Hiss Annie R. West, Miss Annie P. BallaEh, Hiss Besie P. 
Hilliken, Uiss C. H. Rose, Hiss Gertrude C. Bi£elow, His Emma Hays, Hiss IMj 
Hurray, and Miss Saiah Gardner. 

In tfui cotintry ; Hiss Annie R. West 

The period covered by the past mission year has been an eventful 
one in the history of Japan. It was marked by storm and flood, which 
seriously damaged the crops and intensified the already abounding 
jwverty ; by political excitement which ran high, because of the elec- 
tions provided for in the pledge of a constitutional government, and 
the subsequent meeting of the Diet in November, and by profound 
fetation in educational and religious circles. As Tokyo is to Japan 
what Paris is to France, the ccntfe of national life and influence, these 
disturbing conditions were especially felt within the bounds of our 
Esatern Japan Mission. The most notable event of the year, bearing 
upon our mission work, was the adoption of a revised Constitution 
by what was formerly called the " United Church of Christ in Japan," 
but is henceforth to be known as the " Church of Christ in Japan," the 
ecclesiastical body with which our mission, in common with six ochers, 
is co-operating. The Constitution as adopted by the Synod in De- 
cember, 1890, after prolonged and earnest discussion, contains a clear 
statement of the fundamental principles of the Presbyterian system of 
government, to be amended only by a carefully guarded process ; 
canons or laws based upon these principles, a creed or doctrinal state- 
ment, and an appendix containing rules of procedure. The creed or 
doctrinal statement consists of the Apostles' Creed with a brief intro- 
duction, embodying such fundamental doctrines as the inspiration of 
the Scriptures, the Trinity, the divinity of the Lord Jesus Christ, His 
perfect atonement, justification by faith, and the office work of the 
Holy Spirit. In the framing of this creed the missionaries rendered 
important service by their counsels and active co-operation, but the 
Japanese were the leaders in the movement. Our brethren have not 
been without apprehension as to the outcome of the revision, although 
hopeful that under God it will work for the best interests of Christ's 
kingdom in Japan. 


This work is reported by the mission under three divisions : that 
conducted in Tokyo, Yokohama, and their vicinity, in which the iatoAty 

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of the Meiji Gakuin have a prominent part ; that undertaken bjr the 
Boaid of Home Missions, an organization composed of an equal num- 
ber of Japanese and foreign missionaries ; and that done in the country, 
apart from the Board of Home Missions. The work in the tvo great 
cities and their vicinity is done mainly in connection with organized 
churches. Of these Dr. Imbrie writes : " The condition of the 
churclies in Tokyo and its vicinity has been one of unusual anxiety. 
It is a common remark of all observers that Tokyo is exceptional in 
its difficulties. Christianity has been preached in the capital so long 
ttiat it has ceased to be a novelty. Many have come to look upon it 
rather as a system of doctrine than as a new life in Christ, and it has 
DOt been possible to point to the walk and conversation of believers 
Bs conclusive evidence. Unitarianism has come in with its apparent 
«mplicity, and some have not had a personal knowledge of Christ 
deep enough to detect its shallowness. Plymouth Brcthrenism has 
been actively at work, and has wrought much harm." It is noted, 
however, with gratitude, that while one pastor, one licentiate, and here 
and there a private member, have fallen under the power of Unitarian- 
ism, none of the churches have followed their example, and that the 
two churches which have suffered moat from Plymouth Brethrenism 
have recovered in some measure from the effects of the disturbing in- 

With the approval of the mission the Rev. George P. Pierson of 
the Meiji Gakuin spent the year in Chiba, the capital of the province 
of that name, about twenty-five miles from Tokyo. The province has 
a population of 1,200,000, of whom 465 are Christians, connected 
with the several missions at work there. Mr. Pierson's temporary con- 
nection with the Middle School of the city gave him ready access to 
the students. He writes : " Although my contract forbids my teaching 
religion in the school, still abundant opportunities are offered for such 
leadiing in my own house, or at the preaching places. One of the 
Middle School students bought a New Testament for the pur{>ose of 
opposing Christianity, but was persuaded of its truth, and af^er the 
summer vacation said joyfully to me, ' I believe.' He is now a very 
earnest worker." In addition to six regular public services each week, 
and some special services, much attention has been given to individual 

A spedal feature of the evangelistic work in Tokyo during the year 
was the services held under the direction of Miss Youngman, and with 
the approval and co-operation of the mission, in connection with the 
Third National Exhibition. Concerning this Mr. Landis writes; 
" Both men and money, opportunity and ability, were given, and each 
day brought new joy and blessings. This Nyeno Mission was opened 
on March ist, 1890, The burning down of her summer retreat on 
March 8th, and the receipt of a letter threatening her life on the rjth, 
did not deter Miss Youngman in her work. A reading-room was 
opened, a daily prayer- meeting was held, also a women's and children's 
meeting each afternoon, and preaching services every evening. Twice 
a week a large hall near by was hired for preaching or for explaining 
atui illustrating the Bible by a magic lantern. For fi^een days preach- 

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ing services were held under trees in a. yard rented for the purpose. 
Over 150 ministers, missionaries, and evangeUsts of various denomi- 
nations assisted in the work. In ten months since the beginning of 
the efibrt there have been reached 33,462 adults and 6,803 children, 
while 1,800 New Testaments and 40,000 tracts have been distributed. 
Many first reached in these meetings have united with various 
churches. Over 300 of such as received Bibles have been reached by 
letter or personal interview." 

Under this head, it seems proper- also to report the work of the 
Women's Bible Instimte, formerly directed by Miss Youngman, bat 
now under the care of Misses Alexander and West The school opened 
with twenty in attendance, the ladies using their own home to accmn- 
modate some of the applicants. Miss Alexander writes : " "niese 
women commend themselves to us by their Christian cjiaracter, their 
^thfulness in study and work. They are prepared for this last most 
inexpensively. They come to us on trial for three months. After 
that some of them receive barely their living expenses for two years. 
Several, however, come at their own charges. The women are re. 
quired to pass an examination before entering the school, and their 
remaining in it as supported students is conditioned on their conduct 
and ability. The course of study is similar in many respects to that 
pursued in the Evangelistic School connected with the Meiji Gakuin." 
These women in connection with their studies do evangelistic work in 
the city during the winter, and spend their vacations among the out- 
lying towns and villages. Through the generosity of the Women's 
Boaxd of New York, the Board of Foreign Missions was enabled to 
appropriate )i,ooo for the erection of a building to be used by this 
Bible school. 

The difficulty of securing accurate church statistics of the work con- 
ducted by our missionaries in Japan has been referred to in former 
reports. The " Church of Christ," with which our mission co-operates, 
not being connected with our General Assembly, but being strictly a 
Japanese organization, persons baptized by our missionaries are en- 
rolled as members of that church. The amount of church work 
accomplished, therefore, can only be approximated by dividing the 
statistics of the Church of Christ appended to this report by the 
relative amount of force and means furnished by our mission. Tbe 
total membership of "The Church of Christ" is 10,611, of whom 
1,077 were received last year, being 371 less than reported for the 
year preceding. The net increase for the year was but 417 because 
o{ a very general dropping from church rolls of the names of persona 
whose whereabouts could not be ascertained. 

The work conducted by the Board of Home Missions is within the 
Presbyteries, and is under the immediate supervision of Presbyterial 
committees. The funds of the Board, drawn one-third from the 
churches and two-thirds from the co-operating missions, are apportioned 
to the several Presbyteries, and by their committees applied to evan- 
gelistic work. Last year those within the bounds of the Eastern Japan 
Mission employed eight ministers and licentiates, and also a number 
of the students of the Meiji Gakuin during the summer. The work. 

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though not attended with marked success, was much less discouraging 
than that in the capital. The outside evangelistic work conducted t^ 
the mission has a wide range, reaching as far north as Hakodate and 
Sapporo, in the Hakkaido, or island of Yessu. Eighteen ministers and 
licentiates were engaged in this service during the year. These have 
been sustained mainly through the special gifts of a firm of Christian 
gentlemen in the United States. Tlie mission, after examination of 
the field by Dr. Thompson, who made a tour of three months overlaod 
to the north, has recently recommended the securing of a residence in 
the Hakkaido to be occupied successively by our missionaries from 
the southern parts of the field in the interest of health and of a wider 
evangelization. It is greatly to be desired that the Board may be in 
position to take this forward step. 


The various educational enterprises connected with the mission, in 
common with all similar enteri>rises, have felt the reaction against 
foreign influence more keenly than any other part of the work. 

The Meiji Gakuitt, however, was permitted to welcome back most 
of the undergraduates of the preceding year, and to add a goodly 
number to its several departments. Nineteen were graduated from 
the Theological Department, the largest class in its history. The new 
Theological Hall and Library building, the gift in part of the late 
Thomas Williams, Esq., of Vernon, New York, was dedicated in June, 
1890, a handsome and valuable addition to the equipment of the in- 
stitution. The libraries of the Theological and Academic departments, 
comprising between seven and eight thousand volumes, have been 
combined and placed in the new edifice. A gift of 700 volumes to 
the library from Rev. Charles K, Imbrie, D.D,, a member of the Board 
of Foreign Missions, is gratefully acknowledged ; also similar gifts from 
two of the co-operating missions. The new building affords excellent 
facilities for a reading-room which has already been opened. The 
Academic Department had a roll of 93 students for the year, six of 
whom were graduated. Various changes are reported in the curricu- 
lum and management of this department, the former to qualify stu- 
dents for admission to the University, and the latter to place more 
responsibility on the Japanese members of the Faculty. The Rev. 
Mr. Ibuka has been appointed Vice-President ot the institution, Dr. 
Hepburn still retaining the Presidency, though unable to give much 
attention to the duties of the ofSce. 

The Meiji Eigakko (Preparatory Department), conducted in rented 
quarters in the heart of the city, has not yet proved the success ex- 
pected. Miss Ballagh, who devotes part of her time to this school, 
reports a marked improvement since its removal to ^e present loca- 
tion. The hope is expressed that some satisfactory arrangement may 
be made to secure its enlarged usefulness as a feeder of the Meiji 
Gakuin on a self- supporting basis. A special department has been 
opened in connection with this school for students desiring to pursue 
a partial course of study, but without cost to the mission. 

The School for Evangelists, under the direction of the Rev. N. 

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Tamura, assisted by Drs. Thompson and Knox, is designed for those 
too old to take a full theological course, and yet who give promise of 
oselulness as evangelists. The course of study, confined mostly to 
the Japanese Bible, covers two years. Eighteen students were in 
attendance, most of them self-supporting. That the Meiji Gakuin has 
substantially held its own during the year, while most similar institu- 
tions have decreased largely in numbers, and that, too, in the face of 
an advance in the curriculum of study, speaks well for the position 
which it holds, and gives food promise for the future. 

The Joshi Gakuin. — This is the name of the girls' school formed by 
consolidating Graham Seminary, 4a Tsukiji, and the Sakurai Jo Gakko, 
Bancho. It means " Female College." The names of the two insti- 
tutions thus united are perpetuated in two buildings on the new 
premises, for teachers and boarding pupils, called respectively 
"Graham Hall" and "Sakurai Home," The institution has been 
built on the cottage plan, under the conviction that the quality of the 
home life in smaller groups of girls is more helpful than that possible 
where larger numbers are gathered under one, roof. The report from 
the pen of Miss Gardner, who has been added to the faculty during 
the year, says : " Each cottage has morning and evening prayers, its 
own Cbnstiau Associations, King's Daughters circles, its special rules 
and household teaching, and yet all are at one in general sympathy 
and work." A " chapel " furnishes commodious class rooms and other 
facilities for effective work. The school has three departments of 
■tody, a Preparatory and Intermediate, covering four years each, and 
ao Advanced, requiring two years. The preparatory course answers 
to that given in the public schools of Tokyo, while the higher depart- 
ments have a well-selected range of studies based on the best models 
and having in view the needs of Japanese womanhood. The curricu- 
limi in each department gives marked prominence to Bible study and 
kindred subjects. The charge for board and tuition is sixty yen (a yen 
b a silver dollar) per annum, and for tuition alone fifteen yen. The 
pupils at the close of 1890 numbered 142, of whom 108 were boarders, 
79, or more than half of the entire number, being professing Christians. 
The school in its present form, however, had been in o|ieration but a 
few months at the close of the mission year, so that the report ought 
to include the earlier months of the year at Graham Seminary and 
Bancho. Suffice it to say that, notwithstanding the strong reaction 
against girls' schools, especially in the capital, both these institutions 
bad an encouraging attendance and report a period of successful work. 

The ladies connected with the Joshi Gakuin, in addition to the duties 
of the and the home, are busily engaged in various kinds of 
evangelistic work, as when connected with the separate institutions. 
The hope that the consolidation would inure to the bene&t of this work 
by releasing one or two of the teachers from class-room work, has 
already been realized — Miss Davis having devoted herself to this form 
of effort since her return from the United States, conducting Bible- 
classes for women in the city and adjacent towns. The temporary 
transfer of Miss Bigelow to meet an exigency in the Western Japan 
Mission, and of Miss Leete to Dai Machi during the furlough of Miss 

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West, have made it impossible to do more in this direction at present. 
Mrs. True, however, spent several months in Takata, a place aboat 
175 miles northwest of Tokyo, where she and Miss Davis and Miss 
Milliken had done much to promote Christian work in a girls' school, 
among the women, and in other directions. 

Dai Machi. — Mr. Okama's school, located in the section of the 
city which bears this name, and in which Misses Alexander and West 
have had charge of the English classes and the religious instruction, 
has been in existence fire years. Two pupils were graduated last 
year, and six are enrolled as seniors this year. The report says: 
" A number of the girls are Christians and listen to Christian teaching 
willingly, even a royal princess, who had teamed the Shorter Cat- 
echism by heart and would insist upon the Bible lesson if it were not 
given to her daily," 

The Shitu^awa School, under the direction of the same ladies, had 
So children mst year crowded into a tittle, tow, uncomfortable build- 
ing, large enough for but half the number. Notwithstanding its 
crowded condition, more than 90 children were refused admittance 
last year. All the children enrolled attend Sabbath-school with the 
consent of their parents. A plain, substantial building, which could 
be erected for $600 or $700, is urgently needed for this enterprise. 

Misses Alexander and West have also devoted some of their time 
to the Ai-Ai-Gakka, a school which had been opened by a soldier, 
who had completed tits term of service in the army. He had heard 
of Christ from one of his comrades, and on accepting the truth with 
Chrisdike compassion opened a school in a cloaely-built neighbor- 
hood, where 300 children were growing up in ignorance. He paid 
the rent of a wretched little tenement by drawing a jinriksha at night, 
depending for his living upon the uncertain gifts of the children. The 
attention of our ladies having been directed to the school through two 
of the Bible-women, providon was made for the rent of the room, and 
Hosoi San was relieved from the necessity of jinriksha work. Preach- 
ing services are held twice a week in the school, and a night-school has 
been opened for the parents of the pupils. 

The Kemo Gakko, No. i, under the care of Miss Youngman, had 
rs7 pupils in attendance. In connection with this school a large 
amount of religious work of various kinds has been done. During 
three months preaching services, with magic-lantern exhibitions, were 
held every night, several of the parents of the children making a public 
profession of their faith in connection with the services. Seven 
Sabbath-schools were assisted by the gifts of the children. 

Concemibg the S?uba Kemo Gakko, No. t, Mrs. Dr. McCauIey re- 
ports as follows : " This school bad an average attendance of 1 35 papils. 
The course has been made to correspond to the course in the govern- 
ment schools of like ^rade, and in addition one hour each day is devoted 
to religious instruction. In the four years' course the child's cat- 
echism, the Shorter Catechism, the Gospels, and a large part of Old 
Testament history is completely memorized and explained by the 
teachers. We have a Sunday-school, with an average attendance of 
150. The International lesson-leaves are studied. All the day pupils 

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attend the Sabbath- school and bring others with them. We have kept 
np a parents^ meetiiig and two children's meetings weekly during a 
greater part of the year, and have done house-to-house visitation." 

Miss Ballagh devotes part of her time to the Industrial School for 
girls at Shinjiku. This enterprise is under the management of Jap- 
anese ladies — Mrs. Kato, a Christian lady, being the principal, and 
devoting much of her time and means to the school. The girls at< 
tended religious services, and about 50 of them have made public pro- 
fession <A their faith within the past three years. 

The Sumiyoshieho Gakko, located in Yokohama, has completed its 
eighteenth year, with a roll of 300 pupils, 164 being boys and 136 
girls. Miss Case, who has had charge of the school during the year, 
writes : " Our object is to give a thorough vernacular education, based 
upon Christian principles. The course of study is that pursued at the 
government schools, this course being m^e obligatory by the govem- 
ment. The school is opened with prayer and singing, after which a 
Scripture verse in Japanese is memorized daily, also a lesson given in 
the child's catechism and Shorter Catechism." In addition to work in 
the Sabbath-school connected with this school, visirs have been made 
to the homes of the pupils, and services conducted on the Sabbath at 
HoBnaku. Mrs. Dr. Hepburn has rendered valuable assistance both 
in the day-school and Sabbath-schooL 

Dr. Hepburn has continued to teach a Bible-class in the Sumiyosh- 
ieho church, and has been supervising a building for that church, be 
and Mrs. Hepburn having raised funds foi it dunng their recent visit 
to the United States. 

Dming the absence of Miss Smith on furlough, the Girls' School at 
Sapporo was conducted by Miss Katheryn B. Light, who is to be asso- 
ciated with Miss Smith during the coming year, the work having out- 
grown the strength of one lady. The school reports a roll of 60 
pupils, notwithstanding the heavy loss by marriage and removal to 
Other places. A church, in connection with the Church of Christ, was 
organized during the year by a member of the Reformed Mission at 
Sendai. The ladies at this station have charge of three Sunday- 
schools, with an aggregate attendance of 200 pupils. Miss Smith re- 
ports the religious interest in the city as encouraging, meetings for 
prayer being well attended, and a number of girls in the school, who 
have not professed their faith in Christ, being deeply interested. 

Literary Work. 

Dr. Hepburn has continued the preparation of his Dictionary of 
the Bible and Theological Terms in Japanese, which will probably 
be published during the present year. The Doctor has also devoted 
some time to work connected with [he Committee on the Revision 
of the Japanese Bible, of which he is a member. Dr. Knox, under 
the title of " The Mystery of Life," has published his theological lec- 
tures in English and Japanese, making thereby a valuable addition to 
the theological literature ot Japan. Dr. McCartee, in addition to 
various other kinds of mission work, has revised and published a tract 

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prepared by him in Chinese in 1861, and subsequently translated into 
Japanese by Dr. Hepburn, and still later republished by the London 
Religious Tract Society. Mrs. Ballagh has prepared a translation of 
" First Steps," which has been published by the Tract Society, and rfie 
is also busy with a translation of " The Story of the Bible." Our own 
mission, and that of the Reformed Church, have for some time past 
united in the support of a retiKtous paper, meeting the deficit, which 
has steadily decreased, until it is now but 25 yen per month. The 
paper is growing in favor with the Church. Concerning this, Dr. 
Imbrie writes : " Christian papers are needed in Japan as much as in 
America. When one remembers the small variety of Christian liter- 
ature as yet accessible, and the difficulty of finding profitable em- 
ployment apart from the church services on the Sabbath, it will be 
apparent that even a paper that is far from what a religious paper 
might be, is not a thing to be despised," 

In iiddition to this, Mr. Pierson has issued a small sheet, called The 
Monthly Evangelist, printed partly in English and partly in Japanese, 
containing valuable information concerning Christ's kingdom in Japan, 
and reading mattA for the household. It has recently been enlarged 
to ten pages, eight of which are in Japanese. It is furnished at the 
«i)all price of 12 sen (cents) a year, and without cost to the mission. 

Bible and Tract Society Work. 

It is noted with gratitude that during the past year the American 
and the British and Foreign Bible Societies, and the National Bible So- 
ciety of Scotland, cordially accepted a proposition from the mission- 
aries in Japan to place the work of their respective societies in the 
hands of a Resident Committee, in which our mission is represented. 
This Committee is known as "The Bible Societies' Committee for 
Japan," and took formal charge of the work July i, 1890. This plan 
has reduced the number of Bible Houses to one, and permitted the 
transfer of one of the agents to China. 

The American Tract Society, and the London Religious Book and 
Tract Society, have also agreed to commit their work in Japan to a 
Resident Committee, with one foreign agent. The work of these 
societies for the past year was crippled by diminished contributions 
from the churches, sharing in this respect the general depres^on 
in the Enipire. Large sales, however, were made, both of books 
and tracts, and much precious seed was thereby scattered throughout 

Statistics of East Japan. 

Ordained missionarEes 7 

Medical missionaries 3 

Lay missionary i 

Married lady missionaries 7 

Single lady missionaries 14 

Meiji Gakuin (Theological Department) 38 

Meiji Gakuin (Academic Deparcmeni) 165 

Evangelistic Training-School tS 

Boardlng-sctiool i 

Girls in boarding-school loS 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


Day-schools g 

PupiU In day-schools gia 

Total nmnbcTof papils i>33t 

Pnjdls In Sabbath-achaol 730 

Staiistkt of the Church of Christ in Jafan. 

OntstatkMis gl 

Churcfaet 71 

CommanicanU 10,611 

Added dwiiig the jrear 1,077 

Of Ow sbove mimiiaiT about one-baU ma; be fairly audited 
to the Fndijtariau Chuidi (North) u it fumbhes abotil half 
the miidoDaiies and half tD« (unds prorided b; the f DTeien 
ndBionuT lOdetics oxipeTBtiiie with the United Church. 

Wut Japan Hlsalon, 

KavazaWA : en the weit ccom of the maio island, about iSo miks noitbweit of 
Tokroi rtatlon occurM, 1879; Re^' Mosn. Thomai C. Winn, Uanhall C. Haves, 
J. K. LeODaid, A. G. Tarlor, G. W. Fultoa, and Ihdr wives ; Ulss Harv K. HeaKr, 
His F. E. Potter, Itn. L. H. Naylor, Uiai Kate Shaw, Hiu H. S. LDmland. 

Osaka : a se^>oit on the main island, about ao mitei from Hiof|:o ; station oociipled, 
1881 ; Rev. Messrs. Thomas T. Alexander, B. C. Haworth, Geoige E. Woodhull, J. W. 
Doj^tr, and thdi wha ; UUs Ann Eliia Gaivin, Hiu Alice R. Haworth, Uiu 11. E. 

HiROSHliu -. 00 the Inland Sea ; station occupied, 1887 ; Rev. Uescn. Arthur V. 
Biran aiKi F. S Curtis, and thdr wivta ; Hiss U. Nellie Cuthbert. 
Knrro: atatkn occupied, iSqo; Rev. Uessts. J. B. Potter, John P. Heaist, Ph.D., 

The foUowing changes have taken place in the misaionaiy force of 
the West Japan field. In August the Osaka station was strength- 
enetl by the arrival of Rev, and Mrs. J. W, Doughty. It has, how- 
ever, suffered the loss of Mr. Fisher, who, on account of the ill-healdt 
of Mrs. Fisher, has been compelled to return to this country. Rev. 
and Mrs. J. P. Hearst have been transferred from Osaka to Kyoto. 
Yamagut^ has become the station of Rev. and Mrs. J. B. Ayres, and 
it is seen that the opportunities opening at this most important and 
promising centre warranted the change. 

As the majority of the missionanes in this part of Japan are ixna- 
par^vely new-comers, considerable time and strength have been given 
to the study of the language and preparation for the future. Still all 
have had a share in the work of the mission, in its educational or 
evangelistic departments. 

Educational Work, 

The real results accomplished in and through oar schools cannot 

be told by fignres. The last was a peculiarly unfavorable year for 

nnssioDaiy efiorts in Japan and especially for educational work. The 

ttotlents seemed to be restless and discontented, not only in mission 


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schools, but also In Governnient institutions. This made it difficult to 
get their attention fixed on religious truth. 

The Kanazawa Girli School has been in existence six years^ and 
during that time about one hundred and fifty pupils have been in at- 
tendance. Of this number only six came from Christian homes. Up 
to the present time thirty-one have been received into the church, and 
besides these there were about twenty who accepted Jesus as their 
Saviour, but were not permitted by their parents to publicly confess 
Him. During the year there has been an attendance of fifty pupils, 
and a deep interest manifested by all in the study of the Bible. 

There have been twenty-two girls in attendance in the Boarding 
Department of the Girls' School. Miss Hesser writes: "The Board- 
ing Department of our School is the most satisfactory ; we have more 
influence over the girls there. Nearly all our boarders become 
Christians." Eight of the older Christian girls have taught in Sunday- 
schools. A Christian Association was organized among the girls.dur- 
' ing the year with an active membership of thirty-five. They have 
done not a little for the relief of the poor, and in providing school 

The Bi^i School of Kanazawa has completed the seventh year of 
its history. The report shows a slight decline in numbers, and yet the 
missionaries speak of a decided improvement in the condition of the 
school. It has better buildings, a more efficient corps of teachers, 
and is better organized. During the year a boarding department has 
been opened. The evangelistic work done through this school is of 
great importance. The Bible has been taught faithfully to all the pu- 
pils. The value of this Bible study is inestimable. There were 
eighteen Christian students in the school who were all engaged in 
evangelistic efforts. With a little help from the missionaries they 
have carried on two Sunday-schools and two preaching stations ; 
they have helped in the work of the churches already established ; 
some of them have been active in spreading a knowledge of the truth 
in their homes. This school is now giving an education to at least 
six young men who are looking forward to the work of the Gospel 

The Kanazawa School for Children reports an attendance of fifty 
pupils. None of these are supported by Ihe school ; all pay the 
tuition fees required. The Bible is, of course, abundantly taught, and 
the examinations which the little children passed in it during the year 
it was delightful to hear. Children's prayer-meetings have been held 
weekly, in which ail have freely taken part. Miss Porter writes : 
" Parents are becoming interested in Christianity through their chil- 
dren. One mother has asked for Bible instruction, one for baptism, 
two fathers have begun to attend church, and one old grandmother 
was received into the church during the year who had been led by 
one of these little ones. Occasionally we hear from the children that 
a father or mother is reading the Bible. Some of our scholars seem 
true believers, but they are too young yet to make an outward con- 
fession of their faith. Nevertheless, one little girl thirteen years old, 
after a satisfactory examination, was received into the church this 

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The Osaka Girls' Schitol. — ^The educational depirtmeat of the mis- 
sion in Osaka is confined mainly to the Giils' School. A series of 
unfortunate events, due mainly to the change in public opinion 
vith reference to woman's education in Christian schools, has greatly 
diminished the number of pupils, the attendance having been reduced 
more than half. Within tiie year five of the girls have been received 
into the church, and the chanty Sunday-school, organized by the 
teachers for other children of the neighborhood, has been an excellent 
means of cultivating and strengthening the Christian character of the 
pupils in the Girls' School itself One of the pleasing features of this 
institution is the Young Woman's Missionary Association. Its earn- 
ings are sent to the Home Missionary Society ; besides this, special 
coDtribations were made during the year to the Okayama Orphan 

A free class for children has been started by Miss Ha worth, for the 
benefit of those who are unable to pay even the small tuition asked in 
Government schools, or to provide themselves with suitable books or 
clothing. From seventeen the number has grown to nearly thirty. 
Curiosity and interest are being awakened in the religion which prompts 
such compassion on the poor, and the parents are warmly grateful for 
die kindness shown their children. Miss Haworth writes : " The most 
pleasing and encouraging part of such missionary work comes in the 
little incidents which are too small to be told." 

The Hiroshima Girli School has had an attendance during the year 
of fuurtcen pupils. Four of these have become Christians, and others 
have been deeply interested. Owing to the fact that a large building 
is about to be completed for the Methodist Girls' School in Hiro- 
shima, it has been thought wise to remove our school to Yamaguchi, 
where a much higher value is set upon education. Mr. Ayres reports 
Uie school alreaify opened there, and that it bids fair to be successful. 

Church Work. 
As regards the attitude of the native ministry in Japan in relation 
to the recent Confessional changes which have been discussed and 
effected there, some anxiety has naturally been felt in America among 
the friends of missions. It will be a relief and a gratification to all 
such friends to read the statement made on this point by one of our 
most careful missionaries, Mr. Alexander, in a recent letter : " The 
Meeting of the Synod in Tokyo lasted two weeks, and was a meeting 
long to be remembered by all who were present .... No one could 
£ail to be impressed with the intelligence, the orthodoxy, and the piety 
of the whole body of native ministers and elders. They were evi- 
dently an earnest, devoted company of men, bent upon doing what 
they thought to be best for the interests of the church which they rep- 
resented and for the cause of Christ in general I for one felt that 
humanly speaking the Church is safe in the hands of such men, and 
this feeling is greatly strengthened by my personal acqu^ntance 
with most of them ; many of them I regard as warm personal friends. 
Another thing that impressed me favorably was the evident good feel- 
ing between the native brethren and the missionaries. The cry now 

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is everywhere throughout the coud^ — 'Japan for the Japanese,' and 
foreigners no longer have a controlling voice in settling important 
matters. Yet la the meeting of the Synod there were no unpleasant 
niisunderstandings, and I think that missionaries and native brethren 
felt that they had all been drawn nearer together than ever before. 
The Church now has a short, simple and evangelical creed which all 
can accept heartily ; it has a dedikdly Presbyterian form of Govern- 
ment } it has an earnest, devoted tninistry, that is growing in numbers 
and that is destined to wield a great influence in Japan in favor of the 
troth as it is in Jesus Christ." 

"The churches in connection with our Western Japan Misuon are 
now on a firmer basis and in better condition, on the whole, than at 
any ^ne in their past history. This is seen not so much in the num- 
bers recently added to the membership as in the general condition 
and ontlook of the churches themselves. The members are for the 
most part in good standing, and there is a growing tendency in the 
direction of self-support. The misdonaiy spirit, too, is abroad among 
the churches to an extent that is very gratifying indeed." 

The J<'irst Church of Kanasawa reports a prosperous year. Mr. 
Banno, the efficient pastor, has received into membership during the 
year twenty-three, making a total membership of one hundred and 
eighty-three. This church has been self-supporting for several years, 
and has been active in missionary work from the first. Its regular 
weekly services have been well attended, and many special meetings 
have been held for the spread of the truth. The pastor has shown 
himself most active in visiting the towns and villages all through this 
r^OD. A good Sabbath-school and a weekly prayer-meeting are kept 
up in connection with the church, and women's meetings are main- 
tained for prayer and Bible study. Mr. Fulton writes : " The First 
Church is certainly in a thriving condition, and is shedding forth a 
good light in the midst of the surrounding darkness." 

The Second Church of Kanatawa has a membership of sixty-six- 
It has thus far been without a settled pastor, but hopes to call and 
maintain such a leader in the near future- Two Sabbath- schools 
are connected with the church, and a weekly prayer-meeting, be- 
sides other meetings in the homes of the Christians. Several tiroes 
during the year series of special meetings have been held, which 
have been well attended. 

The Osaka North Church has a membership of three hundred 
and fifty. It is entirely independent of the mission so far as finan- 
cial matters are concerned. The pastor, Mr. Wada, is regularly in- 
stalled, and the general condition of the church is healthful and 
prosperous. The number of additions during the year was sixty. 

The Osaka South Church has, in some respects, had a less pros- 
perous year than the North Church. Rev. Mr. Aoki, who had been 
acting as pastor for two years, resigned at the close of the year 18S9, 
and smce that time the church has been without a regular minister, 
and has suff^cred greatly in consequence. Several additions, how- 
ever, have been made during the year. The church has a member- 
ship of one hundred and seventy-five, and is sustaining a second 

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preaching place in the city. Good Sabbath-schools are kept up in 
connection with both the North and South churches. 

TAt Odru Church. — Odzu is a small town in the province of lyo, 
in Shikoku. The church has a membership of seventy, and has 
been during the year under the charge of Rev- Mr. Sakurai, assisted 
by his very efficient and active wife as a Bible-woman. A comfortable 
little chapel has been entirely relieved of debt during tbe year. 
This is owing to an extra effort on the part of the believers, A few 
additions have been made to the membership, and preaching has 
also been kept up by the church in another part of the town. 

The Yanagawa Church. — This church has a membership of 
seventy-five, and has been for a year under the care of Rev. Mr. 
Nakaroura, who has done roost faithful work. A few additions 
have been made during the year. A new chapel is Hearing comple- 
tion, the expense of building being borne chiefly by the members. 

The Hiroshima Church is in a very prosperous condition. It has 
a membership of eighty-one. Twenty-two have been added during 
the year, and fourteen are being instructed with a view to baptism. 
Under the excellent pastor, Mr. Hattori, the church has become 
united, and has made much progress. One of the encouraging fea- 
tures of the church Sunday-school is the Men's Bible-class, with a 
membership of twenty-five- 

The Yamaguchi Church has been in existence for several years, 
although no missionary has resided there. It reports a membership 
of one hundred and seven, twenty-six having been added during 
the year. The native preacher in charge of the church is a very 
active, earnest man, and with Mr. Ayres is laboring diligently, not 
only in the city, but also in the neighboring towns. Mr. Ayres re- 
ports the diurch as being " united, hopeful, and earnest" A prom- 
ising Sunday-school is maintained in connection with the church, 
with an average attendance of one hundred and twenty. 

EvangeliiHc Work. 

Tbe past year has been one of considerable increase in evangel- 
istic efforts. Labors were begun for the first time by our mission in 
the important cities of Kyoto and Kobe, and in both places with 
gratifying results. The missionary spirit spoken of as existing in 
the churches has made itself felt very decidedly in some quarters. 
In many of the country stations the work has been marked by new 
life, and the number of inquiries has ^eady increased. " It is a 
remarkable fact that while there is a wide-spread reaction against 
foreigners, public sentiment has steadily grown more favorable to 
Christianity. In many places where one year ago persecution was 
very strong, the tide has turned, and a generally favorable feeling 
haa taken possession of the hearts of the people. It may be said 
that throughout Western Japan public sentiment is more decidedly 
in favor of the Christian religion than ever before. This is owing 
lar^Iy to the fact that the lives of the Christians are so much bet- 
ter than those of the people by whom they are surrounded. A re- 

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ligion that can so transfonn and elevate commends itself to the 
judgment of the intelligent and thinking men in Japan." 

Kanazawa- — In addition to the organized churches in Kanazawa, 
three preaching places are maintained in different parts of the city. 
In this way many are reached who do not come to the churches. 
Bible-classes held in the homes of Christians also serve to draw 
many to heat of Jesus and His love. During the lime of great 
scarcity in the past year, funds were raised from among the mission- 
aries and native Christians sufficient to maintain five hundred of the 
suffering poor of Kanazawa. Miss Hesser writes : '' The great 
need for earnest Christian women to do evangelistic work among 
the women in Kanazawa and the surrounding cities lies heavily on 
our hearts, and from places far and near letters come asking for 
teachers. It is our aim and desire to supply these places as soon 
as possible. Fiay that God may help us in this important under- 

Osaka. — The evangelistic work in the city of Osaka has been far 
more extensive and successful during the past year than ever be- 
fore. The churches have been more than u.sually active in estab- 
lishing places for preaching in destitute parts of the city. The 
young men have been especially earnest and faithful in their labors, 
many of them giving money to the cause. Much of the preaching 
also has been done by them. The church members have opened 
their own houses for preaching ; the women of the church have 
held frequent missionary meetings, have contributed liberally of 
their means, and otherwise have exerted themselves to keep alive 
the missionary spirit. 

Another thing that has served to help forward the cause in Osaka 
is the union of the Cuinberland Presbyterian Church with the 
" Itchi Kyokwai " (Church of Christ). There were two churches in 
Osaka belonging to this body, which since the union have become 
one with ours. The four grand divisions of this city (with its 
400,000 inhabitants), North, East, South, and West, have each now 
its Presbyterian church, and these churches are doing what they 
can to spread the knowledge of the Gospel in the neighborhoods 
lying immediately about them. 

There are in Osaka three ordained native preachers, and one 
licentiate, all of whom are active, zealous workers. In addition to 
the labors being carried on in the churches, a new preaching station 
has been opened on one of the busiest streets of the city. In con- 
nection with this new station a Bible-class is held on Sabbath morn- 
ing, and a preaching service on Sunday and Wednesday evenings. 
The attendance on these services has been good from the first. 

Hiroshima. — In addition to the flourishing Sunday-school con- 
nected with the Hiroshima Church, Miss Cuthbcrt has successfully 
carried on two smaller schools, with an average attendance of one 
hundred and twenty children and one hundred and fifty adults. An 
encouraging feature of our efforts here is that six young men have 
offered themselves as candidates for the ministry. A promising 
Y. M. C. A. also has been started. Mr. Curtis writes, in a recent 

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letter, that he will open two new preaching stations in Hiroshima 
during the summer. There are four outstations connected with this 
centre, with a church roeoibership of two hundred and seven,- thirty- 
two having been added during the year. 

Kyoto, — Mr. Porter reached Kyoto in the spring of 1890. The 
cordial relaticms existing from the first between our brethren and those 
of the American Board still continue, and in harmony with the coun- 
sek of these brethren preaching was soon begun in the northwest part 
of the city, where no Christian work had been attempted before, and 
which had the reputation of being a difficult field. The attendance on 
the meetings has been quite large. Twenty -two have confessed 
Christ, making the total number of believers fifty-two, and five more 
are waiting for further instruction. This place for preaching has been 
supported by the Japanese Christians from the first, without assistance 
from the mission, so far as finances are concerned. In addition to 
this the believers have contributed to the " poor fund," and to the 
Home Mission Board. 

One of the most encouraging features of the year in Kyoto has been 
the work among women. Their meetings on Thursdays have an aver- 
age attendance of fifteen, while the number is sometimes as high as 
thirty. Mrs. Okabe, the Bible-woman, has done most faithful work in 
house-to-house visitation. In November Kyoto was reinforced by the 
arrival of Dr. and Mrs. Hearst from Osaka. Mr. Porter writes : "The 
outlook in Kyoto is encour^^ng, and I regard it as providential that 
we were led to begin work in this important city and home of Buddh- 

The work at Tsumga ^an outstation of Kyoto, situated on the west 
coast, at the present terminus of the railroad) is in a most satisfactory 
condition. The place has lately increased in interest as a mission 
centre on account of the fierce apposition and persecution from the 
Buddhists. Sixteen persons have made a confession of their faith 
during the year. At the time of Dr. Mitchell's visit, October, 
1889, the Christian force in Tsuruga was limited to the labors of one 
lonely Japanese youth, who was an object of suspicion and contempt 
to almost all the people, being driven from house to house in his 
efforts to secure a lodging- place, and able to find a room only in the 
poorest and most wretched quarters. The little gatherings in the nar- 
row apartment where he used to teach his faith were the object of 
derision and abuse among all the people. The strong delegation to 
Tsuruga at the time of the visit mentioned, including several mission- 
aries and efficient native ministers, seemed to give a new impulse to the 
whole work in Tsuruga. It was found that the lonely evangelist had 
friends. Hearers soon followed ; a preacher more mature and aggres- 
Mve was stationed there. Mr, Porter has given the place some special 
attention and the work, under his supervision from Kyoto, has, not- 
withstanding continued persecution, gone forward with the results 
given above. 

Kobe. — Early in the spring of 1890 Mr. and Mrs. Haworth removed 
to Kobe from Osaka, primarily because of the lack of a dwelling in 
Osaka. A suitable place for Christian services was soon secured. 

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where preaching three 6znes in the week and & Sunday-sdiool have 
been maintained ever since. In addition to these r^ular services, 
several series of nightly meetings, sometimes extending over a week, 
have been held. The membership received into the church is fifteen. 

Besides the labors of the missionaries and native preachers in con- 
nection with the churches and preaching places named in the preced- 
ing paragraphs, there is another important branch of work — that of 
carrying the Gospel into the remoter parts of the interior. The mis- 
don stations of Kanazawa, Osaka, and Hiroshima arc located in the 
central part of our field, and connected with these stations there are 
twenty-nine outstattons where regular labors are carried on by native 
peachers, assisted by our missionaries, who make frequent tours visit- 
ing all these points. In nearly every one of these outstations there 
have been baptisms during the year. It is Che desire of the missiona- 
ries to push the evangelistic work in and around these populous 
centres as rapidly as possible. Our brethren feel no discouragement, 
and declare that there is reason to hope for even greater progress next 
year than during the past, 

A year ago a request was sent by the mission to the Board for "at 
least five new men to aid in the work of the mission in view of the 
very pressing need in the re^on south and west of Osaka, and in the 
island of Kiushu." The secretary of the mission, in closing the report 
of the year's labors, writes : " Shall our reiterated appt^ to the Board 
for men for this region be unanswered another year ? At least two 
men are needed that we may start a station in this section, and two 
more might profitably spend the greater part of their time in touring 
through the whole Inland Sea." 

Statistics of West Japan Mission. 

Ordained mlssioDaries 14 

Single lodf misikiiiujefl 9 

UaiiJed " " 14 

\ Ordained nAllna 11 

I Nacive licentiate preadiera. ij 

Native affiistanta and teaclwn . . 

Added duri^ ibe ytax... 

Students tat miniBt^ 17 

Giria in boaidiog-achools. ao 

Boya in daf-achools aS 

Girls Iq 

Total number In scbooli 151 

Number of icboob. 5 

Pupili In Sabttatb-^cboola 1,303 

Contributions f^i i35 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


The Korean Mission has passed through many vicissitudes, but is 
noir upon a stronger and apparently more stable basis than ever be- 
fore. Even during the last year it has passed through peculiar trials, 
paiticnlaTly in the sickness and death of the late Dr. Heron, who was 
in charge of its medical department. Dr. Heron had been on the 
field about five years, and had gained great influence not only with the 
misiion circle and with the foreign residents, who were glad to avail 
thanselvea of his medical skill, but also with the king and his court, 
at>d the Koreans generally. He had been overworked, and was in no 
condition to re^t the violent inroads of dysenleiy which attacked him 
in the svunmer, and after a few days put an end to his useful life. He 
left a wife and family who will remain on the field, Mrs. Heron 
having resolved to give herself to the task of carrying forward, so far 
as she is able, the good work firom which her hnsbimd was so early 
withdrawn. There are now four ordained missionaries and one un- 
married female missionary besides Mrs. Heron. There has been great 
encouragement during the year, particularly in the outstations, and 
new fields are opening up with peculiar promise. During the year 
Dr. H. N. Allen resigned his connection with the mission and accepted 
the position of Secretary of United States Legation. For a consid- 
erable part of the year, however, he has had charge of the hospital, the 
medical care of which has always been in the hands of the mission. 
Late in the year Dr. C. C. Vinton, M.D., and wife, sailed for Korea. 
It is expected that Dr. Vinton will take charge of the important work 
of the hospital in Seoul. This institution was established under the 
medical care of Dr. Allen at the veiy foundation of the mission. The 
great influence which he had gained with the Government, especially 
by bis skillful treatment of patients connected with the court, led the 
Idng very wiUingly to establish this hospital and put it under his care. 
Upon the withdrawal of Dr. Allen to become an attach^ of the Korean 
Embassy at Washington, about three years since, the institution was 
placed under the care of Dr. Heron, llie chief expense of the hospital 
artd the dispensary work connected with it is borne by the Govern- 
ment. It has undoubtedly given prestige and influence to the mission 
and it is to be hoped that in the future it will accomplish more ana 
more in this direction. Good has been accomplished in the early 
hbtoTf <A the mission by medical practice among the foreign residents. 
Af a rule such practice is not encouraged, even though the financial 

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136 KOREA. 

proceeds are pla£ed in the mission treasury, but in the opening of the 
Korean Mission it seemed necessary, and was therefore sanctioned. 
The local report, in speaking of the influence of Dr. Heron in this 
department, says : " He opened the houses of many of the most influ- 
ential people of Korea, and those doors are being kept open by his 
wife, who is visiting the families of these people, teaching of Christ, 
and leaving Christian books and tracts." The receipts reported from 
medical work among foreigners for the year amount to $1,570.87. 
With a part of this a house and lot have been secured, valued at 
$1,043.22. Mrs. Underwood, formerly Miss LJIlie Horton, M.D., has 
since her marriage continued 10 do more or less medical work among 
women, so-far as her health would warrant. An average of three or 
four patients a day have called at her home, and many calls have been 
made upon those who were too ill to be moved. Christian instruction 
has in most cases attended prescriptions for bodily health. Mrs. 
Underwood hopes to open a dispensary for women should her 
health permit. 

The reports of the church show that the present number of communi- 
cants is 100. Besides these there are fifteen ap))licants for baptism. 
R^uiar services are held on Sunday morning and on Wednesday 
afternoon ; there is a Sabbath-school every Sunday afternoon, with an 
average attendance of 43. The Week of Prayer was observed jointly 
by the Presbyterian and the Methodist churches. 

Educational work is becoming more fully established, lite Girls* 
School, under the care of Miss S. A. Doty, has at present nine pupils. 
The average support of these is $39. One death has occurred, and 
one girl has been obliged to return home. Seven are studying the 
Chinese language, which is the literary language of the country. Four 
have committed the Catechism ; three have committed the ten com- 
mandments. In connection with the study of books the girb are 
taught to do every kind of work pertaining to a Korean home. It is 
the purpose of the teacher hereafter to admit those who are about ten 
j'ears of age, and keep them, if possible, for five years, after which it 
IS hoped they will be well trained and also grounded in the Christian 
faith. The Boys' School has formerly been known as the Orphanage. 
Under the direction of Mr. MofFett its policy is being changed. Boys 
will be admitted with the understanding that a part of the expense is 
to be borne by the pupils or their parents ; instead of being retained 
the entire year, they will be sent home during the long vacation. Dur- 
ing a part of the year Mr. Gale, missionary of the Y. M. C. A. of 
Toronto, has rendered assistance in the school. A winter class in 
theology has been taught by Mr. Gifibrd. Seven men, most of whom 
were from outstations, were taught for one month. A very strong 
desire was shown for instruction in the Bible and in Christian knowl- 
edge. One of the pupils was an eider in the church, who for two years 
had been engaged in evangelistic work at his own charges. Mr. Ud* 
derwood, as far as his many other duties would permit, gave them in- 
struction in Bible truth. The progress of these men is spoken of as 
having been highly' satisfactory. Five colporteurs and evangelists and 
one unpaid agent have given their entire time to Christian work during 

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D,j,i,i.aL, Google 

138 KOREA. 

the year, laborine mostly in the interior north of S«ouL The people 
of Yang Jun, an interior tovn, have expressed a desire to have some 
one teach them Christian doctrine. The work of Mr. Underwood has 
been interrupted during the year by serious indisposition on the part 
both of himself and of Mrs. Underwood, and they were obliged to 
leave their field for a time and repair to Chefoo, China. Yet most 
valuable work has been done by him in supplying, not only to our 
own mission, but to others, Korean translations of the very best and 
most indispensable books. We quote from the misdon report an ac- 
count of this work, which is as follows : 

" The literary work of the mission for the year has been of tvro 
kinds, secular and religious. The secular has been the publication of 
a small dictionary, and a practical grammar of the language which 
needs no fiirther comment in this report. Early in the year, at the 
suggestion of the Methodist Mission, the permanent Bible Committee 
of Korea decided to place the translation of the New Testament in 
the hands of a committee of two, and at its June meeting elected 
Dr. Scranton and Mr. Underwood Bs'*that committee. The mission 
then appointed a committee for the work of secular translation, and 
the preparation of a Christian literature for Korea. The work of 
Bible translation has been from the start subject to frequent inter- 
ruption. Continued and prolonged sickness has required the almost 
constant time of first one and then the other member of the Bible 
Society's committee, and as, especially at the start, joint work was 
needed, the work has been much delayed. Although the speedy re- 
turn of Dr. Scranton to America has caused a change in ^e trans- 
lating committee, the committee feel that the work of the year has not 
been lost, and they trust that it may be one of the means of speedily 
presenting to this people more accurate copies of God's Word." In 
addition to the work on the Bible a fair amount of time has been spent 
by Mr. Underwood in the preparation of tracts, and one entitled 
"Seng Gyo Chal Vi," has been published by the Korean Religious 
Tract Society. There have also been prepared two tracts on "The 
Nature of God," and " Exhortation to Repentance," which are now in 
the press. There are now ready for the press tracts entitled " Regen- 
eration," "Controverted Points of Christianity," and a translation of 
Mrs. Nevius' " Christian Catechism," The translation of the " Shorter 
Catechism " has been carefully revised the third time, and handed to 
the committee appointed by the mission to examine it. There are 
now in hand translations of Dr. Martin's " Evidences of Christianity," 
which has been prepared with the consent of the author, and Dr. 
Nevius' book, " Romanism and Protestantism," and Mrs. Nevius^ 
, " Christian Perseverance." 

Since July last Mrs. GifTord has had charge of the class of women 
formerly under the care of Mrs. Underwood. The average attendance 
has been about nine. They have met weekly for instruction in the 
Scriptures and the Catechism and for prayer. 

Daring the year the Board has authorized the opening of Fusan, the 
southeast port of Korea, and a place which is likely to become a gate- 
way of communicadon with Japan, and with this country by way of 

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Japan. Flans for building have been made on an inexpensive scale, 
the cairyin^ out of which has been rendered possible by generous 
individual gifts from those who are spedally interested in the Korean 

Reference has already been made to the addition of Dr. and Mrs. 
Vinton to the missionary force. Two or three months eaxlier Rev. 
and Mrs. W. M. Baird were also sent out. Their arrival has been 
reported, and they have been welcomed with peculiar gratitude and 
approval. High hopes are expressed of their future usefulness. 

Slaiisiiet of Korea Mission. 


HaiTied (enule miidonaiie$. 

Added duiine UMyeai- 3 

Present Dumber of ' — "- — 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 

Southern Mexico. 

Begtin in 1873 in the Cit^ of Ueiico ; misiioaaiies— Rev. Uessra. J. Kihon Gteene, 
D.D., Heory C. Thomson, and Hubert W. Brown, Mra. Thomson and His. Brown, 
liiaa A. U. BaitlMI and Uiss Ella De Bsun, in M eiko Qit;, Native ministen : Uexico 
Cily, Rev. Areadie Moraltt, Rni. Abraham Franco ; Toluca, ^re iMii Ariat; jBtap« 
(Tabasco), Rev. Evarislo Hurtadii ; Oiumba, Rev. Vote P. Havartx ; 7imiiHn, Xev. 
Severiane Gaihgei; Jacala, Stv. Victnli Comet; Zilacuaro, fftnr. Danul SadrifueM 
and Felife Pailrana; Tuipan (Uicfa.l, Revs. Maximiano Palemine and Pedro BaJ- 
laitra; Jungapeo, Ren. Enrigtu Biaiuki ; Vera Crui, Rev. Salmem Dia* ; Galerade 
Coapilla, Rev. HipoUto Qtieiada ; Jalapa (Vera Cnti), Rtn. Antonio Lepex ; Paraiso, 
Rai. Migvel Arias ; San Juan Bautisla, Rev. Leopelda Diax; Coiaalcaico, Rev. EJiga 
N. Granados; Caidenas, Rev. Procopia C. Dfam ; ChQpaneinED, Rev. FlMlarco Arel- 
lano ; Tlilla, Rev. PriicHiane Zavaltta ; licenliates, 4: native (eadien and belpeis, 34. 

Northern Mexico. 

Zacatecas r occupied 1873 ; laborera— Rev. Messrs. Thomas F. Wallace asd William 
Wallace ; Rtv. yestts Martinet, Rev. Brigidio Sefulveda, and Rev. Luis Amayo ; liceo- 
tiatea, 10 ; native helpeis, s. 

Sah Luis Potosi : occupied 1873 ; Rev. M. E. Beall and wife ; Seti. J/eiifiae Far- 
coda ; licentiates, 3 ; teachers, 6. 

Saltili/}: occulted 1S84; Rer. Isaac Bofce and vrKe; Ulss Jennie Wbeeler and 
Uiss Uabel EUioU ; Uceatiates, 7 ; teachers, 6. 

San Hiquel del Uezquital : occupied 1876 ; laboreia— Rev. David J. Stewart and 
wife ; 3 teachers. 

In Ihit country: Itra. J. U. Greeoe and Urs. T. F. Wallace. 

The work in Southern Mexico far the year 1890, while it presents 
many encouragements, and many reasons for devout thanksgiv- 
ing, makes large demands upon the Church for more earnest prayer 
and an intelligent apprehension of the real difficulties with which our 
missionaries have to grapple. During the year they have lost two 
of their native ministers, not hy death, but in one case by that utter 
lack of Christian heroism which led to an abandonment of his 
field for fear of infectious disease. 

It is a comfort to know that of those who have been trained up 
from the first by the mission we have yet to record a single case of 
moral defection. The Theological Seminary is now well established 
and eRectively administered. It is expected that very soon all our 
churches will be supplied with well-educated and thoroughly proven 
men. The present plan is to alternate one year of study with one 
of preaching. 

The year has been one of prosperity in the Girls' Training School. 
Thirty-seven boarders and twenty-one day pupils have received 
careful instruction and a thoroughly Christian nurture. The influ- 
ence of this institution on the future of Mexican youth and of do- 
mestic life can scarcely be over-estitnated. It touches Mexican 
needs just where these are deepest and most vital. This school, 

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MEXICO, south; 141 

and the 35 day-schools and 39 Sabbath-school^ represent a direct 
evangelizing influence on at least 1,600 Mexican children and 

The religious paper. El Faro, has enjoyed, as from the first, a 
growing popularity and has extended its circulation till not less 
than 16,000 souls have been reached fortnightly by its messages of 
saving truth. It has the largest circulation of any of the Protestant 
papers in the Republic and continues to maintain a high standard 
for its literary qualities and letterpress. The subscription list now 
numbers about 4,000, aboutone-halfof which represents paying sub- 
scribers at the rate (i a year. 

"Die Mexico Native Mission Board has raised somewhere in the 
neighborhood of $200 for the purpose of aiding needy churches, and 
the expectation is that next year it will have funds sufficient to be- 
gin effective work. Many congregations have taken an interest in 
the project. The churches have also raised $1,443.98 for their own 

Field Work. — This department has suffered greatly during the 
year from the temporary withdrawal of Dr. Greene from his field on 
account of persistent ill-health which imperatively required a leave 
of absence for six months. For this cause double work was thrown 
upon Messrs. Brown and Thomson, especially the former. It is a 
matter of congratulation, however, that Dr. Greene, after having ap- 
parently recovered his usual vigor, has been enabled to return to 
his field. Mr. Srown, in addition to the work of the treasury and 
the editing of .£/ i^irt?, and more or less instruction given in the 
Theological Seminary, has visited Tizapan, a station near the city, 
where he was permitted to receive two members into communion 
with the church. He has also visited Toluca, San Lorenzo, Ozumba, 
Capulhuac, and Almoloya, where he presided at public examinations 
of the day-schools. He has expressed great satisfaction with the 
work of education at these various places. At Almoloya, the mem- 
orable place in which our faithful missionary laborer, Don Nicanor, 
was murdered by a mob, a few years since, Mr, Brown was received 
with particular cordiality. The town brass band, composed mainly 
of Roman Catholics, enlivened the course of the examination with 
music ; and the president and members of the town council honored 
the occasion with their presence and their hearty approval. In 
Capulhuac, the public school building was placed at the service of 
the mission for its examinations, and was very tastefully decorated, 
the president of the council presiding. The people in Tepecoculco, 
at their earnest solicitation, have had a school established among them. 
At Chilpancingo, Mr. Andres Perez has collected a very successful 
school. But a few years since this useful man came as a poor igno- 
rant boy to the Seminary at Tlalpam. At Ozumba, Miss Arcadia 
Avila, a graduate of the Girls' Boarding- School in Mexico City, is 
doing a good educational work. Mr. Brown also visited Jalapaand 
Vera Cruz, where he preached to good audiences. 

Our Native Preachers. — It was a fortunate circumstance that at the 
establishnaent of our mission in Mexico, several interesting young 

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men of more than the average degree of educadan were hopefully 
convened and were soon ready to devote themselves to the service of 
the mission. For a number of years some of these men have ren- 
dered feithful and efScient service. A few of their number are ex- 
ceptionally effective preachers. Foremost among these is Rev. Ar- 
cadio Morales, pastor di Divino Salvador Church in Mexico City. A 
sketch recently given by Mr. Morales of his own conversion and the 
way in which God has led him since that blessed experience, may well 
be given here^ as showing the drift and character of the whole Prot- 
estant history m Mexico in the last eighteen years. It also conveys a 
clear idea of the way in which Christian work is carried on by the 
ministers and members of our Mexican churches, the straitened ac- 
commodations, the obstacles, the difficulties and the zeal with which 
they are overthrown. It has been translated from the Spanish by Rev. 
Hubert Brown and will repay perusal by all who would gain familiarity 
with our work in Mexico. We insert Mr. Morales' sketdi entire. His 
title is, "The power of the word of God": 

" In the year 1S63 I began to learn the trade of a gold-thread spin- 
ner with Mr. Francisco Aguilar. This gentleman had, amongst other 
books, a Bible without notes, although it contained the Apocryphal 
books, and was probably printed at the beginning of our century. 
When my daily task was done I would, from time to time, examine 
that old book of which I had heard so many beautiful things said by 
my mother, when I was a child. However, that precious reading of 
the book did not enable me to comprehend as yet the difiTerence be- 
tween the teachings of Christ and my Catholicism, to which I was in- 
veterately attached. Two years more passed, when I was told that an 
Enghsh gentleman was selling Bibles both beautiful and cheap. The 
next Sunday I went and bought of him my New Testament. How 
precious it seemed to me ! And I can say that the tirst passage I 
read in it made an impression which I have never forgotten. I 
kept on reading with frequency, until at last I understood what idol- 
atry was, but even then I was not converted to Christ. At last, at 
the beginning of February, r869, I attended for the first time a Prot- 
estant service ; I trembled as I drew near to the house of prayer. When 
I heard the singing I felt as though I was not treading on solid 
ground. At last I found myself in the church, heard the reading of 
the New Testament, and for the first time understood that for quite 
a while I had been a Protestant. From that moment I was a Chris- 
tian, and eight days after my first attendance at an evangelical serv- 
ice I began to preach, and up to the present hour, I am thankful to 
say that sickness is the only thing whidi has deprived me of this spir- 
itual joy, 

" I have had the undeserved honor of being a pastor in the Presby- 
terian church since its first service, and as a consequence know of the 
difficulties it has experienced at times, and of the blesdngs it has 
enjoyed at others. 

" A short time after the events above named, I had the pleasure of 
leading to a knowledge of Christ Mr. Aguilar, owner of the first Bible 
I had ever read. This gentleman is at present a presiding elder of 
the Southern Methodist church. 

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"It would be tedious to relate all my experiences during these 
twenty-two years of service in the cause of the Master, and I shall 
content myself with merely saying that, in all this time, I hare seen 
that God in His infinite providence has been preparing the laws, the 
circumstances, and the men who are to execute His purpose in the 
salvation of the Mexicans, through the Gospel of Christ our Lord. 

" It always seems to me that the I^rd Jesus was speaking of Mexi- 
co when He related the parable of the grain of mustard, for I have 
seen the Protestant Church grow in the same marvellous way ; since 
there are to-day, in the City of Mexico, eighteen preaching places 
where thousands of people hear every year the Word of God. Of 
these congregations, eight are Presbyterian, The first has been named 
■The Divine Saviour' (Divino Salvador), the second is situated on 
' ground which formerly belonged to the Convent of St. Peter and St. 
Paul, and the other six hold their services in small rooms which we 
have secured in different wards of the city. 

" Rev. Abraham Franco preaches in St. Peter and St. Paul's, while 
I and four members of my church, who receive no pay tor their serv- 
ices, preach the Gospel every night to one or another of the seven 
remaining congregations. One of ray four helpers is a shoemaker ; 
another is a potter, who began to help me soon after his conversion ; 
the third is a teacher in one of our primary schools, and the fourth is 
a wood-carver who was formerly notorious as a sinner. 

" In the largest of these preaching places we cannot place more 
than seventy chairs, but often after all the seats are taken a large 
number remain standing. We have one congregation in a very thickly 
populated ward, but our room is so small that it will hold only thirty 
people. However, we are praying the Lord of the harvest to give us 
money to buy a suitable house in every ward of the city, and we be- 
lieve that He will grant our request. Of these eight congregations we 
support three by our own humble efforts, and the mission sustains the 
other five. 

" In order to attend to all the work which the Blessed Master has 
placed in my htimble hands, I divide my time as follows : The first 
hours of the day I devote to study ; then I visit some one of our five 
day-schools, taking with nie the roll of illustrated Sunday-school Les- 
son Charts. When I reach the school we sing a few hymns, offer 
prayer, recite the catechism, and study the Sunday-school lesson with 
its corresponding illustration. About an hour is consumed in this ex- 
ercise. I then visit among the families which live near the school ; 
from twelve to two I receive those who wish to call upon me at my 
house. The rest of the afternoon is spent in visiting, and at night I 
preach in one of our congregations. In addition to the five schools 
of the mission there is another, a private one, in which I am allowed 
to hold the same exercises. 

" It is worthy of mention that the majority of the children in our 
schools are Catholics. We therefore endeavor to teach them those 
texts and hymns which contain the essential truths of the Gospel, 
hoping that they may prove the means of their salvation, such as the 
text, ' For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten 
Son,' and the hymn, ' Just as I am, without one plea.' 



" The work of distributing tracts, papers, and Sibles has been or- 
ganized in three prisons and thiee hospitals. In one of the J£uls the 
prisoners Rave $^3-25 last year. This work is divided up amons a 
number of people. At present there are twenty-three, including 
men, women, and children, who help me in the Sunday-schools, in the 
street and hospital work, or in the direction of the societies of the 
children and grown-up people. We have at present one Woman's 
Society, three Children's Societies, and two temperance organizations, 
all of which hold regular meetings. 

" Of late we have undertaken to propagate the Gospel among the 
soldiers, of whom, in the city alone, there are upwards of six or seven 
thousand. During the tive months in which we have carried on this 
branch of the work, we have had evidence that the blessed seed has 
bqfon to bear fruit, wanned by the rays of the Sun of Righteousness. 
Already some of the soldiers have expressed a wish to purchase the 
Kble, and the other day one of them banded me the hrst cent he had 
ever given to the Lord. Let us be thankful for even so small a 

" We have a great work to do, for in the capital alone there are 
about 300,000 persons, the greater part of whom live and die under 
the corrupting influences of a paganized Catholicism. We are grateful 
tor the help given uf by our generous brethren of the United States, 
as well as for the personal aid and sympathy of their good mission- 
aries. We feel the influence of their love and their prayers, and are 
glad to assure them that there are many of our own people who have 
consecrated their whole life to the service of our Lord Jesus Christ 
Above all, God is with us, and He will insure the victory of His Word." 

TAe Tfuolopcal Seminary at Tiaipam. —While some of the men at 
first enlisted in the work have proved themselves all that could be 
desired, others have fallen away, and as has already been hinted in 
this report, a more thoroughly trained ministry is now being secured 
through the systematic instruction given in our Theological Seminary 
at Tlalpam. We add the following from the report recently received 
fix>m the senior professor, Rev. H. C. Thomson : 

"The first missionaries of our church arrived in Mexico October i, 
1873. The next year efforts were made to train men for the ministry, 
and every missionary of our church that has come to the country has 
contributed more or less to this work. 

"Our two missions in Mexico were united in 1885, and a consoli- 
dated Seminary was established in San Luis Potosi, and placed under 
the care of Rev. Hubert W. Brown and the writer. Early in 1887 the 
Seminary was again removed to Tlalpam, where it has continued to 
the present time. 

" During the past year, besides the two missionaries mentioned, the 
following persons have been engaged in leaching in the Seminary : 
Seizor Don K^ix Ramos, a Cuban by birth, who teaches the primary 
and academic branches; Miss Maria H. Pratt, instructress in English, 
and her father. Rev. H. £. Pratt, D.D., whom I mention last in order 
to express more fully our obligations to him. For three years he has 
given his valuable and abundant services to our Seminary gratuitously. 

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By his removal to New York in order to finish his new Spanish trans- 
lations of the Bible, our Seminaiy is a great loser. His help was prin- 
cipally given in preaching and teaching the classes in Old Testament 

" We have had 37 students enrolled the last year, with an average 
attendance of 35. Several of our students are spending this year in 
practical labors as a test of character and efficiency. The most of 
these we hope to see with us again next year. 

" In the absence of proper academic and college training, we have 
adopted a provisional course of three years of study preparatory to 
the theological course. But at the end of the preparatory course, and 
before entering upon theological training, it is proposed that the young 
men, with a view to proving their abilities and fidelity, spend one year 
in practical labors, cither in teaching school, or in other work under 
the direction of the several missionanes. 

" It must be evident to all how much we need the proposed Union 
Christian College to do the preparing and sifting work for us." 

The Board seconds most heartily the words of appreciation and of 
thanks ¥rith which Mr. Thomson's report refers to the valuable assist- 
ance rendered by Rev. Dr. Pratt and Miss Maria H. Pratt. 

The work in the Seminaiy course is greatly hampered by the 
necessity of preparing and reading lectures to the classes. These 
lectures the students must write out as they are dictated to them — a 
very slow process ; and it is almost needless to add that they are often 
very imperfectly written. It takes twice as long for them to write the 
lecture as it does to recite it ; so that now the instnictora have to 
spend three hours with them for every one that they would need to 
spend if they had printed text-books. The need of an extended 
theological literature in Spanish is thus forcibly presented. 

The local report adds that the students were diligent in their studies 
during the past session, and that there was a healthy moral and 
spiritual tone in the Institution throughout the year. The report asks 
for "the prayers and hearty support of all our churches, Sabbath- 
schools, and mission bands." 

Other Schools. — A brief report given by Mr. Brown says : " The 
Girls' Boarding-School was never in a more flourishing condition. 
Such is the demand for the privileges which it confers that about 
twenty applicants have been refused during the year after all vacandes 
were filled." The efficient superintendence of Miss Annetta M. 
Bartlett, aided by Miss £Ila De Baun, has placed the school upon a 
high and solid basis. These ladies have carried to their work in 
. Mexico all the best methods which they had secured by a thorough 
Normal School education in the United States. 

In addition to the Theological Seminary, with 37 students, and the 
Girl^ Boarding- School, with 58 pupils, si of whom are day scholars, 
the day-school system of our Southern Mexican Mission is an import- 
ant feature. Teachers for these schools, now twenty-five in number, 
are trained in the collegiate department of the Theological Seminary, 
or in the Girls' Board ing-School in Mexico City. The a^regate at- 
tendance on the twenty-five schools scattered through the various 

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StadoDS has been during the year 730 ; the total number of pupils of 
all grades is 805. 

The Sitnday- School Work. — Closely connected with this work of 
education is that of the Sunday-schools, which, if possible, is even 
more important. These schools are 39 in number, and have a total 
attendance of 943. Hr. Brown has prepared a paper upon the Sun- 
day-school work, which is so concise and carefully written that it is 
embodied here in the £oard's report, as giving a clear conception of 
the whole Sunday-school work in Mexico, the peculiar circumstances 
which call for its highest and promptest development, the difficulties 
which it encounters, and the methods by which it may most success- 
liilly be accomplished. The friends of the world-wide Sunday-school 
workj and of die Mexican field especially, may well pray for rich 
blessings upon this great cause : 

"The Church of Rome, as far as its power extends, prevents the 
reading and study of the Bible by the great majority of the Mexican 
people, and replaces it with a mass of errors and traditions which have 
much to say about penance and the confessional, about good works 
and the purchase of merit, about saints and the Virgin Maiy. Christ 
is in the background, it is true, but only in the background. The 
prohibidon of Bible study by the priesthood, and the ignorance of 
Scriptural truth on the part of the people, have led ua all to reccwnize 
the important place that belongs to Che Sabbath-school in our mission 

"We are, therefore, striving toward the same ideal of Sunday-school 
work so largely reahzed in Protestant England and America. We 
have, however, only just started, and under such different conditions 
that we cannot always follow in the beaten track. Our success is but 
another proof of its divine vitality and adaptability in every genuine 
Gospel movement The Sabbath- school is proving its fitness under 
die most diverse conditions ; it is capable of uplifting the young of 
an nations. 

" The first difficulty to be overcome in the organization of a Sunday- 
school in almost any part of Mexico has reference to the securing of 
competent teachers. There are numbers who are willing to teach, but 
who ftemselves lack sufficient knowledge of Bible truth, and they do 
not know how to express the little they do know in an attractive form. 

" In our own Theological Seminary we have adopted a plan which 
will at least &t our ministers to become competent instructors and 
organizers of Sabbath -schools in their future fields of labor. The 
opening hour of each school day is devoted to the systematic study of 
die International Lesson for the next Sabbath. All collateral pas- 
sages are read, and the students are led to discuss freely every question 
connected with the lesson. By the time the six years' course of study 
in the Seminary is completed they will have intimate acquaintance 
with nearly the whole Bible. When Sunday comes the young men are 
sent out into the towns and villages near Tlalpam, and are (Erected to 
teach the lesson to others, using Che same method of question and 
answer. We regard this one cX our most important exercises, and 
ttiQs iar it has borne good fruit. It also serves to impress upon our 

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future ministry that the Sabbath-school is an essential branch irf all 
Gospel work. 

" When at the outset our preachers cannot find competent teachers 
in their churches, they are taught to turn the whole congregation into 
one big Sunday-school class, and teach it themselves. The mission 
prints and distributes freely the necessary lesson-leaves; and in lonely 
mountain ranches, in little villages in the valleys of Mexico, I have 
seen more than one pastor with his congregation gathered about him, 
few able to read, the best only with difficulty, but all attentive and 
interested in the study of the same passage of God's Word with which 
millions of scholars are occupied that same week in all parts of the 

" In the larger communities all the missions have regularly organ- 
ized schools, in some of which the large illustrated charts are used, 
which are so familiar at home. We find them of great service, 
since they appeal to the imagination, present the central fact of the 
lesson in tangible form, and generally fix it securely in the memory 
of old and young." 

The friends of our Mexican Mission will rejoice to know that in 
the day-schools also the Bible and the Shorter Catechism are 
thoroughly taught. Mr. Brown, in referring to the day-schools of 
which Mr. Morales has spoken above, says : " Many of these day 
pupils are from Roman Catholic homes, and this is almost their only 
Bible lesson ; but they learn it, and remember it too. It is not, 
however, their only lesson, for we teach our Child's and Shorter 
Catechisms, proof texts and all. They learn easily, and thus gain a 
treasure of Scripture texts which may yet prove the salvation of 
their souls. This latter exercise is repeated in all our day-schools 
throughout the Republic, and God alone can estimate what will be 
the blessed fruit of such instruction." As a specimen of the fruits 
of Bible study he says: "Among the pleasantest memories of my 
work in Mexico is that of a visit I once made into a part of the 
country where a missionary had never been before. I found every- 
where groups of Bible Christians. They had no preacher or teacher, 
but week after week they gathered to study the Bible for themselves. 
The Bible is indeed still the power of God ; it can go unattended 
into the darkest places of the earth, and radiate light till men awake 
to see and accept Christ as the Saviour. In Mexico, at least, the 
Bible has organized its own Sun day -schools, and thus set the seal 
of inspired approval to this department of mission efibrt. 

"I hope this brief narrative will give some idea of the kind of 
Sabbath -school work we are doing in Mexico. First, the open 
Bible in everybody's hand, then lesson helps, and a special column 
in our mission papers; the proper training of our theological stu- 
dents, the organization of schools wherever possible, and then, by 
no means the least of the attractions, our hymn-books- 

" The educated laugh at the strange poetry of our Gospel hymns ; 
they are undoubtedly an innovation in Spanish literature, but then, 
how the people sing them and remember them ! It is worth the 
violation of technical poetical rules to have thousands sing 'Jesus, 

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Lover of my Soul,' ' Nearer, my God, to Thee,' ' There is a Happy 
Land,' 'What a Friend I have in Jesus,' and like glorious songs 
that lift the singers iato a realm of purer delight than they ever 
knew before. Our converts love to sing the songs of the re- 

Statistics of Southern Mexico, 

Uuried female niissioiuries.. . 
Unmaiiied female m' 

Native U 

NatiTc teachers and be^n 

Chuiches (organized, 55 ; j»eachlag places, 11 

Added during jear 

Stodenti for the mlniatiy 

Cirf* in boardine-idiod (induding ai day pu{dU4 . . 

Day-adHMili (35^ altendanoa 

Total niunbci c* puptb. . . 

ContribotioDi. $1,443.83 

The Zacatecas Field. 

The Zacatecas Mission station has been reinforced during the 
year by Rev- Wm. Wallace, son of the veteran missionary who has 
10 long labored at that station. He has taken hold of the work 
vitb enthusiasm, as well as the acquisition of the language. His 
impressions of the field have been such as to arouse great interest. 

Five new preaching stations have been added to the twelve re- 
ported a year ago. The number of churches in what is known as 
the Zacatecas field, including Laguna, and the district of Mesquital, 
which is under the faithful care of Rev. D. J. Stewart, is 19. If 
we add to these other places which occasionally receive the preach- 
ing of the Word, the entire number of outstaiion or preaching 
places rises to 58. The districts are, iirst, the central or Zacatecas 
district, including the capital of the Slate, and some of the oldest 
congregations, such as Cos, Fresnillo, and Jerez ; second, the north- 
em or Laguna district, where the work is very encouraging. The 
missionary report says of it : " In the character of the members, 
the attendance on public worship, the movement toward self-sup- 
port, and the activity of their Christian life, the Laguna is quite in 
advance of the other districts." The third is the Mesquital dis- 
trict Mr. Stewart of that field reports that he has had during the 
year four students preparing for ministerial work, to whom he has 
given instruction when not visiting outstations. He has also main- 
tained a small day-school at his own expense, to which he gives as 
much supervision as his time will allow. He has given much time 
also to visiting outstations. The little outstation church in Sanla 
Gaia, which is under his care, has been diligently engaged in rais- 
mg funds for a chapel, and a neighboring church at San Miguel has 
to some extent assisted them, besides contributing %f> for general 
funds. Altogether $17 has been contributed. Mr. Stewart has for 

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many yeais been engaged in various lines of work with great fidelity, 
and amid great discouragements. 

Dr. G. W. Prevost, though advanced in years, still continues his 
efficient co-operation with our missionaries at Zacatecas ; also the 
members of his family. Dr. Prevost must be regarded as the 
founder of the Zacatecas Mission. For many years he has in vari- 
ous ways contributed to its efficiency and success. 

Besides the three missionaries, Rev. Messrs- T, F. and Wm. Wal- 
lace and D. J. Stewart, three native ordained ministers and eleven 
licentiates are engaged in the work of these various districts. At 
the last meeting of the Presbytery of Zacatecas two young men be- 
longing to the field, and having been instructed for a time by Rev. 
Mr. Stewart, were received as candidates for the ministry and sent 
to the Theological Seminary at Tlalpam. 

The district of Tlaltcnango has recently been opened, but is for 
the present without superintendence- There have been no deaths 
among the native laborers of the Zacatecas field, but one has with- 
drawn from mission service. 

The Messrs, Wallace have made several visits to country stations, 
always with gratifying results. Of the spiritual condition of the 
churches the local report says : " In some parts it is good ; in others 
fair ; in still others quite lamentable. Especially in the southern part 
of the field do we need the quickening of God's Spirit and the rais- 
ing up of men of character and enthusiasm, who shall push forward 
the work." " During the Week of Prayer," the report continues, 
"there was spiritual awakening in some parts, and we may say that 
when the brethren separated from the annual meeting of Presby- 
tery, they did so with mingled feelings of humiliation, of thankful- 
ness and of new resolve." 

During the year a small church building was erected at Gomes 
Palacio in the Laguna district. The churches at Reyes as well as 
at Santa Clara, in Mr. Stewart's district of Mesquital, have made ef- 
forts in the same direction. Sabbath- schools are maintained in 
most of the little congregations, and often they embrace the old 
and the young. During a visit made by Rev. T. F. Wallace and 
son to the church at Cos, fifty miles north of Zacatecas, several 
meetings were held in private houses for the purpose of instructing 
active members in the proper study and use of Sunday-school lesson- 
leaves. This line of instruction is rendered necessary by the lack 
of laborers. The development of self-help, both in labor and in con- 
tribution, is regarded as an important element to be urged upon the 
churches more and more. "Quite an advance has been made," 
says the local report, " in the direction of self-support. In the 
Laguna district a Home Missionary Association has been formed 
among the churche; for mutual aid in general work. One church 
contributed over fifty dollars for the cause, and in a number of the 
congregations offerings were made for the relief of brethren who 
suffered from the riot last year in El Carro, as well as for the com- 
pletion of the new church at Gomez Palacio. At the annual meet- 
ing of the Presbytery there was much discussion on the subject. 

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The ministers and elders present set an example by making the 
first offeringi after which quite a large subscription on the weekly 
basis was taken up among the members of the local church." 

The church school at San Pedro has been under the charge of a 
Mexican girl who studied for three years at Albert Lea, Minn. She 
reports an enrollment of fifty pupils. The school is prosperous and 
eminently Christian. A small private school has been maintained 
by the native pastor of Matamoras. Mr. Stewart's school at Mes- 
quital numbers 14 pupils. A prosperous school is also conducted 
in Zacatecas, by the Misses Herrera, daughters of one of the dea- 
cons of the church. 

San Luis Pofosi. 

During the early part of the year Mr. and Mrs. Beall were absent 
from the field on account of the ill-health of a child. The force of 
laborers has been somewhat diminished by the withdrawal of two 
young men who had been temporarily engaged, but have since re- 
turned to the Theological Seminary at Tlalpam to complete their 
labor. The work has gone on about as usual in San Luis Potosi. 
Nine members have been added to the church and the congregation 
fills the small quarters in which they meet. During the year the 
Board has purchasedon advantageous terms a desirable property up- 
on which it is to be hoped a church building with accommodations 
for various lines of work will be erected. School work in the San 
Luis Potosi field has been more than usually prosperous. The 
little school of thirty pupils under the faithful native helper, Panfilo 
Prieto, has been earned on. The native force consists of one licen- 
tiate and three native teachers. There are 7 churches with an ag- 
gi^ate of 200 communicants. The number added during the year 
was 54- Contributions amounted to $301. 

The Saltilh Field. 

The work of this field embraces eleven congregations in which 
regular services are held, and has a total membership of 600 adults. 
The net gain in communicants for the year is 30, or at the rate of 
19 per cent., on previous membership. " The outlook for the year 
i8gi," says Mr. Boyce, " is better than for three years past. In some 
of our congregations a marked work of grace has been manifest." 
In Parras ten additions to the church are reported, with as many 
more ready to be received, while twenty more are preparing to join 
the church. In the city of Saltillo there is a noticeable increase in 
attendance ; fifteen persons are hoping soon to be received into the 
church. In Monterey and Durazno the congregations are taking 
steps to build churches. In Monterey, (300 has already been 
raised, and %\oo more will be added. In Durazno a smaller 
amount is already given as a beginning of the work. 

The notable event in the Saltillo field is the reopening of the 
Girls' High-School, under the direction of Misses Wheeler and 
Elliott. This school property has been put in a thorough state 

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of repair, and is estimated at $i3,ooo. It has been secured 
almost entirely from the avails of the school property sold at 
Monterey, and is therefore an inheritance from the work first 
established by the late Miss Melinda Rankin, the pioneer of Prot- 
estant missions in Mexico. The examinations in the school in No- 
vember last, are spoken of as very satisfactory. The number of 
boarders during the year has been 24. Seven day pupils have also 
attended. The girls' day-schools have been maintained in Estan- 
cia, Mesquital, AUende, and Patos, with an average attendance of 
140 pupils. The expense of these schools has been about £17 per 

It ought to be stated that the increase of the churches is not as 
rapid as it would be, but for the fact constantly lamented by out 
missionaries, that the proselyting by other missionaries laboring in 
the same fields, produces a constant draft upon the membership of 
the churches. In spite of all efforts made to establish principles of 
comity among missionary boards and societies, there are prosclylers 
who persist in trenching upon the work of other missions. Our worlr 
in Northern Mexico has for years suffered from this cause. 

Statisties of Northern MexUo. 

Ordained mhslonariei 5 

MBiried fenuk 

Ordained natiTO . . 

Nui*e teachen and bc^ien 19 

Chuicba,... 3; 

Communicants i,«3 

Added dutine the r«ar m 

Students for ministiT 13 

Girb in l>oanilng4chooL 31 

B07S and EJrli in dajr-schools ^ 

Toul nninber of pu^ls ^x> 

Pupils In Sobtulb-sOKXits ii'.io 

Contiibutioos $1,688.11 

Statistics of Mexican Mission. 

Otdaineil mimlonariea. 8 

Female missionai; (eacben. 4 

Ordained nativci, 17 

Natlvete.. . . „ 

QmnJiei 91 

Commnnionts 5.33J 

Added durine the year » 

Glili In boaidinfc^chooli (>) 89 

Bofs and girts in daj^cbocdi (38) i.oSa 

Total number of puptb 1,178 

Students for ministrr 33 

Pu^ tn Sabbadi-sdiaols 3,073 

Ctmtrlbutioni $3,131.94 

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Eatteri ParaU Mlsaion. 

Teheeah (caidtal of PeniB, populatioo aao,o(») : woHi begun in 1873; laborers — 
Re*. Uosn. J. l. Potur, 5. Lawrence Want, and Lewis F. F.ssekl^n, and their wives ; 
W. W. TorreDce, U.D., and bis wife; His Anna Scheock, Hiss Cora Bmlelt, Miss A. 
G. Dale, and lUrj J. Smith, U.D. ; Paster KttiieH ; a licentiates, 5 male helpen. 

HuUDftN (900 mileB louthweM of Teheran, populAtioD 40,000) : occupied 18S0; labor- 
en— Rer. Hessra. Jsmes W. Hawtes and W. G. Watson, and Iheir wives ; E. W. Ala- 
aada, H.D., and bis wife; Uiss Annie UonteoTneT?, Miss Charlotte Uontgoraei?, and 
His Addine Hontar ; Jitv. Patter Shitttoti ; a licentiates, 10 male and 6 female natitc 

In tkit comUrj : 8«». and Hi«. Jamei W. Hawkes, Urs. W. W, Tonence. 

Signs of progress in Persia are multiplying. The slumber of ages 
is being disturbed and Oriental conservatism is slowly yielding to 
Western enterprise. The contact of the Shah with European civil- 
ization during his successive visits, together with the increase of for- 
eign infiuence in the capital, is leading to the development of material 
resources- An imperi^d bank has recently been established ; a wi^on 
road for commerce has been constnicted in the south ; a short railroad 
has been built, and street cars have been introduced in Teheran, to 
say nothing of other projects having in view the developing of the 
mineral wealth and the furthering of the industrial interests of the 
country. These business projects increase the number of foreign resi- 
dents, which tends to break down the old-time exclusive ness. It is 
^cult, however, to forecast the general bearing of these movements 
upon the missionary work. Our missionaries are of opinion that tbey 
will result in opening still wider the doors of access to the Moslem 
popalation. and lead to greater religious toleration, if not freedom. 

It is believed that great and radical changes are at hand, and that 
Persia must make rapid progress in the not distant fiiture. The 
Church of Christ is therefore called upon to anticipate these changes, 
and be ready to keep pace with the providence of God in evangel- 
izing this ancient empire. 

TTie changes in the missionary force at this station during the year 
were the transfer of Miss Greene to the Western Persia Mission, and 
of Miss Dale to her former position in Teheran, and the departure of 
Mrs. Torrence and children for the United States on leave of absence. 

Teheran Station. 
The most notable event in the histoiy of this mission during the 
past year was the viwt of the Shah to the schools in Teheran. The 
Iratty the official court paper, referring to the desire of the Shah to 
establish schools of learning, says : " Of these newly established 
schools and colleges, the cdlege of the Americans, resident in the 
dty of the sovereignty, is one which by the permission of the daily 

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increasing State, they opened some years since ; and most of the 
children in this college are Armenians and Jews, subjects of the ex- 
alted State, who, haring come &om Azerbaijan, Hamadan, and from 
the city of the sovereignty itself, are studying here, 

"The slaves of the august, most sacred Imperial Majesty {i. e-, 
His Majesty attended by his high officers) one of the last ten days 0( 
the month of Rabiy, the first, simply for manifesting his favor, and 
stimulating the minds of the eminent persons of the New World, hav- 
ing granted the honor of a visit to their college, bestowed upon them 
the condition of an inspection — officers and pupils, teachers and 
taught — and impressed atl of them with the unlimited favor of the 
State of powerful gloiy." Mr. Potter adds : '' The honor is great and 
quite unprecedented. It is said that His Majesty has never visited the 
house of a foreigner at Teheran heretofore, not even one of the lega- 
tions. Our Persian friends regard the account given as very satis- 
factory, and quite an advantage to us." 

The mission reports with a heavy heart the continued lack of spir- 
itual life in the church in Teheran, Two local questions have greatly 
agitated the church, and not only tended to distract attention &om 
the things of God, but to introduce disturbing elements among the 
members. The intemperate use of wine on the part of some of the 
members, and even the officers of the church, ted to the adoption of 
somewhat strenuous measures which did not meet the approval of the 
church. In view of the condition of things, the brethren at the station 
observed a day of special prayer for the church This was followed 
by the introduction of measures which it is hoped will restore harmony. 
The other difficulty referred to arose from a difference of opinion be- 
tween the members of the mission, and the church as to the rights of 
the latter in the Protestant cemetery outside the city. The latest 
word, however, is that a compromise, proposed by the mission, has 
been accepted, so that this difficulty may also be regarded as removed 
and the way opened for more earnest spiritual life and service. In 
view of these facts it is not to be wondered at that the church has 
made but little progress. Mr. Potter reports but two additions to its 
membership, although several others appeared before the session, and 
will probably be accepted in the near future. The entire number of 
members enrolled is go. Preaching has been sustained in the chapel 
on the mission premises, and regular services in the Armenian lan- 
guage have been held in the West Side chapel by our Armenian 
preacher, who reports a marked increase in the congregation. In 
connection vrith this Armenian work, two prayer-meetings are held 
weekly in the West Side chapel, one of them for women, conducted 
by the ladies of the station. The native church is contemplating the 
erection of a new church building which they hope to secure largely 
through funds raised by themselves, and given by friends in Persia. 

The English service was continued during the summer months, the 
attendance being larger than in former years, and the aggregate offer- 
ings tii9 U. 5, gold. 

The SMatk-school on the mission premises had a roll of 169, and 
an average attendance of 131. Fourteen teachers, comprising the 

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missioDaries at the station, elders and deacons of the church, and 
sotnt, of the older girls in the school ^ave instruction. Jews, Parsees, 
Chaldeans, and Armenians, with a fair sprinkling of Moslems, are in- 
cluded in the roll, and instruction is given in Persian, Armenian, and 
English. A notable feature of the school is the monthly tnissionary 
exercise in which (he order of topics for Monthly Concert, suggested 
in The Church at Home and Abroad, is followed. The gifts for the 
year were about $46 U. S. gold, appropriated to mission work in for- 
' eign fields in connection with our Board. 

Evangelistic Work. — Mr, Esselstyn, who has charge of this work, 
writes discouragingly of the church at Rescht, which seems to have 
but little more than a name to live. Several of its more prominent 
members have removed from the city, and others have not been found 
to take their place. Its great distance from Teheran makes it impos- 
sible to give it that close supervision which seems necessary in Ori- 
ental countries. Its situation on the Caspiail Sea, and the fact that it 
is an important port of entry for northern Persia, seem to render it de- 
sirable to maintain our ground there if possible. It is earnestly hoped 
that something may soon be done to strengthen the things which re- 
main, and infuse new life into the enterprise. 

At Kasvin quite a different state of things is found. The native 
minister, Mirza Ohannes, tabors with great enthusiasm, and for the 
past year has done little for the American Bible Society, devoting al- 
most the entire time to the work connected with our mission. The 
great lack there is a permanent home for the preacher and his work. 
Mr. Esselstyn writes : " Armenians are constantly begging us to open 
a primary school, and a small number have even asked for a church 
organization. It being the meeting points of several important roads 
leading to different parts of Persia, if possible Kasvin should in the 
future be a well-established outstation. Many Moslems arc secretly 
well-disposed towards us." A large amount of village work has been 
done during the past year, forty-seven villages having been visited, 
and hundreds of people having heard the Gospel. The report adds : 
" The opportunity for this work seems unlimited. Obstacles on the 
part of the people are few. For the most part they listen wiQingly, 
and in many cases apparently with understanding." 

Educational.— la Iran Bethel, the Girls' Boarding-School, two 
changes have taken place in the missionary force as already noted. 
Miss Dale having taken Miss Greene's place. Seventy-seven pupils 
were enrolled during the year, a slight falling off as compared with 
last year. The cause of the decrease in numbers, however, is one 
of the hopefiil signs of advancement, as it grew out of certain con- 
ditions of admission which the ladies of the school are now in 
position to insist upon. The material progress of the country else- 
where referred to, affects veiy seriously the wages of native teach- 
ers. One who had rendered excellent - service m the Girls' School 
for a number of years has been employed at the newly oraanized 
bank at a much higher salary than the school could am>rd to 
pay. Close attention continues to be given to training die pupils 
to indusUial habits. Miss Bartlett, who penned the report, writes : 

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"We often wonder at the amount of woric our faithfbl girls ac- 
complish. The washing of nearly five hundred {Heces each week, 
cooking, and cleaning the house day by day, taking little ones to the 
bath, sorting the clothes and mending them — all this, and much more 
without complaining, or any interference with lessons." In addition to 
this the usual industrial training during the summer vacation was given, 
and a large amount of work accomplished. Several prizes were be- 
stowed at the closing examinations, four of which were provided by 
Mr. Pratt, the U. S. Minister. Concerning the religious condition of 
the school the report says : " Our school has only one aim, that <d 
bringing souls to Christ. The school was divided into seven daily 
£ible-classes ; a little noon prayer-meeting for a quarter of an 
hour was kept up with interest; a weekly prayer-meeting occupied 
part of Wednesday evening, and was in the hands of the girls them- 
selves, guided by one of the teachers. At the Sabbath aftemooD 
service a more formal talk was given by the ladies in turn. In addi- 
tion to this, classes for religious instruction were held once a week so 
as to meet the special needs of the pupils." 

The £oyi School, which has completed its third year of successful 
work, may be fairly regarded as having passed the stage of experiment 
Mr. Ward has continued as superintendent of the school, assisted by a 
number of native teachers, Mr. and Mrs. Potter. Miss Hunter, who 
spent a few months in Teheran, and Dr. Mary Smith. Mrs. Ward has 
also done what she could, consistent with her family cares, to supply 
the place of matron. The total enrollment for the year was 105, of 
iriiom 48 were boarders. They comprised Armenians, Jews, Fire 
Worshippers Moslems, Americans, and English. Of the boarders 39 
paid part of their expenses. As a step toward self-support the fees 
have been doubled for ihe coming year, the school having sufficiently 
established its reputation to warrant this advance. Of the religious 
instmction given in the school, Mr. Ward writes : " Aside from the 
morning prayers, and daily instmction to each pupil in the Bible, there 
are evening prayers conducted by the boys. On Sunday at sundown 
a special children's service is held in which the boys take part with 
great freedom, without exception, and an address is delivered. Verses 
are committed and repeated, and the interest in the service is very 
marked. During the past winter and spring a prayer service after the 
morning service of Sunday was sustained chiefiy by the professing 
Christians of the school." None of the boys made a public profession 
of religion last year, but four have asked [o be admitted to dte sealing 

Midieal Work. — Dr. Torrence reports an unusual amount of sick- 
ness during the year, both among ihe foreign residents in the city, and 
the native population. The world-wide influenza, with numerous com- 
plications, ran quite a course, and was followed by intermittent fever 
of a severe type. Very few of the foreign residents in Teheran escaped 
an attack of this tatter disease. Two of our own mission, Mrs. 
Esselstyn, and a little son of Mr. Ward, were veiy seriously ill, but, in 
the good providence of God, recovered. The almost entire absence 
of sanitation and disregard of hygiene greatly aggravated the disease 

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amon^ the native population. Dr. Torrence makes gratefiil mention 
of assistance from Drs. Odling and Basil in consultations, both medical 
and surgical. Mary Smith, M.D., vho joined the mission last year, 
has acted as physician both for the girls' school and the boys' school, 
besides rendering other services to both natives and foreigners, and 
prosecuting her study of the language. Dr. Smith has in contempla- 
tion next year the opening of a dispensary for women, where she ex- 
pects to be in attendance twice a week. Dr. Torrence reports 3,997 
prescriptions given, and Dr. Smith saw 117 patients, outside the two 
boarding-schools. The total receipts from the dispensary and outside 
sources were 1685. It is proper to add that this report is for nine 
months only, the previous report rendered having covered three months 
of the year, 

Hamadan Station. 

Hamadan, the ancient capital of the Persian empire, lies on the 
northeastern slope of Mt. Elvard, some six thousand feet above sea 
level. It is reached by caravan in ten days from Teheran, and in 
twelve days from Rescht on the Caspian Sea. Of its 40,000 inhab- 
itants about 200 are Armenians, and 3,000 Jews, the rest being Turks 
and Persians who have accepted Islam. 

Our work is conducted in two sections of the city, known as the 
Armenian and Jewish quarters respectively. There is but one church 
organization, however, into which the followers of Christ without dis- 
tinction of name are gathered. During the past year 24, including 
five Jews and one Moslem, publicly confessed Christ. This com- 
paratively large ingathering indicates not only that substantial progress 
has been made, but progress in two directions which are full of hope. 
It sliows that the children of Abraham are gradually yielding to the 
power of the Gospel, and that even the followers of the False Prophet 
are slowly responding to its touch. This hope is confirmed by the in- 
creasing willingness of Jewish and Moslem parents to place their children 
in our schools, and of young men of both creeds to enroll themselves in 
Bible-classes. The church seems to have gained not only in member- 
ship, but in spiritual life, and is making some progress toward self- 
support. No pains have been spared by the missionaries to give the 
work the advantage of well-chosen modem methods. In addition to 
the usual public services on the Sabbath, there are meetings for young 
men, a Bible-class for teachers, weekly prayer-meetings, and mission- 
ary organizations. The Sabbath-school connected with the church 
reports a roll of 148, divided into twelve classes. The services in the 
Jewish quarter coosist of a Saturday evening prayer- meeting conducted 
by Mr. Watson, assisted by members of the Boys' High-School and 
medical students, with an attendance of about 25; a Sabbath-school 
under the su peri n tendency of Dr. and Mrs. Alexander with a roll of 
50, and a class for girls on Sabbath morning conducted by Mrs. Alex- 
ander, the parents being unwilling that their girls should attend the 
regular Sabbath-school with the men and boys. The womtfl s prayer- 
meeting held on Friday afternoon in the Faith Hubbard School, and 
attended by Moslem and Armenian women, has been continued and is 

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regarded as one of the most encoiiniging features of the work for 
women. Preaching has been continued at Shevcrine, a suburb of 
Haniadan, where, after morning service in the Armenian church in this 
city, the native pastor goes, accompanied by Miss Annie Montgomery. 
Immediately after the preaching service a Sabbath -school is held ; also 
a prayer-niecling on Thursdays, which is largely attended by Moslem 
and Armenian women. 

Educational. — There are four schools in connection with this station, 
having a total enrollment of 360. The B<ys' High-School, under the 
general superintendence of Mr. Watson during the absence of Mr. and 
Mrs. Hawkes in the United States, reports an attendance of 85 pupils, 
19 Armenians, 6 Mohammedans, and the rest Jews. At the closing 
examination of this school a large number of visitors were present, in- 
cluding the Lieut. Governor of Hamadan, who, at the conclusion of 
the exercises, stepped forward and offered his congratulation on the 
work done. These exercises were conducted in five languages, En^ish, 
Armenian, Persian, Arabic, and Hebrew, and were of such a character 
as to impress u))on ail the idea that the school had a higher purpose 
than siiuply to give instruction in the ordinary branches of education. 
Among those welcomed to the fellowship erf" the church during the 
year were two who are at present scholars in the school, and two 
others who had formerly been connected with it. Concerning the 
weekly prayer-meeting held in the school-room Mrs. Watson writes: 
"There has been considerable interest manifested in these meetings, 
the scholars always being ready with a prayer or passage of Scripture 
bearing on the subject of the meeting, which had been announced the 
week before. As a rule every minute is quickly taken up. Jews, 
Mussulmans, or Koords drop into these meetings and then come 

The Faith Hubbard School for girls, which during the preceding 
year was compelled to suspend for a time on account of cholera, opened 
the last school year also under a cloud because of prevailing sickness 
which resulted in the death of one pupil, a bright Christian girl, who 
gave evidence of " a good hope through grace." In almost every case 
disease bad been contracted before the pupils entered the school. 
There were in attendance it33,ofwhom 16 were boarders. Referring to 
the closing exercises, which were public. Miss Hunter writes : "The 
building was crowded with visitors of almost all grades of society, from 
prince to pauper. Armenians, Mohammedans, and Jews were crowded 
together, all intent on seeing and hearing, the Moslenis seemingly for- 
getting in the excitement of the moment that they might be defiled by 
coming in contact with some Christian, or, still worse, a Jew. They 
heard many truths from God's Word, which we hope may be blessed 
to the salvation of some souls." The influence of this school as a 
spiritual power may be gathered from the fact that at a recent com- 
munion twenty-seven girls, who were then, or had been, scholars in the 
school, sat down at the fiord's table. The significance of this fact 
can scarcely be overestimated when it is remembered that one of the 
dying needs in Persia is the Christian home. A missionary spirit is 
Cidttvatcd by means of the mission band, which holds monthly meetings 

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and for the past six months of the year contributed $12.16 to the 
Board of Fore^D Missions. There is also a band of King's Dai^ters 
connected with this school, who labor for the extension of Christ's 
kingdom in Persia, The Btni Prayer-meeting, comprising the small 
boys attending the Faith Hubbard School, and a number of the larger 
boys vho attend the High-i>choo1, has been continued with growing 
interest, the number in attendance being increased from 30 to 46. 
They recently sent an offering of 13.50 to the Board for mission work 
in Africa. During the year a kindergarten department was opened 
under Miss Hunter. 

The School in the Jewish quarter, under the superin tendency of 
Mrs, Alexander, reports a roll of 59, with the highest average attendance 
31. In addition to the rut^ments of education, the girls hare been 
instructed in sewing, making and repairing garments for the boarders 
in the Hieh-School. In this way an effort has been made to train 
them for future usefulness. One of the serious difficulties ill the way 
of successful dealing with these children is the universal custom of theii 
betrothal at six or eight years of age, and of entering upon the respon- 
sibilities of married life two or three years later. Mrs. Alexander 
writes : " It is often the case that a little girl of ten is married to a 
man old enough to be her father. I have seen the husband gray with 
age, seemingly old enough to be the grandfather of his wife." Three of 
the girls in this school fell victims to diphtheria during the year, the 
disease baring prevailed in the Jewish quarter to an alarming extent. 
It is gratifying to learn from the mother of one of these girls that dur- 
ing her illness the Bible was her constant companion. 

In this connection it may be noted that our missionaries in Hama- 
dan have been not a little exercised over the entrance of a Swedish 
missionary into the city, who has secured the services of a former em- 
ploy^ of our mission, and proposes to begin work in the Jewish com- 
munity. This is greatly to be regretted, as the Jewish community is 
not large, and the work of our mission is well established, while there 
are large numbers of Jews in Senneh and elsewhere for whom no pro- 
vision has yet been made to give them the Gospel. 

The School at Sheverine numbered 36 scholars. The results of the 
year, as seen in the closing examination, were gratifying to the mis- 
sionaries, indicating thorough work on the part of the teachers, Mirza 
Osadooi and his wife. Very marked improvement was manifest in 
the appearance both of the women and children in the line of clean- 

Evangelistic Work. — The absence of Mr. and Mrs. Hawkes threw 
such a Durden of station work upon Mr. Watson and Dr. Alexander 
that no extended evangelistic tours were possible. Miss Annie Mont- 
gomery, however, accompanied by three native laborers, including the 
pastor of the church in Hamadan, made a tour among the villages 
between Hamadan and Sultanabad. She visited two cities, and nine 
Moslem and seven Armenian villages, holding meetings for the women 
in all the latter and in most of the former. Miss Montgomery writes; 
" While many of the women came out of curiosity, I cannot but feel 
ti)!it some 9X least received the seed of the kingdom into good soil. 

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In none of these villages was there any school, except at Azna, 
where we found a. teaser with three sdiolars. All the women re- 
gretted that their children should grow up in ignorance, and some of 
the priests were very anxious that we should establish schools among 
their people. Several priests opened the churches for my meetings 
with the women, and promised to send their girls to our schools." At 
Azna a petition, signed by the priest of the village and six house- 
holders, was presented Co Miss Montgomery, asking that one of the young 
n>en in course of training in the High-School in Hamadan be assigned 
to them as teacher when he had completed his studies. At Marran the 
priest's mother offered to guarantee Miss Montgomery a room and 
six girls, of whom she herself had control, if a school could be begun. 
Everywhere the door seemed wide open, and the demand for teachers 
trained in our schools far beyond the supply. 

Two of Dr. Alexander's medical students spent three months 
among the same villages, dispensing medicine, selling and distributing 
books, and speaking a word for Christ. 

MedUal. — In reviewing the medical work of the year, Dr. Alex- 
ander notes with satisfaction and gratitude several signs of progress. 
In the early years of the mission the loss of a patient, even though 
the case were hopeless from the beginning, was interpreted as evi- 
dencing lack of skill, and, invariably resulted in loss of confidence in 
the physician and all that he represented. That he was able, even 
in fatal cases, to relieve suffering and prolong life went for nothing. 
Now, however, there is a willingness to accept what can be done to 
alleviate pain and contribute to the comfort of the patient, even where 
death is inevitable. Among the cases last year was that of a young 
man twenty-&ve years of age, a descendant of the Prophe^ who 
seemed to be fatally ill, but who gradually recovered his health. This 
arrested attention, and brought a goodly number of his co-religionists 
to the dispensary, many of them attending morning prayers. Another 
case recorded illustrates the wisdom of sowing beside all waters, and 
not yielding to discouragement because fruit does not immediately 
appear. Dr. Alexander writes : " Mohammed, twenty-two years of 
age, was from I.ilion, a village five or six days to the south of Ham- 
■dao. When he came to our place he was suffering from rheumatism 
and malaria. He could scarcely walk, and bein^ unable to eat the 
coarse food of the shops, was in a pitiful condition. We fixed up a 
dean, new bed for him, first having sent him to the bath. I was very 
much afraid he would die, as he had a bad general appearance, but 
he now looks like another man. When I .sent Mirza Yacob to read 
the Bible to him we were surprised to find that we were touching on 
Dr. Bruce's work of Isphahan, for Mohammed had met Dr. Bracks 
men and learned much from them." 

The dispensary is open every day to the public, except Sunday, 
from 7 A.M. until night. About six thousand patients were treated 
last year, the largest number of whom came from the surrounding vil- 
lages. All heard something of the Gospel from the lips of the physi- 
cian or bis asdstants. In addition to the work in the city dispensary, 
Dr. Alexander has opened a branch dispensary at Sheverine, where 

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he is in attendance on Thursday afternoons, Miss Montgomery, at the 
saine time, holding a prayer-meeting for the women. 

The most encouraging feature of the medical department during 
the year is the provision being made for a modest hospital. For years 
past this has been an imperative necessity, not only to give the physi- 
cian a better opportunity to care for serious cases, but also for the 
realizing of the best spiritual results. The former residence of the 
physician in charge has been connected with the dispenwy, and an 
additional ward added, so that it is thought there will be accommoda- 
tion for thirty patients. Dr. Alexander has six students of medidne 
under instruction, one of them a converted Moslem, who has the ad- 
vantage, of being thoroughly at home in the Koran. Of him Mr. 
Hawkes writes: "His love for Christ is always warm, his light is 
always bright, and his life true and beautiful, while his burning words 
are an unanswerable argument for the excellence of the Gospel." 

An earnest plea contmues to be made for the permanent occupation 
of at least two of the outstations — Senneh and Kirmanshah, distant 
from Hamadan about a hundred miles eacli in diSerent directions. 
The occupation by native helpers has been tried, but failed, and ii 
not lilceiy to be undertaken again until the mis»on is in position to 
assign a foreign missionary to the work. 

Statistics for Eastern Persia. 

Hedkal misdcnuuicE (one ladjr). 3 

Single ladj missionanes 6 

Uanied laidy mlsaioDariea ,... 7 

Ordained natives 9 

Licentiatea 4 

Native teachers, male IS 

" " female ii 

Churches 3 

Communkaals i^ 

Added during (be year. 36 

Boys in baard1n{--*clHi(d 55 

Girls " ■■ 118 

Boys iD day-scbool 138 

Total number of pupils. 453 

Number of schcrals. 9 

Student for ministry j 

PupUs in Sabbath-scbools. 359 

Coiitributlons : $3JS 

Western Persia Hlsafon. 

OROOUIaH : 600 miles north of west from Teheran, the capital ; station begun under 
the American Board. 183; ; tiansfeired to this Boatd in 1871 ; laborera— Rev. J. H. 
Shedd, D.D., Rev. B. Labaree, D,D., J. P. Cochran, M.D., Rev. F, G. Zoas., Rev. E. 
W. St. Piene, and tbdr wives ; Hr. R. M. Labaree, Mrs. D. P. Cocbraa ; Miisei N. J. 
Dean, U. K. Van Quzee, Anna Helton, and U. W. Greene; 33 ontalned and 31 licen- 
tiate native pastors, gj native hetpera, and 3 Plble-women. 

MeuHtaiH Slatien ; opened in iSSg ; laboren~Rev. and Ura. E. W. HcDowell 
nrut J, G. Wishard, M.D.^ 4 ordained and 4 licentiate native pastors, and 16 native 

Tabriz : nearly joo miles north of west from Tehenm ; station besim, 1873 ; labor- 
en— Rer. Uessts. J. H. Oldfattier, S. G. Wilson, and Tomer G. Drashear, and tbeir 
wives ; Wm. Vannetuan, M.D., and Mrs. Vanneman, HLss Hatv Jearett, Mrs. L. C. 
Van Hocdi, Miss G. Y. Hi^liday and Miss H. E. BradTotd, M.D.i i oidained native 
n^nister, 18 native helpers, and i Bible-woman. 

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Salhas : Haft Daoan y^tiaefi ; Matloa beeim In 1S84 ; laborere— Rev. J. N. Wrielit, 
Rer. and If n. J. C. Mfchlin, Uin C. O. Von Duiee ; i ordBined and 6 licmtiate native 
minfaten, 7 nuhe helpeis, and i Bible-woman. 

In Ikii teuHtrj ! Re*, and Hn. J. U. Otdfather, Mis. B. Labaiee. 

We present a more than usually full report of the West Persia Mis- 
sion, for the reason that we are favored with station reports of more 
than ordinary completeness and interest, and also because this mission 
is one of the lai^est under the care of the Board, while within it is 
developed well-nigh every fomi of missionary labor. 


Evangelistic W^ork- — The field for this work in connection with the 
Oroomiah station includes the eastern part of (he Kurdish Mountains, 
embracing six principal districts, together with the Plains of Oroomiah, 
Sooldooz, Tergawar, and Baradosh. The force eng^ed in evangeliz- 
ing this field has been one missionary. Rev. F. G. Coan, thirty-one 
native pasiors, and thirty licentiates. It is the feeling of the mission 
that to this department of Christian labor— the actual evangelization 
of the people — all other fomis of mission effort are tributary. The 
supreme aim of all is to publish throughout the towns and villages of 
Western Persia the Gospel of Christ, and to give trained pastors to 
the churches that shall be organized. 

In addition to his labors during the past year in the eastern Moun- 
tains and the Oroomiah Plain, Mr. Coan has given four months to the 
western Mountains of Kurdistan with their Syriac villages, and to the 
villages beyond the Mountains on the Plain of the Tigris, extending 
to Mosul. His reports of these labors give a vivid idea of the toil 
and exposure incident to this part of the missionary work, and also of 
the great destitution of that difficult region. In summing up his labors 
there, in which he was associated with Dr. Wishard, M.D., Mr. Coan 
writes : " I need only say that it was a privilege to spend the sum- 
mer in a field so full of interest and presenting so many opportunities 
to preach the Word of Life. I was greatly impressed with the won. 
derful facilities a physician enjoys for Gospel work. His profession 
opens to him a door everywhere. From Kurdish and Arab Sheikh 
and Turkish official to the poorest peasant, all hold him as a friend 
and benefactor. He has opportunities rarely given others of making 
known God's saving health to all the people. An illustration of the 
way in which a physician opens the door for the Gospel was afforded 
us in Darwoodia in Supna. Two years prior to this visit Rev. 
McE)owell and I, after fifteen hours' ride in the saddle, arrived at this 
place late at night and were refiised lodgings. With much difficulty, 
and through the payment of lar^e sums for all we needed, we were 
finally allowed to remain over night. At this visit all was changed. 
The whole village, including the Turkish officials and (he Catholic 
priest, were most cordial during our ten days' stay, and urged us to 
build and settle there. The priest every night took one of us up to 
bis own bouse, where he Kithered an audience for us and asked us to 
preach. This change had all come about through the medical work 
which Dr. Wishard had done there the previous year. Every day 

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large delegations would come from the castle of some powerful Sheikh 
or from some village begging us to visit them. This whole region is 
one of prevailing darkness, but in the midst of it what a joy and light 
the Dihi church is 1 Its influence is being felt in all directions. One 
man said to me : ' There was no worse village in our valley, and it 
was especially noted for profanity. When your religion came, the priests 
all told us the place was accursed and that we must by no means 
have anything to do with you ; but when we go there now we hear 
no swearing and wc see no fighting, and find the people are the best 
to deal with we have.' As I rode down to the place through the vine- 
clad hills I heard singing in the villages, and listening, caught the 
words of familiar old hymns. Asking my companion who the singers 
were, he said : ' Young men who have nothing to do with us, but our 
hymns are so sweet and popular that they are all using them now in 
place of their old obscene songs.' Our brethren here are still subject 
to much persecution, but as one of their number said, 'Our troubles 
make us live nearer to Jesus. In times of peace do you think that 
we would lean upon Him as we do now ? ' " 

Concerning this western mountain range we shall write again, in 
speaking of Mr. McDowell's labors. Mr. Coan, after four months' 
touring in this rugged district and on the Tigris plain, was compelled 
by the intense heat and cholera and fears of quarantine, to return to 
his own special district in the eastern part of the mountains. There 
are found at present laboring in this section, seven licentiates and 
two pastors. There are four organized churches. The whole year in 
this part of the field has been marked by the greatest trials, princi- 
pally because of the distracted state of the country, lawlessness, 
oppression, and violence have reigned supreme. The Turkish Govern- 
ment has failed utterly to protect its down-trodden Nestorian subjects, 
and Kurdish outlaws have preyed upon them at will, robbing them of 
nearly all their possessions. In one large village the only way the 
people escaped with anything was by deserting the village every night 
with all their movable property, and hiding somewhere in the vicinity 
until morning, when they dared return. One of our pastors being 
driven from place to place was at length obliged to leave this scene 
of confusion and peril. Slill another has left that field, but one 
valuable evangelist, a graduate of the last class at Oroomiah College, 
has courageously volunteered to labor there. Although offered an m- 
viting place in the College itself, with a life of perfect safety, and a 
higher salary, he deliberately chose to go and labor among his own 
people in the lawless mountains. One great hindrance to the estab- 
lishment of native pastors in this wild region has been the lack of 
suitable dwellings, so that those who went could not take their families. 
Often but one room could be had, and the pastor's wife and family 
were obliged to remain in some more settled home. This is always 
found to be a great loss, since the women are deprived of the aid and 
instruction of the pastor's wife, while he himself is not only subject 
to interruptions through his returns to his family, but has also the 
double burden of maintaining two homes. The hearts of our mis- 
lionaries bleed for this afflicted portion of their field, where ignorance 

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and poverty &nd ra[Hne fill the homes of the people with distress, 
bat where under a settled governinent the Gospel might have free 

Turning from the mountains to the plains, Mr Coan writes; "We 
r^ard with gratitude the work of grace in some of our largest churches 
during the last winter and spring. One hundred and thirty-three have 
been added to the churches during the year, while as many as four 
hundred have risen for prayer in our meetings and have seemed more 
or less anxious for their souls. Great care is necessary in adding 
members to the church, and many at £ist are received as probarioners, 
becoming communicants only after one or two years. 

The discipline of the church is steadily increasing, and the require- 
ments insisted upon in respect to total abstinence from the use of in- 
toxicating hquors have caused not a few to be stricken from the rolls 
of the churches. It is quite well understood, also, that there are very 
many who would probably unite with the church if it were not for the 
insistence of the Synod on a measure of liberality on the part of all 
diurch members which shall be proportioned to their means. The 
poverty of many of the people, it is true, is extreme, but others are 
more prospered ; and the lesson is strictly inculcated that all, whether 
rich or poor, shaU, unless it be absolutely impossible, give something 
fix- the support M the Gospel and its institutions. At a recent Syn- 
odical meeting still other measures were taken which, while tending to 
lessen somewhat the number of additions to the churches, have con- 
tributed greatly to maintain a high standard of Christian living. A 
committee was appointed by the native Evangelistic Board, which for 
the past two years has been making a careful visitation of all the 
churches, instituting thorough inquiry mto the standing of each indi- 
vidual member. The church rolls for 1890 have been made up only 
on the testimony of this committee after such careful scrutiny. Mr. 
Coan writes: "The church as a whole, though apparently not grow- 
ing in numbers as rapidly as in some other years, was never in as good 
a condition as now ; there is better organization, more conscientious- 
ness in giving, a higher degree of intelligence, and finer moral percep- 
tions. The meeting of the Synod, which was held this year on the 
6th of November in Geog Tapa, was an occasion of special interest. 
It was made evident there that a spirit of independence was slowly 
growing, notwithstanding the comparative pover^ of the people. The 
question having come up of decreasing the number of schools on ac- 
count of the lack of funds, a band of young men came forward and 
themselves offered to support five of the schools which it had been 
proposed to abandon." The mis^on writes with great joyfulness of the 
dedication of the new church in Geog Tapa. On that occasion over 
one thousand persons, the largest congregation ever gathered in a 
chnrdi in the Oroomiah field, sat on mats, listening attentively to the 
services, especially to two addresses giving the history of the church 
and of the different pastors who have gone forth from it. The char- 
acter and work of the former missionaries were also spoken of in terms 
of the highest eulogium and gratitude. One of the speakers declared : 
"Ameiica must have given us her choicest sons and daughters," Mr. 

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Coan writes : "This church may welt be proud of its record — of the 
twenty-five ministers of the Gospel whom it has raised up and sent 
forth. All but two of these have remained true to the faith ; one was 
the pioneer who broke ground in what is to-day the station of Ham- 
adau in the East Persian field ; another is also stationed in East Persia 
as a pastor at Rcscht on the Caspian Sea ; several have labored as 
courageous and faithful evangelists in the mountains, and four are now 
pastors in Oroomiah, one of them pastor of the church itself. The 
membership of this church is three hundred and seventeen." Immedi- 
ately after the Synodical meeting three committees were sent forth to 
continue the thorough visitation of all the churches which we have 
alluded to before. 

Another very interesting feature in the evangelistic work of the past 
year has been the great development of zeal and Christian labor on 
the part of what is known as the Young Men's Band. This originated 
about two years ago, being accompanied at first by sharp criticisms 
upon the part of the young men of what seemed to them the luke- 
warnmess of the church ; but while inclined perhaps to be a little 
censorious at first, they continued in prayer, pledging themselves to 
a strict obedience and a consecration of their influence and their 
means for the revival of religion. One of their own number was 
chosen as an independent evangelist, and his salary of $90 pledged 
by the Band. At first there was, as we have intimated, something of 
a spirit of antagonism between the church and the young men, but 
the two have acted upon one another for good. These youth have 
grown in knowledge and grace, have continued to press their views of 
Christian consecration fearlessly, and several of them leaving their 
homes and families and preaching the Gospel from hamlet to hamlet 
have been greatly blessed in their work. There has been less and 
less of criticism, and more of Christian earnestness and love. Many 
pastors have been quickened in their zeal, and inviting the young men 
to their hflp have held special services for weeks, which have resulted 
in winning souls. The fact that young men without education could 
preach so effectively, and would leave lucrative employments and give 
up the greater part of their time to preaching Christ, attracted much 
attention, the more so in this land, where the people are so slow to 
believe one disinterested in Christian labor. The church and the 
Band are now working harmoniously together; crude speculations and 
hasty criticisms have been abandoned, and all the laborers are «-orking 
in unison. Some such development of a fervid evangelistic spint 
among the Nestorians themselves is what our missionaries have long 
prayed for. They do not forget that the forefathers of this people 
were eminent as missionaries, carrying the Gospel even to distant 
China, and they are not without hope that this movement which we 
have described may be the beginning of new efforts on the part of the 
Nestorians themselves for the evangel! ration, not only of their own 
nationality, but of Kurds and Moslems as well. 

Church BuMifig.— One of the inevitable results of the growing 
work in West Persia is a demand for new church buildings. The peo- 
ple themselves always bear one-third of the cost of these structures, 

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and the mis^on has promised that if it were found possible they would 
meet their conlribulion of one-third with the remaining two-thirds of 
the cost. They have, however, of late been unable to fulfil this ex- 
pectation, which has been extremely discouraging to the churches. 
The cost of these structures is of course comparatively small. There 
has been but one erected this past year, although the people were 
ready with their share of the money for three others. The one act- 
ually built is the second best churdi building in the field, but its cost 
did not exceed $600. In 1889 not even one additional church was 
erected, owing to the retrenchment in mission funds which the Board 
was compelled to lay upon the mission. In 1888 four small churches 
were built, of which the mission writes: "These have been great 
blessings. In all of them the congregations have greatly increased, 
and two have been the scenes of interesting revivals." During this 
past year two churches have been taken from the mission by the Gov- 
emineat, and Aere are now eight congregations very badly cramped 
for want of room. Only the most insufficient and unsuitable quarters 
ran be rented for church purposes, and even for such the rents are 
higher every year. Mr. Coan writes: "We must have a thousand 
dollars a. year for three years in order to catch up with the growing 
necessities of the field. We earnestly hope the Board will not be 
compelled to cut down this modest sum, for we do not see how we 
can get on without it. To this three thousand, if it can be given us, 
the native Christians will add $1,500, and it is really impossible for 
our brethren at home to appreciate the blessing and substantial ben- 
efit to the work that will be given if this $4,500 worth of new church 
buildings can be supplied." 

We might say, while writing of the matter of expenditures, that the 
West Persia Mission is certainly a most economical mission, and no 
portion of it more severely economical than the Oroomiah station. 
Many of their licentiates and native pastors, who are doing faithful 
service, have been receiving not more than $63 for their annua) salary. 
This sum has been lately raised to $72, and a few salaries of $81 have 
been raised to $90. This is the highest salary now paid to any pastor 
in that field. The native churches themselves, during the past year, 
raised $1,543 for this department of their expenses, besides giving 
several hundred dollars for what might be termed their Home Mis- 
sion work. 

tt'omatfs Work. — Miss M. K, Van Duzee has continued her evan- 
gelistic work among the women in Oromniah during the year. She has 
been able to reach not only Nestorians, but also Moslems and Jews, 
conducting among them an industrial class, Sunday Bible class, and a 
regular meeting on Friday for the Christians of their number. She has 
not been disturbed, even in her school and her other work for the Mos- 
lem women. The failing health of the ladies in t'iske Seminary has com- 
pelled Miss Van Duzee to give some portion of her time to their relief, 
and for this reason she found herself unable to do so much as in some 
former years for the Jews. But something has been accomplished by per- 
sonal calls among them, and she has found a welcome and a friendliness 
among them such as she has never luet before. Mrs. Shedd, since 

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her return, has also fpven roost valuable help in this department of 
work for women. Miss Greene, who has recently come to Oroooiiah 
from Teheran, is preparing herself, by the study of the language, for 
assistance in these evangelistic efforts. 

With regard to the condition of the church, I>r. Sbedd also writes : 
"We have a native church chat ought to be a foundation of immense 
influence in evanj^lizing Western Asia. We see signs of a higher de- 
votion in spirituality among many earnest young men. There ought 
to be searchings of heart and methods, lest our missionary example 
and use of funds shall make the impression of dependence on material 
means, and not on God. The Week of Prayer has taught us that it 
is not by might nor by power, but by God's Spirit, that His cause ad- 
vances. Humble men moved of the Spirit are endued with direct 
power to labor for the church and for souls, and blessed results have 
followed. We have seen special blessing to many believers uid a 
genuine revival at Seir. There has been no such awakening there itx 
many years. It reminds the older people of the days of Dr. Perkins 
and Mr. Stoddard, and other such limes of refreslung. There is a 
general preparation for spiritual work that is full of promise." 

Oroomiah College, — The pupils in attendance in all departments of 
the college the past year numbered 151 ; of these, 18 have just grad- 
uated. There are still in the college 9 students of theology, 6 of med- 
icine, 59 in the general college course, and 59 in the preparatory 
departments. Not only the students in theology, but those in medi- 
cine, are Christian young men. All the graduates and the members 
of the two upper classes in college, with one exception are church 
members, while many in the lower classes have expressed much relig- 
ious interest during the year. 

Since this college was established it has graduated 338 students. 
Nearly all of them united with the church during their course of study. 
Some who ran well for a time have fallen away, but r45 have been 
engaged direcdy in Gospel work, either in preat^ing or teaching ; and 
of the 1 76 living graduates, just one-half— 88 — are still engaged in such 
labors. Many others are equally decided in their Christian influence 
and work, especially five physicians and a number of artisans. The 
college and the Fiske Seminary have during the past year been united 
under the same general superintendence. Rev. Dr. Shedd being chair- 
man of the united faculty. This now consists of Dr. Shedd, Dr. Coch- 
ran, Mr. St. Pierre, and the Misses Dean, Van Duzee, and Melton. 
Mr. Robert Labaree has also given much aid during the past year, and 
there have been employed in various departments of instruction eight 
native teachers, some of them, however, having charge of but a single 

PislU Seminary. — The total number of pupils in the Female Semi- 
nary during the past year has been 1G4, of whom 87 have been t>oard- 
ers. From this seminary there have been graduated 134 girls; <rf 
these, 90 are still living. It is the general testimony that these grad- 
uates, and others who have taken a part of the course in the school, 
are, with hardly an exception, consistent Christians. Many of them 
are vety earnest and influential workers in their homes and villages. 

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uid are pillars in the church. In some places, were it not for these 
good women and others whom thej have instructed there would be 
DO church. The sentiment is strong that our efforts for the education 
of girls should not be relaxed, but largely increased. The presence 
of trained Christian women is the greatest blessing which can be given 
to the homes of this people and to the land. 

The missionary work of these two institutions — the College and the 
Seminary — is represented on the western slopes of the Kurdish n 

has nearly as many more. The work in Persia outside the field of this 
station would show an equal number. One is an apostle in Russia, 
one a missionary in Japan, one a light in a very dark place among the 
Armenians of Turkey, one a widow of a distinguished officer and editor 
in Tiflis. 

At present great anxiety is felt with reference to the staff of teachers 
in the Female Seminary. Miss Morgan has been unable to return to 
Persia; Miss Dean and Miss Melton are both in precarious health, 
and we scarcely know how they have been able to attend to the large 
institution under their care during the past year. It is imperatively 
necessary that new teachers should be sent to them at the earliest pos- 
sible day. 

The mission are expressing the greatest r^ret at the necessity which 
removes from Persia the coining year Rev. Dr. Labaree. It seems, 
indeed, an almost irreparable loss. He has had charge of the Mission 
Press ; has rendered invaluable service in the revision of the Syriac 
Scriptures ; has edited 7& Rays of Light, which has been growing 
constantly in popularity and power ; has labored indefattgably for the 
City Church, Oroomiah ; while great numbers of people have received 
his instructions in his study, and his personal influence has been felt 
far and near. The younger missionaries, in writing of his approaching 
departure, all show that they feci his loss as the loss of a spiritual 
&ther. It is hoped that Dr. Labaree, on his return to this country, 
will carry the revised Syriac Bible through the press. His son, Mr. 
Robert Labaree, who returns with him in order to enter upon his theo- 
logical studies in America, has also contributed most use^l help to the 
mission. His absence will throw heavy burdens on those who remain. 

Intermediate and yUiage &:fu>ob. — These schools during the past 
winter numbered 84 ; seven were exclusively for girls. The regular 
scholars in attendance have aggregated r,663, a gain of 249 over the 
previous year. In addition to these there have been 8o others who 
have attended for a partial course, making a total gain of 329. Nearly 
all these schools are conducted in the Syriac language ; but five are 
for Armenians, and under the care of Armenian teadiers. From these, 
thirteen boys were sent this fall to the higher school, under Mr. Wil- 
son's care, in Tabriz. The mission is forced to ask for an increase in 
the appropriations for the salaries of the teachers throughout these 
schools. Such an advance is just and necessary. It has been made, 
in fact, during the past year, but in order to accompUsh it fourteen 
schoob were abandoned. The three grades of male teachers now re- 

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cdve from $3 to $4.50 per month — certainty a very low salary even 
in Persiia. 

Mountain Station. 

A degree of interest hardly surpassed in the case of any other sta^ 
tion under our Board attends this portion of (he West Fer«a field. 
West of the plains lying around Oroomiati rise the gigantic and rugged 
mountains of Kurdistan. These, not only from their natural features, 
but in the character of their population, form one of the wildest, the 
most inaccessible, and lawless portions of the world. Running an 
imaginary line north and south through this mountain range, we may 
say that the eastern portion constitutes what is termed the mountain 
district of the Oroomiab station, while west of this line the mountain 
labyrinth, and the plain which extends from its base westward to the 
river Tigris, constitutes what has come to be called the Mountain sta- 
tion of the West Persia Mission. This portion of the mountains, like 
the eastern, is filled with villages where the Syriac tongue is spoken, 
and where the Nestorian churches are found. These villages continue 
in a well-nigh imbroken series down the western slope of the moun- 
tains themselves, across the plains, nearly to the gates of Mosul, and 
in the more northerly portion of the field to points on the Tigris even 
beyond Mosul. The Syriac language, spoken throughout the moun- 
tains and all these villages and towns, is the language of our Oroomiah 
station, and it has been for long years a hope and prayer of the West 
Persia Mission that men could be found who would be ready to under- 
take the difficult service of publishing the Gospel in the western moun- 
tains and the Syriac- speaking regions reaching to the Tigris. Brave 
men have attempted it more than once, but again and again have 
been compelled to willidraw. Two young men, however — Rev. E, W. 
McDowell and J. G. Wishard, M.D. — have for nearly three years past 
persevered in this difficult undertaking. That they have been able to 
continue where others have been forced to retire, and that their labors 
have been attended with so much promise, is due, certainly in put, to 
the fact that one of them is a medical missionary, and that from the 
first the great advantages, especially in such a region, of medical mis- 
sions have been secured. It is also to be said that these missionaries 
have certainly shown great courage and consecration in persisting in 
their labors amidst the wildest scenes, and while exposed to 
great privations, to robbery, and the gravest personal peril. Mr. 
McDowell, who was the first of the two to enter on this field, was 
obliged to leave his family behind him in Oroomiah, since there was 
no place in all this mountain field where a missionary's wife could . 
safely dwell. Indeed, many portions of it can be travelled only by 
hardy and vigorous men. Dr. Wishard, a young unmarried physician, 
joined Mr. McDowell in his work during the second year of his labors. 
Together for a long time they encountered the hostiUty of the people 
and all the dangers of life among that untamed and lawless population. 
After extended explorations, it has become evident that there is no 
place in the mountains themselves where a missionary ^imily could 
safely live. Mr. McDowell, therefore, in order that his wife and diil- 

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dreo might rejoin him, has taken up his residence temporarily in ihe 
dty of Mosul, which is itself on the extreme western border of his 
field, but from which the villages both of the plain and the western 
mountains are readily accessible, while in the city itself a limited field 
for Syriac-speaking missionaries is found. Here and in the adjacent 
plains our brethren can be advantageously emiiloyed during the winter 
months, while in the summer they can prosecute their work among the 
mountain heights and valleys. Hope has not yet been abandoned of 
finding some place in Ihe mountains themselves sufficiently safe and 
dvitized to allow of the missionary's family living there, at least during 
the summer months. The work in Mosul itself was never intended to 
constitute a principal feature of this station, and is as yet only in its 
feeble beginnings. A little school for girts has recently been opened, 
and a boys' school also of twelve pupils. These scholars have all been 
brought to Mosul from the mountains, nearly every principal district 
in the mountains having its representative in these schools. It is it- 
self an indication of the confidence which our brethren have won 
among some of these suspicious and hostile mountaineers, that they 
have been willing to intrust their children to the care of the mission- 
aiies at so great a distance from their homes. Very many other par- 
ents wished their children to come, but our missionaries felt obliged 
to limit the number, and some scholars who had come contrary to all 
their warnings, they were actually obliged lo return to their homes. 
The disappointment of the people at this step was only assuaged by a 
partial promise that possibly next year they might be received. 

The labors of our missionary brethren are most efhciently supple- 
mented by that of the native force which they have organized and 
Stationed at various points in this mountain field. There are found 
here already mx organized churches and four native pastors. Besides 
these, there are now at work four licentiates, a graduate of the medical 
sdiool at Oroomiah, with another medical assistant, and besides these, 
three other native helpers. In addition to this list there are also at 
work sixteen native teachers in as many schools. These schools and 
churches are scattered all the way from the mountain gorges of Tkhoma 
on the Oroomiah border, to the city of Mosul. They represent the spo- 
radic labors of our Oroomiah missionaries in former years, but especi- 
ally the continuous and larger work of Ihe men devoted to this field 
during the last thtee years. Considering all the obstacles, the hard- 
ships and perils which they, and the people among whom they have 
been received, have endured, it is a remarkable record. During the 
past year fifty-four have been received into the church, much the 
la^r number 00 probation. Mr. McDowell, in his annual report, 
ipodcs in wann terms of their native pastors and helpers. He says : 
" We have much to encourage us ; many of our native brethren show 
a noble spirit, working faithfully amidst danger and persecution. They 
have not only hazarded their lives, but have shown a higher fortitude 
in enduring the daily trials of life in hard places, when if they had so 
minded they could have left them. Their work is being blessed ; our 
dinrches are growiug ; one of them, the one without a pastor, 
wiU have doubled its membership in one year. Character is being 

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tninsfomted, to which even the Kurds are not blind ; but beneath all 
is the eternal rock of God's Word: 'As I live, saith the Lord, the 
whole earth shall be filled with my glory.' " 

We must not omit what Mr. McDowell adds with reference to the 
native Christian women: "The wives of some of our pastors have 
been doing splendid service, and much of our success in some of the 
churches has been due to them. All these women are former pupils 
of Miss Dean. In places where we have not such helpers the women 
are in dreadful darkness and are hardest of all to reach. Social cus- 
toms reuder it difiicult for a man to work as an evangelist among 

Medical Work. — Dr. Cochran writes ; " There are but two events 
that are new in the annals of this department : one is the graduation of 
another medical class, and the other the completion of the Howard 
Annex. The medical class consisted of three young men, who studied 
nearly four years, both summer and winter." Dr. Cochnin speaks in 
very high terms of the previous graduates of this medical school, and 
states that there has been admitted a new medical class of six students. 
The Howard Annex is an important addition to the hospital at Oroo- 
miah, and takes its name from Mrs. George Howard, of Bufialo, whose 
generous gift of $2,000 enabled the mission to erect the structure. 
Other good friends in Buffalo have added $350 for the purpose of 
furnishing the new wards. It is a square, three-story building, includ- 
ing the basement, faced with red brick. Aside from the rooms in the 
basement which are used as wood or store rooms, there are four rooms 
for patients, besides a suite of rooms for the matron, Mrs. D. P. 
Cochran. This building enables us now to separate the men and 
women, leaving all the old building for the men or boys. The womei^s 
wards have now been occupied more than four months. The hospital 
was opened eight months and a half during 1890. It has been the 
custom to close it about two months every year, but this year larger 
expenses than usual, entailing an exhaustion of the funds, compelled 
Dr. Cochran to close the institution earlier than usual The number 
of patients in the hospital was 236, while those treated in the dispen- 
saries and in the practice of Dr. Cochran and his efficient assistants 
was no doubt ten times as lai^c. 

JS* Million Press. — During the year there have been 1,300 books 
printed, making a total of nearly 489,000 pa^es. 

At the beginning of April Mr. Oldfather and his family left Tabriz 
for America, but the reinforcements asked for at the last Annual Meet- 
ing arrived on the ist of November — Rev. and Mrs. Turner G, 
Brashear, and Dr. and Mrs. Wm, S. Vanneman. Our brethren at 
Tabriz, in common with large numbers of the residents of that cit^, 
deeply lament Dr. Holmes' inability to return at present to Persia. 
Dr. Holmes was established in the confidence and affection of his 
missionary brethren, and in the respect and grateful regard of multi- 
tudes of those in Persia who had been relieved by his professional 
skill, and had felt the influence of his high character. 

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Evangdiilic Work. — ^The regular preaching services have been 
maintained as usual in Turkish, Armenian, and English. The attend* 
ance at the Turkish and Anneuian services has not been large, but the 
two schools themselves form a fail congregation, which averages from 
90 to 110. At present there are 59 members of (he church, of whom 
18 arc absentees, but moat of the latter are engaged in teaching, or 
are the wives of helpers resident in other places. Nine have been 
added to the church on confession of their faith during the year, and 
7 others are now enrolled as probationers. Mr. Wilson, in writing of 
the coi»dition of the native church, moums the "lack of life and earn- 
estness, and the absence of a^iessiveness and power to impress the 
communit]'." He adds : " What we need and long fbr is a gracious 
vi»tation of the Holy Spirit, blessing this dry and barren land. The 
spirit of indifference to religion is so strong, and the prejudices against 
us and evangelical truth are so many, that nothing but Divine power 
can overcome them." 

Miss Jewett has pursued her work throughout the year, engaging 
very largely in house-to-house vigitaiion among the people. She 
has been espedally encouraged by the number of Mussulman houses 
to which she has been invited, and whose inmates have evidently been 
deeply interested in the truth. Everywhere, she says, she is welcome, 
and again and again she is entreated to return. Mussulman women 
are prohibited from coming to the church, but they do come in con- 
siderable numben to her Wednesday afternoon class. None of them 
•s yet dare profess faith in Christ, but among them there are sincere 
inquirers. Miss Jewett gives a most interesting narrative of a tour of 
forty-six days in which she made the entire circuit of Lake Oroomiah, 
riding 440 miles on horseback, and visiting twenty different cities and 
villages. She held fifty meetings, and everywhere found the people 
friendly and anxious for her safety. She was especially impressed with 
the Uthfiilness and exemplary character of the Christian women whom 
d)e found doing all that it was possible for them to do for Christ in 
their burdened and narrowed lives. Among the various communities 
which she visited she speaks of her special interest in the once wild 
Kurds south of Lake Oroomiah, who have now become completely sub. 
dued and peaceable since the war of 1880. Shesays: "I wentuplothe 
very headquarters of the Kurds, visited the chief in his castle, and 
spent one happy night in his hospitable home, sumptuously and even 
affectionately entertained \ty his wife. The Sheikh himself is a man 
of fine appearance, open countenance, and noble bearing, who from 
the study of the Bible and the faithful instruction of Pastor Mosha, 
has accepted Christ, and become a true and earnest Christian. He 
says : ' It was love — the love of God, and of these His children— that 
constrained me to be a Christian.' " Of this faithful pastor, whose 
station is Maragha, Miss Jewett writes that " he was everywhere an 
honored guest, and everywhere holding forth the Word of Life." " It 
would take too long to enter into the details of this delightful tour. 
Some of the opportunities were very precious indeed, as hungry and 
thirsty and sin-laden souls listened, sometimes for the first time, lean- 
ing forward with absorbed attention, to the Word of Ufe. .... How 

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precious the privilege of meeting in prayer and sacred communion 
with little bands of true, devoted Christians, converts from Moham- 
medanism, and from old, dead forms of Christianity, to a living faith 
in Christ. How swiftly the evenings pass away engaged in trading 
and explaining the Word, and answering eager questions, so that three 
hours seem but a few minutes." 

Miss Holliday's duties within the past year have been of a varied 
character. Fait of her time has been given to the care of the primary 
scholars in the little Armenian school, in which she took the place of 
Mrs. Wilson last June. The average total attendance was twenty-six, 
but in the latter part of the year bitter hostility reduced the number 
to eleven. During the winter and s|>ring Miss Holliday was called to 
give music lessons to one of the daughters of the Crown Prince, and 
Miss Holliday herself, and also the Christian woman who went with 
her, had opportunities on this occasion of religious conversation with 
the female attendants of these ladies of the court She also found use- 
ful employment in talking with the women who came for medical treat- 
ment to Dr. Mary Bradford's dispensary. Very many of the Mussulman 
women of the city have shown a warm friendliness for Miss Holliday and 
Dr. Bradford, calling upon these missionary ladies freely, and entertain- 
ing them in turn at their homes with lavish hospitality. Not less than 
seventy women and giris of all classes, both Armenian and Turkish, 
called on New- Year's day to wish these Christian missionaries a happy 
New- Year. This friendliness on the part of such numbers has given 
Miss Holliday almost unlimited opportunity for making and receiving 
visits in Mussulman and Armenian homes. Many of the Mussulman 
ladies are more than willing to learn of Christ, welcoming the oppor- 
tunities which are offered them for prayer and Bible study. Miss 
Holliday has held a class specially for such every Sabbath morning. 

Evangelistic efforts outside of the city of Tabriz have been prose- 
cuted by six different preachers. Of these, one has been stationed at 
Souj Bulak and another at Maragha, while four have been engaged in 
itinerant work. Some account of their labors will be found in T^t^ 
Church at Home and Abroad for September and October of 1890, 
There are portions of this outlying field from which reports of contin- 
ual encouragement and of the widest opportunities for preachiiie the 
Gospel are received. In the city of Tabris attendance on the Chris- 
tian services is still prohibited to Mussulmans. 

The departure of Mr. Oldfather, and the absence for most of the 
year of the principal native preacher in Armenian, has limited the 
amount of evangelistic work done within the city. Wr. Wilson writes 
with respect to the English services that they have been specially en- 
couraging, and that Christian life among the Europeans has seemed in 
a higher and more hopeful condition than in previous years. 

Book Department. — The latest report shows that during the year 
3,196 volumes have been sold — an unusually large number. In addi- 
tion to these, 4,000 Armenian tracts were brought from Constantino- 
ple, and have most of them been distributed among the people. Re- 
ligious books have also been furnished for distribution in Russia. 

The Tabriz Boyi School and Theological Clasi. — The past has 

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been the most successfnl jear in the history of this school. It has 
DDmbered thirty-five boarders and thirty-five day-scholars. Every 
possible effort has been made by the Armenian bishop to induce the 
parents of the pupils to withdraw, them from the school. He has even 
called himself in person upon these parents, cajoling some, threatening 
others, and we are sorry to say that he has been successful in pre- 
venting the attendance of many who otherwise would have come to 
the school. This has been especially the case with the younger 

The second class has been graduated from the High-School, num- 
bering seven. Mr. Wilson writes that they are longing for the day 
when there will be more Christian families from which their students 
can be drawn. It is difficult to overcome in a school the powerfiil 
anti'-Christian influences of their homes. Several of their scholars, 
however, have professed conversion through the year. It has been 
impossible to secure in all cases for the school teachers of the evan- 
gelical faith, but the work of all is most carefully scrutinized. Mrs. 
Wilson is engaged daily in teaching four hours, distributed from kin- 
dergarten to the theological class. 

The theological class consists of four of the recent graduates. Mr. 
Wilson writes: "Th^ are earnest Christians, and most of them of 
superior ability. Their foundation in sciences and languages is well 
laid. Besides Armenian, three of them are quite proficient in English, 
Turkish, and Persian ^ two are familiar with Syriac, two with Arabic, 
two with Russian, and one with the Kurdish language. This diversity 
of tongues makes them well filled to find opportunities among this 
heterogeneous people." 

In writing of the school, Mr. Wilson speaks of the inconvenience 
which they have suffered from their want of proper quarters. He 
writes : " Our poor accommodations have added greatly to our dlffi- 
CDlties. The dining-room is miserably small. Nearly half the boys 
sleep in a rented house a square away, and our recitation-rooms are 
found in three separate buildings, all small and inconvenient. We 
have longed many a time for the new school building, and feel that 
we must have it up for the next year." This new school building has 
been provided for by the great generosity of a friend of missions in 
America, who has contributed $i i,ooo for the purchase of land needed 
fi>r the school, for a hospital, and two missionary residences, and for 
the erection of the school building. The cost of the residences and 
tbe hospital cannot be met at present 

Tie Girl/ ScAooi. — ^The numbers in attendance on this school have 
been largely increased during the year. Thirty pupils have had a 
home in the boarding department. Two Armenian young women 
from Russia, about eighteen years of age, coming from an evangelical 
community near Kars, have entered the school, having it for their 
object to fit themselves for Christian work, Mrs. Van Hook writes 
that their active piety is having great influence in the school, and ^e 
is much encouraged in finding that the school has acquired a name 
which draws pupils from such a distance. In this school the girls do 
all tbe work of die family, and Mrs. Van Hook writes that last summer, 

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while she was absent in the mountains six weeks, one of her girls, who 
five years before had come from Sooldooz utterly ignorant and uncul- 
tivated, was able to take entire charge of the large household left at 
Tabriz, providing for them as economically and wisely as she could 
have done herself, and presenting to her on her return carefully kept 
accounts for each day's expenditures. Another new feature during the 
past year has been a class of twelve of the most advanced pupils, who 
are having weekly lessons in nursing with Dr. Bradford and Mrs. Van- 
neman, and who exhibit great enthusiasm in this new line of study. 
Mrs. Van Hook speaks with great satisfaction of the religious spirit 
shown in the daily life of the school 

Medical Work, — Of this we have received no very formal report. 
Dr. and Mrs. Vanneman arrived in November of last year, and were 
well received, both by the Persian and European physidans. There 
has been a great amount of sickness in Tabriz, diphtheria raging with 
special violence, followed by an almost universal epidemic of measles 
and a still wider prevalence of Dengue fever. The scarlet fever has 
also appeared. It entered the girls' school, but by great care, through 
our Heavenly Father's mercy, the children's lives were spared. On 
the departure of Mr. Oldfather for America, the dispensaiy was re- 
moved to the house vacated by him. Here also Dr. Mary Bradford 
and Miss Holliday have made their home. The mission having, as 
we have stated elsewhere, been able to buy land in sufficient quantity 
for the uses both of the boys' school and for a hospital, is now request- 
ing of the Board an appropriation of $7,000 for the erection of a hos- 
pital. There is not at present a single hospital in the city of Tabriz, 
with more than 150,000 residents. It is certain that the patients can- 
not be rightly treated at their own homes medically, and least of all in 
surgical cases. At the same time, a hospital offers the best opportuni- 
ties for exerting religious influence over the patients who report to the 
missionaries. In general, it may be said that there is at present litUe 
opportunity to reach the people of Tabriz by direct religious teaching, 
but there is ample opportunity through medical missions not only to 
win their confidence and good-will, but to introduce Christian words 
and instruction. 


A heavy affliction fell upon the Saimas station last July in the death 
of Mrs. Wright. She was killed by a blow from a knife in the haitds 
of an enraged servant. Medical help was secured as soon as possible 
from Oroomiah, but a delay of several days intervened, and it is pos- 
sible that this lack of skilled medical help may have occasioned a death 
which timely assistance would have averted. In addition to the shock 
and excitement occasioned by this dreadful occurrence, the station has 
been filled with sorrow at the death of Mrs, Wright, a Persian lady, who 
leaves her husband and little children to mourn her loss, and who, having 
dwelt nearly all her life in the families of the missionaries, was an exem- 
plary Christian woman, exerting an admirable Influence 00 all who knew 
her. Mr. Wright will be compelled to return to this country, bring- 
ing his little uiildren with him ; but we are not without hope that, 

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eidier in America or aAer a. return to Persia, he may continue to use 
his valuable knowledge of the languages of Persia in translating and 
revising the Scriptures. Mr. Mechlin has continued his evangelistic 
work throughout the year, principally at Hef^dewan and Oola, labor- 
ing also in four outstations. His work has been pursued abo in 
thirteen Armeuian villages, and in many Turkish villages as well. He 
writes: "There is no sign as yet of a real turning to the Lord, but wc 
labor on, working in hope." His audiences sometimes number as 
many as ninety, and he receives encouraging tokens of the respect of 
the people. The persistent efforts made by priestly enemies to preju- 
dice all against him do not prevent his receiving open and courteous 
attentions from many of the community. Miss C. O. Van Duzee and 
Mrs. Mechlin have been able to visit among the women to a consider- 
able extent, and have generally been kindly received. Miss Van Du- 
zee's principal work, however, is in connection with the girls' school 
which has been opened there. She is left alone at present with this 
heavy responsibility, and writes pleading for a helper — one who shall 
take the place of Miss Roberts, whose failure of health compelled her 
to return to America. The school during the year has numbered forty- 
seven pupils, twelve of whom are boarders. A graduate of the girl^ 
school in Tabriz is her assistant. The care of all these pupils, both 
of the boarding and day school, in addition to her class and Bible 
readings in the villages four afternoons of every week, is a heavy bur- 
den for one lady to bear, but she feels constrained to add to her school 
duties something of this village work, lest it should cease altogether. 
In connection with this station there are also seven boys' schools, 
nambering 165 scholars. Mr. Mechlin is aided in his work by one 
ordained native and six native licentiates. 

StatistUs of Western Persia Mission. • 

Aea 10 

». 3 

phjiidaii I 




ORaniud cfaiucbea. . , 


Nambet<» c 

Added durin? the T«u- 103 

Number of aaxtKiit. ii8 

Bon in bOMdioK^diocdt.'t 194 

GHiin " " 134 

Boyi in di;-«cboola 1,794 

Tctil D u mber of pPpBl: 3,837 

StDdenta for the mlolBUT. 13 

Popib in Sabbath-KlKxds 4."° 


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Slan Mission. 

Banokok : OQ the Rjvei Mdnam, 95 miles Irom its mouth; occupied as a mistion 
Italion, 1840 to 1844, and from 1847 to the present time; missionary laboreni— Rev. 
Uessis. E. Wacbter, J. A. Eakic, J. B. Dunlap, and F. L. Snyder, and their wives ; T. 
Heyward Hays, M.D., and Mis. Hays; Uiss £daa 5. Cole, and Ulss S. E.Faitceri (me 
Datire Ucenliate preacher ; sii native Cbristian teachers. 

Fetch&buree : on the western side of the Gulf of Siam, eighty-flve miles soutbvcst 
of Bangkok ; occupied aa a miaslOQ station in r86i ; missionary laborers — Rev. Ueasr^ 
E. P. Dunlap and W. G. UcCIur«, and their wives ; Rev. Chas. E. Eckels, and W. R. 
Lee, U.D., and Mrs. Lee \ Miss Uarv L. Cort and Uiss Jennie M, Small ; two Bible- 
women; three licentiates ; sixteen native teachers. OutslaiitHU : Bangkaboon, Paktalay, 
Thariia Banphai, Baa Laam, and other places. 

Ratburee; occupied as a missioD station In 1S89; mbsionar^ Uba(«n— Jama B. 
Thompson, U.D.,and Mrs. Thompson, Rev. A. W. Cocf>er, and Miss Larisaa J. Cooper; 
one llceniiale ; one Bihle-womao ; two native teachers. 

/n Mij cevHlry : Rev. Messrs. E. P. Dunlap and E. Wachter and their wives, and 
Mrs. T. H, Hays. 

The mission in Siam reports a year in which encouragements and 
difficulties have been singularly blended. The field in itself is not a 
bard one ; it is in many respects peculiarly open and the people acces- 
sible, while little is to be apprehended either from official hindrances 
or from popular superstition and hostility. A chief difficulty in the 
prosecution of the mission work in Siani has of course been the un- 
healthful character of the climate. This has resulted in unusually 
frequent changes in the missionary force, and this again has made 
necessary repeatedly the great overloading of individual missionaries, 
and in many cases the committal of important and delicate labors to 
the hands of those comparatively unfamiliar with the people. Another 
consequence has been the small number of missionaries on the ground 
at any one time thoroughly skilled in the language. Yet, upon the 
whole, it is pleasant to record a year of decided progress and success 
in some departments of the mission. 

Evangeliiiic Work. 
Bangkok. — This form of missionary labor, so far as it involves the 
care of churches already established, has been maintained as usual in 
the capital. Early in the year Rev, Mr. Wacbter, having at the time 
charge of the First Church, the Press, and ihe Boys' School in the 
lower part of the city, was compelled to leave for America. The 
services at the church were, however, regularly maintained, principally 
through the timely help of the Rev. John"Carrington, in former years 
connected with the mission under the Foreign Board, but at present 
the Agent of the American Bible Society in Siam. From the ist of 
July the Rev. Mr. Eakin, as will be stated elsewhere, has had charge 
of the church. In some departments of his labors in its behalf, he has 
received efficient help from Rev. J. B. Dunlap and the ladies 
stationed at Sumray. There has been a manifest improvement id the 

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religious life of the church during the year; more intelligence and 
fidelity in the discharge of Christian duties upon the part of the churcli 
meiubers ; a. valuable elder has been ordained, and six piomising con- 
verts added to the church. Congregations numbering about eighty 
have been in attendance at the regular Sabbath services, and almost 
an equal number have been found uniformly at the weekly prayer- 
meeting. Rev. Dr. McFarland has with great kindness given his help 
in maiutaining services in the Second Church at Wang I.ang, having 
preached at that place alternately with the native evangelist. 

Rev. and Mrs. F. L. Snyder arrived in October, and are, of course, 
itow busily engaged in the study of the language, while giving such 
help as new-comers are able to give. They write in the most cheerful 
and hopeful strain with reference to their impressions of the country 
and its people. 

Pelchahuree. — Evangelistic work from Fetchaburee as a centre has 
been less extensive than in the years when the Rev. R P. Dunlap, 
thoroughly familiar as he was with the Siautese tongue, was stationed 
there. Rev. Messrs. McCiure and Eckels have had charge of the 
churches grouped around that point, and have found many problems 
difficult and delicate on their hands, in sifting the native helpers there 
employed, and in striving to secure a higher type of Christian morality 
on the part of those who have professed Christianity, Their difficul- 
ties have been very serious, requiring the utmost wisdom on their part, — 
a blending both of chanty and severity, and often involving them in much 
perplexity and discouragement. There has been a great falling off in 
the attendance of the people at the Christian services, evidence of a 
weakness and ignorance with which it required almost apostolic dis- 
cemnienE and patience to deal. Miss Cort has, in company with Miss 
Small, made several brief lours among the towns and villages of the 
neighborhood, in every place gathering the people and leaching them 
with much pains the truths of Christianity. Not only through these 
tours, but in the city of Fetchaburee itself, and the circuit of her 
schools, she has labored throughout the year in giving the truths of 
the Gospel to the people. 

It is greatly to be regretted that Miss Cort has been obliged at the 
dose of the mission year to leave Siam for America. Her own health 
has been exceptionally firm during all the years of her residence on 
the field, while almost all around her have been repeatedly prostrated 
with sickness. The loneliness and feebleness of her aged parents 
in America have, however, compelled her, afler about sixteen years of 
missionary labor, to return to them. It will be difficult to repair the 
loss to the mission involved in the absence of one so skilled in the 
language, so much devoted to the people, and blessed with such ex- 
traordinary endurance under the tropical heat of Siam. 

Ratburee.—hx this new and difficult station Dr. James B. Thomp- 
son and Mrs. Thompson have labored through the year, though often 
interrupted by necessary absences at other stations in discharge of the 
Doctor's professional duties. From his first arrival in Ratburee Dr. 
Thompson has given to direct evangelistic labors much of his time. At 
die meetings which be has held there have been few hearer^ sometimes 

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tveenty, sometimes only three or four, but these have been conscientiously 
instructed. A native preacher has also been at work at this point under 
the Doctor's stimulus and supervision. Not only at Ratburee, but at 
other places accessible by the river, Dr. Thompson and his assistant 
have been able occasionally to hold religious services, and both by the 
preaching of the Word, and the distribution of many Christian books 
and tracts, have sown the good seed throughout the year. Great 
fidelity has been shown by Dr. Thompson, and a determination to at 
least lay solid foundations, making no appeal whatever to the Hopes 
ehlcrtained by the people of temporal aid. There are no large con- 
gregations, no overflowing schools ; as yet there is not even a record 
of clear conversions ; the work in fact is little more than begun, but 
it has been begun on principles sound and almost severe. 

Educational Work. 
Bangkok. — The schools at Bangkok look back upon a year of great 
prosperity. The Christian High-School, under the superintendence of 
Rev. J. A, Eakin, is an institution whose history it is pleasant to con- 
template. The funds necessary for its first foundation were secured by 
Mr. Eakin in America, in the face of difficulties which would have dis- 
couraged a less resolute spirit. Returning to Siam he opened the school 
two years ago, having the aid of Rev. and Mrs. J. B. Dunlap, both of 
them well qualified teachers. Mrs. Eakin also, from her long resi- 
dence in the country and perfect familiarity with the language, has 
been able, notwithstanding her feeble healthy to render most important 
services in connection with the schooL Diligence, steadiness of pur- 
pose, with quiet but unflagging religious earnestness, have marked the 
conduct of the school front its opening. And if, as we trust, in answer 
to the prayer of His devoted servants, God shall dwell by His Spirit in 
the school, we may cherish the brightest hopes of its Christian usefulness 
in the coming years. The attendance on the school early gave signs of 
such increase that the quarters first secured were regarded as quite 
inadequate. Accordingly, on the return of Mr. Wachter to the United 
States, the necessity arising for the care of the other Boys' School at 
his station, Sumray, it was decided by Mr. Eakin and by the mission to 
unite the Christian High-School, in the upper part of the city, with the 
Boys' School at Sumray, and conduct them as one institution under the 
superintendence of Mr. Eakin. This union was effected last July. A 
new building capable of accommodating one hundred pupils was erected 
at the lower station, and the new school opened immediately with an 
attendance of nearly one hundred boys, llie larger number of the 
scholars are boarders. The constant care, not only of iheir eduoUioo, 
but of their health and morals, and of their religious life, has been a 
severe strain upon the strength of Mr. Eakin and Mr. Dunlap. Mr. 
Eakin writes: "The degree of religious interest manifest among the 
students has been very encouraging. At our communion season in 
September, the first after the opening of the school, we welcomed to 
the Lord's table one of our native teachers and two of the most ad- 
vanced students. The little company of Christian students, having 
organized a prayer circle in behalf of their companions, met at first 

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during play hour, or in the evening in a room in the dormitory, set 
apart for private devotion, but in a week so many others had asked to 
join them, that there was not room to receive all who wished to come 
in, and the meeting was transferred to one of the school-rooms, and 
held after the study hours at night. They seem to be much in earnest, 
and we hope for a blessing in answer to their prayer. Several of the 
older students are already seriously considering their religious duty, 
and are almost persuaded to become Christians." 

IVang Lang Girli School. — ^'though Miss Cole was left, after the 
departure of Mr. and Mrs. Berger, to bear the burden of this school 
alone, yet the year has been one of great prosperity. The school has 
rapidly advanced in numbers, and at present its reputation through- 
out the city stands higher than ever before. But it is to be said that 
this high degree of efliciency has been readied at great cost. The 
strain has proved too severe for Miss Cole's strength, and it became 
necessary toward the close of the year for the mission to send her 
home to save her from entire prostration. At present Miss Paiier, 
although comparatively a new-comer, having arrived in Siam last Octo- 
ber, is left in charge of the school It is difficult to see from what 
other station the mission can spare even a solitary woman as her as- 
sociate. In her report for the year before her departure. Miss Cole 
wrote : " My work has been exceedingly pleasant, the children en- 
thusiastic and industrious. Our school family numbers sixty-five, but 
our average attendance has not been more than forty-five. Wc have 
now reached our utmost limit, and our houses are filled to their ut- 
most capacity." Miss Cole makes special mention of her indebted- 
ness to Rev. Dr. McFarland for his kind assistance in the work at 
Wang Lang. Dr. McFarland, as before mentioned, has preached 
every alternate Sunday at this station. One of the teachers in the 
school has united with the church, and four of the older girls have 
been received into the church on probation. It would be easy to re- 
ceive a much larger number of the pupils into the church, but Miss 
Cole and those associated with her have felt the great need of care- 
fulness in permitting this step on the part of the sdiolars, except after 
long-continued trial. 

Peichaburtt. — The Boyi School &axva% the year has been under the 
care of Rev. Mr. Eckels, the Girls' School under that of Miss &aall, 
while Miss Cort has superintended the outside schools, which she reg- 
ularly visits and examines. These outside schools, scattered over the 
city, have numbered twelve, with an a^regate enrollment of two hun- 
dred and forty-four scholars. Here, however, as elsewhere in Siam, 
there is much irregularity in the attendance. The average number 
actually found in the schools has not exceeded one hundred and twenty. 

The Howard Boarding and Industrial School shows an enrollmeot 
of sixty-nine pupils, thirty-four of them boarders. The average at- 
tendance, however, has not been more than thirty. The irregularity 
has been extremely discouraging, but what can be done ? While 
making all possible efforts to correct these faults, it is the duty 
and calling of a missionary to treat those coming to him with infinite 
patience^ knowing that it is the very weakness and ignorance of these 

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beathea peoples which constitute their appeal to our forbearance and 
fidelity. Whatever the discouragements may be, it is pleasant to be 
able to add that there is marked improvement. The Boyi School has 
Dombered twenty- eight, of whom eleven were boarders. The course 
of study has gone forward satis&ctorily under the supervision of Mr, 
Eckels. And notwithstanding themeasureofintemiption whichtnany 
of these interests have suffered in Petchaburee during the past year, 
our missionaries write that they looked for a decided enlargement in 
the number of scholars with the opening of the next year. 

Satiuree. — The Beys' School, although on a very small scale indeed, 
bis been carried ou for nearly seven mopths. That it was small was a 
necessity, since the only place for it was in Dr. Thompson's dwelling, 
in a room which he had set apart for his in-patients, and which, of 
course, was available only when it was empty as a hospital. On the 
airivai of patients the boys were transferred to Dr, Thompson's study. 
Although numbering but eight pupils, it is to be remembered that 
the school has been recently opened, and that those who have at- 
icDded, have come without any solicitation, have themselves sought 
admission, and willinjjly paid the fees for tuition which have from the 
first at thb station been required. Naturally, therefore, the class of 
pupils with which the educational work at Ratburee begins, in point 
of intellect and studiousness is high. The Government has recently 
granted the use of an empty brick building near Dr. Thompson's 
dwelling, for the school, which will now almost certainly greatly en- 
luge its numbers. 

Medical Work. 
Bangkok. — The Siamese Government abandoned the plan to send 
Dr. Hays to the United States in charge of six native students of 
medicine, and instead placed him in charge of a class of twenty young 
men to be trained by him as physicians in connection with one of the 
hospitals in that city. TTie studies of this class cover the ground of 
anatomy, physiology, surgeiy, and materia medica. Dr. Hays was also 
placed in chaise of all the Government hospitals, four in number, and 
is required to pay a daily visit to the Lunatic Asylum and Orphan's 
Home, — also Government institutions. He is at the same time 
maitager ol two dispensaries, one of which is furnished with all the 
applianf:es necessary for teaching pharmacy, and four students of the 
medical class are appointed to this dispensary, that they may become 
acquainted with this branch of medical knowledge. Dr. Hays also 
gives medical attendance to Europeans under the employ of the Gov- 
ernment, as well as to the members of the mission, and has been 
called occasionally for consultation to other stations because of serious 
illness in the mission families there. He has made several visits 
to Ayuthia, the ancient capital of Siam, and established a disi)ensary 
there. He has during the year received no salary from the Board, 
being liberally paid by the Government, and enabled to make a very 
important contribution to the mission treasury. 

Raiburee. — Dr. Thompson has carried forward his medical labors at 
this station from its first opening, but has been frequently obliged to 
intemipt them by the necessity of long absences to attend the mission 

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families at other stations. His patients at Ratburee have numbered 
four hundred 2nd eighty-eight, persons of every class and rank, re- 
quiring over sixteen hundred attendances. The doctor's medical 
labors have been under many disadvantages. One room, about fifteen 
feet square, on the ground floor of his dwelling, has been his drug- 
room, and a similar apartment adjoining has been a ward for in-pa- 
tients, while most of the actual dispensing of medicines has been done 
in the family sitting-room. He has had no assistant, and yet three-quar- 
ters of his cases have been surgical, some of them of the most serious 
difficulty. As he is bent on keeping his medical work in a secondary 
place, and strictly subsidiary to evangelistic efforts, and has been at 
the same time himself responsible for the opening of school work, and 
much of the lime for the maintenance of religious services, he has not 
hitherto asked for any great enlargement of his medical facilities. With 
the arrival at Ratburee this year of an ordained missionary. Rev. A. 
W, Cooper, to take charge of the religious services, and also a sister of 
Mr. Cooper, Miss Larissa J, Cooper, to assist in the development of 
the school, he will have opportunity for larger medical labors. Of 
this we are glad, since he is able to say that " not a single per«>D of 
all applying for medicine or Ireatanent, who could converse in Siamese 
has foiled to hear or read the Gospel." 

Petehaburee. — The ill-health of Dr. Paddock compelled his resigna- 
tion ag a missionary, and Dr. W. R. Lee arrived in Petehaburee in 
October of 1890, to take Dr. Paddock's place. Dr. Lee entered upon 
his labors with great enthusiasm and had promise of wide usefulness. 
He had, however, been at work only about two months, when, in the 
course of a surgical operation, he was so unfortunate as to absorb a 
malignant poison from the wound of his patient He was obliged at 
once to suffer the loss of one of the fingers of his right hand by ampu. 
tation, in order to save his arm and his life. The most serious conse- 
quences, which had at first been feared, were thus prevented, but the 
inflammation ensuing was of the most aggravated character, and the 
fever of several weeks which followed greatly diminished his vitality 
and strength. This exposed him to a severe attack of malarial fever, 
and the Doctor writes of his great disappointment and sorrow at being 
unable for several months to attend to the work which he came to do. 
He had resumed his medical labors with hopefulness in the month of 
February, but various circumstances seem to have rendered his future 
course uncertain. A great deal of prejudice still exists among the 
people in that part of Siam against the methods of Western practice, 
and it is found that numbers will suffer untold and prolonged tortures 
under their own cruel methods, rather than submit themselves to the 
care of an unknown foreign physician. Here, however, as elsewhere 
in Siam, prejudice is breaking down, and it is evident that there can 
be nothing la prevent a steady and useful enlargement of the medical 
work, provided good hospital accommodations can be maintained and 
a physician so favored as himself to escape accident and disease. 
Tli€ Mission Press. 

Bangkok, — The Misdon Press has issued during the past year 
copies of seven different books of the Bible, in all 10,870 copies, of 

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1,159,791 pages; adding to these 856,916 pages of tracts, a total 
issue is seen of 2,016,707 pages, almost double (he number printed in 
any recent year in the history of the mission, and this without any 
material increase in the equipment of the office or the number of men 
employed. Rev. J. B. Dunlap, the manager of the Press, has invented 
several appliances which greatly increase the efficiency of the work- 
men by saving labor, and have resulted also in making them much 
more interested in their work. The publishing of a religious paper in 
the Siamese has already been begun, and it is hoped that the mission 
force will be found sufficient to maintain it permanently. 

The Rev. John Carrington, formerly a missionary of our Board, as 
agent for the Bible Society has greatly increased the spread of the 
Scriptures in Siam. During the year he has employed an additional 
number of colporteurs who have been engaged exclusively in dis- 
tributing and selling copies of the Bible. This colporteur work has 
also for many years constituted a part of the labors of the mission 
itself, but Mr, Eakin writes : "With all this increased effort and ad- 
vance in our work, we are falling behind in supplying the demand for 
Scriptures to spread abroad among these people who have no other 
source from which to receive the Word of Life." The Press is at 
present busily engaged in the printing of much-needed copies of the 
books of the New Testament ; among others, the Gospel of Mark, of 
which an edition is being issued of 6,000 copies. 

The mission report that they are in sad need of a new font of type, 
the most of their work (or the past year having been on old type, which 
has been in use for the last thirty years. It has been only through the 
skill and patience of Mr. Dunlap and his assistants that this worn and 
antiquated material has been made at all adequate to the wants of the 
mission. In addition to the difficulties which the press has labored under, 
owing to its worn and insufficient type, it has been much hindered in its 
usefulness because of the quarters in which it is now located. Its 
work is all confined to the lower story of the dwelling-house occupied 
by Rev. Mr. Eakin. The press-room is the one long, narrow room 
under the middle of the house, hghted only at its ends, while the wide 
verandas which necessarily extend over both the front and rear of 
the house, shut out the light to a large degree at the only two places 
where light can enter. The difficulty of seeing and of working in the 
press-room is exceedingly great, especially in the wet season. Our 
brethren write that we who have not had experience of their difficul- 
ties cannot possibly imagine them. Eyesight, time, and health are all 
wasted by the entirely unsuitable quarters in which the great work 
of the press is done. Mr, EUkin writes : " Besides the darkness and 
dampness of the quarte'rs, the place is not large enough to accommo- 
date the work we have on hand. We have actually no shelter for the 
fonner editions which we have printed, and which we must carefully 
store and watch if they are to be kept from destruction and held 
ready for use." Mr. Eakin has relinquished every spare foot of his 
dwelling for the accommodation of the press and its issues, leav- 
ing himself only one small store-room where the rain-water for 
die fomily is kept. No place remains but his bedroom and the 

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other needed apartments in his dwelling in which his own trunks 
and boxes can be stowed — a serious difficulty in a country like this, 
where the white ants must constantly be guarded against lest they 
shall devour books and papers, and all similar articles to which they 
can find access. It is not surprising, therefore, that the mission is 
asking the Board for an appropriation the coming year of $4,000 for 
the purpose of erecting a building which shall furnish adequate accom- 
modation for the press. This is the only way to relieve it from its 
present cramped and crowded condition, in which the machinery has 
scarcely room to work, and to give safe storage for its books and 
other issues. 

The mission in its reports recurs more than once to this subject, set- 
ting forth the need of this new building. Mr. Eakin himself writes : " I 
hope- the new building for printing-office and go-down [general store- 
bouse] can be granted. It is greatly needed. It does not seem pos- 
sible to undertake the additional printing in our present cramped 
quarters, and then we ourselves have no room to store anything. 
Nearly all the first floor of our house is taken up with the printing- 
office and store-rooms. We are using the boxes in our dwelling rooms 
as furniture that we may keep the white ants from eating them." Cer- 
tainly one floor ofMr.Eakin's house over the press-room IS little enough 
for the accommodation of his family. At the time of the annual meet- 
ing many guests must be provided for, to say nothing of other occa- 
dons. Beds must be made up on the floor, and guests entertained at 
great disadvantage, and with an amount of labor which costs a severe 
strain on the mistress of the house, which she is by no means well i^le 
to bear. The whole situation prompts us to say that it is doubtful 
whether any Christian enterprise in the world can be found which is 
carried forward under such great disadvantages in point of material 
equipment as are to be found in the case of many of our foreign mis- 
sions. It seems an inexpressible pity that, when well-educated and 
devoted men and women have taken up their homes in these distant 
and unhealthfut lands, have resisted disease, and conquered at last a 
knowledge of strange tongues, and ought really to be entering upon 
the years of their highest usefulness^ their strength should be sapped 
by the daily endurance of inconveniences amounting to constant dis- 
comfort and even danger. 

Another illustration of this is found at Ratburee, where, as above 
stated. Dr. Thompson has had but one building for his dwelling, the 
school, the hospital, and the dispensary. The Government has given 
the mission lately a disused brick stable for chapel and school, but 
meantime for the coming year Dr. Thompson finds added to his house, 
hold two newly arrived missionaries. 

Statistics of Stam Mission. 

Ordained misaionarie* 8 

Medical missionaries ^ 

Single lady missionaries j 

Uairied lady miHioiiarieg 9 

Na(i»e licentiate pnachcis S 

Biljie-wofnea 3 

NatiTC teacbers (ud belpeis 04 

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Number of chtuchei 7 

ConuDDnicants 395 

StudeDt (or minlsby i 

Boys in boarding-sehoob S3 

Giris in boaidlng-schoob 99 

Bo<r9 in day-schools 933 

Girls in daj-schoola ..,,•,,,,.,,... 140 

Total number of pupils 535 

Number of schoob iB 

Pupils ID Sabbatb-scboob 336 

Coutributioiu $398 

Laos MiMion. 

CHE[JKQ-kUl : on the Uaali-Ping' RJTer, 50a miles aoith of Baodcok ; occupied as a 
misiion slallon, 1876 ; missionaty Mioien— Rev. Messis. Daniel McGilvarjr, D.D., D. G. 
Collins, W. C. Dodd, and Ihdr wives; Dr. and Mn. James W. McKean, Rev. Stanlev 
K. Phnuer ; Uises Isabella GrifGn, Eliza P. WesLervelt, and Nellie H. UcGilvaiy ; 
"■ ■ ' 19 helpers; : 

Laeawn : on the Uaab-WuDg River, sontlieast froca Cbeuug-Mai 75 miles ; occupied 
as a mission Elation, iSS; ; missionary laborers— Rev. 5. C. Peoples, U.D., and Mrs. 
Peoples; Rev. Jonalhan Wilson, Rev. and Mn. Hugh Taylor, Rev. Robeit Irwin, Dr. 
aod Mrs. W. A. Biiggs ; Uiss Kate W. Fleeson ; a native helpen ; i outstation. 

The Laos Mission, which is substantially identical with the Pres- 
bytery of Laos, sends its rejiort this year with expression's of warm 
giatilude to God because of the many blessings of the year. 

Where but a few years ago there was unbroken heathenism, where 
also the first converts won to Christ by Drs. McGilvary and Wilson 
were cruelly tortured and put to death, there is now a Presbytery 
of six churches, eight ministers, and twenty-one elders, eight hun- 
dred and eighty-four adult communicants, and more than six hundred 
baptized children. Its Sunday-schools have four hundred and fifty- 
eight pupils, and there are two hundred and thirty-four regular 
attendants in its day and boarding schools. In its Christian train- 
ing-class are twenty-two students in the course of preparation for 
the different forms of Christian work. During the past year a new 
church, beginning with sixty communicants and twenty-five bap- 
tized children, has been added to the roll of the Presbytery, while 
to all its churches one hundred and eighty-three adult members 
have been received. 

The missionary force, although inadequate to meet the growing 
needs of the field, has been larger than ever before. In December, 
Rev. and Mrs. Stanley K. Phraner arrived at Cheung-Mai, but we 
are compelled in sorrow to write that Mrs. Phraner, whose health 
was much impaired during the long journey from America to Laos, 
grew still more feeble after reaching her field, and on February 12th 
she passed from earth to heaven. The deepest sympathy is felt by 
his missionary brethren and by all the members of the Board for 
Mr. Phraner, thus bereaved at the very threshold of his missionary 
life. There have also arrived as new missionaries, and have been 
Stationed at Lakawn, Dr. and Mrs. W. A. Briggs and Rev. Robert 
Irwin. Dr. and Mrs. Peoples, returning from America, reached 
Lakawn in December. 

£vatige/tttic iVork. — In this department of missionary labor our 

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brethren have had special reason to thank God Tot what He has 
enabled them to accomplish. Stated Sabbath services have beea 
held, with few interruptions, in twenty-two cities and villages, nine 
of which have their own chapels, and occasional services have beeo 
held in at least twenty more places. Most of these services have 
been conducted by resident elders, laboring for their fellow Chris- 
tians and others gratuitously. Eleven native evangelists have spent 
a lar^e portion of their time in itinerant work, and three others 
have been occasionally employed. Many evangelistic tours have 
been undertaken by our missionaries, varying in length from a few 
days to three months. These tours, numbering nea^rly thirty, have 
been the means of a wider personal proclamation of the Gospel 
among the Laos than has been accomplished in any previous year. 
There has been constant growth in the churches. Our brethren 
write : " Indeed there have been only six months since October, 
1884, when there were no baptisms in our churches." The ratio of 
growth has been largest in those very places where, until recently, 
there has been the most opposition. The new year has openeid 
vith similar and even greater encouragement, the number of addi- 
tions to the churches being larger than at any previous period in 
the history of the mission. While the missionaries have occasion 
frequently to lament the weakness and the sins of ignorance and 
passion in which their converts are involved, especially where the 
new influx of foreigners has subjected them to unaccustomed temp- 
tations, they write : " Nevertheless we magnify the grace of God 
for the constancy and the growth in spiritual life which has been the 
usual rule and not the exception among our church members." 

In the department of evangelistic labor the station of Lakawn has 
also been prospered. Although its veteran missionary, Mr. Wilson, 
was compelled for a part of the year to be absent from his post on 
account of feeble health, the other members of the station have car- 
ried forward regularly the customary Sabbath services, received and 
instructed the inquirers repairing to them from other towns and vil- 
lages, and have had the pleasure of welcoming twenty-two aduU 
members to the church. 

Educational Work. — This has constituted a large part of the 
labor of the year at Cheung-Mai and its outstations. Five schools 
have been taught by five missionaries, with seven native assistants. 
The Girls' Boarding-School, under the Misses Griffin and Wester- 
velt, has had an enrolment of eighty-one pupils- Of these, sixty* 
nine were boarders. Thirty-three of the eighty-one pupils are 
church members, nine having been received to the church during 
the year. Miss Westervelt writes in a tone of great encouragement 
at the growing regularity and studiotisness of the scholars- 

The Cheu7tg-Mai Soys' Boarding-Sc?iool, taught by Mr. Collins, as- 
sisted by Mrs- Collins and Miss McGilvary, has gone forward as usual, 
with seventy pupils enrolled. This school has now completed its 
third year. Of the seventy pupils, forty have been boarders. With 
very few exceptions these scholars have come from Christian homes. 
Mr. Collins has been often much discouraged by the irregularity in 

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attendance of his scholars. Even Christian parents in the Laos 
have as yet but slight appreciation of the necessity of such virtues 
as punctuality and diligence in school life. There is, however, a 
constantly growing nunvber of families whose children maintain 
an absolute regularity, seldom missing a single day. Mr. Collins 
writes : " There is a lai^e number of very bright boys in the school 
who we trust will become useful helpers in out churches. During 
the year ten boys have united with the church." It is needless to 
say that in both these schools the most careful attention is given to 
instniction in the Scriptures. 

The Cheung-Mai Training-Sehool. — This school, as wc have 
slated, has numbered during the past year twenty-two pupils, one 
of them a woman, of whose usefulness even now Mr. Dodd writes in 
warm terms. The time of the school is given almost exclusively to 
Biblical and religious teaching. During the past year Old Testa- 
ment history and the Harmony of the Gospels have been carefully 
pursued, and other important branches of practical theology. By no 
means all who come to this school are expecting to be ministers, 
but among them are already found some of the best trained evan- 
gelists of the mission. 

The Lakawn Boys' School. — This school was first regularly organ- 
ized a little more than a year ago ; fourteen names were enrolled the 
fitst day. This number has now risen to twenty-six, of whom six 
are boarders. The school is sustained mainly through the labors of 
Mrs. Taylor and Miss Fleeson, although Mr. Taylor has been able 
to spare some time every day from his other duties for the neces- 
sary work of superintendence, together with some instruction. The 
evangelistic work at Lakawn is so new comparatively that there are 
but few Christian families, and therefore a very large proportion 
of the boys in the school, eighteen out of twenty-six, are from 
heathen homes. 

Although no provision has been made from the mission treasury 
for a girls' school at Lakawn, yet a school has really been going for- 
ward for some time under the care of Miss Fleeson. It is still small, 
only seventeen names being enrolled, but it contains the promise of 
a future school for girls at Lakawn, and must soon be provided with 
suitable accommodations and support. 

Medical Work, — Since the arrival of Dr. McKean at Cheung-Mai 
the medical work has been vigorously carried forward. The Doctor 
has found much assistance from one student who had been well 
trained under Dr. Gary, and acknowledges his great indebtedness 
also to Dr. McGilvary and others of bis clerical brethren in many 
of the more difficult operations which he has been called upon to 
perform. In the ten months included in his report more than one 
thousand cases have come under Dr. McKean's care, sixty-one of 
whom have been in-patients in the hospital. His prescriptions have 
numbered thousands, and of the one hundred and eight surgical 
cases, twenty-one have called for capital operations. Dr. McKean 
writes ; " Our patients have included persons of all ranks, from the 
blind slave cast out by his master to beg and die, to His Royal 

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Highness, Fiince Sonapandit, brother of the King of Siam." All 
the members of the Prmce's family have applied for treatment re- 
peatedly, and be at one time sent one hundred and sixty rupees in 
acknowledgment of Dr. McKean's medical services. The receipts 
from the sale of medicines and from professional fees have amounted 
to considerably more than |i,ooo, and it is Dr. McKean's hope that 
the medical work can be made very largely if not wholly self-sus- 
taining. He remarks upon the great change in the feelings of the 
people with regard to taking the medicines prescribed for them, 
contrasting the day when Dr. McGilvary first offered quinine, and 
when it was necessarv Co hire the people to take the remedy in 
order to demonstrate its healing power. Dr. McKean has not yet 
sufficient command of the language to engage directly in religious 
teaching himself, but Rev. Messrs. McGilvary, Collins, and Dodd, 
and their trusted evangelist. Rev. Nan Tab, have constantly given 
insttuction to the patients in the wards. An afternoon service 
has been held in the dispensary each Sabbath, the average attend- 
ance being about sixty. A night-school has also been opened which 
is held every evening at Dr. McKean's residence ; the average at- 
tendance has been about thirteen. The main text-book is the Bible. 
As many of the patients in attendance come from distant provinces 
and have learned to read well, they carry back with them copies of 
God's Word and other religious books, through which it is believed 
that Christian truth will be widely scattered. In concluding his re- 
port Dr. McKean writes : " These ten months, notwithstanding all 
their discouragements and failures, are by far the happiest months 
I have spent since I began the practice of medicine." 

Lakawn Medical Work. — The absence of Dr. Peoples through 
most of the year included in the report has, of course, limited greatly 
the medical work at this station. It has not, however, prevented 
the dispensing of simpler remedies by the resident missionaries, and 
they have been able to render much assistance to some of the 
natives by following the advice and prescriptions furnished by 
physicians at other stations- 

Dr. Peoples on his return from America carried hack with him a 
full font of Laos type, which, after great care, had been prepared in 
America, and has now safely arrived in Laos, being destined, as we 
hope, to greatly extend the knowledge of God's Word among that 
people. Happily there are now to be found in the number of the 
missionaries more than one highly qualified for original work in the 
Laos language, as well as for the still more sacred task of translating 
the Scriptures into that tongue. The mission, on the one hand, 
numbers some thoroughly furnished Biblical scholars in its ranks, 
and is able also to avail itself of the peculiarly accurate and idiom- 
atic knowledge of the Laos language possessed by Mrs. McGil- 
vary. Having been born in the country and passed all her life there, 
her knowledge of the language may be said to be that of a native, 
while, of course, her own superior education lends a precision to 
her use of their tongue not possessed even by the natives them- 

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The Board has authorized during the past year the raising of the 
sum of $5,000 for the purpose of establishing an Industrial School 
at Lakawn. The attempt is now being made to secure this sum 
from the Sunday-school children of our church, and very many con- 
tributions for this purpose have already been received. 

The Laos Mission, it is expected, will be still further reinforced 
this summer by the arrival of Rev. and Mrs. E. B. McGilvary and 
Miss Margaret A. McGilvaiy, now under appointment by the Board. 

Slalistics of Laos Mission- 

Ordained n 

Medical mi: 
Single tady ir 

Married lady missionanes 7 

Ordained native evangelist i 

Native assistants and leachen 21 

Churches 6 

Communicants BS4 

Added during [he year tSi 

Boys in board ing-gchools 96 

Girls in boarding-schools Bi 

Boys in day-schools 53 

Girls in day-schools 36 

Total number in schools • a;5 

Number of schools 7 

Pupils in Sabbath-schools 458 

Contributions $184.30 

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Hlsaisn Id Brull. 

B«HU : -ns miles noRh-noitbeast of Rio de Janeiro ; mlasiaiui; lab oiti ' a Rev. 
Woodvud E. Finler ; i ordained Dolire aaisUilt and a colportEQta. 4 nUstatiims : 
I colpoileor and Bitde-mader. 

LARAMOBiiua : north of Bahla in the State of Se^pe ; Re*, and Utt. J. B. Kolb ; 
I mtilatiimi : i teachet. 

Cahpos ; about 150 miles uoitlieast o( Rio de Jineiiti. Vacant. 

Rio de Janeiro ; capital of Ihe empire ; populatian, 400,003 ; occuiued as a roiraioii 
station In iS6o', misslonan bborers— Rev. Ueon. John U. Kyle, Jamea B. Rndeen, 
and their wires, and Ktv. A. B. Trajano ; i natiTe assislant, a colporteurs, and a teaclMia. 

Sao Pauia : 300 miles west-southwest of Rio de Janeiro : chief town in the Stale of 
■ame name ; population. 70,000 ; o(xupied as a mission station in 1863 ; mlsskman 
laboren— Rev. Geo. W. Chamberlain and wife ; H. U. Lane, M.D. 1 Rev. W. A. Wacf- 
deU : Uiss Ella Kuhl \ Miss EUiabeih R. Williamson ; Hiss Clan E. Houeh ; Kn. B. 
C. Ptnira; 18 teachers and i cmlporteur, 

SOROCABA : Go mile« west of Sao Pauki — Ree. y. Zathariat di Mira*da. 

RiO Claso : over lao miles nOTthwest of Sao Paulo ; occupied as a mission itatioa in 
1873 ! miffilonary laborers — Rev. and Mrs. W. A. Caninpon ; Mis Eva Dagama ; Htr- 
ttdiiu di Goavia, aai Bemta Farrat dt Arrmla ; 17 preachinf; places ; 10 teachers; 3 
licentiates and i colporteur. 

Jahu : near Brotas ; i7g miles northwest of Sao Faulo ; occuj^ed ai a misnon station 
in 1SG8 ; 4 teachers. Vtuant, 

Cau>AS l 170 miles north of Sao Paulo— ^rt>. M. G. Tarrts; Jfev. Caetana de 
Segtaira; i native helper and t teacher. 

CahfaHUa : Rev. B. F. Di Camfias; 3 native teachers. 

BoTucATt; : 160 miles west by north of Sao Paulo : tnisioiuiy laborers-^lliss Haty 
P. Dascomb and Xtv. J. R. C. Braga ; a native teachers. 

CURITTBA : about 500 miles soulliweat of Rio de Janeiro ; chief town ot the State of 
Parana ; missionary laborers — Rev. Messrs. G. A, Landes and Thomas J. Porter and 
tlwir wives ; Rev. it. P. 8. de Canmllusa ; Gui/Aerme da Costa ; a colprnteun and 3 
native teachers. 

Rio Gra:!DE do Sul : Rev. if. A. de Menexes and wife. 

in thit cBMftry: Rev. Messrs, John U. Kyle and George W. Chamberlain and 
thelT wives. 

" This is the Ixtrd's doing and it is marvellous in our eyes," may 
well be written a& a caption to the report of the year 1890. That ^e 
people of brazil in the general election held on the 15th day of Sep- 
tember would " set their seai" to the revolution of the previous year 
was confidently expected. But that they should on the anniversary day 
of that event (Nov. 15th), by their represenutives met in " ConstUu- 
eni Congress," quietly ignore the protests of the clerical party and the 
"expression of immense astonishment and profound grief" of the 
Roman Catholic Church, and proceed to ratify one by one the radical 
measures of the Provisional Government touching religious liberty, 
civil marriage, secularization of* cemeteries, abolition of all patronage 
by federal or Stale governments, etc., continues to be a matter of sur~ 
prise. It is also a most significant answer to the prayer which has 

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been going up to God for the vindication of the doctrines for which 
Jean de ^ileau, Brazil's martyr rnissionarj', suffered the loss of all 
things and in 1567 died. It is the day of God's power in Brazil. 

Men are offering themselves for missionary service in this newly 
awakened and opening land. Competent teachers and preachers 
are ready to go, have made application to the Board of Foreign Mis- 
sions to be sent. And the Board will readily send them if the people 
of God by their gifts put this within its power. Ma^ we see the word 
folfilled : " Thy people ^all be willing in the day of Thy power." 

General Advance- 

Marked progress has been made during the past year in the line of 
self-support by the churches. The National Missions fund is growing ; 
we are in the fifth year of this movement, the plan having been in- 
augurated in 1886. During nine previous years, little more than 
(i,rioo in all was contributed to the Board's help. During four years, 
1886-90, over (19,500 have been given to the National Missions. 
The spirit of honoring the Lord with the first-firuits of all their in- 
crease, has had notable illustrations during the year. One member 
of the Rio church placed (2,500 at the disposal of the church as the 
tenth of a sum received for a patent. Others have, on a smaller scale, 
carried out the same principle, resulting in liberal gifts to church and 
hospital funds. One member of an interior church, who died Dec, 
13, 1890, left in his will (25,000 for the endowment of tbe Botucatu 
school, $15,000 and his house for a hospital, and minor legacies. 

New churches have been organized as well as old ones strengthened 
by many accessions. One of these new organizations is especially 
worthy of notice. The region known as Fariura (abundance) was 
firat visited by Rev. Messrs. Chamberlain and McLaren in 1888. The 
native pastor at Botucatu afterward visited them twice. On the 
occasion of his third visit in July, 189a, the farmhouse would not hold 
the numbers who wished to be baptized. Accordingly, "We ad- 
journed to the open air, where they bowed their heads reverently to 
receive baptism. The numbers were so great that they made an 
arbor of green boughs and covered it with palm leaves, and here, a 
day or two later, brought their children, family by family, to be bap- 
tized. At Fartura 55 grown persons professed their faith, and 68 chil- 
dren were baptized." Such almost spontaneous growths in fiiTming 
regions emphasize the importance of m^ntaining such a farm school 
as that which has been closed by the retirement of Rev. J, B. Howell, for 
whom no successor has offered. The death of that veteran missionary. 
Rev. A. L. Blackford, has further crippled the mission. Messrs. Wad- 
dell and Carnngton went out in August, 1S90, and have been en- 
gaged in tbe study of the language. 

Sao Paulo. 
The State of Sao PauliJ contains more than half of the churches in 
the Synod of Bra;dL That of the capital has been, since the organiza- 
tion c& the Synod in 1888, self-supporting^and growing rapidly under the 
efficient Diiiustry of Rev. K. C Pereira. From the "Jieviewo/NaiionaJ 

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Missions" we gather some statistics foi the year; 19 added to the 
membership of the church ; total contributions during the year, 
^8,62 1. 18. The pastor of that church is also President of the Synod's 
"Commission of Hatienal Missi^ms" and editor of the monthly " Re- 
view of National Missions" in both of which q^ces he shows tact and 
zeal, and exerts wide influence on all the churches, in behalf of self- 
support. "This great work," he says, "is taking deep root in the 
conscience of our church, and is nourished from the heart of our 
people. The truth of this is seen in a glance at the report of the 
treasurer compared with those of former years." " IVati^nai Missions 
is a salient fact in the life of our Brazilian church, a growing fact, 
which governs, and will more and more dominate, the vital move- 
ment, the force irresistibly expansive of the Church of God in our 
land." . ..." In this line of action we have in view to realize two 
distinct ideas — the self-support of each church, and the independent 
maintenance of the work oif national evangelization. No feeling of 
insubordination, but the calm comprehension of our dignity and our 
destiny, animates us." 

Sao Paulo Schools. — Early in the year Dr. Lane wrote : " All is well 
here. The church, under the devoted native pastor, thrives and grows 
in power and influence among the people daily. The school prospers 
in its work. I am no longer able to report growth numerically, be- 
cause every available nook of school buildings and church has been 

full for some time. The total number matriculated is 410 

It saddens us to have to turn away the bright children who apply foi 
admission, but we are correspondingly cheered by the fact that parents 
are willing to wdt patiently for a vacancy," Rev. W. A, Waddell, 
appointed by the Board to take part in educational work in Brazil, 
after some months' residence and opportunity to observe minutely the 
school, says : " It is an honor to the American name, thoroughly up to 
standard in its work in all directions, and has few equals anywhere. 
Dr. Lane has worked the Bible into every department, and the school 
is an active and valuable part of the propaganda," Mr. Porter writes : 
"The methods of teaching, the moral control of the teachers over 
pupils, the wisdom used to develop the individual character of the 
pupils, the spirit and application of pupils, make the school superior." 

Dr. H. M. Lane, in his report of the mission school at S. Paulo, says : 
"The year 1890 has been one of unprecedented prosperity numerically, 
financially, and in the more important matter} of spiritual growth, 
eflicient teaching, self-sacrifidng devotion to the work, as the Master's 
work, on the part of teachers, and substantial advance in course of 
study and solid organization. God's blessing is visible in all the life 
of the school. 

" The Church should understand that as many as are turned away 
from the school, are turned away from a daily ministry of God's Word 
in a city where no other school ministers the Word. Of a total of 447 
pupils matriculated in the school at Sao Paulo, 387 were of Roman 
Catholic parents, and of these 15 only were free pupils. The school 
is becoming self-supporting. With the exception of the salaries of two 
ladies the salaries of teachers are met from the income of the school. 

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D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


" The rapid changes in the political life of the nation have thrown 
the school question intobold relief, and the educational work being done 
by the Presbyterian mission has been the subject of scrutiny of pub- 
lic men as never before in its history. The opportunity for extending 
this work is here, and with it the corresponding responsibility. Shall 
we seize the one and assume the other? The opportunity may pass. 
We cannot avoid the responsibility. 

" I believe the conditions of Brazil to-day are such that upon the 
prompt and effective organization of a system of education depends 
not only the spread of the Gospel, but its permanence as it is. An 
ignorant Church, whether Presbyterian or Catholic, cannot ' hold the 
fort ' in the new BrazU. The movement on foot to organi;;e a system 
of schools, and complete it with a Christian university, will go into his- 
tory — if successful — as the beginning of a new era." 

Messrs. J. I.. Underwood and John Knox HaU, graduates of the 
class of 1890, from Macalester College, St Paul, Minn., left in July 
and August of 1S90 under the auspices of the Board of Trustees, 
which was organized to establish a college at Sao Paulo, Brazil. While 
not at the expense of the Board of Missions, yet their presence in 
Sao Paulo in the capacity of Christian teachers has strengthened our 
work, and will do so yet more in the near future. 

The Board of Trustees of the College made request to the Board of 
Foreign Missions for the services of H. M. L^ne, M.D., as provisional 
President of the College. We need, therefore, a capable man as a 
substitute for Dr. Lane in the arduous work he has htid in hand. 


Sergipe. — Nearly every town and village in the Slate of Sei^pe has 
been visited during the year. Mr, Kolb writes : " At every point we 
had opportunities of presenting the Gospel, either by the preaching of 
the Word, or by personal contact. The spiritual prospect is excep- 
tionally bright. Men and women everywhere show interest in the s^- 
vation of their souls," Mr. Kolb reports the regular maintenance at 
T.arangeiras of morning and evening services and Sabbath-school, and 
two week-night services, all well attended. The day-school has 17 
enrolled, and has done better work during the year than formerly, 
*' owing to advantages which the teacher enjoyed at Sao Paulo daring 
the year 1889," 

At the outstations of Carahibas and Lavandeiras regular Sabbath 
services are kept up by the brethren, the pastor visiting about every 
two months. Persecution has not ceased, proving a means of spiritu^d 
activity. More laborers are needed among the 300,000 souls of this 
State. A lady teacher is required for the school, whose influence, 
humble as it is, is already felt. Nine were received during the year 
to church-membership. 


Rev. Woodward E, Finley, in his report of his field, says : " Bahia in 
the last year suffered a great loss in the death of Rev. A. L. Blackford 
D.D The work, left alone in unskilful and young hands, did 

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not promise miich in this imprntant field. The weak and feeble efforts 
of His servants God has, however, blessed in great degree." The 
native assistant has done earnest and untiring work. A new station 
has been added and fonner ones kept up ; the colporteur reports large 
sales of books. A most promising outstation is the city oi Som Ftm, 
at the terminus of the railroad. It could be made a centre of religious 
work, influencing all the country around. Five members were added 
to the church in October, and as many more will be received at the 
next visit. This station appears to be the key to the country beyond, 
along the San Francisco River. We ought to occupy this city which 
God is opening to us. 

At Quheeira, which seemed at a standstill, there is awakened in- 
terest. A more commodious house of worship in a better location is 
occupied. The audience averages 30. One has been added to the 
church, two will be received at next communion. Six others are almost 
ready to prove their faith. The colporteur has sold many Bibles and 
books, and visited repeatedly outlying towns and fields along the line 
rf the railroad running from Cachoeira. 

Bahia City. — The usual services have been kept up, and although 
imperfectly done, God has used these efforts for the upbuilding of His 
diurch. Four have been received to church membership. The 
promise for the fiiture is still better. The members of the church have 
taken on themselves some of the pastoral work, and are doing well. 
They also have assumed the internal expenses — a new step. The 
membership is poor but thoroughly in earnest, and their efforts cannot 
help but bear abundant fruit in the near fitture. 

A most hopeful tone pervades the Bahia report 

Rio de Janeiro. 

The absence of Rev. Mr. Kyle, at home on furlough, has thrown on 
Mr. J. B. Rodgers, yet a new missionary, absorbing cares, both secu- 
lar and spiritual. 

Mr. Rodgers says of the church of Rio ; " Constant but slow growth 
is its hbtory for the year. Congregations steadily increase. Twenty- 
two new members faave been received. Under the burden of self- 
support the church grows stronger financially. It has given largely to 
die poor and to National Missions, while supporting its native pastor 
Rev. A, B. Trajano. Individuals have contributed largely to aid 
building projects in the churches of Ubatuba, Rio Grande do Sul, and 
Parana. The church received $3,500 as an offering of the tenth of 
the proceeds from the sale of a patent by one of its members." 

The Imprensa Evangelica has been issued regularly. The editor- 
ship afier Mr. Kyle's departure has been in the hands of Rev, F. 
J. C, Schneider. 

Campos. — The church of Campos, oneof the larger cities of Southern 
Brazil, at the northeastern end of the State, has been visited but twice 
during the year. The people petition the mission for a pastor. There 
is rea.<(on for the request. Much good work has been done there 
and its fruits should not be left. The city has over 25,000 inhabitants, 
and is an influential centre. Three lines of railway and the Parahyba 
River give access to six cities and a large number of towns. 

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The church of Ptiropolis holds services evei; Sandaj' under direc- 
tion of the deacon. When the pastor is able to visit the church two 
services in the suburbs are also held. 

Nictheroy had regular services during the year under care of Mr. 

Rezende has a little nucleus of believers whose &ith is Strong, and 
their petition for a pastor urgent. The work is promising. The place 
should be held as a centre of towns and cities accessible on either side 
by the Central Railway of Brazil. 

Ubatuba is most encouraging, under the &ithful care of the Bible- 
reader, Sr. Granja. Sixteen members were received to the church 
during the year. The spirit of the church is excellent 
Rio Ciaro, 

Rev. J. F. Dagama reports the maintenance of worship at this stadon 
by himself and the licentiate, Herculano de Gouv&i, and the visiting 
(^ outstations. The school has been carried on by Miss Eva Dagatna 
and her sister. It is a primary school, with an attendance of 20 or 
30. The absence of Mr. Howell devolved the care of his field upon 
Mr. Dagama, who was already overburdened with too wide a circuit. 
He gives account of "joumeyings oft" in " much weariness and weak- 
ness," and requests the Board to consider his resignation. "After ao 
long years of work in this country, and hard work, I need rest." It is 
imperative that these vast fields be reinforced. Rev. Mr. Carrington 
will probably be stationed at Rio Claro. 

Brotas, Jahu, and Dous Correggs, 

Rev. J. B. Howell, returning to this country on account of his aged 
parents, has felt constrained to resign his commission and accept a 
charge near his home. This has left a most important field vacant, par- 
alyzed the farm-school at Jahu, in which the sons of the farming popu- 
lation were being prepared for Christian work, while contributing by 
manual labor to meet the expense of their education. As yet the 
Board has not been able to appoint any new man to this field. 

Dr. I^ne wrote (May, 1890) : "The breaking up of Mr. Howell's 
relations with the people has been attended by some very touchii^ 
episodes. In March he received on profes.sion of faith zo per^ms 
into the various churches under his charge. A number of others who 
sought admission were advised to wait until better prepared in knowl- 
edge of Gospel truth." 

BolucatU, Lerifoes, Rio Novo, Santa Cruz, Fartura. 
In the minutes of the mission mention is made oT the need of a 
man to be stationed at Santa Cruz do Rio Pardo. This is an outpost 
of the churches consigned to the pastoral care of Rev. J. C. Bi^ga, 
and a gateway to regions beyond which it is physically impossible for 
the pastor of the churches of Botucatu, Len^oes, and Rio Novo to 
oversee. One hundred miles to the south of Santa Cruz is the r^on 
of Fartura, of which we have written, where, in July, 1890, was organ- 
ized a church of 114 adults and nearly 70 children (in a booth built 
for the purpose, because there was no farm-house which would hold 

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the congregation) — a veritable church in the wilderness, needing, as 
that at Santa Cniz also, pastoral care which Mr. Braga, Etiready over- 
burdened, cannot bestow. 

Curiiyba. — ^The Rev. G. A. Landes reached his post in Curi^ba in 
Febniary, 1890, acconipaniol by Rev. and Mrs. Thos. J. Porter. 
Together with Rev. M, P. R Carvalhosa, he has endeavored to care 
for the vast field of Parana. He reports the defection, through strong 
drink and the doctrines of Spiritualism, of some members of whom 
high hopes were cherished. The present membership of the church 
of Cuntyba is 4S. Gifts for building purposes amounted to $500, 
and a lot for a church building has been bought for $1,000. A day- 
school, conducted by Seizor Carvalhosa and his daughters, has an at- 
tendance of 35 to 30. The mission is of the opinion that ^e opening 
for a first-class school here should be improved by sending two ladies 
IS teachers. 

Jtaqui. — To the church at Itaqui eight members have been added. 
The church has pud for its building over $t,ooo, and contributed also 
to the fund for Nalioruil Missions. There are but 59 adult members 
and 55 children. A good school is needed, and a number of teachers 
might be trained up from among the younger Christians. 

Castro. — -The church at Castro grows slowly. At present it has 96 
adults and 50 children. Twelve were added during the year. One 
of our candidates for the ministry, Guiiherme da Costa, has been sta^ 
tioned in that field, visiting outposts and maintaining worship in Cas- 
tro. The distant points of Ivahy and Tibagy have been visited once. 
Guarapuava. — Guarapuava has been visited twice. It is 80 miles 
from any other town, and with no wagon-road. It also needs a school. 
There are here 59 baptized children and 74 adult members. They 
have started a fund for church building, and contributed to that for 
National Missions. 

Rio Grande do Sul. — No report has been received fix>m Senhor 
Menezes, who has continued to work in this most southern sUte of 
the new republic. 

Statistic of Brazil Mission. 

Ordained niisslonarics 9 

Medical missionary I 

Siniijl'le lady missionaries 5 

Married lady missionaries 7 

Ordaiacd natives I3 

'Native licentiate preachers 3 

(Native teacbers and helpers S4 

lumber of churches 39 

"Communicants 3,736 

'Number added during the year 183 

Boys in boarding-schools 31 

Girls in boarding-schools 34 

Boys in day^chools 454 

Gills in day-schools 363 

Total number of pupils 881 

fNnmber of schools IS 

Pupils in Sabbath^chools 5S3 

"Contributions 9 15,566 

■ Repoits froDi some stations lacking. t Last year's report. 



Valparaiso : the diiet leapoit of Chili ; p^lation, 190,000; labonn— Rev. Ilcsm. 
W. E. Dodge, J. F. Ganin, and their wives; Rev. Mutts BtrCBoitxt three nMiTe 
belpers. Four outstatioas, including Constilucion, where there is an orgsnjied church. 

tntkitamntrj: Rev. and Ura. W, E. Dodge. 

Santiaoo : the capital of Chili, laa miles southeast of Valparaiso, with which it has 
railniad connection; population, ioa,ocio ; laboreis— Ber. Messrs. J. II. Allis, W. H. 
Lester, Jr., S. J. Christea, J. C. Wilson, and their wives; Rev. Frandica Die%; one 
boEDliate. Six outstatioos, including Linarw, where there Is an orgTUiind dundi. 

Ik tiis eeaiUry : Rev. and Uts. J. H. AlUs. 

COHCEPCIOS : near the coast, about 300 miles south of Valnrusa, connected with San- 
tiago bjr railroad; population, 30,000; taborers— Rev. and Urs. W. B. Bocmer; Rtp. 
FraHCisco JnrgHtra. Eight outstatkms. 

CoptAFO ; about 400 miles north of Valparaiso ; population, is,odo ; labocen — Rev, 
and Hn. W. H. Robinson. Six otmtatian*. 

The Civil War, which has been raging in Chili since January of this 
year, had so seriously interrupted travel as to render impossible the 
holding of the annual meeting of this mission, and the preparation 
and forwarding of the usual reports. The statement here submitted 
is therefore based upon the correspondence of part of the year, sup- 
plemented by information from Mr. Allis, who is at present in this 
country on leave of absence. The political significance of the con- 
flict, or the merits of the questions involved, do not concern the Pres- 
byterian Church, save as they beAr on the building up of Chrises 
kingdom in that republic. We cannot but hope that the upheaval 
will be overruled to the more efTectual breaking of the fetters of Ro- 
manism, and the dissemination of Gospel truth. Meanwhile oar 
work feels the general depression consequent upon war. In a recent 
letter Mr. Lester vrrites : " The revolutionary fleet immediately cut 
off the saltpetre deposits and rich clipper mines of the north from 
which the Government draws the greater part of its revenue, and ihe 
commercial bouses the most of their exports. Consequently all busi- 
ness has been stopped in Santiago and Valparaiso, money has become 
scarce and bankruptcies are of frequent occurrence. In these cir- 
cumstances it is impossible to make the collections which are usually 
taken up in the month of January." For a time the religious and 
educational work of the mission must feel the disturbing influence of 

Chili, although small, is by far the most influentia] nation on the 
west coast of South Ameiica, and is regarded by the other republics 
as an example and inspiration. It has a coast line of 2,500 miles 
with a territory of 300,000 square miles, and a population of about 
3,000,000, including 50,000 Auricanian Indians. On the present con- 
dition of the people in Chili a recent issue of the Heraldo, the paper 
published by our mission in Santiago, contains the following ; " All 
thinking men recognize that we are in an epoch of transformation and 
change, in which the moral and social order suffers deeply. Religion, 
politics, society — everything in the social organism, is aJETected by an 
evil which grows constantly worse, and in regard to which there seems 
to be no remedy. The ancient beliefs have lost their force in the 
minds and hearts of the upper classes of society. These upper classes 

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are under the yoke of a sterile and petrified traditionaliam. Unfor- 
tnoately Dothing takes the place of this departed faith but a blind 
unbelief, or a sad and degrading materialism. With an enormous in- 
crease of public wealth, there has been introduced disorder and dis- 
honesty in finances ; the electoral contests of fraud and abuse. Al- 
though there exist most complete and suitable laws, they are only 
laws on paper. Family ties are weak and relaxed. Parental authority 
is exercised less and less. To-day a boy of fifteen years will scarcely 
submit to the guidance of his parents, and frequently he indulges in 
the practice and follies of a man of the world. This generation ad- 
vances in its knowledge of science and letters, but in regard to the 
majority, there is no teaching by which the heart is trained — nothing 
of Ihe knowledge and fear of God. The prevailing philosophy follows 
the motto quoted by the apostle : ' Let us eat and drink, for to-mor- 
row we die.' So the thirst for pleasure is insatiable ; the anxiety to 
get money with which to minister to these pleasures is a hot fever." 

Valparaiso Station. 

The Union Church of this city, composed of English-speaking peo- 
ple, coDlinues to co-operate with our mission through its pastor, the 
Rev. W. E^ Dodge, and through some of its active members. Mr. 
Dodge, who for some time past has been suffering with his eyes, was 
compelled to return to the United States for treatment, the church 
meanwhile being supplied by a minister from Scotland. The Spanish 
Church is stilt under the care of Mr. Garvin. The latest information 
is that 12 had been received on confession of faith since January, 
1890 ; that the Sabbath- school had an average attendance of 96, and 
the weekly prayer- meeting an average attendance of 50. In July 
Mr. Garvin reported that services had been maintained at sev- 
eral ODtstations by Mr. Castro and Mr, Moran. At Vina del Mar 
these services were held in a private house. Four of the members re- 
ceived into the fellowship of the church at Valparaiso were from this 
place. At Quillota, the attendance at the Sabbath-evening and Sab- 
bath-school services conducted by Mr. Cortez had fallen off, but more 
recently through the personal efforts of Mr. Garvin there had been a 
marked improvement. At the latest writing two persons were appli- 
cants for membership. At £1 Melon, Seflor Pedro Moysan, in whose 
house religious services have been maintained, has, without charge to 
the mission, had from 15 to iS children under YHi instruction, teach- 
ing them the rudimentary branches of education, the Scriptures and 
catechism. He has also maintained daily worship, which has been at- 
tended by many of the neighbors. 

Concerning the Escuela Popular, a day-school for boys and girls, 
Mr. Garvin writes: "It is prosperous, and continues more and more 
efScient in its educational results and moral influence as well as con- 
tribating more largely to the Sabbath-school than heretofore." Two 
faondrea and fifty were in attendance, and some 30 were enrolled as 
applicants for whom there was no room. Because of the cramped con- 
dirion of the quarters now occupied, and the character of the loca- 
tioD, an earnest plea is made for better accommodations. 

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The ShelUring Home, which furnishes protection and Chnstian 
training to or[riians, is supported largely by the Christian people 
of Valparaiso, the immediate oversight being in the hands of Mr. 
Castro of our mission. When last heard from the institution was 
doing well. Mr. Garvin, as Secretary of the Valparaiso Bible Society, 
ha^ rendered effective service in connection with this organization in 
the distribution of the Spanish Bible throughout the republic 

At ConsHtucian, which is now included in the Valparaiso district, 
over which Mr. Garvin has the general supervision, the work has con- 
tinued under the immediate care of Mr. Bercovitz. It has consisted 
chiefly in the conducting of a school fur boys and girls with an Segre- 
gate attendance of 43. Mr. Bercovitz reports the opening of two 
rival schools by nuns, and persistent efforts on the part of the priests 
to induce the parents of children attending our school to withdraw 
them. Notwithstanding this the school has had the most prosperous 
year in its history, both as to the number in attendance and the 
amount received for tuition. Mr. Bercovitz adds : " More religious 
interest has been manifested this year among the children and their 
parents than formerly. Many of them have bou^t, or received from 
their parents, copies of the New Testament, and it was pleasant to 
see how glad these gifts made the little ones. Many of them have 
committed a verse from the Scriptures each day, and some have given 
proof of understanding what they have learned." Although Mr. Ber- 
covitz has been employed simply as teacher by the mission, being an 
ordained minister, and no other one being available for the work, he 
has also looked a/ter the church during the year. This church is but 
a feeble band, and greatly needs to be strei^thened. 

Santiago Station. 
The agitation which preceded hostilities, and the subsequent out- 
break of the war, were necessarily felt keenly at the capital, and 
could not fail to operate against the work of our mission. The earlier 
months of the year, however, were not without marked signs of pro- 
gress. Concerning these Mr, Allis writes ; " The loss of our church 
building by fire two years since, was a heavy blow to the little congre- 
gation, but last December the new edifice was duly dedicated, and 
under the efforts of Rev. Mr. Lester, aided most effectively by Rev. 
Antonio Diaz, a Spanish pastor whom the mission engaged, the church 
has aheady come back to its former attendance, and is now making 
greater progress than ever. The Sunday-school, Mrs. Lester aiding 
effectively m the infant class, is sharing in the prosperity, and every- 
thing looks toward greater growth than before. Owing to the bur- 
dens connected with building, and the absence of some of the mission- 
aries in the United States, there has not been as much work in the 
southern preaching-places connected with this station as was desired, 
but it is expected that a new year will open larger possibilities in 
this direction." The Union Church of Santiago, composed of English- 
speaking people, called during the year Rev. Jesse C. Wilson, a 
^aduate of McCormick Theological Seminary, a well-qualified man, 
who had been selected by the Board for this work. The church is 

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Steadily growing as the number of English-speaking people increases 
in the capital. The Board continues to pay part of the salary of its 
pastor, not only because of the service which he renders in the 
Spani^ work, but also because of the influence of the church, direct 
and indirect, upon our mission work proper. The church, which occu- 
pies the same building with our Chilian congregation, contributed very 
handsomely toward the erection of the edifice referred to above. 

Notwithstanding the disturbing influence of the last few months of 
the school year, a recent letter reports that the InstiluU Iniernacional 
had enjoyed quite a prosperous year. One hundred and sixty pupils 
were in attendance, of whom fifty were boarders. This number is quite 
up to the capacity of the school with its present quarters. He demand 
for a new building for this important institution becomes more impera- 
tive every day, as the Government demands for better accommoda* 
tion are likely to be pressed, to say nothing of the opening of rival 
sdiools, which threaten to rob the Institute of part of its patronage. 
On recommendation of the mission, and by the authority of the Board, 
Mr. Allis has been engaged during the past year in endeavoring to 
raise funds with which to erect a suitable building on a site which the 
Board has already purchased. He has made substantial progress in 
this direction, but has fellen short of meeting with the encouragement 
which the exigency demands. The Board will authorize the erection 
of a part of the structure as soon as sufficient funds have been secured 
to make this possible. The examination of the students held in the 
presence of the University's commissioners was most satisfactory, re- 
flecting ^eat credit upon the fidelity and efficiency of the Faculty. 
Concerning the result of the moral and religious training given in the 
school, Hr. Christen, the Superintendent, writes : " I have repeatedly 
received thanks from parents for the seriousness of character whtch has 
been imparted to the pupils of this school. This means much in coun- 
tries like Chili, where men of character and of a serious stamp are so 
seldom to be found. One gentleman writes : ' If yon merit the warm- 
est thanks of all parents who have entrusted you vrich their children, 
I especially must confess that I owe you a debt of gratitude for what 
you have done for my son in forming his character.' One of the lads from 
Bolivia, after returning home wrote me that ' the religious intolerance 
and fanaticism of his country people till him with sadness and dis- 
gust.' Another from the same republic asks, ' Can't you send a mis- 
sionary to bring us the truth of the Gospel, there is so much darkness 
here p ' " Mrs. Christen has rendered important service as matron of 
the school in looking after the home life of the boys. The institution 
is already lai^ely self-supporting, and it is believed would become so 
entirely were it in possession of a suitable building, and thus be re- 
lieved of the biwden of rent which draws so heavily upon its resources. 
The importance of this school in educating, under Protestant influ- 
ence, the young men of the Republic, many of whom will be leaders 
in the various walks of life, cannot be overestimated. Moreover, in 
this enterprise lies the hope of raising up a native ministry. Quite a 
number of cases of scarlet fever occurred in the school during the 
year, but, thanks to a kind Providence, none of the pupils fell victims 
to the disease. 

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The death of Mr, Archibald F. Troop, a teacher in the school, is greatly 
to be lamented. Mr. Troop was a native of Canada, and went out 
OD invitation of the Board as a Christian teacher, with a trve missionary 
spirit. He died of small-pox, after a very brief illness. 

The theological department, or class, connected with this institution, 
has had several young men under instruction during the year. 

The preparation and distribution of literature has been necessarily 
crippled by the condition of affairs in the country. The Heraldo, 
however, the religious paper published by the mission, has been regu- 
larly issued, 3,500 copies of it being sent out every two weeks, and grati- 
fying evidences of its value have been received from time to time. Mr, 
Boomer, with the assistance of Mn. Boomer, has completed the work on 
the new hymn-book with music ; a most valuable addition to the equip- 
ment for religious services in Chili. A book entitled " El Devocion- 
ario," an aid to spiritual culture, has also been issued. 

Cofiapo Station. 

This station, which continues under the care of Mr. and Mrs. Rob- 
inson, assisted by a young licentiate, has not been heard from for 
several months. The latest intelligence reported Mr. Robinson as 
preachihg part of the time in English, the English-speaking people in 
their turn co-operating with him and the Chilian pastor in various 
forms of Christian effort, and also in meeting part of the expense of 
the station. Mrs. Robinson, with such assistance as was available, 
has continued the school opened some time since. An earnest plea 
has been repeatedly made for expanding this sdiool enterprise into 
one similar to the Escuela Popular of Valparaiso. 

Coneepcion EttUton. 

Jn addition to his work on the hymn-book, referred to above, 
Mr. Boomer has continued to give instruction to a theological student, 
and to take part in evangelistic work. He has visited Linares, Tal- 
cahauno, and CoroneL At Linares one inquirer was found who 
expressed a great desire to confess Christ, notwithstanding the opposi- 
tion of the priest to whom he had been accustomed to make confes- 
sion. In Talcahauno service has been held monthly in the school- 
room occupied by Miss Crosby, and has been largely attended. Con- 
cerning the meeting there in July, which was more than usually large 
and interesting, Mr. Boomer writes ; " This was very surprising when 
it is remembered that the priest had done everything to incite the 
lower classes against Miss Crosby's school, and had preached against 
Protestantism, to say nothing of the fact that the meeting was held 
during the troublous times of political and labor agitations." One 
great difficulty experienced in prosecuting this work is that of securing 
suitable rooms in which to hold services. Even our little church in 
I^inares has no chapel, but is compelled to go from place to place 
according as some shelter can be rented. . The church at Concepcitm 
continues under the pastoral chaise of Rev, Mr, Jorquera. Unhappily 
since the breaking out of the dvil war, he has been compelled to wittt- 

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draw temporarily from public notice, but whether as a mere precau- 
tionaiy measure, because of suspicion on the part of the authorities, 
or because of active participation in the political contest, does not 
appear. For a time after ^e withdrawal of the pastor it was not 
deemed wise to hold any public service, but Mr. Boomer finally re- 
opened the church, and has been conducting services in Spanish since 
then. During the earlier months of the year two persons had been 
received on confession of faith, and four others were applying for ad- 
mission to the sealing ordinances. 


Ordained ni[Mionarles(oae in English) S 

Married lad; missiooaries 3 

Ordained natives 3 

Licentiate - I 

Native helpers, male 3 

Native helpeis, female 5 

Number of churches,. 6 

Communicants 157 

Added during the year 33 

Boys in boarding-school 50 

Pupils in day-Echools 393 

Total numtter of schools S 

Total number of pupils 443 

Pupils in Sabbath-schools 315 

Contributions (990 

* The repocts from the mlsskm wen finally receiicd, but too 
late to be of service in the preparation of the Annual Repoit. 
The above statistical table, faowem-, ia inserted as recetvied, 
aJUioueb somewhat inconiidete. 

HisaJon li the Repablio of Colombia. 

BOOOTA : the capital of the country ; sittiated on an elevated plain ; 4° north latitude ; 
e ; population about 93,000 ; elevation about goo feet ; occupied as a 
, 1856 ; missioitaiT laborers — Rev. and Uia. U. E. Caldvell, Rev and 
; Uiss Elizabeth Cohill ; nine native teachers and helpers. 

^_ I (Bar-ran-keel-va) : near the northern seacoast at the mouth of the 

Hagdalena River; ia° N.; papuixtum, 30,000; occupied as a station in May, 1888; mis- 
iioaaiies_Rev. nnd Uts. T. H, Candor, and Rev. T. S. Pond ; three native teachers and 

IfSDELLilT : population, 50,000 ; occupied October, 1889 ; situated on tableland at an 
eleiation of 5,txio feet, between the two great riven Uagdalena and Canda, ten days 
notth of Bogota ; missionaries — Rev. and Uis. J. G, Totuesm ; one native helper. 

InHUeanntry: Mrs. T. S. Pond. 

Owing to the limited force at Bogota, the past year has been a 
bnsy one, with many duties crowding upon the few in charge of the 
work. Mr. Caldwell aud Mr. Miles are the only ordained mission- 
aries, and Mr. Miles is a new-comer. The results of the year, how- 
ever, have been encouraging. A new school property has been pur- 
chased ; the boys' school has made an encouraging beginning ; two 
students for the ministry are under instruction ; the church and prayer- 
meeting services have been maintained and well attended ; and occa- 
lional evangelistic work has been done in the towns near Bogota. 

Mis. A. K. Uiles 
BARBAnQDiLi.A (Bai-ran-keel-va) 

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Mr.Caldwell writes that one encouraging Teature of their services is the 
laige attendance of women. The women of Colotnbia are more fanat- 
ical as a rule than the men, and are more persecuted for any change 
in their religious belief. A decided and rapid change in this respect 
has, however, taken place during the past four or five years, and in can* 
sequence the women have added very much to the general constancy 
which has marked the church, as well as to the religious fervor and 
leal of the Protestant community. There have been twentynane added 
to the church during the year, making a total membership of one hun- 
dred and six. Two missionary tours have been made, during which 
a great many portions of the Bible were sold, as welt as tracts and re- 
ligious books. This seed-sowing will bring forth its harvest in due 

Edueatwnal Work. — The new school for boys was opened in Feb- 
ruary of 1890, and has been a success from the beginning. Seventy- 
four pupils were enrolled during the year in the school, not including 
the theological students. The Bible has been taught daily, and many 
portions of it committed to memory. Mr. Caldwell writes : " The 
fundamental truths of the Bible have been constantly explained, illus- 
trated, and pressed upon the attention of the pupils. A more inter- 
esting congregation it would be difficult to find than these bright 
Colombian boys, full of questions, and often manifesting surprise 
and asfonishment on first hearing the truths so common to the boys 
and girls of Christian lands. One of the best native teachers in Bogota 
has been secured to teach in the school, and although not a professed 
Christian, he is in hearty sympathy with the mission. The school 
work is an absolutely necessary auxiliary to evangelistic efforts. With- 
out our efforts for education there would be lacking the basis for 
strong Christian character, happy Christian families, intelligent and 
faithfiil native helpers, and an effective native ministiy." The school 
property recently bought consists of a new two-stoiy structure, well 
built, and adapted for its purpose. It must, however, undergo a few 
changes before the school can open in its new quarters. The theo- 
logical students have been invaluable helpers in the school and other 
mission work, and have given great aid in the Sabbath -school and 
church services. Mr. Caldwell writes : " "fhis department is a very 
important addition to our work, and is indispensable to any perma- 
nent success or great extension of the Gospel in Colombia. Our new 
departure in the education of the boys of Colombia opens up for us a 
bright future." 

Miss Franks was compelled to leave Bogota in the spring of 1890, 
and for this reason the boarding department of the girls' school bad to 
be abandoned, many of the pupils very reluctantly entering other 
schools. As a result the school was reduced to a very small day- 
school, which has had an attendance of thirty-two. 

In August, 1890, Mr. and Mrs. Caldwell welcomed to the mission 
circle Rev. and Mrs. A. R, Miles and Miss Elizabeth CahilL 

This city is the most important commercial centre of the Republic, 
and has in use many of die modem improvements, such as railways, 

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D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


street cars, telephones, etc. It was first opened as a tnis^on station 
in May, 1888, by Rev. and Mrs. T. H, Candor. Mr. Candor writes : 
" While the influx of foreign ideas tends toward tolerance, yet it also 
brings with it modem vices, infidelity, and indifference to all religion. 
Still these changes lead the people to ask about our work and to seek 
to know more of our teachings." 

The Girli School. — This school was opened by Mrs. Candor in 
July, 1888, for the purpose of giving instruction to the daughters of 
a few foreigners. Soon others came, Colombians, asking to be ad- 
mitted, and during the past year there have been forty pupils enrolled, 
the greater number of whom pay a small tuition fee. This income 
has been suflicient to meet the running expenses of the school, and 
in part the salaries of the native teachers. The school was held in 
Mr. Candor's house until May i, 1890. At that date Mrs. Ladd 
took the direct oversight of the school, and it was transferred to her 

Orphanage and Charity School. — The poorer people of Barranquilla 
are sadly neglected, and are greatly in need of schools. For one- 
third of the population there may be said to be schools, but the 
other two-thirds are very ignorant with no chance to Icam even 
their letters, and very poor. Mr. Candor writes : "When we took 
two little waifs into our house and placed them under the care of 
our little daughter's nurse the ' orphanage ' was begun. It has grown 
as the means at our disposal would allow. In addition to those 
that reside in the house, day pupils are received, the majority of 
whom pay the nominal tuition fee. In this way the school that 
opened with two little girls has grown in numbers until now there 
are thirty- five names enrolled." 

For many years past Mr. Erwin has had a small school with an 
attendance of about twenty pupils. Mr. Erwin is a lay teacher who 
was sent to this place some nineteen years ago as a missionary, under 
the care of the Southern Presbyterian Church, and who, entirely un- 
aided for many years by any missionary society, has had a school 
for boys, which has been a centre of Christian influence. During 
the past year he has had an attendance of thirty boys and young 
men, and ten girls. Mr. Erwin makes his school a fountain of evan- 
gelical truth, and consequently has met with much opposition from 
the priests. 

Evangelistic Work- — The first church organization of Barranquilla 
was effected in January, 1890. Since that date there have been 
nineteen applications for membership, but nine only were received. 
The others, however, have been placed under instruction, and will, 
we hope, many of them become true Christians. Two services dur- 
ing the week have been maintained in this church. 

Some efforts have been made to visit and hold services in places 
that have never been visited by a minister of the Gospel. Little, 
however, has been done in this line, from the fact that there has 
been but one missionary in the city of Barranquilla. Rev, T. S. 
Pond arrived last January in Barranquilla, and Mr. Candor writes : 
" With the arrival of our co-worker, and the development of our na- 
tive helpers, we may hope for an advance in the evangelistic line." 



Two Sabbath-schools have been sustained by the church, with an 
attendance varying from forty to one hundred. 


This important interior city was occupied for the first time in Oc- 
tober, 1889, by Rev. and Mrs. J. G. Touzeau. It is the second city 
of Colombia in importance and in population. It contains a Gov- 
ernment mint, and is the centre of a lai^e mining region- Regular 
preaching services have been held on Sundays and Wednesdays 
during the year, as well as a Sunday-school during the greater part 
of the year. .The attendance has been small. Mr. Touzeau writes: 
"The people are afraid to disobey the priests from fear of annoy- 
ance in their domestic, social, or business relations. Popular opin- 
ion is strong against us, and the clergy and other fanatics know how 
to foster that feeling. Several, after attending services regularly for 
some time, have succumbed to influences brought to bear on them 
bjr family and friends- One man said that the moment he identified 
himself with Protestantism he would have to leave home. Yet many 
are interested; some think our work beneficial to the country; 
number? by word and manner show their interest, but fear holds 
them back." 

Evangelistic. — Four evangelistic tours have been made by Mr. 
Touzeau during the year. Notwithstanding the circulation by the 
priests of a pamphlet, forbidding the purchase or reading of printed 
matter distributed by him, books and tracts were readily purchased 
by the people. During the year nearly fourteen hundred books and 
tracts have been sold, including fifty-nine copies of the Scriptures, 
and about five thousand tracts have been given away. 

JEdueatioHol, — Mr. Touzeau writes that their school work is not 
encouraging. A school was organized during the year with an 
attendance of eighteen pupils ; but this number soon diminished, 
the influence of the priests being greater than any the missionaries 
could exert. 

Statistics of Colombia Mission, 

Ordained missioiuries 5 

SiDjfc ladr mbthMMir I 

Mamed lady mfarionaricB . . 
Native udi' " ■ ■ -^ 

Added duiins the Tcsr 30 

Bon in daT-^cbotdl ij5 

GM> in dw^dioali 86 

Total mmber in scbooli m 

Number of Kboob 5 

Students FotmiDistiT 3 

Pni^ in Sabbath-siJicKds iij 

CoDlribalioos $iSo 

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Beirut: Rct. Messrs. C V. A. Vao Djii, D.D., M.D., L.H.D,, H. H. Jeaop, 
D.D., Wm. W. Eddr, D.D., James 5. Deuib, D.D., Samuel Jessup, D.D., and their 
wives ; Mrs. GenOd F. Dale, lUn E. D. Everett, 1U» EmiliB Tbomsan, and Hiss Alice 
S. Baiber. 

Abeih : Rev. Uesns. Wm. Kid and O. J. Haidim, and their wives ; Misi Emily G. 

Tripoli ; Rev. Messrs. F. W. March and Wm. 5. NelHm, and tlieir wires ; Ira 
Hairis, M.D.,and Mn. Harris; Miss Huiiet La Grange, Mus M. C. Hidmcs, and 
Miss Mary T. MaxweU Ford. 

Zableh ; Rev. Messrs. Frank E. Hosldns and Wm. Jesup, and their wives. 

In Ikis coMHtry ; Rev. Messrs. Wm. W. Eddy, D.D., and Samuel Jessup, D.D., and 

Faculty and Inslruciert ef til Syrutn Prsttttent CaUegi ■ Rev. D. Bliss, D.D., 
President; Rev. G. E. Post, M. A., H.D., D.D.S., Rev. Harvej Porter, B.A-, Robert 
H, West, M.A., FranUin C. Wells, M.D., Hairis Graham, B.A., M.D., Fmlerfck S. 

E. Day, B.A., Najib H. Salibi, B.A., Francii Sufair, John C, Bucher, B.A., A. Cha. 
morel, B.A., Labib B. Jureidioi, B.A. 

The Syria Mission represents the Presbyterian Church of America 
in her efforts to restore Christianity to the home of its birth ; to cany 
the Gospel to the Arabic-speaking races ; to give to oriental Chris- 
tians a spiritual faith and one Mediator, and to open to Mohammedans 
the door of salvation through a crucified Saviour. 

Slow but constant progress has characterized their work during 
the year. 

The Ottoman Government has at length relaxed somewhat of its 
hostility to missionary operations, and has given pcnnission to the 
long-closed schools to reopen their doors, and to the suppressed 
Neshra (the Arabic newspaper) to resume its issues. 

Cholera threatened the whole of Syria, and invaded part of its ter- 
ritory, but the missionaries and their co-workers were spared, and their 
work was not seriously interrupted. 

The mission has written a letter to the Board, Strongly urging the 
occupying of Aleppo as one of their stations, on the ground of its be- 
ing a great city of 120,00a inhabitants, speaking the Arabic language, 
and being without a missionary. 

The wants of the mission are — first, the manifested presence and 
power of the Spirit ; secondly, religious liberty, that Moslems may, 
without danger to property or to life, inquire after the truth, and fol- 
low their convictions ; and thirdly, greater financial resources to en- 
able them to meet the pressing demands of a living, growing work. 

_y Google 



On May 35th the Beirut church voted unanimously to call a native 
pastor, and on Jane 39th they with equal unanimity extended a call 
to Rev. Yuseef Bedr, which call was accepted, and on Sunday, July 
fitii, he was duly installed, Drs. Van Dyck and Rev. H, H, Jessup 
and Deacon Selim Kessab conducting the exercises. The new pas- 
tor has proved to be acceptable to tne people, and it is confidently 
hoped that his ministrations may be of long continuance and abundant 

Twenty-three persons have been added to the church on profession 
of their bith. 

The various congregations and Sunday -schools, held in different 
parts of the city, have continued about the same as in the previous 
year and so have the women's meetings also, conducted by the ladies 
of the mission, and the neighborhood meetings conducted by the 
Syrian Protestant women. The average congregations number about 
900 attendants. In out Sabbath- schools are about 700 scholars. The 
women's meetings gather about 100 women. 

A piece of property adjoining the Female Seminary has been pur- 
chased for its use, thus securing the Seminaiy from encroachment, and 
acquiring premises of great fiiture value to the institution. 

Extensive repairs and improvements have been made to the press 
buildings, rendering them far more convenient for the expanding 
work of the press. In an upper room of the building now occupied 
by the Female Seminary, which was formerly occupied by the press, 
was recently placed a memorial tablet, bearing the following inscrip- 
tion : " In this room the translation of the Bible into the Arabic lan- 
guage was begun by Eli Smith, D.D., in 1848, and prosecuted by him 
until his death, January 11, 1857. It was then taken up by C. V. A. 
Van Dyck, M.D., D.D., L.H.D., October, 1857, and completed by 
him August 33, 1865." 

Dr. Eddy had made considerable progress on his Commentary on 
the Acts before leaving for the United States. Dr, Post, to whom 
was committed the work of preparing a Bible Dictionary in Arabic, 
reports that about half the work of preparation and translation has 
been completed, and that the first volume will soon be put to press. 
Near the close of the year a consignment of Arabic books, tracts, and 
papers was sent, by request, to the agency of the American Tract 
Society in Chicago, for the use of the Arabic Sunday-school in that 
dty, under the care of Miss Fanny Cundall, formerly connected with 
the Tripoli Girls' Boarding- school. There are about 600 Syrians now 
in Chicago, and it is believed that their number will be largely 
increased at the time of the Great Exposition in 1893, and it is 
desirable that they should be provided with Arabic Scriptures and 
with odier religious books. It was never dreamed, in the early his- 
tory of the Syna Mission, that in 1890 there would be enough Syrians 
in a western American dty to call for the shipment of Arabic books 
from Syria to America to meet their wants. 

The TTuolegUfU Seminary numbers a class of seven members, which 

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has pursued its studies faithfully and successfully, and is expected to 
graduate in June, 1891. 

The Beirut Female Seminary. — -This institution has numbered a total 
of 113 pupils, of whom 61 were boarders. There were 14 day scholars, 
who studied with the boarders, and 38 scholars in the outer day- 
schooL The following sects have been represented in the boarding 
department : Greeks, 34 ; Protestants, 35 ; Greek Catholics^ 10 ; Ar- 
menians, 3 ; Jews, 1 ; Moslems, i. Those from oulside Beirut came 
from Cairo, Alexandria, Gaza, Jaffa, Acre, Tripoli, Cyprus, and Mar- 
dio. The graduating class numbered 8, of whom 6 arc church mem- 
bers. " We hope that one of the two others is a true Christian. The 
other is a Jewess. Oue of our senior class and two former pupils 
united with the church. Thirty of our girls have been engaged in 
teaching during the year, in this country and in Egypt, and more were 
called for than could be supplied. During the year 175 letters were 
written in connection with our work; 8* travellers were shown about 
our building; 500 calls were made upon native families, and 15 vil- 
lages were visited, in 10 of which were pupils of our schools; gofoui 
girls were married during the year, and a tenth, after a short illness, 
was buried on what was to have been her wedding-day." 

7^ Syrian Protestant Q>lUge.-^1\ie number of professors and 
instructors in the college is 18—13 foreigners and 5 Syrians — the 
whole number of pupils is 199 ; of these loi arc in the preparatory 
department, 57 in the collegiate, and 41 in the medical 

Report of the Printing Press for 1 890. 

The whole number of pages printed is 23,746,403 ; of these the 
pages of Scripture are 17,409,900, and of tracts 1,583,800; the num- 
ber of volumes printed is 76,700, of which the number of volumes of 
Scripture is 31,200. Forty-eight new tracts have been printed, and 
six reprinted. The whole number of Arabic books now on the cat- 
alogue is 461. During the year there have been cast and exported to 
Singapore several fonts of Malay type for the British and Foreign 
Bible Society and the Methodist Mission, that type bdng similar to 
the Arabic type, with only the addition or modi^cation of a few let- 
ters. The mission has also begun printing a book in Persian for use 
in the Persian mission, and has also printed a leaflet in the Suwahili 
language of Eastern Africa, using the Arabic character. 

The Neshra Journal. 

On the fith of January, 1890, a telegram came from Constantinople 
to the Wall of Beirut to suppress, temporarily, the weekly Neshra, on 
account of its having printed an obnoxious telegram. "It was 
proved that this telegram had been approved by the Government 
censor, and published in five other journals in the city, l^en it was 
asserted that the paper had no firman, and could not go on until it 
hail obtained one. We therefore proceeded to take die necessary 

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D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


steps. On February ist bonds were given that the Neshra would 
obey the laws of the empire. Then the children's paper, a monthly 
journal, the Koukab, was also suppressed. February 3d a petition 
was presented for the resumption of the two journals. At length, 
after most wearisome delays, on September 6th the imperial decree 
reached Beirut authorizing the resumption of the Ntshra, but none 
has yet come for the Koukai, though earnestly applied for. The de- 
cree forbade the publishing in the Neshra of any local or foreign 
news(l) and any animadverting upon the existing religions of the em- 
pire. The first thought was to abandon the journal rather than to 
submit to such humiliating conditions, but at length it was decided to 
go on, and the journal was resumed on January i, 1891." 

Sidon Slatiott. 

The station gratefully records its exemption from death, prostration, 
and removal. Rev. G. A. Ford, with the permission of the mission, 
made a visit to Switzerland at his own expense, in July. He spent 
seven weeks also in Constantinople in behalf of mission interests. 

The station was reinforced by the transfer of Rev, and Mrs. W. S. 
Watson from the Zahleh station to this. The size of the Sidon field, 
the many and varied duties involved in the care of its eleven churches, 
two large boarding-schools, and many day-schools, together with the 
literary work, laid by the mission upon the members of the station, 
make the presence of a third missionary an imperative necessity. 

Mission Work. — The regular work of the station has not varied materi- 
ally from that of last year. On account of the retrenchment ordered 
six schools have been closed ; a girls' school in Jezzeen, a boys' school 
in Jedaideh, and another in Kefeir, and mixed schools in Maamariyeh 
and Blaat. That in Blaat has been reopened at the expense of Mrs. 
Geo. Wood, of New York. At Jezzeen the two schools had reached 
last summer the number of loz pupils, when the visit of the Maronite 
bishop and his interdict reduced their number to 4. Since his depart- 
ure the children have commenced to return. In Shibaa, high up on 
Mt, Hermon, the moderate fees required broke up the school; but 
when it starts again with fees it will doubtless be better than before. 
The adults have profited by the greater leisure of the teacher for 
spiritual work. The Druses of Batir, a beautiful village of Mt, I^ba- 
non, offered 1,000 piastres ($40) toward the salary of a teacher, and 
a Druse convert has been sent, who is teaching a Gospel school there 
with 70 Druse pupils. The school is held in the fine Druse place of 
worship, and a recent examination showed that those walls were daily 
resounding with Scripture recitations and Christian hymns. 

Perhaps the brightest spot in our stations is Khiyam, which for 
several years has been the most barren of alL Through the blessing 
of God upon the labors of the native preacher, the church is revived, 
backsliders have been won back, the candidates for communion are 
more numerous than they have been for at least ten years, and the 
school is for the first time prosperous. 

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Cloied Schools Reopened. — Signal among the mercies of the year 
has been the reopeniog of the schools in Mejdel and Ain-Kunyeh, 
after more than six years of struggle and privation. These schools are 
in the region of Hauran, where the Government has reason (o be 
doubly strict, and from whence the English and Jesuit schools have 
been expelled. During all these six years Government officials have 
insisted upon the impossibility that they should be reopened. 

Several efforts have been made in their behalf by two preceding 
Ambassadors, but in vain. Despite all these discouragements the case 
of these schools was taken up heartily by the present U. S. Ambassa- 
dor, and a hearing vas graciously granted by the Grand Vizier, 
Kamil Pacha, to Rev. Mr. Ford, of Sidon, while urging their claims. 
After his excellency had sent several telegrams to the Wall of 
Damascus, first inquiring, then giving qualified orders to open the 
closed schools, he finally overruled all objections and remonstrances 
and ordered their unconditional reopening. We may well magnify the 
goodness of God in giving such an answer to long-continued prayer. 
Both schools have now been resumed. Not only are the poor people 
of those vill^es very happy, but their joy is shu^d in by the people 
<A the surrounding country, who have sympathized with them in their 
years of loss and trouble. 

Kanah. — After violent opposition by the Roman Catholics of Kanah 
ai>d the obstruction of the local' government, a wall has been built 
about the church premises in this village, thus securing the property 
firom encroachment and the worship from molestation. 

Summer Home for the Ladies of the Female Seminary. — Upon the 

g'tW school-building, built year before last in Jedaideh, was erected 
St year a second story, to be the summer home of the ladies of the 
Sidon Seminary; the Woman's Board of Philadelphia having kindly 
ftiniished $r,5oo for that purpose. 

Siatis/ies. — Forty-seven native helpers have aided in the work of the 
yearj 28 members have been added to the churches, while 33 preaching- 
places have gathered congregations of 1,500, and 16 Sunday-schoob 
have instructed 900 children ; 24 common schools have gathered 1,300 
pupils; the Feniale Seminary 45 boarding scholars, and the academy 

Report of the Sidon Female Seminary. — The closing months of 
1890 were occupied with the usual lessons and duties. An impetus 
ivas given to the needle and fancy work by the knowledge that the 
articles made were to be sold for the benefit of the Lord's work in 
Other lands. The sale of these articles in Beirut and Sidon pro- 
duced $j6. 

The lower story of the new Jedaideh home being finished, it was 
occupied during most oi the summer by the two ladies of the Semi- 
nary, and proved not only a delightful resting-place, but also a 
rallying-point for teachers and villagers, Thursday afternoon meet- 
ings were held for the women, and Sunday evenings were devoted to 

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sJDging and prayer. " In the simng vacation several of the villages in 
the Sidon field were visited, and a number of the pupils called upon in 
their homes. In the summer we were able to visit more villages, io 
several of which old pupils of the Seminaiy were teaching. When the 
Seminary reopened in October we missed some familiar faces, and 
welcomed 15 new scholars. The boarders now number 45. The 
upper day-school has an average of 20 scholars, and the lower one an 
average of 50, A few days before Christmas, money was collected for 
the annual gift of the &:niinary of 500 oranges for the Kaiserwerth 
orphanage in Beirut. Thanks to the kindness of several societies and 
bands in America, we had presents for all the girls on Christmas eve, 
and as the boys, through the generosity of Mrs. Wood, also received 
gifts, both schools were permitted to rejoice together on this festal 

Throughout the school year meetings for women have been held 
either in the city or in a neighboring village. The meetings for Mo- 
hammedan women called together an average of 30 every Sunday, 
Lately a meeting has been started in the Jewish quarter, with the hope 
that an influence for good may thus be gained over the Jewish woueo 
and girls to induce them to accept Christ and His teachings. 

Ad^ Saiitm. 

The missionaries of this station Apress their gratitude to God for 
the excellent health enjoyed by them all, and for the arrival in Novem- 
ber of Mrs. Hardin to join the station. There has been no marked 
change in the congregations or the Sabbath-schoots. Those taking a 
bold and open stand for the truth by leaving their old churches are 
few. Though convinced oftheerrorsof these churches, they find that in 
spite of their convictions, they are welcome to remain in them, and they 
generally prefer to do so rather than to expose themselves to obloquy, 
social trouble, and various persecutions. The softening of religious 
bigotry has increased the intercourse of the Protestants with the seels 
from which they came out, and this not to their spiritual prepress. 
To this is to be ascribed a lowering of the respect for the sanctity of 
the Sabbath and for a strict adherence to the truth. And further, the 
door is thus opened for intermarriage with those of other sects, which 
proves no better for them than it did for the ancient Israelites. 

Education is as popular as ever. Our schools would be even more 
largely attended but for the numerous schools opened by French gold, 
where everything, even to the books, is supplied gratis. The Dmsea 
pay more readily than others. They are disindined to send their 
children to papal schools, and they know that we give better instruc- 
tion. Applications for new schools have been numerous and urgent, 
but the necessity of curtailment compels the mission to lend a deaf 
ear to all such appeals. 

Among the events of the yey claiming special notice is the death of 
Rev. Khalil Magobgob, pastor of the Am-Zehalta church. For nearly 
40 years he had been a Protestant and a church member. He was 
ordained in 18^6, and did a good work as a pastor during all these 

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succeeding years. The fuoeral was attended by a great concourse of 
people, too great to be gathered in any church, and was therefore con- 
ducted in the open Etlr. "We.could not but recall the time when 
almost single-hiincled he planted the standard of the cross in that 
r^on, and was the object of hatred, excommunication, and perse- 

DHr~U-Komr .—" The large and commodious building which the 
mission had occupied in this place ever since it commenced work here 
iu 1855, was sold in November last to the Greek Catholic bishop, to 
be used for a boarding-school. When the news came that it was 
actually sold, in spite of our elTorts to purchase it, the triumph of the 
Catholics was excessive. The bells of the churches were rung most 
lusCUy, in honor of the event. The children of the bishop's schools 
were given a treat of sweetmeats and a holiday of enjoyment. With 
no loss of time notice was served on us to quit. We have secured 
other quarters- for our schools and religious meetings, which, though 
smaller, are more central. But our expenses for rents and repairs are 

Last August Mrs. Bird and Miss Emily Bird spent a fortnight in 
Deir-il-Komr, visiting the families, attending the examination of the 
schools, and adding the attraction of a portable melodeon to draw 
hearers to the evenbg meetings held by die missionary. Their visit 
was a great encouragement and aid to the Protestants, and their Bible 
readings, given each afternoon, of great benefit to the women. 

Church Work, — The churches in this field are four in number. The 
additions by profession have been nine. The membcr^ip is as fol- 
lows: Suk-it-Ghturb, 151; Abeib, 93; Kefr Shima, 45; Ain-Zehalta, 
31 ; making a total of 321. The preaching- places are. 19; avenge 
congregations, 900; Sabbath-schools, 30; pupils in them, 1,200; the 
common schools are, 42 ; the pupils, 1,900. 

^orkfor Women. — ^The women have been visited oflen in their 
homes by the ladies of the station. Miss Bird has given much of 
her time to this. The weekly meeting on Tuesday afternoon is under 
her charge, and is attended by about 50 women. She has made dur. 
iog the year 30 visits to iz different villages in the Abelh district, in 
seven of which she has held religious meetings and Bible readings. 
The sewing circle has proved a great success, enlisting even some of 
the Druse women. During its short existence of r8 months it has 
raised for benevolent objects $8a. 

Siuei/at. — The place continues to be marked by the peculiar friend- 
liness of citizens, including the priests. Greeks attend the religious 
services in considerable numbers. Last summer a colony moved to 
the seaside, where they lived in tents and booths. They had no 
priest, but our preacher was at hand, and was gladly welcomed every 
Sabbath. The school, under the efficient superintendence of Miss 
Proctor, commands the admiration of all who visit it, natives and 
foreigners, and is a power for good. 

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Suk-il-Ghuri Boy^ School. — The number of boarders in the school 
has been 64, and the number of pupils, induding day scholars, 75. 
Much Bible teaching has been given, besides literary instruction. No 
boy of ordinary capacity can pass two or three years in the school and 
be ignorant of the way of salvation as taught in the Scriptures. A 
good degree of religious interest has prevailed among the boys of the 
advanced class. The Sunday evening Christian Endeavor meeting is 
well sustained by the boys, although the teachers are present and take 
part in the exercises. Jidian, the Bedawy youth, has returned to his 
tribe, and we trust that his Christian training and eicample will not be 
fruitless. Kamil, the Moslem youth, gave abundant testimony to the 
sincerity of his faith as a Christian. His influence and example were 
most excellent, and when he left us for his field of labor in Aden, all 
fell that they had lost a friend. Since the reopening of the school in 
October, 1890, the number of boarding pupils has been 84. Quite a 
number of applicants were refused for lack of room. Indeed the 
present number is excessive, and it almost seems like t. tempting of 
Providence to crowd so many into their present sleeping-rooms. It 
is confidently believed that, with enlarged accommodations, the school 
would speedily become self-supporting, aside from the expense of the 
resident missionary. 

Tripoli Siatim. 

The Tripoli station commences its report for 1890 with special 
thanksgiving to God for His signal mercies to them m sparing their 
lives and those of their native helpers, while the cholera has swept 
over their field and raged with particular violence in three of its 
principal cities and one of its towns. The disease reached Tripoli 
about the first of December, and prevailed there for three months, 
during which time they were always exposed to its attacks, but were 
in mercy preserved, and were enabled to be of great service to the 
people of the city by medical aid, and by assisting to alleviate the 
terrible distress of the poor, who for four months were shut in by a 
rigid governmental quarantine, and not permitted to gather in the 
products of their fields, while for large classes of the population 
their means of support were wholly cut off. Native newspapers 
have warmly acknowledged the valuable and self-denying labors of 
the missionaries. 

In June last Mrs- March and her children sailed for America for 
a visit, and Mr. March followed them in October. 

Tripoli City and the Meena. 

Sabbath services are well attended, and the Sunday-school is 
large and interesting. During the prevalence of the cholera the 
day-schools were suspended. The dispensary service, held daily at 
the Meena, has been well attended, and has often been deeply inter- 

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JVori for Women. — Meetings for the women have been regu- 
larly conducted by the ladies of the station, except when tempo- 
rarily interrupted by the cholera, and these were very encouraging. 
The first meeting in each month was especially a mothers' meeting- 
A sewing-class was also begun. One of the women patiently en- 
dured a beating from her husband after each meeting, as he is a 
bigoted Greek, and had forbidden her to go to the houses of Prot- 
estants, or to receive a Protestant visitor. Her married daughter 
and husband attend our services, and are on the point of uniting 
with us. Almost the only opportunity of reaching the ignorant 
Moslem women with the Gospel is through the dispensary work. 
They come to the dispensary for healing for their bodies, and while 
there hear of Christ and His cure for the soul's diseases. During 
part of the year Mrs. Harris and an educated native girl attended 
the dispensary during the hours of clinic, to talk with the women 
and to read to them from the Bible while they were waiting, and it 
was apparent that here was open a wide door of influence to bring 
the Gospel into contact with a constantly changing audience, of 
which we should not fail to take advantage by organized and sys- 
tematic effort. A Bible-woman should be employed to give herself 
wholly to this work. 

A female medical missionary would have great power for useful- 
ness to bodies and souls which others could not wield. Oriental 
customs and prejudices cut off the Moslem women in great measure 
from all Christianizing influences, except through the one avenue of 
the medical art. A man who is a Christian physician has many op- 
portunities for good ; a woman would have more. Not to speak of 
other advantages which she might have, we will mention one. He 
sees the women at the dispensary and prescribes for them there. 
Here his opportunity for good ceases. Not so with a female physi- 
cian ; she would be gladly welcomed by the women in their homes, 
and the work begun at the dispensary could be carried on most 
hopefully there. 

Tripdi Female Seminary. — The first term of the school year 
passed uneventfully until its close, on July 8th, when a public ex- 
amination was held, which brought credit to the pupils, and won 
golden opinions for the school. After the suinmer vacation was 
over school assembled again in October, with 35 boarding pupils 
and 115 day scholars, making a total of 150 in all the departments. 
" All was going on well with the school until December 8th, when 
the whispered words were uttered, 'Cholera is here,' and brought 
dismay to all hearts. It was a day of clouds, darkness, and storm, 
symbolizing the gloom in our hearts. At the noon recess all the 
day scholars were dismissed, and part of the boarding pupils, leav- 
ing only twenty-three of the number. Necessary preparations were 
made, and then wc shut off all intercourse between ourselves and 
the external world, outside of the mission circle, until the danger 
should be overpast. Dreary days followed, while silence fell over 

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all the city. The streets were deserted ; business was suspended ; 
the tramp of the mules was no more heard, nor the tinkling of their 
bells, nor the shouts of their drivers. Even the builder's hammer 
was dropped. Not once did the disease cross our threshold, so 
safely were we kept, although there were several cases in adjoining 
houses. Our time of seclusion from the world was a time of the 
Spirit's presence aud power. When the week of prayer came the 
pupils were once more permitted to attend the public services, and 
the good work then, and since then, has gone on widening and 
deepening. One of the first fruits of this awakening was the con- 
version of a member of the senior class, who has since been an 
earnest worker, seeking to save others, meeting daily with six other 
Christian girls to pray for their companions. Two of those who 
were subjects of their prayers have been converted. Their new 
theme has been the one subject of all who are old enough to under- 
stand its meaning. School was reopened the 14th of January. 
Last Sabbath was communion day, and two of our girls were re- 
ceived into the church, with six others. Among them was one who 
left school after four years of study, a grief to our hearts. Three 
years passed away, she remaining in her village home, when one day 
a letter came from her saying, ' I am a changed girl.' What all our 
efforts could not accomplish was wrought by a touch of the Spirit of 
God. She stood up to profess her faith in Jesus in the face of the 
opposition of her relatives, who are wealthy and powerfuL" 

'Hamath. — After four years of effort and waiting permission has 
been received from the Government to reopen our school in this 
city, and but for the cholera it would now be open. The opposition 
of the Greeks is as bitter as ever, and the steadfastness of the 
brethren as great as ever. The teacher's wife holds a special meet- 
ing for women every week, which is well attended. The death-rate 
from cholera in the city was fearful, over four thousand dying in 
less than six weeks. Over 90 per cent of those who were attacked 
died. Not one of our church members was taken away, although 
several were very ill. 

Mahardee. — The people of this place are independent and zeal- 
ous, and the Protestants propose to show their independence in a 
very pleasing way to the missionaries, that is, by assuming their own 

Hums. — Here is the largest Protestant community in the Tripoli 
field, and the strongest church, having 75 members. This is the 
twenty-fifth year of its organization. Ten persons have been re- 
ceived into the church during the year. It is said that 3,500 of the 
people have died from the epidemic. Many of our members were 
attacked, but only one of them died, the preacher's wife. Their 
preservation excited the wonder of all. 

The three schools sustained by the mission have continued in 
operation, although the number of the pupils has been lessened t^ 

Digitized by Google 


tbe excelleot schools which the Gieelcs have opened, using books 
printed at our press, and employing teachers educated by us, one of 
whoro is a church member. The church is agitating the question of 
self-support, and the aspect of the question is hopeful. They are 
doing a little missionary work of their own in carrying the Gospet 
to a neighboring village, named Feiruzee, where are Syrian oi 
Jacobite Christians. 

Sa/eeta. — The two large schools in this place have been filled to 
overflowing, so much so that a winnowing process has been ren- 
dered necessary. Three large Sabbath-scbools, the usual preach- 
ing services, and three week-day meetings have been sustained 

Meshta. — We had a flourishing school here, but the Jesuits erected 
a school building and employed an old teacher, whom we had dis- 
charged as unreliable, to teach their school, and we have lost many 
of our pupils. To gain favor with the Greeks, who do not love 
them too well, they gave this teacher 3,000 piastres (about $80) to 
pay to the Greek priests for ofTcring 400 masses- " Pay," said they, 
"five piastres for a mass, and see that they are performed and take 
a receipt." He had the masses all said, and took the priest^ receipt 
for them, paying only 1,200 piastres and pocketing the difference of 
800 piastres as his own profit in the transaction, and refusing to give 
them up Co his employers when requested. One young man, the 
first from this place, has joined the church during the year. The 
girls' school is doing a good work, though its existence -for a time 
was seriously threatened by the opposition of the new Greek 

Kkureibeh. — The land surrounding this village is wretchedly poor ; 
the people are poor, and hitherto have shown little interest in relig- 
ious things, but during the past year God has begun to give us 
the harvest, and the membership of two has increased to that of 

Marmarita. — We have a good school here, taught by a college 
graduate. There has been a large attendance upon his Sabbath 
services. The village priest sometimes attends. A prominent Greek 
effendi has declared himself a Protestant, and this has given Prot- 
estantism a fresh start. A notoriously bad man has been converted, 
and has presented himself for admission to the church. Six have 
joined tbe church during the year. 

Minyara- — This is one of our most promising outstations, marked 
by the extraordinary readiness of the people to receive religious 
truth. They are under the care of a man whose delight it is to study 
and to teach the Bible. Mr. Nelson visited the village, accompa- 
nied by several of the ladies of the mission, and gave the people an 
exhibition of the magic-lantern, which greatly surprised, delighted, 

Digitized by Google 


and instructed them. Interesting religious services were also held, 
and women's meetings. At the communion seivice a man was re- 
ceived into the church. His wife was expected to join also, but was 
prevented by her relatives. He had his head bound up to hide a 
cruel wound given him by his brother-in-law because he would be* 
come a Protestant. 

Educational and evangelistic work has been conducted in other 
places in the plain and in the Mt Lebanon district, but it presents 
few features to distinguish it from the work of former years, except 
that in many places it has been restricted by the epidemic, and by 
the quarantine enforced by the Government 

Presbytery. — Hitherto most of the church members in the Tripoli 
field have been regarded as members of one central church, but this 
year they have been grouped into eight separate churches, namely, 
Tripoli, with 22 members ; Hums, with 75 ; Minyara, with 40 ; Ma- 
hardee, with 39 ; Ammar, with 38 ; Safeeta, with 38 ; Hamath, with 
18, and Beino, with 14- Presbytery was organized in Ammar Sep- 
tember 24th. The representatives from the several churches entered 
into the plan with unanimity and spirit, and seemed to recognize 
the increased responsibility laid upon them. Plans for self-support 
occupied a prominent place in their discussions. We trust that this 
new organization may in time become a mighty power for good in 

Additions to the Church- — Thirty-nine persons have been admitted 
to church membership. This number would doubtless have been 
larger but for the restrictions imposed by the cholera. 

Medical Work. — This work is becoming more and more surgical 
in its nature, particularly in Tripoli and the Meena- The native 
doctors seldom attempt serious operations. This increases the re- 
sponsibilities as well as the labors of the missionary physician. 
The time has now come when a dispensary building is imperatively 
demanded for the prosecution of the medical work. A suitable 
building cannot be hired. If such buildings existed their owners 
would not let them for the treatment of the sick. Only the poorest 
buildings can be rented, subject to conditions most unfavorable to 
the treatment of surgical cases. Every rule now insisted upon in 
the antiseptic treatment of patients must be violated in the damp, 
dark, con^ned quarters to which we are condemned, thus endan- 
gering the lives of patients and physician, and neutralizing much 
of the blessing sought to be bestowed. A building of our own is 
needed also to secure the separation of the men from the women, 
which is indispensable in Oriental lands. It is also needed in order 
that religious work may be conducted under favorable circum- 
stances in connection with the medical work. And still further, it 
is needed to obviate the necessity of frequent changes, to which we 
are exposed in rented buildings. 

Digitized by Google 


Dt. Harris spent eight days of the month of May visiting the 
various villages of the Koora. In May he spent twenty-three days 
touring in the northern part of the field, visiting new places, some 
of which had never before been entered by an American mission- 
ary. During the summer he spent seven weeks itinerating among 
the villages of Mt. Lebanon, north of Tripoli, passing over the 
mountains to the city of Hums. Here he spent ten profitable days. 
Nearly 7,000 cases have been treated by him in the year ; 552 sur- 
gical operations were performed, which represented almost every 
department of surgical treatment- Surely a suitable building should 
be provided for such a work. 

Zahleh Station- 

The climate of Zahleh proving unfavorable to the health of Mrs. 
Watson, Mr. and Mrs. Watson were transferred in October to Sidon. 
Mr. and Mrs. William j essup joined the station December 30th. This, 
we trust, will dose the sad history of bereavement, departures, and 
change, which began in 1886 with the death of the loved and lamented 
Mr. Dale, and has marked every subsequent year until now. 

Preaching Services and Results. — Regular services have been main- 
tained in the station and the 16 outstations, with a slight increase of 
average congregations. About Baalbec, evangelistic work has been 
done in villages where we have no schools. The Bible Society col- 
porteur, Abou Seltm, has visited all the villages of the field, and has 
spent more than half of his time in preaching to Mohammedans. Four 
persons have been received into church membership, one in Zahleh 
and three in Meshgara. 

Bible and Book Distribution. — The sale of Bibles has been steadily 
increasing. The number of books of all kinds disposed of is far above 
that of all preceding years. 

Schools- — "The schools have prospered, in spite of all troubles and 
opposition. In 1S89 there were 25 schools, with 1,138 scholars. In 
1890 there were 1,169 pipi's >n ^3 schools— two schools less, with an 
increase of 31 pupils. A good part of this increase is due to the suc- 
cess of the girls' schools. In Baalbec, the Governor has visited our 
school several times to see if we had any Moslem pupils, and those 
Moslem parents who refused to transfer their children from our schools 
to Moslem ones have more than once been imprisoned. 

" In Maalaka, the building of a new belfry to take the place of a 
wooden frame was made the ground of a complaint to the Government 
that we had transformed a school into a church. The Governor of 
the district was ordered by his superior to go lo Maalaka to examine 
and report. He came, and found the bell hanging upon its new sup- 
ports. That was suspicious. He entered the supposed church, but 
was surprised at the absence of pictures of the Vir^n and of the saints. 
Not wiping to be deceived, he did not stop his search till he had 

Digitized by Google 


turned the blackboard round snd looked at the backs of the maps and 
of the ABC cards that hung upon the wails. He then went to the 
house of the native preacher, and, after an hour's conversation with 
him, presented to the Government a report which left us in peace. A 
few weeks later he called at our house in Zahleh, and proved to be a 
well-informed man, and a seeker after light. 

" In Zahleh the schools are overflowing, and the need of pennanent 
quarters becomes more and more imperative, Kob-Elias continues 
to be the banner school of the station. Its loo bright-foced boys and 
their singing and recitations are worth riding many miles to see and 
hear. In spite of all Governmental opposition, we still keep our hold 
on our Moslem pupils. In one place there are forty Moslem children 
studying the same lessons as the Christian children. One little girl, 
the daughter of the Moslem judge, has committed to memory the 
Shorter Catechism. In all our schools there are as many as roo Mos- 
lem children." 

HffUish-Barada. — "This is a treeless village in the great plain of 
Coele-Syria. The inhabitants drink from stagnant weUs ; they shiver 
in winter from the cold winds that sweep the plain ; they bake in the 
cloudless heat of summer; they run the race ot life sorely oppressed 
with poverty and wrong. Some months ago they applied for a school, 
and were told that we would send them a teacher if they would fur- 
nish two rooms — one for the school and one for the teacher — and 
two months' salary of the teacher. Soon they returned, and said that 
they had built the two rooms and were ready for the teacher. The 
teacher was sent, the two months' salary promptly paid, and the school 
started on its career. Some Government officials, visiting the village, 
lighted upon this school, and began to ply the people with questions 
concerning iL The people stoutly affirmed that it was thieir own, 
that they had built it, furnished it, brought the teacher, and paid him 
two months' salary. ' No,' said the officials ; ' it is a foreigner's school, 
and has no Government permit'; and they appealed to the title-pages 
of the books as the proof of their assertion. They then dismissed the 
children, took all the books, locked the door, and threatened to have 
the Governrnent punish the whole village, The people b^ged and 
prayed ; and finally, by paying a dollar apiece to each of the five offi- 
cials, they recovered the books and the key. Soon some Government 
police came riding into the village, and carried off the teacher and his 
books, and threw him into prison in Baalbec. Some one noticed th&t 
each book had the official permission of the Damascus Government, 
and, on the ground of that, the teacher was brought before the Gov- 
ernor, questioned, threatened, and finally released with a chaise to 
teach no more. The school actually belonss to the people. We hold 
neither deed nor lease, hence are hindered from making any protest 
through the Consul. We have written to the people to make their 
own appeal to the Government. The latest report of the state of 
affairs is this : the school is in operation; a man is upon the house- 
top to give notice (^ the coming of horsemen ; long before the police 
can reach the village there will be no school ! " 

Digitized by Google 

SVKIA— 2AHI.EH. 225 

Emigration. — " The emigration fever ^ows no sign of abatement. 
It has even become a mama. It has taken from our churches some 
of the most useful members; many of the teachers shov signs of rest- 
lessness. An unlettered man goes to America, and in the course of 
9X months sends back a check for $300 to $400 — more than the sal- 
ary of a teacher or a preacher for more than two years ! For months 
past the money coming to Zahleh from America has averaged from 
$400 to $500 daily ! Nearly all this goes to pay old debts, to lift 
mortgages, and to carry other emigrants across the seas. We hope 
for some benefit from the reflex influence of the emigration. We hear 
from the reports of the emigrants nothing but unstinted praise of Amer- 
ica and its institutions. Some of those who have returned have man- 
ifestly improved, intellectually and spiritually, by their journey to 

Hindrances. — "These are to be ascribed, in the majority of cases, 
to the Jesuits, as the prime movers in instigating petty persecutions, 
spreading false reports, stirring the (ires of bigotry and hate, and ex- 
citing the priests of other sects to oppose us. One of these Jesuits, 
who claims to belong to a noble French family and to have received a 
special commission n'om the Pope, has gone from village to village on 
a crusade against Protestants and their religion. Mis threats and 
curses were the means of driving away all the scholars from one of our 
schools. Not a man, woman, or child dared even to speak to the 
teacher aAer his maledictions. The Government have shown a very 
hostile spirit to our work in and around Baalbec, and there is no 

EtKOuragementi. — " These are principally from the promises of 
God's Word and belief in the power of prayer. Our ranks are now 
full, and the health of the laborers is good. The friendliness of the 
people increases daily, and even among the priests we have friends. 
There are evangelical priests in the Greek Church who preach the 
Goq)eL Persecution has ceased in Schlifa and in Ras-Baalbec, where 
it was rife. The schools that were languishing for several years are 
three times larger than they were a year ago, and the congregations 
are larger than the schools can hold. The door is open in all the 
pom«r villages for preaching the Gospel to Mohammedans, and we 
can have in them all good audiences and attentive listeners." 

Digitized by Google 


Statistics of the Syria Mission. 








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Regular preacbinc placei. 


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Exptnditum of lit Beard ef Fertigtt Missient af Ike PmbyltHan Ckarth 
in the U. S. A., May I, 1690, ta May l, 1S91. 

Bxpendlnirea for 

HlMlon*. 1890-91. ToUl. 

Gaboon and CoHsco $30,369 53 

Litwria 4,770 35 t35.o39 88 

Canton 43.317 24 

Peking i9i95o 46 

Shanghai 46,838 53 

Shantung SSi99<3 00 164,986 33 

Chinese and Japanese in U. S 24,515 54 a4.Si5 54 

Guatemala 10,657 53 iOt657 53 

Lodiana. 80,61092 

Fumikhabad 58>>54 76 

Kolhapur 32,279 86 161,045 S4 


East 47."6 37 

West 50,831 so 97fl47 87 

Korea 16,116 56 16,116 56 

Mexico 89,643 53 89.643 S3 


East 38.785 75 

West S4.37S 7S 83,661 50 

Si AM AND Laos. 

Siam 27,i6B 31 

Laos 38,337 86 55.406 07 

South America. 

Braiil 56i7S3 06 

Chili 39,99847 

Colombia 18,075 04 104,826 S7 

SvRiA 58,823 6a 58.813 62 

U. S. Indians. 

Dakotas 9.500 00 

Nei Perces 3,770 00 

Senccas 3,750 00 16,030 00 

Sundry Special Appropriations 3, Boo 94 S.Soo 94 

Tola! (or Mission Fields. $923,491 38 

Home Department 46,706 96 

" Church at Home and Abroad " 3, 318 68 

Digitized by Google 

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Salaries OF Secretaries (18,00000 

Clerks 3,s3o 00 |ao,s3o 00 

Salary of Special Sbckbtary, in absence 

of Dr. Mitchell Soo 00 

Salarv OF Treasurer 4,00000 

" " Treasury Clerks 7i475 4° ti>475 4° 

Shipping Department Clerks 2,348 00 

Salary Secretary for Special Objects (one-hall) 600 oo 

Expense Account— Janitor, Coal, Cleaning, etc 3,871 92 

Taxes 1,280 jo 

Pon-AGE 1,193 71 

Stationery 633 jo 

Traveling 1,00443 

Candidates i33 50 

Printing, Ondnding Annual Report) 4.080 70 

Library 66 30 

" Charch at Home and Abroad," Awessmenl for Deficit. . 

♦50,025 64 
William Dulles, Jr., 


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Bonds and Mortgages on Real Estate 

Philadelphia & Reading R.R. Co. 

Richmond & Danville R.R. Co. 

Houston & Texas Central R.R. Co. 

Union Pacific R.R. Co. 

St. Louis & Terre Haute R.R. Co. 

Cairo, Arkansas & Texas R.R. Co. 

Georf^a Pacific R.R. Co. 

Pittsburg. Cincinnati & St. Louis R.R. Co. 

Chicago & Northwestern R.R. Co. 

Ceniral R.R. of New Jersey 

DeUware & Hudson Canal & R.R. Co. 

Utiea tc Black River R.R. Stock. . 400 00 

45,400 o 

City of Elizabeth Adjustment 4s 9,S00 o 

Orange & Newark Horse Car R.R. Co. Bonds 5.000 o 

City of Newark Sewer Bonds 30.000 o 

Bank of America (N.Y.) Slock 1,5000 

Quassaic National Bank, Kewburgh [,300 o 

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Waldenslan Fund — Interest used t3>,ioo 00 

Annuity Funds 44,500 00 

Gifts of Property — not avuUble in cash 31,614 50 

Children's Fund >3,aoo 00 

Oroomiab College Fund 5,000 00 

Monterey Seminary Ftind do 

Mrs. Stokes Fund 5,054 46 

Montedto Church Scholarship 1,000 do 

»i»7.46S 96 

Board s Permanent Fund, Invested Q3>335 13 

'■ " " Uninvested 16,935 33 

t'37.739 4a 
WILLIAM DULLES, Jr., Treaiunr. 

Digitized by Google 




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WinlnhaTCii BO 00 

Abbott Mcm'I 1 oo 

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Boundujftv. i;o 95 


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Ml. Vemon 
New AiUny. ■» 

New Pbiladel^ii 



Digitized by Google 



White Bead Hill 

CaU SpHng 

Piy 0/ Ckoclats. 

Bethel NiulcD 


New Hopg 
Oak Hiir 

SkelbTTille, lU 
•■ Genoa 

l^'i Chapel 

nj tf tkt Clunktt ttali 




Nonh Tork 


Red Fork 




Elm Spriii|i 


Cedai Rapidi, » 

Digitized by Google 



Hickory G 
Una Gn-r 






Fi^ */ CouHcil Blulfi. 

CounaT DlulTi. 

" Belhany 

Eut Ds M 

E..gli>b, T« 

Gnnd Rive 




\Xml ' 


Miuouri VjJIey 
Motnini Sur 
Mount Ayr 


Si. Charlei 
South Da Moil 


/V^ 4/ DMiMflU. 

ttaci 30 So 

dSCJU, lit ■ ^ 00 

■' jd 16™ 

Ger. 3* 00 

DyEnville 1 CD 

Digitized by Google 





Rowltr, Gcr. 

Ptf t/Ftrl Dadgt. 







EBinill Co.. .u 









MorniDg Sun 

U>. Pltiunl, 

Glidd^ '' 



10 mH 

Mt. Zian 


New London 



45 JO 











17 m 








D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


Fif tfloTPa CilJ. 


Elm Gran 

Ion a» 


Crundr Ccntn u si 

HoUand, G«. «} oc 

L« Pone CilT "J « 

Minhillwini liS ja 

Ncndi a ou 

Rock Creek, Ger, 


nlFriesUDd.Ga. i> 


tW ja 







M.p]e Ciiy 





Mt. P1«un 

Mt. Veraoa 

New Selen. 

53 IS 



D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


Salem T 


WriRht Mu 


Mculi Cm Ire 
" 'icin« Lodfe 






n, */Larmtd. 
AHiDguw 3 


Chanule "' 







Cold Wild 


Digitized by Google 



UilHkin Men 
Mineral PoinI 


Cot* Citr 


36 n 

^blLeni tl n 


nick lack 

Digitized by GOOJ^Ie 





Ml.SlalinB. if( 




HoptiniTllle, m » 1] 

K™i. .< « 

Louunitlc, ilh g « 

" Centnl i6fi n 

;; ColltReM 3a 01 

Bethel Union 

Guin Su^uT 

Lebinan. ut 

Meaui Cliipel 
Ml. Pleiual 

Digitized by Google 


North villi 

"^•f m"!." 





■ 4« 



Can City 









Spring Lake 

I^ ^ Kaiat, 





Digitized by Google 










Piy t/Ptlsiktj. 

CmalLcd Lalii 
CroH Villifc 




A u Sable and 
B» CiiT, »1 


Gbdma, ill 
" id 


Lake Ciyual 



Si. lam. 
Si. Pdct 

Digitized by Google 


Kiiblud Puk 
Hduh of Faith 



Red Lake FtdU 

Aiiington Hilli 

Belli Ithen'Gcr. 


Goodrich *>c. 


Si. HiUin 

<TJ K i.'« T! 






Minnnpolii, II 

Digitized by Google 



AppjcioB Cilj 1 y> 

Bidando Spring 

leSenan City 
Mnw Gty, Est 

jS 90 

Webb aiv 
Wm( PUin. 
" Rock 


Biidicre Ridge 



Gnnd Prune 






KiDg ci°r 

Digitized by Google 



lUniDiTiUc Uaian 
UutWUs I 



WindKr HutKU 

Ph »/ fyau Kin 

Allen Cbipel 
CotloD Plknt 

Hope "^ 


Piy tfSt. Ltmii. 
BMbeLCer. 6a t 

B«ihl^ea ] I 

Hal SpriB[i,Ceiitnl 


Blue Hill 
Campbell, Gw. 


PopUr Bluff 
Ridce Slitwi 

Hairi City 


> CoieBrilUule 3: 


Oak Creek, Ger. 



liberaids 14 or. 
North ^ic 

' Wuhinponft 

ComptaiiAf« 456 a 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 






Ptr r/ Ktafij. 



Giud Island 


Pif ifNtbrvka Cily. 


;; 'S 

McHdimi, Gir. 
Nebraika City 

Dail<y Br 

South Park 

Winebafo IndioB 

Digitized by Google 





Billc CcatTB 



Black Hird Hill> 















■■ .«. Ga. 

■' Ambler Plan 

" CuMlUiu 

J n 



Phi tfJlTHT Cits. 



~ ili'.di 

Liberty Comer 


je>w^_Cily, i« 4»* 3» 'SO « 




lU yi 


PaterwB, Bt 


•' .» G=(. 

» ad 

■■ B'«y,Ger 





•' EutSlde 

" MadL'nav 

" Redeemer 


" We«'«(r 




W^ "oboken 


Wat Mill«d 






Aibury Park, i« 


■• We.lm«e 



D,j,i,i.aL, Google 





Ocsn Bach 

Siyovillc, Gcr. 

Pijuf Mirrraa 



GcnBU Valley 






til. Cloud 


:: gip 


Digitized by Google 


•' g;;h. 

. " Ptq.p« 







•JO 00 

Belviden, t>l 

iJJ 19 





«0 34 

Cuirvillc, ut 


North Hirdluon 

0>rard. itl >S.iB 

Oiford, id 46 48 

PhiUi'nb^E, 111 as DO 

" Wnl'mr 11 sj 



Libeny Porii 
Mit'i Linding 


b 161 « 


w— . 

PLmi, Sicillon 





Silver Cily 

St -"s- 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


Albany, State It 
BalliUin Center 


E-i Kmbd 

HiDilloB UakiD 





WhitDcy'* Faint 






Loudale 6 aa 

Loxdl JO, 


«~B^-' .53 

•• B«toi. 


PonCd BOO 

JO on 


SonerYflle «, 00 


South Bouan 13 11 

■■ FtaminKham ; 37 

" Ryegate 15 on 


w'ndh™ 18 » 

11 ja 

683 73 

i» ja 

n, 0/ B'-oU,m. 

BrcoUyn. »l >,e<> 11 

" V« Ger *Io S 

" Ilh' "'■ '""' 

'■ Ainilieu 

" Arlington 

■' Bertwr wH 


■■ "as 

•■ Cl«»n are a;o 00 

'■ Cnmber- 


,. jj''"^" ,/ ^ 

•' E.'vfwR."''" 
Ger. J 00 

~ Ftane'l, Ger. 

" F^ntlin ..e .0 Bs 

" Frieden- 

kirche.Ger. iR oo 

■' .} so 

" Greene ave 14 47 

S7 73 

" "'di'-"'- 

" Laftyell. 

aye J.Jto 4S 

" Memorial «9> 10 


•' Mt. Olivet jeo 

" Noble •> 


D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


AHwheny i oo 

Bufilo III Toa ao 

" Csnm] 184 Of 

" Weuminil 
" Wat Side 


Eul Hanbnrc 


Unitttl M»iop 




'II u 



Pif B/CkampUin 


■• Franklin 
- UVe a 



Hone Heub 





Fine Grove 

South pan 
Sunr Hill 

Digitized by Google 




"*" >d 









WmdhuB Genu* 

^ J4 gjo IJ 

BtlEuy Cntn 


Touwuda \ 




" Cutle 
" Falk 





Jc««ion*i11c, Ccr. 

LinanlDn Manor 
Middle town, ax 

Rocltendr, »t 


Shdicr Inland 







Digitized by Google 






DodEC Meat J 




RoDcyn Chapd 

Scotch » 

Sa and Idnd 


Un. Tabemiclc 

Uni-tTjitxpl. n.i 





Wil«,B 4 m 



S>6 75 

.7* '6 


Phf tf Ntrik RIvtr. 

" Soulh 3« J, 



Cold Spnng 17 « 

Con.wa]R>«-Hud»D 3 «. 

Fnedom Pliunt m « 

Hwhland Filb 


.. «. 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 



Liltle RriiaiD 




30 on 

R«h«lcr, »t 




Nnburgh, »l 


•' Calvary 




•■ C.1«T 


G«nd (t 


II Memiuu 

Pint PUiu 




■' Si? Peer 


■• VMtj 

'■ Wclmin 







lAj <» 

SjurU, ,«' " 



■' «l 



Springw«« . 








■.>f3 ;< 



n^C ^ OUrgt. 




.0. I7 




flbff/jy. L.m 


" «l 





Flv Cncb 






cS^ Vincenl 



21 ;i 







>«■ «J 



- Catnl 





41 5« 






/^ OfSinbtn. 

Addiion 13 

ASf^n' 1 

Digitized by Google 


oh Dm Chapel 








■■ Ol.v= 



Middle Gran villi 
Nanh GraiiTille 

Ply »/ Ulita 
Alder Cmkaod 


Digitized by Google 



Wat Cundcn 

WhitaboB ■ 








•og JO 






N» RocheQ. 







1 S.'T'W'' 

Pif qf Pimiima. 

,J¥ Kntnl 



_y Google 


Ht. CoDBdliviJIc 




Ml. Vice 
North W 

Upoer Sudusk; 
w'ni "Liberty 



Beihiiny Chnnl 

Fnitmoiini. Get 
Irwin Chapel 



Maple Grove 
H»on and PisK*b 



IS s; 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 



Pluual Ridfe a 

Ph '/ CI.T»laMj. 


E«l Oeveluii) 



nt •/ Cs/mmiiu. 
Caainl Catlcgc 39 00 

Hi SttfGni 

llaylon, III 

New CulUle 

Bloom villi 



Digitized by Google 


Caiunliiu Grove 

be Muy'i 
Tiirlle Creek 


Nanh Binion 

Monh jMkion 

..:?; % 



E^le Creek 



Ml. SiJcni 



Bueni Vuu, Gw. 

Digitized by Google 



Saodf Spriaga 
via Union 

Pij t/St. Clairrr-aii. 



11 Cbsier 


;■«! LirerpooU T 
DM Springfield 

" HiUTi.bu« 
" PhibdelpEii 
0»k Ridee 
PoilEr Chapel 

SceutMiiTillE, 11 

Still Folk ^ 

Canal Fuilon 

Digitized by Google 





















Big Villc; 




Grinly Bluff 

..ludent'^ -" 



1^ tf IM Amgtlrt. 

Ml. VXaamx 


Burhanli , 


Crmad View 


D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


Lot Angela 
hat Nitto*, Spjuii 

Rintude, Calvuy : 

Si] 1^ 

Sacnmnita, if ih u 7 « 
Sun»«er°"°^* " '* ™ 

Vusinia Cilr 
W«lD-i, Fremonl 

nf a/San FrancUct. 

VBPKt Hill 
" Cahiiir 


;| Letn...... 

" Sl.Johi 


Sin Piblo 

Walnut Cink 
Wat Berkeley 


D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


Freed om 








III 69 


Phf/ BtaimUU. 
Slack Lick ; 40 





Muin»t>ne lu co 

Neir XUmndrU io S> 

Poke Rub 

Turtle Creek 





Jeffe^n Cenli 


Mt. Nebo 







Burnt C^bin 




ChambenVe, Cen. 

Digitized by Google 


Gl Ooncngo 
Gntu Cutle 
Oncn Kill 
Hurisb'ch, Cot. 

Lower Hinb Cieck f 

R. K^ii^7 Men 
Rof ky Spnnn 
Si. Tbomu 

Welti VaUer 

Path Valler 4> *> 

n Ma-i },i|l Gi 


Forks of Rrnndi 
Glen Riddle 
Greal Valler 

Soulh Cbesler 
Union v< lie 
Unpei Octom 

Big Run 

Mill Creek 
Mt. Pleuint 
Ml. Tabor 

Scotch Hill 


S>. Petenburgh 


Wat Mi11>[lle 

Belle Valley 



Cool Spring 


D,j,i,i.aL, Google 




396 16 



MUl VilUn 
Ml. Pl«u>nl 
Mew Lcbuon 
Nsnh Chrtndoa 

Sandy IaIh 



Ptf a/HuHlititdim. 




BuOilo Run 

■S 00 Ijq DO 

" " .S ^ 

Utile Vdlcy tl 

Login'! Vaflev i' 

Mud'i Choke 

MipleloB n 


HuhuoB ud I 

Ul. Union* 

Newton Hamilton 





For Rani 
Shade Gap 
ShiTcn Creak 
SinkiBi Cink 

" Vall»r 
SpiinE Cnek 

" Milk 
Sptvcc Creek 9 

W, Kiihuaquilbi 1 


Yellow Cm 

PtV «/" KilUnmi 
Apolla I 

A pplebv If anor 

Bethel ] 

Bndy^i £d/ 

Cheny Run 1 


Digitized by Google 



Middle CTok 
Ml. Ptcwinl 




Mt. Pleauat 




wX >nd Columlnm 
Wen PiiHiDd ut iS 

WIlkoboiTe, m 834 9« 





Csnyn(liaB ftStwT 

Uil Slnudibi 


Digitized by Google 



Lgwei Ml. Bcrthd 
Mahuoy City 

Miuch Chunk 
Middle Smithficld 
Penn ArpU 

PoIUvilLe, i>[ 
Reading, m 



Sauih Biihlchcni 

- EuioD 

SoBnil HiTi 
Upper Uhigh 
Upper Mt. B«hel 


Creenvich II 
HDlllnd , 




Whanm u 



Ml. Camel 

New Rerlin 

" ColumWa 

Raven Creek 

Pfy t/ Pkiladtlfhia Cmira 

PhiliL, Aleiander Tqj 06 


Digitized by Google 


Nonk. Libcnici. 
Nonhminuer Jo ij 

Valfnon Mcm'l 16 <» 
FcincElDQ I,1«B OJ 

Rjchmond } cx> 

Spdni Guden 

MiKcllincoui ifl Ss 

s."9s sr 

/»r •/ Filliiurgfi. 





Kf t/ Pkiladilpkln Sartk. 
Abibftoii 76 65 

AnBOimichul 1 <x> 

ChcUaut Hill 

Doyfotovn i 


Filh (^Schaylkill 

>■ WakEfield ] 
Icnaon i 

H(. Aiiy 

Ml. Piinh 
MU WuhinElgn 
North Biau^ 

- IJIiptburv 




Pan KtBDedy 



V. ElinbHh II i» 

Wilkiniburg j.i 5. 



Co'nBtllgvilli >w 08 

Digitized by Google 


Li 1 tie ttrSuoBc 
Loni Run 

Forlu of WhRl 

New CumlKTlaBd ku ^ 

Pjccon Cr«k J» « 

Three Spnojci is « 

'' Ten Mile ij « 


Spniii Hill Fi 

We.t Newton 

Little Beavei 



ujteld >6> 7 

•t Middloei « *i 

Allen Gn»e 











Middle OelDni 

"J- 'Kb. 

New Hatnony 

Digitized by Google 






Digitized by Google 


lAfig Hollow 

Moiinliin Kewl 
Pirw Ri(%e Agency 

While Rirer 
Wood Lake 
VaoVion Asiiicy 

nf t/SeuU Baku 

Pfy t/ Birmingkam. 
Anniilon, Noble tt B 00 
Binningham, Eniley 
New De«lui, Wat- 

Rhellcld lo 00 

n«lJwn Riier 
Freednin'i Chapel 

St. Murk'* I 

TabeiTiKle i 

Timber Rjdae a 


Fhy t/Kiuptim. 

Mt. Taboc 

South Pitliburg, is 
Wekh Un!oD 

iih I 

l^ll BTe 

Ml. Zioi 

So. Kfloinlle 
Timber Ridge 

Auttia. lit 



Digitized by GOOJ^Ie 



Kl. Davit 




Auiila Chipel 

Cbapel HUI 


n,'/ Trinity. 

Lone CDI10u*ood 


Pift/ Montana. 

Helcni, iM 
Mila Cirv 





D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


Huden Rock 



North FnedaB 

PtiIlvUlc G«. 


Baneor j. 

Bbai lUver FrIIi 
GilnnlK K < 

PiT •/ tail SmtrritT. 

Fancy Civcli 



Digitized by Google 





Lake Union 

Ml. Pugah 




Digitized t, Google 

A Comparative Statement of Receipts from Synods and Presbyteries 
for the years ending May i, 1890, and 1891, tntluding contribu- 
tions from Sabbath-schools and Christian Endeavor Societies, but 
not receipts through Woman's Boards. 


Frok May 

Fitou MAr 

Fboh May 


1, .Bfl. 

iMq AND I Bod. 
1890 AMD lS,I. 

Gaj-. L06S. 

SV-O. 0. A^KT.C. 

44 43 


$. 00 




Synod or Baltihove. 



•■407* '4 

t5.oW <i 

Sthod op Catavia. 

|io,»9) 6i 


10 ^ 


ti 10 


SrHOD or Ckika, 

'^'"^^r-;::::::. ::::;::::■■ 

1.0 JO 


J" 4° 

l,ai5 7a 

• -9 40 


■48 36 













Southern Or^n 

...0. ,.„... 


■ ..j6« 


3=6 JO 

•i,ioj 10 

47" S» 


D,j,i,i.aL, Google 



Fpoh Mav 

Fmm May 


1, le^i. 





-a 3 

403 « 



'tis S 

t5^3) 9> 


its' is 

?rr ;■■■■ 

Kwk River 

f^^Xir. : ■■■:■ 


Pby of Cra-fordivilli 






StKOD or iNDIAfl Tkuitoiiv. 

«4,.4<. .) 

$47rj » 


e..6.6 14 











JOi » 




SVNOD OP Ranias. 





t.,J56 JO 




Symoo op KraTvcicv. 




»"«3 97 


•4.J0. „ 





•304 5- 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


Fan Xh Fbm Mh Fbh Hat i)^ ud ■•» 

t. iMt. uiMv. I, il^ i»|] *" '*<>' 

T. it»i To Mat To Hat 

1. >Mt- '. ••«e. I. itfi. Gum. Lot 

b*3 674 »« 

»-*U ol fc-iH ^ «ij,i : 

4.- o, nj- j« .oS »> 
fjfi It IJ.*^ B ■ .4.4J' ¥> 






*«.^t, » 

St^oo or XnuiKA. 


♦■11 7T 



»).»I7 ■■ 




SvKDi. or KB* Joor. 

1-9" 14 



1.167 M 



Morrii »nd OanBe 

SvMOD or Naur UuuM). 

4" 73 


SrxoD or Nn York. 




■^3" 3' 

J55 3 

'.39« "4 
3.7 ■* » 

1.303 31 





D,j,i,i.aL, Google 



FioH Mat 

From May 
I. >V- 

Fnoii May 


1890 AK 



D 1891. 


SncODor New Yo>ti[.-C.^/>.«> 



Im«3 •» 




' ^' 







1.04.649 7S 

HI 6? 

»7.=6s *9 

SmoD or Ohio. 

!.,= « 



tJ78 6' 


3.350 ■■ 
to! *" 









SmoD or Turn Pacirc. 



••9.763 « 



■88 }t 

SV.OO or P„«V.VA..A. 




»4.1»I SS 



«3JS « 


709 11 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 



Fkoh Mav 


Fbom Mav 


Fko» May 
., .»9i. 

>BSo A 


D 1S.O. 
D .£91. 


Symod of Pbnk)vi,vamia.— Cw/'rf 





■ 91 15 

t>.844 SO 



a 3» 

Sv.ioD Of South Dakota. 



»J3,T?J 34 

♦ ■7.'«7 93 







(418 <H 


III ji 

♦38 «. 


»3|| Bs 


Pby of Montaiu 


•■■9 38 





•67 B4 


' I'm" 33 

fc8. *« 







SVNOl. OP Wucons™. 

>«t 34 



tl4« -1 



<=*5= JB 

•»-331 3' 

t3,=64 73 


D,j,i,i.aL, Google 



FlOH Uav 

I. isss. 

To May 


t' 'm*' 

F«« May 

.. Tg,T. 

.as, AND l!90. 

,S^ AND ,8,.. 

Gain. Loss. 


ffSi.isa 76 

*3S."3 79 
..S,"87 »■ 

■ I.9S1 »3| 

•?t^>33 9° 


• .48,6=4 » 

*8}>.eis Si 



Number of Churcha contribulini 
diiHily lo the Treuuiy io N. YT 





CamribatinE ihniuih Sibbath. 





cDple'i Socielia of Chii- 

.^ Comparative Statement of Receipts from Woman's Boards. 

From May 

From May 

From May 

1889 AND T89O 

I, 1888. 
To M>Y 



1890 AND 189I. 


1. 1890. 

I, 1891. 

Gain. Loss. 

Woman's For. Mis. 

So.. Phila 

Woman's B. of Mis. 

»'36.iS3 71 

$i3J.3i4 43 

ti57,28i 83 

824.967 40 

lor the Northwest. 
Woman's B. of For. 


76.533 70 

86,635 63 

10,071 93 

Mis., New York.. 
Woman's B. of For. 

48.778 31 

52,289 93 

64.673 76 

13,383 83 

Mis.. North N. v.. 
Woman's B. of Mis., 

8.897 07 

S,5S3 85 

8.6S1 51 

67 66 

of the Southwest.. 
Woman's B.of Mis.. 

6.370 83 


7.664 50 

553 8s 

Northern Pacific. 
Occidenial Woman's 

396 44 

944 92 

•838 84 


B. of Missions. . . . 

3,51s 03 

10,548 73 

8,030 69' 

$378,904 17 

t38o.38s 51 

$336,344 78 

tS 5.959 87 

11 of Nonh Pacific Id 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


Rec«ipts of Woman's Societies and Boards, 1890-1891, 





Pb-M 1 h' 

W.J4S ja 







•mS'M; »■ 

*JT.3S' "K 



H. H, FRY. Stcrttary Ctttr*! Ctmmi 

Digitized by Google 











Wei Hien 

Alexander, Rev. and Mm. Thos. T . . 

West lapan. 
East Japan. 
F.»slern Persia. 
West Japan. 

Alemnder, Rev. Jas. M. and wife 

Alexander, E. W. (D.D.) and wife 

•Allis, Rev. I. M. [D.D ) and wife ... . 

Andrews. Rev. and Mrs. H. M 

Atterbury, Dr. and Mrs. B. C 

Ayres, Rev. and Mrs. J. B 





Bailie. Rev. and Mrs. Jos 

Central China. 

East Japan. 

Ballagh. Prof. andMrs. J. C 

Bannennan. Rev. and Mrs. W. 5 





San Francisco . . . 
San Luis r>otosi.. 

Giboon «nd Coriico. 

BeaU. Rev. and Mrs. M. E 

•Bergen, Rev. G. S 

Bergen, Rev. and Mrs. Paul D 



Syria. ""^"^ 

Ab2h ::"-■■.■ ■ 

Boomer, Rev. and Mrs. W. B 

Bougbcon, Hiss Emma F 


Wei Hien 


Bradford, Misa M. E. (M.D.) 

Brashear, Rev, and Mrs. Turner G 

Briggs. Dr. W. A 

Brown, Miss Mary (M.D.) 

Brown, Rev. and Mrs. Hubert W 


Wei Hien 

Mexico City . . . 




Syria. : 




San Francisco . . . 

West Japan. 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 





Caldwell, Rev. and Mra. M. E 

Candor. Rev. and Mrs, T. H 

Carleion, Miss J. R. iM.D.) 

Carleion. Rev. and Mrs. Marcus M. ... 

Carlewn, Marcus B. (M.D.) 

Carrington, Rev. and Mrs. W. A. . . . . 

Case, Miss EitaW 

Chalfanl, Rev. and Mrs. F. H 

Chalfant, Rev. and Mrs. W. P 

Christen. Rev. and Mrs. S. J 



1 Republic of Co- 
( lombia. 

Rio Claro 



Sao P.10I0 



Shanghai. '.;;.'.'! 






East Japan. 


Cochran, Mrs. D. P 

Cochran. Dr. and Mrs. I. P 

Cogdal. Miss Mary E 

Coltnan. Miss J. L 

Central China. 

CoUini, Rev. and Mrs. D. G 

•Collman, Dr. and Mrs. Robert 


Cooper. Rev. A. W 

Cooper, MissL. J 

Corbeti, Rev. Hunter (D.D.) and wife. . 


Chi NingChow.. 
San Francisco 

Crossctte, Mrs. M. M 


Cunningham. Rev. and Mrs. A. M 

Curtis. Rev. and Mrs. F. S 

Cuthben. Miss M. Nellie 

West Japan. 


Rio Claro 




East Japan. 
West Persia. 
GaboDB ud Corim. 

Dean.MissN. J 

De Baun. Miss Ella 


Mexico City - - . . 

•Dennis. Rev. and rtrs. Jas. S. (D,D,). . 



Pine Ridge 



Dodd. Rev. and Mrs. W. C 

•Dodge, Rev. and Mrs. W. E 


Doty, MissS. A 

Doughty. Rev. and Mrs. J. W 

Downs, Miss Caroline C 

West Japan. 



Ban^ok '.'.'.'..'.'. 
Pelchaburee. .. 



Dunlap, Rev. and Mrs. J B 

•Dunlap, Rev. and Mr,. E. P 

Eakin, Rev. and Mrs. T. A 

Eckels, Rev. Charles E. 


,i,i.aL, Google 





Eddy, Rev. and Mrs. Wm. K 

•Eddy. Rev. and Mrs. Wm. W. (D.D.). 








Ellerkh, Rev. and Mrs. W. 

Esselstvn, Rev. and Mr?. Lenis F. . . . 


Eastern Persia. 

Ewing. Rev. J. C. Rhea ID.D.) and wife 






Shan lung. 
Central China. 

Paries. Dr. and Mre. W. R 

Famham, Rev. and Mrs.!. M. W. (D.D. 


Chi NingChow.. 


IBrewerviUe and 
( Clay-Ashland 

Fitch, Rev. and Mrs. J. A 

•Fitch, Rev. and Mrs. Geo. F 

FlourTioy. Rev. Phillip F 

Central China. 
[ Liberia. 

Ford, Rev. George A 

Ford. Miss Mary T. Maxwell 

Forman. Rev. and Mrs. Chas. W, (D.D.) 
Forman.C.W.,Jr.(M.D.)and wife .. 

Forman, Rev. and Mrs. John N 

Forman, Miss Mary P 

•Forman. Rev. and Mrs. Henry 

Fraiier, Rev. David W 

•Fulton, Rev. and Mrs. A. A 






Sinoc. Greenville. 




West Japan. 

Fuiton, MissM. H. (M.D.) 

East Japan. 
Ceniral China. 
West Japan. 

Garrin. Rev. J. C 


Garvin, Rev. and Mrs. J. F 



Glassford, Mr. S. A 


Mexico City.... 
Cheung-Mai .... 


Greene. Rev. J. Milton ( D. D .) and wife 


Griswold, Rev. and Mrs. H. D 


Godduhn, Rev. and Mrs. G. A 


Guboon md Coii-co. 

Gilbertson. Prof, and Mrs. J. G 


Goheen, Rev. and Mrs. James M 

•Graham. Rev. and Mrs. J. P 


D,j,i,i.aL, Google 






Hall, Rev. William 







Hannum, Rev. and Mrs. W. H 

















Eastern Persia, 
West Japan. 
Central China, 
West Japan, 
East Japan. 
West Japan. 


*Hawkes, Rev. and Mrs. James W 

Hawonh. Rev. and Mrs. B. C 

•Hayes, Rev. and Mrs. J. N 

Hayes, Rev. and Mrs. W. M 

Haymaker. Rev. and Mrs. E. M 

Hays, Rev. and Mrs. George S 

Hayes, Rev. and Mrs. Marshall C 

Henry, Rev. B. C. (D.D.)and wife 

Hepburn. James C. (M.D.) and wife . . . 

Heron, Mrs. J. W... 

Hesscr, Miss Mary K 

Hilton. Joseph W. N 

Holcomb, Rev. and Mrs. James F 

HoUiday, Miss G. Y 

Holmes, Miss M. C 

•Holmes. Dr. G. W 

Holt, Rev. and Mrs. W. S 

Hoakins. Rev. and Mrs. F. E 

Hough, Miss Clara E 





Sao Paulo 




Chi King Chow.. 
New York 

Guatemala City.. 








Western Persia. 
Chinese in U. S. 


•Hull, Mrs. J.J 


Hunter, Rev. S. A. (M.D.) and wife ... 

Chin««ioN.Y. Chy. 

East Japan. 

Iddicms, Rev. and Mrs. D. Y 

Imbrie, Rev. and Mrs. Wm. <D.D.). . . . 
Inglis, Rev. T. Edward and wife 


Irwin, Miss Rachel 

acot, Rev. and Mrs. Herman 

anvier. Rev. and Mrs. C. A. Rodney.. 

Gslwon Md C'mSim. 

Jesaup. Rev. and Mrs. Samuel <D.D.). 
essup. Rev. and Mrs- H. H. (D.D.).. . 

essup, Rev. and Mrs. Wm 

Jewelt, Miss Mary 


ohnston, Miss Louise 

ohnson. Dr. and Mrs. C. F 

Lien Chow 





Judson, Rev. and Mrs. J. H 

Kelso. Rev. and Mrs. Alexander P. . . . 

Centra] China. 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


Kerr, Res, and Mrs. A.J 

Kerr, Dr. and Mrs. John G 

KUlie. Rev. aodMrs. C. A 

King, Prof. Alfred B 

Knox, Rev. and Mrs. Geo Wm. (D.D.). 

Kolb, Rev. and Mrs. J. B 


•Kyle, Rev. and Mrs. John M 

Labaree, R. M 

Labarce, Rev. and Mrs. B. (D.D.) 

Udd, Mrs. Ed. H 

La Grange, Miss Harriet 

Landes, Rev. and Mrs. G. A 

Landia. Rev. and Mrs. H, M 

Lane, Rev. and Mrs. William 

•Lane. H. M.(M.D.) 

Ungdon, Rev, W. M. 

Lane. Miss Emma F 

Lattimore, Miss Mary - 

•Laughlin, Rev. and Mrs. J H 

Leaman, Rev. and Mrs. Charles 

Lcete, Miss Isabella A 

Leonard, Rev. and Mis. J. M 

Lcslcr, Rev. and Mrs. W. H. (Jr.) 

Leyenberger, Rev. and Mrs. J. A 

Lewis, Miss Hactie 

Lindsey, Rev. and Mrs. E.J 

Lingle, Rev. and Mrs. W. H 

Looinis, Rev. Aug, W. (D.D,) and wife. 

Lowrie, Mis. Reuben 

Lowrie, Rev. J. Waller 

Loveland, Miss H. S 

Loca-s Rev. James J. (D.D.) and wife,. 
Lyon, Rev. and Mrs. D. N 

Machle, Dr. and Mrs. E. C 

March, Rev. and Mrs, F. W 

Mechlin, Rev. and Mre. J. C 

Marling, Rev. and Mrs. Arthur W 

Mateer, Rev, C. W. (D.D.) and wife . . . 

Mateer, Rev. and Mrs, R. M 

McBeth, Miss Kate 

McBeih, Miss Sue 

McCance, Dr. and Mts. D. B 

McCandliss, Dr. and Mrs. H. M 

McCaulcy, Rev, and Mrs, James M 

McClure, Rev. and Mrs. W. G. 

•McComb. Rev. J. M. and wife 

McCreigbt, Miss Charlotte C 

McDowell, Rev. and Mre. E. W 

McGilvaiy. Rev. and Mrs. Dan'i (D.D.). 

McGilvary, Miss Nellie H 

McGuire, Miss M. E. 

San Francisco 

J Brewerville and 
} CUy-Asbland. 



Sao Paulo 

Rio de Janeiro. . . 


Barranquilla. . . . 



Chi Ning Cbow. , 

Sao Paulo 







Poplar Creek , . . 

Lien Chow 

San Francisco . . 




Lien Chow 




Wei Hien 



Pine Ridge, . 
Mt. Station . . 
Cheung-Mai . 

West Persia, 

East Japan. 
Central China. 


Central China. 

East Japan. 

West Japan. 






Chinese in U. S 


. West Japan. 
, Furrukhabad. 
Central China. 

. Canton. 
Wesi Persia. 

, East Japan. 

, East Japan, 

. Siam. 

. Lodiana,' 

. Dakota, ft« 

Osaka West Japan. 

Digitized by Google 



McK«, Rev. and Mrs. W, J 

McKun. Dr. and Mn.lamesW 

MeKillican, MU« Jennie 

McMJIIan, Rev. and Mrs. John <M.D.) 

MacNair, Rev. Tlieodore M 

Melrose, Rev. and Mrs. J. C 

Melton, Miu Anna 

Menk«t. Mr. and Mrs. Peter 

Miles, Rev. and Mra. A. R 

Miltiken, Miss Bessie P 

Mills, Rev. and Hra. Ctaas. R. (D.D.). 

•Mills, Rev. F. V 

MoflcLl, Rev. S. A 

Montgomery, MUs Charlotte 

Montgomery, Miss Annie 

Morrison, Rev. and Mrs. Robert 

Morrison, Rev. WiUiwn J. P 

Morrow, Mia Margaret 

Morton, Miss Annie 

Murray, Rev. and Mrs. John 

Murray, Miss Lily 

■Nassau, Rev. Robert H. (M.D.) 

'Nassau, Miss Isabella A 

Naylor, Mrs. L. M , 

Neal, Dr. and Mrs. J. B 

Nelson, Rev. and Mrs. William S 

•Neviui, Rev. J, L. (D.D.) and wife. . 
Newton, Rev. and Mrs. John (D.D). .. 

•Newton, Rev. F. J. (M.D.) 

Newton, Rev. and Mrs. Edw. P 

•Newton. Rev. Chas. B. (D.D.) and wife 

Newton, Mrs. John (Jr.) 

Newton, Miss Grace 

"Niles, Miss M. W. (M.D.) 

Noyes, Rev. and Mrs. H. V 

Noyes, Miss Hat lie 

Nurse, Mrs. S. E 

Ogden, Mrs. T. Spencer 

Orbison, Rev. J. Harris (M.D.) 

Orbison. Miss Agnes L. 

•Oldfather, Rev. and Mrs. J. M 

Parker. Miss S. E 

Partch, Rev. and Mrs. V. F 

Pallon, Miss Esther. 

Perry, Rev. Frmk B 

Peoples, Rev. and Mrs. S, C. (M.D.) . 

Phraner, Rev. Stanley K 

PiiTson, Rev. George P 

•Pollock, Rev. George W. and wife . . 

Pond, Rev. and Mrs. Theo. S 

•Porter. Miss F. E 

•Porter, Rev. and Mrs. J. B 


Cheung-Mai .. 


Mt. Station'. 

Bogota. . ■ . 


Tungchow . , 
Hangchow . 


Hamadan . . 

Rawal Pindi . . 


Allahabad . . . . 




Chinanfu . . . 

Tripoli . . . . 

Lodiana . 


Allahabad. . 




Kolhapur . . . . 
Monrovia ■ . . 

Cheung-Mai .. 

Barranquilla. . 
Kanazawa. . . . 

. Central Chin*. 

. Peking. 

. Gaboon and Corjco. 

- East J^uui. 

. West Penia. 

■ GibODD md CoriKO. 

- RepuMicofCaloBlHa. 
. East Japan. 

. Shantung. 

. Central (Thina. 

. East Persia. 

. Furrukhabad. 

. Central China. 

. Shantung. 

. East Japan. 

■ GaboDB ud Cni<ca. 

. West Japan. 

. Shantung, 

. Syria. 

■ Shantung. 

■ Lodiana. 

. Furrukhabad. 

. West Persia. 

. Central China- 

. East Japan. 

West Japan. 

_y Google 





Porter. Rev. and Mrs. Theo. J 

Posey. Miss Mary 

Sao Paulo 

Ceniral China. 

Presset. M. E. (teacher) 

Reid. Rev. Gilben 

Reutlinger, Mrs. Louise 

Ritchie. Mrs. E. G 

Robinson, Rev. and Mrs. W. H 

Rodgers. Rev. and Mrs. lames B 



G>hoon Hnd CoriKo. 




East Japan. 



Rio de Janeiro! . '. 

Runciman. Rev. and Mrs. George .... 

Savage, Miss Harriet A 

SchencL, Miss Anna 

Scott. Mrs. James L 

Scolt. Miss Annie E 

U pp' r Cattaraugus 



Eastern Persia. 

'Seeley. Miss E. J 

Seiler, Rev. and Mrs. Galen W 

Shedd. Rev. andMrs. j. H. (D.D.).... 


West Persia. 



West Japan. 

Central China. 


Eastern Persia. 

East Japan. 

Central China. 


I Mexican. 


West Persia. 



Seward, Miss Sarah C. (M.D.) 




SiUby, Rev. and Mrs. John A 

Sinclair, Miss Marion E. (M.D.) 

Smith, Mary J. (M.D.) 


•Smith. Rev. and Mrs. J. N. B 

Snyder. Rev. and Mrs. F. L 

Stewart. Rev. and Mrs. David J 

•Stimcrs, Miss Imogene 

St. Pierre, Rev. and Mrs. E. W 

Swan. Dr. and Mrs. J. M 

Symes, Miss Mary L 

Taylor, Rev. and Mrs. Hugh 

Taylor, Rev. and Mrs. A. G 



)San Miguel Del 
} Meiquital. 
Guatemala City.. 


West Japan. 


•Tedford. Mrs. U B 


Thompson, Dr. and Mrs. James B. . . . 
Thomson. Rev. and Mrs. Henry C 

Thomson. Rev. 1. C. (M.D.)and wife.. 

Torrence, W. W; (M.D.) and wile 

Touieau. Rev. and Mrs. J. G 

Tracy, Rev. and Mrs. Thomas 

Trippe, Rev. andMrs. M. F 


East Japan. 
Eastern Per^. 
Republic ofCalomtrii. 



Etawah ^. 


D,j,i,i.aL, Google 






East Japan. 


UUman. Rev. J. F 

•Underwood, itev. and Mrs. H. G 



Van Dutee, Miss M. K 

Van Dyck. Rev. and Mrs. C. V. A. 


Van Hook, Mrs. L. C 

Vanncman, Dr. and Mrs. Wm. S 

Van Schoiclt. Dr. and Mrs. J. L 

Velte, Rev. and Mrs. Henrr C 

Vinton, Dr. and Mrs. C. C 

•Wachter, Rev. and Mrs. E 

Waddell, Rev. W. A 

Wallace. Rev. and Mrs. Thomas F 


Chi Ning Chow., 
t .h„™ 



Sao Paulo 




Wanlcss'. W. j. (M.D.) and wife 

Ward, Rev. and Mrs. S, Lawrence 

Eastern Persia. 


Waison! Rev. and Mrs. W. Scott 

Watson, Rev. and Mrs. J. G 


Tokyo.. '.'..':'.'.'. 


Eastern Peisii. 


•Wheiry, Rev. E. M. (D.D.) 


Whiting. Rev. and Mrs. J. L 

•WhlLc. Rev, and Mrs. W. J 




Wilder, Mrs. R. G 

Yankton Agency. 


Sao Paulo 

Wilson, Rev. and Mrs. S. G 

Lakawn . . 



Ml. Station 



Wilson. Rev. and Mrs. J. C 

Winn, Rev. and Mrs. Thomas C 

Wishard, j. G. (M.D.) 

Wisner, Rev. and Mrs. O. F 

Woodhnll, Rev. and Mrs. Georite E. . . . 

Woodside. Rev. John S. and wife 

•Wright, Rev. J, N 


West Japan, 
West Persia. 
West Japan. 


West Persia. 


gm , 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 

An Act to incorporate the Board of Foreign Missions 
of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of 

Passed April 12, 1862. — Chapter 187. 

The People of the State of Nrw York, represented in Senate 
and Assembly, do enact as follows : 

Section i.— Walter Lowric, Gardiner Spring, William W. Phil- 
lips, George Potts, William Bannard, John D. Wells, Nathan L. 
Rice, Robert L. Stuart, Lebbeus B. Ward, Robert Carter, John C. 
Lowric, citizens of the State of New York, and such others as they 
may associate with themselves, are hereby constituted a body cor- 
porate and politic forever, by the name of the Board of Foreign 
Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of Amer- 
ica, for the purpose of establishing and conducting Christian Mis- 
sions among the unevangelized or Pagan nations, and the general 
diffusion of Christianity ; and by that name they and their success 
ors and associates shall be capable of taking by purchase, grant, 
devise, or otherwise, holding, conveying, or otherwise disposing ot 
any real or personal estate for the purposes of the said corporation, 
but which estate within this State shall not at any time exceed the 
annual Income of twenty thousand dollars. 

SecTtON a. — The said coq>oration shall possess the general pow 
ers, rights, and privileges, and be subject to liabilities and provisions 
contained in the eighteenth chapter of the first part of the Revised 
Statutes, so far as the same is applicable, and also subject to the 
provisions of chapter three hundred and sixty of the laws of eighteen 
hnndred and si:cty. 

Sic-noN 3. — litis act shall take effect immediately- 

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Action of the General Assembly i 

Act of Incorporation 301 

African Missions 11 

Annual Report of Receipts 13S 

Assets and Permanent bunds, Board Foreign Missions 3}i 

A Summary View 118 

Board of For. Miss.. Officers and Members of ii 

Brazil Mission 191 

Canton, China, Mission 24 

Central China Mission H 

Chili Mission MO 

China Missions 2* 

Chinese in United States 61 

Comparative Statement of Receipts 2% 

Dakota Indian Mission 109 

Fifty-fourth Annual Report 3 

Financial Statement iy> 

Furrukhabad, India, Mission 7; 

Gaboon and Corisco " u 

Guatemala " p 

India Missions 7> 

Indian Missions 109 

Japan Missions 118 

East 118 

West 1:7 

Japanese in United States 6} 

Kolhapur, India, Mission loj 

Korea " IJS 

Laos •' 1S7 

Liberia " 21 

Lodiana. India, " 7> 

Mexican " 140 

Missionaries, List of 19} 

Nez Perce, Indian, Mission iij 

Peking, China, Mission ^ 

Persia Missions 153 

Eastern 153 

Western l6t 

Receipts and Expenditures, Statement of 132 

Republic of Colombia »S 

Seneca, Indian, Mission 115 

Shantung, China, Mission J^ 

Siam Mission t/8 

SummatT of General Balance -Sheets 133 

Syria M ission 210 

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Seventy-Second Annual Report 

Board OF Education 


United States of America. 

Presented to the General Assembly, at Detroit, Mich.. May. i8gi. 


I'll HUSH Kl> BV THK BoAkll, I334 ChltiTNUT SlkHKT 

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REV, JOHN s. Macintosh, d. d., i rudolph s. walton., 

REV. Irwin p. McCURDV. D. D., SAMUEL B. HUEY, Esq.. 






— " CH AS. H.MATHEWS, Esq., 


REV. GEO. D. BAKER, D. D., - - - - Prksidknt. 
REV. JAMES M. CROWELL, D. D., - - Vice President. ■ 
REV. D. W. POOR, D. D., - - Corresponding Secret ar v. 
JACOB WILSON, - Recording Secretary amd Treasurer. 


Seventy- second Annual Report 3 

Recommendations, 3 

Financial Condition 4 

The Demand, 5 

Supplies ■ ■ 6 

Candidates Aided 8 

Theological Students, . : 8 

Collegiate Students, 9 

Academic Students, 9 

Table of Synods and Presbyteries Represented 10 

Annual Report of the Treasurer for 1880-91, 13 

Legacies Received in 1890-91, 13 

Invested Permanent Funds, 13 

Statements of Receipts by Synods, Presbyteries and Churches, 14 

Receipts from Miscellaneous Sources, 31 

Form of a Devise or Bequest, , . . . 31 

Tabular Statement of Synods and Presbyteries 3a 

Appendix : Action of the General Assembly 35 

Rules. 39 

Form of Recommendation 43 

Form of Professors' Report, ■ ■ 44 

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With gratitude to God for the goodly measure of success enjoyed 
in its department of Church work during the past year, the Board of 
Education presents to the General Assembly its Seventy -Second 

All the officers of the Board were continued the same as on the 
previous year, viz.: Rev. George D, Baker, D. D., President ; Rev. 
James M. Crowell, D. D., Vice-President; Rev. D. W. Poor, Cor- 
responding Secretary; and Elder Jacob Wilson, Treasurer. 

In January last the Board suffered a severe loss in the death ol 
Elder Samuel Field, one of its most valued members and bene&ctors, 
having belonged to it from the time of the reunion in 1870; a man 
of unstinted generosity in contributing to its funds, zealous in the 
advocacy of its cause both in public and private, and confident of the 
readiness of the Church to support it when its work was properly under- 
stood. The vacancy created by his death will not be easily filled. 


The impulse given to the enlistment of candidates by the Report 
presented by Dr. Morris in 1889, was further strengthened by that of 
Dr. Niccolls at Saratoga last year, as it revealed still more fully the great 
need of ministers and scandness of our average supplies through the 
Seminaries. The number of those recommendedby the Presbyteries has 
been unprecedentedly large, in all 955. Of these not less than 86 were 
declined, notwithstanding the urgency with which several of them were 
pressed for acceptance, leaving the number accepted at 869 an increase 
of 30 over last year. Those declined were mostly in the academic 
course, while a few of more advanced standing were late comers who 
appeared after it became evident that the Board could not consistendy 
incur any further obligations. The injury inflicted by these refusals 
is one to be deplored. Our ministry will lose thereby some valuable 
accessions ; and that too in fields whence they could be ill spared. 
Indeed the call for aid to candidates in the earlier stages of their edu- 
cation is growing louder and louder from our newly populated territories, 
where churches are freshly planted, and where laborers are scarce, and 
the means for acquiring an education are scanty. The question is : can 
these calls be met? 

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The y?ar commenced with a dtbl of $8,700. It was a weight whose 
pressure was a constant restraint upon the acceptance of recommenda- 
tions. The Board was unwilUng to run the risk of having to report a 
heavier deficit at the end of the year. Yet the promises of support 
were so fair, and the urgency of the Presbyteries was so strong, and 
the need of ministers was so evident, that the Board was 
induced to venture on assuming obligations to the utmost extent that a 
hopeful prudence would allow. Reliance too was placed upon the 
increased interest that was likely to be aroused by the two Reports 
presented by Drs. Morris and NIccolls and also on the special appeals 
made before Synods by Dr. Mutchmore, nhoathis own expense visited 
those of Indiana and Kentucky and Kansas, while the Secretary visited 
eight others. The warm welcome every where received at these visits 
and the stimulating resolutions passed, supported as they were by good 
speeches from the members were very encouraging. Nor were they 
without fruit. Yet the crop was not so large as was hoped for. As 
the months advanced the aspect of the treasury grew ominous. Pay- 
ments had to be made with borrowed money. Towards the end of the 
year, as the condition of things waxed worse, letters were sent to all 
the churches that had not as yet contributed to the Board stating its 
sore needs and begging a donation. The like were sent also to the 
committees of the Presbyteries, together with lists of the non-contribu- 
ting churches, urging them to stir up the pure minds of the brethren by 
way of reminding them of their duties to this important cause. All 
was done that could be done to raise the funds required. But notwith- 
standing these efforts, the Board regrets the necessity of reporting an 
addition to the debt of last year of $7,300 caused in part by the 
reception of an increased number of candidates urged upon it, and in 
part by a falling off in legacies. The deficiency now amounts to 
=t'$t6,000 which threatens to be a heavy incubus on the Board next year, 
compelling it to refuse many a recommendation that ought to be 
accepted. Would that the Presbyteries that recommend candidates 
felt more keenly the obligation to contribute towards their support. 

A review of the list of contributions received, even after making 
due allowance for the poverty and feebleness of many of the churches 
contributing — conditions which tend to enhance the riches of their 
hberality even in the small gifts they have sent, still suggests the 

which? tu'd it'll^eii^r«e?»d7uUe untcr •oX have le'n our Rpvri«] Xbi ku tlu^ it irJ lui yur. 

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thought that in too many instances no collection was taken up, and the 
single dollar was forwarded to save appearances ; or if it was taken up, that 
it was preceded by no statement of the nature and demands of the cause. 
It is hardly credible that any church of respectable size would lightly 
treat an interest so vital to the welfare and spread of the church when 
duly informed of its importance. Misapprehensions, no doubt, may 
exist in the minds of some individuals and in certain communities as to 
the necessity of aiding young men in their course of study for the min- 
istry, or as to the pressing need of more ministers when so many 
seem to be unemployed. Prejudices, too, against the management of 
the Board may have been awakened in some because of an unworthy 
candidate that has now and then been taken under its care. But these 
obstructions to beneficence might easily be removed by fair statements 
of counter facts that are abundantly on hand. And for presenting 
these statements the Board must depend on the ministers in charge. If 
they fail in this particular, it is virtually helpless. Instances have 
come to light where a feeble church, animated by the zeal of its 
pastor who was desirous of requiting the Board for what it had done 
for him, has sent in a collection far exceeding those from much larger 
churches. These instances awaken the wish that a like interest and 
sense of obligation were more pervasive. What an army of volunteer 
agents the Board would then have ! 

In this connection a perplexing question arises as to the best 
course to be pursued by the Board. Shall it keep the scholarships 
at the present diminished rate and decline all applications after the 
scholarships voted have amounted to its average income; or shall it 
put the scholarships at a still lower rate, so that the moneys received 
may be distributed among the entire number of applicants ? The ques- 
tion is one involving serious difhculties, as each horn of the alternative 
has strong arguments in its fevor. The Board wquld therefore like to 
have the judgment of the Assembly upon it. 


The number of churches marked Vacant in the Minutes of 1890 
is 1,163, ^" excess of 15 over that of the previous year. Many of these 
are of the (irst importance and find il not easy to ohtain'the men that 
suit. Evidently the churches are growing in size and strength more 
rapidly than capable ministers can be found for them. The conse- 
quence is that our strong men are called frequently from place to place 
as if for equal distribution; and they often leave places where, by 
reason of the peculiar needs of the region and the great influence ' 

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they have acquired, their loss is severely felt. In these transfers the 
West is generally the greatest sufferer. 

A sad lack of laborers is also reported from our mission fields and 
smaller churches. During the year ending 1S90 not less than 222 new 
churches were organized while 65 were dissolved, leaving a net increase 
of 157, for many of which no adequate provision could be secured. 
And there is prospect of a large increase in the near future through the 
labors of Sabbath -School Missionaries who during the current year have 
established over I aoo Sabbath-Schools in places where there were no 
religious privileges whatever- Many of these, we are told, promise soon 
to become the nuclei of churches requiring pastoral care. The fruits of 
such noble Evangelistic work it becomes the church to secure by 
putting them in charge of a settled ministry. 

Still further, in proportion as the churches at the South among the 
Freedmen multiply, the candidates from this class are increasing upon 
us. And these have to be aided froAi the Academic stage up to th^r 
graduation in Theology- 

Finally, the General Assembly has uiged the importance of a 
more vigorous prosecution of religious labors among the immigrarkt 
populations that are pouring in upon us at such an ominous rate. 
And men for these fields are being put under the Board's care in 
increasing numbers. These, too, must be taken into account when 
considering the question of the need of more ministers. 

In view of these facts, it will not do for our sessions and churches 
to judge of the demand in question by certain local indications that 
happen to foil under their eye. It devolves on them to take a broader 
survey of the situation, and apprehend more dearly the magnitude and 
momentousness of the work which has been committed to this Board, 
and throw themselves into it with proportionate zeal and liberality, 
seeking to enlist in the blessed service of the Gospel the worthiest 
young men they can find, and then making adequate contributions for 
the education of such as may need help in their course of preparation- 
Both are required, and every recommendation of a candidate by a 
Presbytery to the Board should be regarded as a motive and a pledge 
for every church in that Presbytery to contribute something towards 
his'support while studying. 


While our churches are multiplying at this rapid rate, there was 
only a small increase in the graduates from our Theological Seminaries 
last year. In all they numbered 218, only 12 in advance of those 
the year previous, the increase being in McCormick and Lane Semi- 

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naries. Judging somewhat by the localities these graduates are from, 
we shall have to deduct about a dozen from this aggregate, as destined 
for other denominations. What accessions have been made by the 
ordinadon of non-graduates we have no means of ascertaining 
Plainly enough, however, our educated candidates are not equaling the 
demand as yet. 

As has often been emphasized, the failure above noted results in 
two evils. One is, that it necessitates the ordination of imperfectly 
trained men to meet the pressing wanL These, in many instances, 
alter a while, betray their incompetency and become supernumeraries. 
TJie other is, a resort to other denominations for supplies who may be 
only in partial sympathy with us and understand not our methods. 
And with noble exceptions these often disappoint expectation and fail 
to co-operate with us heartily- Our true policy, therefore, is to 
consecrate and educate our own sons to the work in our own schools 
and in numbers sufficient to meet all exigencies. This is the only way 
to secure a homogeneous ministry, strong and acceptable to the people. 
Moreover it is exceedingly desirable that this education should be 
conducted as nearly as possible to the fields where the young men 
belong. This will tend to keep them where they are often most needed. 
This is said with special reference to those living in the West and South. 
Proximity fi^equently has a determining influence in the matter of 
employment and settlement, and also of fitness. Instances constandy 
occur where the, sons of the West, when educated at the East, remain 
at the East to the loss of their own region, especially if they happen to 
be men of superior ability. This fact has led to the organization of a 
new Theological Seminary at Omaha, though some of our Eastern 
Seminaries are by no means full. The plea is : We must have our 
candidates educated at home if we are to carry on our church work 
successfully. It is this &ct also which gives such importance in a 
religious point of view to the Board of Aid for Colleges and Academies, 
helping, as it does, to found its institutions upon new fields, and thus 
furnishing ^cilides for the education of young men resident there. At 
the same time, it must be remembered, that every such new Institution 
makes new demands upon the Board of Education in aid of the 
candidates in the earlier stages of their studies. 

A feet worthy of note in this connection, is that proposals have 
come from some of our Missionary Presbyteries for instituting a less 
protracted and cosdy course of study for candidates who are expected 
to supply our smaller country churches and mission fields. This plan is 
now adopted by our Congregational brethren both at the East and West , 

Digitized by GOOJ^Ie 


provision being made for such education at Bangor and at Chicago, as 
called for by the exigencies of the situation. Unless our ChurCh makes 
more liberal provision for educa.ting our candidates, a like measure 
may be forced upon us to save our churches- An average of two 
hundred graduates per year will by no means suffice to fill our vacancies, 
man our new churches, and make good our losses by death and 
dismissal. These are facts which require constant reiteration and 
earnest consideration. 


The number of candidates under care of the Board has increased 
from 839 to 869. They are distributed through their course of study 
as follows : in the Theological seminaries, 368 ; in Colleges, 443 ; in 
the Preparatory departmeni, 58. 

Classified according to their nationality and race : 38 are Germans ; 
103 Negroes ; 4 Scandinavians ; i Japanese ; 3 Bohemians ; 4 Bulgar- 
ians; I Turk ; 1 Spaniard ; 3 Sioux Indians ; 6 Mexicans ; 1 Brazilian. 
The rest are American, Scotch, Irish and Dutch. 

In point of scholarship 263 are marked high; 320 medium-j- ; 
244 medium; 19 medium — ; 3 low. A few of those marked below 
medium have been retained on special information from their instructors 
that their excellence in other respects warrants good hope of success 
in the ministry; 5 have been obliged to suspend study on account of 
ill health ; 6 have withdrawn, having found other means of support ; 
4 have been called away by death; 21 though accepted by the Board 
on Presbyterial recommendations, were not reported by their profes- 
sors as needing the scholarship and, therefore, they were not paid. 

Those who have completed their studies at the Theological Semi- 
naries, and have been graduated this spring, are as follows: From 
McCormick, 40; Princeton, 22; Union, 13; Lane, 6; Western, 7; 
Auburn, 4 ; Biddle, 5 ; Newark, 2. 

The institutions at which our candidates have been studying are 
tabulated below. 

McCormickTheologicalSenunary I Newark German Sem., Bloom- 
Chicago, 111 132 j field, N.J 7 

Princeton TheoloKtcal Stm. N. J. 74 ' German ThcoloKicalScboolof the 
Union TheologicalSem, N.Y. City 63 , N. W-, Dubutjue, Iowa . . . 5 

Western Tlieological Seminary, Danville TheologicalSem., Ky. . 5 

Allegheny. Pa 35 Hartford Theological Sem., Ct. . 4 

Lane Theo. Sem., Cincinnati, O. 19 ! San Francisco Theo. Sem., Cal. . 3 
Auburn Theological Sem, N. Y. . la Howard Univ., Washington D. C. 1 

Lincoln University, Pa 9 I 

Biddle Univ., Charlotte N. C, . . 9 ' 368 

Digitized by Google 

Lincoln University, Pa 43 

Princeton ColteEC, N. J 35 

llniversiiy of Wooster, Ohio . . 34 

Park College, Farkville, Mo. . . a6 

Biddie Univ. Charlotte, N. C. . . 15 

Wabash Col., Crawfordsville, Ind. 14 

Hanover College, Ind la 

Marietu College, Ohio it 

Mtrjrville College, Tenn 10 

Centre College, Danville, Ky. . 9 
Newark German Theo. Seminary, 

Bloorafield, NJ 8 

German TheoloKical School of the 

Northwest, Dubuque, la. . . 8 

Macalester Coll. St. Paul, Minn. 8 

Gmve City College, Pa 7 

Washington and Jefierson Coll; 

Washington, Pa 6 

Oberlin College, Ohio 5 

Presbyterian Coll., of the South- 
west, Del Norte, Col 5 

Blackburn Univ., Carlinville, III. 5 

New Windsor College, Md. ... 5 

Alma College, Mich 5 

Franklin Coll.. New Athens ... 4 

University of New York City . . 4 
University of Colorado, Boulder, 


Hamilton College, Clinton, N. V 

Col. . 

Union Coll., Schenectady, N. V. 
University of West Virginia, Mor- 

^ntown, W. Va 

Will lams Col.,Willian]stown,Mass. 
Ursinus College, ColJegeville, Pa. 

Bellevue College, Neb 

Illinois Coll. Jacksonville, III, . . 
Westminster Coli,, Fulton, Mo. . 
University of Rochester, N. V. . 
Univer^ty of Iowa ....... 

Highland University, Kan. . 

Lafayette College, Easton, 

Emporia College, Kan 

Parsons CoUeee, Fairfield, la. - 
Lake Forest University, III. - - . 
Yale College, New Haven, Ct. . 

Ripon College. Wis 

Westminster College, New Wil- 

mington, Pa .- . . . 

Drury College, Springfield, Mo. . 

Hillsdale College, Mich 

Lawrence Univ., Appleton, Wis. 
Miama Univ., Oxford, Ohio . . . 
Univ. of Vermont, Burlington, Vt. 

Oxford University, Miss 

Muskingum Coll., New Concord, 


Greenville and Tusculum College, 

Tu.sculum, Tenn 

Albion College, Mich. . . 
Washburn College, Topeka, Kan. 
Washington and Lee Univereity, 

Lexmgton, Va 

HeidetburgUniv.,Tiffin,Ohio . . 
Kan. StateUniv., Lawrence, Kan. 
Knox College, Galesbui^, 111. . . 

Clinton Academy, Mo 

Univ. of Mich., Ann Harbor, Mich. 
University of the Pacific, College 

Park, Cal 

Monmouth College, 111 

WashingtonCoUege, Tenn. . . . 
Northern Indiana Normal School, 

- Valparaiso, Ind 

Berea College, Ky 

Univ. of Penna., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Coe College, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 
CaHeton Coll., Northfield, Minn. 
Hastings College 

Biddie University, Charlotte. N. C. 
Macalester Coll., St. Paul, Minn. 

Emporia College, Kan 

Pierre Univ., E. Pierre, S. D. . . 
Lewis Academy, Wichita, Kan. . 
Glen Rose Collegiate Inst., Texas 
Lake Forest University, III. . . . 

Bellevue College, Neb 

Newark German Theo. Seminary 

Bloomfield. N. J 

German Theolt^cal School of the 

Northwest. Dubuque, la. 


Blackburn Univ. Carlinville, III. 

Easton Academy, Pa 

Bucknetl Acad,, Lewisburjh, Pa. 

Maryville College, Tenn 

Parsons College, Pairtield, la. . 
Seneca Falls Academy, N. Y. . . 
Union Academy, Anna, III, - . . 
Ferguson Acad., Abbeville, S.C. 
Pennin^on Seminary, N. J. . - 
Clyde High .School, N. Y. , - . 
Amherst High School, Mass. 

Park College. Parkville, Mo. 
University of Wooster, Ohio 
Dryden Union School, N. Y. 
Marietta College, Ohio . . .. 


I ] York Collegiate Institute, Pa, , 

i I Geneva High School. N, Y. . . 

r i Whitman College, Walla Walla, 

[ I Wa^ 

Digitized by Google 



SvNOD OF Atlantic. Presbylery of Atlantic, a ; Fairfield, J3 ; Knojc, 2 ; 
McClelland, 13 40 

Synod of Baltiwore. Pnshytery of Baltimore, 8 ; New Castle, 6 ; Wash- 
ington City, 5 19 

Synod of Catawba. Presbylery of Cape Fear, 7 ; Catawba, 9 ; S. Vir- 
ginia, I ; Yadkin, 5 aa 

SvmodofColorai>o. Presbytery oi^ovAA^x,^; Denver, 2; Pueblo, 3. . 8 

Synod of Columbia. Presbytery o( Portland, i ; Willamette, i. , . .' . 2 

SvNOD OF Illinois. Presbytery of Alton, 5 ; Bloomington, a ; Cairo, 5 ; 
Chicago, 18; Freeport, 5; Mattoon, 3; Ottawa, 3; Peoria, 3; Rock 
River, a; Schuyler, 5; Springfield, 5 56 

Synod OF Indiana. /Vwivderc of Crawfordsville, 13; Fort Wayne, a; 
Indianapolis, 4; Logansport, 61 Muncie, 5; N. Albany, ig; Vincennes, 
I ; White \Vater, a 5a 

Synod of Iowa. Presbytery of Cedar Rapids, 5 ; Council Blufls, 4 ; I>es 
Moines, 5; Dubuque, \i\ Fort Dodge;4; Iowa, 15; Iowa City, 4 ; 
Waterioo, i 50 

Synod of Kansas. Presl^tery of Emporia, 23 ; Highland, 2 ; Neosho, 4 ; 
Topeka. 9 38 

Synod of Kentucky. Presbytery of Ebenezer, 5 ; Louisville, 3 ; Transyl- 
vania, II 19 

Synod of Michigan. Presbytery of Detroit, a ; Grand Rapids, i ; Kala- 
maloo, 2 : Lansing, 4 ; Monroe, 2 ; Petosky, i ; Saginaw, a 14 

Synod of Minnesota. Presbyteryai Duluth, 2 ; Mankato, i ; St. Paul, 14. 17 

Synod of Missouri. Presbytery of Kansas City, i ; Ozark, 1 ; Palmyra, 
3; Platte, 41 ; St. Louis, 7 53 

Synod of Nebraska. Presbylery of Hastings, 4 ; Omaha, 10 14 

Synod op New Jersey. Presbytery of Elizabeth, a ; Jersey City, 3 ; Mon- 
mouth, 3 ; Morris and Orange, 1 ; Newark, 12 ; New Brunswick ai ; 
Newton. 4 ; West Jersey, 3 49 

Synod OF New Mexico. /yMiy/ery of Santa Fe, 3 3 

Synod of New York. Presbytery tii Albany. 7 ; Binghamton, 1 : Bostwi, 
3 ; Brooklyn, 10 ; Bufblo, 3 ; Cayuga, 7 ; Champlain, 1 ; Genesee, a; 
Geneva, 4; Long Island, i ; Lyons, 2 ; New York, 19 ; Niagara, 3 ; 
Otsego, a; Rochester, 2 ; St. Lawrence, i ; Steuben, 4 ; Syracuse, 5 ; 
Troy, 2 ; Utica, 31 ; Westchester, 5 105 

Synod OF N. Dakota. Prest^tery ofFargo,i; Pembina, a 3 

Synod OF Ohio. /Vwiyd^jyof Athens. 13; Bellefontaine, i ; Chillicothe, i; 
Cincinnati, 10; Cleveland, 3; Columbus, 4 ; Dayton, 1 ; Huron, 7; 
Lima, a ; Mahoning, a ; Marion, 3 \ Maumee, 4 ; Portsmouth, i ; St 
Clairsville, 5 ; Steubenville, 6; Wooster, ao; Zanesville, 6 89 

Synod OF Pacific. iVMiytoyofBenicia, i ; Los Angeles, i ;Sacramento, 
I ; San Francisco. 1 ; San Jose, i 5 

Synod OF Pennsylvania. Presbytery of Allegheny, i; Blsursville, 6; 
Butler, 10 ; Carlisle, 5 ; Chester, 40 ; Clarion, a ; Erie, 6 ; Huntingdon, 
I ; Kittanning, i ; Lackawana, 3 ; Lehigh, 9 ; Northumberland, 3 ; 

Digitized by Google 


Philadelphia 131 Philadelphia Central, 16; Philadelphia North, 7; 
Kttsburg, 8 ; Redstone, 4 ; Shenango, 4 ; Washington, la ; West- 
minster, 3 ; West Virginia, 5 159 

SvNOD OP S. Dakota. Presbytery ai Central Dakota, 3; Dakota, 3; 

S. Dakota, 3 7 

Synod op Trnnbssbe. Presbytery or Holston, 5 ; Kingston, 4 ; Union, 10. 19 

SvNOD OP Tbxas. Preslryiery of N. Texas, i ; Trinity, 3 4 

SvnodopUtah. Presbytery oiMXsAi, t 3 

Synod Dir Washington. /V»'(^i!fr>' of Idaho, a a 

SvNOD op Wisconsin. Presbytery of Aberdeen, i ; La Crosse, i ; 
Madison, g; Milwaukee, 1 ; Winnebago, 6. 18 

The members of the Board, whose term of service expires this 
year, are as follows : Ministers — Samuel A. Mutchmore, D. D., J. H. 
Mimro, D. D., and E. B. Hodge. Elders — James F. Gayley, 
M. O., Charles H. Matthews, Esq., and George Peirce, Esq. The 
vacancies to be filled are those of Samuel Field, deceased, and Wm. 
Few Smith, A. M., resigned, whose terms would have expired in 1892, 
and James F. Magee, who declined his appointment last year. 

All of which is respectfully submitted by order of the Board. 
D. W. POOR, 
Correspmtding Secretary. 

Digitized by Google 

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Il.:<lil-=l2l|-sas?:il^ 2 


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D,j,i,i.aL, Google 



May. Estate Alex. Folsom, Bay City, Mich, (in part) . . . t 3tOO0 00 

June. " J. A. Jacobs, Danville, Ky., (for investment) . 7,168 94 

" " Mrs. C. M. Northrop, Newark, N. J 100 00 

" " Hannah E. Hope, Mt. Jackson, Pa 623 39 

Ofl'r. " Andrew Martin, Centre Co., Pa. 47;i o« 

Nov'r. " M. S. Purviance, Baltimore, Md. (residue) . . 4 33 


Jaau'y. " William Thaw, Pittsburgh, Pa 00 

" " Nancy Evans, Coshocton, 380 00 

" " C. W. McGonigal, Mt. Heasant, 1,000 00 

Febr'y. " Alex, Folsom, Bay City, Mich, (in part) . . . 3,000 00 

" " Elizabeth Bartlette, Orange, N. J 3,783 20 

»' Rev. E. H. Reinhart, Elizabeth, N. J 400 00 

March. " " John Spaulding, D. D., New York . . . 2,500 00 

April. " " John McCiintock, D. D.,Cannichaels, Pii. 5000 

#23,484 66 


InvcMiiKiils. Income. 

Philadelphia City 6% Bonds #27,950 00 #1,677 <>o 

Bonds and Mortgages on Philadelphia City Prop- 
erty at 5^ 19,000 00 1,106 30 

Bonds and Mortgages on Western Property at 
ife with Guarantee, including part of 
Newberry Fund 101655 00 745 85 

Bonds and Mortgages an Western Property with 
Guarantee, at 6%, including part of the 
Newberry and part of the Jacobs Fund , 17,575 00 874 88 

Colorado— Pitkin Co. Bond ■ 100 00 6 00 

#75,a8o 00 #4.410 03 

Interest from Trustees of Patterson Estate, Pittsburgh, Pa. . . #261 40 
" " " " Matthew Scott Fund, Ohio .... 30 00 

" " " " Charles Wright Estate, Canton, Pa. . 19 00 

" " " " Hatch Legacy, Rochester, N. Y. . . 50 00 

Digitized by Google 

Statement of Receipts 



By ^mods, Pre^ieriei and Omrches, 

For the Year ending April i^th, i8gi. 

Attant*e Preibt/Utrv. 
Bemo. • 1 00 

Chuleacon. Olivet . . 2t~ 
Junes Iftl&ad .... 1 ( 
Hoont Fleauiuit. ... 1 ( 

fbirfleia PmbuUni. 

Cumel 3( 

Cherew \l 

Uood Will ■ D 

T«bere an 

Knox PnAyttTy. 

Ifedlrvr' '.'.'.'.'.'.'. • 

Vvn Hope. SO 


UfOMattd PteOtvleni- 

Abbeyvllle. ad ... . 1 o 


Mt. ZIoD 10 

KuMlB '20 

TKiuvlll« -iO 

BatUmore Prefbytern. 

Balllmore, luC 20G 00 

" M StU 

" I2th 12 DO 

" Abbolt Hero'l . 1 00 

" AlaqulthSt, . . ft 00 

" Bounduj-ATe. «3 44 

" Brosdway ... 12 00 

'■ Ueolral ISM 

" FWtll 7 00 

" Fulton Ave. . 2 00 

" I«F>iyetIe8q'e. n ap 

" Llghl RCreet . . 10 66 

" Kidalev 8t.Cbu> 6 £2 

" WnCmlniler. . 1> U 

Bel Air * >!! 


Camberluid, IK . . . IS Oo 

ailoott Cltj — 

Bmmlttsburali .... 
nedwlok Oiy .... 



Highland 10 00 


HkTra de Qnca .... 


Mount Pann 

N«w Wlnd*or 


TuwTtown 2S 18 

Th« Otmt I — 

- m 1 

Ketu OaMt PnOrvtery. 

BiIdgeTllle ... t 

Buckinsbui 3 

ChewpMka City ... G 

ChrlMJuu 1 

Dwwyer'j .,'.'.'..'. s 

Elkton IS 

Gresn Hill 2 

Head of Ghitatlan* . . s 

' — T Bnudywloe . . 7 

rd 20 

^utiiti BB 

PenCRder 12 

Princen Anna .... a 

PIK'i Cmek fl 

Port Dtpoalt g 

Fort Ponn a 

Red Clay Creek .... S 

Bock S 

SmjTDa & 

Wert NoOlnKbam ... 16 

tt-blleCla; a«ek. . . « 

Wicomico S 

WUmlngton.M. ... 10 

■' Central. . . 12» 

■■ Olivet .... 1 

" Kodaey Bt . 10 

'■ Weat .... a 

ZiOD 10 

WoMttgUm Wu Prabtlen. 


CtJpe Ffar PrrOryleri. 
HaTTOort 1 M 

ML Olive ■« 

Mt nc«Bnt ..... 1 1» 
Ral^b. Davr stccM . 1 m 
^illoti IN 

Oalamba Pmlii/lfDi. 
Concotd iX 

South Mrginia PrnlrtUr, 

Altid«ht la 

Ebenexec : iv 

Yadkin Prrthgifn,. 

Cuthage I rj 

(^meron :! • 

Chapelmu 10* 

Digitized by GOOJ^Ie 

■ CspUol Ave. . . 
' Hlghlaod Fuk . 

' North. . 

OunnlMfi Freabt/Ury. 

AfcUo Pmbj/terj). 

Colando BiHlnga . . 

Trinidad, IM . 

ArfloTul Preibi/lery, 

aim™ - 1 

Eui Portluid. m . 

Oreson aty '. 

WtUameOe Preibylerii. 

Ciswfoidvllle 2 

Eiigeuo Cliy B 

Pleaawt Grov« . 

AtUm Pretbytrry. 

CairoUtoQ . 
ColllnHVlUe ! 



Lebanon . . . 
Utchfleld. . . 
Salem, German 
Upper Allot! . 

Woodbum. <:ei 

Uernronh . . 

Uoopestoa . . 

MlnoDK . . . 
Hontlcei;o . . 

Phllo .'.'.'.'. 
Pontlac .... 
Prolrfe View. 
Rankin . . . 
RoaavlUe . . . 

WtyneavlUe . 
WelllDgtou . . 

Oxiro Prabytery. 

Cairo 1 

Carbondale 1 

Cinnl 1 

Du Qnoln '.'.'.'.'.'.'. 
FUifleld liC 


I Oalnm t 2 00 

OolcondB S 00 

UurlibuTK S 00 

McLeaQBboto 2 00 

Meliopolb .... 1 DO 

L Mouni Cacmel, 1st . . 8 00 

Nashville 5 00 

Oak Grove g 80 

, Tamaroa IS 00 

[ Union 2 7G 

112 17 
Chieago Prabylery. 

I Anetln 26 63 

I Srookllne s £6 

. Cabery 7 OO 

I Chicago, l9t lis 43 

•■ iHi German. . . 3 00 

' Id stnoo 

M 21SS0 

' 4Ih 870 M 

' nih 83 40 

' Blh 42 U 

I 41s[ Street ... 30 « 

' Central Park! '. 5 00 

' Covenanl. ... 20010 

' Emerald Avenue G 6& 

' FUllcrton ■' . . 6S 28 

' OiacB 100 

' Holland . g 00 

' Jeflbnmn Park . 8 34 

' He-Union ... 600 

■ Scotch 14 00 

, Englewood. 1b( . . . . SB AS 

. Evanslon, Irt 134 98 

, (ilenwood 1 00 

Heischer 1 DO 

Uomewood 2 00 

, Hyde Paik Gl 44 

'—-A 1 00 

t, laC ...... . 15 00 

' Cenltal .... no 01 

, Uike, lat 1 00 

, Idka Foreet . . . . 158 .Vt 

I Maywood '.'.'.'.'.'.'. w 00 

I Moreland 1 51 

, New Hope 5 00 

{ Normal Park is 2S 

( Oak Park 38 65 

, Peolone 22 29 

I Klver Forest 12 00 

L Klverilde, lat ^19 

, South Evanatan 37 50 

1 Wheeling. German . . G 00 

' will 1 00 

, Wilmington 7 50 

, Woodlawn Park. . . 4« OU 

2l!A 4.1 
. I Fretjiort Pretbylery. 

1 Cedari-Ulo 2 75 

I ForMton. Grove ... G OU 

1 '™sd'. German . . 2 00 

I Galena, 1st 12 7« 

i ' • aoutli .... -£05 

I Linn and Hebnin . . 5 00 

I Mateni^ , 26 30 

I MlddleCreek- ■ . . . 1500 

I Oregon 16 4g 

' KIdgeSeldl 7 70 

Digitized by Google 

Roenrotd. lit ) 33 00 

" WeHtmliuter . . 11 8t 

Riick Run 1 <» 

Wanen S 00 

Willow Creek » U 

WlDaebuo,in. ... 808 

Woodstock 10 ai 

German .... S HO 

ZloQ, " .... 10 00 

15» 11 
MaOoon Prttbytery. 

Aahmore G 00 

AasumpClon Ifl S5 

Betbsnr I 60 

Casey 1 SO 

CbarlesloD 11 S& 

Efflngbam iW 

Greenup 1 B2 

Kama 5 00 

Uarsball SM 

HatlDOn «<10 


Neoga 2 00 

New Hope 1 55 

Pana 8 S» 

Parta 10 50 

Pleasant Prairie . . 5 HJ 

PialrleBlrd 5 25 

Tajlorvllla 6 OU 

Tower UlU 4 25 

Vaadalta - B 00 

West Ukaw 2 90 

114 B5 
OUaiaa Pretbjftem 

An Sable Orove .... 10 SJ 

Aurora 2 80 

Grand Ridge 5 2^ 

Plato ,;:;:!!!! 4 75 

Jtocbelle TOO 

Mandwli'b 8 60 

Streatur. Park .... 13 OU 

Waltbam G DO 

57 \t 
Peoria Preri)yttry. 

BrImHeld '.','.'.','.'. 4 00 

Canton 6 13 

Uelavaa 8 00 

lainlrtt 18 00 


Kureka 13 77 

Fannln([ton a 00 

iialesburgh 17 17 

Ipava 28 00 

ifnnjvllle 11 20 

I^wLilown, iBt. . . . 80 00 

OueldA 3 00 

Peoria, lit 81 ^i 

" 2d 69 W 

;; Bethel a 00 

Flfnrj.'vlllc .'.'.'.'.'. 23 28 

Proauect 21 55 

Waa£lngtOQ 6 00 

Tates atr 5 00 

Boek Siver Preebptvry. 

Aledo H4 37 

Aahlon S 00 

Coal Valley". '.'.'.'.'. 85 

m»on 1240 

Edglainon 8 50 

FrankilQOfOTe. ... boo 

Fulton 100 

Geooeo * 00 

Milan 3 «0 

Ulllersburgb 4 71 

lloiriaon W 40 

Korwood 6 "" 

Peoiel 6 

PleaaiiDt Ridge .... 

Princeton 24 

Rock lalaad, Bmad'ar. 28 

'■ ■' Central , , IS 

Sterling. Ist 08 

Woodbull 7 

gehvyUr PntbyUry. 

Appanoose 10 

Hrooklyn T 

Burton, UemorJal . . fi 

Camp Creek S 

Cartbage. Ist 85 

Chill 8 

Clayton, let 8 

l)odd)v1lla 2 

Klllngton, MemoilaJ . 2 

tlvaaton . . ■ . 5 

FouDtaIn Green .... 1 

Heisman 12 

Klrkwood 10 

Liberty 1 

Monmouth 36 

Mt. Sterling, lat . . . . 24 

New Salem 4 

Oquawka '. 8 

PiTmolltb I 

ftiiitbvllle 14 

Salem, German .... 5 


SpHnafleld Prerin/Urff. 

Decatur, let SO 

Irish drove .".'.'.'.'. 6 
JaRk'nvllle, Weelmter 22 

Lincoln.lst 2 

Macon 8 

Maroii 4 

Mason City 7 

North Siinganion ... 15 

Pelersburgh 10 

Phgah lit 

I'leaxant Flainn .... 3 

Kpringficld, let ... . 110 

Mnlty ....'.'.'.'.'. 5 

Virginia 7 

CVoui/w[l» Prr^it/I*rp. 

Attloa 8 

Beuiany t S IS 


Delphi, IM . . . 




Lafayette, 2d . . 

Maisbficid .... 

Newtown .... 
Pleasant UUI . . 
Rockvllle. . . . 
Roaavllle .... 
Stale Line . . . 
Sugar Creek . . 
We«l Lebanon . 
WlllUnuport . . 

IndUXTMpotii Pre^ylery. 

Aclon lOT 

Balnbtldge 1 «> 

Bethany 5 75 

nioonHngion.Wal-lSi. .'i Oj 

Hopewell . 

Iji Pitrte '.'.'.'.'.'.'. 

Lugaii9port,l9l .... 

" Broadway . 

Michigan CTty 





SDUthBeDd.W. . . . 

Digitized by Google 

Muimie PretbifterD. 
Andenon. 1st 2 

New Hope . 
NoblarllJe . 

Xew At/Cany Prftbffterj;. 

Bedford 7 2 

VbRiieeUywa SO 

i-urrilon 8 5 


Vullaon, iBt . . . . 
Hew Albaoy.Jd . 
M . 
Kew WublogtOD . 
Owen Creek . . . 

fern Oantt, MoBkt St, 



WhUe Wattr Prfubyttry. 

Dreensburgh . 
■[■rmoDv. . . 
Mounl CmneX 

KirbmoDd . . 
KtaiDK Sun . . 


New Hope t 

Kaltl UkocbomBli '. 1 

Muteogtt Preibylerp. 

Uuicogse, Ut 13 

Nuyaka 5 

R^ Fork 6 

Wewoka f. 

Cedar Bapitti Frfibplery. 

Usrrlsoa . . . 
Llna Grave . . 


Sprliigvllle . 
WjrumlDg . 

Audubon , 

Cbibod . , 
aulnd& . 

Coming, . 

Diagonal . 

Missouri Valiey '. 
Randolph . . . 

Sidney ..,'.'. 


ChHrllon . . . . 
Dallu Cuitre '. 


KnoxvUte, lit . . .1 11 CO 

Leigbtda iVO 

Leon 4 00 

New Sharon 2 00 

Newton S CO 

Plf moutb 4 00 

Rldged^e 9 00 

Wlntersot II CO 

177 U 
Dulruqiit Prethjittyy. 

Bethel 8 00 

CeDtreloim. Oetman . 1 00 

' ■2a\'. '.'.'. 25 00 

Gennan . 12 00 

Dyenrllle, German . , loo 

Farley 6 00 

HarletoD 1 OO 

Hopklnton 6 00 

IndependeDce, lit . . ftl 11 

Lauilng. IM G 00 

Pine Creek S 00 

Pleasant Qrore . . . . ' 4 OO 

Walker 2 50 

Waukon, German . . SO 00 

WUson'a Grora .... 2 OO 

ITS 21 
fbrt Dodge Pmbi/tery. 

Bethel 1 SO 

Carroll 4 60 

Coon Rapldi 4 00 

Dana 6 00 

Dedham 1 00 

Emanuel, Gennan . . 8 00 

Ealhervllle. lit ... . S ST 

Glldden . 4 00 

Omnd Junction ... 19 05 

Lyon Co., German. . 2 Ml 

0'BrlenCo.,Scotcb. . 5 80 

Sao City 12 00 

Sanbome 3 00 

SIouz City, 2d ... . S 00 

SlormLake 100 

Vail 8 CO 

Wbeatlaud, Oerman . 7 00 

04 52 
Iowa PreMbytery. 

Birmingham .... - 1 48 

Borllngton, 1st ... , 18 24 

Faimefd 13 «) 

Keokuk, Wealmlnster 51 'S 

KIrkville 2 11 

LIbenyvllie' '.'.','.'. 2 24 

MartlnabuTK 7 5I> 

MediapoliH I 77 

Mlddletown 2 00 

Muntrwe 3 00 

Mount PleasaDt. Ist . SL 115 

SI. I'cter'", Evangelical 5 00 

Wen Point G 00 


/oira CUy Prctbylery. 

AtalLsuB 2 00 

Digitized by Google 

Oediir Valley . . 

CniwfbniBVille . 
IteTenport, li ' 
I>eep River , 
KldAdge . . 
Faiivleir . . 
Uennon . . 

WuhlnMoD . . 
Wat Ufeity, li 
Wllllanuliunib . 

Wilton . 

Waterloo Frc^>ylrrv. 

Ackley 25 oa 

Albion 3 00 

Cedai FiOle, let . ... 800 

CedBI Valley 1 00 

ClttTtavlile 7 OO 

Gnindy Oatre .... 1» 00 

IlDUuid, Oerm&a . . Z» 00 

JanesTnie 2 00 

KamraTp German . . - ^ '2^ 

Manhalllown S 00 

Noviuto 9 OO 

SUle CeDtre fl SO 

Toledo '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 4 eo 

Walertoo. iBt 14 no 

Weat FrlesliDd Ger. . 42 00 

179 81 

Emporia Preibpterj/. 

Belle Flaine ... . 300 

Burlinjiamc 4 CO 

rlenr Water. '.'.'.'.'. 5 00 

CollonwoodFAls. . . 4 in 

Council Gnree , , . . fi oo 

El Paso S DO 

filmendaro 9 oo 

HamlltOD 3 DO 

MadiiKin 2 09 

Marion 1|< DO 

MulTgne '.'.'.'.'.'.'. 2 DO 

Neal .... 8 00 

OM«e Cily H 00 

rStone. '.'.'.'.'.'.'. 2 00 

Phcri* Creefc 1 00 

Perkins 3 oo 

QuGnemo 12 19 

Waveily .>..'.'... 7 22 i 

WelUngton, 1st. . . . lUO 

While City 4 9 

Wicbita, laC IS a 

" Oak street. , . 4 9 

■• Weal Mde. ... 21 

" Lincoln Btreel. 7 fl 

WlWe 2 

Wtnfleld 18 9 

192 1 
Highland Prfibt/tery. 
CTlfton ... .... 65 

Cominit 2 

Hlawatba 27 

Higbland, IM . . . . 12 

H6iton, lat 22 9 

Horton 8 1 

Marysvllle 8 9 

NorloDVille 2 

Troy .'.'.'.','..'.'. 3 2 
VennilliOD 10 

Washington ^ ^ 

Lamea PTeOtytery. 
ATllnfcton IV 

Hutchinson". '.'.'.'.'. 28 S 

Liberal, ist so 

McPherson 21 1 

Slerllng 10 

yeotlto Pretbytery. 
CarlylB . . 

Humboldt . 

Lake Creak '. . . 
MlnenJ:i Point . 

Oibomc Pmbytery. 
Oberlin '. '. '.'.'.'.'■'. 

Solomon Pretbylen/. 





Cawktr <1ly 

l<tDne8poli» . 
Solomon Ctty . 
Wilson, Isl. . 

Sienfier Prtibytery. 

Aablaod, 1st 21 

Auguala ........ 8 

Covington, IsI . . . . 127 

Ebenejer 3 

Flemingaburgh .... It 

! MouDt Merllng, Isl . 

New Concord .... 

; PariB. Int 

! , Plkeville 

lAmUviUe Preibyterv. 

Shelbj-ville, irt. 

15 4« Detroit, 1st . 

Digitized by Google 


Redwood T^ia . . 

, at. Pcter'a, Union , 

WiDDetMgo, city la 

Worchlnglon , . . 

' Moorhead, in . 

; FUToingtoD . . . 



Long Idke .... 

UBcaleMCT . . . . 
' HlnD«apo1le, lit . 

' Fisnklla ;. . . . 
' Mltund Park . 

St.'cmli Falls ; ! 
I M.PauI.CantiBl . 

SLPanl, V«Miiiliuter. ( « SS 

atlliwMar,lB( ux 

VenolUloD g OO 

White Bear Kke ... 2 40 

WUlmar ■ - 4 oo 

WOtona Prubvterg. 

Albert L«a gm 

Aunin g 00 

Chatfield t 07 

Bbenner g 25 

FIsDk Hilt, Gemun . 2 00 

Oakluul 1 00 

Preewn 6 00 

Kochoalor, Isl . . . . 5 OO 

Winona, Oeonan ... z oO 


&m*at OUy Pretbyttry. 

AppletOD City ... n 00 

CHnton . 10 00 

Oreenvood 4 go 

Holden 4 75 

JeflbrsoD Cltj .... 2 00 

Kansas City, 2d. ... lOo W 

" Biiiii' *'■ ""* 

Knob Noater 3 go 

Montroae 2 70 

Nevada 2 00 

Rajmore fl b1 

rUob Hill 12 M 

Salam 1 gp 

Sedalla, Umadway . . is DO 

Tipton B 00 

Weatfleld 7 m 

200 7S 
Otark Pntbiflery. 

OafUagB 14 87 

Ebenezei Uda 

Eureka BpdDgg .... 10 00 

Oolden aty, 1« , . . 10 00 

Joplln 17 17 

UouDt Vemoa .... e OD 

Neoibo 3 00 

Ozark FtaMe g 00 

Shlloh ig 

Sprlngfleld a «o 

Webb City, Is: ... . B 00 

West PUiu G 00 

91 17 
Palmyra Pretbylery. 
Bmokfleld, Ist . . . . 14 S5 
Hiianlbal 20 00 

Knox <lty ! '. ! * 1 '. 1 ou 

.N^°Pi^Tidenoo '.'.'. 2 00 
rnlonTllle a 00 

Wilson 100 

rtulte I'mbyitry. 

Digitized by Google 

. t -MM 

as ta 
10 on 

ec 14 M 

Perth AmboT . 
PlalaSeld. Lit 
" Cresent 
PluckBinln . , 
B&bvrey, III . 

" G«niuui 
Raselle. . . . 
Spiinefleld, 1st 
WoodMdic. . 

Jertey Cflj/ Preibyltrg. 

Arlington . . , 
UftckeDwck . 

Jersey City, u 

" Qaremani , 
" Scotch 

PatenoQ. 1st . 

Weal Hoboken 
WcalMUfanl . 

MbnntimUi Pretbt/tfrp. 

Bereriy . . . . 
BordeDtown, If 
BuTllnnoD . . 

Forked Blvei 


Ocean Beech '. 
Oceanlr. . . . 
Perrlnevllle . . 

00 ' TeDDeDt . 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 

639 S8 
MarriM it Orvnfft nvtbytery. 

K-nnlon at 00 

iliwluun 28 W 

chMter. 1st 10 00 

Iiiiver 64 ea 

•■ Welsh 4 00 

e. OT*n«e. Brtck ... tu OO 

" M I« 50 

" Betbel ia SI 

Flanlen 2 00 

ilcnnui Valley . . - . 5 00 

HmiuTef 20 00 

Uillilde MCO 

Miidl»ii 137 SB 

SfoadhMin. 1>I . . . . It 12 

■■ Al IB 00 

UlneHUl SCO 

Hurrti Plklmi . . , . . 11 00 

ilucTiKown, Isl . . . . 100 00 

■■ Souih aire«[ . . 110 7B 

Ml OUts 8 00 

MTCiiTllle.Ctennan . , S 00 

\i!W PruvldeDre ... 14 00 

Nec VerDOD b 00 

OnnKe. lii 200 OO 

-' Cenim » 00 

" In (jennui ... li 00 

Puslppany 00 

I'lewu»VaUsi,tier'ri. 4 00 

K.«k«w«y ...... 28 'JB 

S'huolers Houabtltu . 4 00 

iViutli Onncu .... 11 20 


Summit Ulll &T fit 

Uhlppuiy ..... 8 8S 


,\>io Brunnrtck Preibyltri/_ 

Alexandria, 1st ... . S OD 

A1Dtt«II.lBt lOflO 

3d »M 

Untied. I8t. . 4 10 

Hoand Brook W 00 

IMyton l; » 

liotehNack nOV 

EviBS »» 

nemlnston f SI 1 

Tteachtown 12 

Hamtltaa Sqnarc ... 88 

Holland TO 

UopeweU 4 

KlngMon GO 

Klngu'ood 2 

Klrkpatrtrk. Mem'l. . S5 

LapiMrtTllle U o 

Lawienoevlllc .... 24 7 

MUfoid 22 B 

New BruiMwIek. tut , 80 T 

2d , . SO 

PeunlQgton, 1st . , . 8 

PrtQcelon, l»l 62 7 

■•2d 217 

" Wltber-poon 61. 10 

StOGkloti 4 

TltuiTllle SO 

TrentDD, in 223 2 

"2d IS 2 

"3d 02 8 

II «b «> 

' ' BethanV '.'.'.'. SO 

" in ^p. . ! . SO 
JVetrlon Pre^ij/ttry. 

Andover 2 

ABl>ur>- 30 

BeallyitDwn 2 

Belvldere. M IB 

2d 10 S 

BUlnlowD 78 

Bloanubury 10 fl 

BrancbTllle 1« 

DuckertowD 11 o 

Delavtara 4 

Oreenwlch 6 

HackettRtown MO 

HftTTDOOy 10 8 

La Fnyetle -■• 

Maniifleld, Id 2 

Markuboro ...... 30 

HtucoDetcong VHlley . a 

Nemon 60 

" WortinlnBter . , . e 

Oifotd. Int 3 

2d IS 8 

PhUttpsbargb, tst . . . 2S 

Rtanbope ....... 60 

Sleiruuvllle 8 

StlllnvteT ....... 12 

Wantage, IM 6 o 

2d 4 6 

»K 1 
Weit Jerieji Frribi/lerj/. 

Bllllnggport 10 

Blackwood 26 

BrldgelOQ, in ... . WO 

2d IJ B 

Camden, li>t . ... 35 

Cape Inland '.'.'.'.'.'. 11 

CedairUle, Ut . . . . U 

ColdHpring TO 

Deufleld 10 

GiMDwlcb 10 

Baddonfleld 120 

lIaT>a Undlnit , . - . 3 

HUlTllle US 

Plitwrove .... 


Tuckabge .... 


Woodbuty .... 
Woodalown . . 

;; is 


12 Gl 

Jtio Orande Pmbf/Urii. 

Albuquerque, M . . . 20 8G 
Spanhfa 2d . . 2 00 

aania A PretbyUrj/, 
Santa Fe, l»t S OD 

Madiwm Avoi 

Jennain, Ucmorial 
JabnMown . . 
New Bcotland 
NonhamploD . 

Rockwell Palli 
Sand I«ke . , 
Saiatoga Bpringn. Int 

Bingkamlon Prftbt/lerv- 

AftOD 8 00 

Balnbridge IG 24 

BlngbaiDion. IM . . . 182 20 
Noitb .... G 00 

" Weil uoo 

CannoniTllle G 00 

OortUnd 41 81 

CaveDtry, 2d 18 00 

Depotlt, IM 4 68 

Hcanwville II 21 

NaiMtaon 6 82 

Klnereb 10 45 

Owen, W U 4C 

BnUfeVtlle Flat* ... 2 80 

Digitized by Google 

WuTerly. 1 

WlOdBOT . 

Bo»bm Preibytfry- 

Antrim 2A 

Bedford f 

BouEli Boelon. lei . 

" Ryegale , , 


WoOQEocket, iBt . 

' Almlle Street 

' CIuaoD Aveau 

I CumberUnd at 

' E.Wra'bg. Genii 

■ fUedeiukirchB 

• Green Poio 

' l*fayette . 

' Momurial 

' PrtapectUt 

" WeBtmlnster . 
Edgewaler, Ist. , . 
W. New Bitghlon.CBl' 

Bujiraio Pretbvtery. 

' Wealntlnnlcr 
Veal Side . 





■' ^onli '.'.'.'.'. II 


HuichcMer. 1st ... . i 

Digitized by Google 

Newtown . . 
Xorthport . . 

St. Fsul'i, Ger. . 


UlUertoa. . . . ■ ■ 


HewbiUBb. IM . . . 

Pine Ptitloi *"T '. '. 
Pleuant V&lley . . 
Poughkeepsle .... 


Bmlilifleld ...... 

WappIngBT'a Creek . 

OUego Pfetbj/tery, 

■ IStbSlieet . . 
' mhStreet. . 

■ Aduni Mem'l 

■ Brick 

• Chilat Cbapel 

' Flench Etuis- 
H&rlem - . . . 

' Hadlsoa Are 

" Ut. Wash'K 

■' Parte .... 
" Plilllipa . . 

■ Unlv'ty Place 
- Wrt-ronHel' 

; I Cherry Valley . 

, Goopentown . 

■ Delhi, 1st . . . 
I UllbertsTille . . 

; I SpriDfiflsU 
) St&mfbrd 

I Backett'i Harbor . . 

I WaddioKton' '.'.'.'. 
■ "'-•irtown, Im , . . 
' StoDe 8trefl . 

) HoniellsTlire . . . 

I PraiUbnnl], IM . 

) Pnltnay 

) WoodhuU, lat . . 

Si/raeuM Prabi/teTy. 
■ Boldwliuvll 

' j Socheater Preabj/terj/. 
. I Brighton 1^ 

I CaieaovU . . 

ChuCIaoangn . 

FayellaTllle , 
) Fulton .... 
) Hannlbsl, . . 

fnagara Fretltj/tery. 

AiUon am 

Sure Centre 3 50 

Hoiley, 1st T 00 

KnowlesvUIe 4 00 

Lewiston 5 00 

Loekpon, in 06 94 

'' 2d Ward . . 1 00 

HapletoD 2 00 

Medina 5 00 

NlasamFalta 22 38 

youagHtmra 8 00 

m 10 

'NoHti Rivtr PreiAiyUTy. 

" South '.'.'.'. MM 

BeUilehem 15 00 

Cold SprluK 15 00 

rreeiloni Pwns .... 4 00 

Pfflard . . , 
PltUrford . . 
Rochester, IhI 

Hooalck FallK . . 

LamlngburKb. I: 

" Olivet . . 

Sandy Hilt . . . 

Brovnvllie . . 
CapeVlnoem . 

... 12 J5 

52 Gl 

B3 00 

Digitized by Google 

Montxomerr .... 

Mount Caimei . . . 
New RlchmoiiiJ , , . 
FleuaDt Ridge . , . 
Pleuaot RuD .... 
Reading aad Liickt'd 



willlamabuiBh '. 

Cteveland, in . 


Betbel 3 

Blue Ball , 3 

Clifton 9 

^Ji^^i" s 

Digitized by Google 

UhiIod, iBt • IS W 

Mmysvilje 5 W 

Ulllbrd Centn! .... 4 KO 

York .,.!;■.■.! 1 » 
68 02 
Matimee Prfbytery. 

Antwerp 3 60 

Defiaacii ...,.,. 10 00 

Qmid Rapids .... ^00 

Toledo. 1st 13j 00 

" lattiermsn ... 2 00 

" WeslmloBler . . 14 60 

We«t Betbesdit .... s 00 

West Unity 3 00 

Wealoo a 00 

182 10 
Purttmauth Preibylery. 

Eckmuisyllle .... 2 00 

HauglnK Rock .... S 00 

Leigh .'...'. 3 00 

outb, iBl . . . 106 01 

Ronellillle Il 36 

WlQcbuter Z 00 

8t. aairnUlt Prtibytery. 

Bannock 3 oo 

fiainesvltle. ,',... 10 88 

BeallsTllle 3 00 

Bellalra, 2d 8 OO 

Bethel S 00 

Buflklo 13 SB 

Cadli 31 00 

CsmbTldge ...... 8 00 

Concord 15 00 

Cntb Apple g BO 

Jerusalem 4 00 

Lore City 2 00 

MBitln's Ferry .... 14 04 

New AthBM ..... 8 12 

New Cuitla I 00 

Nottlnslisia is 53 

Pleagaot Valley ... 1 «6 

Powhatan 4 30 

Rock Hill 3 60 

St. aalnnlllo 18 00 

Senecavllle 1 00 

Sbort Creek 6 00 

Wat Brooklyn .... 400 

l^liMllng 3 00 

203 U6 

mtiibtniHUe Preabylery. 

Anuapolla. ..!!!! 3 oo 

Bacon Ridge 6 M 

Bakenvllle 2 uo 

Beecb Spring ..... » 00 

Bethel 6 30 

Bethlehem .!!!!! 5 00 

BloomQeld 2 DO 

BrlllUnt 11 00 

Bucbanan Chupel . , » 00 

Canoilton t uu 

Centre UnltT t 1 00 

Corinth 00 

Croea Creek 2 25 

Dell Roy 2 2S 

DennlsoD 12 ou 

East Liverpool .... H 4a 

Eait Springfleld '.'.'. 4 go 

Peed Spring 2 00 

Harlem 5 oO 

Hopedale 4 00 

Irondale 3 00 

Island Creek . , . . 3 M 

LeenlUe 1 83 

Linton If eo 

LoDg't Run 6 52 

New Cumberland . , . 7 ou 

New Hageislown ... 1 34 

New Hairisbuig .... 6 00 

New PbUadelplilB . . 6 00 

Oak Bldge S ou 

Richmond .,!!!! '^50 

Ridge 2 OU 

SleubeDvllle, let . . . S 53 

2d. . . 28 24 

TwoRidgea ...... 6 00 

UnlonpOTt 1 00 

Wayneebnrgb fi 00 

Wellavllle 4200 

Yellow Creek G 00 

Apple Creek 6 00 

BeUTllle!; 3 30 

Doyta^wo'. '.'.'.'.'. 5 00 

Hopewell 13 uo 

Jackson 7 oo 

Lexington 2 uo 

LoudonTllla. 2 60 

Mansfield 2K !i2 

Man^allvllle 1 00 

Nashville IT 20 

Orrvlllo ! 2 68 

PerrysvUlB 1 6a 

Plymouth 2 ffi 

Savanoab 6 46 

Shelby 2 00 

WoobMi; 1»i'. '....'. 66 41 

" Wesimlnater . 28 47 

Zantivilte Pretbyterif. 

BtowDBvllle 6 00 

Cbandlenvlllc .... 4 66 

Coshocton ...... 26 80 

Dresden 3 92 

Duncan's FbHs .... 4 57 

(iranvllle s 20 

High Hill 5 40 

Marilnsburgh. . . . ! 3 67 

Mt. Vemon 21 ou 

Ut. Zlon 5 00 

Uiuklngum 4 00 

Newark, 1st s 00 

Digitized by Google 

Bacramenia Pretbytery. 

Chico WO* 

Colusa 3 00 

Elk Orove 2 05 

lone ! 60 

Nevada « OB 

Placervllle 6 OO 

SacnmenU). Iltb !4treet 3 20 

" WastmlnMer , . IS oO 

Ban Franclaco Preibyttry. 

Alameda U SO 

Berbeler S ^ 

Brooklyn 21 IJ 

Qolden Uate 1 UO 

Oakland, Ceatennta] . 13 00 

" Chinese. ... 780 

BanFtanclaco, ChlneM 14 2S 

" Howard .... Z2 Do 

- - 34 20 

Digitized by Google 

Lebinon 4ih S[i««t . . 
Loia ll»ith Creek . 
Uwtr Path Vnilej . 

«ienii»n«l«le . . . 
Upw Puh Vslley . 

C*ei«w Prctbfitery. 

ti«aTUle . . . . 
lubr, Borougb . . 

DllworUilown . . 

UHlDlUblWD, < 

Xlddleioim 11 00 

.Nev Loadon is cw 

(afijri. lit 76 76 

PeonlDgtoDvUle ... 10 sz 

l^iilivUle, l»t . . . a 00 

KWhT Pwk 1 W 

* PPraOeloiara .... 24 RS 

"'^M aj w» 

<^B«Ctaaner. in . . . «i W 

OtaHbn pretbyterp. 

UwcbWood* « 

Heiliada t 

Mf Bob 1 

Bmokvllle U 

(■lleBitant 8 

■ lulon , . . !u 

'umxmi a 

I>u Bub IB 

e<]cDban: u 

HkloD a 

lirwnTllle t 

Mti^Sle'. '.'.'.'.'.'. 5 

Xiew lUboboth .... t 


Pott t 2W 

Piigah 800 

Reynoldiville .... 4 X 

Tloneita 4 DO 

Srtt Pretbylery. 

Atl&nUo 3 80 

Belle VaJlej' 2 00 

Brodlbld, lit .... . 33 DO 

Cambridge 8 00 

CoctinuilOD 26 I 

Conconl l oo 

Cool BpriDsa 8 IS 

Corrjr 6 50 

Ewt GieeDS 2 so 

Erie, Ist 2S 00 

" Centist SO DO 

" Cbeslnul ^■t^c«1 , 10 m 

Kraoabnrgb* '.'.'.'.', l OO I 

Fairfield 4 oo I 

Falrview 4 00 

PranUln 61 g? 

Fredonla 2 66 

Uatland 6 oo 

GlranJ 6 88 

Gieenvllle 20 DO 

Hadley 2 00 

Saiboi CiHk .... 3 DO 

Irvlnelon 2 6(1 

JameMown. bit ... , G 06 

Kerr'e Hill 2 6» 

Headvtlle,]^ DO 

" 2d 12 00 

Ueicer, lit IS DO 

'■ 2d 14 00 

UUIedKevIlle 4 00 

Uilea Grove Hand . . 2 OS 

New Lebanon .... 3 00 

Nortb ClanndoD ... 1 40 

MtUfleld 3 61 

Sandf Lftke* '..'.'.', 2 00 

Sprtngfletd 4 oo 

Sugal Creek 3 00 

Sunvllle 8 00 

TldeonW 8 00 

Union 6 00 

Utlca 6 11 

Wairen 212 91 

Waterfbid 2 00 

Wattaburgh 1 40 

WeitmlDMer 8 00 

644 36 
HuntingtSon Prr^ii/ttTp. 

Alexandria 16 66 

••a '.'.'.'.'.' '. IE 38 

Bedford 3 00 

BellefoDte 4a 41 

Belhel 1 80 

BeuUb 2 DO 

Dlnnlngbam 8 08 

awrfleld ..'.'.'.'.'. 61 8B 

Curwemvllle 13 g; 

DuDcaniville 1 oO 

B«M KlibacoqulUai . IB 00 

Ereiea 4 m 

Vrull Bill T 00 


Qlbeon, Hemnrial . . ( S oo 

HoIldaTSbarfib .... 41 2e 

Bouudale 6 62 

Huntingdon 20 00 

Kylenown 1 00 

LewMowD 30 70 

Logan'a Volley .... s 00 

Loit Cieek 10 DO 

Lower Spruce t^eek , 00 

Lower liucaroru ... 8 oO 

HcVerlowD 4 75 

Haplmon 4 DO 

Ulffllntown 3G 8S 

Ulleaburgb G 7U 

UUioy 6 00 

Moabimnou 8 DO 

Mourn Union 23 00 

Peofleld A DO 

i^tenbuix 31 

PbUUpabuigh .... 13 ao 

Pine throve 71 

Port Soyal 12 00 

Saxton 1 00 

ShMeyaburgh .... 8 DO 

SiDklug Creek .... 1 88 

Sinking Valley .... 10 00 

8[>rtllg Creek 12 00 

Spring Mills 2 00 

giruoe Creek 13 20 

■monB lOB 05 

tpper Ttucaront ... 5 00 

W'eat Ktsbacoqullliui . 15 00 

WiDterbum 2 00 

Warrtora Mark Cbap . 18 45 

KUtannine PreibyieTV. 

Apollo, 1« IS 

Atwood 10 

Bethel o g 

Cherry Tree ...'., la 

clarkilHirgh 15 

CllDlon 2 

Concord 50 

Currle'B Run 12 a 

East tlDion 1 ; 

Ebeneier 27 ( 

KJder't Ridge II e 

EldertOD 50 

Pr«epoit 12 s 

oiigai 6 

Honnony eg 

Homer Aty 5 8 

Indiana Go 

Jackeonvllle is fi 

Kltluiolng, lit ... . 38 

Leechburgh ...... 3U 

Wecbanlcabunrb ... 80 

Hill Cr«ek g n 

Middle Creek 1 u 

Midway m 

Honnt Pleaaant .... 4 c 

Parkeraty 20 6 

Plumyllle 20 

Rockbridge ,...!! 40 

Runl VaHey 3 u 

BtlUbuigb 68 4 

81al« Uck Xia 

amicktiMugh 3 

sndBT'i Qrove .... 2 e 

Tunnellon 20 

D,j,i,i.aB, Google 

CnioD ■ i 

WublnMon l( 

Wat (ilade Kun ... « 
W«C Lebanon .... ^ 
Wunbioston ..... ( 

Bennett. . . 
Brooklyn , . 

CubODdBle. 1 
Dunmoie , . 

Fnakllu . . 
Gibson . . . 
Hreat Bend . 
HumaDy . . 

Honssliae '. 
KlDSBloa , . 
I^ngclyfee . 
Meeboppen . 

Ret^Dg, iBt 

■■ OIlTcv . . . 

" Wiub'too 9t 
Sandy Ri 

SbeoBi ■ 

Ldo&b . 

SlatlngtoD . . 
South Bethlahi 
South EutOD . 
atroudsbarg . . 
DpMr L«buti 
WWthBPly . . . 
Wblle Hnven . 

Jforlhumberland Pret/^tfltry- 
Bald E'Kle and NItta'y 9 Ot 
Beech C^k « 00 

Olypbant . . 
Plymontb . . 

Wyoming . . 

l^high Prrittytery. 

Bethlehem, ii<t 

Eastoa, IM , , . . 
-■ Braincrd 
Lock Kldge . . 
Mabanoy Cllv 
Mftuch CbunV 

Chllliaqiuque . . 

EmporluL- . . 
Great Island . 


20 OO Emporium . 

Holland Run 


MllfllnbuiK. IM 

Mooneburgb . 
Uount Cannel. 
Muncy .... 
New Columbia 
Onngevlllc . 

Sbamoklu, Isl 
Sbllob .... 

tvasbinglon . 
WUllamapurt. 1^ 

HiUadeiplUa Prabylery. 


PbUs. Walnat St 

Himon. . 

■ Weatmlnstsr . . 

Wea Spruce St . 

CaJmel, Genn« 

Gi«eD Hill. 
Hebron. Mem 


Princeton . 

Richmond . 
Temple . . . 
Trtnfty . . . . 
Weat Pail . 
York Street 

Fhliaila. JVbrtA PrtabytrTy, 

Cheslnat Hill' '. 
•■ Hill Trlnily 

DliiBlon, Memorial 
DoylestAwn . . . 

Palls ofSebuylkill 

OeimantovD, t 

" Market Rq< 
" Wakefletd. 


HoQllagdon Valley 


Lover Merion , . . 
Macste:ner Memorial 

Manayunk. Ist , . . 
Mount Airy . . 
Neshamiin of Wa 
'■ Warwick 
Newtown .... 
Norrlstown, 1st . 

Norrltoo & PiDYldeni 

Sprln^eld . , . . . 
Tliompaon Memortal 
WiBln<Hnlng .... 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 

PatMOurph Prrtbytem. 

BetluuiT - I " i 

BMbti Wl 

CanDODiburgh .... 20 I 

Long laland ■ 

Xlddletown . 
lltUer'B Bon . 

' Covenant . . . 
' Eaat Ubert; '. 

Gnce Memoiial . 

ttertalime Preibytrry. 
Belle VernoD . R 

Btowniivllle . , 
Connellivme . 

Mount Heuaat . 

Reboboth t 8 00 

Roand HUl 4 00 

Bcottdale II 15 

Senrtokloy B M 

Tent » 15 

UnloDtowD 47 OO 

Wwt Newton 2S 80 

422 61 
ahenaago Prfubyttry. 

Beaver TUls 10 W 

CI&rksTllle Ifi 00 

Enon 6 00 

Hennan 4 00 

Hopewell 10 26 

Leoiburrh 2 00 

Utile BesTer S 14 

Mount I^ea»nt ... 7 00 

Nesfaannock 10 00 

Ne« BrlshtOD .... 40 42 

New Cufle, Irt . . . . 27 8ft 

2a ... . 10 00 

North Sewlckly .... 2 00 

Fetenburgb 2 W 

Princeton 7 M 

PulsskI 2 00 

Rich UU1 2 00 

Shuon 6 00 

StmrpnTtlle 10 46 

BlIppeiT Rock .... 8 20 

TransTer 1 34 

Unity 7 OO 

Weetfleld IT 00 

Wen Mlddleaex ... S K 

211 20 

Allen Grove 2 00 

Bethlehem 5 00 

BurgettMown 7 S4 

Claysillle 20 00 

Cove 3 00 

Ckmh Cieek 21 CO 

CroM Boada 8 00 

Eut BuSUo gg 32 

FrenklOrt ... ... 13 00 

Hookatown 11 06 

Umealone » 7ft 

Lower BaffUo 12 T3 

Mount Prospect .... 13 84 

New Oumberlanil ... 22 00 

Plfreon Creek 8 50 

Inlty a 00 

Upper Buitalo 38 00 

Washington, l!<t , . . . '147 ^"i 

1i\. . . , 40 00 

Waynexbuigb 8 00 

Wellnburgli 8 M 

Wegt Mbeny 3 OO 

Wheeling, Ut 57 19 

2d 12 00 

3d BOO 

Wolf Run 1 00 

aa 26 

WelMmni I'riahi/lery. 

.Allegany 1 00 

Arnot .'.'.'.'.','.'.'. 4 00 

tCLkland and 0^'eula . 15 00 

Fannlncton ...... :i on 

Knoivllie I 00 

FortAUegheny. . . . « 127 

Tioga ft 00 

WeDBboio 17 27 

51 54 
Witlmimter Preibj/lerj/. 

BeUevne 4 30 

Cedar Qrove 5 00 

Centre 22 DO 

Chaacefoid 00 

Cheetnnt Level .... 8 04 

Colambla 13 95 

Donegal 2 00 

Laucaitei. 1M . . . . IS 00 

Memorial . 2 00 

Leacock 10 70 

Little Britain ..... ft 00 

Marietta 27 00 

Middle OcWraiB ... fl so 

Mount Joy 1ft 00 

New HaimoDT .... 90 

Pine Orove 7 00 

Slate Ridge 8 00 

SlatevlUe S 35 

Stewartstown 11 8ft 

Union 17 00 

WrightHTllle 7 00 

York, lit 89 40 

" Calvary 28 OS 

327 11 
Wetl Virginia prttbyttry. 

Bethel 2 60 

aarksburgb R 00 

Hugbai Rivet' '.'.'.'. 3 OO 

MorganloWD . . 11 DO 

Partenbuigh, iwt . . . ."> OO 

SiatenvitlB ft 00 

Sugar Orove 3 00 

Wlnfleld 6 00 

Black BiUa Ptftbytcry. 

Black Hills 1 00 

Laveme 1 00 

Rapid aty 13 00 

Whitewood 8 00 

18 00 
Central Dakoin Vri'byltryi. 

BroohlDgK a 01 

Flandreau. 2d ... . 3 00 

Manche*ler 1 00 

Woonsocket 2 00 


Dakota frctl'i/ltTy. 

Sniithem Dakiila I'rftbffler] 

Digitized by Google 

lYinlly Prabytery. 

\ I aien Rose . . 
{ I StephenrUle . 

Montana PrtrityUry. 

La CnHe. lU . 

Lakt Superior Pmbytery. 

Utah PteibyUry, 

Mount Ploaauit. . . 
Salt Lake at;, Isl . . 

Wood River Preibytery. 

\Valla Walls .' . 
WaitBburs . . . 

Olympta Preibytery. 

Chehalls 2 

Puyallup 2 

Pretbytery of Paget 6 
AaacOHtHi, Wegtrn'ster 
BelllDgbam Bay . . . 


I'ort Tuwnsend Bay . 
foit Harllock .... 

Cti-ippewa PreiliyteTy. 

Buyficld '■2 

CUppewa Falls ... 13 

Maditim Prettrytery. 
Belolt. Genoaa . 
Cotlaie (irove . , . 
HlRhlaiKl, Gennan . 

Pnltie dii aic 
Piilaakj, Germai 

Rcedsbargh . . . 

81 K 
t Pretbytet-s. 

Cellar Grove . 

Ooatburg . 
Richfield '. 
SEone Bank 

Shawano . . . . 
Stevens Point. . 

Digitized by Google 


-TltbeoTlnherlt&Dce," 100. 

Km. M«jT V«nce, Rome Qfl., 5; E. P, Gilbert, 

HM: E. V 

C, Pi, 2; Mln Kate Comalock, Paiui. IB., 10 
Ms.; Cteh.2S. 

Prof. E. P._Gllbert,ZT5(ii W. M. Kndley. JiT 

i. Roblnaon, 8. 
., Phlladeli>lil« W; W. R. J.. SO: 

itn. H. T. H., 10: Rav. ff 
ectal Bchotarahlp, «: 
" ' • °~~ V. Craig, 



SMrensoD, 2; I 

'kn.T. B. K.,IO:'e.'n. D.,'2;'Julla ', 

Clark, 2; Rer. J. M. Leonard, Japan, 10: Id- 
lensl fhnd Futterson estate. 261 40 ; Iter. w. l 
I. Tarbet and wlft, 1 SO : Wm. Bchranun, 1 ; ' 
C, Pa., -A 1 


E. P. Gilbert. 27 50: F. L. Janewav, 102 70 : i 
ReT.A.T.DobmOift; Mnu C. B. Moore, 1: 
Jane a Worth. 1 : Rer, A. A. Matbea. 4 ; 

.: Un. J. V. Bnwkg, 1 
I ._ .._ I 

. myivi.vji 

L. TarbelaDd wlfe,9ScU.: a. Pane 

Geo, T. Goold. 27 50 ; InWrat from ChM. 
Wright, Eatate, 19; Mra. Jane Page, b; Prom 
TwoHlsten, 100; A Wendin New Jeraey, 50; 
Rev. W. T. Flndley, 6 ; Rev. W. G. Hgher 
and wife. 2 50; Mra. S. A. S, Ferry, 20 ; " N," 
Itn; "Ftem a Widow," 5; UIh M. Hamil- 
ton, 5; Cash. 30; Prof, E P. GllDert, 27 50: 
tniaa. Erbe, 2 ; Rev, E. W. McDowell, Moaul 
Turkey, 2; Church at Bahla, Bmll, fi; New- 
Ion, N, )., 50 ; Rev. W. L. Tarbet and wUS, 
1 80; Rev. W. L. JohnBtOD. 26; C., Penna., 
2; A friend. Ackley, Iowa, 25. 

Rev, L. R. Fox, 25 ; Mn. Mary Smith Foi. 25- 
Income from Hatch lugacy, to: Mis. Lucy 
Grimea, 42; Rev. E. DeWltl. 5; C, New 
York, 2 : Eev, W. L. Tarbet and wife, 90 cla. 

1 wife, 5; Rev. A J. Boell. loi 

aey, 5: 

— ..^.,„, — „. .^ — .^^..5: Adlleno 

C. French, 2.'t:W.B.AndDrBon, a; Mra. L. J. 
Grimes, 42 ; Mra. L. J. «„ 1 : G. I.. K., 10 
Rev. J. H. GaUB, 6 : Rev. and Uis. R. B; 
Love, 6; Rev, W. L. Tarbel and wife, 9B ct«.' 
Kev. J. H. Blackford. 10:r. U., 125; Phlla- 
BdiicaUoD Society, 105 : Cub, 4 40. 


All that the Board deems It important to fhmlsh la ita cokfohate make, viz.: Tlie Boa 
of Eduealiim of Oie PrabyleHan Church in the United Stalet of America, 

TbeStatelBwadUlbraomucI] that no one form nltl answer In all the States, 

The following form may beuaedln moat of tbo States ; 

"I give anddeviiela The Boartl o/ Eduealion o/the Preibf/fcrian Church in the Unit 

Mntri »/ .ftmn^fd, tbe aum of doUan Vi and for the use of the said Board ofEducalk 

and nnder lla direction, to be applied to asHlsl candidates for the ministry." (If real estate 
other property be ifiven. let It be particularly described.) 

LeOeri and Cbmmunim/ioiu for the Board oy I 
cerog of the Board, to caadldatee for the ministry, i 
addrewed to the Corresponding Secretary |Rev. D, W 

RemlUanctt of Honey ahould tie sent to the Treasurer, Mn. Jacob Wilson, s 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 

Tabular Statsfflent by Synedt and Praabyterias. 


3| J 

I. ..„....» IS' 2,0«0.«l 

■^ am,oo 


'8 |I3P 

s.i Is 

Synoda Iji ^d ! | 
Presbyteries. 2 U^ \ I 

s is 


! ICravtoniaTllIe.... 

FnrtWayiie ^.. 

L IT 2.724 Indlanapolti 

...I s' 475,l»| 74.M 
... 1H 1.KS3.0I1 tXSi 

... 1 loojD ni.35 
... 2 »u.oa< iwlXO 

u M.ns.mlti ,213.73 

25 29 &.4e3 
li 12 2,Va 

Chumkee Matlou .- 



■ • 

litnl t,lm Iowa dV..'— - 

|.W N.W15 Win,3R9.£S 1^ U1 

1 isoo.oo »40«.6a 2 

I l,7!Ki Highland 
: 5,91>s!iNeoBho™; 

... 2Hfl.;4H.(»| 1192.12' AS 49 &^» 

S67J]0l 107.77 1 1 

BiiN OregOD. t 

l-urtUnil ll 100.00 i 


Eb>ck RlTW..~ 

I 3,707 I _ 

Mtao\ 112.17 

*tlM\ 'fW.14 21 IH 3,H72,inint. 

I, 133.IJ0 1 

1 1 KMxrho 

■-I 5 WMjwi tmx< 1 

-" 3 212,00 V6I» 

■- 11 l.OOl.OO 12325 

11911,818.00 wya ! 

2» 14.:ix 

in OTi., 

21, S^UnuidtUplds... 

» II 1,983 IT-' 

21 19. 4.«I7 L 



IM,IS,S75^ M.IM.M a n 21 

lll.fl,S».ao n, 299.98 

« 33 i 


Digitized by Google 

Tiliiilar Statement by Synode and Prealiyteriee. 

-' If! U 

Ptttbytema. i, &g 

hi S 

Red RiterJ...,.;;; 

9l. P«ul 

■ I 2| ia»,0O; I22.7S 
.| ll 80.00| ' 





W »5.(H2.WI'tl,l!lO,7!i: !> 





iHtKJgOQ '."'J.'.'.". 

I Long laland .... 


ijjwh RlverL." 


1200001 1143.15' ] 

i.Rss.oo SAiisa' sal ■&. 23,430 

la.-v — i a)0«)| smm' 

i»[«ubeD ._....., 4' Jimin' iwiin 

|^r«^ :. 61 S Si 

™r- ^1 ■.ioo.oin o!iujm- 

'2V 2,1(10.00, aio.:i.'>' 


301 i&i lo^.'m 

l.^ M wwa 
Ml 12 l,l»l 
IGI '^ll 6.2TS 

isl -n, 7.«a 


i7 atT_,. 


.' 8 ^lUI.OI)' 4211 
. 3 '^LOOi Sl-.J 
. 1 lOOOOl 1 *»> 

. 2H' :t' 7.S7«i 

II ift. M' iSwni 
1] »i la .VMR 



SL>.4U 23, 21' fl^R 

», 'V7 <>„[ I dnefniuti ...... 


I Columbiw....... 


1 fVirlsmoulh , 

, St. Ctalnvllle.... 
' SteuhenvUle 

7 iaoa.00 t3aa.i« -i 
ll loo.ool see.sil 1 

!3 R00.00 

13069. 10' 77 



D,j,i,i.aL, Google 

Tibalar StateMent by Synodt and PrMbyterfes. 

Contributing Ciurcliea.-.- 
Non ConCrHiullog Omrcbai 

Digitized by GOOJ^Ie 



The Siaadins Committee of the Anembljr coniUted of ihe foUowliig named perwtu : 
MrnOdri; Eldtrs: 

John Eaton. LL. D,, a. N. Blarkhah, 


Datid S. KnntBDr, Edward Cahf, 

Beh;ahih S. Evbrbtt, W. B. Dban, 

J- W. C. WlLt-OUCHBY, ROHT. Maulton, 

Adolos Allen, W. D. Nilk, 

Wm. c. Ta¥lo«, C I. Vail. 


The Coomltiaa preaented their r^wn on Monday, May ajlh, 1891, throngb tbeir 
Chairmui, Rbt. John Eaton, LL. D., which wu accepted. The Assemblj was then 
'ddrewed by Rev. O. D. Baker, D, D.. Prasidant. Rer, D. W. Poor, D. D., Coms- 
PWdiDg Secretary of Ihe Board, and olheis. 

The report wa( nnanimouily adopted, and isu followt : 

YooT Standing Commiltee on Edikcalion bags leave to report that tbey have examined 
Itw miinte* of the Board and find tbem tn due form. 

Yonr Committee have great ntiiiiciion In obHrring In the statlittcs reported by the 
Uwrd.erjdenM which awakent the hope that a Heady advance hatiet In, which li toeen- 
luue until the demandi of tiie Maiter for laboiers are Bdaqoaiel)' mat yaai by year. 

There were aided, S69 candidatei lait year, or an iocreaie of thirty over the prerlona 
yeir ; and that year showed an increase of tixty-Mven over iu pieileeeiior. 

There were received from all tonrces, 190,573, or an Increaie of (5,576 over the pra- 
•iDiii year, and that yearihowedan increase of 14,001 over it» predecetMr. 

Bui though these favorable ilfn* encourage hope, in passing from them, we meet 
de&cieDciei pointing to dallnqoencies and inadequacy In what li now done, that should 
juickaa OS to obey the command: ■■ Pray ya the Lord of the harvest," and to arouse the 
ctauicbei to all the effort which that prayer implies. In view of these we remark : 

1. There k a lock of promptness among the churches in taking upandsandlnglnthelr 
coninbuUoBt. The Board mint pay Its ilndenls and square its accounts at a fixed dale 
kaowD to all : but when Its books were closed, there wai found an increased deficit of And yet It appears between this closing and the printing of the Report, 
•cie receited which, had it been icnl in two week* earlier would have mode a better 
ihoaing. Now, ail churehes are nnder the same Master, and are equally obligated with 
te Boonl of Education by the Rule* of the General Assembly, to contarm to Ihe same 
btei. The dmple virlae of prompuess would therefore wrve largely to otiriate lueh 
Bu>yinf resnlu. 

a. But notwithstanding these lata receipt*, there still remains a debt of IS^ao to go 
•er 0* aa hscobu* upon the work of the next year. But this i* not the bull of the Board, 
*;iBppea» that Ibe Board, In obedience to the Assembly, after balancing all probalnlitlei 
lating on a moderate Increase of leodpti, and after cutting down the ntwiber of 
tdidatei recommended, gave timely and repeated notice of Ihe danger of lack of fond* 

Digitized by Google 

vhieh, if it had been beeded, would have secured tbat end 50 devoutly to be wiibed — the 
closiBg of (he year vilhoul a debt , 

3. It should be observed further, that even if the calculadon with which the Board 
CDtored upon the year had been fully realiied. the amount secured would have been 
totally inadequate. It would nol have sufficed for all the candidates who were offered by 
the Presbyteries, far eighly-sii were declined. Nor should we be satiiGed to fix the bmils 
of demandformoney by the numberof candidates recommended; for though all Ihsse had 
been accepted or aided. Hill the number would nol have been sufficient If tested bj the law 
of supply and demand as applied to vacant churches, old and mw, and the men needed to 
supply tbem. The minutes of 1890 repoti 1,163 churches vacant, an excess of filteen over the 
ptevloui year, and aaa new ones organized against siity-five disbanded, leaving an Increase 
of 157, not counting those which could have been organized ia connection with the 
thousand or mote new Sabbalh-sehools, if there had been men for the work. The gradu- 
ates of the Theological Seminaries numbered tvralve more than (he previous year, or aiS. 
This gain may be set down as balanced substantially by those of other denominntions who 
study in our Seminaries, or who, for various causes, &it of entering our Ministry. The 
effort of this General Assembly to adjust the unsupptied churches and unemployed 
Ministers, by supplying needed Information, and arousing the Ptcsbrleries (o >ise Iheir 
direct authority, in bringing the two together will, we may hope, take away one cause ot 
reproach and hindrance to the work committed to the Board of Education, and also 10 
remove an indeterminate factor from the problem of furnishing a sufficient supply of 
preacher*. We should not be led to conclude that we have enough ministers because every 
attractive vacancy is besieged by an army of applicauti, or because so many charches, in 
one extreme of £utldiouaness or another, dmw the line of acceptability so far up in 
malurityi or, put " the dead line " for rejection so near the point of greatest efTectiveness. 

4. If members of the General Assembly will study the statistics of the Board bj 
Synods, they will find facts more significant than any cammenU of ours. Take e. %■< 
sevenl wealthy Synods : The Synod of Baltimore received lasj more than it coniribul«d 
for ill nineteen candidates 1 forty-seven churches giving nothing. The Synod of Illinois. 
received $1,311 more than it gave. The Synod of Indiana received (3.761 more than 
it gave, and thai of Ohio, I4ia5t more than it gave. Vour (Jommitlee should add lh>i 
they are gratified to observe the extent to which these focts are aliracting attention is 
several Synods. 

5. Further emphasis is given to these bets by a slight computation showing the rate 
of contribullon per member. True, it should always be kept in mind that all Chniche; 
cannot do alike : there is a reason for more candidates coming from the country and more 
money Irom the cities in proportion to church membership : but looking al five churches 
in one of our prosperous cities, we notice that the average contribulions par member, for ibe 
year was in one, eight cents : in another, six cents ; in two others, four cents, and In one, 
half a cant. Taking in to account the whole tiody of churches, it appears that Ihose con' 
ttibuting, numtMred 3,970. those not contributing, 3.700. Must we not conclude, (bat in ■ 
large number of instances Pastors, or Slated Supplies, or Elders, were al fault in not dtav- 
ing atlendon to the cause 7 Neither Churches nor Presbyteries would justify the Board in 
(bus admlaixering in (rust in disregard of the duties assigned it by the General Aseembty. 
How then can they reckon themselves without blame in neglecting their part of lite sane 
duties laid upon them by the same authority ? 

6. The great care taken by the Board in administering its trust, especially in einp- 
lional cases, leads your Committee to remark, that similar care on Ihe part of Sessions, 
Presbyteries, and instiuclon of young men, would remove hindrances and increase 
salisbctory resalts. Need we say, candidates should not be recommended by Presbyteries 
who are well known 10 possess sufficient means 10 educate themselves, or who are wastefol 
In the use of funds, 01 in any way unfit for the holy office either in ability, conduct, or 

D,j,i,i.aL, Google 


cbaTaclei? Need «• add Ihat candidalBa should be carefully eumined before Piesbylery, 
eipecially as to whether tbey have already gone ailiay iu Theology, and should also ba in 
CDDSlam and close relalions with Ihelr Pastors and Committse* of Presbytery, and lo be 
faithful ID all appropriate church work and la holy living ? 

The Bible ideal of the Ministry should be so disclosed, so made real by the instructions 
of parents and preachers and in the life of the minister, and sosupplemented aodcompteled 
by the IreatmeDt of the Minister by the church, that this reahied ideal would draw to it the 
most consecrated young men of promise. More lilEewise should be done to lead sons of 
wealthy timilies to enter the sacred otiice. Indeed, a greater eRort on the pan of Pastors 
and Eiders to inspire young men to a coane of study, and to make more careful prepaia- 
tion Hot lite, would, by advancing the general education of the whole Church, furnish a 
more cultivated Eldership and bring larger numbers forward ready to judge nioreeorrecllf 
of their duty to enter (be Ministry. Moreover, never should it be true that the nearer a 
church is to a Theological Seminary, or Ihe more closely ministers are scrutiniicd, the less 
is the mioislry esteemed, or the less willing our young men arc to give themselves lo it, or 
the less liberally the churches bestow their means for preparation for it or for its support. 

7. If such arguments as those presenied by Dr. Morris, and such activities as those of 
OUT Cbrisliati Endeavor Societies, and such movements as that recently seen among 
Students towards Foreign Missions, have added to the number offering for the Ministry, 
why may we not expect that still other motives and a more profound sympathy with the 
work of the Holy Spirit for the salvation of souls, may hasten Ihe day when there shall be 
menenotigh to ptcacb the Gospel to every perishing soul and consecrated means forthcom- 
ing for their ample support 7 

8. There should be special caution, lest in the exclusive devotion of young men to 
school and to books, they be separated from the work of God among His people. The 
Ministry roust possess more than voice or learning or the mastery ot its theory. It must 
live Christ and go about doing good. Not a few are embarrassed In their work or remain 
unemployed on account of some defect in manneis or habits, which might have been cor- 
rected by proper atlentioo on the part of advisers or teachers. Some also are waiting for 
calls, because imperfectly educated : others because deficient in consecration ; and many, 
because they have not sought "the mind of Christ" In the choice of their 
vocation as well as in the formation of their belleb and conduct. Let every Christian, 
especially every oflice-bearei. Elder or Minister, ask himself, what is "the mind of 
Christ ' ' with reference to Ihe duties he owes to this Board and to (he causa it represents. 
A large share of our Ministry mtist come under its care. They are to supply our pulpits at 
home, and fill a multitude of other important places, teaching or directing under the com- 
mand of Ihe Church ; they are to answer the Macedonian cry coming in from distant parts 
of the world. Every Board of the Church will be paralysed if there are not men enough 
to do its work. The Master selected His disciples and uughl ihem, but gave no heed to a 
multitude of mutters now come to be of great importance among His followers, and these 
must be con;idered. The Hosa of the Lord can not go forward In their various enter- 
prises without leaders, and Ihese must be had. In the entire circle of our Church actlvi- 
tiea, the one central demand is the supply of men. 

We recommend first, thai the minutes of the Board be approved, ad. We recom- 
mend that Elder Samuel B. Huey, Esq., be elected to fill the place of Samuel Field, Esq., 
deceased, in ihe class of 189a. and that Elder R. S. Walton be elected to fill the place 
made vacant by William Few Smith, A. M. , resigned, in the class of 1893, and that Elder 
William Wood be elected to fill Ihe place made vacant by jas. S, McGee, (declined lo 
ferve) class ot 1893. Also thai the persons whose term of service expires this year, vii; 
Minislers-Samuel A. Mutchmore, D.D.,J, H. Munro, D. D., Edward B. Hodgl : 
Elders-James F. Gayley, M. D., Charles H. Mathews, Esq.. George Pierce. Esq, ; 
be reelected for the